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2006

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Articles 1 - 30 of 483

Full-Text Articles in Education

Presidential Address, 2006 Comparative Education In Changing Times: A View With A Southern Exposure, Cecille De Pass Dec 2006

Presidential Address, 2006 Comparative Education In Changing Times: A View With A Southern Exposure, Cecille De Pass

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Adopting a wide angle lens to photograph selected educational vistas, the address also focuses on specificities associated with intractable challenges in comparative education. The paper offers a three part approach to discuss concomitant complexities: the first approach represents a well established historical tradition; the second, emphasizing interdependence, usually depicts the dominant mainstream perspective. In contrast, the third approach embedded in social justice, critical pedagogy, and opposition, demands significant structural changes. Understandably, the latter is the least likely to be adopted at regional, national and international levels.

Se servant d’un objectif à grande ouverture pour photographier les vues choisies de ...


Policy As Outcome: Inequities Generated From Unintended Policy Outcomes, Katina Pollock Dec 2006

Policy As Outcome: Inequities Generated From Unintended Policy Outcomes, Katina Pollock

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Intended and unintended outcomes of economic, political, and educational policy can create employment arrangements and work environments that limit opportunities for career advancement, professional development, and employment equity for certain groups of teachers. This paper, written from a critical lens, attempts to demonstrate how national and local policy outcomes in England have negatively impacted some educators who worked for Teacher Recruitment Agencies (TRAs) in the 1990s. In conclusion, the collective impact of policy outcomes for recruitment agency teachers has resulted in: a lack of control over workplace environment in schools that require extensive supports, financial arrangements that result in limited ...


Chinese Graduate Students At North American Universities: Learning Challenges And Coping Strategies, Jinyan Huang, Don A. Klinger Dec 2006

Chinese Graduate Students At North American Universities: Learning Challenges And Coping Strategies, Jinyan Huang, Don A. Klinger

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

The paper investigated four Chinese graduate students’ perceptions of the challenges they face and the coping strategies they use in their English academic learning at two North American universities. They reported experiencing the following seven major challenges in their academic learning: 1) financial difficulties; 2) problems in using English for academic purposes; 3) frustrations in becoming a permanent resident; 4) difficulty in adapting to the classroom learning environment; 5) lack of critical thinking skills; 6) acculturation problems; and 7) loneliness and academic anxiety. For each of the seven challenges they have developed corresponding coping strategies.

Cet article examine la perception ...


A Comparison Of The Portrayal Of Visible Minorities In Textbooks In Canada And China, Bing Wang Dec 2006

A Comparison Of The Portrayal Of Visible Minorities In Textbooks In Canada And China, Bing Wang

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Canada and China are both multiethnic countries and have articulated a strong commitment to multicultural education. However, in the process of curricula control, decision makers, drawn from the mainstream culture, develop, implement, and interpret the formal curriculum. Consequently, the ethnic content included in the mainstream curriculum could be biased, fragmented, or with important omissions. This paper evaluates the portrayal of selected visible minorities in some currently used social studies (history) textbooks in Alberta and China, to reveal how knowledge of ethnic cultures is filtered through the dominant perspectives and to explore ways to educate all students to be responsible citizens ...


Book Reviews Dec 2006

Book Reviews

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


Come Saturday Morning ... At Bridgewater State College, Joseph H. Huber, Jamie L. Mackool Dec 2006

Come Saturday Morning ... At Bridgewater State College, Joseph H. Huber, Jamie L. Mackool

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Editor's Notes And Front Matter, Suzanne Majhanovich Dec 2006

Editor's Notes And Front Matter, Suzanne Majhanovich

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


Minerva 2006, The Honors College Dec 2006

Minerva 2006, The Honors College

Minerva

This issue of Minerva includes an article on the course "Honors for All Ages," an Honors course offered at Penobscot Valley Senior College; an interview with notable Honors alum, Bernard Lown; and a celebration of the life of former Honors Program Director, Ulrich Wicks.


Comparing Connecticut And Finland: Teacher Friendly Policies In An Age Of Accountability, Marianne Larsen Dec 2006

Comparing Connecticut And Finland: Teacher Friendly Policies In An Age Of Accountability, Marianne Larsen

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Educational policy makers across a wide array of settings have made concerted efforts to improve their educational systems by paying close attention to their teaching profession. The state of Connecticut in the north-eastern U.S.A. and the northern European country of Finland are two such jurisdictions. However, unlike most other settings, where low-trust, accountability based policies have been imposed on the teaching profession, Finland and Connecticut’s policies can be considered teacher-friendly. This paper compares the teacher policies implemented in those two settings over the past fifteen years. Given the well-documented link between teacher quality and student achievement, it ...


Does School/Site Based Management (Sbm) In Japan Achieve Its Policy Purposes? A Policy Analysis Of Japanese Education Reform Regardingschool Advisors And School Management Councils, Jun Hirata Dec 2006

Does School/Site Based Management (Sbm) In Japan Achieve Its Policy Purposes? A Policy Analysis Of Japanese Education Reform Regardingschool Advisors And School Management Councils, Jun Hirata

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

The purpose of this paper is to analyze decentralized education reform in Japan in terms of School/Site-Based Management (SBM). In the literature, SBM embraces two major elements, namely, the devolution of decision-making authority to the individual school level and Shared Decision-Making (SDM). In Japan, school advisors and school management councils have been established with similar purposes with SBM since 2000. However, because the decision-making authority is not sufficiently devolved to each school and many groups of stakeholders are not significantly involved in decision-making processes, a SBM form of school governance has not been realized in Japan.

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Cie Journal/Revue Eci 35(1) & 35(2) Referees/Critiques Dec 2006

Cie Journal/Revue Eci 35(1) & 35(2) Referees/Critiques

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

No abstract provided.


The Effectiveness Of Problem-Based Instruction: A Comparative Study Of Instructional Methods And Student Characteristics, John R. Mergendoller, Nan L. Maxwell, Yolanda Bellisimo Nov 2006

The Effectiveness Of Problem-Based Instruction: A Comparative Study Of Instructional Methods And Student Characteristics, John R. Mergendoller, Nan L. Maxwell, Yolanda Bellisimo

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

This study compared the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) and traditional instructional approaches in developing high-school students’ macroeconomics knowledge and examined whether PBL was differentially effective with students demonstrating different levels of four aptitudes: verbal ability, interest in economics, preference for group work, and problem-solving efficacy. Over all, PBL was found to be a more effective instructional approach for teaching macroeconomics than traditional lecture–discussion (p = .05). Additional analyses provided evidence that PBL was more effective than traditional instruction with students of average verbal ability and below, students who were more interested in learning economics, and students who were most ...


Perceptions Of The Value Of Problem-Based Learning Among Students With Special Needs And Their Teachers, Brian R. Belland, Peggy A. Ertmer, Krista D. Simons Nov 2006

Perceptions Of The Value Of Problem-Based Learning Among Students With Special Needs And Their Teachers, Brian R. Belland, Peggy A. Ertmer, Krista D. Simons

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

While problem-based learning (PBL) has been found to be effective with gifted and average students (Hmelo-Silver, 2004), little is known about its impact on students with special needs. This study examines the perceptions of middle-school students with mild, moderate, and severe disabilities and of their teachers regarding the value of participating in a PBL unit. The unit focused on the physical accessibility of a low-SES, rural community where the students’ school was located.We used the constant comparative method (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) to analyze interview data, and used observation data and artifacts to triangulate interview comments. Among the noteworthy findings ...


Open Source/Open Course Learning: Lessons For Educators From Free And Open Source Software , Robert Stephenson Nov 2006

Open Source/Open Course Learning: Lessons For Educators From Free And Open Source Software , Robert Stephenson

Innovate: Journal of Online Education

No abstract provided.


Harnessing Open Technologies To Promote Open Educational Knowledge Sharing , Toru Iiyoshi, Cheryl Richardson, Owen Mcgrath Nov 2006

Harnessing Open Technologies To Promote Open Educational Knowledge Sharing , Toru Iiyoshi, Cheryl Richardson, Owen Mcgrath

Innovate: Journal of Online Education

No abstract provided.


Vision 2010: The Future Of Higher Education Business And Learning Applications , Patrick Carey, Bernard Gleason Nov 2006

Vision 2010: The Future Of Higher Education Business And Learning Applications , Patrick Carey, Bernard Gleason

Innovate: Journal of Online Education

No abstract provided.


Open Source, Openness, And Higher Education , David Wiley Nov 2006

Open Source, Openness, And Higher Education , David Wiley

Innovate: Journal of Online Education

No abstract provided.


Getting Open Source Software Into Schools: Strategies And Challenges , Gary Hepburn, Jan Buley Nov 2006

Getting Open Source Software Into Schools: Strategies And Challenges , Gary Hepburn, Jan Buley

Innovate: Journal of Online Education

No abstract provided.


Looking Toward The Future: A Case Study Of Open Source Software In The Humanities , Harvey Quamen Nov 2006

Looking Toward The Future: A Case Study Of Open Source Software In The Humanities , Harvey Quamen

Innovate: Journal of Online Education

No abstract provided.


Places To Go: Intute, Stephen Downes Nov 2006

Places To Go: Intute, Stephen Downes

Innovate: Journal of Online Education

No abstract provided.


From, By, And For The Ossd: Software Engineering Education Using An Open Source Software Approach, Kun Huang, Yifei Dong, Xun Ge Nov 2006

From, By, And For The Ossd: Software Engineering Education Using An Open Source Software Approach, Kun Huang, Yifei Dong, Xun Ge

Innovate: Journal of Online Education

No abstract provided.


Knowing The Text, Knowing The Learner: Literature Discussions With Fifth Grade Struggling Readers, Kristen Celani, Ellen Mcintyre, Elizabeth C. Rightmyer Nov 2006

Knowing The Text, Knowing The Learner: Literature Discussions With Fifth Grade Struggling Readers, Kristen Celani, Ellen Mcintyre, Elizabeth C. Rightmyer

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

The purpose of this article is to describe an action research study on the discourse patterns that seemed to best promote "developed" discussions of literature with fifth-grade struggling readers in an urban school. Developed discussions are those in which a substantial topic is maintained and the teacher-student talk included interpretations of the text and responses supported by textual, personal, and/or prior knowledge. Findings illustrated that developed discussions occurred in relation to the teacher's specific prompts and responses, the literature selected, and her focus on individual students.


Investigating Connections Between Teacher Beliefs And Instructional Practices With Struggling Readers, Sherry W. Powers, Cassie Zippay, Brittany Butler Nov 2006

Investigating Connections Between Teacher Beliefs And Instructional Practices With Struggling Readers, Sherry W. Powers, Cassie Zippay, Brittany Butler

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

This study examines and describes the changes in four teachers' beliefs and practices in literacy and literacy assessment over the course of a yearlong graduate level clinical experience. Four teachers who worked in the university literacy clinic as part of their graduate course work participated in this study. Two of the four teachers teach elementary aged pupils in a public school, another serves as a reading resource educator at a public elementary school, and the fourth teaches high school-aged students at an alternative school associated with a public school. Findings indicate that teacher beliefs and their classroom instruction are often ...


Reading Interest And Behavior In Middle School Students In Innercity And Rural Settings, Daphne Greenburg, Amanda D. Gilbert, Laura D. Fredrick Nov 2006

Reading Interest And Behavior In Middle School Students In Innercity And Rural Settings, Daphne Greenburg, Amanda D. Gilbert, Laura D. Fredrick

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

We examined the reading interest and behavior of students in one rural (n = 664) and one inner-city (n = 510) middle school. Responses to the questionnaire indicated that in general, middle school students are not interested in reading and spend very little time engaged in various reading activities. Further analysis of the data showed differences among school, gender, and grade in responses to the questionnaire. Therefore, although one can make broad claims about middle school students, we propose that it may be useful to look also at different groups of middle school students when trying to make decisions concerning this population.


Reading Horizons Vol.47 No 2 Nov 2006

Reading Horizons Vol.47 No 2

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Complete issue of Reading Horizons volume 47 issue 2.


The Impact Of Multiple Fluency Interventions On A Single Subject, Jennifer Morra, Diane H. Tracey Nov 2006

The Impact Of Multiple Fluency Interventions On A Single Subject, Jennifer Morra, Diane H. Tracey

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

This study investigates the effectiveness of multiple fluency interventions on a single subject in grade three. Fluency interventions, including choral reading, echo reading, repeated reading, audio book modeling, and teacher modeling were implemented over a period of eight weeks. Results indicated that using multiple fluency strategies, rather than a single fluency strategy as is usually investigated, was positively associated with improvement in oral reading


Book Review: Conquest: Sexual Violence And American Indian Genocide By Andrea Smith, Cambridge, Ma: South End Press, 2005, 250 Pages, Isbn: 0896087433, Brian J. Trautman Oct 2006

Book Review: Conquest: Sexual Violence And American Indian Genocide By Andrea Smith, Cambridge, Ma: South End Press, 2005, 250 Pages, Isbn: 0896087433, Brian J. Trautman

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

A book review of Conquest: Sexual Violence and American Indian Genocide by Andrea Smith.


Cynicism, Trust, And Internal-External Locus Of Control Among Home Educated Students, Donald Mcculloch, Sarah Slocum, Cadia Kolegue, Sarah Montaudo Oct 2006

Cynicism, Trust, And Internal-External Locus Of Control Among Home Educated Students, Donald Mcculloch, Sarah Slocum, Cadia Kolegue, Sarah Montaudo

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

Home education, also known colloquially as home schooling, has been on the rise for the past two decades. Estimates of the number home educated students range from 1.7% to 3% of the student population (Blok, 2003). It has gained legitimacy as noted by its evolution from being prohibited in 30 states in 1980 to now being legal in all fifty states (Blok, 2003). Probably the greatest sign of this new legitimacy is its general acceptance and positive coverage in the media where home education is presented as a viable alternative to traditional schooling. Often stories present some exceptional and ...


Dispositions: Defining, Aligning And Assessing, Nancy Edick, Lana Danielson, Sarah Edwards Oct 2006

Dispositions: Defining, Aligning And Assessing, Nancy Edick, Lana Danielson, Sarah Edwards

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

With the focus on student achievement, nationwide attempts are being made to improve schools and school systems. In these reforms teachers are the single most important factor (Darling- Hammond 1997; Wilson, Floden, and Ferrini-Mundy 2001). Teacher preparation programs have a unique opportunity and responsibility, therefore, to have a significant impact on teacher quality. Central to the ability to do so is a comprehensive understanding of what factors constitute teacher quality.


Grantsmanship And Fundraising Practices, Lisa Portugal Oct 2006

Grantsmanship And Fundraising Practices, Lisa Portugal

Academic Leadership: The Online Journal

This paper discusses various issues and challenges facing philanthropy and nonprofit organizations in the United States of America. The writer believes that effective grant writing abilities are necessary for leaders in higher education and those who posses these skills will be able to lead more efficiently. The paper will present effective fundraising strategies and discuss management techniques employed by veterans in the nonprofit sector. Additionally, descriptions of each of the nine major areas associated with foundation funding are summarized, and certain grantsmanship practices are highlighted. Finally, this paper will discuss seven basic components necessary for writing a successful grant proposal.