Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 74

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Program Evaluation Of A Worksite Wellness Initiative For Weight Loss, Nicholas Martinez Jul 2017

A Program Evaluation Of A Worksite Wellness Initiative For Weight Loss, Nicholas Martinez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to conduct a program evaluation of ACME’s worksite weight loss initiative and collect evidence relative to the efficacy of the program. An anonymous online survey was administered to participants of the weight loss initiative. The survey was designed to gather information relative to the research questions, which explored the initiative’s barriers to participation, alignment of initiative with the goals of participants, utilization of initiative resources, overall strengths, weaknesses, and areas of improvement for the weight loss initiative, as well as the respondents’ general profile for the six dimensions of wellness. Reporting of ...


When Trauma Disrupts Learning: A Neuroeducation-Informed Professional Learning Experience, Cara Megan Wright Jan 2017

When Trauma Disrupts Learning: A Neuroeducation-Informed Professional Learning Experience, Cara Megan Wright

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This action research study analyzed the creation and implementation of a professional development about trauma, informed by Arwood’s Neuro-semantic Language Learning Theory and Noddings’ ethic of care. The purpose of this study was two-fold. The first was to create a professional learning experience for teachers on trauma to include perspectives from neuroscience, psychology, and language research. The second purpose was to determine if participation in that professional learning experience shifted educators’ beliefs about trauma and learning.

I completed two cycles of action research to address each purpose. In the first cycle, I collected qualitative data from five expert panelists ...


Distributed Leadership For Equity And Excellence In Mathematics: An Elementary School Case Study, Comfort Enono Akwaji-Anderson Jan 2017

Distributed Leadership For Equity And Excellence In Mathematics: An Elementary School Case Study, Comfort Enono Akwaji-Anderson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The need for schools to develop and implement actions that will clearly improve the academic performance of all children is of great importance. Schools face pressure to improve K-12 mathematics instruction to reach all students, regardless of economic, linguistic, or cultural background (NCSM, 2008, 2016). Supporting academic excellence and equity in school mathematics requires strong leadership (Blankstein & Noguera, 2015). Recognizing that leadership in a school does not fall on the shoulders of just one person (Spillane & Healey, 2010, p. 256), the purpose of this case study was to explore the “how” of leadership, specifically the leadership practices that get us to the “why” (e.g., equity) and “what” (e.g., leadership for excellence) of mathematics education. The overarching question driving this research was: “What are the leadership practices that are intended to promote equity and excellence in mathematics education?” Using Spillane, Halverson, & Diamond’s Distributed Leadership Perspective (2004), the goal was to understand the respective distributed roles teachers and other individuals took in the process of achieving equity and excellence in mathematics at one elementary school. Formal (e.g., Head of School, Central Office Administrator) and Informal (e.g., teachers and parents) leaders were interviewed and observed. Data analysis focused on identifying the macro-functions (e.g., overall leadership practices) and micro-tasks (e.g., day-to-day, short-term tasks) that leaders engaged in to promote equity and excellence. Leadership practices were focused in three areas: Supporting the Teaching/Learning of all Students; Supporting the Teaching of Diverse Students; and Parent/Family Connection. Five primary categories of leadership practices were identified: Relationship, Instruction Support, School Climate, and Parent Involvement.

Despite the importance of family engagement, teachers faced challenges communicating to parents, getting them to help with ...


A Qualitative Study Of How Teacher Perceptions Within A 1:1 Ipadã‚® Program May Contribute To Changes In Teacher Practices, Eric Christopher Shafer Jan 2017

A Qualitative Study Of How Teacher Perceptions Within A 1:1 Ipadã‚® Program May Contribute To Changes In Teacher Practices, Eric Christopher Shafer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Background: Schools around the United States are implementing costly school-wide 1:1 iPad programs to support student learning. Technology integration in schools has the potential to influence teachers to include more student-centered approaches. Student-centered approaches can be defined as methods of teaching and learning that place more responsibility on students. Numerous studies suggest that key elements of student-centered approaches incorporate student activity and engagement into the learning process. The increase in access to technology that is afforded students by school-wide 1:1 iPad programs can potentially bring about a change in teacher practices.

Purpose: The primary purpose of this ...


Reification, Resistance, And Transformation? The Impact Of Migration And Demographics On Linguistic, Racial, And Ethnic Identity And Equity In Educational Systems: An Applied Approach, Rebecca Ann Campbell Nov 2016

Reification, Resistance, And Transformation? The Impact Of Migration And Demographics On Linguistic, Racial, And Ethnic Identity And Equity In Educational Systems: An Applied Approach, Rebecca Ann Campbell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Using an applied anthropological approach focused on language, this study investigates the relationship between linguistic, racial, and ethnic identities and school resource access in the context of migration. This project examines how these identities are established, experienced, reified, and resisted by various school actors. Exposing power at its roots through a multi-level analysis, this research informs on how people negotiate socialization into particular identities, propelling them toward positions in school and society of varying opportunity.

Focused on two elementary schools in a central Florida county that has been and is undergoing demographic changes, this work offers applications for educational institutions ...


Motivation For Mathematics: The Development And Initial Validation Of An Abbreviated Instrument, Kenneth Lee Butler Apr 2016

Motivation For Mathematics: The Development And Initial Validation Of An Abbreviated Instrument, Kenneth Lee Butler

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study outlines the development and initial validation of an abbreviated instrument intended to measure motivation for mathematics of university students in developmental algebra courses. I look across many of the predominant theories on motivation with the aim of representing several of these theories as latent constructs in a single instrument that is short enough to be administered in a reasonable amount of time, but inclusive enough that it could incorporate subscales representing multiple distinct latent factors. This study answers a call by researchers expressing a need to investigate relationships between disparate theories on motivation and is a response to ...


International Student-Athlete Experiences At The Ncaa Division I Level, Eric Ryan Bentzinger Jan 2016

International Student-Athlete Experiences At The Ncaa Division I Level, Eric Ryan Bentzinger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study focused on the experiences of seven non-native-English-speaking international student-athletes at an NCAA Division I, large, public, research institution. The experiences of the participants detailed their time prior to attending the institution, while enrolled, and plans after graduation. While previous literature on this topic existed, there was a paucity that positioned the international student-athletes, themselves, at the center of the research. Prior literature was largely quantitative. In an effort to avoid cross-institutional analysis and also due to accessibility of participants, all were selected from the same institution. The participants partook in a lengthy interview (at least one hour ...


A Study Of Teaching Methods To Enhance Creativity And Critical Thinking In Graphic Design, Samantha Colleen Barbour Jan 2016

A Study Of Teaching Methods To Enhance Creativity And Critical Thinking In Graphic Design, Samantha Colleen Barbour

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Progress and change are important to improving old processes and educational

methods are not an exception to these facts of life. Numerous studies have been conducted on different learning styles and methods individuals use to transfer what they learn to new

situations. However, most of these studies do not reflect on what this research means for

designers, specifically graphic designers. Graphic designers play many roles as problem solvers, critical thinkers, and creative strategists. Generally speaking, success in graphic design is measured by the strength of a solution’s creativity. When a solution is creative it tends to address the need ...


The Lived Experiences Of College Students With A Learning Disability And/Or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Sarah Jean Lux Jan 2016

The Lived Experiences Of College Students With A Learning Disability And/Or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Sarah Jean Lux

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The body of research concerning college students with disabilities is sparse relative to the percentage of disabled college students who attend college. Further, the majority of existing research fails to capture the student voice and the lived experiences of the students themselves. This dissertation explores the experiences of college students with learning disabilities (LD) or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), examines the experiences that are particularly formative in their development and self-awareness as learners, and considers the role of disability in how the students think of themselves as learners. Using a qualitative, phenomenological research framework, this study uses in-depth individual ...


Conceptualization And Practice Of Information Literacy Instruction In Community Colleges, April Lynne Anderson Jan 2016

Conceptualization And Practice Of Information Literacy Instruction In Community Colleges, April Lynne Anderson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This interpretive multi-case study methodology was conducted with five sites using interviews, observations, and document analysis to answer two research questions: (1) How do community colleges and their libraries' instructional mission statements/statements of purpose conceptualize and understand information literacy? and (2) How are Information Literacy Instruction Programs providing students information literacy instruction, as demonstrated in classroom information literacy instruction sessions? The problem is that students who graduate with an associate's degree and enter the workforce or transfer to university and have not had IL instruction will be at a disadvantage compared to students who have had access to ...


Engineering Leadership: Important Themes Identified By Recruiters Of Entry-Level Engineers, Beth Lin Hartmann Jan 2016

Engineering Leadership: Important Themes Identified By Recruiters Of Entry-Level Engineers, Beth Lin Hartmann

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate leadership requirements from the standpoint of prospective employers for full-time, entry-level engineering positions and create a survey instrument to evaluate them. Using the sequential exploratory mixed methods approach, the researchers used emerging qualitative data to inform the development of the quantitative survey instrument.

The qualitative phase of this study sought to understand if industry needs for leadership for two engineering undergraduate populations are the same or different. An analysis was first performed on job postings in the engineering career services database of job postings at a large Midwestern university. The two engineering ...


Community College Academic Advisors And The Challenge Of Access In The Age Of Completion, Wendy Sue Robinson Jan 2016

Community College Academic Advisors And The Challenge Of Access In The Age Of Completion, Wendy Sue Robinson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to examine the impact of the college completion movement on the historical commitment to open access that serves as an essential part of the community college mission. Using the experiences of academic advisors as a lens, this mixed methods study describes how academic advisors feel about issues related to access, enrollment, and completion. Use of both a survey and one-on-one interviews revealed that academic advisors strongly support open access in theory, but the very real pressures to meet both enrollment and completion goals has led to feelings of frustration and mistrust of their administration and a willingness ...


Examining Teachers' Experiences In A Professional Learning Community Focused On Integrating Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Jennifer Marie Thoma Jan 2016

Examining Teachers' Experiences In A Professional Learning Community Focused On Integrating Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Jennifer Marie Thoma

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many factors, such as lack of time, access to technology resources, and professional development, have been indicated as barriers to technology integration in teaching. One possible way to support teachers as they integrate technology into their instruction is through professional learning communities . The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine how teachers experienced a Professional Learning Community (PLC) focused on integrating technology into literacy instruction. In this study, the PLC framework was situated as the means for teacher learning and planning. As such, it provided opportunities for teachers to learn from one another as well as share their ...


An Examination Of Teachers' Planning Processes As They Seek To Integrate Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Lindsay Woodward Jan 2016

An Examination Of Teachers' Planning Processes As They Seek To Integrate Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Lindsay Woodward

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the processes used by literacy teachers when planning to integrate technology into their instruction and the usefulness of the Technology Integration Planning Cycle (TIPC; Hutchison & Woodward, 2014a) for framing teachers’ planning processes. Three participants from a larger technology integration project completed a think-aloud session as they planned an upcoming literacy lesson in which they anticipated using technology. This study was designed as a think-aloud study (Pressley & Afflerbach, 1995; Cho & Woodward, 2014) with extensive complementary data (Cho, 2014; Coiro & Dobler, 2007; Zhang & Duke, 2011). In addition to concurrent and retrospective verbal protocols, data sources included: interviews, surveys and questionnaires, observations, and documents and photos. Analysis of data collected from these sources was conducted in two cycles, open-ended coding (Corbin & Strauss, 2008) then hypothesis coding (Saldaña, 2016). Findings indicated that participants utilized pedagogical content knowledge and technological pedagogical content knowledge in different ways when planning. Notably, misunderstandings about content knowledge may be ...


Challenges Of Accrediting Distance Education Allied Health Programs With Clinical Components, Auburne Kay Deming Hutchins Jan 2016

Challenges Of Accrediting Distance Education Allied Health Programs With Clinical Components, Auburne Kay Deming Hutchins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study examined the challenges of assessing allied health education programs with clinical components offered in a distance education (DE) format from the perspective of the educational accreditor. As technology continues to expand our virtual horizons of educational opportunity, so does the ability to offer programs of higher education in ways that before may have never been imagined possible. The mark of a high quality education in healthcare is that the student graduates from an accredited program. It is the responsibility of the accrediting body to ensure that these programs meet all of the necessary standards, regardless of the ...


Adolescent Females With High-Functioning Asd: Self And Mothers’ Perspectives Of Their School And Social Experiences, Lindsey Land Nov 2015

Adolescent Females With High-Functioning Asd: Self And Mothers’ Perspectives Of Their School And Social Experiences, Lindsey Land

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although the prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is currently 1 in 68 (Centers for Disease Control, 2015) and research in this area is growing, high-functioning individuals on the spectrum are often overlooked. This is because of their relatively milder symptoms. The recent collapse of Asperger Syndrome (AS) with autism in the most recent version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5; APA, 2013) also has obscured the differences that may exist between those with higher vs. lower levels of functioning. Among youth with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder (HFASD), girls are a particularly understudied and potentially vulnerable group. Previous research ...


Perceptions Of Bibliotherapy: A Survey Of Undergraduate Students, Randie D. Camp Jan 2015

Perceptions Of Bibliotherapy: A Survey Of Undergraduate Students, Randie D. Camp

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Children and adolescents are faced with a growing number of life’s challenges. Oftentimes, it becomes the responsibility of teachers to assist students in coping with these frequently non-academic issues. Bibliotherapy is one instructional tool teachers can use to help children and adolescents cope with their diverse needs and life’s challenges. In the context of K-12 settings, bibliotherapy is a systematic process utilizing books to transform traditional reading into an instructional strategy to assist educators in meeting the needs of all students. For bibliotherapy to be effective, educators need knowledge of the recommended procedures and understanding of how to ...


Homesick At College: A Predictive Model For First-Year First-Time Students, Jie Sun Jan 2015

Homesick At College: A Predictive Model For First-Year First-Time Students, Jie Sun

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study intends to bridge the gap between understanding homesickness as a merely psychological phenomenon and the paucity of literature on homesickness in the field of higher education, the goals of which include: (1) to advance understanding about the experiences of homesickness in the first-year first-time college students; (2) to identify the characteristics of first-year first-time college students who suffer severe homesickness and to examine how they resemble or differ from other students who experience homesickness only in a mild form; (3) to develop an integrative model of predicting first-year first-time college students’ degree of homesickness which will shed light ...


Seeking Success: Program Improvement Plans As A Strategy To Increase Pass Rates On The National Licensure Exam, Virginia Sue Wangerin Jan 2015

Seeking Success: Program Improvement Plans As A Strategy To Increase Pass Rates On The National Licensure Exam, Virginia Sue Wangerin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nursing is a practice profession that has long been regarded with esteem and trust by the public. The education of nurses is a process that has evolved over the last 150 years from apprenticeship-based training to an academic program grounded in the arts and sciences. Nurses must successfully learn a rigorous academic curriculum, demonstrate application of knowledge and skills in the clinical setting, and pass a national licensure exam to practice their profession. Boards of nursing are legislated the responsibility of protecting the public by assuring that nurses who practice in their state are safe, competent, and ethical practitioners. This ...


Teacher Perception Of And Experience With State Mandated Implementation Of Multi-Tiered Systems Of Support/Response To Intervention, Marcy Rose Hahn Jan 2015

Teacher Perception Of And Experience With State Mandated Implementation Of Multi-Tiered Systems Of Support/Response To Intervention, Marcy Rose Hahn

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Background/context: Until recently, the use of Multi-tiered Systems of Support/Response to Intervention (MTSS/RtI) in Iowa has been limited to identifying students who need special education services. In December 2011, the Iowa Department of Education (IDOE) released a document announcing the timeline for mandatory implementation of MTSS/RtI in all classrooms in all public Pre-K-12 schools. The IDOE document outlined an initial sequence of steps that schools would follow. The sequence began with providing evidence-based instruction in math and reading for kindergarten through sixth grade. Based on the IDOE timeline, this study examines the early implementation process as ...


Faculty Preparedness For Transition To Teaching Online Courses In The Iowa Community College Online Consortium, David Muturia Lichoro Jan 2015

Faculty Preparedness For Transition To Teaching Online Courses In The Iowa Community College Online Consortium, David Muturia Lichoro

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The recent growth of the internet has had a large impact on education and caused a growing demand for online courses at community colleges. There has also been a demand for hybrid courses, which offer a compromise between the flexibility of online courses and the personal interaction of face-to-face courses. Online and hybrid courses provide new educational opportunities for students who are unable to attend traditional face-to-face classes because of conflicts due to work and other responsibilities. This is particularly true of community college students, who are often nontraditional adult learners. Although students and institutions can clearly benefit from increasing ...


Influencing Institutional Change Through State Policy: Rural Community College Responses To Performance-Based Funding Models, Zoë Mercedes Thornton Jan 2015

Influencing Institutional Change Through State Policy: Rural Community College Responses To Performance-Based Funding Models, Zoë Mercedes Thornton

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The accountability theme within higher education resonates throughout campus programming, state budgeting, and federal legislative review sessions. Most notably, the design and implementation of state-level performance-based funding (PBF) models can be found in more states than not; indeed, twenty-five states had PBF models in place as of December, 2013, with another fifteen states transitioning to or in formal discussions of this funding phenomenon (Friedel, Thornton & Katsinas, 2014). This research study has identified a gap in the current literature regarding the actual organizational impacts of PBF models on rural community colleges. In an attempt to fill the void in the available ...


Boots On The Ground: Examining Transition Factors For Military And Veteran Student Academic Success, Denise Nicole Williams Jan 2015

Boots On The Ground: Examining Transition Factors For Military And Veteran Student Academic Success, Denise Nicole Williams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The number of military and veteran students entering higher education continues to grow rapidly; nevertheless, there is a paucity of institutional research from which to draw recommendations about how the college transition translates to academic success and persistence. The purpose of this study was to identify the demographic characteristics, financial, academic, and personal experiences and campus relationships during military and veteran students' transitions to a college or university that predict grade point average (GPA) and intent to return. This study utilized a cross-sectional, non-experimental survey design to determine the relationship between study factors, cumulative GPA, and the level to which ...


Humanizing Education: Teacher Leaders Influencing Pedagogical Change, Lindsay Paige Law Jan 2015

Humanizing Education: Teacher Leaders Influencing Pedagogical Change, Lindsay Paige Law

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A humanizing education relies on the pedagogy of educators to influence, navigate, and coexist within the sociopolitical context and practices of teacher leaders, students, administration, and community members. Constructing beliefs and practices around a humanizing education focuses on the cultural, historical, and contextual realities and experiences of the learner. Previous research has explored pedagogical theory and gained attention around humanizing practices that emphasize the student as a valued asset and active member of the learning process. Opposing pedagogy supports the standardization, mechanization, and one-size-fits-all model that emphasizes quantification, measurement, and high-stakes accountability for teachers and students (Salazar, 2013; Giroux, 2001 ...


Understanding The Use Of Tablet Devices In The Classroom When Teaching A Group Of Learners Diagnosed With Autism, Andrea Lynn Halabi Jan 2015

Understanding The Use Of Tablet Devices In The Classroom When Teaching A Group Of Learners Diagnosed With Autism, Andrea Lynn Halabi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The increasing number of individuals diagnosed with autism, the shift in educational paradigms, and technology advances that allow affordability and accessibility were the motivation behind this study. Learners with autism have the potential to develop social and emotional skills as well as increasing motivation for learning while using technology, in particular tablet devices (i.e., iPads) as instructional tools. The purpose of this case study was to better understand the use of technology (in particular, tablet devices) to teach mathematics to a group of learners diagnosed with autism. Two research questions guided this study: (1) How do the motivational principles ...


Stem Aspiration: The Influence Of Social Capital And Chilly Climate On Female Community College Students, John Richard Jorstad Jan 2015

Stem Aspiration: The Influence Of Social Capital And Chilly Climate On Female Community College Students, John Richard Jorstad

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The focus of this investigation is to generate a better understanding of the demographic, social, and cultural characteristics that affect the science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) aspirations and transfer intentions of female students who are enrolled in a community college. Specifically, the purpose of this research study was to: 1) study how social capital, students' engagement with institutional agents (for the current study, the researcher conceives an institutional agent as an academic advisor/counselor), and chilly climate at a community college can be measured, 2) investigate whether these factors contributed to the STEM aspirations and transfer intentions of these ...


Examination Of College Access And Science Bound’S Countdown To College: A Model For Engaging Students Of Color In The College-Going Process, Adam Michael Wade Jan 2015

Examination Of College Access And Science Bound’S Countdown To College: A Model For Engaging Students Of Color In The College-Going Process, Adam Michael Wade

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Inequalities in college access can be seen historically and in today’s society through low expectations and racism towards students of color. The gap in access to college for students of color can, in part, be attributed to a lack of information and engagement in the college-going process. There is a need for programs that actively engage students of color in the college-going process.

The purpose of this thesis is to illuminate the history and inequalities of college access in the United States and present a model for creating college access for students and families of color that is both ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Attitude Towards Collaborative Learning And Sense Of Community Among College Students In Online Learning Environments: A Correlational Study, Ritushree Chatterjee Jan 2015

Exploring The Relationship Between Attitude Towards Collaborative Learning And Sense Of Community Among College Students In Online Learning Environments: A Correlational Study, Ritushree Chatterjee

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As online courses become increasingly common, we must ensure that the students in the virtual classroom experience a nurturing sense of community. Feelings of community increase information flow, cooperation, available support, and a sense of commitment towards group goals. Many studies have explored the significance of sense of community and collaborative learning activities in an online learning environment. The aim of this study, however, was to find a relationship between student attitude toward online collaborative learning and their sense of community in an online environment.

Using a correlational study, the relationship between students' sense of community and their attitude toward ...


Textual Silences And The (Re)Presentation Of Black Undergraduate Women In Higher Education Journals: A Critical Discourse Analysis, Kimberly Deion Everett Jan 2015

Textual Silences And The (Re)Presentation Of Black Undergraduate Women In Higher Education Journals: A Critical Discourse Analysis, Kimberly Deion Everett

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Academic journals serve as a discipline’s official discourse reflecting what has been deemed important in that discipline at a specific point in time. For the better part of 20 years, discourses in the field of student affairs have constructed Black men as a population in need of specific attention. The proliferation of scholarship on Black men and a surface examination of quantitative data have left many with the impression that Black women students are succeeding.

This study problematizes the assumptions regarding the status of Black undergraduate women by examining how the population is discursively represented in higher education journals ...


English As A Second Language Courses: A Path To College? A Study Of Noncredit Esl Students And Their Patterns Of Matriculation To Community College, Anne Marie Howsare Boyens Jan 2015

English As A Second Language Courses: A Path To College? A Study Of Noncredit Esl Students And Their Patterns Of Matriculation To Community College, Anne Marie Howsare Boyens

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzed existing student record data on the 2005 to 2014 student enrollment in noncredit English as a Second Language courses at Des Moines Area Community College, Urban Campus to identify demographic factors and course-taking patterns that predicted matriculation or nonmatriculation to community college courses. This study concentrated on three theories to support the research: the first of these was Bean’s (1981) student attrition model, the second was Becker’s (1964) theory of human capital, and third was Hagedorn Maxwell, Chen, Cypers, and Moon’s (2007) theory of Latino community college students as a critical mass. Statistical analyses ...