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Full-Text Articles in Education

Tax Credits For Private School Tuition And The Relationship To Private School Enrollment, Joel Bohlken Jan 2011

Tax Credits For Private School Tuition And The Relationship To Private School Enrollment, Joel Bohlken

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nine states have enacted education tax credit laws in the last 14 years, four states in just the past five years. More states are currently considering enactment of tax credit laws. This study provided data on enrollment trends in public and private schools in five of these states before and after education tax credits were made available. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between education tax credits and school enrollment in K-12 public and private schools.

The study of the relationship between tuition tax credits and student enrollment in public and private schools ...


A Comparison Of Accelerated And Non-Accelerated Students And The Effect On Graduation At A Midwestern Rural Community College, Michelle Marie Schmit Jan 2011

A Comparison Of Accelerated And Non-Accelerated Students And The Effect On Graduation At A Midwestern Rural Community College, Michelle Marie Schmit

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Accelerated programs, also referred to as dual enrollment and concurrent enrollment, provide an opportunity for high school students to earn both high school and college credit by enrolling in specified college courses. These programs provide high school students with the opportunity to experience the college atmosphere, get an early start on college classes, pay less towards their total college expenses, and supplement their high school coursework with more rigorous curriculum.

Far fewer students complete college than intended. Many plan to go, but do not have a realistic idea of what that means or where to begin. Since 1985, dual enrollment ...


The Role Of Phi Theta Kappa Membership In Community College Student Engagement, Marjorie Maye Welch Jan 2011

The Role Of Phi Theta Kappa Membership In Community College Student Engagement, Marjorie Maye Welch

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Enrollment in American community colleges has increased dramatically over the last few decades. Currently, close to one half of all undergraduate students in the United States are enrolled in a community college. Historically, community college students were often viewed as at-risk for noncompletion of their educational program. A component of the educational experience identified by researchers that can be used to predict college persistence is the existence of high levels of student engagement (Astin, 1999). Many student behavior variables may be used to quantitatively measure student engagement. These variables include: time spent preparing for class, participation level during class discussions ...


The Use Of Agents In Applying To The U.S. Higher Education: Experience Of Chinese Undergraduate Students, Yi Zhang Jan 2011

The Use Of Agents In Applying To The U.S. Higher Education: Experience Of Chinese Undergraduate Students, Yi Zhang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is three fold: (1) to enhance understanding about Chinese undergraduate students' experience when applying to U.S. higher education institutions; (2) to examine rationale of Chinese students using, or not using, an agent to assist their application process and to identify differences or similarities between the two groups; and (3) to explore roles that agents play in Chinese undergraduates' application process and to identify to what extent agents assist their college application preparation.

This study adopts two theoretical frameworks. Cubillo, Synchez, and Cerviyo's (2006) theoretical model of international student college choice and Sharma's ...


From Dropout To Degree: The Ged Pathway To And Through Iowa Community Colleges, Andrew Joseph Ryder Jan 2011

From Dropout To Degree: The Ged Pathway To And Through Iowa Community Colleges, Andrew Joseph Ryder

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study analyzed available individual-level data on the fiscal year 2004 cohort of Iowa GED candidates to identify demographic, economic, academic ability, and educational goal factors that predicted students' success from earning the GED to completing a community college credential. The theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1985; Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975), persistence theory for adult learners (Bean & Metzner, 1985), and human capital theory (Becker, 1992; Schultz, 1961) supported a conceptual framework asserting that a positive GED experience, mediated by demographic, economic, and ability considerations, may contribute to increased aspirations toward additional schooling. Probit models were used to determine statistically significant predictors for earning the GED (e.g., age, Latino, Black, goal of earning GED), enrolling in community ...


The Community College Nursing Director: A Leader In The Community College And Nursing Profession, Brenda Lee Krogh Duree Jan 2011

The Community College Nursing Director: A Leader In The Community College And Nursing Profession, Brenda Lee Krogh Duree

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The profession of nursing occurs in complicated work environments that require individuals to be immersed in areas with vulnerable populations that demand nurturing relationships between patients, family, friends, and employees. With the majority of nurses obtaining their initial education at a community college, strong leadership at the helm of the nursing programs is critical. The community college nurse leader is charged with tackling the challenges of: staying abreast of a rapidly changing healthcare system, providing quality educational programs for future nurses, addressing a national nursing shortage, and confronting a nurse educator shortage that oftentimes supplies the pool of future nurse ...


Transitions For Success: A Phenomenological Study Of Non-Traditional Ged Completers Into The Community College, Christina Marie Dunn Carpenter Jan 2011

Transitions For Success: A Phenomenological Study Of Non-Traditional Ged Completers Into The Community College, Christina Marie Dunn Carpenter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The vision statement of one large Midwestern community college is "dedicated to helping students achieve lifelong fulfillment by providing a quality, innovative and responsive learning environment. Each day, [the college] champions the aspirations of individuals, communities and the state..." Helping each individual realize a lifelong dream is centered on providing a quality education so that he or she may benefit economically, socially, and personally to achieve a better quality of life that expands those benefits to the community, state and world.

Evaluating where the college stands on access to individuals and the communities it serves is critical. It is important ...


Complicity With The Neocolonial Project In Education: A Deconstruction Of Student Affairs Preparation Practices, Stephanie Bondi Jan 2011

Complicity With The Neocolonial Project In Education: A Deconstruction Of Student Affairs Preparation Practices, Stephanie Bondi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Student affairs scholars have yet to explore neocolonialism. Scholars within the field rely on the foundational documents of the profession to guide policy and practice, without interrogating the widespread history of the colonial project. However, neocolonialism involves forces of domination and control through social, political, economic, and educational discourses, policies, and practices. This dissertation explores practices within one student affairs preparation classroom through a cultural historical activity theory framework (CHAT). Then, these practices are compared to standards for student affairs preparation programs to link the practices in the local classroom to the field at large. Finally, practices are deconstructed through ...


Uncovering The Delegitimized Experience Of Non-Spanish Speaking Latinos/As Attending A Predominantly White Institution, Hector A. Limon Jan 2011

Uncovering The Delegitimized Experience Of Non-Spanish Speaking Latinos/As Attending A Predominantly White Institution, Hector A. Limon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Language is an integral part of the Latino/a community. For Latinos/as, language is a symbolic marker of ethnic authenticity; however, no higher education research exists describing the ethnic identity development of non-Spanish speaking Latinos/as. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to understand how non-speaking Spanish Latinos/as understood their status within the Latino/a community and the larger campus community. Utilizing Torres's (1999, 2003) work on ethnic identity development to situate participants' ethnic identity development, three themes emerged as descriptive of student's lived experiences: (a) It is a Midwest thing; (b) I am not ...


School Administrators' Perceptions And Practices Associated With The Utilization Of Ewalk During Classroom Walk-Throughs, Benjamin James Johnson Jan 2011

School Administrators' Perceptions And Practices Associated With The Utilization Of Ewalk During Classroom Walk-Throughs, Benjamin James Johnson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In the era of accountability, school administrators must not only meet the demands of merely managing a building but must also serve as the instructional leader and lead learner working to improve both the teaching and learning of the institution. Increasingly, administrators are using the supervisory practice of classroom walk-throughs as a means of formative evaluation to purposefully monitor and evaluate the intended curriculum as well as lead the learning within professional learning communities in order to assess the enacted curriculum as a means to improve student academic achievement. The classroom walk-through process can assist administrators in creating a systemic ...


Finding Rainbows In The Clouds: Learning About The Full Professorship From The Stories Of Black Female Full Professors, Natasha Nicole Croom Jan 2011

Finding Rainbows In The Clouds: Learning About The Full Professorship From The Stories Of Black Female Full Professors, Natasha Nicole Croom

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is little empirical research about the benefits, privileges, and experiences associated with faculty at the rank of full professor. This dissertation focused on the experiences of seven black female full professors, in various higher education programs and departments across the U.S., who successfully navigated the faculty promotion processes and attained the highest rank in the professoriate. Currently, black women comprise 1.26% of faculty at the rank of full professor nationally. Further, the number of black women at this rank in the subfields of higher education (e.g., higher education administration, student affairs, community college, adult education) is ...


Making A Difference And Facilitating Success: A Model Of Chicana/O Student Retention In Chicana/O Studies, Philip L. Vasquez Jan 2011

Making A Difference And Facilitating Success: A Model Of Chicana/O Student Retention In Chicana/O Studies, Philip L. Vasquez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For every 100 Chicana/o students only 24 will enroll in college and of those students only seven will obtain a bachelor's degree (Yosso, 2006). These data present the need for increased examination of how students are retained in higher education. Therefore, this study sought to further understand and explore the retention factors contributing to the development and anticipated college completion of a case of Chicana/o studies students working toward the completion of their bachelor's degrees. Findings revealed that retention was impacted by academic factors such as faculty affirmation, and positive contributions to academic development. Social factors ...


Perceived District-Level Leadership Influences Upon Student Achievement, Dan Mart Jan 2011

Perceived District-Level Leadership Influences Upon Student Achievement, Dan Mart

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand district-level leadership's perceived influences on and barriers to improved student achievement. The following research questions were addressed: (a) How do superintendents view their influence on student achievement? (b) How do school board presidents view their influence on student achievement? (c) What do superintendents perceive are barriers to their influence on student achievement? (d) What do school board presidents perceive are barriers to their influence on student achievement?

Analysis of data this phenomenological study uncovered three themes: (1) alignment of the superintendent and board of education on student achievement goals, (2) continuous ...


More Than A Window Dressing?: A Critical Race Institutional Ethnography Of A Multicultural Student Services Administrator At A Pwi, Jessica Janet Ranero Jan 2011

More Than A Window Dressing?: A Critical Race Institutional Ethnography Of A Multicultural Student Services Administrator At A Pwi, Jessica Janet Ranero

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Multicultural student services (MSS) emerged on predominantly white institutions (PWIs) as a result of student of color movements demanding equitable access, representation, and culturally relevant support systems. Over time, the goal and purpose of MSS has shifted away from its political roots and these offices are now expected to provide diversity education for all students thus limiting their ability to serve as advocates for racial equity. The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how the policies, unwritten rules, and practices of institutions of higher education shape the work of MSS and influence the overall access ...


Are You Man Enough To Be A Nurse? The Road Less Traveled, Barbara Ann Cook-Krieg Jan 2011

Are You Man Enough To Be A Nurse? The Road Less Traveled, Barbara Ann Cook-Krieg

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although men make up approximately 50% of the general workforce, they continue to be a gendered minority in nursing, representing only 6.6% of the registered nurse workforce in the United States (United States Department of Health Resources and Services Administration, 2010). Why are there not more men in nursing?

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore how men came to choose nursing as a career, and to describe their perceived experiences in an associated degree ladder nursing program. Guiding the study was the theoretical framework of John L. Holland's work on career choice (1997). Qualitative methods ...


Enrollment Management Strategies: Effectiveness And Usage At Member Institutions Of The Council For Christian Colleges And Universities, Bethany J. Schuttinga Jan 2011

Enrollment Management Strategies: Effectiveness And Usage At Member Institutions Of The Council For Christian Colleges And Universities, Bethany J. Schuttinga

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This exploratory study investigated the relationships between enrollment management strategies and enrollment growth or decline between 2005 and 2009 within member institutions of the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU). The study employed a quantitative survey research design that identified usage of strategies in the areas of admissions, retention, curricular changes, marketing, external stakeholders, academic quality, commitment to mission, and strength of organizational leadership.

The research focused on four questions:

1. What are the demographic characteristics among respondents within the sample?

2. What enrollment models are currently in place at CCCU member institutions?

3. What strategies and programs are ...


Service Participation As A Predictor Of Multicultural Competency In College Graduates: A Comparative Study Of Sectarian And Nonsectarian Institutions, Stephanie Ann Krauth Jan 2011

Service Participation As A Predictor Of Multicultural Competency In College Graduates: A Comparative Study Of Sectarian And Nonsectarian Institutions, Stephanie Ann Krauth

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between college student participation in service, whether it be community service, volunteerism, or service-learning, and the level that the students self-identify that they demonstrated multicultural competency. This study also looked at what impact factors, such as gender, race/ethnicity, academic major, academic performance, family income, and parental education, have on the service-multicultural competency relationship. Finally, the study examined the relationship between other collegiate experiences, such as faculty interaction, cocurricular involvement, and exposure to racial/cultural awareness activities, and the student's level of multicultural competency. This study had three goals ...


Neither Here, Nor There: The Experience Of Immigration, Integration, And Consciousness Development Among Generation 1.5 Asian Indian American College Students, Vijay Kanagala Jan 2011

Neither Here, Nor There: The Experience Of Immigration, Integration, And Consciousness Development Among Generation 1.5 Asian Indian American College Students, Vijay Kanagala

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Invisible under the Asian American umbrella for the past four and half decades, Indian Americans have been increasingly gaining recognition as the impeccable "model minority" post dotcom boom at the turn of the 21st century. The success stories of a small percentage of Asian Indian Americans has lead researchers to believe that this racial and ethnic minority group tends to have better economic outcomes compared to their White counterparts, and as a result the entire United States population. This economic success has come with a price and has basically negated this community's status as racial and ethnic minorities as ...


Factors That Contribute To Overall Job Satisfaction Among Faculty At A Large Public Land-Grant University In The Midwest, Trina Jo Ramirez Jan 2011

Factors That Contribute To Overall Job Satisfaction Among Faculty At A Large Public Land-Grant University In The Midwest, Trina Jo Ramirez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Previous research studies have indicated that academic workplaces that do not acknowledge the multidimensional lives of faculty constitute an unsupportive and unwelcoming environment especially for women faculty who undertake both an academic career and motherhood. In recent years, institutions of higher education have adopted and made available to their faculty dependent care policies that extend beyond the federally mandated Family Medical Leave Act of 1993. These policies include, among others, options that allow faculty members with dependents to elect to stop the tenure clock or to modify their workload (e.g., work part time and reduce course loads and service ...


Stem Development: A Study Of 6th-12th Grade Girls' Interest And Confidence In Mathematics And Science, Carol Heaverlo Jan 2011

Stem Development: A Study Of 6th-12th Grade Girls' Interest And Confidence In Mathematics And Science, Carol Heaverlo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Researchers, policymakers, business, and industry have indicated that the United States will experience a shortage of professionals in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Several strategies have been suggested to address this shortage, one of which includes increasing the representation of girls and women in the STEM fields. In order to increase the representation of women in the STEM fields, it is important to understand the developmental factors that impact girls' interest and confidence in STEM academics and extracurricular programs. Research indicates that greater confidence leads to greater interest and vice versa (Denissen et al., 2007). This study ...


The Role Of Mentoring In Community College Presidential Preparation, Jeffery Rabey Jan 2011

The Role Of Mentoring In Community College Presidential Preparation, Jeffery Rabey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

An impending leadership crisis looms for America's community colleges due to the large number of senior level administrators anticipating retirement in the near future. An estimated 80% of current community college presidents intend to retire within the next 10 years. Coupled with the lack of qualified, willing personnel to assume the leadership roles in the community college pipeline, a leadership crisis is inevitible for community colleges. With nearly half the students enrolling in undergraduate education choosing the community college (American Association of Community Colleges [AACC], 2008), it is imperative that community colleges begin to identify and prepare midlevel administrators ...


Ncaa Division Iii Faculty Satisfaction With Intercollegiate Athletics, Kevin Lee Sanger Jan 2011

Ncaa Division Iii Faculty Satisfaction With Intercollegiate Athletics, Kevin Lee Sanger

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Few studies have focused on faculty perceptions of intercollegiate athletics (Cockley & Roswal, 1994). Further knowledge of faculty satisfaction with intercollegiate athletics will help lead the reform effort needed to reestablish the academic integrity that has been tarnished by the practices and behaviors of those involved in managing college athletics (Kuga, 1996).

The purpose of this study was to examine faculty satisfaction with intercollegiate athletics at 25 randomly selected NCAA Division III institutions. The unit of analysis was faculty members who responded to the Faculty Satisfaction with Intercollegiate Athletics Survey in the fall of 2010.

Approximately two thirds of the respondents ...


Conceptualizing Latina/O Philanthropy In Higher Education: A Study Of Latina/O Undergraduate Alumni From A Predominantly White Jesuit Institution, José Angel Cabrales Jan 2011

Conceptualizing Latina/O Philanthropy In Higher Education: A Study Of Latina/O Undergraduate Alumni From A Predominantly White Jesuit Institution, José Angel Cabrales

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There has been a growing body of research on Latina/o undergraduate students, primarily in the areas of access and retention, yet there is limited research on Latina/o baccalaureate alumni and their post-graduation institutional engagement. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore and understand how Latina/o alumni define their roles as alumni, interact with their alma mater, and give to the institution. Using Yosso's (2005) Community Cultural Wealth model as a guiding framework for this study, four themes emerged which highlights the different ways Latina/o alumni approach giving: Latina/o alumni as university ambassadors ...


Managing School Behavior: A Qualitative Case Study, Pamela R. Dodge Jan 2011

Managing School Behavior: A Qualitative Case Study, Pamela R. Dodge

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this dissertation research were to understand the methods by which building-level school administrators collect office discipline referral data, and to understand the ways they make decisions based on that data. In order to achieve this overall objective, the following research questions framed this study:

1. To what extent do administrators have access to behavior data that inform their decisions on how to improve student success in school and society?

2. To what extent do administrators use behavior data to improve student success in school and in society?

3. What do administrators perceive it would take to enhance ...


Community College Athletes: The Influence Of The Chance To Compete On College Choice, Patricia Ann Rinke Jan 2011

Community College Athletes: The Influence Of The Chance To Compete On College Choice, Patricia Ann Rinke

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Intercollegiate athletes are an important and viable group of students for many colleges, including community colleges. These students can add to the student life experience, increase exposure of institution to the community, and enhance enrollment. Despite the large number of community college athletes, there is little literature on the experiences, recruitment, and college choice patterns of community college athletes.

Currently, there are a few studies on college choice of college athletes; however, most of this literature focuses on athletes in powerhouse programs. There are also studies on college choice of community college students; however, this literature generally does not focus ...


Linking Adult Learner Satisfaction With Retention: The Role Of Background Characteristics, Academic Characteristics, And Satisfaction Upon Retention, Karen Tjossem Anderson Jan 2011

Linking Adult Learner Satisfaction With Retention: The Role Of Background Characteristics, Academic Characteristics, And Satisfaction Upon Retention, Karen Tjossem Anderson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Adult students are an important and viable clientele for colleges and universities today. They provide additional tuition revenue, bring the richness and variety of their knowledge and life experience to the classroom, and present additional challenges and opportunities for institutions that choose to serve this group.

Adult learners have different characteristics than traditional students, which result in different enrollment patterns. Adult learner retention is often influenced by factors outside the institution, such as family and work commitments as well as financial considerations. Adult learners view education as a product to be consumed, and their satisfaction with the product influences their ...


Exploring The College Experiences Of Students Adopted From South Korea, Jennifer Garrett Nissen Jan 2011

Exploring The College Experiences Of Students Adopted From South Korea, Jennifer Garrett Nissen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This phenomenological study focused on the college experiences of students adopted from South Korea. The purpose of this qualitative study was to better understand the college experiences of Korean adoptees related to their personal development and Korean cultural awareness while at a mid-sized Midwestern university. Eleven students at a land-grant institution in the Midwestern United States participated in this study. Data were collected using the three interview structure that Seidman (2006) outlined. The first interview focused on life history, the second meeting on details of their college experience, and the final interview on the meaning made of these experiences. The ...


Business Internships And Their Relationship With Retention, Academic Performance, And Degree Completion, Robert Bruce Walker Jan 2011

Business Internships And Their Relationship With Retention, Academic Performance, And Degree Completion, Robert Bruce Walker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship between internships and grade point average, retention, and persistence to degree completion for business students in a private, not-for-profit, 4-year, liberal arts baccalaureate institution. Research has indicated benefits for students and schools involved in internship programs. Student retention and persistence has become an important measure of institutional efficiency. Student involvement, as well as academic and social integration, have been linked to increased retention and degree completion. A well-structured internship should increase student involvement and academic and social integration leading to increased retention, persistence, and degree completion. This study sought to ...


Real Diversity Or Just Another Mask: An Ethnomethodological Study Of Authentic Ethnicity Of African-American Community College Administrators, Albert Devon Farr Jan 2011

Real Diversity Or Just Another Mask: An Ethnomethodological Study Of Authentic Ethnicity Of African-American Community College Administrators, Albert Devon Farr

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

At the turn of the 20th century, W.E.B. DuBois theorized that African Americans, then referred to as Negroes, are forced to live a life of "double-consciousness" for survival. He asserts that navigating the thin line between the cultural expectations of White mainstream America, and being one's authentic self, creates immeasurable stress and contempt. This ethnomethodological inquiry of racial and cultural dynamics of the community college seeks to understand the intentional strategies of seven African American community college presidents and chancellors, as they balance their authentic selves and the cultural mainstream of the community and the college. This ...


Picturing Learning: A Visual Ethnography Of Social Learning During A Short-Term Study Abroad Program, Carrie Anne Kortegast Jan 2011

Picturing Learning: A Visual Ethnography Of Social Learning During A Short-Term Study Abroad Program, Carrie Anne Kortegast

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this visual ethnography is to understand how social participation contributes to student learning during a short-term study abroad program. This project has a dual goal of exploring study abroad and exploring social learning. Using participants' photography, this study will examine the social practice of study abroad as well as the ways in which students engage in their study abroad experience. Additionally, this study frames learning and education as a sociocultural activity rather than solely an individual, cognitive process. This visual ethnography utilized three different theoretical approaches--interpretivism, critical theory, and critical postmodernism--to analyze student participation and create different ...