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Graduate Theses and Dissertations

2012

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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Evaluation Of The Implementation Of "The Happiest Toddler On The Block" Parenting Strategies By Young Mothers, Amye Elizabeth Bock Jan 2012

An Evaluation Of The Implementation Of "The Happiest Toddler On The Block" Parenting Strategies By Young Mothers, Amye Elizabeth Bock

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Young parents and their children are considered a high-risk population as they are more likely to lack social support networks, have limited access to opportunities to enhance parenting skills, and are often financially dependent. Young children whose mothers have poor parenting skills are more likely to have persistent problem behavior. Three young mothers living in a transitional housing facility participated in this study. The purpose of this study was to determine if these mothers could implement parenting strategies that are a part of a commercially available parenting book and DVD. This study found that: (1) mothers were able to correctly ...


Impact Of Bullying Prevention Training On The Knowledge, Attitude, And Behavior Of Pre-Education Majors (Future Trainers), Seriashia J. Chatters Jan 2012

Impact Of Bullying Prevention Training On The Knowledge, Attitude, And Behavior Of Pre-Education Majors (Future Trainers), Seriashia J. Chatters

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Bullying is a persistent problem that negatively affects the academic performance, and the psychological, social, and emotional well-being of targeted students. Research indicates most bullying is prejudice-based. Bullying and prejudice reduction interventions used in school systems encourage empathy towards the target student to reduce these behaviors, and current national and international interventions recommend focusing on bullies, targets (or victims), and bystanders. Interventions are conducted by individuals (trainers) trained to implement such programs, a model known as train-the-trainer. Teachers and pre-education majors usually volunteer to become trainers. Effectiveness of interventions may depend on the trainees' knowledge, empathy, and adherence to the ...


Medication Monitoring In The Schools: An Investigation Of Current Practices Of Florida School Psychologists, Jason Hangauer Jan 2012

Medication Monitoring In The Schools: An Investigation Of Current Practices Of Florida School Psychologists, Jason Hangauer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Prevalence rates of youth prescribed psychotropic medications have risen dramatically over the past decade. Many of these medications are prescribed to treat symptoms of a disorder that occur in the school setting. Some medications have negative side effects that can inhibit academic and social performance. School psychologists have been identified as professionals who are equipped to assist in monitoring both the beneficial and negative effects of medications for youth attending school. This study investigated the practices, training, types of disorders for which medication monitoring occurs, facilitators, and barriers to school psychologists engaging in medication monitoring in the schools. Survey data ...


World Percussion Approaches In Collegiate Percussion Programs: A Mixed-Methods Study, Patrick Michael Hernly Jan 2012

World Percussion Approaches In Collegiate Percussion Programs: A Mixed-Methods Study, Patrick Michael Hernly

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As world percussion has grown in popularity in American colleges and universities, two main problems have emerged. The first problem is that no known source exists detailing how percussion instructors have incorporated world percussion into their collegiate teaching. A review of the literature has highlighted four main approaches to incorporating world percussion in collegiate percussion programs: applied study, group performance, travel experiences, and guest expert visits. The second problem is that systematic research on world percussion traditions has been carried out much more often by music education researchers, anthropologists, and ethnomusicologists than by percussionist-performers, so the relationship between theory and ...


A Preliminary Investigation Of Family Engagement Practices In Schools Implementing Problem-Solving/Response To Intervention (Ps/Rti)., Devon Minch Jan 2012

A Preliminary Investigation Of Family Engagement Practices In Schools Implementing Problem-Solving/Response To Intervention (Ps/Rti)., Devon Minch

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The current study investigated the relationships among level of Problem-Solving/Response to Intervention (PS/RtI) implementation, school factors, educator factors, family factors, and a) educator reports of individual and school-wide practices to engage families, and b) family perceptions of educators' family engagement practices in schools implementing PS/RtI. Survey instruments measuring family engagement in PS/RtI were developed for the current study. Survey data measuring the beliefs about family engagement, perceptions of knowledge and skills for family engagement, and perceptions of family engagement practices were collected from 396 families and 933 educators from 40 schools in a local school district ...


Academic Affairs Officers: An Application Of The American Association Of Community Colleges Competencies For Community College Leaders, Misty Renee Price Jan 2012

Academic Affairs Officers: An Application Of The American Association Of Community Colleges Competencies For Community College Leaders, Misty Renee Price

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the last two decades, several studies have confirmed that there is a leadership crisis among the nation's community colleges. In response to this leadership crisis, the American Association of Community Colleges [AACC] commissioned the development of a leadership competency framework consisting of six leadership competency areas deemed "either `very' or `extremely' essential to the effective performance of community college leaders." Since the release of this framework, limited research has been conducted on the importance of and the preparation in the identified competencies. The majority of research that has been conducted has focused on the position of president, even ...


Listening In Action: Students' Mobile Music Experiences In The Digital Age, Rebecca Marie Rinsema Jan 2012

Listening In Action: Students' Mobile Music Experiences In The Digital Age, Rebecca Marie Rinsema

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since the introduction of the iPod in 2001, portable music listening devices that play or stream compressed music files have steadily become the standard devices used to listen to music. Despite this, few music education researchers have investigated the role that such devices have in shaping students' music listening experiences. This dissertation is meant to fill that gap in the literature and contribute to the existing sociological and psychological literature on music listening in everyday life.

Phenomenology served as the theoretical framework for the design of the study. 10 college students from three institutions underwent iterative interviews and were asked ...


Increasing Parental Involvement In Early Childhood Education, Kendall Jeffries Jan 2012

Increasing Parental Involvement In Early Childhood Education, Kendall Jeffries

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Parental involvement during preschool has been linked with stronger pre-literacy skills, acquisition of mathematical skills, well-developed social skills, and positive attitudes toward school (Arnold, Zeljo, Doctoroff, & Ortiff, 2008; Powell, Son, File, & San Juan, 2010). Parents' active involvement in their children's learning is a recommended strategy in engaging families in children's education experiences (Henderson & Mapp, 2002). The purpose of the current study was to measure the impact of parents' active participation in a parent-directed early literacy intervention on parental home-based involvement, school-based involvement, and home-school conferencing among Head Start parents and their preschool-aged children. The study used a quantitative research design ...


The Impact Of Arranging Music For The Large Ensemble On The Teacher: A Phenomenological Exploration, James Teodor Lindroth Jan 2012

The Impact Of Arranging Music For The Large Ensemble On The Teacher: A Phenomenological Exploration, James Teodor Lindroth

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the phenomenon of what arranging music in the large instrumental ensemble music setting came to mean to the teachers doing the arranging. Four secondary music teachers (N=4) were asked to create a musical arrangement for one of their school ensembles. Over a period of seven weeks, participants rehearsed their arrangement with their students. This study was guided by research on creative identity, the self, and various identity theories from the field of the social sciences. Data were collected by way of in depth semi-constructed interviews, field observations, and journals; and ...


An Evolving Dyke-Otomy: Lesbianism And Learning, Megan Pugh Jan 2012

An Evolving Dyke-Otomy: Lesbianism And Learning, Megan Pugh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Homophobia and prejudice against the lesbian community have been argued to be consequences of lack of education within academic and non-academic spaces. This study introduces a pedagogical model of gendered lesbian identity that can act as a tool for educators to understand lesbian experiences, and thus contribute to addressing issues related to homophobia and prejudices in the classrooms and beyond. Based on thematic analysis of data generated by a qualitative online survey of 29 participants, this study argues that notions of social norms, individual agency, and importance of advocacy are critical points of emphases in the proposed educational model. Although ...


The Biomechanics Of Tongue Projection In The Frog _Rana Pipiens_: Dynamics And Temperature Effects, Paula Sandusky Jan 2012

The Biomechanics Of Tongue Projection In The Frog _Rana Pipiens_: Dynamics And Temperature Effects, Paula Sandusky

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Ectotherms such as frogs must either function within environments with temperatures amenable to their physiological needs, or find means to reduce the impact of temperature on their activities. Recent studies on reptile and amphibian feeding have shown convergent use of elastic recoil to drive feeding movements, thereby decoupling temperature's effects on muscle from movement and allowing the animals to feed over broader temperature ranges. Rana pipiens specimens (n=5) were exposed to three ambient temperatures (10°, 15°, and 25° C) at which feeding behavior was imaged at 6000 Hz. The image sequences yielded detailed kinematic and dynamic information for ...


Autism Spectrum Disorders (Asd): Knowledge, Training, Roles And Responsibilities Of School Psychologists, Stacey Small Jan 2012

Autism Spectrum Disorders (Asd): Knowledge, Training, Roles And Responsibilities Of School Psychologists, Stacey Small

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The number of students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has increased over the years and therefore it seems inevitable that school psychologists will encounter these students as part of their roles in assessment, consultation, and/or intervention. There are a multitude of articles and books on the signs and symptoms of ASD, as well as suggestions for assessment and intervention, but there are no published data related to school psychologists' knowledge, training, and roles and responsibilities for students with ASD. Therefore, the current study sought to inform the field of school psychology with respect to these issues. One hundred members ...


A Head Start To Learning: Exploration Of A Parent-Directed Intervention To Promote Early Literacy Skill Development, Ashley Nicole Sundman-Wheat Jan 2012

A Head Start To Learning: Exploration Of A Parent-Directed Intervention To Promote Early Literacy Skill Development, Ashley Nicole Sundman-Wheat

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effects of a parent-led intervention focused on developing children's early literacy skills within the home setting. The lesson plans contain scripted steps for completing activities to teach letter names and phonological awareness skills. Archival data were analyzed from a study conducted with 26 families from three Head Start centers. Thirteen families completed the intervention and thirteen families were enrolled in a control condition which provided information on shared reading strategies. Children in the intervention group performed at statistically significant higher levels on measures of letter naming, phonological awareness, vocabulary/oral language, and comprehension. Parents rated ...


Task Comparison Between Career Counselors And Vocational Evaluators: What's The Difference?, Jill Flansburg Jan 2012

Task Comparison Between Career Counselors And Vocational Evaluators: What's The Difference?, Jill Flansburg

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This investigation compared the essential tasks of career counselors and vocational evaluators by surveying experts and practitioners in each specialization. Although both services advise persons about their work and training options, career counseling often takes place in university career centers and vocational evaluation is made available in not-for-profit settings. The null hypothesis is that there are no differences in task importance or frequency between these two jobs. Previous literature and current job descriptions from Florida workplaces are used to identify tasks, which are then presented to experts for input regarding frequency and relative importance to job performance.

Tasks endorsed by ...


Team-Teaching Experiences Of A Mathematician And A Mathematics Teacher Educator: An Interpretative Phenomenological Case Study, Sarah K. Bleiler Jan 2012

Team-Teaching Experiences Of A Mathematician And A Mathematics Teacher Educator: An Interpretative Phenomenological Case Study, Sarah K. Bleiler

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In recent years, experts and organizations involved in mathematics education have emphasized the importance of collaboration between mathematicians and mathematics teacher educators as a means of improving the professional preparation of mathematics teachers. While several such collaborative endeavors have been documented in the extant literature, most research reports have focused on the products, rather than the process, of collaboration. The purpose of this interpretative phenomenological case study is to gain an understanding of the lived experiences of a mathematician and a mathematics teacher educator as they engaged in a team-teaching collaboration within the context of prospective secondary mathematics teacher preparation ...


A Critical Case Study Of Selected United States History Textbooks From A Tribal Critical Race Theory Perspective, Gary Padgett Jan 2012

A Critical Case Study Of Selected United States History Textbooks From A Tribal Critical Race Theory Perspective, Gary Padgett

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe and explain the portrayal of American Indians in U.S. textbooks selected for review in Hillsborough County, Florida's 2012 textbook adoption. The study identified which of the textbooks under consideration contained the greatest amount of information dedicated to American Indians. The study then analyzed how that information was portrayed. The exploratory questions that guided this study were, how are American Indians portrayed in five selected U.S. history textbooks? It also addresses the question, under what conditions can Tribal Critical Race Theory help illuminate how American Indians are portrayed in textbooks ...


A Comparison Of The Perceptions Of School Work Culture By Administrators And Faculty In The Public Charter And Non-Charter Elementary Schools Of A Central Florida County, Wayne Anthony Quin Jan 2012

A Comparison Of The Perceptions Of School Work Culture By Administrators And Faculty In The Public Charter And Non-Charter Elementary Schools Of A Central Florida County, Wayne Anthony Quin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

This study investigated perceptions of school work culture of instructional staff members (administrators and faculty) in public charter and public non-charter elementary schools in a large urban metropolitan county of Central Florida by assessing differences in perceptions of administrators and faculty related to school work culture, perceptions between school administrators and faculty, and the interaction between type of school.

The School Work Culture Profile (SWCP), a paper-and-pencil survey, was designed in 1988 by Snyder to obtain a measure of a school's work culture. The SWCP uses a Likert scale to assess the overall perception and four sub-domains of ...


Perceived Barriers For Implementing Primary Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention, Rachel Monique Stewart-Campbell Jan 2012

Perceived Barriers For Implementing Primary Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention, Rachel Monique Stewart-Campbell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Adolescents continue to be at increased risk for contracting sexually transmitted infections (STI's). This research study describes the perception of barriers that providers in the Tampa Bay area encounter when implementing primary STI prevention programs for adolescents within the community context. This study used semi structured interviews to explore perceived barriers for implementing primary such programs for adolescents in the Tampa Bay area programs. Participants reported faith based institutions/churches and schools as common sectors for presenting a variety of barriers for implementing their program. Perceptions of barriers were described as, the need to tailor program messages and presentations ...


Sexual Encounters: Gay Male College Students' Use Of The Internet And Social Media, Rinardo Lamon Reddick Jan 2012

Sexual Encounters: Gay Male College Students' Use Of The Internet And Social Media, Rinardo Lamon Reddick

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There have been many studies that focus on understanding various aspects of human sexuality and how it relates to college students. However, the current research focuses on heterosexual students, leaving a void in the research that focuses on gay male college students. Even more crucially, there is a void in research that focuses on the sexual risks gay male college students' face and how their actions impact their well-being.

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore gay male college students' sexual behavior and its implications in higher education and gay male health practices. The Health Belief Model and ...


Work Life Balance And Job Satisfaction Among Faculty At Iowa State University, Farah Mukhtar Jan 2012

Work Life Balance And Job Satisfaction Among Faculty At Iowa State University, Farah Mukhtar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study utilized the existing database from the Iowa State University 2009-2010 COACHE Tenure-Track Job Satisfaction Survey Report to explore faculty work life balance and job satisfaction among academic disciplines at Iowa State University. The articulation of work and life, cast as work life balance, has become a key feature of much current government, practitioner and academic debate (Eikhof, Warhurst, & Haunschild, 2007). It is believed that balancing a successful career with a personal or family life can be challenging and impact on a person's satisfaction in their work and personal life's roles (Broers, 2005).

This research sought to ...


A Competency Model For Culinology® Graduates: Evaluation Of The Research Chefs Association's Bachelor Of Science In Culinology® Core Competencies, Michael S. Cheng Jan 2012

A Competency Model For Culinology® Graduates: Evaluation Of The Research Chefs Association's Bachelor Of Science In Culinology® Core Competencies, Michael S. Cheng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Culinology® is the blending of culinary arts and food technology (RCA, 2012). As of 2012, there are 13 RCA-approved Culinology® degree programs, but there has been no research conducted on the effectiveness of the Culinology® competencies in preparing graduates for employment in the food product development industry. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the RCA's Bachelor of Science in Culinology® core competencies prepared graduates for successful employment in the food product development industry.

A sequential explanatory design was used for this research. In the first stage, a survey was used to measure the graduates' and employers ...


How Multiple Roles Influence Adult College Women's Online Student Experiences In A Rural Community College Context, Lisa Carol Hetzel Jan 2012

How Multiple Roles Influence Adult College Women's Online Student Experiences In A Rural Community College Context, Lisa Carol Hetzel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how adult college women attending rural community colleges experience being an online student. A study of this nature was warranted as enrollment in online courses continues to increase (Allen & Seaman, 2010) and as women are more likely to enroll in online courses (Kramarae, 2001; van Prummer, 2011). Femininst standpoint theory guided the study while identity theory (Stryker, 1968) was applied to findings. Online research methods were used to collect data. Four themes characterized participants online student experience: 1) motivation to enroll in online courses, 2) expectations and realities about online experience, 3) impact of identity (ies) on experience, and 4) meaning of being an online student ...


The Impact Of A Intervention Program On The Knowledge And Behaviors Of School-Age Children In Alabama Regarding Nutrition And Physical Activity, Angel Nita Dunlap Jan 2012

The Impact Of A Intervention Program On The Knowledge And Behaviors Of School-Age Children In Alabama Regarding Nutrition And Physical Activity, Angel Nita Dunlap

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

For many years, the prevalence of increased health

problems due to unhealthy eating and physical inactivity has become a huge concern. In study after study, the residents in the state of Alabama have ranked high in such dubious categories as obesity, diabetes, and lack of exercise (Trust for America's Health, 2008). This concern has gained national attention. With this in mind, organizations such as the Boys and Girls Clubs of America and the Alabama Cooperative Extension System have begun developing and implementing programs for children and youth that focus on healthy eating and being active. Nevertheless, over the ...


Importance Of Selected Science And Technology Topics In The Instructional Programs To Iowa High School Agricultural Educators, Shaohong Feng Jan 2012

Importance Of Selected Science And Technology Topics In The Instructional Programs To Iowa High School Agricultural Educators, Shaohong Feng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Literature suggests that the integration of science and technology knowledge is necessary for the agricultural industry to succeed. Many science and technology advances have changed agriculture significantly. Therefore, teaching science and technology assumes importance for the success of agricultural education. There are many nonformal and formal agricultural education institutions in the United States with the high school agricultural education being the most common one for youth development.

The purpose of this study was to determine the level of importance of selected science and technology topics as perceived by high school agricultural educators in Iowa when integrating these topics into ...


Student Professional Development: Competency-Based Learning And Assessment In An Undergraduate Industrial Technology Course, Jacqulyn Baughman Jan 2012

Student Professional Development: Competency-Based Learning And Assessment In An Undergraduate Industrial Technology Course, Jacqulyn Baughman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Student professional development attempts to address the gap between academic experiences and employer expectations. This study examined student professional development utilizing competency-based development and assessment within an academic environment. An undergraduate course in lean/cellular manufacturing at Iowa State University served as the site for this mixed methods study. Degree program outcomes linked to workplace competencies were the foundation for implementation of a 360-degree assessment process. A pre-course survey showed that students had no prior experience with the 360-degree process. The workplace competencies' key action items were assessed during the semester using pre- and post-assessment formats. Analysis utilized paired t-testing ...


Practical Motion Planning For Aerial-Like Virtual Agents In Meta!Blast: A Full And Complex Three Dimensional Virtual Environment, Princess Campbell Jan 2012

Practical Motion Planning For Aerial-Like Virtual Agents In Meta!Blast: A Full And Complex Three Dimensional Virtual Environment, Princess Campbell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Motion planning, or enabling agents to navigate around a virtual environment autonomously, is an essential requirement for video games and simulations. A well implemented motion planning technique can create a realistic and immersive user experience. If motion planning is not implemented properly, agents will exhibit unrealistic behavior and cause a distraction for the user. Motion planning is often difficult to implement due to the agents' movement capabilities and the complexity of the virtual environment in which the agents exist. In a traditional three dimensional video game in which the agents are bound by gravity, the agents' motion takes place mostly ...


Mentoring Influence On Socially Responsible Leadership Capacity Based On Institutional Carnegie Classification, Michael Carl Gleason Jan 2012

Mentoring Influence On Socially Responsible Leadership Capacity Based On Institutional Carnegie Classification, Michael Carl Gleason

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Higher education institutions are being called to provide leaders capable of operating in increasingly complex environments (Astin & Astin, 2000; Daloz Parks, 2005; Longo & Gibson, 2011; Rost & Barker, 2000). As immersion into these complex environments has been found to assist students in developing leadership capacities, mentoring is needed to help support students during these immersion experiences. Researchers have explored how mentoring influences leadership development (Campbell, Smith, Dugan & Komives, in press; Collins-Shapiro, 2006; Gleason, 2009; Jabaji, Slife, Komives, & Dugan, 2008), but it is valuable to study mentoring effects within different institution types based on Carnegie Classification, as different environments have different influences on student effects and outcomes. There currently exists a lack of literature in this area.

This post-positivist, quantitative study utilized a secondary data set, the 2009 Multi-Institutional Study of Leadership (National Center for Leadership Programs, 2011) to understand how mentoring and leadership development compare among institutions of different Carnegie Classifications. Respondents in this data set attended 101 institutions in the United States that had responded to an open call in the summer of 2008. A subsample of 57,713 of the original 115,632 cases contained responses related to mentoring for this study. The Multi-Institutional Study of Leadership utilized the Socially Responsible Leadership Scale as its primary scale, which was developed by Tyree (1998) and measures the core values of the Social Change Model.

Seven research questions provided the foundation of the study, which was operationalized in Astin's (1993) Input-Environment-Output (I-E-O) Model. Variables in the study were analyzed utilizing descriptive statistics; inferential statistics, such as analysis of variance (ANOVA); and multiple sequential hierarchical regression analyses. The findings of this study provide insightful information for researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. Understanding how mentoring influences leadership development in different institution types can help improve practice and provide insight for additional research.


Accessible Lear: Teaching King Lear To Secondary-Education Students, Rachel Mckenny Jan 2012

Accessible Lear: Teaching King Lear To Secondary-Education Students, Rachel Mckenny

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis tackles the issues of how to include Shakespeare, specifically King Lear, in the secondary classroom with performance, nontraditional formats like comic books, pairing with modern texts, and other pedagogical options. The first chapter tackles the introduction of students to Shakespeare. By using four mini-lessons, teachers can help any student can feel that the plays are not only approachable and understandable, but also fun. The second chapter treats how best to teach the rich language of Shakespeare to this age group. Within King Lear the rhetorical and literary devices, along with the complex and sometimes strange vocabulary, can place ...


Math And Science Community College Faculty: A Culture Apart, Jane Bradley Jan 2012

Math And Science Community College Faculty: A Culture Apart, Jane Bradley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This is a quantitative, survey-based study of Iowa community college faculty members. The survey was administered in the spring of 2011 to all faculty members identified by their colleges as being employed full time. This study compares the demographics of math and science faculty members to faculty within the arts and sciences who do not teach math or science. Comparisons of how the two groups interact with students and what they identify as barriers to student success are included, as well as their attitudes about mentoring, encouraging students, and their roles in student recruitment and student retention. Highly correlated variables ...


Teaching Students With Behavioral Disorders To Use A Negotiation Procedure: Impact On Classroom Behavior And Conflict Resolution Strategy, Cathy Anna Bullock Jan 2012

Teaching Students With Behavioral Disorders To Use A Negotiation Procedure: Impact On Classroom Behavior And Conflict Resolution Strategy, Cathy Anna Bullock

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The impact of the instruction of a six-step problem solving negotiation procedure on the conflict resolution strategies and classroom behavior of six elementary students with challenging behaviors was examined. Moderately positive effects were found for the following negotiation strategies used by students: independent problem solving, problem solving requiring a teacher prompt, and avoiding. However, there were limited effects of the negotiation instruction on the students' use of the negotiation strategy of forcing; and a negligible, negative effect was found on student problem solving negotiation requiring a prompt by a crisis interventionist. Similarly, there were limited effects of the instruction on ...