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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Explanation Of The Supervisory Model Used By Elementary Principal Supervisors In The State Of Missouri, David J. Hvidston, Bret Range, J Anderson, Brady Quirk Mar 2919

An Explanation Of The Supervisory Model Used By Elementary Principal Supervisors In The State Of Missouri, David J. Hvidston, Bret Range, J Anderson, Brady Quirk

School Leadership Review

The goal for this paper was to discuss the efforts a school district has taken to utilize elementary principal supervisors to build and develop principals’ leadership capacities. The question considered was: (1) How are principals supervised and evaluated in one district? Attempting to answer this question is an important step in operationalizing guiding principles that can be shared with principal supervisors. The discussion included the importance of standards, the modeling of instructional supervision by principal supervisors, the reliance of guiding questions and potential data sources. Additional critical factors included coaching with two-way communication based on a trusting, reflective relationship. As ...


Five Things You Should Know About Jesuit Worldwide Learning: Higher Education At The Margins, Martha Habash Nov 2109

Five Things You Should Know About Jesuit Worldwide Learning: Higher Education At The Margins, Martha Habash

Jesuit Higher Education: A Journal

No abstract provided.


Self-Segregation, Sense Of Belonging, And Social Support: An Inquiry Into The Practices And Perceptions Of Chinese Graduate Students At An American Mid-Atlantic University, P. J. Moore-Jones Jun 2022

Self-Segregation, Sense Of Belonging, And Social Support: An Inquiry Into The Practices And Perceptions Of Chinese Graduate Students At An American Mid-Atlantic University, P. J. Moore-Jones

Journal of Global Education and Research

Chinese students studying in the United States face great challenges when adapting to cultural, linguistic, and pedagogical differences. Although discouraged in the literature, self-segregation is a practice common among some international students and is especially prevalent in the Chinese community. This qualitative study explored the motivation and frequency of this practice vis-à-vis social support, and its effect on the participants’ sense of belonging. Insider status was employed to conduct focus groups of mainland Chinese students currently enrolled in graduate programs at a Mid-Atlantic University in the United States. Findings from the study explore how administrators, educators, and the students themselves ...


Teaching Inequality In Brazil: A Study Abroad Exploration Of Race, Class, Gender, Sexuality, And Geography, Edvan P. Brito, Anthony J. Barnum Jun 2022

Teaching Inequality In Brazil: A Study Abroad Exploration Of Race, Class, Gender, Sexuality, And Geography, Edvan P. Brito, Anthony J. Barnum

Journal of Global Education and Research

This paper presents and analyzes a case study of a five-week study abroad course called Inequality in Brazil: An exploration of race, class, gender, sexuality, and geography. The course was constructed to teach social inequality in the context of Brazil by using place-based and experiential learning within the framework of critical pedagogy (Freire, 1989). By examining inequality through the lens of culture and geography, students were empowered to become student-teachers in their explorations of race, class, gender, and sexuality as they linked theory to practice and lived experience. This paper provides an example of how study abroad can be used ...


Parenting Of 1.5 Generation Chinese Americans’ Parents: A Case Study, Yuyang Zhou, Xuan Jiang, Changmi Wang Jun 2022

Parenting Of 1.5 Generation Chinese Americans’ Parents: A Case Study, Yuyang Zhou, Xuan Jiang, Changmi Wang

Journal of Global Education and Research

Individuals who arrive in a new country during their childhood and early adolescence are referred to as the 1.5 generation. In this exploratory case study, five Chinese families were interviewed and examined about the effects of their parenting styles on those 1.5 generation Chinese American students. Findings revealed that these parents’ parenting styles—educational values, educational practices, and family dynamics—have exerted a great impact on the students’ academic performance, psychological well-being, and adaptation to their life in the US. Insights about comparisons between American and Chinese education will be inspiring to educators and scholars for culturally comparative ...


Valuing The Local Within The Global: A Discourse Analysis Of Professional Development In A U.S.-Kurdish Transnational University Partnership, Thomas A. Highley, Connie Kendall Theado Jun 2022

Valuing The Local Within The Global: A Discourse Analysis Of Professional Development In A U.S.-Kurdish Transnational University Partnership, Thomas A. Highley, Connie Kendall Theado

Journal of Global Education and Research

In an effort to support higher education in developing countries, partnerships between U.S. and international universities have surged, raising questions concerning the social equity of such linkages. Using a New Literacy Studies approach to discourse analysis, online transcripts from one such university partnership were analyzed to determine how language was used to negotiate a more equitable partnership through the adaptation of the social context of professional development activities. Discourse analysis of three relevant linguistic markers in the data suggests that cultural perspectives on professional development influenced the language choices made by university partners, reshaping the power structure toward greater ...


Why Study Abroad: Differences In Motivation Between Us And International Students, Phillip Haisley, Catherine Grandorff, Osasohan Agbonlahor, Sylvia L. Mendez, Mandy Hansen Dec 2021

Why Study Abroad: Differences In Motivation Between Us And International Students, Phillip Haisley, Catherine Grandorff, Osasohan Agbonlahor, Sylvia L. Mendez, Mandy Hansen

Journal of Global Education and Research

Globally, collegiate students possess distinct drives, opportunities, and constraints that influence their choices regarding if, when, and where to study abroad. This research explored the study abroad motivations of US students who were studying in other countries as well as international students who were studying in the US. Data was collected using a cross-sectional survey constructed from pre-existing study abroad motivation instruments. Human capital theory and the push-pull model of international education flow were used as the theoretical frameworks grounding this study’s survey. A principal components analysis helped determine the most parsimonious number of latent motivation constructs in the ...


Building Community Using Experiential Education With Elementary Preservice Teachers In A Social Studies Methodology Course, Stephanie Speicher Dec 2021

Building Community Using Experiential Education With Elementary Preservice Teachers In A Social Studies Methodology Course, Stephanie Speicher

Journal of Global Education and Research

There is urgency for teacher educators to instruct preservice teachers in the tenants of social justice education. This urgency is based upon the American demographic landscape and the responsibility of educators to teach for social justice. Preservice teachers report feeling inadequately prepared to educate for social justice when entering the classroom setting (citations from below). Feelings of incompetence in social justice teaching expressed among preservice teachers coupled with minimal examination in the literature of the effects of teacher education practices that aid in the readiness to teach for social justice provided the foundation for this study. This study examined experiential ...


Female First-Generation College Students: A Review Of Challenges And Successes, Junghwan Kim, Sarah M. Miller, Jihee Hwang, Joann S. Olson Dec 2021

Female First-Generation College Students: A Review Of Challenges And Successes, Junghwan Kim, Sarah M. Miller, Jihee Hwang, Joann S. Olson

Journal of Global Education and Research

With increasing college access rates of underrepresented populations in recent years, first-generation college students (FGCSs), those who are the first in their family to attend college, have caught the attention of researchers and policymakers in the U.S. higher education system. This study focused on female FGCSs to identify the various challenges that are unique to this population. Through a systematic literature review, 13 studies were analyzed related to female FGCSs. Three themes were found from the analysis: role expectations, support systems, and socioeconomic background. These explain the challenges and self-identified strategies that female FGCSs discussed as contributing factors to ...


Developing Cultural Intelligence: Experiential Interactions In An International Internship Program, Lisa Lambert Snodgrass, Margaret Hass, Mehdi Ghahremani Dec 2021

Developing Cultural Intelligence: Experiential Interactions In An International Internship Program, Lisa Lambert Snodgrass, Margaret Hass, Mehdi Ghahremani

Journal of Global Education and Research

In recent years, the demand for more culturally competent candidates has risen as employers seek workers highly adaptable to the global marketplace. Study abroad internship programs offer a rich training ground for college students to gain valuable international and intercultural career experience. This study examined the effects of experiential program design on the cultural intelligence of participants in an international internship program. College students from a large Midwestern university were enrolled in an international internship program in Amsterdam, Netherlands; Lima, Peru; or Seoul, South Korea. The program design incorporated principles of Kolb’s Experiential Learning Theory (ELT) to increase student ...


Marketing Tourism And Hotel Management Schools In The Context Of Higher Education Globalization And Student Mobility Through Improved Curriculum And Industrial Training Offerings, Ayse Bas Collins, Aysegul Gunduz Songur, Seden Dogan Dec 2021

Marketing Tourism And Hotel Management Schools In The Context Of Higher Education Globalization And Student Mobility Through Improved Curriculum And Industrial Training Offerings, Ayse Bas Collins, Aysegul Gunduz Songur, Seden Dogan

Journal of Global Education and Research

Recent research from international statistics indicate an important flow of student mobility all over the world, creating a need to provide comprehensive information regarding educational institutions involved in the process. This study examines and compares tourism and hotel management (THM) programs at different levels, including the nature of programs offered, their curriculum, and internship components. A particular focus was given to the industrial training requirement as a core component of THM programs. Results showed both similarities and differences worldwide within the framework of the institutions compared. The findings may help all stakeholders in the education systems, including professionals, educators, students ...


Understanding Students’ Global Interdependence In Science Instruction, Walter S. Smith Dec 2021

Understanding Students’ Global Interdependence In Science Instruction, Walter S. Smith

Journal of Global Education and Research

Multiple American educational organizations such as the National Education Association, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, and the Council of Chief State School Officers have advocated for globalizing the K-12 curriculum. The National Science Teaching Association (NSTA) in a position statement on international education and the Next Generation Science Standards have produced goals and standards for internationalizing the science curriculum by addressing topics such as climate change, environment, and disease that cross borders. In contrast to those pronouncements on the curriculum, this article views global science education through an instructional lens that focuses on a students’ global interdependence in science ...


The Inequitable Consequences Of School Disciplinary Policies On Black Girls In Ohio, Terry Husband, Shamaine Bertrand Dec 2021

The Inequitable Consequences Of School Disciplinary Policies On Black Girls In Ohio, Terry Husband, Shamaine Bertrand

Journal of Global Education and Research

Studies have examined the effects of school disciplinary policies and practices on Black boys. Much of this research highlights the degree to which many of these disciplinary policies and practices have affected Black boys in P-12 contexts in negative ways. A small and emerging body of scholarship has begun to investigate the effects of school discipline policies and practices in P-12 contexts on Black girls. The focus of this study was to investigate the effects of disciplinary policies on Black girls in comparison to girls from other races in the 15 largest school districts in Ohio. Drawing from recent out-of-school ...


Enhancing The Quality Of Student Teachers’ Reflective Teaching Practice Through Building A Virtual Learning Community, Wai Cheong Jacky Pow, Kwok Hung Lai Jun 2021

Enhancing The Quality Of Student Teachers’ Reflective Teaching Practice Through Building A Virtual Learning Community, Wai Cheong Jacky Pow, Kwok Hung Lai

Journal of Global Education and Research

Microteaching and reflection remains an important technique that pre-service student teachers can use to practice their teaching in a safe environment. However, improvements in teaching are not guaranteed without the support and feedback from peers. Previous studies suggest that a learning community supported by information technology promotes improved pedagogical decisions. This study aimed to examine whether virtual learning communities can facilitate student teachers’ reflection upon their teaching practice. A video database with both text- and voice-comment functionalities was designed to facilitate the process of giving peer feedback and improve the quality of teaching practice. Student teachers’ experiences in using the ...


Partnerships To Promote Inclusive Education For Students With Disabilities In Thailand, Somkate Uttayotha, Andrew R. Scheef Jun 2021

Partnerships To Promote Inclusive Education For Students With Disabilities In Thailand, Somkate Uttayotha, Andrew R. Scheef

Journal of Global Education and Research

Inclusive education provides opportunities for students with disabilities to learn alongside peers without disabilities. In some countries, such as Thailand, a dearth of opportunities for inclusive education means that students with disabilities are only offered enrollment in residential schools designed for students with disabilities. As a result, students are forced to leave their home communities to receive a public education. Inclusive education allows students to follow the same path as peers in their community, which benefits all parties. This qualitative pilot study featured interviews with stakeholders to better understand how schools can partner with regional entities to increase opportunities for ...


“We Have To Get More Teachers To Help Our Kids”: Recruitment And Retention Strategies For Teacher Education Programs To Increase The Number Of Indigenous Teachers In Canada And Abroad, Laura Landertinger, Danielle Tessaro, Jean-Paul Restoule Jun 2021

“We Have To Get More Teachers To Help Our Kids”: Recruitment And Retention Strategies For Teacher Education Programs To Increase The Number Of Indigenous Teachers In Canada And Abroad, Laura Landertinger, Danielle Tessaro, Jean-Paul Restoule

Journal of Global Education and Research

This paper discusses the findings of a research study that gathered and analyzed recruitment and retention strategies employed by 50 teacher education programs (TEPs) in Canada, the United States, New Zealand, and Australia to increase the number of Indigenous teachers. It discusses several recruitment and retention strategies that were found to be successful in this regard, highlighting the importance of facilitating access, eliminating financial barriers, and offering Indigenous-centric programs.


Retention Strategies For Online Students: A Systematic Literature Review, Katy Seery, Albert A. Barreda, Stephanie G. Hein, Jokima L. Hiller Jun 2021

Retention Strategies For Online Students: A Systematic Literature Review, Katy Seery, Albert A. Barreda, Stephanie G. Hein, Jokima L. Hiller

Journal of Global Education and Research

The purpose of this paper is to examine online retention research in higher education over a 5-year span (January 2015–March 2019) to further advance research in higher education retention. Through an academic database search, 18 articles were collected from EBSCOhost, Google Scholar, and Research Gate using combinations of the keywords online, retention strategies, and higher education. All articles were analyzed for proposed retention strategies. Retention is a global topic. As such, this study demonstrates the importance of retention and clarifies issues or challenges students encounter, which may cause lower retention rates. The data reviewed suggest the most common retention ...


Teaching In A Global Society: Considerations For University-Based Educational Leadership, Penny L. Tenuto Jun 2021

Teaching In A Global Society: Considerations For University-Based Educational Leadership, Penny L. Tenuto

Journal of Global Education and Research

Those who work in university-based programs are in a unique position to positively influence teaching, leading, and learning in the 21st century—whether in traditional face-to-face classrooms or online. To ensure culturally responsive practices, postsecondary faculty and administrators must be proactive about critically reflecting on their own professional praxes related to adult learning. This paper offers a mini-review of concepts derived from the literature for promoting inclusive postsecondary learning communities in a diverse and global society. This conceptually based paper blends current practices with traditional adult learning theories and includes considerations for those who work in university-based programs that prepare ...


Using Avatars To Address Teacher Self-Efficacy, Chancey Bosch, Trevor Ellis Jun 2021

Using Avatars To Address Teacher Self-Efficacy, Chancey Bosch, Trevor Ellis

Journal of Global Education and Research

Technology-enhanced learning continues to provide opportunities for increased interventions in educational programing. For teacher education programs, novelty pales in comparison to providing meaningful instruction and enduring outcomes. The use of avatars has provided integration of research evidence that increases intended behaviors; however, research is lacking on teacher self-efficacy change via an avatar experience. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between teacher self-efficacy and avatar use in a teacher education program. A relational study using both parametric and non-parametric designs for four different samples indicated a significant relationship between avatar intervention and teacher self-efficacy in classroom management ...


The Attributes Of Mathematics Learning Which Ghanaian Senior High School Students Value, Ernest Kofi Davis, Wee Tiong Seah, Nathaniel Howard, Eric Magnus Wilmot Jun 2021

The Attributes Of Mathematics Learning Which Ghanaian Senior High School Students Value, Ernest Kofi Davis, Wee Tiong Seah, Nathaniel Howard, Eric Magnus Wilmot

Journal of Global Education and Research

Valuing constitutes an important aspect of mathematics pedagogy and hence student learning outcomes. This study surveyed 416 students from Cape Coast, Ghana to explore what senior high school students in this country in West Africa valued in their study of mathematics. The data collected were analyzed using principal component analysis. The results suggest that Ghanaian senior high school students found connections, understanding, fluency, learning technologies, feedback, instructional materials, open-endedness and problem-solving important in their mathematics learning. Implications of the findings for curriculum delivery in mathematics and future research opportunities are also discussed.


Leisure Time Management And Communication Skills As The Predictors Of Academic Motivation Among University Students, Hussain Mohammed Aburayash May 2021

Leisure Time Management And Communication Skills As The Predictors Of Academic Motivation Among University Students, Hussain Mohammed Aburayash

Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Research in Higher Education (مجلة اتحاد الجامعات العربية (للبحوث في التعليم العالي

The study examines the role of leisure time management and communication skills as the predictors of academic motivation among university students, and relationship between time management, communication skills and academic motivation. The sample was included (549) students from Jordanian public and private Universities, with various specializations and deferent academic levels, All which chosen in the available method. Data were collected through the interknit of time that lusted. Data were collected by three instruments, leisure time management questionnaire, communication skills scale and academic motivation scale. The study using correlation and multiple regression analysis. The finding show that there are positive and ...


The Degree Of Relative Contribution Of Some Personal And Organizational Factors In Psychological Burnout Syndrome Among Staff At Najran University, Afaf Abdelah Othman May 2021

The Degree Of Relative Contribution Of Some Personal And Organizational Factors In Psychological Burnout Syndrome Among Staff At Najran University, Afaf Abdelah Othman

Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Research in Higher Education (مجلة اتحاد الجامعات العربية (للبحوث في التعليم العالي

The study aimed to identify the degree of the relative contribution of some personal and organizational factors to burnout syndrome among faculty members at the University of Najran, in light of some variables (theoretical and practical disciplines - years of experience - academic degree - gender), and the study sample consisted of (85) members of the body Teaching was chosen randomly, and the Burnout Scale was applied designed by Christina Maslach and Susan Jackson, a questionnaire to measure personal and organizational factors, and the researcher processed the data statistically using the SPSS program by calculating averages, standard deviations, correlation coefficients and linear regression ...


The Common Methodological Mistakes In Scientific Researches (Master's Theses) Approved In The Specialization Of Curricula And Methods Of Teaching Arabic Language At Sultan Qaboos University, Afraa Ali Al Hosaniyah, Suleiman Saif Al-Ghatami May 2021

The Common Methodological Mistakes In Scientific Researches (Master's Theses) Approved In The Specialization Of Curricula And Methods Of Teaching Arabic Language At Sultan Qaboos University, Afraa Ali Al Hosaniyah, Suleiman Saif Al-Ghatami

Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Research in Higher Education (مجلة اتحاد الجامعات العربية (للبحوث في التعليم العالي

The aim of the study is to identify number of common mistakes in master theses، and to reveal in the approved masters’ theses in 2010، 2018 and 2019، in specialization of Arabic language at department of curriculum and of Teaching in Faculty of Education at Sultan Qaboos University. To achieve this objective، the two researchers prepared list of (66) mistakes. After refereeing and verifying their consistency، they added them into analysis card (Survey tool). The results of analysis :(29) mistakes (43.9%) of total mistakes. Mistake no.(59) "no link between theories and the problem being studied" has ranked in ...


The Relationship Of Transitional Velocity And Some Aspects Of Strength And Physical Characteristics And The Extent Of Their Contribution To The Digital Achievement Level Of The Triple Jump Event, Amal Suleiman Saleh Alzoubi May 2021

The Relationship Of Transitional Velocity And Some Aspects Of Strength And Physical Characteristics And The Extent Of Their Contribution To The Digital Achievement Level Of The Triple Jump Event, Amal Suleiman Saleh Alzoubi

Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Research in Higher Education (مجلة اتحاد الجامعات العربية (للبحوث في التعليم العالي

This research aimed to know the relationship of transition velocity and some types of strength and physical characteristics and the extent of its contribution to the level of digital achievement for the effectiveness of the triple jump.The researcher used the descriptive approach to suit the nature of the study.And to treat the study data statistically, the (SPSS) program was used.The results showed a statistically significant relationship between the translational velocity and the explosive force of the leg muscles and the digital level of the effectiveness of the triple jump, and the absence of a statistically significant relationship ...


The Level Of The Educational Role Of The Academic Advisor In Developing Life Skills For Al-Jouf University Students "Field Study", Naima Omar Al-Daraan May 2021

The Level Of The Educational Role Of The Academic Advisor In Developing Life Skills For Al-Jouf University Students "Field Study", Naima Omar Al-Daraan

Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Research in Higher Education (مجلة اتحاد الجامعات العربية (للبحوث في التعليم العالي

The research aimed to reveal the level of the educational role of the academic advisor in developing the life skills of his students from their point of view. The researcher adopted the descriptive approach and applied the questionnaire. The fields consisted of: scientific cognitive skills, practical skills, Social skills were distributed to a random sample of 425 students from Al-Jouf University, and the apparent and internal questionnaire was verified in addition to making sure of its high coefficient of stability, through the Pearson correlation coefficient and the Cronbach alpha coefficient of persistence The results have shown that the educational role ...


Improving The Quality Of Saudi Universities Services In Light Of The Blue Ocean Strategy "A Proposed Vision", Mohammed Bin Ahmed Al Mosalat, Mohammed Ahmed Gharib Hewehy May 2021

Improving The Quality Of Saudi Universities Services In Light Of The Blue Ocean Strategy "A Proposed Vision", Mohammed Bin Ahmed Al Mosalat, Mohammed Ahmed Gharib Hewehy

Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Research in Higher Education (مجلة اتحاد الجامعات العربية (للبحوث في التعليم العالي

The study aimed to provide a proposed vision to improve the quality of Saudi universities services in light of the Blue Ocean Strategy (BOS). The study used the descriptive and analytical method and a questionnaire applied to a sample of (781) faculty members to collect data. The main results of the study are; applying the dimensions of the quality of Saudi universities services came with an "average degree" (3.00), there were statistically significant differences at (0.05 ≥ α) between the responses due to the variables (university- degree - sex).The differences came in favor of King Khalid University and King ...


The Degree Of High Studies Students At The Faculty Of Educational Sciences In Qassim University Possessing To The Scientific Research Skills From Their Own Perspective., Turki Bin Munwar Bin Sameer Al Moklafee May 2021

The Degree Of High Studies Students At The Faculty Of Educational Sciences In Qassim University Possessing To The Scientific Research Skills From Their Own Perspective., Turki Bin Munwar Bin Sameer Al Moklafee

Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Research in Higher Education (مجلة اتحاد الجامعات العربية (للبحوث في التعليم العالي

This study aimed at investigating the degree of post graduate students possessing to the scientific research skills at the Faculty of Educational Sciences in Qassim University from their own perspective. Where the descriptive method has been adopted. The sample of the study consisted of (78) male and female students, a questionnaire consisted of (50) items divided into eight domains has been applied. The results of the study indicated that the post graduate students Possessing to the scientific research skills showed a moderate degree, and that the domain of references documentation ranked first, while the domain of statistical processing ranked last ...


Media Literacy Instruction In Today’S Classrooms: A Study Of Teachers’ Knowledge, Confidence, And Integration, Tracy A. Mcnelly, Jessica Harvey May 2021

Media Literacy Instruction In Today’S Classrooms: A Study Of Teachers’ Knowledge, Confidence, And Integration, Tracy A. Mcnelly, Jessica Harvey

Journal of Media Literacy Education

Teachers play a critical role in helping to ensure that students leave school with the skills needed to not only be critical consumers of media, but to also be thoughtful and knowledgeable producers of mediated messages. Despite the important role of teachers in media literacy education, we still know very little about teachers’ knowledge of and experiences with media literacy in the classroom. This information is a critical piece in understanding how to best support teachers as they integrate media literacy education within PreK-12 classrooms. The current study seeks to add to the growing body of research in this area ...


How A Hands-On Workshop Offered By Communication Undergraduates In Israel Enhanced Fifth Graders’ News Literacy Skills, Yuval Gozansky May 2021

How A Hands-On Workshop Offered By Communication Undergraduates In Israel Enhanced Fifth Graders’ News Literacy Skills, Yuval Gozansky

Journal of Media Literacy Education

This article describes a project-based academic course, called “Children's News: Theory and Social Involvement”, in which communications undergraduate students worked with fifth graders in Israel to create their own newspapers. This hands-on workshop, developed at Sapir College in the south of Israel, helped children become literate in journalism and Newsmaking. They gained knowledge, writing skills, and self-esteem, as well as a sense of the social impact of journalism. The college students increased their own media literacy, gained pedagogy skills and news editing abilities, and got a glimpse of the point of view of children in a conflict area.


Making Moves: Lateral Reading And Strategic Thinking During Digital Source Evaluation, Elizabeth Walsh-Moorman, Kristine Pytash May 2021

Making Moves: Lateral Reading And Strategic Thinking During Digital Source Evaluation, Elizabeth Walsh-Moorman, Kristine Pytash

Journal of Media Literacy Education

Using screencasting videos as think-alouds, this case study explores the process three high school seniors used when tasked with evaluating digital sources. Drawing from dual level theory of literacy, the study explores the complexities involved when students are asked to conduct informal research of their source (a strategy called lateral reading) in order to improve their ability to uncover potential bias in digital sources. Results indicate that lateral reading encouraged healthy reader skepticism and slowed readers down in the review, but students lacked sophisticated online reading and research strategies.