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Full-Text Articles in Education

Why Should We Care About The Gender Difference In Classroom Participation?, Bina Nayee Nov 2017

Why Should We Care About The Gender Difference In Classroom Participation?, Bina Nayee

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

It has been commonly understood and empirically demonstrated that co-ed undergraduate and graduate classrooms tend to derive greater male class participation from course discussions than from female students. Despite their equal ability to contribute substantial comments toward course topics female students still do so less frequently. In this paper, I present a normative argument for why we should care about this occurrence because of its impact on facets of a woman’s personal and professional development.


The Value Of A Liberal Arts Education, Sarah Morrissey Nov 2017

The Value Of A Liberal Arts Education, Sarah Morrissey

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In recent years, liberal arts education has faced caustic challenges on the grounds that it is neither a wise investment nor relevant in the modern era. However, these claims disregard the contention that liberal arts education has an intrinsic value that supersedes other tertiary concerns. The benefits of a liberal arts education are certainly comprehensive and apply to all members of society. As such, the inherent merit of the liberal arts must be recognized and supported by the state at all educational levels. The current economic and political environment has made it apparent that anything less will severely undermine the ...


From Student Shyness To Student Voice: Mapping Biliteracy Teaching In Indigenous Contexts, Nancy H. Hornberger, Frances Kvietok Dueñas Apr 2017

From Student Shyness To Student Voice: Mapping Biliteracy Teaching In Indigenous Contexts, Nancy H. Hornberger, Frances Kvietok Dueñas

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

Drawing on an ethnographic monitoring engagement with Kichwa intercultural bilingual educators in the Peruvian Amazon, we argue for ethnographic monitoring (Hymes, 1980) as a method and the continua of biliteracy (Hornberger, 1989, 1990, 2003; Hornberger & Skilton-Sylvester, 2000) as a heuristic for mapping biliteracy teaching in Indigenous contexts of bilingualism. Through our mapping, we uncover tensions in the teaching of majoritized languages in Indigenous contexts of postcoloniality, challenge constructs of student shyness, and propose pedagogies to support the flourishing of student voice in bilingual education.


Planning Math Language In The United States, 1650 To 1945, Mark C. Lewis Apr 2017

Planning Math Language In The United States, 1650 To 1945, Mark C. Lewis

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

Within mathematics education in the United States, educators and scholars have worked to identify ways of using language that students of mathematics must perform. I describe how mathematics educators from 1650–1945 have argued whether or how language is important for learning and doing mathematics. Framing these arguments as a form of language policy and planning, I apply intertextual research methods (Johnson, 2015) and the framework of enregisterment (Agha, 2007) to present explicit and implicit policy and planning for math language as intertextually linked models of linguistic behavior. I also summarize the gradual development of math language alongside wider shifts ...


Disability And Language Ideologies In Education Policy, Jennifer Phuong Apr 2017

Disability And Language Ideologies In Education Policy, Jennifer Phuong

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

Through policy discourse analysis, this paper explores ideologies around language and disability in U.S. federal education legislation, specifically the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA) and the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA). This exploration draws from the fields of language planning and policy and disability studies in education, which are both problem-oriented fields that rely on the examination of social problems. In considering disproportionality and discourses of ableism and racism, I argue that de facto language education policy implicit in IDEA and ESSA supports the model of a White, normal, abled student who speaks ...


Policy Barriers To Ainu Language Revitalization In Japan: When Globalization Means English, David H. Hanks Apr 2017

Policy Barriers To Ainu Language Revitalization In Japan: When Globalization Means English, David H. Hanks

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

For over a century the Ainu language has been threatened with disappearance as a result of language policies imposed by the Japanese following colonization of Ainu Mosir (now known as Hokkaidō), the Indigenous Ainu homeland. With recent legal and political victories, the Ainu have begun to reclaim their Indigenous culture and language within local communities, on the wider national stage, and internationally. However, while Ainu revitalization efforts continue, discourses of globalization in Japan have contributed to a dramatic increase in the status of English-as-a-foreign-language education, eclipsing other foreign and minority languages at all levels. Examining current policies, both de jure ...


Snapshots Of Yucatec Maya Language Practices: Language Policy And Planning Activities In The Yucatán Peninsula, Aldo Anzures Tapia Apr 2017

Snapshots Of Yucatec Maya Language Practices: Language Policy And Planning Activities In The Yucatán Peninsula, Aldo Anzures Tapia

Working Papers in Educational Linguistics (WPEL)

Metaphors, although many times more poetic than political, have been instrumental in understanding the complexity of language policy and planning (LPP). In this paper, I refer to and compare photographic processing to current LPP activities in Quintana Roo, the newest Mexican state. Based on corpus analyses of policy texts and ethnographic snapshots, this paper investigates how sectors such as health, social development, human rights, and justice employ Indigenous languages in ways that complement but also contradict LPP activities at the national, regional, and state levels. Overall, this research widens the LPP lens by inviting educational researchers to tell more stories ...