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Full-Text Articles in Education

Accessing An Undergraduate Program In The United States: Latin American Male Experiences And Perceptions, Sam Robert Von Gillern Jan 2012

Accessing An Undergraduate Program In The United States: Latin American Male Experiences And Perceptions, Sam Robert Von Gillern

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the experiences and perceptions of Latin American males who accessed undergraduate education in the United States. Because the mobility of Latin American students pursuing higher education outside of Latin America is low (Gacel-Ávila, 2011), developing an understanding of this phenomenon is important. This is especially true because international and domestic students alike benefit from each other's participation in U.S. higher education (Obst & Forster, 2006; Winkler, 1984). This study utilizes an interview-based, qualitative approach to learn the stories of two Latin American men. Three primary themes that illuminate important aspects of their journeys emerged: viability, motivation, and perceptions ...


Exploring Foundations For Self-Determination In Young Children With Disabilities In The People's Republic Of China (Prc): What Families Report, Yuzhu Zheng Jan 2012

Exploring Foundations For Self-Determination In Young Children With Disabilities In The People's Republic Of China (Prc): What Families Report, Yuzhu Zheng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Research shows that foundational skills acquired in the early years of development like making choices, self-regulation, and engagement, are significant underpinnings for the future development of self-determination skills in adolescence and adulthood. This is particularly true for individuals with disabilities in the United States. Although family members play a key role in their child's development of foundational skills for self-determination, no research has been conducted to examine whether these skills are valued with equal significance by families of young children with disabilities in countries outside the United States. The purpose of the phenomenological study described here is to increase ...


Learning Communities: Understanding The Transfer Student Experience, Jennifer R. Leptien Jan 2012

Learning Communities: Understanding The Transfer Student Experience, Jennifer R. Leptien

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Increasing numbers of students are transferring from two-year to four-year higher education institutions. Existing research indicates that transfer students often encounter multiple academic and social challenges during the transition (Duggan & Pickering, 2008; Laanan, 2004; Townsend & Wilson, 2009). Learning Communities (LC) are one way in which the receiving institution can offer academic and social support to transfer students. LC provide small cohorts with an opportunity to take courses together, engage in out-of-class activities, receive peer mentoring from upper-division students, and are proven to positively influence student retention (Shapiro & Levine, 1996). Furthermore, Bandura (1994) asserts that four domains of self-efficacy: mastery experiences; vicarious experiences; social persuasion; and somatic influences are critical to shaping individual motivation. Self-efficacy can provide a lens through which transfer student LC experiences and persistence can be understood. Through interviews and focus groups, this qualitative study explores the insights of twelve transfer LC participants and four LC program coordinators; investigates the challenges of, and opportunities for, transfer LC design; and identifies the role of self-efficacy in ...


Math And Science Community College Faculty: A Culture Apart, Jane Bradley Jan 2012

Math And Science Community College Faculty: A Culture Apart, Jane Bradley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This is a quantitative, survey-based study of Iowa community college faculty members. The survey was administered in the spring of 2011 to all faculty members identified by their colleges as being employed full time. This study compares the demographics of math and science faculty members to faculty within the arts and sciences who do not teach math or science. Comparisons of how the two groups interact with students and what they identify as barriers to student success are included, as well as their attitudes about mentoring, encouraging students, and their roles in student recruitment and student retention. Highly correlated variables ...


Identifying Faculty Motivations To Increase Technology Use In Pedagogy At A Midwestern University, Cynthia Lynn Fleagle Jan 2012

Identifying Faculty Motivations To Increase Technology Use In Pedagogy At A Midwestern University, Cynthia Lynn Fleagle

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to make meaning of the experiences of six faculty members at Midwestern University and how they make sense of the combined use of technology, pedagogy, and content within the classroom. One way this study expanded the available knowledge base and filled the gap in the literature was to provide a voice for the six faculty members. Through interviews and document analysis, meaning was connected for the six faculty members. The focus during data analysis was the phenomenon of the use of technology in pedagogy practices of the faculty members. Focusing on the phenomenon ...


Identifying The Relationships Among Precollegiate Characteristics, College Experiences, And Leadership Outcomes, Elizabeth Ann Foreman Jan 2012

Identifying The Relationships Among Precollegiate Characteristics, College Experiences, And Leadership Outcomes, Elizabeth Ann Foreman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Educational reform movements have increased the attention to the importance of leadership development in higher education (Astin, Kuep, & Lindholm, 2002) and provided standards for these programs (CAS, 2006). Research identified a relationship between extracurricular participation and leadership outcomes (Birkenholz & Schumacher, 1994), participation in leadership programs and leadership outcomes (Dugan, Bohle, Gebhardt, Hofert, Wilk, & Cooney, 2011), and the impact of college classes and leadership outcomes (Buschlen & Dvorak, 2011). However, little research has integrated theoretical understandings of the college student leadership phenomena to explore how the higher education environment influences leadership outcomes. A great need exists to understand better the unique nature of college student leadership development as well as how the collegiate experience contributes to that process.

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the precollegiate and collegiate experiences that result in increased leadership development. The study focused on three research objectives: 1) identify and describe experiences of undergraduate extracurricular involvement that result in increased leadership development; 2) examine the quantitative and qualitative aspects of involvement in extracurricular clubs and organizations and those relationships with leadership development and, 3) identify the extent to which precollegiate and collegiate experiences independently and collectively contribute to college students' socially responsible leadership.

Traditional-age undergraduate college students who were classified as seniors in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (N=969) were sampled to examine the undergraduate students' relationship between extracurricular involvement and leadership outcomes. Data related to classroom experiences, curricular experiences, and ...


Mentoring Influence On Socially Responsible Leadership Capacity Based On Institutional Carnegie Classification, Michael Carl Gleason Jan 2012

Mentoring Influence On Socially Responsible Leadership Capacity Based On Institutional Carnegie Classification, Michael Carl Gleason

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Higher education institutions are being called to provide leaders capable of operating in increasingly complex environments (Astin & Astin, 2000; Daloz Parks, 2005; Longo & Gibson, 2011; Rost & Barker, 2000). As immersion into these complex environments has been found to assist students in developing leadership capacities, mentoring is needed to help support students during these immersion experiences. Researchers have explored how mentoring influences leadership development (Campbell, Smith, Dugan & Komives, in press; Collins-Shapiro, 2006; Gleason, 2009; Jabaji, Slife, Komives, & Dugan, 2008), but it is valuable to study mentoring effects within different institution types based on Carnegie Classification, as different environments have different influences on student effects and outcomes. There currently exists a lack of literature in this area.

This post-positivist, quantitative study utilized a secondary data set, the 2009 Multi-Institutional Study of Leadership (National Center for Leadership Programs, 2011) to understand how mentoring and leadership development compare among institutions of different Carnegie Classifications. Respondents in this data set attended 101 institutions in the United States that had responded to an open call in the summer of 2008. A subsample of 57,713 of the original 115,632 cases contained responses related to mentoring for this study. The Multi-Institutional Study of Leadership utilized the Socially Responsible Leadership Scale as its primary scale, which was developed by Tyree (1998) and measures the core values of the Social Change Model.

Seven research questions provided the foundation of the study, which was operationalized in Astin's (1993) Input-Environment-Output (I-E-O) Model. Variables in the study were analyzed utilizing descriptive statistics; inferential statistics, such as analysis of variance (ANOVA); and multiple sequential hierarchical regression analyses. The findings of this study provide insightful information for researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. Understanding how mentoring influences leadership development in different institution types can help improve practice and provide insight for additional research.


Guided-Inquiry Based Laboratory Instruction: Investigation Of Critical Thinking Skills, Problem Solving Skills, And Implementing Student Roles In Chemistry, Tanya Gupta Jan 2012

Guided-Inquiry Based Laboratory Instruction: Investigation Of Critical Thinking Skills, Problem Solving Skills, And Implementing Student Roles In Chemistry, Tanya Gupta

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Dissertation Abstract

Recent initiatives in the laboratory curriculum have encouraged an inquiry-based approach to learning and teaching in the laboratory. It has been argued that laboratory instruction should not just be hands-on, but it should portray the essence of inquiry through the process of experiential learning and reflective engagement in collaboration with peers and in facilitation by the instructor. A student-centered active learning approach may be an effective way to enhance student understanding of concepts in the laboratory. The dissertation research work explores the impact of laboratory instruction and its relevance for college-level chemistry. Each chapter is different from the ...


Engineering Transfer Student Leavers: Voices From The Sidelines Of The Engineering Playing Field, Mary Elizabeth Darrow Jan 2012

Engineering Transfer Student Leavers: Voices From The Sidelines Of The Engineering Playing Field, Mary Elizabeth Darrow

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to understand and illuminate the experiences and stories of Midwestern Community College transfer students who entered and left engineering at a large Midwestern research university. Participants were invited based the following selection criteria: (1) Midwestern Community College transfer students who enter engineering; (2) completion of Calculus I and II, Physics, Chemistry, English I and II prior to transferring; (3) stayed in engineering at least 2 semesters; and (4) left engineering in the Fall 2010, Spring 2011, or Fall 2011 semesters for another major.

Eight students participated in this qualitative study. The researcher encouraged ...


The National Standards For Teachers Of Family And Consumer Sciences: An Implementation And Revision Study, Karen Marie Bergh Jan 2012

The National Standards For Teachers Of Family And Consumer Sciences: An Implementation And Revision Study, Karen Marie Bergh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The National Standards for Teachers of Family and Consumer Sciences (Standards) (Appendix A), adopted in 2004, provide an integrated set of standards which form a framework for program development, implementation and assessment for Family and Consumer Sciences teacher preparation. Periodic review of standards is recommended by organizations involved in standards setting (ISO, 2009; NSTA, 2003). This study explored implementation of the Standards by states and their respective teacher preparation programs and reviewed the 2004 Standards (NSTFCS, 2004). As a result of this investigation, changes to update the Standards were conveyed to the Standards team. A survey methodology was used ...


Parents' And Practitioners' Perceptions Of Supports, Interventions, And The Home Visiting Process Used In Early Intervention, Jason Peck Jan 2012

Parents' And Practitioners' Perceptions Of Supports, Interventions, And The Home Visiting Process Used In Early Intervention, Jason Peck

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have been considered an uncommon childhood disorder, but now they are estimated as one of the most prevalent types of developmental disabilities. Although people are more aware of ASDs, many questions remain. The purpose of this phenomenological study is to explore three issues: parents' of young children diagnosed with ASDs perceptions of supports thought to be effective in addressing stress, practitioners' views of interventions, and parents' and interventionists' perceptions of the structure of the home visit used in Early Intervention. Interviews and observations were used to collect data, and findings from this are presented in the ...


Collegiate Schemas: The Influence Of Institutional Met Expectations On Tenure-Track Faculty Job Satisfaction, Jason L. Pontius Jan 2012

Collegiate Schemas: The Influence Of Institutional Met Expectations On Tenure-Track Faculty Job Satisfaction, Jason L. Pontius

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

"Met expectations" research into job satisfaction (Locke, 1976; Porter & Steers, 1973) has shown that the expectations employees bring to their jobs influence their overall job satisfaction. At colleges and universities, faculty job satisfaction is important because it can provide a measure of overall institutional effectiveness (Cameron, 1978), and can directly influence decisions to leave the institution (Mobley, 1977; Smart, 1990; Zhou & Volkwein, 2004). This study used multiple regression analyses to determine if tenure-track faculty job satisfaction is influenced by the differences between the colleges and universities, as measured by institutional characteristics, where faculty earned their bachelor's and doctorate degrees and their current institution of employment. This study posited that faculty form mental models or schemas of college and university work environments based on their undergraduate and graduate school experiences. These collegiate schemas create expectations for future work experiences among college and university faculty. Faculty job satisfaction was determined ...


Preparing Language Teachers To Teach In Virtual Worlds: Analyzing Their Content, Technological, And Pedagogical Needs, Karina Torres Farias Da Silva Jan 2012

Preparing Language Teachers To Teach In Virtual Worlds: Analyzing Their Content, Technological, And Pedagogical Needs, Karina Torres Farias Da Silva

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In spite of the increased use of virtual worlds for language teaching and learning, few empirical studies have addressed the teachers' perspectives regarding teaching in these 3D virtual environments. An understanding of how virtual worlds such as Second Life may be beneficial for the design of enriching language learning experiences helps teachers decide if and how to best use them. The main purpose of this dissertation was to identify the competencies language teachers need in order to teach in Second Life (or a similar virtual world) and the best ways to prepare them to integrate virtual worlds into their language ...


Explaining Critical Thinking Skills, Leadership Skills, And Openness To Diversity In Fraternity Members: A Quantitative Analysis, Jonathan M. Turk Jan 2012

Explaining Critical Thinking Skills, Leadership Skills, And Openness To Diversity In Fraternity Members: A Quantitative Analysis, Jonathan M. Turk

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Each year thousands of college students make the choice to join a men's collegiate social fraternity. This study sought to understand how a student's demographic characteristics, academic characteristics, participation in fraternity activities, and chapter characteristics explain growth, learning, and development along three areas: critical thinking, leadership, and openness to diversity. To assess fraternity members' development of critical thinking skills, leadership skills, and openness to diversity, data were collected from members of Delta Tau Delta international fraternity using the University Learning Outcomes Assessment (UniLOA) during the spring of 2011, resulting in a sample size of 1,238 students.

Through ...


Implementation Of Standards-Based Grading At The Middle School Level, Laura Jill Urich Jan 2012

Implementation Of Standards-Based Grading At The Middle School Level, Laura Jill Urich

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to learn about the experiences of teachers as they transition from traditional grading practices to standards-based reporting (SBR). In order to achieve this overall objective, the following research questions framed this qualitative study:

1) What understandings related to practices do middle school teachers have as they transition from traditional grading practices to standards-based reporting?

2) What kinds of supports do teachers need as they transition from traditional grading practices to standards-based reporting?

3) Is there a change in teachers' clarity regarding what their students know, understand, and do as they transition from traditional grading ...


Assessing Cognitive Processes, Instructor Strategies, And The Transdisciplinary Nature Of Course Offerings In Post-Secondary Sustainability Education Programs, Dennis L. Wilson Jan 2012

Assessing Cognitive Processes, Instructor Strategies, And The Transdisciplinary Nature Of Course Offerings In Post-Secondary Sustainability Education Programs, Dennis L. Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this case study was to describe, assess, and compare the cognitive level of instruction, course objectives, instructional strategies, assessments, and the transdisciplinary nature of two post-secondary degree programs in sustainability. Instructional strategies in these programs included such methods as class presentations, group activities, and interaction with students. The populations for the case studies consisted of instructors and administrators from two undergraduate courses at the Arizona State University School of Sustainability and two graduate courses at Portland State University Institute for Sustainable Solutions. The cognitive levels of instruction were derived from courses selected from the core curriculum ...


International Student Teaching In Non-Western Cultures: Impact On First Year Teachers, Leigh Christine Martin Jan 2012

International Student Teaching In Non-Western Cultures: Impact On First Year Teachers, Leigh Christine Martin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research illuminated how five first-year teachers described the intercultural development that occurred while student teaching in a non-Western culture, and the value that those experiences abroad brought to their classrooms during their first year of teaching. The focus was to capture the essence of the experiences abroad as perceived and described by participants and how those experiences influenced both the tacit and explicit practices in their first year of teaching.

This qualitative study focused on four research questions: (a) How do first year teachers describe the intercultural development that occurs while student teaching in a non-Western culture?, (b) How ...


Stem Development: A Study Of 6th-12th Grade Girls' Interest And Confidence In Mathematics And Science, Carol Heaverlo Jan 2011

Stem Development: A Study Of 6th-12th Grade Girls' Interest And Confidence In Mathematics And Science, Carol Heaverlo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Researchers, policymakers, business, and industry have indicated that the United States will experience a shortage of professionals in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Several strategies have been suggested to address this shortage, one of which includes increasing the representation of girls and women in the STEM fields. In order to increase the representation of women in the STEM fields, it is important to understand the developmental factors that impact girls' interest and confidence in STEM academics and extracurricular programs. Research indicates that greater confidence leads to greater interest and vice versa (Denissen et al., 2007). This study ...


Hospitality Management Graduates' Perceptions Of Career Factor Importance And Career Factor Experience And The Relation With Turnover Intentions, Eric A. Brown Jan 2011

Hospitality Management Graduates' Perceptions Of Career Factor Importance And Career Factor Experience And The Relation With Turnover Intentions, Eric A. Brown

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Previous researchers have shown hospitality management students have different expectations than experiences in a career in the hospitality industry. The purpose of this research was to determine the importance and experiences of career factors of hospitality management graduates and how they relate to turnover intentions. In particular, differences between those that stayed in the hospitality and those that left the hospitality industry were examined.

Web-based questionnaires were distributed to hospitality management graduates from different four-year institutions. These questionnaires were designed to measure the perception of experience and perceptions of importance of 20 factors that could influence a hospitality management graduate ...


(Re)Conceptualizing Resistance To (Re)Conceptualize Campus Climate Challenges: Analyzing The Resistant Register Of Student Reflection Writing In A University Diversity Course, Kathryn S. Jaekel Jan 2011

(Re)Conceptualizing Resistance To (Re)Conceptualize Campus Climate Challenges: Analyzing The Resistant Register Of Student Reflection Writing In A University Diversity Course, Kathryn S. Jaekel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Given the rise in diversity across college campuses, campus climate surveys have recommended universities offer diversity courses to help improve sensitivity towards diversity. This dissertation project looks at one of these university diversity courses and how students resist social justice issues in their written reflection papers. Using critical discourse analysis (CDA), informed by Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL), this project specifically analyzes which linguistic devices students use in their reflections to construe a resistant tenor. This study identifies three primary linguistic devices in student writing: personalization through pronoun use, use of modal verbs, and use of declarative sentence structure. Together, I ...