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Full-Text Articles in Education

Email Surveys In Educational Research: Ethical Surveys In Educational Research, Chi Hong Nguyen Jul 2007

Email Surveys In Educational Research: Ethical Surveys In Educational Research, Chi Hong Nguyen

Essays in Education

The growth of the Internet and the increasing application of electronic mail in many aspects of business and educational research have urged researchers to reach different individuals across geographical borders with an obvious reduction of costs and time. While the use of email surveys in educational research, as this paper mainly argues, offers significant benefits to researchers in collecting data, more awareness of ethical codes of conduct and culture of net-users should be insisted throughout the research process to enhance validity and to minimize physical or mental harm that may cause to the researched participants of different ethnic and socioeconomic ...


Conceptualizing Constituent Perceptions Of Success Towards Public Education, Sean M. Lennon Jul 2007

Conceptualizing Constituent Perceptions Of Success Towards Public Education, Sean M. Lennon

Essays in Education

The aggressive age of assessment and accountability to which the American public school system belongs, belies the dichotomy, or disparate and passionate views of how to appropriately determine growth or success of learning for our students. The differences are startling; polar opposites of conception and ideal, and controversial, with educational professionals at odds with policy makers and the general public. At issue, or the core of this debate, is the question of what is the most effective way in assessing our schools and the children within them? Is there really one way to assess or determine success and are we ...


Standardized Testing: A Case Study Of Preparation For College & Work?, Dawn Camacho, Vickie Cook Mar 2007

Standardized Testing: A Case Study Of Preparation For College & Work?, Dawn Camacho, Vickie Cook

Essays in Education

The following is a case study one Illinois high school’s test results using the EXPLORE® and PLAN® tests in correlation with the students’ academic history. Juniors were administered the PLAN test in tenth grade and three years of academic history were reviewed. Seniors were administered the EXPLORE test in ninth grade, the PLAN test in tenth grade, and two years of academic history were reviewed. The results of this case study analysis have lead to recommendations regarding curriculum and its correlation to these specific standardized tests.


Quiet, Do Not Disturb: Prying Open The Door To Examine Our Worlds Of Testing And Assessment, Amma Akrofi, Carole Janisch, Mellinee Lesley, Robin Griffith, Xiaoming Liu Jan 2007

Quiet, Do Not Disturb: Prying Open The Door To Examine Our Worlds Of Testing And Assessment, Amma Akrofi, Carole Janisch, Mellinee Lesley, Robin Griffith, Xiaoming Liu

Essays in Education

Teacher educators recount their personal experiences related to testing and assessment. Through the examination of these experiences stemming from collegial conversations, the individuals have come to better understand the issues and challenges their university students, preservice and inservice teachers, will face in their classroom settings. Along with theory and research, the realities encountered by these individuals become “course capital.” The content of their current and future university literacy courses and assessment courses reflects their renewed emphasis on responsive and child-centered instruction as opposed to the untoward focus on testing.


Assessment For Learning: Assessment In Interaction, Ian Clark Sep 2006

Assessment For Learning: Assessment In Interaction, Ian Clark

Essays in Education

Wherever there is challenge in our classrooms there exists the opportunity for better formative assessment. It is beyond time that policy reflected the need for cognitive and affective challenges to be constructive, enjoyable and collaborative. In so doing practitioners are able to co-construct a learning environment which lends positive support to the self-esteem among our young learners in elementary and high schools. This article discusses a remedy to a deepening crisis in our classrooms. That remedy has become known as Assessment for Learning (AfL). AfL is a crucial aspect of classroom practice, the sub-routines of which focus on: the quality ...


Utilizing Assessment To Improve Student Motivation And Success, Amy Woytek Jul 2005

Utilizing Assessment To Improve Student Motivation And Success, Amy Woytek

Essays in Education

The process of classroom assessment can serve an important role in enhancing student motivation and achievement. Teachers can help enhance student performance by sharing clearly defined learning goals Through student involvement in the assessment process, students learn to take responsibility for their own learning. This feeling of accountability and control may increase the students’ intrinsic motivation to learn and can heighten success. Also, teachers have the opportunity to help students succeed through the implementation and communication of quality assessments.


How Will No Child Left Behind Improve Student Achievement? The Necessity Of Classroom-Based Research In Accountability Reform., Stephanie W. Cawthon Sep 2004

How Will No Child Left Behind Improve Student Achievement? The Necessity Of Classroom-Based Research In Accountability Reform., Stephanie W. Cawthon

Essays in Education

No Child Left Behind (2001) legislation emphasizes the use of large-scale assessments in evaluating student proficiency in core academic areas. Classroom-based measures of proficiency, such as research projects, classroom assessments, and homework assignments, also provide rich data regarding students’ academic progress. This article articulates three areas where classroom-based measures can complement the large-scale assessment data used in NCLB reports of school, district and state progress: 1) Alignment of curriculum to state standards, 2) Assessment of student achievement, and 3) Identifying strategies for teaching in a diverse classroom. Making links between classroom instruction, student work, and large-scale assessment will be critical ...


Using Comprehensive Needs Assessment To Improve Student Achievement, Cathy Stockton, David Gullatt, Dawn Basinger Mar 2004

Using Comprehensive Needs Assessment To Improve Student Achievement, Cathy Stockton, David Gullatt, Dawn Basinger

Essays in Education

This article focuses on the use of a comprehensive needs assessment to improve student achievement. Higher education institutions and P-12 schools should use a comprehensive needs assessment to aid them in improving their students’ achievement in this era of redesign and reform. The authors use their experience as school administrators, college professors, and district assistant team members to explain the needs assessment process.


Including Students With Disabilities And Achieving Accountability: Educators’ Emerging Challenge, Martin J. Ward, Nicole Montague, Thomas H. Linton Mar 2003

Including Students With Disabilities And Achieving Accountability: Educators’ Emerging Challenge, Martin J. Ward, Nicole Montague, Thomas H. Linton

Essays in Education

The nation-wide movement toward increased accountability in our schools has been implemented in large part through state-mandated standardized testing of students. The state assessments in Texas, as in many states, have a powerful influence on educators’ decisions and practices. Whether or not students with special learning needs are provided with an educational experience in the least restrictive environment is dependent upon the decisions and actions of educators. The high-stakes testing agenda in Texas influences decisions related to the inclusion of students with special learning needs. In this article, we examine the issue of how the inclusion of students with disabilities ...


The Evolution Of Portfolios In Teacher Education, Nancy D. Turner Sep 2002

The Evolution Of Portfolios In Teacher Education, Nancy D. Turner

Essays in Education

Portfolios have been used in many fields of study to highlight the best work of individuals. In teacher education, portfolios serve as an authentic assessment, in that they contain artifacts representative of the preservice teacher’s performance in the classroom. As teachers are accountable for an in-depth understanding and implementation of teaching standards, portfolios can become the avenue for documenting how these standards are being met. The teacher preparation program at Saint Mary’s College, Notre Dame, Indiana has utilized portfolios since 1994. Over the years, these portfolios have evolved from their inception to a performance-based evidence that indicates the ...


It’S Time To Upgrade: Tests And Administration Procedures For The New Millennium, Michael Russell Apr 2002

It’S Time To Upgrade: Tests And Administration Procedures For The New Millennium, Michael Russell

Essays in Education

Increasing use of computers in schools has led to a mis-alignment between the way some students develop skill and knowledge and how they are tested. This paper reviews past research that demonstrates that paper-based tests that require students to produce written responses underestimate the achievement of students who are accustomed to writing on computer. The paper then explores how learning that occurs through other instructional uses of computers is not adequately captured by current testing practices. The paper argues that new approaches should be explored to better measure student learning.