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University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

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Exploring The Attitudes And Beliefs Of Audiology Students About People Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing, Nancy Grosz Sager Jan 2019

Exploring The Attitudes And Beliefs Of Audiology Students About People Who Are Deaf Or Hard Of Hearing, Nancy Grosz Sager

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This study was undertaken to explore and understand the attitudes and beliefs of audiology students about Deaf and Hard of Hearing people. The problem of practice was that some audiologists continue to advise parents not to sign with their Deaf or Hard of Hearing children. This problem was studied using the conceptual framework of General Systems Theory, looking at the problem through the lens of Critical Disability Theory, to determine if audiology students view Deaf and Hard of Hearing people from a medical model or from a social/cultural model. Using a qualitative case study methodology, I interviewed six first-year ...


Early Care And Education Testimonios At The Borderlands, Jennifer Torres Siders Jan 2019

Early Care And Education Testimonios At The Borderlands, Jennifer Torres Siders

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Latinas represent a large proportion of the United States early care and education workforce, and thus have the potential to wield significant influence over the growth and development of millions of American children. However, the voices of Latina early childhood professionals often are missing in both research and mass media. Instead, social, political, and academic frames cast Latinas as foreign regardless of nationality, uneducated notwithstanding expertise, and passive despite action and influence. This testimonio analysis draws on Chicana feminist epistemology to re-center the perspectives of Latina child care providers and reveal more authentic insights on how they understand and perform ...


The Chief Executive Officer Of Charter Management Organizations And Their Perspective On Instructional Leadership To Improve Student Achievement, Bryce Alan Geigle Jan 2019

The Chief Executive Officer Of Charter Management Organizations And Their Perspective On Instructional Leadership To Improve Student Achievement, Bryce Alan Geigle

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between academic emphasis and executive leadership from the perspective of a California charter management organization (CMO) chief executive officer (CEO). Executive leaders in California CMOs have a unique perspective that needs investigated. They experience educational leadership differently depending upon their individual backgrounds, educational experiences, and the families they serve. This study seeks to understand the experiences of a specific group of executive leaders and how they define academic emphasis in their CMO. The theoretical framework used to interpret the research findings was instructional leadership. The framework effectively built a lens ...


An Autoethnographic Study: An Identity Lost And A Passage Discovered, Simone Shonte Martinez Jan 2019

An Autoethnographic Study: An Identity Lost And A Passage Discovered, Simone Shonte Martinez

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The professional careers of teachers with a chronic illness can sometimes be devastating. This study addresses the insufficient understanding of the identity crisis a teacher goes through when one is suddenly diagnosed with a chronic illness. While researching different types of theories, identity theory best fit this topic and my interest. Within identity theory, there are four perspectives to view identity. The four perspectives are Nature, Institution, Discourse, and Affinity identities. In order to understand identity, one must understand how identity is formed. Chronic illness identity is a change from all other identities that have been constructed. This study uses ...


The Effects Of Attachment And Alliances Within The Family On Student/Teacher Relationships And Disruptive Behavior, Monika J. Mabe Jan 2019

The Effects Of Attachment And Alliances Within The Family On Student/Teacher Relationships And Disruptive Behavior, Monika J. Mabe

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on the effect that attachment status and negative alliances within the family has on disruptive behavior ratings and on the closeness or conflict a child feels with their teacher and the teacher’s subsequent ratings of the severity of Oppositional Defiant Disorder. Structural equation modeling was used to determine the impact attachment status, alliances within the family, and disruptive behavior had on the closeness or conflict a teacher felt with their student and the subsequent ratings of the child’s oppositional behavior.

Negative alliance in the family was not a strong predictor of a child’s disruptive ...


Factors Underlying High School Mathematics Teachers' Perceptions Of Challenging Math Tasks, Mariya Anne Sullivan Jan 2019

Factors Underlying High School Mathematics Teachers' Perceptions Of Challenging Math Tasks, Mariya Anne Sullivan

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

In this confirmatory factor analysis, factors previously identified to explain the variability in Middle School Mathematics Teachers’ perception of the Common Core State Standards of Mathematics were considered as factors hypothesized to effect high school math teachers’ perceptions of challenging math tasks (CMTs). The factor of student characterization (i.e., disposition, academic preparation, and student behavior) was additionally considered as a factor hypothesized to explain teachers’ perceptions of CMTs, as well as site-based variables (i.e., curriculum, assessment and evaluation, professional development, and collaboration). In addition, teachers’ understanding of the importance of the mathematical practice standards and teacher familiarity with ...


Early Childhood Teacher Educators Perception Of Their Own Critical Reflection On Race, Ethnicity, And Culture, Nicole Denise Porter Jan 2019

Early Childhood Teacher Educators Perception Of Their Own Critical Reflection On Race, Ethnicity, And Culture, Nicole Denise Porter

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This study examined three tenured early childhood teacher educators from Northern California community colleges on how they valued critical reflection on race, ethnicity, and culture. A narrative inquiry study was conducted to gather information based on in-depth conversational interviews. A timeline identified key experiences, both personal and professional, as well as educational experiences from elementary through high school, undergraduate, graduate, and post-graduate if applicable. The data was collected from the conversational interviews and then analyzed using the transformative learning theory by Mezirow (1991) in identifying key themes. The findings yielded three themes (a) exploring race, ethnicity, and culture, (b) understanding ...


Faculty Adaptation To Emerging Instructional Technologies In Higher Education, Marilyn Murrillo Jan 2019

Faculty Adaptation To Emerging Instructional Technologies In Higher Education, Marilyn Murrillo

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This study examined how and why faculty adopt podcasting as an instructional technology tool in their teaching. Podcasting is an instructional technology tool being used for teaching and learning in higher education. Faculty may record lectures with audio, video, and/or PowerPoint slides to instruct students on class material. Students may access podcasts at their convenience through various devices, including mobile devices and computers. Research has shown that students who use podcasts to study for tests tend to perform more successfully on tests. This study was a qualitative multiple case study of seven California community college faculty using podcasting as ...


School Disciplinary Responses To Unexcused Absences, Zachary Boswell Jan 2018

School Disciplinary Responses To Unexcused Absences, Zachary Boswell

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative document analysis research study was to explore how public high schools in California create local unexcused absence and truancy policies in similar and different ways. The study used Lipsky’s “street-level bureaucracy” and the American Psychological Association Zero Tolerance Task Force’s definition of “zero tolerance policies” in the conceptual framework. Forty-two California public high school handbooks were qualitatively coded and analyzed for the extent to which their disciplinary responses to unexcused absences were aligned with the ideals of zero tolerance. Schools were purposefully selected to maximize contrasts between specific student demographic groups and school ...


It Is Better: An Autoethnographic Study; "Why" It Is And The Perceived Protective Factors Along The Way, Michael Dennis Cowan Jan 2018

It Is Better: An Autoethnographic Study; "Why" It Is And The Perceived Protective Factors Along The Way, Michael Dennis Cowan

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

LGBTQ individuals have many risk factors and have difficulty navigating going through school because of all the social issues. This study is an autoethnography that looks into the perceived protective factors of a gay male educator. I was challenged to change my dissertation to share my story of being a teacher and dealing with many different risk factors. My committee introduced me to autoethnography and shortly after, I was speaking with a student when the topic of the “It Gets Better” campaign came up. The student said to me, “Prove it.” My dissertation has been a living document with many ...


A Case Study On The Perceived Impact Of Elementary School Departmentalization On Teacher Math Self-Efficacy, Rich Thomas Haley Iii Jan 2018

A Case Study On The Perceived Impact Of Elementary School Departmentalization On Teacher Math Self-Efficacy, Rich Thomas Haley Iii

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a qualitative case study of three elementary teachers that currently teach at a school implementing a departmental structure in Northern California. Data was gathered by interviewing each participant individually and is presented in the form of a narrative for each participant. The purpose of this study was to explore the math self-efficacy of elementary teachers who teach in a school implementing a departmental structure. The research addressed the following question: How does a departmental structure influence the experiences, perceptions, and self-efficacy of elementary teachers as each relates to mathematics instruction? The results of this study demonstrate that ...


Increasing Blacks' Representation And Utilization On The Bone Marrow Registry: An Action-Oriented Needs Assessment, Indria Gillespie Jan 2018

Increasing Blacks' Representation And Utilization On The Bone Marrow Registry: An Action-Oriented Needs Assessment, Indria Gillespie

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this action-oriented needs assessment was to ascertain the knowledge, motivation, and culture (KMC) needs of Blacks regarding joining the Be The Match bone marrow registry and participating in the bone marrow donation process. This needs assessment will be utilized to lay the foundation for an educational and research based nonprofit organization, Angels In Disguise, that I developed. This study will also be used to inform the bone marrow registry of the KMC needs of the Blacks who participated in this study. The data collection came from nine observations, four post-observation surveys, five donor interviews, two prototype development ...


Family Child Care Providers' Perceptions Of Quality Of Training In The Early Head Start Program, Carmen Zuleyma Hercules Jan 2018

Family Child Care Providers' Perceptions Of Quality Of Training In The Early Head Start Program, Carmen Zuleyma Hercules

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

In order to give children quality child care, child care providers need appropriate training and coaching to develop effective teaching practices. Compared to center-based educators, family child care providers tend to have less education and training and offer fewer educational experiences. The purpose of this study was to investigate how family child care providers perceived the quality of Early Head Start training to support professional development, and to identify what professional areas and experiences or activities providers deemed crucial to their professional-development training. Bandura’s (1997) social-cognitive theory described the way people learn from each other, and identified four factors ...


Issues Of Equity Among Team Members In Special Education: Voices Of Parents New To Special Education, Amanda R. Johnson Jan 2018

Issues Of Equity Among Team Members In Special Education: Voices Of Parents New To Special Education, Amanda R. Johnson

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act requires local education agencies to include parents as equal team members in the cultivation of their child’s individual education plan (IEP). Despite law, studies have shown that parents experience barriers to being included in the process. Barriers such as a lack of information, lack of understanding of the law, and feelings of unequal status or power as compared to school district team members have been noted. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions, feelings, and understanding of the initial IEP process as experienced by parents new to the world of ...


Balanced Literacy And Its Impact On The Reading Development Of African American Students, Kelley E. Odipo Jan 2018

Balanced Literacy And Its Impact On The Reading Development Of African American Students, Kelley E. Odipo

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This study represents findings of a case study focused on the connections between balanced literacy and the reading development of African American students in first and second grade. Utilizing a conceptual framework of culturally relevant pedagogy, this study investigated: (a) the ways in which teachers understood and implemented balanced literacy; (b) the role culturally relevant pedagogy played in balanced literacy instruction; and (c) how teachers utilized balanced literacy to support the reading development of African American students. Data from multiple observations of instruction and interviews resulted in the identification of three factors that contributed to the implementation of balanced literacy ...


West Meets East: An Exploration Of The Ways American University Development Officers Can Build Guanxi With Chinese Parents, Jinrui Zhang Mone Jan 2018

West Meets East: An Exploration Of The Ways American University Development Officers Can Build Guanxi With Chinese Parents, Jinrui Zhang Mone

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Because philanthropic support from alumni and their families is an important source of revenue for American colleges and universities, identifying ways to connect with Chinese students and cultivate philanthropic support from their parents is an essential component of fundraising efforts. In this study, I explored how American university advancement officers could employ guanxi to cultivate relationships with Chinese parent donors in order to increase U.S. higher education philanthropy efforts. The concept of guanxi, an important aspect of building and sustaining relationships in China, served as the focus for understanding Chinese parents’ connections with their children’s American universities. I ...


Institutional Diffusion And Implementation Of Internationalization In Higher Education: A Case Study Of G University, Yiwei Qiu Jan 2018

Institutional Diffusion And Implementation Of Internationalization In Higher Education: A Case Study Of G University, Yiwei Qiu

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to provide relevant data and insights that could validate the usefulness of a blended theoretical model of internationalization based on a modified model of van Dijk and Meijer’s internationalization cube with Rogers’ diffusion of innovation theory with the long term of goal of generating a universally applicable theoretical model to help guide other higher education institutions toward successful internationalization. The blended theoretical framework adapted in this study was used to review G University’s (GU) policy, support, and implementation dimensions regarding internationalization and illustrate how internationalization at GU fits into the blended theoretical framework. It was ...


African American Faculty: A Study Of Their Experiences Related To Intercultural Competence At Predominantly White Institutions, Hervey A. Taylor Iii Jan 2018

African American Faculty: A Study Of Their Experiences Related To Intercultural Competence At Predominantly White Institutions, Hervey A. Taylor Iii

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Underrepresentation of faculty of color in higher education is a phenomenon that has been studied and well documented by researchers for many years (e.g., Aguirre, 2000; Aguirre, Martinez, & Hernandez, 1993; Bair, Bair, Mader, Hipp, & Hakim, 2010; Chai et al., 2009; Collins, 1990; Turner & Myers, 2000). This issue is even more evident as it relates to the underrepresentation of African American faculty at predominantly White institutions (PWIs). Many studies have addressed the underrepresentation of African American faculty at PWIs (e.g., Alexander & Moore, 2008; Bower, 2002; Brown & Dancy, 2010; Cleveland, 2004).

According to the United States Department of Commerce, Economic and Statistics Administration, United States Bureau of the Census (2016), African Americans represent 13.3% of the United States total population. However, African American faculty account for 6% of full-time faculty in higher learning institutions in the United States according to the 2016 release of the ...


Co-Teaching: Loss Of Professional Space From The Perspective Of Special Education And General Education Teachers, Cordelia Azumi Yates Jan 2018

Co-Teaching: Loss Of Professional Space From The Perspective Of Special Education And General Education Teachers, Cordelia Azumi Yates

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the perspectives of special and general education teachers on the loss of their professional space because of the co-teaching program. This was accomplished through the qualitative methods of data collection and analysis, by in-depth semi-structured face-to-face interviews that were recorded using an electronic device and note taking. The interviews were conducted individually with six high school teachers from public schools, of which four were special education teachers and two were general education teachers. These interviews revealed that teachers defined professional space as personal identity and felt that the loss of their professional space emotionally impacted them. The ...


Applying Cooperative Development In Exploring College English Teaching In A Large Class Format In China, Fan Yang Jan 2018

Applying Cooperative Development In Exploring College English Teaching In A Large Class Format In China, Fan Yang

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Large class size as a growing phenomenon in developing countries is closely related to two reasons: initiatives to achieve universal education and rapid population growth (Bendow, Mizrachi, Oliver, & Said-Moshiro, 2007; Shehu & Tafida, 2016). Given the fact that the large class phenomenon cannot be eliminated within a reasonable amount of time, it is important for teachers to develop effective strategies to teach English in large classes (Hayes, 1997). The purpose of this study was to understand in what ways post-observation discussions lead to increased self-awareness by a College English teacher of her pedagogy, especially related to large class teaching, and to provide insights ...


Testimonio Of A Migrant English Language Learner (Ell), Steven Thomas Hoy Jan 2018

Testimonio Of A Migrant English Language Learner (Ell), Steven Thomas Hoy

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This story explored the educational experience of a 20 year-old man who came to California from Michoacán, Mexico with his parents and siblings when he was 10 years old. Using qualitative research methodology and testimonio, he and his parents were interviewed to hear and document their stories of his academic journey from the early years in Michoacán to completion of twelfth grade in California. His testimonio, as a migrant English Language Learner (ELL) special education student, who experienced the K-12 Public Education system, provides an in depth view to consider when making educational placement decisions. The ELL student population continues ...


Rate Of Growth In Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners Receiving Intervention Through Multitiered Systems Of Support, Diana Gilbert Jan 2018

Rate Of Growth In Spanish-Speaking English Language Learners Receiving Intervention Through Multitiered Systems Of Support, Diana Gilbert

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Spanish-speaking English language learners (ELLs) encounter challenges in successfully navigating through the United States educational system. With state and federal laws adding to ELLs’ already lower educational outcomes than that of their English-only peers through a reduction of primary language supports and requirement of high stakes testing, consideration is warranted into the evidence-based interventions aimed to support and promote ELLs’ academic success. Within a tiered Response to Intervention (RTI) model, ELLs’ progress can be examined to determine when they demonstrate the need for additional targeted intervention or even referral for special education assessment. Understanding this progress begins by analyzing ELLs ...


Social And Emotional Effects Of A School Lottery On Gifted Adolescents: A Retrospective, Adrianne Michelle Go-Miller Jan 2018

Social And Emotional Effects Of A School Lottery On Gifted Adolescents: A Retrospective, Adrianne Michelle Go-Miller

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Gifted adolescents who experienced a randomized lottery process to continue attending their school are the focus of this study. For more than 10 years, sixth-grade students at a Northern California school for gifted students have participated in a lottery process to continue attending their school for seventh and eighth grades. This study describes the reflections of nine lottery participants, and the social and emotional effects that a school lottery has on adolescents. The student perspectives were gained through in-person interviews and participants’ written impressions. Stress and anxiety were commonly endured by all participants. The study explores other effects such as ...


Elementary Teachers’ Perceptions Of Children Living In Conditions Of Poverty, Terri J. Robinson Jan 2018

Elementary Teachers’ Perceptions Of Children Living In Conditions Of Poverty, Terri J. Robinson

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzed elementary teachers’ perceptions of their challenges working with children who live in conditions of poverty. This study found that teachers often work with children from very difficult situations, including exposure to alcohol, drugs, violence, and abandonment. This study found that no matter the challenges teachers encounter daily, they remain motivated, dedicated and determined to take the necessary steps to meet the needs of their students. One way they do this is by using Culturally Responsive Pedagogy, which attempts to include various aspects of their students’ daily lives and interests in the curriculum. The teachers in this study ...


Roles Of Parents’ Capitals In Children’S Educational Opportunities, Liping Pan Jan 2018

Roles Of Parents’ Capitals In Children’S Educational Opportunities, Liping Pan

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Bourdieu, the French sociologist, proposed some significant concepts (e.g., habitus, capital and field) to help to explain how social agents play roles in social occurrences. Among his theories, Bourdieu’s trilogy of economic capital, social capital and cultural capital has now been used as a powerful theoretical framework to explain class reproduction and education equity. Over the past decades, his theories have begun to be introduced and recognized in Chinese academic world. And this research attempts to see whether this western theory works in the Chinese educational context.

Shanghai, one of the biggest cities in China, has a huge ...


Evaluating Dental Students’ Preferences Of The Current Assessment Methods Used In Dental Education And Their Impact On Learning Approaches, Hanadi Alenezi Jan 2018

Evaluating Dental Students’ Preferences Of The Current Assessment Methods Used In Dental Education And Their Impact On Learning Approaches, Hanadi Alenezi

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Assessment is a critical component of the educational experience. The purpose of this study was to examine dental students’ assessment preferences and their relation to students’ approaches to learning. The study also investigates the impact of gender, age, GPA and class level on dental students’ assessment preferences. Two hundred sixteen dental students at University of the Pacific Arthur Dugoni School of Dentistry have completed a self-reported 67-item questionnaire. Open-ended questions requiring long answers were the least preferred assessment method as perceived by the dental students, while multiple-choice questions are the most preferred assessment method. Deep approach to learning was significantly ...


Psychological, Academic And Demographic Variables Affecting Students’ Academic Achievement Among First Year College Students In Saudi Arabia, Ahmed Alonazi Jan 2018

Psychological, Academic And Demographic Variables Affecting Students’ Academic Achievement Among First Year College Students In Saudi Arabia, Ahmed Alonazi

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

There are many factors that affect academic achievement among first year college students in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to improve our understanding of academic achievement of first year college students in Saudi Arabia by investigating the relationship between a selection of demographic, academic, and psychological variables and their effects on first-year students’ GPA. All first-year students admitted to the King Saud University in fall 2016 or spring 2017 were invited to complete a self-report survey. 1457 students have completed and submitted the survey. Multiple regression analysis was performed with all independent variables in order to determine ...


Formation Of Professional Identity: Elementary Teachers Who Transition To University-Based Teacher Education, Patricia L. Burgess Jan 2018

Formation Of Professional Identity: Elementary Teachers Who Transition To University-Based Teacher Education, Patricia L. Burgess

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study inquired into the ways university-based teacher educators who taught in elementary grades had come to understand and describe their professional identity within the context of higher education. Additionally, the study explored their personal motives in becoming a teacher educator and the challenges and received support as they transitioned into higher education. Further, it investigated how their previous teaching experiences and identity were relevant to their new roles and identity as university-based teacher educators, and how they have come to understand their beliefs about teaching and learning within the context of higher education.

This study followed a qualitative ...


Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder Support While Attending A Four-Year Institution Of Higher Education, Laurie J. Koehler Crawford Jan 2018

Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder Support While Attending A Four-Year Institution Of Higher Education, Laurie J. Koehler Crawford

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The number of children being diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), an impairment that affects an individual’s social-communication abilities and behavior, is currently 1 in 68. An estimated 50,000 students who have ASD are reaching adulthood and exiting secondary education annually―a phenomenon known as the Autism Tsunami. There is a lack of services available to support this wave of young adults with ASD to be self-sustaining, contributing members of their communities. This is evidenced by the 37% of adults in their early 20s, who have ASD, and who have never worked or attended any postsecondary educational program ...


Incivility And Abrasive Conduct In Institutions Of Higher Learning And The Ombuds Role, Hector Escalante Jan 2018

Incivility And Abrasive Conduct In Institutions Of Higher Learning And The Ombuds Role, Hector Escalante

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Current research indicates that abrasive conduct or incivility is on the rise in higher education and Ombuds are in a unique position to address this behavior. By applying transcendental phenomenological methodology to examine Ombuds experience when handling these types of cases and how the complex structures of higher education impact what they do, this study provides insights into how other institutions and organizations can address the rise in abrasive conduct amongst university faculty, staff and students. I interviewed ten university Ombuds experienced with cases of incivility, and I asked them open-ended questions regarding how they define and identify abrasive conduct ...