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Full-Text Articles in Education

Owning Professional Development: The Power Of Teacher Research, Barbara Miller Adams Jan 2009

Owning Professional Development: The Power Of Teacher Research, Barbara Miller Adams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Typically teachers experience professional development as something that is presented with minimal opportunity for teacher choice and decision-making. Yet when teachers have the opportunity to go beyond the conventional discussion of "what works" and instead pursue questions about their classroom practices and the factors that shape it, teachers experience a new source of motivation and transform the way in which they view themselves and their work.

This qualitative research study explores teacher research as a meaningful form of professional development. It is centered on eight middle school mathematics teachers who reflect about their participation in a mathematical discourse project and ...


Social Justice And Special Education: Derailing The Tracking Of Black Males. A Case Study Of Walt Whitman High School, Vernon Hall Jan 2009

Social Justice And Special Education: Derailing The Tracking Of Black Males. A Case Study Of Walt Whitman High School, Vernon Hall

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The majority of today's African American male students in the public school system are in special education classes. As a result, these schools have either struggled to address or have ultimately disregarded the needs of these ethnically and racially diverse students (Artiles & Trent, 1994). I conclude the widespread misuse and unjust implementation of special education practices and minority assignments to special education programs urgently calls for a paradigm shift.

The function of this dissertation is to demonstrate a need for a new theoretical framework for special education. Additionally, it is to develop an inclusive concept of education that will allow for further research and analysis of the overrepresentation of African American males in special education. In this dissertation, I examined the history of special education from the early 1600s until the present day and traced its impact upon African American males in particular. This historical perspective provides insights into how we have arrived at our current situation and, moreover, makes apparent the urgent need for change.

The overall research question in this study investigates the conditions necessary for African American males to successfully attain an equal education. As such, a case study was constructed to research in an urban high school in a Midwestern city which served as the research site. Portraiture methodology, as defined by Lawrence-Lightfoot and Davis (1997), is a qualitative inquiry method that results in a complex and subtle narrative, guided the research and subsequent report of the findings. The theoretical lenses that shaped this research were multiculturalism and Critical Race Theory. The purpose of this research, which utilized a qualitative case study design, was to understand how some schools in urban cities provide their special needs students with an equal education; and consequently, reduce the overrepresentation of African American Males in special education.


Learning Through Gaming: Teaching Visual Arts To Elementary Grade Students, Ya-Lan Yang Jan 2009

Learning Through Gaming: Teaching Visual Arts To Elementary Grade Students, Ya-Lan Yang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to investigate the cognitive and affective impact that a Web-based Flash game called "Color in Motion," has on teaching visual arts to elementary grade students. Pretests and posttests, observations, recordings of on-screen game play activity, and interviews were used as the data collection instruments for this study. Pretests and posttests were used to identify if the game had cognitive impact on learners. Observations and recordings of on-screen game play activity were utilized to inform the affective impact of gaming on students' learning. Interviews were to understand the cognitive and affective impact of the Web-based Flash game on ...


Leadership Competencies Of Branch Campus Administrators In Multi-Campus Community College Systems, Kitty Shean Conover Jan 2009

Leadership Competencies Of Branch Campus Administrators In Multi-Campus Community College Systems, Kitty Shean Conover

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Community college leaders are retiring faster than replacements are being prepared creating what is predicted to be a leadership crisis. To keep community colleges functioning in their critical role of providing wider access to higher education and workforce training and re-training, future leaders need to have the skills to lead complex organizations. To advance community colleges to a level of excellence, future community college leaders need to be prepared to be excellent leaders.

This research project was designed to seek out the skills and abilities needed to be an effective community college leader and to investigate the level of preparedness ...


Preparing Pre-Service Teachers For Online Teaching, Lily K.L. Compton Jan 2009

Preparing Pre-Service Teachers For Online Teaching, Lily K.L. Compton

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation combines studies and research from two educational fields as a partial requirement for a major in Curriculum and Instruction and a minor in Applied Linguistics and Technology. It is presented in a non-traditional dissertation format that includes three publishable articles with the introduction and conclusion chapters. The first article represents the literature review portion that includes a critique of an existing skills framework for online language teaching followed by a proposed framework for online language teaching skills. This article also uses a systems view to look at the roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders in an online learning ...


Post-College Earnings Of Iowa Community College Career And Technical Education Students: Analysis Of Selected Career Clusters, Kenneth Joseph Maguire Jan 2009

Post-College Earnings Of Iowa Community College Career And Technical Education Students: Analysis Of Selected Career Clusters, Kenneth Joseph Maguire

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The economic impact of community colleges has become an important factor at both state and national levels. The purpose of this study was to identify and understand specific factors such as gender, age, degree attainment and annual gain in earnings that influence fifth-year post-college earnings of Iowa community college students in career and technical education in selected national career clusters. This study analyzed the predictive power of community college students' background characteristics and their highest award attained to their fifth-year annual earnings.

Existing data sets were matched to capture information on students' education and earnings. These data sets were: Iowa ...


From Vision To Learning: Effectiveness Measures Of Christian School Boards, Ryan Glenn Zonnefeld Jan 2009

From Vision To Learning: Effectiveness Measures Of Christian School Boards, Ryan Glenn Zonnefeld

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This exploratory study investigated the effectiveness of Christian School boards, as perceived by its members, and examined patterns and characteristics that describe internal board activities. The study employed a quantitative survey research design that revealed areas of strength and areas of growth for Christian School board operations. Board effectiveness was measured in accordance with Smoley's (1999) Model for Effective School Boards.

The research focused on four questions: (a) What are the background characteristics of Christian School board members? (b) What patterns exist in the Christian School board effectiveness ratings of school board members, presidents, and school administrators? (c) Are ...


A Proposed Methodology For Predicting Future Student Success In Design Programs: An Application Of Path Analysis Techniques, Lori A. Brunner Jan 2009

A Proposed Methodology For Predicting Future Student Success In Design Programs: An Application Of Path Analysis Techniques, Lori A. Brunner

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a methodology and investigate a set of variables that best predict future college success in an undergraduate interior design program. The central aim of this study focused on the following question: From among variables collected as part of college admission, what is/are the best predictor(s) of student college "success" in interior design programs? The list of predictors was organized into three waves of data, where the first wave was high school, the second wave was freshmen Core Program, and the third wave was the sophomore year. An undergraduate interior design ...


Boundary Issues In Global Virtual Teams, Wenxia Wu Jan 2009

Boundary Issues In Global Virtual Teams, Wenxia Wu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to develop a better understanding of boundary issues in global virtual teams, especially in higher education settings. Although previous research in the past decade has studied various aspects of global virtual teams, there is no comprehensive review of boundary issues and their impact. This dissertation addresses these limitations in previous research through a systematic investigation of boundaries issues in global virtual teams. First, it surveys previous research to draw a comprehensive picture of how global virtual teams have been studied and builds a classification system of boundary issues. The relationship between boundary issues and ...


Christian Privilege: Do Jewish Students Feel Marginalized In U.S. Public Schools?, Michelle Nichole Garland Jan 2009

Christian Privilege: Do Jewish Students Feel Marginalized In U.S. Public Schools?, Michelle Nichole Garland

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research sought to illustrate instances of Jewish students feeling marginalized in public schools. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 12 Jewish students attending public schools in a medium sized Midwestern city and a small Midwestern town. The results indicated the public school students felt marginalized when absent from school to observe Jewish holidays and during the Christian holiday season. These same students also felt pressured by teachers to be a spokesperson for their religion, and believed that because they are a minority, do not deserve equal rights and privileges. Students attending the Jewish day school never felt marginalized. All of ...


A Model For Assessing The Effectiveness Of Professional Development For Improving Student Learning, John Francis O'Connell Jan 2009

A Model For Assessing The Effectiveness Of Professional Development For Improving Student Learning, John Francis O'Connell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For most of the last 50 years, teachers and administrators have perceived professional development and the instructional role primarily in terms of what one individual does with classes of others. Teachers, like their students, were considered to be rather passive acceptors of the instruction, rather than active modifiers. Thus, there was very little effort to gather empirical evidence that professional development worked especially when it came to its impact on student achievement. This project proposes a research design to gather empirical data on the Iowa Professional Development Model supported by technology. In this study educators were provided with an opportunity ...


Community College Nursing And Allied Health Education Programs, And Iowa's Healthcare Workforce, Michael Patrick Mclaughlin Jan 2009

Community College Nursing And Allied Health Education Programs, And Iowa's Healthcare Workforce, Michael Patrick Mclaughlin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As the nation's population ages and the Baby Boom generation nears retirement, the need for skilled healthcare workers in Iowa and across the nation grows. Healthcare is one of the fastest growing sectors of the U.S. economy, and one of the top industries for job growth and job creation in Iowa. The increase in the number of healthcare positions required--combined with the rapid and complex changes in healthcare delivery and healthcare technology--places an increased burden on Iowa's healthcare education system in its charge to provide an adequate supply of skilled healthcare workers.

Iowa's comprehensive community colleges ...


A Comparison Of The Enrollment And Academic Success Of Dual Credit And Non-Dual Credit Students At Des Moines Area Community College, Randy Alan Mead Jan 2009

A Comparison Of The Enrollment And Academic Success Of Dual Credit And Non-Dual Credit Students At Des Moines Area Community College, Randy Alan Mead

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The role of the community college is multi-faceted and provides expanded access and opportunities to numerous students at all levels. Post-secondary institutions, primarily community colleges throughout the United States, have recently expanded their partnerships with secondary schools to create opportunities which provide students to be enrolled in college course while still enrolled in high school. These high school students are enrolling in higher education at record rates as they participate in these expanding partnerships. These "seamless" educational opportunities are designed specifically for students at the high school level and are known nationally as "dual credit, "concurrent enrollment," and "joint enrollment ...


Design Core Commonalities: A Study Of The College Of Design At Iowa State University, Jane E. Venes Jan 2009

Design Core Commonalities: A Study Of The College Of Design At Iowa State University, Jane E. Venes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This comprehensive study asks what a group of rather diverse disciplines have in common. It involves a cross disciplinary examination of an entire College, the College of Design at Iowa State University. This research was intended to provide a sense of direction in developing and assessing possible Core content. The reasoning was that material that is necessary to all of the different Design programs would be likely material for the Core. In this study, a referenced qualitative study and subsequent quantitative process document the learning most valued by six different Design programs: Architecture, Landscape Architecture, Community and Regional Planning, Graphic ...


The Voices And Experiences Of College 101 Students At Kirkwood Community College, Wendy Joy Lingo Jan 2009

The Voices And Experiences Of College 101 Students At Kirkwood Community College, Wendy Joy Lingo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to provide insight into how community college students experienced college after completing a first-year experience course. The population studied included students at the main campus of Kirkwood Community College, a comprehensive community college in a suburban setting in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. The study examined the experience of the Kirkwood students who successfully completed College 101, Kirkwood's first-year experience course. Research questions included: Did the completion of the College 101 course in their first semester influence students' academic success? Did the completion of College 101 in their first semester influence students' sense of ...


Attitudes Of General Education Teachers Toward Including Students With Special Needs, Tracy Lynn Cagney Jan 2009

Attitudes Of General Education Teachers Toward Including Students With Special Needs, Tracy Lynn Cagney

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Due to the recent push towards inclusion, many students with special needs are finding themselves in the general education classroom. Research has shown that students' success in classes is affected by their teachers' attitudes towards having them in there. This study takes a closer look at high school general education teachers' attitudes, in the state of Iowa, towards working with students with special needs in the general education classroom.


Development Of Male Social Justice Allies Of Women In College: A Case Study Investigation Of Possibilities For Change, Penny Jo Rice Jan 2009

Development Of Male Social Justice Allies Of Women In College: A Case Study Investigation Of Possibilities For Change, Penny Jo Rice

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

College students have been socialized within a patriarchal, male dominated system and have accumulated many life experiences prior to arriving on campus. These experiences could present challenges in communication, may limit the students' ability to develop intimate and meaningful relationships with others, and create struggles during and after college, personally and professionally, for students, their peers and community. This descriptive, embedded, multiple-case study was conducted to explore the effect a half-semester course titled Gender Justice has on male college students' perceptions, beliefs, and actions regarding gender role assignments and their ability to be social justice allies of women. The course ...


Leading Them To Water: A Study Of The Efficacy Of A Mandatory Placement Project In First-Year Academic Courses At A Community College, Janet Elizabeth Emmerson Jan 2009

Leading Them To Water: A Study Of The Efficacy Of A Mandatory Placement Project In First-Year Academic Courses At A Community College, Janet Elizabeth Emmerson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Student retention is a topic at the forefront for all post secondary education institutions. Supporting students in their studies, providing the resources to empower them to complete their education is a critical component in the quality and success of colleges. It is also a fiscal concern for colleges. While first year programs abound, community colleges are faced with the challenges of a largely commuter population with very diverse backgrounds. Community colleges are also by mission, open access institutions.

This quantitative research study looked at a mandatory placement project piloted at a central Iowa community college in 2006 and 2007. It ...


African American College Men Holding Leadership Roles In Majority White Student Groups, Terrence L. Frazier Jan 2009

African American College Men Holding Leadership Roles In Majority White Student Groups, Terrence L. Frazier

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Examining the experience of African American college men has been a subject of many higher education scholars. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to be aware of the lived experience of seven African American college men who hold/held leadership positions in a majority White student group. Using symbolic interactionism and phenomenology as my framework in order to better understand how these men make meaning of their experience leading a majority White group, four themes emerged from this study: natural transition; the pull between Black and White environments; perfectionism; and power and influence.

Implications for student affairs at PWIs ...


Pilot Study Of A Multimedia Instructional Program For Teaching Esl Grammar With Embedded Tracking, Natalya A. Koehler Jan 2009

Pilot Study Of A Multimedia Instructional Program For Teaching Esl Grammar With Embedded Tracking, Natalya A. Koehler

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This is a Pilot Study of a Multimedia Instructional Program for Project-Based Teaching ESL Grammar with Embedded Tracking. This program is meant to teach ESL students the concept of passive voice and its use in affirmative sentences. Students learn how to apply passive voice for the description of the geographical location, terrain, and cities of the USA. The J. Sweller's Cognitive Load Theory and R. Mayer's Multimedia Leaning Theory stand behind the instructional design. The advantage of the program is that learners can adjust the mode of instruction to their learning style. This study evaluates the impact of ...


Service On The Community College Campus: The Millennial Generation Perspective, Kristie Lynn Fisher Jan 2009

Service On The Community College Campus: The Millennial Generation Perspective, Kristie Lynn Fisher

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this phenomenological study is to explore how Millennial generation students (born 1982 or after) experience the services they receive in the community college setting at Kirkwood Community College, a comprehensive community college in a suburban setting in eastern Iowa. The overarching research question for the study is: How do Millennial generation students describe their experiences with service staff on the Kirkwood campus? Among the secondary research questions include: How widely do Millennial generation students describe themselves as "customers" of the community college? How can the characteristics of the Millennial generation help community colleges understand the relationship between ...


Older Baby Boomers Seeking Collegiate Degrees: Developmental Influences On Educational And Vocational Aspirations, Jane L. Schaefer Jan 2009

Older Baby Boomers Seeking Collegiate Degrees: Developmental Influences On Educational And Vocational Aspirations, Jane L. Schaefer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Several national trends are converging to impact adult education today. First, the increasing presence of adults in higher education is accentuated by the expansive Baby Boom generation who are demanding greater access to the higher education system in the United States. Second, regarding workforce and economic development in the 21st century, employers in many industries are experiencing a workforce shortage in both numbers and skill levels of employees (Schultz, 2001; Stein, 2000). Even though four out of five Baby Boomers desire to continue working beyond typical retirement age, many will require upgraded skills and credentials (Freedman, 2005b). A third significant ...


Understanding The Study Abroad Experience Of University Students, Christine Lynne Gemignani Jan 2009

Understanding The Study Abroad Experience Of University Students, Christine Lynne Gemignani

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of culture learning in study abroad through the perceptions of undergraduate students who studied abroad. The study is based in an interpretive qualitative research approach. Interviews were conducted with 13 undergraduate students who studied abroad in a variety of study abroad programs. What students shared about their perspectives on culture learning is situated within the context of their overall learning experience abroad, thus allowing for an understanding of the meaning of the study abroad experience for students. The study is framed by the theory of student involvement (Astin, 1985). This ...


Leadership, Loss, And Healing: A Study Of Women Community College Leaders Who Left The Presidency, Robin Kathryn Shaffer Lilienthal Jan 2009

Leadership, Loss, And Healing: A Study Of Women Community College Leaders Who Left The Presidency, Robin Kathryn Shaffer Lilienthal

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to extend research on female community college presidents by (a) describing and examining the experiences of women who have experienced difficult leadership positions that resulted in departures from community college presidencies; and (b) exploring how these women have made meaning from this experience. Three female community college presidents who had experienced a difficult leadership experience that resulted in leaving the presidency were interviewed to learn about how they viewed their leadership experiences, described what they had learned about leadership, explained about presidential relationships with governing boards, and constructed meaning as a result of ...


Transfer Students In Theatre: A Narrative Study Of Transferring From Community Colleges To Four-Year Institutions, Jennifer Anne Terry Boyenga Jan 2009

Transfer Students In Theatre: A Narrative Study Of Transferring From Community Colleges To Four-Year Institutions, Jennifer Anne Terry Boyenga

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The transfer student phenomenon in higher education is as increasingly complex as the transfer students causing the phenomenon. The collection of narratives in this study reflected transfer experiences of theatre students who were navigating the educational pipeline from community colleges to four-year institutions to major in the theatre discipline. An analysis of the narratives using Schlossberg's transition theory (1984) and the Schlossberg, Waters, and Goodman transition model (1995) identified the issues of transfer which impacted theatre students as they transferred from community colleges to four-year institutions. The issues of transfer identified in the study were simultaneously unique to the ...


Principles For Designing Online Self-Paced Corporate Training, David Braet Jan 2009

Principles For Designing Online Self-Paced Corporate Training, David Braet

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Self-paced online corporate training is growing rapidly in today`s technology-based society. Instructional designers have an important role to ensure that online courses are designed to meet the needs, goals, and learning outcomes of the learner and their employer. In the present study four participants` experience with a self-paced online training course for practicing engineers was examined. A case study for each participant that focuses on three instructional design decisions incorporated into the online training course is described and analyzed. The instructional design decisions were guided by three principles developed for designing self-paced online corporate training. Results suggest that the ...


Life Experiences Of Displaced Workers: From Closing Plants To Their Journey Through Iowa Community Colleges, Anisha La Velle Samuels Jan 2009

Life Experiences Of Displaced Workers: From Closing Plants To Their Journey Through Iowa Community Colleges, Anisha La Velle Samuels

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to illuminate the life experiences of displaced workers enrolled in community colleges for retraining and their views on obtaining employment after completion of a degree. The study is important because it provides qualitative data that will inform community college academic leadership, faculty, student affairs professionals, staff, and others. These data can be used to create a culture of evidence and inform diverse audiences about the experiences of displaced workers in the community college. Ultimately, data should be used to inform leaders, faculty, and staff about how to address the issues displaced workers face ...


Socio-Academic Identities Of Spanish Heritage Learners: Instructional Implications For High School Spanish Teacehrs, Shelly Jeanne Boley Jan 2009

Socio-Academic Identities Of Spanish Heritage Learners: Instructional Implications For High School Spanish Teacehrs, Shelly Jeanne Boley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper discusses the impact Spanish heritage learners' (HL) identities have on Spanish language instruction at the high school level. It identifies Spanish HLs, discusses the connection between language and identity, and relates Spanish HLs language learning to the context of a high school Spanish foreign language classroom.


The Portrayal Of The Nature Of Science In Early Childhood Instructional Materials, Brandon Alan Schrauth Jan 2009

The Portrayal Of The Nature Of Science In Early Childhood Instructional Materials, Brandon Alan Schrauth

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

One issue plaguing science education and science teaching is the way in which the nature of science is portrayed in science classrooms. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which the nature of science is presented in early childhood instructional materials and the accuracy of those NOS portrayals. This study demonstrates that the current representation of NOS is accurate but implicit in most instances. The researcher describes several implications and suggestions for further research in this area.


The Future Value Of Interscholastic Participation: An Analysis Of The Impact Of Participation On Future Earnings And Educational Attainment, William Robert Watson Jan 2009

The Future Value Of Interscholastic Participation: An Analysis Of The Impact Of Participation On Future Earnings And Educational Attainment, William Robert Watson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to investigate the future value of interscholastic participation in extracurricular activities on the individual student level. In this study, two relationships were examined: (a) the relationship between high school student participation and postsecondary educational attainment, and (b) the relationship between high school student participation and future wage earnings. For decades, there has been an overwhelming sentiment that participation in athletics and other extracurricular activities is beneficial to the student. However, very little research has been conducted on extracurricular activities, let alone the relationship between activities and future benefits.

Four different analyses were used in ...