Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Journal

Association of Jewish Libraries

Cataloging

Reading and Language

Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Education

Phonemic Conversion As The Ideal Romanization Scheme For Hebrew: Implications For Hebrew Cataloging, Uzzi Ornan, Rachel Leket-Mor Apr 2016

Phonemic Conversion As The Ideal Romanization Scheme For Hebrew: Implications For Hebrew Cataloging, Uzzi Ornan, Rachel Leket-Mor

Judaica Librarianship

This paper examines a romanization scheme developed by linguist Uzzi Ornan that has not been considered for implementation in libraries. Phonemic conversion of Hebrew neither uses transliteration nor transcription strategies but reconstructs the theoretical structure of the original Hebrew word based on its phonemes. The article describes this scheme and its benefits, which include full coverage of all historical periods and script modes of Hebrew, and full reversibility, complete with an online interface that enables automatic conversion. The article compares the suggested phonemic conversion scheme with the ALA/LC Romanization of Hebrew and provides a history of previously attempted reversal ...


A “Mind-Boggling” Implication: The Hebrew Bible, The Old Testament, And The Definition Of A Work, David Conners Apr 2014

A “Mind-Boggling” Implication: The Hebrew Bible, The Old Testament, And The Definition Of A Work, David Conners

Judaica Librarianship

The uniform title Bible. O.T. has long caused difficulty in Judaica libraries. The well documented problems caused by this heading are reviewed. Alternative models developed by the Hebraica Team of the Library of Congress (LC) are discussed, as is an LC proposed rule change to Resource Description and Access (RDA) that was partially approved by the Joint Steering Committee. The idea by members of the Association of Jewish Libraries to use the Virtual International Authority File as a technical solution is reviewed briefly. The author endorses a model from LC that uses different uniform titles for the Hebrew Bible ...


The National Library Of Israel And Oclc, Elhanan Adler, Marina Goldsmith Dec 2011

The National Library Of Israel And Oclc, Elhanan Adler, Marina Goldsmith

Judaica Librarianship

OCLC published the following announcement in December 2008: “The National Library of Israel and OCLC have completed a pilot project that has resulted in the addition of more than 788,000 new bibliographic records and 1.1 million holdings from the national library to WorldCat.”The successful completion of this project was the result of a number of policy decisions and technological developments on the part of both parties. This article describes the motivation, history, and challenges of this project.


The Changing Terms In Sears, Sara Rofofsky Marcus Dec 2011

The Changing Terms In Sears, Sara Rofofsky Marcus

Judaica Librarianship

Librarians are considered the keepers of knowledge. However, the very method in which this knowledge is kept can cause confusion, not only for patrons seeking the knowledge held, but also for librarians unfamiliar with methods used in classifying books. Changing terms, or terms that do not change and thus portray what today could be considered bias or prejudice, cause confusion or even embarrassment in searching the vast knowledge base available. Librarians are known for organizational work, particularly catalogers who organize knowledge in the library into a seemingly accessible order. This article focuses on selected concepts of importance to the Judaic ...


The Changing Landscape Of Hebraica Cataloging, Daniel Lovins Dec 2008

The Changing Landscape Of Hebraica Cataloging, Daniel Lovins

Judaica Librarianship

Hebraica catalogers, like other librarians, are witnessing a major shift in their profession. Catalog records for physical objects in the library are increasingly giving way to metadata for digital objects on the web. The RLG Union Catalog, a mainstay of Hebraica cataloging since 1988, has been absorbed into OCLC's WorldCat. Rapid advances in information technology are driving the development of a new international cataloging code, the introduction of multiple languages and scripts in online authority records, and the emergence of a "Virtual International Authority File." While these changes are redefining the kind of work Hebraica catalogers are engaged in ...


The Making Of A Classification Scheme For Libraries Of Judaica, David Elazar Dec 2008

The Making Of A Classification Scheme For Libraries Of Judaica, David Elazar

Judaica Librarianship

This paper describes the history of A Classification System for Libraries of Judaica, its development, the process involved in preparing the second and third revisions, and its use in various libraries.The authors of the scheme contend that there was—and is—a need for a classification system for libraries of Judaica to classify and arrange their collections according to Jewish concepts based upon Jewish thought and terminology.


Johann Heinrich Hottinger And The Systematic Organization Of Jewish Literature, Seth Jerchower, Heidi G. Lerner Dec 2007

Johann Heinrich Hottinger And The Systematic Organization Of Jewish Literature, Seth Jerchower, Heidi G. Lerner

Judaica Librarianship

The authors explore the influence of the Swiss theologian, Orientalist, and Christian Hebraist, Johann Heinrich Hottinger, who preceded Shabbetai Bass in developing and implementing a classified Hebraica-Judaica bibliography. His ideas and theories have heretofore not been closely examined by Judaica bibliographers or researchers of Jewish intellectual history. Hottinger’s innovation was his degree of abstraction: that of analyzing a collection according to its contents. A study of his theories and classification systems can stimulate and encourage a renewed look at early practices and offer insights that can be relevant to current research. Unless otherwise noted, translations from the original Latin ...


To The Editor, Bella Hass Weinberg Jan 2003

To The Editor, Bella Hass Weinberg

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Cataloguing The Cairo Genizah, Robert Brody May 2000

Cataloguing The Cairo Genizah, Robert Brody

Judaica Librarianship

The Cairo Genizah collections are an extraordinarily important resource for many fields of Jewish Studies. Some of the difficulties confronted by scholars in exploiting these materials are described, and the importance of producing a series of reliable catalogues of the various collections is emphasized.


Selected Topics On Hebraica Cataloging From The Heb-Naco Listserv, Caroline G. Holt, Joan Biella May 2000

Selected Topics On Hebraica Cataloging From The Heb-Naco Listserv, Caroline G. Holt, Joan Biella

Judaica Librarianship

The Hebrew NACO (Name Authority Cooperative Program) Funnel Project, which began in October 1994, was the catalyst for creating the HebNACO listserv. Although the listserv was specifically designed to cover only Hebraic authority issues, it functions as a discussion group for all issues pertaining to Hebraica cataloging.


Library Of Congress Subject Headings In Jewish Studies: Recent Changes (1994–1995), Joseph Galron-Goldschliiger Dec 1995

Library Of Congress Subject Headings In Jewish Studies: Recent Changes (1994–1995), Joseph Galron-Goldschliiger

Judaica Librarianship

The following subject headings of interest to Judaica and Hebraica librarians were culled from Library of Congress Weekly Lists (1994) nos. 6-52 (Feb. 9, 1994–December 28, 1994), and (1995) nos. 1–36 (January 4, 1995-September 6, 1995). This list continues my earlier one, published in Judaica Librarianship, vol. 8, no. 1–2 (Spring 1993–Winter 1994), pp. 73–82. The list is also an update of my 4th edition of Library of Congress Subject Headings in Jewish Studies (New York: Association of Jewish Libraries, 1993).


Current Practices And Standards Of Cataloging Hebraica In Rlin, Heidi G. Lerner Sep 1994

Current Practices And Standards Of Cataloging Hebraica In Rlin, Heidi G. Lerner

Judaica Librarianship

Since 1988, approximately 21 institutions have input Hebraica records into RLIN utilizing its Hebrew script capability. These institutions have varying standards for the amount of Hebrew script and Romanization that they provide. Some institutions provide vernacular access only for the core fields that have been defined by RLIN; others provide vernacular access for main and ad d ed entries, notes, and subject headings as well. Some institutions do not provide Romanization for the statement of responsibility or beyond the title proper. These institutions have varying financial, technical, and policy constraints that have contributed to this diversity of procedures for inputting ...


Modifications Made By The New York Public Library To Rlin Hebraica Records, Claire Dienstag Sep 1994

Modifications Made By The New York Public Library To Rlin Hebraica Records, Claire Dienstag

Judaica Librarianship

In its Hebraica cataloging on RLIN, the Jewish Division of the New York Public Library aims for a complete "9114" cataloging category (CC) record, as specified by the Research Libraries Group. Derived records with a CC value of "9994", signifying a lower level of cataloging quality, are enhanced by romanizing field 245 #b, i.e., "other title" information. Field 245 #c (statement of responsibility) can remain unromanized, for the author's name in Latin characters appears in field 1 xx (main entry). Complete collation, appropriate subject headings, added entries and notes deemed necessary to describe a book's contents are ...


Hebrew Card Production From Rlin Records At The Klau Library, Laurel S. Wolfson Sep 1994

Hebrew Card Production From Rlin Records At The Klau Library, Laurel S. Wolfson

Judaica Librarianship

While the RUN bibliographic utility fully supports display and search capabilities of Hebrew script in bibliographic records, its card program is not able to produce cards that include Hebrew script. Hebrew Union College Library commissioned the writing of software to utilize existing RLIN functions to download Hebrew script records for local card production. However, modifications of the records are required to accommodate the idiosyncrasies of both RLIN and the local software.


Anomalies In Rlin Hebraica Records: Reflections Of A Recent Arrival On The Cataloging Scene, Clifford B. Miller Sep 1994

Anomalies In Rlin Hebraica Records: Reflections Of A Recent Arrival On The Cataloging Scene, Clifford B. Miller

Judaica Librarianship

Hebraica records on the Research Libraries Information Network feature many inconsistencies in romanization, descriptive cataloging, and form of heading. The categories of inconsistency are outlined, and examples of the variations found on RLIN are provided and discussed from the perspective of a novice cataloger. Classic Hebrew grammar and Biblical sources are often cited as authorities for the correct forms, which may not be found in Library of Congress records. Local policies of the Jewish Theological Seminary regarding name and subject headings for Judaica are included.


Hebraic Authorities: A Historical-Theoretical Perspective, Bella Hass Weinberg Sep 1994

Hebraic Authorities: A Historical-Theoretical Perspective, Bella Hass Weinberg

Judaica Librarianship

The standardization of Hebrew names in cataloging and bibliography has its roots in the Anglo-American tradition of Romanized author main entry. Cross-references from Hebrew names to their Roman equivalents are found in some British Hebraica catalogs published in the 19th century. In the Hebrew bibliographic tradition, in contrast, title main entry predominated and, given the nondistinctiveness of Jewish names, author access was rarely provided. Israeli librarians adopted the Western tradition of author main entry while retaining their commitment to original-alphabet cataloging; their Hebraic authority work consisted primarily of standardization of Hebrew orthography.

The Hebraic capability of the Research Libraries ...


Hebraica Authority Control At Brandeis, Rosalie E. Katchen Sep 1994

Hebraica Authority Control At Brandeis, Rosalie E. Katchen

Judaica Librarianship

Brandeis University Libraries has maintained separate authority files for all names written on title pages in Hebraic script-for personal, corporate, place, and conference headings. The files enable the cataloger to search in roman or Hebraic script. This paper reviews the history of the Hebraica authority files, their organization, changes in usage, adaptation to AACR2, and their reactivation when Hebrew script became available on RLIN. Current usage is examined in light of RLIN and the accommodation of nonroman scripts in the USMARC authorities format.


Library Of Congress Classification For Judaica: Recent Changes (1992–1993), Ricky Dreyfuss Sep 1994

Library Of Congress Classification For Judaica: Recent Changes (1992–1993), Ricky Dreyfuss

Judaica Librarianship

The column covers the additions and changes to the Library of Congress classification made from July 1992 to March 1993 in the classes of major importance to Judaica libraries. Recorded here are the usual cutter additions and changes to various topics under class BM (Judaism) and its tables, as well as classes BS (Bible), DS (History) and PJ (Language and Literature). Other classes (i.e., B, BJ, DD, F, HE, PN, RC) that had changes pertaining to Judaica during this period are also included. The article notes several cutter additions under class number DS 135 (History of Jews outside of ...


Library Of Congress Subject Headings In Jewish Studies: Recent Changes (1992–1994), Joseph Galron-Goldschlager Sep 1994

Library Of Congress Subject Headings In Jewish Studies: Recent Changes (1992–1994), Joseph Galron-Goldschlager

Judaica Librarianship

The following subject headings of interest to Judaica and Hebraica librarians were culled from Library of Congress Weekly Lists nos. 21–51 (1992) (May 20, 1992–December 16, 1992), 1–51 (1993) (December 30, 1992–December 15, 1993), and 1–5 (1994) (January 5, 1994–February 2, 1994).

This list continues my earlier one, published in Judaica Librarianship, vol. 7, no. 1–2 (Spring 1992–Winter 1993), pp. 72–78. This list is also an update of my 4th edition of Library of Congress Subject Headings in Jewish Studies (New York: Association of Jewish Libraries, 1993).

The term "Jewish Studies ...


Use Or Non-Use Of Parallel Linking Fields In Rlin For Hebrew-Script Access Points, Rosalie E. Katchen Sep 1994

Use Or Non-Use Of Parallel Linking Fields In Rlin For Hebrew-Script Access Points, Rosalie E. Katchen

Judaica Librarianship

RLIN tagging practice for Hebraic headings is examined in light of cataloging time and efficiency. It is argued that the rule that the roman heading must be a systematic romanization of the Hebrew heading in order for the two to be linked as parallel is inappropriate.


The Rlin Cataloging Category (Cc) Code And Hebraica Cataloging At Yeshiva University Library, Rebecca Malamud Sep 1994

The Rlin Cataloging Category (Cc) Code And Hebraica Cataloging At Yeshiva University Library, Rebecca Malamud

Judaica Librarianship

In doing Hebraica cataloging on RLIN, Yeshiva University (YU) librarians provide full title and statement of responsibility data in the original script. YU catalogers do not, however, provide full romanization of these elements, but stop after the title proper. The Research Libraries Group's definition of cataloging levels requires YU to code its records as less-than-full. It is argued in this paper that the Cataloging Category codes mask the quality of records containing complete bibliographic data in the original script, and that libraries in putting this data are penalized financially.


Contributing Hebrew Name Headings To Naco: A Participant's View, Rachel Simon Sep 1994

Contributing Hebrew Name Headings To Naco: A Participant's View, Rachel Simon

Judaica Librarianship

Princeton University Libraries have undergone several phases over the years regarding authority work. This paper focuses on Princeton's treatment of Hebrew name headings within the framework of authority work in general, prior to and following the library's involvement in the NACO (National Coordinated Cataloging Operations) project.

The paper deals with the following topics: the methods used at Princeton for authority work before the involvement with NACO in 1980; the stages of Princeton's involvement with NACO after 1980 (including production data); procedures developed at Princeton to facilitate authority work, enhance efficiency, and guarantee quality control in all production ...