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Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Iowa State University

2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 97

Full-Text Articles in Education

Students' Perspectives On The Use Of L1 In English Classrooms, Wafa Abdo Ahmed Al Sharaeai Jan 2012

Students' Perspectives On The Use Of L1 In English Classrooms, Wafa Abdo Ahmed Al Sharaeai

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The current study looks into the reasons and perspectives students have about the use of their first language in English classrooms. It analyzes their opinions on different issues connected to first language use. The analysis for this paper was conducted on data from an online survey and follow-up interviews based on 51 total participants. The results showed that students used their first language for a variety of reasons. The amount of first language used also differed. The results also showed that patterns emerged when considering the participants' language backgrounds, age, and the English language proficiency level. The results of this ...


Research-Based Design Of Interactive Multimedia For Solving Instructional Problems, Natalya A. Koehler Jan 2012

Research-Based Design Of Interactive Multimedia For Solving Instructional Problems, Natalya A. Koehler

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is an effort to demonstrate the design engineering of three multimedia instructional programs. It presents the design studies of three multimedia applications that combine both the effect of multimedia and instructional strategies used in these applications. It contributes to a reasoned and researched set of principles that can be applied effectively using a variety of media in a variety of settings. The evaluation of these multimedia applications conducted in real classrooms allows the researcher to derive instructional principles that are both grounded in theory and supported by evidence from authentic tasks.


Identifying Faculty Motivations To Increase Technology Use In Pedagogy At A Midwestern University, Cynthia Lynn Fleagle Jan 2012

Identifying Faculty Motivations To Increase Technology Use In Pedagogy At A Midwestern University, Cynthia Lynn Fleagle

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to make meaning of the experiences of six faculty members at Midwestern University and how they make sense of the combined use of technology, pedagogy, and content within the classroom. One way this study expanded the available knowledge base and filled the gap in the literature was to provide a voice for the six faculty members. Through interviews and document analysis, meaning was connected for the six faculty members. The focus during data analysis was the phenomenon of the use of technology in pedagogy practices of the faculty members. Focusing on the phenomenon ...


The Impact Of A Intervention Program On The Knowledge And Behaviors Of School-Age Children In Alabama Regarding Nutrition And Physical Activity, Angel Nita Dunlap Jan 2012

The Impact Of A Intervention Program On The Knowledge And Behaviors Of School-Age Children In Alabama Regarding Nutrition And Physical Activity, Angel Nita Dunlap

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

For many years, the prevalence of increased health

problems due to unhealthy eating and physical inactivity has become a huge concern. In study after study, the residents in the state of Alabama have ranked high in such dubious categories as obesity, diabetes, and lack of exercise (Trust for America's Health, 2008). This concern has gained national attention. With this in mind, organizations such as the Boys and Girls Clubs of America and the Alabama Cooperative Extension System have begun developing and implementing programs for children and youth that focus on healthy eating and being active. Nevertheless, over the ...


Math And Science Community College Faculty: A Culture Apart, Jane Bradley Jan 2012

Math And Science Community College Faculty: A Culture Apart, Jane Bradley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This is a quantitative, survey-based study of Iowa community college faculty members. The survey was administered in the spring of 2011 to all faculty members identified by their colleges as being employed full time. This study compares the demographics of math and science faculty members to faculty within the arts and sciences who do not teach math or science. Comparisons of how the two groups interact with students and what they identify as barriers to student success are included, as well as their attitudes about mentoring, encouraging students, and their roles in student recruitment and student retention. Highly correlated variables ...


His-Stories: Young, Non-Residential, African American Fathers Participating In A Responsible Fatherhood Program: A Hermeneutic Inquirey, Gregory Suni Childs Jan 2012

His-Stories: Young, Non-Residential, African American Fathers Participating In A Responsible Fatherhood Program: A Hermeneutic Inquirey, Gregory Suni Childs

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Childs, Suni Gregory. Ph.D., Iowa State University, May 2012. His-stories: Young, non-residential, African American fathers participating in a responsible fatherhood program: A hermeneutic inquiry. Major Professors: Robert H. Bosselman and Steve B. Garasky.

In America, 26 percent of all children live within a single parent household that is headed by a female. Of that number, two-thirds of African American children are now born into single-mother households. The purpose of this Phenomenological (Hermeneutic) study was to conduct in-depth hermeneutical interviews with a selected group of young African American fathers, who have or are currently participating in one of two Responsible ...


School Communications 2.0: A Social Media Strategy For K-12 Principals And Superintendents, Daniel Dean Cox Jan 2012

School Communications 2.0: A Social Media Strategy For K-12 Principals And Superintendents, Daniel Dean Cox

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative, multiple-case study was two-fold: 1) to describe, analyze, and interpret the experiences of school principals and superintendents who use multiple social media tools such as blogs, microblogs, social networking sites, podcasts, and online videos with stakeholders as part of their comprehensive communications practices, and 2) to examine why the principals and superintendents have chosen to communicate with their stakeholders through social media. Qualitative, semi-structured interviews with 12 principals and 12 superintendents purposefully selected from four regions of the United States and Canada were conducted. Social CRM served as the framework for the study. Findings revealed ...


Preschool Teachers' Perspectives Of Empathy And Parent-Teacher Partnership In Early Childhood Education, Nancy Peck Jan 2012

Preschool Teachers' Perspectives Of Empathy And Parent-Teacher Partnership In Early Childhood Education, Nancy Peck

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study focused on understanding empathy and its role in partnerships between teachers, children, and their families within the context of early childhood education. Empathy is critical in relationships and has been tied to positive outcomes in social services, but society as a whole has been characterized as facing an "empathy deficit." Diversity has increased dramatically in the United States within the past 30 years. As diversity increases, the need for teachers to be able to empathize with children and families who are different from themselves also increases. Empathy in early childhood education partnerships is valued, however the role ...


The Experiences Of Adult/Child Identity Theft Victims, Axton Betz Jan 2012

The Experiences Of Adult/Child Identity Theft Victims, Axton Betz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

Cases of identity theft are increasing, with incidents of child identity theft rising more quickly than other types of identity theft (Cullen, 2007). Identity theft can be financial, medical, and character-related, with parents being the most common perpetrators (Cullen, 2007; Schmidt & McCoy, 2005). There are two categories of child identity theft victims: child victims and adult/child victims. According to Foley and Nelson (2009), adult/child identity theft victims are those who were victimized while under the age of 18 but did not learn of the crime until they were 18 or older. The sample for this study included ...


Learning Communities: Understanding The Transfer Student Experience, Jennifer R. Leptien Jan 2012

Learning Communities: Understanding The Transfer Student Experience, Jennifer R. Leptien

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Increasing numbers of students are transferring from two-year to four-year higher education institutions. Existing research indicates that transfer students often encounter multiple academic and social challenges during the transition (Duggan & Pickering, 2008; Laanan, 2004; Townsend & Wilson, 2009). Learning Communities (LC) are one way in which the receiving institution can offer academic and social support to transfer students. LC provide small cohorts with an opportunity to take courses together, engage in out-of-class activities, receive peer mentoring from upper-division students, and are proven to positively influence student retention (Shapiro & Levine, 1996). Furthermore, Bandura (1994) asserts that four domains of self-efficacy: mastery experiences; vicarious experiences; social persuasion; and somatic influences are critical to shaping individual motivation. Self-efficacy can provide a lens through which transfer student LC experiences and persistence can be understood. Through interviews and focus groups, this qualitative study explores the insights of twelve transfer LC participants and four LC program coordinators; investigates the challenges of, and opportunities for, transfer LC design; and identifies the role of self-efficacy in ...


Wikipedience: Teaching Students To Write For Nonacademic Audiences, Rhonda Lorraine Mccaffery Jan 2012

Wikipedience: Teaching Students To Write For Nonacademic Audiences, Rhonda Lorraine Mccaffery

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As a qualitative study and that employs teacher research methods and activity theory analysis, this dissertation explores the effectiveness of an assignment designed to both teach introductory technical and business communication students how to better write for nonacademic (workplace) audiences and to facilitate skills and knowledge transfer using Wikipedia as a writing medium. In particular, it explores the potential and problems that can arise when contradiction, something that can interfere with an individual's successful completion of a task, is used to promote student learning. In a three-article format, the author presents case studies of one technical communication student and ...


Assessing Understanding Of The Nature Of Science And Science Self-Efficacy In Undergraduates Involved In Research In An Introductory Geology Course, Elizabeth L. Moss Jan 2012

Assessing Understanding Of The Nature Of Science And Science Self-Efficacy In Undergraduates Involved In Research In An Introductory Geology Course, Elizabeth L. Moss

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As part of a campus-wide effort to transform introductory science courses to be more engaging and to more accurately convey the excitement of discovery in science, we have re-created the curriculum of our introductory geology lab. We have transformed what was a series of `cookbook' lab activities into a series of activities based in scientific inquiry and cooperative learning and have included a six-week, student driven research project focused on local groundwater and surface water issues, seeking to determine whether or not this new curriculum was an effective means to increase students' understanding of the nature of science and self-efficacy ...


Social Presence, Social Interaction, Collaborative Learning, And Satisfaction In Online And Face-To-Face Courses, Lajoy Renee Spears Jan 2012

Social Presence, Social Interaction, Collaborative Learning, And Satisfaction In Online And Face-To-Face Courses, Lajoy Renee Spears

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

.


The Situational Analysis Of The Language Needs At The Bp Language Center In Basra, Iraq., Lana Abdulmahdi Al Mudhaffar Jan 2012

The Situational Analysis Of The Language Needs At The Bp Language Center In Basra, Iraq., Lana Abdulmahdi Al Mudhaffar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In 2003 Iraq faced a variety of abrupt sociocultural changes following the advent of war and the end of the Sadaam Hussein regime. The subsequent ten years of reconstruction brought about new needs and demands for Iraq and its population. These challenges came to light with Iraq's sudden thrust into a global environment, where English is becoming increasingly important. This study examines the evolving language needs of Rumaila Operation Organization (ROO) employees based in Basra. Specifically, the need for course work that will improve English language skills and enhance performance in the work place is critical. Due to the ...


Guided-Inquiry Based Laboratory Instruction: Investigation Of Critical Thinking Skills, Problem Solving Skills, And Implementing Student Roles In Chemistry, Tanya Gupta Jan 2012

Guided-Inquiry Based Laboratory Instruction: Investigation Of Critical Thinking Skills, Problem Solving Skills, And Implementing Student Roles In Chemistry, Tanya Gupta

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Dissertation Abstract

Recent initiatives in the laboratory curriculum have encouraged an inquiry-based approach to learning and teaching in the laboratory. It has been argued that laboratory instruction should not just be hands-on, but it should portray the essence of inquiry through the process of experiential learning and reflective engagement in collaboration with peers and in facilitation by the instructor. A student-centered active learning approach may be an effective way to enhance student understanding of concepts in the laboratory. The dissertation research work explores the impact of laboratory instruction and its relevance for college-level chemistry. Each chapter is different from the ...


Teaching Students With Behavioral Disorders To Use A Negotiation Procedure: Impact On Classroom Behavior And Conflict Resolution Strategy, Cathy Anna Bullock Jan 2012

Teaching Students With Behavioral Disorders To Use A Negotiation Procedure: Impact On Classroom Behavior And Conflict Resolution Strategy, Cathy Anna Bullock

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The impact of the instruction of a six-step problem solving negotiation procedure on the conflict resolution strategies and classroom behavior of six elementary students with challenging behaviors was examined. Moderately positive effects were found for the following negotiation strategies used by students: independent problem solving, problem solving requiring a teacher prompt, and avoiding. However, there were limited effects of the negotiation instruction on the students' use of the negotiation strategy of forcing; and a negligible, negative effect was found on student problem solving negotiation requiring a prompt by a crisis interventionist. Similarly, there were limited effects of the instruction on ...


Mentoring Influence On Socially Responsible Leadership Capacity Based On Institutional Carnegie Classification, Michael Carl Gleason Jan 2012

Mentoring Influence On Socially Responsible Leadership Capacity Based On Institutional Carnegie Classification, Michael Carl Gleason

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Higher education institutions are being called to provide leaders capable of operating in increasingly complex environments (Astin & Astin, 2000; Daloz Parks, 2005; Longo & Gibson, 2011; Rost & Barker, 2000). As immersion into these complex environments has been found to assist students in developing leadership capacities, mentoring is needed to help support students during these immersion experiences. Researchers have explored how mentoring influences leadership development (Campbell, Smith, Dugan & Komives, in press; Collins-Shapiro, 2006; Gleason, 2009; Jabaji, Slife, Komives, & Dugan, 2008), but it is valuable to study mentoring effects within different institution types based on Carnegie Classification, as different environments have different influences on student effects and outcomes. There currently exists a lack of literature in this area.

This post-positivist, quantitative study utilized a secondary data set, the 2009 Multi-Institutional Study of Leadership (National Center for Leadership Programs, 2011) to understand how mentoring and leadership development compare among institutions of different Carnegie Classifications. Respondents in this data set attended 101 institutions in the United States that had responded to an open call in the summer of 2008. A subsample of 57,713 of the original 115,632 cases contained responses related to mentoring for this study. The Multi-Institutional Study of Leadership utilized the Socially Responsible Leadership Scale as its primary scale, which was developed by Tyree (1998) and measures the core values of the Social Change Model.

Seven research questions provided the foundation of the study, which was operationalized in Astin's (1993) Input-Environment-Output (I-E-O) Model. Variables in the study were analyzed utilizing descriptive statistics; inferential statistics, such as analysis of variance (ANOVA); and multiple sequential hierarchical regression analyses. The findings of this study provide insightful information for researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. Understanding how mentoring influences leadership development in different institution types can help improve practice and provide insight for additional research.


How Graduates Make Meaning Of Their On-Campus Employment: A Retrospective View, Margaret Jane Empie Jan 2012

How Graduates Make Meaning Of Their On-Campus Employment: A Retrospective View, Margaret Jane Empie

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore and understand how recent college graduates made meaning of their on-campus work experience. The author interviewed graduates from a private liberal arts institution regarding how their on-campus employment impacted their academic success, overall student experience, and beginning careers.

The participants believed that supervisors arranging their work schedules for them when they began working, and the time management skills they developed because they worked, positively contributed to their academic success. They said they would not have studied more even if they had had more time. Solid work ethics got the participants to ...


Professional Learning Communities: An Analysis Of Teacher Participation In A Plc And The Relationship With Student Academic Achievement, Anthony James Aylsworth Jan 2012

Professional Learning Communities: An Analysis Of Teacher Participation In A Plc And The Relationship With Student Academic Achievement, Anthony James Aylsworth

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to compare teacher participation in a Professional Learning Community with the performance of their students. Student achievement data from multiple subject-alike groups were compared in a pre- and post-PLC format, using an independent, two-sample t-test. Overall, 10 PLCs from one high school in a suburban, Iowa setting were compared. Mean scores from the 3 research questions that guided this study found that (1) 7 of the 10 PLCs improved student learning after functioning as a PLC, (2) no consistent relationship existed between teacher participation in a PLC and student failure rates, and (3) no consistent correlation existed ...


Perceptions Of The Other: Voices Of Adjunct And Fulltime Community College Faculty, William Wayne Backlin Jan 2012

Perceptions Of The Other: Voices Of Adjunct And Fulltime Community College Faculty, William Wayne Backlin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The practice of hiring adjunct instructors was initially considered to be an anomalous event (Todd, 2004). Community college employment of adjunct instructors, however, witnessed a 50% increase during the 1970s (Cain, 1999) and, by 1984, adjunct instructor utilization in community colleges rose dramatically with an additional 80% growth. Over a 33-year period, 1970-2003, the employment of adjunct faculty in the academe increased 422% (Bouton, 2010). With such a strong adjunct presence within the community college, one question came to mind: How do adjunct and fulltime faculty perceive the other?

The purpose of this study was to investigate adjunct perceptions of ...


East Asian Students' Negotiation Of Silence In A University Intensive English Reading Class: An Examination Of Cross-Cultural Transition Within A Project-Oriented Call Approach, Migyu Kang Jan 2012

East Asian Students' Negotiation Of Silence In A University Intensive English Reading Class: An Examination Of Cross-Cultural Transition Within A Project-Oriented Call Approach, Migyu Kang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

abstract

English as a Second Language (ESL) classroom learning demonstrates a dynamic situation in that learners encounter adjustment issues in relation to linguistic and cultural differences. This study incorporated a technology-mediated language teaching method, called project-oriented computer-assisted language learning (PrOCALL), into the research framework to gain an understanding of how the PrOCALL approach to ESL reading instruction facilitates East Asian students' cross-cultural transition. To investigate the influence of this approach on the target students' learning and transition to the target classroom norms and practices, the study drew on New Literacy Studies, sociocultural theory, and transactional theory. This study relied on ...


A Validity Argument For Score Meaning Of A Computer-Based Esl Academic Collocational Ability Test Based On A Corpus-Driven Approach To Test Design, Erik Voss Jan 2012

A Validity Argument For Score Meaning Of A Computer-Based Esl Academic Collocational Ability Test Based On A Corpus-Driven Approach To Test Design, Erik Voss

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Among the language capacities that L2 learners of English develop as they increase their proficiency is the ability to use appropriate collocations in the relevant registers of language use. Assessment of this capacity may therefore provide an efficient means of distinguishing among examinees with various levels of language proficiency within a particular register, although research has not yet attempted to operationalize such a measure. The purpose of this research is to explore the use of a measure of developmental, register-specific collocational knowledge as a means of making relevant distinctions among examinees in a minimal amount of time. Ultimately, such a ...


Parents' And Practitioners' Perceptions Of Supports, Interventions, And The Home Visiting Process Used In Early Intervention, Jason Peck Jan 2012

Parents' And Practitioners' Perceptions Of Supports, Interventions, And The Home Visiting Process Used In Early Intervention, Jason Peck

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have been considered an uncommon childhood disorder, but now they are estimated as one of the most prevalent types of developmental disabilities. Although people are more aware of ASDs, many questions remain. The purpose of this phenomenological study is to explore three issues: parents' of young children diagnosed with ASDs perceptions of supports thought to be effective in addressing stress, practitioners' views of interventions, and parents' and interventionists' perceptions of the structure of the home visit used in Early Intervention. Interviews and observations were used to collect data, and findings from this are presented in the ...


Sexual Encounters: Gay Male College Students' Use Of The Internet And Social Media, Rinardo Lamon Reddick Jan 2012

Sexual Encounters: Gay Male College Students' Use Of The Internet And Social Media, Rinardo Lamon Reddick

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There have been many studies that focus on understanding various aspects of human sexuality and how it relates to college students. However, the current research focuses on heterosexual students, leaving a void in the research that focuses on gay male college students. Even more crucially, there is a void in research that focuses on the sexual risks gay male college students' face and how their actions impact their well-being.

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore gay male college students' sexual behavior and its implications in higher education and gay male health practices. The Health Belief Model and ...


Accessible Lear: Teaching King Lear To Secondary-Education Students, Rachel Mckenny Jan 2012

Accessible Lear: Teaching King Lear To Secondary-Education Students, Rachel Mckenny

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis tackles the issues of how to include Shakespeare, specifically King Lear, in the secondary classroom with performance, nontraditional formats like comic books, pairing with modern texts, and other pedagogical options. The first chapter tackles the introduction of students to Shakespeare. By using four mini-lessons, teachers can help any student can feel that the plays are not only approachable and understandable, but also fun. The second chapter treats how best to teach the rich language of Shakespeare to this age group. Within King Lear the rhetorical and literary devices, along with the complex and sometimes strange vocabulary, can place ...


Learner Interaction Patterns And Student Perceptions Toward Using Selected Tools In An Online Course Management System, Aruna Sai Kuna Jan 2012

Learner Interaction Patterns And Student Perceptions Toward Using Selected Tools In An Online Course Management System, Aruna Sai Kuna

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The study identified the association between student interaction patterns and academic performance in online graduate courses delivered by the Department of Agricultural Education and Studies at Iowa State University. In addition, the study investigated which online course tools were perceived by students to be most useful in learning. The study used both quantitative and qualitative research methods. The quantitative study population (n=76) consisted of graduate students who were enrolled in online courses in the Department of Agricultural Education and Studies (AGEDS) during Fall 2009 and Spring 2010. Student interactions were extracted by using the "student tracking" tool. Student demographics ...


Teacher And Student Perspectives On A Blended Learning Intensive English Program Writing Course, Lars Jacob Ege Larsen Jan 2012

Teacher And Student Perspectives On A Blended Learning Intensive English Program Writing Course, Lars Jacob Ege Larsen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The use of Blended Learning (BL) in higher education has increased significantly during the past decade. This dissertation investigates the use of BL with ESL writing students in an intensive English program. The purpose was to investigate how to prepare ESL teachers to create a productive BL environment for their ESL writing students. This includes an investigation of how to best train the teachers in BL pedagogy and online teaching technology and a measure of the students' perceptions of the BL environment with respect to its productiveness. Finally, the study sought to discover how students experienced the teacher's practice ...


Assessment Of Native Languages For Food Safety Training Programs For Meat Industry Employees, Sherrlyn Sue Olsen Jan 2012

Assessment Of Native Languages For Food Safety Training Programs For Meat Industry Employees, Sherrlyn Sue Olsen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Challenges arise when teaching food safety to culturally diverse employees working in meatpacking and food manufacturing industries. A food safety training program was developed in English, translated into Spanish, and administered to 1,265 adult learners. Assessments were conducted by comparing scores before and immediately following training. Scores concerning food safety knowledge and food handling behavior improved dramatically when training was conducted in the native language. Impressive gains were noted for Spanish-speaking participants who averaged 96.60% on post-training scores, demonstrating that identical food safety training programs are most successful with both English- and Spanish-speaking individuals when presented in their ...


Preparing Language Teachers To Teach In Virtual Worlds: Analyzing Their Content, Technological, And Pedagogical Needs, Karina Torres Farias Da Silva Jan 2012

Preparing Language Teachers To Teach In Virtual Worlds: Analyzing Their Content, Technological, And Pedagogical Needs, Karina Torres Farias Da Silva

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In spite of the increased use of virtual worlds for language teaching and learning, few empirical studies have addressed the teachers' perspectives regarding teaching in these 3D virtual environments. An understanding of how virtual worlds such as Second Life may be beneficial for the design of enriching language learning experiences helps teachers decide if and how to best use them. The main purpose of this dissertation was to identify the competencies language teachers need in order to teach in Second Life (or a similar virtual world) and the best ways to prepare them to integrate virtual worlds into their language ...


Hitting The Ground Running: The Social Transition Of Community College Transfer Students In An Admissions Partnership Program, Kevin J. White Jan 2012

Hitting The Ground Running: The Social Transition Of Community College Transfer Students In An Admissions Partnership Program, Kevin J. White

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the background characteristics and experiences of participants and non-participants of Iowa State University's Admissions Partnership Program. The Laanan Transfer Student Questionnaire was used to collect data concerning the background characteristics as well as the community college and university experiences of the community college transfer students. A hypothetical conceptual framework based on Laanan, Egggleston, and Starobin's (2010) concept of transfer capital was utilized to examine community college transfer students. Selected variables of background characteristics, community college experiences, and university experiences were utilized for the hypothesized conceptual framework. An examination of the ...