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Articles 31 - 49 of 49

Full-Text Articles in Education

Instruction In Elementary Reading Methods Courses: Faculty Orientations And Strategy Use, Judy A. Bryant, Judy M. Wedman Apr 1994

Instruction In Elementary Reading Methods Courses: Faculty Orientations And Strategy Use, Judy A. Bryant, Judy M. Wedman

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

During the past decade reading beliefs have changed from a product orientation that included the decoding of or thographic symbols to a process orientation that involves keeping all forms of communication whole. Additionally, current research clearly demonstrates that reading strategies must go beyond the printed page (Tierney and Pearson, 1983; Rumelhart, 1985; Goodman, 1986). The pedagogy of reading has also changed from teacher directed, skill building strategies to student entered process oriented strategies (Tierney and Pearson, 1983; Rumelhart, 1985).


Crossing Boundaries: What Do Second-Language- Learning Theories Say To Reading And Writing Teachers Of English-As-A-Second-Language Learners?, Jill Fitzgerald Apr 1994

Crossing Boundaries: What Do Second-Language- Learning Theories Say To Reading And Writing Teachers Of English-As-A-Second-Language Learners?, Jill Fitzgerald

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Increasing presence of English-as-a-second-language (ESL) learners in United States schools creates more and more need for all teachers, including mainstream teachers, reading teachers, and other specialists, to have a firm understanding of some basic principles and beliefs about how individuals learn a second language. Teachers who have been trained in foreign-language education, bilingual education, ESL education, and related fields — such as linguistics — usually have learned about predominant second-language-learning theories and their correlated instructional implications.


Reading Horizons Vol. 34, No. 4 Apr 1994

Reading Horizons Vol. 34, No. 4

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Complete issue of Reading Horizons volume 34, issue 4.


Children's Books, William P. Bintz Apr 1994

Children's Books, William P. Bintz

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Looking For Crabs. (1993) B. Whately; The Mouse and the Apple (1994) Stephen Butler.


Effects Of Active Comprehension Instruction On Attitudes And Motivation In Reading, Ruth Helen Yopp, Mariam Jean Deher Apr 1994

Effects Of Active Comprehension Instruction On Attitudes And Motivation In Reading, Ruth Helen Yopp, Mariam Jean Deher

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Numerous studies have shown that training students in self-questioning enhances comprehension (Andre and Anderson, 1979; Nolte and Singer, 1985; Palincsar, 1984; Singer and Donlan, 1982; Yopp, 1987). As Singer (1978) and Yopp (1988) have argued, the process of self-questioning, or active comprehension, facilitates comprehension because it requires students to use their metacognitive capacities and activates their background knowledge.


Comprehending Metaphor: Using A Salient Characteristic Analysis Technique (Scat), Parker C. Fawson, D. Ray Reutzel Apr 1994

Comprehending Metaphor: Using A Salient Characteristic Analysis Technique (Scat), Parker C. Fawson, D. Ray Reutzel

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Aristotle wrote in the Poetics "Metaphor consists in giving the thing a name that belongs to something else. The greatest thing by far is to be master of the metaphor" (Ross, 1952). Comprehension of metaphor and simile can be very difficult for students who are unprepared to process language at a non-literal level. This is often the case because students are typically exposed to comprehension instruction that has been directed at deriving only literal meaning from the text. On the other hand, some speakers or writers do not intend language to be interpreted literally.


Identifying And Educating Low-Literate Adults, Susan Davis, Sheila Diaz Apr 1994

Identifying And Educating Low-Literate Adults, Susan Davis, Sheila Diaz

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Elementary school teachers are increasingly concerned about the apparent lack of interest parents exhibit in their children's schooling. Teachers are mystified when important school forms are not returned, when parents do not attend parent-teacher conferences, and when children enter school without having heard an adult read to them. Teachers often interpret these actions as a lack of parental interest in school. Actions that seem to indicate neglect, however, may really be masking an even deeper problem — parental illiteracy.


Professional Materials, Jill Scott Apr 1994

Professional Materials, Jill Scott

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Beyond words: Picture books for older readers and writers (1992) S. Benedict and L. Carlisle


Social Work Services And Social Work Training For African Americans In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1900-1930, Tawana Ford Sabbath Mar 1994

Social Work Services And Social Work Training For African Americans In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1900-1930, Tawana Ford Sabbath

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The longstanding presence of African Americans in Philadelphia explains the establishment of social welfare institutions and agencies by more affluent African Americans in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The Armstrong Association of Philadelphia and Women's Christian Alliance are two of the more prominent and enduring efforts initiated by African Americans to serve their own. Both also provided a vehicle for training for African Americans who desired to join the new profession of social work.


Reading Horizons Vol. 34, No. 3 Mar 1994

Reading Horizons Vol. 34, No. 3

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Complete issue of Reading Horizons volume 34, issue 3.


The Effects Of Teacher Training On Pre-Service Elementary Education Majors' Conceptual Framework Of Reading, Patricia A. Shaw Feb 1994

The Effects Of Teacher Training On Pre-Service Elementary Education Majors' Conceptual Framework Of Reading, Patricia A. Shaw

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

What is known about the training of teachers? Does training make a difference? If training makes a difference, what type of training? What variables influence the training? What guarantee is there that training will transfer to the actual teaching situation? These are questions that were asked before, during and after the studies presented in this article. The purpose of the studies was to investigate whether a reading methods course and/or student teaching can influence an individual's conceptual framework of reading.


Children's Books, Janet Chupka, Sherry Myers, Shelly Shragg Feb 1994

Children's Books, Janet Chupka, Sherry Myers, Shelly Shragg

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Truck (1993) Donald Crews; School Bus (1993) Donald Crews; Stone Men (1993) Nicki Weiss; The Rose In My Garden (1993) Arnold Lobel; Nana's Birthday Party. (1993) Amy Hest


Holistic Analysis Of Basal Readers: An Assessment Tool, Arne E. Sippola Feb 1994

Holistic Analysis Of Basal Readers: An Assessment Tool, Arne E. Sippola

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Authors of contemporary basal readers make many claims as to the whole language-like nature of their programs. Their advertising literature contains assertions such as "full spectrum of the language arts," "literature based," and "integrated, whole language approach." Indeed many recent basals contain components that could be considered holistic in nature.


Their Own Story: Literature For African-American Children, Jeanna Mcglinn Feb 1994

Their Own Story: Literature For African-American Children, Jeanna Mcglinn

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

The literature that African-American children read has the power to transform their vision of themselves and their culture. According to a report issued by the National Black Child Development Institute (1991), "Children's books that present accurate and realistic images of Black people and our culture are a major vehicle for generating high self-esteem and a positive self-concept in Black children" (p. 5).


Implementing A Holistic Reading Series In First Grade: Experiences With A Conversation Group, Martha Combs Feb 1994

Implementing A Holistic Reading Series In First Grade: Experiences With A Conversation Group, Martha Combs

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

A local school district has adopted a reading series which is described by the series' authors as a whole language approach (Booth, 1984). In comparison to the three previously adopted reading series (Lippincott, Open Court, and American Book), this adoption decision represents a dramatic philosophical and instructional shift. This decision also represents an attempt to mandate holistic literature-based instruction, rather than to let it emerge as a grassroots, teacher-initiated change, which is considered by Goodman (1986) to be a more successful way to implement whole language.


Professional Materials Review, Jennifer Rae Stell Feb 1994

Professional Materials Review, Jennifer Rae Stell

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

(Professional Materials)Whole Language: Practical Ideas. (1991) Chow, Mayling, Dobson, Lee, Hurst, Marietta, Nucich, Joy


Generating Response To Literature With At-Risk Third Grade Students, Kathy Everts Danielson, Patty Tighe Feb 1994

Generating Response To Literature With At-Risk Third Grade Students, Kathy Everts Danielson, Patty Tighe

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Response to literature is an important aspect of reading and comprehension (Hansen, 1987). As readers read quality literature they are more apt to respond in a personal nature to the text. Rosenblatt's (1983) response theory suggests that reading is a transaction between the reader and the text. It provides for the unique response to literature that an individual might have, depending upon the text and the context of reading.


Fluency In Children's Writing, V. Andree Bayliss Feb 1994

Fluency In Children's Writing, V. Andree Bayliss

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Ask local elementary teachers which children in their classrooms are their best writers, and, usually, they will spontaneously name three or four students. Teachers know their best writers. They also know some of the contributing factors. These children are often good readers, who love a good story and seem to have a natural talent for telling one themselves. Where writing is concerned, they are a teacher's joy.


Author Index Jan 1994

Author Index

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

Index to authors in volume 35.