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Fitness Assessment

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Efficacy Of Wristband Activity Trackers During Vigorous Exercise, Jessica Mcdowell, Alexandrea Swize, Jenna Gerber, Reilly Avalos, Kyle Reinen, Shelly Weise Feb 2019

The Efficacy Of Wristband Activity Trackers During Vigorous Exercise, Jessica Mcdowell, Alexandrea Swize, Jenna Gerber, Reilly Avalos, Kyle Reinen, Shelly Weise

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Patients and clinicians rely on activity trackers to monitor heart rate, calorie expenditure, and steps during training and interventions. However, the efficacy of activity trackers during vigorous exercise, is not widely studied. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of activity trackers during vigorous activity. METHODS: Nineteen participants completed twenty minutes of vigorous intensity exercise by running or incline walking on a treadmill. Measurement devices worn during the testing period included two wristband activity trackers (Garmin (G) Forerunner 735xt™ and Fitbit (F) Surge™) and industry standard devices: a pedometer(P), Polar™ HR Chest Strap and Cosmed ...


Can Smart Phone Pedometer Applications Accurately Estimate Caloric Expenditure During Exercise?, Rebecca Sipes, Hollyann Wells, Libby Mccurley, Joe D. Bell Feb 2019

Can Smart Phone Pedometer Applications Accurately Estimate Caloric Expenditure During Exercise?, Rebecca Sipes, Hollyann Wells, Libby Mccurley, Joe D. Bell

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Mobile devices are increasingly being used to track various fitness and activity parameters via free applications (apps). Numerous pedometer apps are available that in addition to tracking steps, also provide an estimation of calories expended. The accuracy of these apps in their estimation of caloric expenditure during activity is not well documented. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of the Stepz® free pedometer app in estimating kcal burned while walking on a treadmill by comparing this method to the validated method of indirect calorimetry. METHODS: Twenty-four students with mean age 20.5 ±1.4 years ...


A Comparison Of Functional Movement Between Crossfit Trained, Recreationally Trained And Sedentary Individuals, Kelsey Ede, Laurel Hill, Shelby Moreno, Natalia Traverzo, Shelly D. Weise, Teresa Huckaby Feb 2019

A Comparison Of Functional Movement Between Crossfit Trained, Recreationally Trained And Sedentary Individuals, Kelsey Ede, Laurel Hill, Shelby Moreno, Natalia Traverzo, Shelly D. Weise, Teresa Huckaby

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CrossFit is a prevalent style of exercise training. The exercise style focuses on performance of aerobic and strengthening exercises which incorporate multi-joint, functional movements. These variables combine to enhance athletic performance and improve an individual's ability to perform daily functional movement patterns. A limited amount of research has compared CrossFit with other training groups regarding aerobic capacity, muscular strength and body composition. An even smaller percentage of research has compared functional movement variables. PURPOSE: Current research supports that CrossFit athletes demonstrate high symmetry of functional movement patterns. The primary aim of this study was to determine if CrossFit training ...


Intra-Day Variation In Lean Body Mass And Skeletal Muscle Mass Measures: A Pilot Study, Noe Deanda, Jordan B. Wainwright, Jeb F. Struder, Daniel Newmire Feb 2019

Intra-Day Variation In Lean Body Mass And Skeletal Muscle Mass Measures: A Pilot Study, Noe Deanda, Jordan B. Wainwright, Jeb F. Struder, Daniel Newmire

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Lean body mass (LBM) and its estimated measure of skeletal muscle mass (SKMM) is ~30 to ~40 % of total body weight. Measuring SKMM is an important assessment for both exercise and nutritional research. There is biological variation in dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) estimates related to subject presentation, changes in tissue hydration, as well as GI tract contents. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine how normal activities (e.g. eating, sleeping, exercise) influence LBM and SKMM measures using DXA in college students. METHODS: (Mean ± SEM; n = 42; Age: 26.9 ± 0.4 y; ht: 169.2 ± 1.3 ...


The Impact Of Kinetic Energy Factors On Pitching Performance Of Ncaa Baseball Players, Blake George, Andrew A. Wolfe, Joe W. Priest, Randy Martin, Matt Laurent, Kayla Peak Feb 2019

The Impact Of Kinetic Energy Factors On Pitching Performance Of Ncaa Baseball Players, Blake George, Andrew A. Wolfe, Joe W. Priest, Randy Martin, Matt Laurent, Kayla Peak

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Kinetic energy is established by a mathematical equation involving the mass of an object and the speed at which the object travels, and is a relevant measure in regards to athletic performance due to frequent transfer of energy during sport (i.e. athlete to athlete (tackling), athlete to object (throwing), object to object (tennis/baseball hitting)). Previous research has utilized the 60-yd run-shuttle to examine kinetic energy factors (k-factor) of difference sports, recognizing significant differences in energy capability between gender, sport teams, and individual sport positions. The utilization of k-factor, pertaining to baseball, has distinguished significant positional (i.e. infielder ...


Validity Of Body Volume Estimates From Infrared 3-Dimensional Scanning And Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry As Compared To Air Displacement Plethysmography, Marqui Benavides, Michael Moore, Jacob Dellinger, Claire Underwood, Tyler Dierolf, Brian Adamson, Grant M. Tinsley Feb 2019

Validity Of Body Volume Estimates From Infrared 3-Dimensional Scanning And Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry As Compared To Air Displacement Plethysmography, Marqui Benavides, Michael Moore, Jacob Dellinger, Claire Underwood, Tyler Dierolf, Brian Adamson, Grant M. Tinsley

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Traditional methods of estimating body volume (BV) such as hydrostatic weighing and air-displacement plethysmography (ADP) could theoretically be replaced using BV estimates obtained by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or infrared 3-dimensional (3D) scanning devices. Multiple 3D scanning technologies have recently become popularized, including scanners that acquire data through pattern deformations caused by the projected light over the 3D object (i.e., structured light [SL] scanners) or by calculating depth from the time it takes reflected photons to reach the scanner’s image sensor (i.e. time of flight [ToF] scanners). While these 3D scanning technologies currently predict body composition based ...


Comparisons Of Portable Metabolic Sensors During Outdoor Cycling, Darrel Woods, Katherine Costello, Alexander Toulouse, Patrick R. Davis Feb 2019

Comparisons Of Portable Metabolic Sensors During Outdoor Cycling, Darrel Woods, Katherine Costello, Alexander Toulouse, Patrick R. Davis

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Wearable technology has increased in prevalence and in the ability to monitor health related data. Additionally, the ability to record training data through various sensors has become essential in developing highly personalized training programs. Metabolic measurements have typically been confined to laboratory settings, but portable metabolic carts make the collection of these metrics in real world conditions possible. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare measurements of VO2 from two different portable metabolic carts, a new consumer focused cart (A) and a research grade cart (B), in outdoor cycling under steady state conditions. METHODS: A total of ...


Bilateral Lean Mass And Dynamic Balance Asymmetry In Collegiate Athletes, Guadalupe Gabriela Herrera, Vipa Bernhardt Feb 2019

Bilateral Lean Mass And Dynamic Balance Asymmetry In Collegiate Athletes, Guadalupe Gabriela Herrera, Vipa Bernhardt

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Laterality, or lateral dominance may lead to asymmetry in muscle mass and strength, which in turn could lead to differences in stability and balance. Muscular asymmetry and dynamic balance asymmetry have been independently linked with increased injury risk. For example, athletes with >4cm anterior reach distance differences (ΔARD) were found to be at significantly higher risk to incur injuries. PURPOSE: However, it is unknown if there is an association between muscle mass asymmetry and dynamic balance. Nor is it known if these factors change throughout the sports’ seasonal periods (i.e., off-, pre-, and post-season). The purpose of this preliminary ...


Scores For The Modified Functional Movement Screen In Active Older Adults, Martin S. Dietze-Hermosa, Samuel Montalvo, Lance Gruber, Lizette Terrazas, Matthew Gonzalez, Sandor Dorgo Feb 2019

Scores For The Modified Functional Movement Screen In Active Older Adults, Martin S. Dietze-Hermosa, Samuel Montalvo, Lance Gruber, Lizette Terrazas, Matthew Gonzalez, Sandor Dorgo

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The modified Functional Movement ScreenTM (mFMS), an adapted form of the traditional FMS for older adults, consists of a battery of tests aiming at identifying areas of movement deficiency. Prompt identification of movement deficiency can help exercise practitioners create a tailored program to improve these limitations. PURPOSE: To establish normative values for the mFMS in healthy active older adults. METHODS: There were 141 individuals (56 males and 85 females; mean age ± SD: age 69.51 ± 7.41 years) who participated in the study. Participants performed an 8-10 minute warm-up at a self-selected pace on a treadmill or stationary bike ...


Changes In Health And Physical Fitness Parameters After 6 Months Of High-Intensity Group Exercise In Firefighters: Preliminary Data, Matthew L. Sokoloski, Ryan A. Gordon, Gena D. Guerin, Isaac F. Rowland, Emily L. Zumbro, C Ryan Bachik, B Rhett Rigby Feb 2019

Changes In Health And Physical Fitness Parameters After 6 Months Of High-Intensity Group Exercise In Firefighters: Preliminary Data, Matthew L. Sokoloski, Ryan A. Gordon, Gena D. Guerin, Isaac F. Rowland, Emily L. Zumbro, C Ryan Bachik, B Rhett Rigby

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The physical demands of firefighting require the men and women employed in this profession to be in optimal physical condition to perform their jobs proficiently, as well as to mitigate the risk of injury. Every year, the city of Addison, TX, budgets many thousands of dollars to the compensation plan for first responders. Most of the funding is used for rehabilitation services due to work related injuries. PURPOSE: While many of these injuries are unavoidable due to the inherent risks of the profession, ensuring proper physical fitness is one of the most effective methods to reduce many of these impairments ...


Validity Of Four-Compartment Model Body Fat Using Single- Or Multi-Frequency Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis To Estimate Body Water, M. Lane Moore, Marqui L. Benavides, Jacob R. Dellinger, Brian T. Adamson, Claire P. Underwood, Tyler C. Dierolf, Grant M. Tinsley Feb 2019

Validity Of Four-Compartment Model Body Fat Using Single- Or Multi-Frequency Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis To Estimate Body Water, M. Lane Moore, Marqui L. Benavides, Jacob R. Dellinger, Brian T. Adamson, Claire P. Underwood, Tyler C. Dierolf, Grant M. Tinsley

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Most common body composition assessment techniques make assumptions about the body, including the density and hydration of fat-free mass (FFM). An advantage of the four-compartment (4C) model is the ability to take these FFM characteristics into account when assessing body composition, thus reducing potential error. The total body water (TBW) estimate utilized in 4C models is particularly important due to the large contribution of water to an adult human’s total body mass (~40 - 70%) and FFM (~68 - 81%); however, the impact of utilizing different estimates of TBW within 4C model has not been fully explored. PURPOSE: The purpose of ...


Comparison Of Regional Body Composition Estimates Obtained From Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry And Single-Frequency Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis, Jacob Dellinger, M. Lane Moore, Marqui L. Benavides, Tyler C. Dierolf, Brian T. Adamson, Claire P. Underwood, Grant M. Tinsley Feb 2019

Comparison Of Regional Body Composition Estimates Obtained From Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry And Single-Frequency Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis, Jacob Dellinger, M. Lane Moore, Marqui L. Benavides, Tyler C. Dierolf, Brian T. Adamson, Claire P. Underwood, Grant M. Tinsley

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

The anatomical distribution of fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) is significant for health and athletic performance. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is often used for regional body composition analysis but is not portable, often inaccessible, and costly, while single-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (SFBIA) is a more affordable and accessible alternative. PURPOSE: The purpose of this analysis was to compare regional body composition estimates obtained via DXA and SFBIA. METHODS: After an overnight food and fluid fast, 102 adults (64 F, 38 M; age: 29.2 ± 13.4 y; BMI: 24.3 ± 3.9 kg/m2; BF%: 24.6 ...


Validity Of Infrared 3-Dimensional Scanning For Estimation Of Body Composition: A 4-Compartment Model Comparison, Brian T. Adamson, Jacob R. Dellinger, Marqui L. Benavides, M. Lane Moore, Claire P. Underwood, Tyler C. Dierolf, Grant M. Tinsley Feb 2019

Validity Of Infrared 3-Dimensional Scanning For Estimation Of Body Composition: A 4-Compartment Model Comparison, Brian T. Adamson, Jacob R. Dellinger, Marqui L. Benavides, M. Lane Moore, Claire P. Underwood, Tyler C. Dierolf, Grant M. Tinsley

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Multiple infrared 3-dimensional (3D) scanning technologies exist, including time of flight (ToF) scanners and structured light scanners with static (SL-S) and dynamic (SL-D) configurations. ToF scanners measure depth by using the round-trip time of reflected photons, whereas SL scanners measure deformations in light patterns and allow for creation of a depth image using geometric triangulation. Recently, 3D scanning technologies have been proposed as novel methods of body composition assessment. PURPOSE: The purpose of this analysis was to examine the validity of four different commercially-available 3D scanners for estimation of body fat percentage (BF%) as compared to a 4-compartment (4C) model ...


The Effect Of Varying High-Intensity Interval Training Style Warm-Ups On Hemodynamic, Power, And Flexibility Responses, Nelson Wise, Orlando Cepeda, Klarissa Ybarra, Brenda Palma, Brianna Lopez, Manuel Nunez, Ezra Meza, Alexandria Hinojosa, Amanda Hankins, Murat Karabulut Feb 2019

The Effect Of Varying High-Intensity Interval Training Style Warm-Ups On Hemodynamic, Power, And Flexibility Responses, Nelson Wise, Orlando Cepeda, Klarissa Ybarra, Brenda Palma, Brianna Lopez, Manuel Nunez, Ezra Meza, Alexandria Hinojosa, Amanda Hankins, Murat Karabulut

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) style warm-up on hemodynamic, power, and flexibility responses. METHODS: Twelve male subjects (age: 24.15 ± 3.1 yr. & weight: 78.78 ± 16.83 kg) completed the study. On the first day, initial screening, anthropometric measures, and familiarization with testing procedures were completed. There were a total of 6 randomized testing sessions (separated by at least 48 hours.). The testing sessions were as follows: 3-min warm-up session with 20 sec work followed by 10 sec (C1), 3-min warm-up session with 30 sec work followed by ...


The Effect Of Physiological Performance Variables On 3000m Times In Collegiate Mid-Distance And Distance Runners, A. Zubko, S. Davis, M. Miltenberger, C. Witmer May 2018

The Effect Of Physiological Performance Variables On 3000m Times In Collegiate Mid-Distance And Distance Runners, A. Zubko, S. Davis, M. Miltenberger, C. Witmer

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Effects Of A Short-Term Neuromuscular Training Program On Jump Performance And Landing Mechanics, T. Whitacre, C. Toland, K. Clark May 2018

Effects Of A Short-Term Neuromuscular Training Program On Jump Performance And Landing Mechanics, T. Whitacre, C. Toland, K. Clark

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Validity Of The Fitbit Charge Hr2 For Measuring Step Count And Heart Rate During Exercise, E. Vosburg, D. Zaichenko, S. Knittle, G. Sforzo, F. Micale, J. Crawford, A. Lavoie, S. Harenberg May 2018

Validity Of The Fitbit Charge Hr2 For Measuring Step Count And Heart Rate During Exercise, E. Vosburg, D. Zaichenko, S. Knittle, G. Sforzo, F. Micale, J. Crawford, A. Lavoie, S. Harenberg

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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The Effects Of Aerobic, Concurrent, And Resistance Exercise On Compensatory Eating Behaviors, M. Takacs, S. Munford, C. Witmer, E. Sauers May 2018

The Effects Of Aerobic, Concurrent, And Resistance Exercise On Compensatory Eating Behaviors, M. Takacs, S. Munford, C. Witmer, E. Sauers

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Effects Of Fatigue Induced By Intermittent Running On Muscular Strength, Power, And Glycogen Content, R. Stump, E. Pletcher, C. Connaboy, K. Allison, M. Lovalekar, M. Darnell, T. Nagai May 2018

Effects Of Fatigue Induced By Intermittent Running On Muscular Strength, Power, And Glycogen Content, R. Stump, E. Pletcher, C. Connaboy, K. Allison, M. Lovalekar, M. Darnell, T. Nagai

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Effects Of Different Exercise Modalities On Executive Cognitive Function, N. Sprunk, D. Ault, B. Beatty, L. Dietz, J. Gould, P. Graczyk, A. Moldovan, A. Negron, P. Prins, M. Shannon, A. Steimling, T. White May 2018

Effects Of Different Exercise Modalities On Executive Cognitive Function, N. Sprunk, D. Ault, B. Beatty, L. Dietz, J. Gould, P. Graczyk, A. Moldovan, A. Negron, P. Prins, M. Shannon, A. Steimling, T. White

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Association Between Aerobic Combat Swimming Performance And Anaerobic Kicking Power In Adult Fitness Swimmers, J. Snyder, A. Beethe, T. Nagai, E. Nagle, M. Schmidt, C. Connaboy, M. Lovalekar, J. Abt, S. Lephart, B. Nindl May 2018

Association Between Aerobic Combat Swimming Performance And Anaerobic Kicking Power In Adult Fitness Swimmers, J. Snyder, A. Beethe, T. Nagai, E. Nagle, M. Schmidt, C. Connaboy, M. Lovalekar, J. Abt, S. Lephart, B. Nindl

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Six-Week Pilates Program Improved Postural Stability, Balance, And Isometric Back Strength In College-Aged Athletes, M. Smith, T. Mitcheltree, S. Kieffer, D. Miller May 2018

Six-Week Pilates Program Improved Postural Stability, Balance, And Isometric Back Strength In College-Aged Athletes, M. Smith, T. Mitcheltree, S. Kieffer, D. Miller

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Association Of Body Composition To Aerobic Capacity And Swimming Performance In Adult Fitness Swimmers, M. Schmidt, E. Nagle, T. Nagai, A. Beethe, M. Lovalekar, C. Connaboy, J. Abt, S. Lephart, B. Nindl May 2018

Association Of Body Composition To Aerobic Capacity And Swimming Performance In Adult Fitness Swimmers, M. Schmidt, E. Nagle, T. Nagai, A. Beethe, M. Lovalekar, C. Connaboy, J. Abt, S. Lephart, B. Nindl

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Assessing The Impact Of Body Fat Percentage And Lean Mass, On Wingate Performance, R. Sanders, A. Bosak, M. Sokoloski, H. Nelson, J. Kelly, J. Feister May 2018

Assessing The Impact Of Body Fat Percentage And Lean Mass, On Wingate Performance, R. Sanders, A. Bosak, M. Sokoloski, H. Nelson, J. Kelly, J. Feister

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Effects Of An Acute Bout Of Moderate And Vigorous Exercise In College Students With Anxiety, N. Rodriguez, N. Mcclement, K. Storti, M. Paternostro Bayles May 2018

Effects Of An Acute Bout Of Moderate And Vigorous Exercise In College Students With Anxiety, N. Rodriguez, N. Mcclement, K. Storti, M. Paternostro Bayles

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Assessing The Impact Of A Governed Focal Point On Broad Jump Performance In Collegiate Females, M. Phillips, R. Sanders, J. Feister, A. Bosak, H. Nelson, R. Lowell, B. Ziebell May 2018

Assessing The Impact Of A Governed Focal Point On Broad Jump Performance In Collegiate Females, M. Phillips, R. Sanders, J. Feister, A. Bosak, H. Nelson, R. Lowell, B. Ziebell

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Improvement In High School 1600-Meter Run Times Within And Between Seasons, T. O'Toole, M. Wortley May 2018

Improvement In High School 1600-Meter Run Times Within And Between Seasons, T. O'Toole, M. Wortley

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Promoting Exercise Performance In Adults With Intellectual Disabilities Through Visual Schedules And Systematic Prompting, H. Novak, K. Quigley, A. Gerson, I. Obrusnikova May 2018

Promoting Exercise Performance In Adults With Intellectual Disabilities Through Visual Schedules And Systematic Prompting, H. Novak, K. Quigley, A. Gerson, I. Obrusnikova

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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An Assessment Of A 15 Vs. 30 Second Recovery Period On Vertical Jump Performance, H. Nelson, A. Bosak, R. Lowell, B. Ziebell, R. Sanders, J. Feister, M. Phillips May 2018

An Assessment Of A 15 Vs. 30 Second Recovery Period On Vertical Jump Performance, H. Nelson, A. Bosak, R. Lowell, B. Ziebell, R. Sanders, J. Feister, M. Phillips

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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Effects Of Caffeine On The Muscular Endurance, Perceived Pain, And Effort Of Resistance Trained Women, A. Naugle, S. Bartlam, A. Fiorentini, R. Pressl, M. Bayles, H. Gerhart, K. Storti, M. Sloniger May 2018

Effects Of Caffeine On The Muscular Endurance, Perceived Pain, And Effort Of Resistance Trained Women, A. Naugle, S. Bartlam, A. Fiorentini, R. Pressl, M. Bayles, H. Gerhart, K. Storti, M. Sloniger

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

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