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Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Iowa State University

2016

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Engineering Leadership: Important Themes Identified By Recruiters Of Entry-Level Engineers, Beth Lin Hartmann Jan 2016

Engineering Leadership: Important Themes Identified By Recruiters Of Entry-Level Engineers, Beth Lin Hartmann

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate leadership requirements from the standpoint of prospective employers for full-time, entry-level engineering positions and create a survey instrument to evaluate them. Using the sequential exploratory mixed methods approach, the researchers used emerging qualitative data to inform the development of the quantitative survey instrument.

The qualitative phase of this study sought to understand if industry needs for leadership for two engineering undergraduate populations are the same or different. An analysis was first performed on job postings in the engineering career services database of job postings at a large Midwestern university. The two engineering ...


A Mixed Methods Study Of The Effects Of Clicker Use On Math Anxiety And Achievement In Mathematics, John Herbert Batchelor Jan 2016

A Mixed Methods Study Of The Effects Of Clicker Use On Math Anxiety And Achievement In Mathematics, John Herbert Batchelor

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many large lecture classes at undergraduate institutions have started to utilize technology to engage students. A mixed methods design was used in this dissertation research to build a comprehensive understanding of the statistical relationships among mathematics anxiety, math self-efficacy, and achievement in mathematics among students in a large lecture, undergraduate calculus class taught using clickers. The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the statistical relationships and of the students’ experiences and perspectives on the relationships among mathematics self-efficacy, math anxiety, and achievement, along with the effect of clicker use on these variables, with attention given to ...


International Student-Athlete Experiences At The Ncaa Division I Level, Eric Ryan Bentzinger Jan 2016

International Student-Athlete Experiences At The Ncaa Division I Level, Eric Ryan Bentzinger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study focused on the experiences of seven non-native-English-speaking international student-athletes at an NCAA Division I, large, public, research institution. The experiences of the participants detailed their time prior to attending the institution, while enrolled, and plans after graduation. While previous literature on this topic existed, there was a paucity that positioned the international student-athletes, themselves, at the center of the research. Prior literature was largely quantitative. In an effort to avoid cross-institutional analysis and also due to accessibility of participants, all were selected from the same institution. The participants partook in a lengthy interview (at least one hour ...


A Study Of How Culture, Collaboration, And Advocacy Influence Data-Driven Decision Making At Community Colleges, Marvin Leo Dejear Jan 2016

A Study Of How Culture, Collaboration, And Advocacy Influence Data-Driven Decision Making At Community Colleges, Marvin Leo Dejear

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Data-driven decision making (DDDM), or the use of data to inform educational practices, has become an emerging field of interest over the past decade for educational leaders and researchers (Mandinach and Gummer, 2013). With increased pressure for accountability and improved outcomes by educational institutions, agencies from the federal to the local level have adjusted policies accordingly. National discussions about education reform are replete with calls for more transparency, stronger accountability, improved outcomes, and a more efficient use of public resources (Achieving the Dream, 2012). Advancements in technology have given educators improved access to data, making it easier to retrieve and ...


The Dreamer: An Examination Of Chinese Philosophical Concepts And Audience Through Animation, Fei Xue Jan 2016

The Dreamer: An Examination Of Chinese Philosophical Concepts And Audience Through Animation, Fei Xue

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This document accompanies the MFA thesis exhibition “The Dreamer: An Examination of Chinese philosophical concepts through animation” that took place between May 12th- 19th, 2016 in the College of Design Gallery 181 in Ames, Iowa. The exhibition was categorized into four sections: animation, textile projection, process work, and script installation. Various influences from philosophical, artistic, psychological areas of the body of the artwork were described and analyzed. The process of the whole animation was also identified.

The intention of this written component is to provide commentaries on the history, development and future of the Chinese philosophical and social norms. These ...


International Students’ Decision To Attend A Small, Rural Community College In Iowa, Sarah Ellen Adams Jan 2016

International Students’ Decision To Attend A Small, Rural Community College In Iowa, Sarah Ellen Adams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated why international students chose to enroll at small, rural community colleges in the state of Iowa. Specifically, how key factors (e.g., institutional characteristics, program characteristics, marketing and recruitment characteristics, and significant others’ input) contributed to an international student’s decision to enroll at a small, rural community college in the state. These factors were drawn from a combined model of college choice developed by Hossler and Gallagher (1987). This study serves as an addition to current literature, but it also serves as a tool that enables small, rural community colleges in Iowa to actively and more ...


Waiting To Become: A Descriptive Phenomenology Of Adjunct Faculty Experiences At Multi-Campus Community Colleges, Amanda Lynn Bakley Jan 2016

Waiting To Become: A Descriptive Phenomenology Of Adjunct Faculty Experiences At Multi-Campus Community Colleges, Amanda Lynn Bakley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of adjunct faculty who work at multi-campus community colleges, and who aspire to full-time positions in such institutions. Greater numbers of professionals are entering community colleges with aspirations of becoming full-time faculty. A paucity of research on this topic revealed a need to illuminate the experiences of adjunct faculty working at multi-campus community colleges (Wolfe & Strange, 2003). The widely-held notion that adjuncts choose part-time teaching to earn extra money, give back to the community, or are retirees is not a reality (House Committee on Education and the Workforce Democratic Staff ...


A Mixed Methods Study Of The Effects Of Clicker Use On Math Anxiety And Achievement In Mathematics, John Herbert Batchelor Jan 2016

A Mixed Methods Study Of The Effects Of Clicker Use On Math Anxiety And Achievement In Mathematics, John Herbert Batchelor

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many large lecture classes at undergraduate institutions have started to utilize technology to engage students. A mixed methods design was used in this dissertation research to build a comprehensive understanding of the statistical relationships among mathematics anxiety, math self-efficacy, and achievement in mathematics among students in a large lecture, undergraduate calculus class taught using clickers. The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the statistical relationships and of the students’ experiences and perspectives on the relationships among mathematics self-efficacy, math anxiety, and achievement, along with the effect of clicker use on these variables, with attention given to ...


Designing Infographics To Support Teaching Complex Science Subject: A Comparison Between Static And Animated Infographics, Hesham Galal Hassan Jan 2016

Designing Infographics To Support Teaching Complex Science Subject: A Comparison Between Static And Animated Infographics, Hesham Galal Hassan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores the proper principles and rules for creating excellent infographics that communicate information successfully and effectively. Not only does this thesis examine the creation of Infographics, it also tries to answer which format, Static or Animated Infographics, is the most effective when used as a teaching-aid framework for complex science subjects, and if compelling Infographics in the preferred format facilitate the learning experience. The methodology includes the creation of infographic using two formats (Static and Animated) of a fairly complex science subject (Phases Of The Moon), which were then tested for their efficacy as a whole, and the ...


Conceptualization And Practice Of Information Literacy Instruction In Community Colleges, April Lynne Anderson Jan 2016

Conceptualization And Practice Of Information Literacy Instruction In Community Colleges, April Lynne Anderson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This interpretive multi-case study methodology was conducted with five sites using interviews, observations, and document analysis to answer two research questions: (1) How do community colleges and their libraries' instructional mission statements/statements of purpose conceptualize and understand information literacy? and (2) How are Information Literacy Instruction Programs providing students information literacy instruction, as demonstrated in classroom information literacy instruction sessions? The problem is that students who graduate with an associate's degree and enter the workforce or transfer to university and have not had IL instruction will be at a disadvantage compared to students who have had access to ...


A Teacher Development Program On Call Materials Evaluation: Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Technology, Corry Caromawati Jan 2016

A Teacher Development Program On Call Materials Evaluation: Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Technology, Corry Caromawati

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Teacher Development Programs (TDPs) in Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) aim to develop teachers' knowledge as well as positive attitudes toward technology. Previous studies (Liu & Kelinsasser, 2015; Tai, 2015, 2013; Rienities, Brouwer, & Lygo-Baker, 2013; Wong & Benson, 2006; Chao, 2006; Hegelheimer, 2006; Yildirim, 2000) show that teachers develop their CALL technical pedagogical knowledge through participation in CALL TDPs. In addition to the development of their knowledge, teachers also increase their positive attitudes toward technology after CALL TDPs as revealed in previous studies such as Tai (2013); Kessler (2007); Hegelheimer (2006); Meskill, Anthony, Hilliker-VanStrander, Tseng, and You (2006), and Yildirim (2000). Regarding teachers' CALL knowledge, it is believed that ...


Ratios And Benchmarks As Tools For Local Food Hub Decision-Making: A Comparative Case Study, Savanna May Lyons Jan 2016

Ratios And Benchmarks As Tools For Local Food Hub Decision-Making: A Comparative Case Study, Savanna May Lyons

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Food hubs, or local food aggregation and distribution businesses, are triple-bottom-line firms that play an increasingly important role in connecting small and mid-sized farmers to wholesale and retail markets. This paper explores how food hubs can use their financial data to identify and address strengths and challenges in their operations. We propose a “dashboard” of key metrics and benchmarks for food hub managers, and apply it a comparative case study of four food hubs over three years of operations. We compare and contrast the liquidity, cash flow, efficiency, solvency and repayment capacity of the four cases, and analyze cross-cutting themes ...


20-20 Listening: A Sound Documentary Dedicated To The Study Of Listening Experiences In Acoustic Environments, Julian Andres Osorio Jan 2016

20-20 Listening: A Sound Documentary Dedicated To The Study Of Listening Experiences In Acoustic Environments, Julian Andres Osorio

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The intersection of sound and design is an exciting and complex space for artistic experimentation and research. My approach for this work was to design, write, record and mix seven podcast episodes that narrate my analysis and interpretation of how we listen to sounds and interpret their meaning. Each episode is dedicated to one topic, and presents multiple sound samples that illustrate my take on the subject. The episodes cover the basics of listening, how sound conveys information about objects in environments and how soundscapes are ubiquitous. They include how the music, sounds and noises in film convey meaning, represent ...


Shadow Education In China: What Is The Relationship Between Private Tutoring And Students’ National College Entrance Examination (Gaokao) Performance?, Ran Li Jan 2016

Shadow Education In China: What Is The Relationship Between Private Tutoring And Students’ National College Entrance Examination (Gaokao) Performance?, Ran Li

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between private tutoring and Chinese students’ Gaokao (National College Entrance Exam, NCEE) performance including other potential factors (e.g. gender, registered residence status, family SES, academic track, etc.). Specifically, this study examines three goals: a) the difference between students who choose to participate in private tutoring and students who does not choose to participate in private tutoring in terms of their background information, b) the factors influencing students’ Gaokao performance, and c) the mechanism of how private tutoring and other factors influence students’ Gaokao performance.

This study adopts three theoretical ...


Team-Based Learning In An Undergraduate Capstone Course: Examining The Effectiveness Of A Learner-Centered Instructional Method For Farm Management And Operation Students, Op Mccubbins Jan 2016

Team-Based Learning In An Undergraduate Capstone Course: Examining The Effectiveness Of A Learner-Centered Instructional Method For Farm Management And Operation Students, Op Mccubbins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to describe the effectiveness of Team-Based Learning (TBL) in an undergraduate capstone course within the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Iowa State University. The effectiveness of TBL was measured in three ways, as outlined in the objectives for this study. The objectives were to: (1) Describe student perceptions regarding their beliefs and attitudes about learning, motivation to learn, and professional development through critical thinking; (2) Examine student engagement in a TBL formatted course via student reported frequency of engagement activities compared to instructor-rated importance of engagement activities; (3) Explore the impact a ...


Retention And Persistence Through The Lens Of Four Black Women Community College Students, Glennda M. Bivens Jan 2016

Retention And Persistence Through The Lens Of Four Black Women Community College Students, Glennda M. Bivens

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on how four Black women described their retention and persistence; how institutional retention efforts support or hinder Black women’s perceptions of their ability to persist; and how institutional programs, processes, and policies can be transformed to support the retention and persistence of Black women attending community college. In 2012, 38 percent of Black women in college were enrolled in community colleges, 60 percent were over the age of 25, and 65.3 percent were considered low income.

Although there has been extensive research conducted on retention and persistence broadly, only two studies were identified that focused ...


Xocolat: Community And Cacao, Ryan Jess Hubbard Jan 2016

Xocolat: Community And Cacao, Ryan Jess Hubbard

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the course of 3 years, I spent my life living and

working in Central America; Two and a half years were spent

working as a sustainable agriculture and improved food

securities volunteer for the Peace Corps in Matagalpa,

Nicaragua, three months were spent working in the cacao

fields of Central America, learning about the growing process,

production phases and industry first-hand with people that

have dedicated their lives to growing and producing some of

the finest chocolate in the world, and finally, three months

were spent on the coasts of Costa Rica, working with a group of

marine biologist ...


Predicting And Assessing College Students' Mental Health, Joshua J. Mitchell Jan 2016

Predicting And Assessing College Students' Mental Health, Joshua J. Mitchell

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Concerns about college students’ mental health have prompted attention in recent years. Studies have shown that mental health problems can negatively influence academic performance. Fortunately, positive mental health can serve as a buffer against mental health problems. Integrating a focus on mental health into policies and practices can enhance the educational environment. Not only can policies, practices, and campus community members influence campus climates, but also campus climates can encourage mental health. This dissertation makes two broad contributions to the literature. First, it examines perceptions of campus climates that support civic learning and their influence on mental health. It also ...


The Effect Of Athletic Identity, Occupational Decision-Making Self-Efficacy On Academic Motivation Among Revenue- And Nonrevenue-Status Sport Ncaa Division Ii Student-Athletes, Mark Alan Weatherly Jan 2016

The Effect Of Athletic Identity, Occupational Decision-Making Self-Efficacy On Academic Motivation Among Revenue- And Nonrevenue-Status Sport Ncaa Division Ii Student-Athletes, Mark Alan Weatherly

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

This study made inquiry into the extent to which psychological factors and individual characteristics affect academic motivation among revenue-status and nonrevenue-status sport NCAA Division II student-athletes. In order to examine the link between these variables and academic motivation, participants from five Midwest NCAA Division II universities were surveyed. Participants (n = 353) completed a demographic information sheet, a modified athletic identity measurement scale, occupational decision-making information-gathering and problem-solving self-efficacy scales, and an academic motivation scale. Statistical Package for Social Sciences IBM (SPSS) was used to find general demographics of the data sample as well as the relevant differences between student-athletes ...


Exploring The Experience Of Academic Suspension And Subsequent Academic Resilience For College Students Who Were Reinstated To The Institution: A Phenomenological Analysis, Jennifer Jill Suchan Jan 2016

Exploring The Experience Of Academic Suspension And Subsequent Academic Resilience For College Students Who Were Reinstated To The Institution: A Phenomenological Analysis, Jennifer Jill Suchan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Within the larger group of students who are placed on academic suspension for failure to meet the expectations of minimum academic performance, there is a unique subset of students who seek reinstatement to the institution and, furthermore, who are able to achieve academic success in subsequent semesters. Despite the significant amount of empirical research that exists on the topics of student achievement and attrition, there is still much to be understood about academic suspension and, in particular, the academic resilience of academically suspended college students. This qualitative study utilized a phenomenological approach to explore the academic resilience of academically suspended ...


The Impact Of Predictive Analytics Based Advising On The Selection And Change Of Major Among First-Year, First-Term Students In Engineering, Sylvester Charles Upah Jan 2016

The Impact Of Predictive Analytics Based Advising On The Selection And Change Of Major Among First-Year, First-Term Students In Engineering, Sylvester Charles Upah

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between demographic characteristics, pre-college academic characteristics, first-term academic engagement and completion characteristics, and environmental variables on undergraduate outcomes (i.e., change of major and selection of program of study) as first-year, first-term students transition into the postsecondary environment. The students in this study were freshmen majoring in engineering at a large Midwest research-1 institution with no selected program of study. In the fall of 2015, students received academic advising informed by the use of predictive analytics (i.e., the treatment). The objective was to explore the variables which influence change ...


Predictive Modeling Of Human Placement Decisions In An English Writing Placement Test, Ngan Hoa Vu Jan 2016

Predictive Modeling Of Human Placement Decisions In An English Writing Placement Test, Ngan Hoa Vu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Writing is an important component in standardized tests that are utilized for admission decisions, class placement, and academic or professional development. Placement results of the EPT Writing Test at the undergraduate level are used to determine whether international students meet English requirements for writing skills (i.e., Pass); and to direct students to appropriate ESL writing classes (i.e., 101B or 101C). Practical constraints during evaluation processes in the English Writing Placement Test (the EPT Writing Test) at Iowa State University, such as rater disagreement, rater turnover, and heavy administrative workload, have demonstrated the necessity to develop valid scoring models ...


The Present Status Of Women's And Gender Studies Programs At Community Colleges, Alissa Kristine Stoehr Jan 2016

The Present Status Of Women's And Gender Studies Programs At Community Colleges, Alissa Kristine Stoehr

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

According to the State University of New York-Oneanta (2013), “women’s and gender studies is an interdisciplinary field of study that takes gender as its main category of analysis, and works to reframe the place of gender as essential to the workings of social, cultural, political, and economic systems.” These programs, especially at community colleges, have not benefitted from much research and/or scholarship within the last ten years. For this reason, I chose to explore the history of women’s and gender studies programs at community colleges, their place within higher education, and the creation and maintenance of such ...


Examining Teachers' Experiences In A Professional Learning Community Focused On Integrating Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Jennifer Marie Thoma Jan 2016

Examining Teachers' Experiences In A Professional Learning Community Focused On Integrating Technology Into Literacy Instruction, Jennifer Marie Thoma

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many factors, such as lack of time, access to technology resources, and professional development, have been indicated as barriers to technology integration in teaching. One possible way to support teachers as they integrate technology into their instruction is through professional learning communities . The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine how teachers experienced a Professional Learning Community (PLC) focused on integrating technology into literacy instruction. In this study, the PLC framework was situated as the means for teacher learning and planning. As such, it provided opportunities for teachers to learn from one another as well as share their ...


Biological Diversity In The Biology Classroom: Teachers' Approaches, Attitudes, And Knowledge, Krystal Rachelle Wikstrom Jan 2016

Biological Diversity In The Biology Classroom: Teachers' Approaches, Attitudes, And Knowledge, Krystal Rachelle Wikstrom

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many biological scientists agree that our planet is experiencing a loss of biological diversity, and the available data provide support for the conclusion that the Earth may be facing a sixth mass extinction event. It is essential that the people of the world understand the threats that we face as a result of the loss of biodiversity. An important place to improve understanding is in our secondary school classrooms, as tomorrow’s conservation-minded citizens are today’s students. Before we can reach out to the students with this information, it is important to understand the current state of biodiversity education ...


Couples’ Financial Management And Marital Quality: A Phenomenological Inquiry, Emily Sorenson Jan 2016

Couples’ Financial Management And Marital Quality: A Phenomenological Inquiry, Emily Sorenson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study explores the link between couples’ financial management practices and their marital quality through qualitative inquiry. Six couples in their first marriage with at least one child age 18 or younger were interviewed to understand how their financial histories affect their current approach to financial management and how their financial management affects their relationships. Using Couples and Finances Theory as a conceptual framework, this phenomenological study investigates these linkages to offer implications for financial counselors and therapists. There was no one financial management technique that appeared to link consistently to quality of relationships. Rather, it appeared that underlying relationship ...


A Study Of Teaching Methods To Enhance Creativity And Critical Thinking In Graphic Design, Samantha Colleen Barbour Jan 2016

A Study Of Teaching Methods To Enhance Creativity And Critical Thinking In Graphic Design, Samantha Colleen Barbour

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Progress and change are important to improving old processes and educational

methods are not an exception to these facts of life. Numerous studies have been conducted on different learning styles and methods individuals use to transfer what they learn to new

situations. However, most of these studies do not reflect on what this research means for

designers, specifically graphic designers. Graphic designers play many roles as problem solvers, critical thinkers, and creative strategists. Generally speaking, success in graphic design is measured by the strength of a solution’s creativity. When a solution is creative it tends to address the need ...


The Giver As Content-Based Reading Instruction: Student Beliefs About Using Literature For Esl, Hannah Vaughn Bingham Brunner Jan 2016

The Giver As Content-Based Reading Instruction: Student Beliefs About Using Literature For Esl, Hannah Vaughn Bingham Brunner

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although many instructors claim that literature and literary fiction are beneficial to ESL learners, little research exists to support these claims. Using literature in the language classroom through Content-Based Language Teaching (Mohan, 1971) offers a methods-based framework, but still lacks a linguistic backing to support its use in the EFL or ESL classroom. This study seeks to fill this research gap by integrating Mohan’s (1986) Knowledge Framework (KF) with his theories of CBLT in order to provide theory-driven research to the use of literature in the language classroom.

By using a single case metrology, this study aims to document ...


Developing Interactive Learning For Environmental Issues, Meriesa C. Elliott Jan 2016

Developing Interactive Learning For Environmental Issues, Meriesa C. Elliott

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The environment is being negatively affected by the behavior of human beings. Climate change, while a natural occurrence, is happening at an unnatural pace, sped up by human actions. Even with these things in mind, it seems an impossible task to get people to move toward positive environmental impacts. While many people are aware of environmental issues, they don’t fully understand what actions are contributing to the problems, what alternative options they have, or how they can help alleviate the problem. With that in mind, I examine how effective interactive design can be at creating a learning environment by ...


A Study On The Impact Of Funding On State-Level Community College Governance Systems, Jeffrey Alan Fletcher Jan 2016

A Study On The Impact Of Funding On State-Level Community College Governance Systems, Jeffrey Alan Fletcher

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Building on a 2015 national landscape research study of state-level community college governance systems, the purpose of this study was to determine if there were correlational relationships between revenue resource funds, state-level community college governance systems, and state funding distribution formulae. Many states had experienced change since 2000, and therefore, it was important to research the impact of funding. Although state funding distribution formulae emerged organically, they remain exposed to ever-changing technological, economic, and political developments. Similarly, state-level community college governance systems also remain susceptible to these technological, economic, and political dynamics. It has been noted that these two subjects ...