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Full-Text Articles in Education

Distributed Leadership For Equity And Excellence In Mathematics: An Elementary School Case Study, Comfort Enono Akwaji-Anderson Jan 2017

Distributed Leadership For Equity And Excellence In Mathematics: An Elementary School Case Study, Comfort Enono Akwaji-Anderson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The need for schools to develop and implement actions that will clearly improve the academic performance of all children is of great importance. Schools face pressure to improve K-12 mathematics instruction to reach all students, regardless of economic, linguistic, or cultural background (NCSM, 2008, 2016). Supporting academic excellence and equity in school mathematics requires strong leadership (Blankstein & Noguera, 2015). Recognizing that leadership in a school does not fall on the shoulders of just one person (Spillane & Healey, 2010, p. 256), the purpose of this case study was to explore the “how” of leadership, specifically the leadership practices that get us to the “why” (e.g., equity) and “what” (e.g., leadership for excellence) of mathematics education. The overarching question driving this research was: “What are the leadership practices that are intended to promote equity and excellence in mathematics education?” Using Spillane, Halverson, & Diamond’s Distributed Leadership Perspective (2004), the goal was to understand the respective distributed roles teachers and other individuals took in the process of achieving equity and excellence in mathematics at one elementary school. Formal (e.g., Head of School, Central Office Administrator) and Informal (e.g., teachers and parents) leaders were interviewed and observed. Data analysis focused on identifying the macro-functions (e.g., overall leadership practices) and micro-tasks (e.g., day-to-day, short-term tasks) that leaders engaged in to promote equity and excellence. Leadership practices were focused in three areas: Supporting the Teaching/Learning of all Students; Supporting the Teaching of Diverse Students; and Parent/Family Connection. Five primary categories of leadership practices were identified: Relationship, Instruction Support, School Climate, and Parent Involvement.

Despite the importance of family engagement, teachers faced challenges communicating to parents, getting them to help with ...


Community College Leadership In The Midwest: Pathways, Preparation, And Competencies, Robinette Kelley Jan 2017

Community College Leadership In The Midwest: Pathways, Preparation, And Competencies, Robinette Kelley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study is to examine current Midwestern community college leaders’ demographics, educational backgrounds, career pathways, career preparation, diversity and inclusion competencies, and competencies in accord with the 2013 American Association of Community Colleges’ (AACC’s) Competencies for Community College Leaders as well as the leaders’ transformational skills embedded in those competencies. This research study expands upon the work of Duree (2007), which included research on community college presidents’ or chief executive officers’ (CEOs’) informal and formal leadership preparation, educational backgrounds, experiences, and self-ranking of the importance as well as their level of preparation in the AACC ...


Challenges Of Accrediting Distance Education Allied Health Programs With Clinical Components, Auburne Kay Deming Hutchins Jan 2016

Challenges Of Accrediting Distance Education Allied Health Programs With Clinical Components, Auburne Kay Deming Hutchins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study examined the challenges of assessing allied health education programs with clinical components offered in a distance education (DE) format from the perspective of the educational accreditor. As technology continues to expand our virtual horizons of educational opportunity, so does the ability to offer programs of higher education in ways that before may have never been imagined possible. The mark of a high quality education in healthcare is that the student graduates from an accredited program. It is the responsibility of the accrediting body to ensure that these programs meet all of the necessary standards, regardless of the ...


Conceptualization And Practice Of Information Literacy Instruction In Community Colleges, April Lynne Anderson Jan 2016

Conceptualization And Practice Of Information Literacy Instruction In Community Colleges, April Lynne Anderson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This interpretive multi-case study methodology was conducted with five sites using interviews, observations, and document analysis to answer two research questions: (1) How do community colleges and their libraries' instructional mission statements/statements of purpose conceptualize and understand information literacy? and (2) How are Information Literacy Instruction Programs providing students information literacy instruction, as demonstrated in classroom information literacy instruction sessions? The problem is that students who graduate with an associate's degree and enter the workforce or transfer to university and have not had IL instruction will be at a disadvantage compared to students who have had access to ...


Community College Academic Advisors And The Challenge Of Access In The Age Of Completion, Wendy Sue Robinson Jan 2016

Community College Academic Advisors And The Challenge Of Access In The Age Of Completion, Wendy Sue Robinson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to examine the impact of the college completion movement on the historical commitment to open access that serves as an essential part of the community college mission. Using the experiences of academic advisors as a lens, this mixed methods study describes how academic advisors feel about issues related to access, enrollment, and completion. Use of both a survey and one-on-one interviews revealed that academic advisors strongly support open access in theory, but the very real pressures to meet both enrollment and completion goals has led to feelings of frustration and mistrust of their administration and a willingness ...


The Lived Experiences Of College Students With A Learning Disability And/Or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Sarah Jean Lux Jan 2016

The Lived Experiences Of College Students With A Learning Disability And/Or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Sarah Jean Lux

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The body of research concerning college students with disabilities is sparse relative to the percentage of disabled college students who attend college. Further, the majority of existing research fails to capture the student voice and the lived experiences of the students themselves. This dissertation explores the experiences of college students with learning disabilities (LD) or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), examines the experiences that are particularly formative in their development and self-awareness as learners, and considers the role of disability in how the students think of themselves as learners. Using a qualitative, phenomenological research framework, this study uses in-depth individual ...


International Student-Athlete Experiences At The Ncaa Division I Level, Eric Ryan Bentzinger Jan 2016

International Student-Athlete Experiences At The Ncaa Division I Level, Eric Ryan Bentzinger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study focused on the experiences of seven non-native-English-speaking international student-athletes at an NCAA Division I, large, public, research institution. The experiences of the participants detailed their time prior to attending the institution, while enrolled, and plans after graduation. While previous literature on this topic existed, there was a paucity that positioned the international student-athletes, themselves, at the center of the research. Prior literature was largely quantitative. In an effort to avoid cross-institutional analysis and also due to accessibility of participants, all were selected from the same institution. The participants partook in a lengthy interview (at least one hour ...


Humanizing Education: Teacher Leaders Influencing Pedagogical Change, Lindsay Paige Law Jan 2015

Humanizing Education: Teacher Leaders Influencing Pedagogical Change, Lindsay Paige Law

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A humanizing education relies on the pedagogy of educators to influence, navigate, and coexist within the sociopolitical context and practices of teacher leaders, students, administration, and community members. Constructing beliefs and practices around a humanizing education focuses on the cultural, historical, and contextual realities and experiences of the learner. Previous research has explored pedagogical theory and gained attention around humanizing practices that emphasize the student as a valued asset and active member of the learning process. Opposing pedagogy supports the standardization, mechanization, and one-size-fits-all model that emphasizes quantification, measurement, and high-stakes accountability for teachers and students (Salazar, 2013; Giroux, 2001 ...


Faculty Preparedness For Transition To Teaching Online Courses In The Iowa Community College Online Consortium, David Muturia Lichoro Jan 2015

Faculty Preparedness For Transition To Teaching Online Courses In The Iowa Community College Online Consortium, David Muturia Lichoro

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The recent growth of the internet has had a large impact on education and caused a growing demand for online courses at community colleges. There has also been a demand for hybrid courses, which offer a compromise between the flexibility of online courses and the personal interaction of face-to-face courses. Online and hybrid courses provide new educational opportunities for students who are unable to attend traditional face-to-face classes because of conflicts due to work and other responsibilities. This is particularly true of community college students, who are often nontraditional adult learners. Although students and institutions can clearly benefit from increasing ...


Boots On The Ground: Examining Transition Factors For Military And Veteran Student Academic Success, Denise Nicole Williams Jan 2015

Boots On The Ground: Examining Transition Factors For Military And Veteran Student Academic Success, Denise Nicole Williams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The number of military and veteran students entering higher education continues to grow rapidly; nevertheless, there is a paucity of institutional research from which to draw recommendations about how the college transition translates to academic success and persistence. The purpose of this study was to identify the demographic characteristics, financial, academic, and personal experiences and campus relationships during military and veteran students' transitions to a college or university that predict grade point average (GPA) and intent to return. This study utilized a cross-sectional, non-experimental survey design to determine the relationship between study factors, cumulative GPA, and the level to which ...


Influencing Institutional Change Through State Policy: Rural Community College Responses To Performance-Based Funding Models, Zoë Mercedes Thornton Jan 2015

Influencing Institutional Change Through State Policy: Rural Community College Responses To Performance-Based Funding Models, Zoë Mercedes Thornton

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The accountability theme within higher education resonates throughout campus programming, state budgeting, and federal legislative review sessions. Most notably, the design and implementation of state-level performance-based funding (PBF) models can be found in more states than not; indeed, twenty-five states had PBF models in place as of December, 2013, with another fifteen states transitioning to or in formal discussions of this funding phenomenon (Friedel, Thornton & Katsinas, 2014). This research study has identified a gap in the current literature regarding the actual organizational impacts of PBF models on rural community colleges. In an attempt to fill the void in the available ...


The Middle Of Somewhere: An Exploration Of Rural Women, Communities Of Place, And College-Going, Kathleen Erin Gillon Jan 2015

The Middle Of Somewhere: An Exploration Of Rural Women, Communities Of Place, And College-Going, Kathleen Erin Gillon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

It has been well documented that rural students attend college at a rate lower than urban students as well as below the national average, despite the fact that rural students tend to graduate from high school at a higher rate than students in urban schools. Previous scholarship has attributed this post-secondary educational pattern to individual factors such as student aspirations and attainment as well as cultural and social capital at the familial level. Less attention has been given to the role of community context and the capital present at the community level in shaping rural student’s college-going practices and ...


Seeking Success: Program Improvement Plans As A Strategy To Increase Pass Rates On The National Licensure Exam, Virginia Sue Wangerin Jan 2015

Seeking Success: Program Improvement Plans As A Strategy To Increase Pass Rates On The National Licensure Exam, Virginia Sue Wangerin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nursing is a practice profession that has long been regarded with esteem and trust by the public. The education of nurses is a process that has evolved over the last 150 years from apprenticeship-based training to an academic program grounded in the arts and sciences. Nurses must successfully learn a rigorous academic curriculum, demonstrate application of knowledge and skills in the clinical setting, and pass a national licensure exam to practice their profession. Boards of nursing are legislated the responsibility of protecting the public by assuring that nurses who practice in their state are safe, competent, and ethical practitioners. This ...


The Role Of Professional Development In Adjunct Nursing Faculty Identity Salience, Jared Dean Seliger Jan 2015

The Role Of Professional Development In Adjunct Nursing Faculty Identity Salience, Jared Dean Seliger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this mixed methods study was to understand how adjunct nursing faculty integrate their pedagogical professional development (PD) experiences to develop identity salience as an educator, and understand how PD affects their perceptions of commitment, satisfaction, and time spent in the adjunct role. Administrators of nursing programs can use the results as evidence of the importance of providing PD to their adjunct faculty. Ten adjunct nursing faculty who participated in PD were interviewed using phenomenological qualitative methods comprised of interviewing and gathering field notes. The themes emerging from the interview revealed that ongoing PD fosters a teaching identity ...


Working For Justice: The Life History Reflections Of Privileged College Student Social Justice Allies, Timothy Packard Phillips Jan 2015

Working For Justice: The Life History Reflections Of Privileged College Student Social Justice Allies, Timothy Packard Phillips

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This phenomenological life history study examined the dynamics that led privileged college students to engage in social justice work. I explored how privileged college students were led to understand how individuals get opportunities in life and ultimately achieve success. Also, I explored what moments or elements caused participants to question what they had learned and what barriers they faced to engaging in work for justice. All findings contributed to understanding what led privileged college students to engage in work for a more just environment. Using the social construction of dominant group privilege and ally development theory as the theoretical frameworks ...


Beyond Tenured: Analysis Of The Influence Of Department Chair Role Conflict, Stress, Job Satisfaction And Their Likelihood To Serve For Another Term, Agustina Veny Purnamasari Jan 2015

Beyond Tenured: Analysis Of The Influence Of Department Chair Role Conflict, Stress, Job Satisfaction And Their Likelihood To Serve For Another Term, Agustina Veny Purnamasari

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the influence of job stress, role conflict, and job satisfaction on department chairs’ likelihood to serve for another term. Analyzing factors that affect department chairs’ decisions to serve for another term is important. The results of this analysis not only revealed the struggles faced by the department chairs, but they also provided university central administrators with the feedback to address the department chairs’ needs and to attract faculty members for this middle manager position.

The participants of this study were the department chairs of seventy land grant universities, specifically those who serve in the fields of agriculture ...


English As A Second Language Courses: A Path To College? A Study Of Noncredit Esl Students And Their Patterns Of Matriculation To Community College, Anne Marie Howsare Boyens Jan 2015

English As A Second Language Courses: A Path To College? A Study Of Noncredit Esl Students And Their Patterns Of Matriculation To Community College, Anne Marie Howsare Boyens

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzed existing student record data on the 2005 to 2014 student enrollment in noncredit English as a Second Language courses at Des Moines Area Community College, Urban Campus to identify demographic factors and course-taking patterns that predicted matriculation or nonmatriculation to community college courses. This study concentrated on three theories to support the research: the first of these was Bean’s (1981) student attrition model, the second was Becker’s (1964) theory of human capital, and third was Hagedorn Maxwell, Chen, Cypers, and Moon’s (2007) theory of Latino community college students as a critical mass. Statistical analyses ...


From International Deployments To An Iowa Community College: Experiences Of Veterans Who Have Made The Transition, Seth David Gilbert Jan 2015

From International Deployments To An Iowa Community College: Experiences Of Veterans Who Have Made The Transition, Seth David Gilbert

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to describe the experiences of veterans who have made the transition from international deployments to an Iowa community college. The essence of these experiences was solicited by asking the question: How do veterans who have made the transition from international deployments to an Iowa community college describe their experiences? Constructionism provided the epistemological foundation for this study. An interpretivist perspective was used to analyze data collected via face-to-face interviews, participant observation, and document evaluation. Van Gennep’s liminality theory provided a theoretical lens through which to interpret that analysis. This interpretation revealed six ...


Latin@ Identity Politics In Higher Education: Unveiling Representations Of Whiteness In Latin@ Culture, Michael Benitez Jr. Jan 2015

Latin@ Identity Politics In Higher Education: Unveiling Representations Of Whiteness In Latin@ Culture, Michael Benitez Jr.

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This theoretical research project examines research and literature utilizing different critical lenses to assist in promoting alternative ethnoracial understandings of Latin@ness in the context of higher education. This dissertation sought to problematize and complement how Latin@ student identity development theory and Latin@ Critical Theory are framed and used, and fuses different theoretical bodies of scholarly work to help reveal gaps in current literature that fill a significant void in, and complement current literature on Latin@ identity and culture. This project consist of varying conversations between Latin@ cultural formation, Latin@ oriented theoretical lenses, postcolonialism, antiracism, whiteness and higher education, to ...


Academic Engagement Of International Students At Community Colleges: A Culturally Sensitive Measurement Model, Elena Nefedova Dodge Jan 2015

Academic Engagement Of International Students At Community Colleges: A Culturally Sensitive Measurement Model, Elena Nefedova Dodge

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this quantitative study was academic engagement of international students at community colleges. By highlighting the role of cultural heritage in students’ engagement preferences, this study sought to create a culturally sensitive measurement model of academic engagement of international students linking research-based knowledge about college student engagement and the influence of culture on educational processes. The proposed culturally sensitive model of academic engagement of international students was tested against data from 184 international students at community colleges, and the results indicate a good fit. The findings suggest that academic engagement of international students can be defined as a ...


Textual Silences And The (Re)Presentation Of Black Undergraduate Women In Higher Education Journals: A Critical Discourse Analysis, Kimberly Deion Everett Jan 2015

Textual Silences And The (Re)Presentation Of Black Undergraduate Women In Higher Education Journals: A Critical Discourse Analysis, Kimberly Deion Everett

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Academic journals serve as a discipline’s official discourse reflecting what has been deemed important in that discipline at a specific point in time. For the better part of 20 years, discourses in the field of student affairs have constructed Black men as a population in need of specific attention. The proliferation of scholarship on Black men and a surface examination of quantitative data have left many with the impression that Black women students are succeeding.

This study problematizes the assumptions regarding the status of Black undergraduate women by examining how the population is discursively represented in higher education journals ...


New Reverse Transfer: A Case Study Analysis Of Implementation Between A Community College And A Four-Year Institution, Sarah Lynn Wilson Jan 2015

New Reverse Transfer: A Case Study Analysis Of Implementation Between A Community College And A Four-Year Institution, Sarah Lynn Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The new reverse transfer has emerged in recent years as an innovative pathway for degree completion. The term, once used to refer to students who transferred to a community college from a four-year institution, has undergone a contextual change (Hagedorn & Castro, 1999; Townsend & Dever, 1999; Yang, 2006). The term today has a new application and references a different pathway, which refers to students who transfer credits from a community college to a four-year institution and retroactively earn a two-year degree with their newly earned four-year college credits (Bragg, Cullen, Bennett, & Rudd, 2011; Friedel & Wilson, 2015; Marling, 2012). The reverse transfer pathway has emerged as community colleges pursue innovative ...


Homesick At College: A Predictive Model For First-Year First-Time Students, Jie Sun Jan 2015

Homesick At College: A Predictive Model For First-Year First-Time Students, Jie Sun

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study intends to bridge the gap between understanding homesickness as a merely psychological phenomenon and the paucity of literature on homesickness in the field of higher education, the goals of which include: (1) to advance understanding about the experiences of homesickness in the first-year first-time college students; (2) to identify the characteristics of first-year first-time college students who suffer severe homesickness and to examine how they resemble or differ from other students who experience homesickness only in a mild form; (3) to develop an integrative model of predicting first-year first-time college students’ degree of homesickness which will shed light ...


Teacher Perception Of And Experience With State Mandated Implementation Of Multi-Tiered Systems Of Support/Response To Intervention, Marcy Rose Hahn Jan 2015

Teacher Perception Of And Experience With State Mandated Implementation Of Multi-Tiered Systems Of Support/Response To Intervention, Marcy Rose Hahn

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Background/context: Until recently, the use of Multi-tiered Systems of Support/Response to Intervention (MTSS/RtI) in Iowa has been limited to identifying students who need special education services. In December 2011, the Iowa Department of Education (IDOE) released a document announcing the timeline for mandatory implementation of MTSS/RtI in all classrooms in all public Pre-K-12 schools. The IDOE document outlined an initial sequence of steps that schools would follow. The sequence began with providing evidence-based instruction in math and reading for kindergarten through sixth grade. Based on the IDOE timeline, this study examines the early implementation process as ...


Stem Aspiration: The Influence Of Social Capital And Chilly Climate On Female Community College Students, John Richard Jorstad Jan 2015

Stem Aspiration: The Influence Of Social Capital And Chilly Climate On Female Community College Students, John Richard Jorstad

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this investigation is to generate a better understanding of the demographic, social, and cultural characteristics that affect the science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) aspirations and transfer intentions of female students who are enrolled in a community college. Specifically, the purpose of this research study was to: 1) study how social capital, students' engagement with institutional agents (for the current study, the researcher conceives an institutional agent as an academic advisor/counselor), and chilly climate at a community college can be measured, 2) investigate whether these factors contributed to the STEM aspirations and transfer intentions of these ...


Teaching With The End In Mind: A Teacher's Life History As A Legacy Of Educational Leaders, Daryl Adam Ward Oct 2014

Teaching With The End In Mind: A Teacher's Life History As A Legacy Of Educational Leaders, Daryl Adam Ward

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the life history of a female teacher by examining her beliefs about leaving a teaching legacy and by analyzing the narratives of four educational leaders as they reflect on the generative behaviors of this teacher. The research questions guiding this study were: (a) What elements of this teacher's life history contributed to creating a legacy of educational leaders? (b) What are the perspectives of the educational leaders impacted by this teacher as they relate to crafting an educational legacy? (c) How do the life stories of the teacher and educational leaders ...


Stopping Out: Experiences Of African American Females At A Midwestern Community College, Shanna Latisha Fountain Jan 2014

Stopping Out: Experiences Of African American Females At A Midwestern Community College, Shanna Latisha Fountain

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the experiences of African American female community college students who stop out, and interpret how their gender and race have influenced these lived experiences. Based on the research questions, a constructivist, narrative analysis was used to capture the experiences of the participants of this study as well as analyze the environment of their personal lives as the institution in which they have all attended.

A total of six participants were interviewed. Three semi-structured interviews were held to provide a clear understanding of each participant's experiences. When combined and analyzed, the narratives ...


Trustee Perceptions Of Effective Board Functioning: A Survey Of Elected Community College Trustees In The Midwest, Michelle Robinson Jan 2014

Trustee Perceptions Of Effective Board Functioning: A Survey Of Elected Community College Trustees In The Midwest, Michelle Robinson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Community college governance boards in the United States are comprised of public officials who are appointed or publicly elected from the community in which their college resides. The purpose of these governance boards is to oversee the community college with respect to mission, strategic direction of the College, hiring the CEO/President and accepting fiduciary responsibility. The fiduciary role of board members, also known as trustees, has become more critical as funding sources have been on the decline. The reality of diminishing budgets has also sparked an increase in outcomes-based accountability, with stakeholders expecting their community college to act ...


Path To Power: A Narrative Inquiry Of The Life Journeys Of Elca College Presidents At Selected Institutions, Wesley Harris Brooks Jan 2014

Path To Power: A Narrative Inquiry Of The Life Journeys Of Elca College Presidents At Selected Institutions, Wesley Harris Brooks

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study focused on the life journeys of four ELCA college presidents. Specifically, it examined how life journeys informed their ascendency to the presidency. In this study, life journeys are defined as "the professional and personal happenings the participants experienced during their professional years prior to earning an ELCA presidency." Life journeys include career paths, impactful professional experiences, personal relationships, the formation of self-identity, and other meaningful transitions as identified by the participants.

Numerous studies exist about the career paths of higher education administrators (Amey & VanDerLinden, 2002; Birnbaum & Umbach, 2001; Brown, 2000; Campbell, Mueller, & Souza, 2010; Jackson & Harris, 2005; Song & Hartley, 2012; Munoz, 2006; Green, 1983). College president transitions ...


Socialized Scholarship: The Role Of Departmental Socialization On The Institutionalization Of Boyer's Scholarship At One Large Research Institution, Christine Kay Twait Jan 2014

Socialized Scholarship: The Role Of Departmental Socialization On The Institutionalization Of Boyer's Scholarship At One Large Research Institution, Christine Kay Twait

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The intent of this study was to build on previous works in an effort to establish new methods and frameworks to help understand why little has changed in faculty scholarship more than twenty years after Scholarship Reconsidered. A premise of this study is that the institutionalization of new domains of faculty scholarship in a university or college is a function of what scholarly domains the faculty are socialized in their departments to conduct.

The study revised the instrument used in Institutionalizing a Broader View of Scholarship Through Boyer's Four Domains, and implemented the new instrument with all full-time ...