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Full-Text Articles in Education

Walking The Talk: Promoting Middle School Philosophy By Embracing Student Voices, Rick Marlatt Dec 2018

Walking The Talk: Promoting Middle School Philosophy By Embracing Student Voices, Rick Marlatt

Middle Grades Review

This practitioner perspective responds to recent scholarship calling for reinvigorating middle level education by suggesting that the purposeful inclusion of student voices in collaborative learning activities can help educators champion the academic and social growth of early adolescents. The recent practicum experience of a preservice candidate who prioritized the voices of her students illustrates the promotion of democratic education, innovation, and social justice in middle level education.


Computational Thinking Integration Into Middle Grades Science Classrooms: Strategies For Meeting The Challenges, Danielle Cadieux Boulden, Eric Wiebe, Bita Akram, Osman Aksit, Philip Sheridan Buffum, Bradford Mott, Kristy Elizabeth Boyer, James Lester Dec 2018

Computational Thinking Integration Into Middle Grades Science Classrooms: Strategies For Meeting The Challenges, Danielle Cadieux Boulden, Eric Wiebe, Bita Akram, Osman Aksit, Philip Sheridan Buffum, Bradford Mott, Kristy Elizabeth Boyer, James Lester

Middle Grades Review

This paper reports findings from the efforts of a university-based research team as they worked with middle school educators within formal school structures to infuse computer science principles and computational thinking practices. Despite the need to integrate these skills within regular classroom practices to allow all students the opportunity to learn these essential 21st Century skills, prior practice has been to offer these learning experiences outside of mainstream curricula where only a subset of students have access. We have sought to leverage elements of the research-practice partnership framework to achieve our project objectives of integrating computer science and computational thinking ...


Southern Disclosure: One Southern-And-Queer Middle School Teacher’S Narrative, Jonathan M. Coker, Leia K. Cain Dec 2018

Southern Disclosure: One Southern-And-Queer Middle School Teacher’S Narrative, Jonathan M. Coker, Leia K. Cain

Middle Grades Review

This narrative inquiry is an autoethnographical account of one queer-identified middle school teacher's career trajectory in the southern United States, and his struggle to navigate disclosure of his identity to students. Using a qualitative lens, the authors provide reasoning for the importance of middle school educators to have the ability to disclose their identities to students in order to cultivate an environment that is receptive to LGBTQ+ adolescents.


The Education Of Escobar Cruz: Sports, Identity And Masculinity In Middle School, Eligio Martinez Jr. Dec 2018

The Education Of Escobar Cruz: Sports, Identity And Masculinity In Middle School, Eligio Martinez Jr.

Middle Grades Review

Some assert that middle school should be the stage in an individual’s educational trajectory where they begin to make plans for the future. For many young men of color, middle school becomes a stage where they begin to get off track academically. This is the story of Escobar Cruz, a young Latino male student, and his navigation through the 7th grade attempting to figure out who he is and who he wants to become. Escobar must choose between listening to his English Language Arts teacher or his peers and soccer coach and make decisions that will impact his future ...


A Critical Exploratory Analysis Of Black Girls' Achievement In 8th Grade U.S. History, Jemimah Lea Young, Marquita D. Foster, Donna M. Druery Dec 2018

A Critical Exploratory Analysis Of Black Girls' Achievement In 8th Grade U.S. History, Jemimah Lea Young, Marquita D. Foster, Donna M. Druery

Middle Grades Review

The purpose of this study was to utilize an ethnically homogeneous design to examine Black female student U.S. History content-specific knowledge. The study aims to elucidate the importance of single-group analyses as an alternative to between-group comparative designs. The present study utilized a critical, quantitative, descriptive research design to examine the achievement of Black girls in U.S. History from a strength-based and growth-focused perspective. The study contributes to the literature on Black girls’ achievement by applying a quantitative approach to intersectional research. This study utilized two subsamples of Black 8th grade girls from the 2006 and 2010 ...


Educating For Equity: Editorial Remarks, Penny A. Bishop, James F. Nagle Dec 2018

Educating For Equity: Editorial Remarks, Penny A. Bishop, James F. Nagle

Middle Grades Review

No abstract provided.


Middle Grades Democratic Education In Neoliberal Times: Examining Youth Social Action Projects As A Path Forward, Jessica Demink-Carthew Sep 2018

Middle Grades Democratic Education In Neoliberal Times: Examining Youth Social Action Projects As A Path Forward, Jessica Demink-Carthew

Middle Grades Review

Although democratic education has long been considered a cornerstone of the developmentally responsive middle school model, current neoliberal priorities in education pose a particular threat to the democratic purpose of education. Due to their emphasis on student voice and civic engagement, youth social action projects present one opportunity to preserve democratic education as a focal point of the middle school concept. In this article, I offer a case description of a middle grades youth social action project. Incorporating student perspectives, I then critically examine the extent to which the project was successful in its goal of promoting student voice and ...


Policing And Middle School: An Evaluation Of A Statewide School Resource Officer Policy, Kenneth Alonzo Anderson Sep 2018

Policing And Middle School: An Evaluation Of A Statewide School Resource Officer Policy, Kenneth Alonzo Anderson

Middle Grades Review

This study investigates the effectiveness of North Carolina Senate Bill 402, Section 8.36 – Grants for School Resource Officers in Elementary and Middle Schools, which provides matching state funds to districts for use in middle and elementary schools. Using generalized difference-in-difference and negative binomial hurdle regression designs, seven years of data—inclusive of 110 districts and 471 middle schools—were analyzed to assess the effectiveness of the state-funded SRO program. Results show that offering matched SRO funds to increase policing and training was not associated with reductions in reported acts (infractions) per school year, a key measure of school safety ...


“Is Sarah A Bully Or A Friend?”: Examining Students’ Text-Based Written Expressions Of Bullying, Elizabeth M. Hughes, Sandra Quiñones Sep 2018

“Is Sarah A Bully Or A Friend?”: Examining Students’ Text-Based Written Expressions Of Bullying, Elizabeth M. Hughes, Sandra Quiñones

Middle Grades Review

Bullying has been recognized as a complex phenomenon with potential for serious negative outcomes. Activities that address complex social situations of bullying, such as reading and writing to a pen pal about fictional literature, provide space for students to think and share about personal issues that they encounter and how characters deal with similar issues in productive ways. For this research, we used a critical literacy lens to explore bullying within the context of language, power and context. This research shares qualitative analysis of letters students wrote to adult pen pals after reading a fictional book with a plot addressing ...


Experiences Of Female Refugee Students From Burma In Multicultural Middle School Classrooms, Matthew C. Mcparker Sep 2018

Experiences Of Female Refugee Students From Burma In Multicultural Middle School Classrooms, Matthew C. Mcparker

Middle Grades Review

In middle school, adolescents are particularly focused on peer interaction to help form their identities. For marginalized students, especially refugees, peer interaction, peer interaction is especially important. To be successful in schools and gain cultural and social capital, refugee students must learn and internalize the specific norms of their classrooms. In multicultural settings, students have ample opportunities for intercultural interactions, which can help refugee students navigate their new settings and become more successful. One of the largest refugee groups entering the United States recently is from Burma. Refugee students face a daunting set of challenges, from language and cultural differences ...


Qualitative Research On Youths’ Social Media Use: A Review Of The Literature, Mardi Schmeichel, Hilary E. Hughes, Mel Kutner Sep 2018

Qualitative Research On Youths’ Social Media Use: A Review Of The Literature, Mardi Schmeichel, Hilary E. Hughes, Mel Kutner

Middle Grades Review

In this article we explore how educational researchers report empirical qualitative research about young people’s social media use. We frame the overall study with an understanding that social media sites contribute to the production of neoliberal subjects, and we draw on Foucauldian discourse theories and the understanding that how researchers explain topics and concepts produces particular ways of thinking about the world while excluding others. Findings include that 1) there is an absence of attention to the structure and function of social media platforms; 2) adolescents are positioned in problematic, developmental ways, and 3) the over-representation of girls and ...


Crossing Mgls With The Middle Grades Research Agenda: A Guide For Researchers, Mark W. Olofson, Penny A. Bishop Sep 2018

Crossing Mgls With The Middle Grades Research Agenda: A Guide For Researchers, Mark W. Olofson, Penny A. Bishop

Middle Grades Review

For the past several years, leaders in middle grades education research have strengthened their call for more methodologically robust quantitative research to address important questions in the field. Recently, two important routes towards addressing this call have emerged: the Middle Grades Longitudinal Study from the National Center for Education Statistics, and a new research agenda from the Middle Level Education Research Special Interest Group of the American Educational Research Association. In this paper, we conduct a content analysis of the items in the forthcoming longitudinal study in light of the extant research agenda. Results indicate that research questions in eight ...


A Call For Self-Study In Middle Level Teacher Education, Karynne L. M. Kleine, Kristina N. Falbe, Joanne L. Previts Sep 2018

A Call For Self-Study In Middle Level Teacher Education, Karynne L. M. Kleine, Kristina N. Falbe, Joanne L. Previts

Middle Grades Review

To promote dialogue and in response to calls for rigorous, large-scale, empirical studies as the standard that will move the field of middle level education forward, a collaborative of middle level teacher researchers submit three counterpoints to the appeals for consideration by the research community: 1) the power of the insights the authors’ gained from using the alternative research method of self-study; 2) the authenticity of using alternative research methods that mirror the uniqueness of a field predicated on the distinctiveness of educating diverse young adolescents; and 3) a reframing of “generalizability” from a “results” perspective to one of generalizability ...


Quantitative And Qualitative Research For Middle Grades Education: Editorial Remarks, James F. Nagle Sep 2018

Quantitative And Qualitative Research For Middle Grades Education: Editorial Remarks, James F. Nagle

Middle Grades Review

No abstract provided.


Leveraging Technology Toward Family Supports For And Development Of Middle Schoolers, Elizabeth Gil Apr 2018

Leveraging Technology Toward Family Supports For And Development Of Middle Schoolers, Elizabeth Gil

Middle Grades Review

This Practitioner Perspective discusses how sharing a learning space with their parents, college students, and other adult members in a community-based technology program influenced middle school students’ familial support, their own technology knowledge and social capital, sense of membership in a learning community, and identity development. The program’s structure used technology as a starting point to develop skills, but also to aid Latino immigrant families to navigate their children’s schooling experiences.


Evaluating Digital Math Tools In The Field, Fiona M. Hollands, Yilin Pan Apr 2018

Evaluating Digital Math Tools In The Field, Fiona M. Hollands, Yilin Pan

Middle Grades Review

Many school districts have adopted digital tools to supplement or replace teacher-led instruction, usually based on the premise that these tools can provide more personalized or individualized experiences for students and at lower cost. Rigorously evaluating whether such initiatives promote better student outcomes in the field is difficult as most schools and teachers are unwilling to enforce rigorous study designs such as randomized control trials. We used study designs that were feasible in practice to assess whether two digital math tools, eSpark and IXL, were associated with improvements in 3rd – 6th grade student test scores in math. We also investigated ...


Exploring Culturally Responsive Teaching And Student-Created Videos In An At-Risk Middle School Classroom, Hannah Mackay, Martha J. Strickland Apr 2018

Exploring Culturally Responsive Teaching And Student-Created Videos In An At-Risk Middle School Classroom, Hannah Mackay, Martha J. Strickland

Middle Grades Review

As the United States public school classrooms encounter notable shifts in student demographics and increased access to technology, teachers face the dual challenges of cultural and digital differences as they attempt to build relationships with students and develop responsive and relevant instruction. Framed by culturally responsive teaching, this qualitative study explored how one middle school teacher and his students in two summer school English classes interacted with and responded to novel technology-based instructional approach that sought to connect the students’ lives outside of school to the classroom. The findings suggest that involving the students within this culturally responsive teaching approach ...


Student Experiences Of Technology Integration In School Subjects: A Comparison Across Four Middle Schools, Joan E. Hughes, Michelle F. Read Apr 2018

Student Experiences Of Technology Integration In School Subjects: A Comparison Across Four Middle Schools, Joan E. Hughes, Michelle F. Read

Middle Grades Review

This research examined student perspectives on their in-school, subject specific, technology use in four U.S. public schools. Considering students’ perspectives may provide a significant reframing of adult-created rhetoric of the utopian power of digital technologies for changing teaching and learning. A survey and focus group interviews were administered to 6th and 7th students (n=1,544) in four public middle schools, with varying demographics, that rely on local funding. These four schools revealed moderate use of many well-established digital technologies, such as word processing, presentation software, and quiz games. Students voiced outright hatred for teacher-directed PowerPoint-supported lectures ...


“Just Don’T Bore Us To Death”: Seventh Graders’ Perceptions Of Flipping A Technology-Mediated English Language Arts Unit, Clarice M. Moran Apr 2018

“Just Don’T Bore Us To Death”: Seventh Graders’ Perceptions Of Flipping A Technology-Mediated English Language Arts Unit, Clarice M. Moran

Middle Grades Review

This mixed methods study aimed to assess student engagement during the flipped model of instruction in two seventh-grade English language arts (ELA) classrooms. Implementation of the flipped model required students (n=183) and teachers (n=2) to use digital technology via a website and teacher-made videos. It compared student perceptions during a flipped unit to those same students’ perceptions during a traditionally taught unit. A hybrid embedded design and case study interviews were used to assess students’ cognitive, emotional, and behavioral engagement. Data analysis revealed that overall student engagement decreased in the flipped unit and that students were divided in ...


Mediators Of Inequity: Online Literate Activity In Two Eighth Grade English Language Arts Classes, Sonia M. Kline, Sarah J. Mccarthey Apr 2018

Mediators Of Inequity: Online Literate Activity In Two Eighth Grade English Language Arts Classes, Sonia M. Kline, Sarah J. Mccarthey

Middle Grades Review

This comparative case study, framed by Cultural Historical Activity Theory and sociocultural understandings of literacy, investigated students’ online literate activity in two eighth grade English Language Arts classes taught by the same teacher - one with a scripted literacy curriculum and the other without. During a year-long research project, we used ethnographic methods to explore the nature of middle school students’ literate activity in each of these classes, with particular attention to the mediators evident as students engaged in online literate activity. Specifically, this article addresses the following research question: What mediators were evident within and across each of the classes ...


Extending The Research On 1:1 Technology Integration In Middle Schools: A Call For Using Institutional Theory In Educational Technology Research, Alexandra J. Lamb, Jennie M. Weiner Apr 2018

Extending The Research On 1:1 Technology Integration In Middle Schools: A Call For Using Institutional Theory In Educational Technology Research, Alexandra J. Lamb, Jennie M. Weiner

Middle Grades Review

In this essay, we argue institutional lenses are a vital but largely missing part of understanding how 1:1 technology programs can effect change in teaching and learning in middle schools. Indeed, while current research highlights the positive effects technology integration efforts, and 1:1 programs in particular, have on student learning and engagement, much has focused on the knowledge, skills, and beliefs of individuals or groups of actors. There is less research considering how the institutional context may impact teacher and administrator behavior regarding these and other technology-focused efforts thus limiting our ability to fully support schools and teachers ...


Defining Technology For Learning: Cognitive And Physical Tools Of Inquiry, Connor K. Warner, Clare V. Bell, Arthur Louis Odom Apr 2018

Defining Technology For Learning: Cognitive And Physical Tools Of Inquiry, Connor K. Warner, Clare V. Bell, Arthur Louis Odom

Middle Grades Review

This essay explores definitions of technology and educational technology. The authors argue the following points: 1. Educational stakeholders, and the public at large, use the term technology as though it has a universally agreed upon definition. It does not, and how technology is defined matters. 2. For technology in schools to support student learning, it must to be defined in a way that describes technology as a tool for problem-solving. 3. Integration of technology, particularly when paired with teacher-centered practices, has the potential of reinforcing and heightening the negative consequences of a conception of learning that positions students as recipients ...


Technology For Learning In The Middle Grades: Editorial Remarks, Penny A. Bishop, James F. Nagle Apr 2018

Technology For Learning In The Middle Grades: Editorial Remarks, Penny A. Bishop, James F. Nagle

Middle Grades Review

No abstract provided.