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2009

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Editorial: Un(Precedent)Ed, Robert Sweeny Dec 2009

Editorial: Un(Precedent)Ed, Robert Sweeny

Journal of Social Theory in Art Education

The 30th Volume of The Journal of Social Theory in Art Education is unprecedented, in many ways. First the theme is unprecedented, or, rather, Un(predecedent)ED. This typographical wordplay, quite common throughout the history of JSTAE, troubles habitual readings of the term, allowing for interpretations that open up possibilities, however brief, for new forms of research, theorizing and artmaking. These are just a few of the interpretations of the volume theme, which each of the authors addresses in a unique manner. Some approach the theme head on, while others choose a more oblique angle of analysis and exploration. Some ...


Parts Of The Whole: Observing The State Of The System, Dorothy Wallace Dec 2009

Parts Of The Whole: Observing The State Of The System, Dorothy Wallace

Numeracy

This column draws on the approach of statistician J. Edwards Deming to analyze sources and consequences of variation in an education system. Educational systems are not immune from the effects of poor statistical control, which makes it difficult for teachers to teach effectively and for managers such as principals to improve on school performance. It is also argued that the need for statistical control in these areas is in tension, if not outright conflict, with our goals for educating students.


Two Popular Books For Quantitative Literacy: What The Numbers Say, And The Numbers Game, Robert G. Root Dec 2009

Two Popular Books For Quantitative Literacy: What The Numbers Say, And The Numbers Game, Robert G. Root

Numeracy

Niederman, Derrick, and Boyum, David. What the Numbers Say: A Field Guide to Mastering Our Numerical World. (New York: Broadway Books/Random House, 2003). 288 pp. Hardcover, ISBN 978-0-7679-0998-3. Paperback, 978-0-7679-0999-0. Available as an eBook.

Blastland, Michael, and Dilnot, Andrew. The Numbers Game: The Commonsense Guide to Understanding Numbers in the News, in Politics and in Life. (New York: Gotham Books/Penguin, 2009). 192 pp. Hardcover, ISBN 978-1-5924-0423-0. Paperback, ISBN 978-1-5924-0485-8. Available as an eBook.

Popular books on quantitative literacy need to be easy to read, reasonably comprehensive in scope, and include examples that are thought-provoking and memorable. In contrast ...


Numeracy: Open-Access Publishing To Reduce The Cost Of Scholarly Journals, Todd A. Chavez Dec 2009

Numeracy: Open-Access Publishing To Reduce The Cost Of Scholarly Journals, Todd A. Chavez

Numeracy

Each fiscal year, as academic librarians throughout the United States prepare materials budgets, a national “groan” ensues. Regardless of their format (i.e. print or digital), serial subscription costs are escalating, in the process impacting the role of the library in advancing scholarly communication . This paper examines some of the economic issues concerning open-access (OA) journal publishing. The importance of quantitative literacy is suggested for librarians and academics seeking a better understanding of alternatives to traditional journal subscription models and to anyone considering ventures into OA publishing. Quantitative literacy is essential for managing alternatives to the rising cost of scholarly ...


College Algebra In Context: A Project Incorporating Social Issues, Michael T. Catalano Dec 2009

College Algebra In Context: A Project Incorporating Social Issues, Michael T. Catalano

Numeracy

This paper discusses the development of an innovative college algebra text designed for use in a data-driven, activity-oriented college algebra course, incorporating realistic problem situations emphasizing social and economic issues, including hunger and poverty, energy, and the environment. The course incorporates quantitative literacy themes, is informed by existing college algebra texts within the college algebra reform movement, and implements a collaborative pedagogical approach intended to provide future K-12 teachers an alternative model for the teaching of mathematics. The paper contains a short history of the project development phase, supported by an NSF grant (DUE #0442979), as well as the perceived ...


An Activity Promoting The Practice Of Quantitative Literacy For Pre– And In–Service Teachers Of Mathematics And Science, Timothy L. Sorey, Teri Willard, Duane Sholz Dec 2009

An Activity Promoting The Practice Of Quantitative Literacy For Pre– And In–Service Teachers Of Mathematics And Science, Timothy L. Sorey, Teri Willard, Duane Sholz

Numeracy

The purpose of this article is to describe a hands-on, laboratory activity that provided pre-service teachers in mathematics and science methods courses, and also some in-service mathematics teachers, with the opportunity to exercise quantitative literacy (QL) skills. The focus of the activity is electrical resistance, more particularly the resistance (in ohms) that is painted on small resistors by the use of color-coded bands, one of which is a band for % error. The activity consists of four parts. In the first, student teams familiarize themselves with the code, measure the ohmage of resistors for which the codes are visible, and compare ...


Are Statistics Labs Worth The Effort?--Comparison Of Introductory Statistics Courses Using Different Teaching Methods, Jose H. Guardiola, Nadina Duran-Hutchings, Hassan Elsalloukh Dec 2009

Are Statistics Labs Worth The Effort?--Comparison Of Introductory Statistics Courses Using Different Teaching Methods, Jose H. Guardiola, Nadina Duran-Hutchings, Hassan Elsalloukh

Numeracy

This paper compares the academic performance of students in three similar elementary statistics courses taught by the same instructor, but with the lab component differing among the three. One course is traditionally taught without a lab component; the second with a lab component using scenarios and an extensive use of technology, but without explicit coordination between lab and lecture; and the third using a lab component with an extensive use of technology that carefully coordinates the lab with the lecture. Extensive use of technology means, in this context, using Minitab software in the lab section, doing homework and quizzes using ...


Envisioning A Quantitative Studies Center: A Liberal Arts Perspective, Gizem Karaali, Philip I. Choi, Sara Owsley Sood, Eric B. Grosfils Dec 2009

Envisioning A Quantitative Studies Center: A Liberal Arts Perspective, Gizem Karaali, Philip I. Choi, Sara Owsley Sood, Eric B. Grosfils

Numeracy

Several academic institutions are searching for ways to help students develop their quantitative reasoning abilities and become more adept at higher-level tasks that involve quantitative skills. In this note we study the particular way Pomona College has framed this issue within its own context and what it plans to do about it. To this end we describe our efforts as members of a campus-wide committee that was assigned the duty of investigating the feasibility of founding a quantitative studies center on our campus. These efforts involved analysis of data collected through a faculty questionnaire, discipline-specific input obtained from each departmental ...


A Rubric For Assessing Quantitative Reasoning In Written Arguments, Nathan D. Grawe, Neil S. Lutsky, Christopher J. Tassava Dec 2009

A Rubric For Assessing Quantitative Reasoning In Written Arguments, Nathan D. Grawe, Neil S. Lutsky, Christopher J. Tassava

Numeracy

This paper introduces a rubric for assessing QR in student papers and analyzes the inter-rater reliability of the instrument based on a reading session involving 11 participants. Despite the disciplinary diversity of the group (which included a faculty member from the arts and literature, two staff members, and representatives from five natural and social science departments), the rubric produced reliable measures of QR use and proficiency in a sample of student papers. Readers agreed on the relevance and extent of QR in 75.0 and 81.9 percent of cases respectively (corresponding to Cohen’s κ= 0.611 and 0 ...


Confessions Of A Weak Tie, Joel Best Dec 2009

Confessions Of A Weak Tie, Joel Best

Numeracy

No abstract provided.


Five Thousand Downloads, H L Vacher Dec 2009

Five Thousand Downloads, H L Vacher

Numeracy

No abstract provided.


Editorial Introduction, Catherine F. Compton-Lilly Dec 2009

Editorial Introduction, Catherine F. Compton-Lilly

Networks: An Online Journal for Teacher Research

As the editor for Networks, I often get questions from authors and reviewers about what we look for in high-quality submissions. In this column, I identify some of the criteria that we consider as we make decisions about sending articles out to reviewers and contemplate publication. Networks publishes three types of peer-reviewed submissions: full-length articles, shorter articles, and book reviews.


Improving Critical Thinking Skills In History, Carl Kosta Savich Dec 2009

Improving Critical Thinking Skills In History, Carl Kosta Savich

Networks: An Online Journal for Teacher Research

This action research project, conducted by a classroom teacher, investigated strategies and techniques to improve critical thinking skills and engagement in a high school history classroom. The research methods involved comparing quiz, test, and essay scores as well as student surveys, interviews and teacher-created field notes from inquiry-based and lecturebased classrooms. The inquiry classroom involved role-playing, simulations, re-enactments, multiple text analysis, and oral/visual presentations. Students engaged in analyzing bias, examining different viewpoints and perspectives, and analyzing documents. The findings indicate that when critical thinking skills were emphasized and integrated in lesson planning, students achieved higher scores on tests, quizzes ...


An Analysis Of Educational Programming For And Learning Outcomes, Abigail Marie Felber Dec 2009

An Analysis Of Educational Programming For And Learning Outcomes, Abigail Marie Felber

Networks: An Online Journal for Teacher Research

In order to better understand the educational outcomes of English language learners enrolled in two distinct programs at this school, the researcher, a 4th/5th grade bilingual teacher, studied leading research in the field of bilingual education, administered and analyzed assessments and interviewed participants’ families as well as colleagues. The premise of the study was to compare literacy levels of two sample groups—six students who received instruction solely in English and six students who received instruction both in English and Spanish. All students were Latino, and Spanish was the predominate language spoken in their homes. Study findings revealed that ...


Expanding The Zone Of Reflective Capacity: Taking Separate Journeys Together, Ron Tinsley, Kimberly Lebak Dec 2009

Expanding The Zone Of Reflective Capacity: Taking Separate Journeys Together, Ron Tinsley, Kimberly Lebak

Networks: An Online Journal for Teacher Research

The Master of Arts in Education program at our college began in 2004 and was designed to help practicing teachers become more effective and insightful teachers through developing both their content and pedagogical knowledge and helping them to incorporate this new knowledge into their daily practices. The program was designed to culminate in a capstone project. Capstone projects have been used in graduate education as a culmination to the learning experience. The capstone course has been found to be instrumental in helping graduate students “connect theory to practice in a meaningful and collaborative way” (Brown & Bensen, 2005, p. 679). The ...


A Starting Point For Practitioner Inquiry: A Review Of The Reflective Educator’S Guide To Classroom Research, Christopher B. Crowley Dec 2009

A Starting Point For Practitioner Inquiry: A Review Of The Reflective Educator’S Guide To Classroom Research, Christopher B. Crowley

Networks: An Online Journal for Teacher Research

In first part of this essay, I will introduce my discussion of The Reflective Educator’s Guide to Classroom Research by describing my general impressions of the book. Next, I will provide a brief overview of the book and its main ideas. Finally, I will discuss some critical considerations that I believe are worth considering when discussing practitioner inquiry.


The Inclusive Secondary Teacher: The Leaders’ Perspective, Michelle Pearce, Jan Gray, Glenda Campbell-Evans Dec 2009

The Inclusive Secondary Teacher: The Leaders’ Perspective, Michelle Pearce, Jan Gray, Glenda Campbell-Evans

Australian Journal of Teacher Education

Australian legislation and policies over the last fifteen years have reinforced the rights of students with disabilities to be included in mainstream classrooms. To make this a reality, change has been necessary in a number of areas such as teacher knowledge, resource allocation, curriculum reform, and support services. This paper presents a profile of an inclusive secondary school teacher from the perspective of Australian educational leaders. A qualitative methodology was used in this study. Fifty leaders in inclusive education across Australia were interviewed. Shulman’s (1986) model of teacher knowledge was used to analyse and report the data. The paper ...


Culturally Responsive Communicative Teaching (Crclt): A New Alternative For Efl Teachers In China And Other Non-English Speaking Countries, Yi Lin Dec 2009

Culturally Responsive Communicative Teaching (Crclt): A New Alternative For Efl Teachers In China And Other Non-English Speaking Countries, Yi Lin

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This paper proposes Culturally Responsive Communicative Teaching (CRCLT) as an innovative, alternative approach to meeting the specific cultural contexts and individual students’ needs in non-English-speaking countries. The paper not only contains a comprehensive theoretical framework of the proposed approach, but also offers practical recommendations based on the author’s reading of the literature and professional experience as an EFL teacher in China. The author believes such a study will contribute to EFL teachers’ knowledge of a promising approach which can be adapted to specific cultural contexts and encourage more exploration for new alternatives in teaching EFL in non-English-speaking countries.

Cet ...


Cie Journal / Revue Eci 2009 Referees / Critiques Dec 2009

Cie Journal / Revue Eci 2009 Referees / Critiques

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


Perceptions Of Jordanian Secondary Schools Teachers Towardscritical Thinking, Osamah Bataineh, Khaled F. Alazzi Dec 2009

Perceptions Of Jordanian Secondary Schools Teachers Towardscritical Thinking, Osamah Bataineh, Khaled F. Alazzi

International Education

The purpose of this study was to discover themes or concepts, generated from the collected data, that formed building blocks of grounded theory in the study of secondary school social studies teachers’ perspectives. This research study was conducted in Jordan, where secondary school social studies teachers were interviewed regarding their perspectives of teaching critical thinking skills in their classrooms. All interviews were audio-taped in Arabic and later translated into English. Data, including the translation of the audio, video tapes, the Ministry of Education guidelines, and textbook teacher manuals were analyzed qualitatively. The study results indicated that Jordanian secondary school social ...


Seeing The Future: Biology Research Allows Undergraduates New Insight Into Their Own Futures, Merideth Krevosky, Jeffery Bowen Dec 2009

Seeing The Future: Biology Research Allows Undergraduates New Insight Into Their Own Futures, Merideth Krevosky, Jeffery Bowen

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Crisis? What Crisis?: Global Recession And Learning At Bridgewater State College, Andrew C. Holman Dec 2009

Crisis? What Crisis?: Global Recession And Learning At Bridgewater State College, Andrew C. Holman

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Presidential Address - Education And Social Development: Global Perspectives, Ali A. Abdi Dec 2009

Presidential Address - Education And Social Development: Global Perspectives, Ali A. Abdi

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

It is generally assumed that education leads to the well-being of societies and individuals, with the type of education intended here, usually representing the general formal systems of schooling that have been globalized throughout the world in the past 120 or so years. Clearly, such education, which replaced informal forms of schooling via the expansion of European colonialism, is not achieving social development for all. In this paper, it is contended that such platforms of learning are historically, culturally and linguistically decontextualizing, in especially current postcolonial countries, and as such, are not fully conducive to social development. It is therefore ...


Are Chinese Students Really Quiet, Passive And Surface Learners? – A Cultural Studies Perspective, Jinyan Huang, Peter Alexander Cowden Dec 2009

Are Chinese Students Really Quiet, Passive And Surface Learners? – A Cultural Studies Perspective, Jinyan Huang, Peter Alexander Cowden

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Research has indicated that Chinese students experience considerable challenges in their academic studies at North American universities. This paper explores Chinese students’ academic learning through cultural studies perspectives by examining the concept of identity; cultural and linguistic context; Chinese students as quiet and passive learners; different classroom teaching methods experienced in both cultures; surface learners vs. deep learners; different culture worlds; and the concept of social communicative competence. It is argued that quiet, passive and surface learners are perhaps incorrect descriptors of Chinese students who are studying at North American Universities. Important educational implications are discussed.

Plusieurs recherches montrent que ...


Corruption And Reform In Higher Education In Ukraine, Ararat L. Osipian Dec 2009

Corruption And Reform In Higher Education In Ukraine, Ararat L. Osipian

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

At least thirty percent of Ukrainians enter colleges by paying bribes while many others use their connections with the faculty and administration. Corruption increases inequalities in access to higher education, prevents future economic growth in the country, and undermines quality and credentials of academic degrees. This paper considers corruption in higher education in Ukraine, including such aspects as corruption in admissions to higher education institutions and corruption in administering the newly introduced standardized test. The reform of higher education in Ukraine, based on the national examinations, is intended to be a response to the rapidly changing economic environment and the ...


Editor's Notes And Front Matter, Suzanne Majhanovich Dec 2009

Editor's Notes And Front Matter, Suzanne Majhanovich

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


Aboriginal Students And The Delivery Of Citizenship Education, Frank Deer Dec 2009

Aboriginal Students And The Delivery Of Citizenship Education, Frank Deer

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Aboriginal people, one of Canada’s most significant ethnic groups in regard to population and growth, are in crisis. This crisis can be characterized as one of social positioning where conditions of poverty, lack of opportunity, and other elements of marginalization are symptoms. Aboriginals and non-Aboriginal scholars have engaged in numerous discussions regarding what can be described as a struggle for a state of dignity in Canada. Citizenship education, an aspect of contemporary schooling that embraces such notions as equality, tolerance, and social justice, is reputed to provide some direction in regard to how all Canadians can develop and prosper ...


Citizenship Education And Liberal Democratic Change: The Egyptian Case, Abdelhady M. El-Nagar, Eva Krugly-Smolska Dec 2009

Citizenship Education And Liberal Democratic Change: The Egyptian Case, Abdelhady M. El-Nagar, Eva Krugly-Smolska

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

This paper explores citizenship education in Egypt in the context of its current experience in liberal democratic change, especially after the amendment of Egypt's constitution, in March 2007, to include the principle of citizenship in its first article. The paper begins with exploring the meaning of citizenship, the relationship between citizenship and liberal democratic change and the emergence of citizenship education in traditional western democracies. Then it describes the Egyptian case in citizenship education with reference to its modern historical background. Finally it analyzes the effects of political, economic, and social circumstances in Egypt on citizenship education. The study ...


Pour Une Conceptualisation De La Compétence Multiculturelle De L’Enseignant, Mirela Moldoveanu Dec 2009

Pour Une Conceptualisation De La Compétence Multiculturelle De L’Enseignant, Mirela Moldoveanu

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Dans un contexte de professionnalisation des enseignants, la compétence multiculturelle bénéficie d’un statut ambigu et controversé autant dans les discours gouvernementaux que dans la pratique enseignante. En s’appuyant sur des formalisations récentes du concept de compétence, cette étude vise à cerner le sens et le statut de la compétence multiculturelle de l’enseignant. Menée auprès de neuf étudiants-maîtres francophones, cette recherche exploratoire utilisant une méthodologie qualitative interprétative propose une définition de la compétence multiculturelle de l’enseignant et discute du statut à lui accorder parmi les autres compétences professionnelles. Enfin, des suggestions de développement de ladite compétence pendant ...


Teaching Out-Of-Field In Western Australia, Andrew Mcconney, Anne Price Dec 2009

Teaching Out-Of-Field In Western Australia, Andrew Mcconney, Anne Price

Australian Journal of Teacher Education

A former head of the American Federation of Teachers, Albert Shanker, once called out-of-field teaching education’s “dirty little secret” (Ingersoll, 2003, p. 5). The practice of allowing or assigning teachers to teach subjects or year levels for which they do not have any formal qualifications has lead to considerable debate within the educational community. Such concerns over the possible negative impact of out-of-field teaching on students, teachers and the broader school community led the Western Australian College of Teaching (WACOT) to commission an exploratory empirical study of the extent of the phenomenon in Western Australia. This paper presents the ...