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Full-Text Articles in Education

Closing The Achievement Gap Through Parent Education And Quantitative Linguistic Feedback: The Use Of Lena Start To Improve The Home Linguistic Environment And Parental Knowledge Of Child Development, Craig Van Pay Jan 2017

Closing The Achievement Gap Through Parent Education And Quantitative Linguistic Feedback: The Use Of Lena Start To Improve The Home Linguistic Environment And Parental Knowledge Of Child Development, Craig Van Pay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates the use of an eight-week, parent-education program (LENA Start™) to increase the amount of child-directed speech, quantity of conversations, and parental knowledge of child development. For most young children, parents or caregivers primarily provide their language and literacy environment. However, all children do not receive the same early experiences due to differences in socioeconomic status or parent knowledge. Such differences can result in varied quantity and quality of linguistic input to the child, influencing later academic achievement. Therefore, interventions to combat the achievement gap between children of low and high socioeconomic status families are used and researched ...


International Student-Athlete Adjustment Experience At Community Colleges In The Midwest, Jennifer Sabourin Jan 2017

International Student-Athlete Adjustment Experience At Community Colleges In The Midwest, Jennifer Sabourin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Each academic year, the number of international students attending colleges and universities in the United States increases. Of the nearly 1 million international students coming to the United States for education, just under 10% enroll at community colleges; international student-athletes are among that total. In addition to the cultural and academic adjustments that all international students face, international student-athletes have the added pressures of athletics to adjust to when attending their community college. In the past, limited research focusing on the international student-athlete adjustment experience at 4-year universities has been conducted.

In this study, I emulated previous research, focusing more ...


First-Generation Community College Students And Their Sense Of Place: An Opportunity To Succeed; An Opportunity To Belong, Cheryl J. Williams Jan 2017

First-Generation Community College Students And Their Sense Of Place: An Opportunity To Succeed; An Opportunity To Belong, Cheryl J. Williams

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the past decades, community college attendance has continued to be the first stop and school of choice for over half of the college student population, particularly for first-generation students. However, despite their enrollment, degree attainment remains low for first-generation students. It is not enough to get them in the door—it is critical that they belong. A college experience that provides a sense of belonging and sense of place for first-generation students is crucial. Sense of belonging has been shown to contribute to a positive student identity and experience that leads to higher retention and graduation rates. Student belonging ...


The Role Of Involved Positive Parenting And Classroom Emotional Support On Preschool Children’S Prosocial And Problem Behaviors, Carlee Konz Jan 2017

The Role Of Involved Positive Parenting And Classroom Emotional Support On Preschool Children’S Prosocial And Problem Behaviors, Carlee Konz

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Children’s behavior early in life has many short- and long-term implications. The current study investigates the associations among involved positive parenting, classroom emotional support, and children’s problem and prosocial behaviors, using Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory as a theoretical framework. Additionally, classroom emotional support was analyzed to see if it moderated the association between involved positive parenting and children’s behaviors. This study examined Head Start classrooms from the FACES 2009 data set, specifically looking at parent-reported positive parenting, observed classroom emotional support, and parent- and teacher-reported children’s problem and prosocial behaviors. Regression and interaction models were chosen ...


An Examination Of Front-Line Student Services Staff’S Experience Transitioning From A Traditional To An Integrated Model Of Student Service, Christopher David Bowser Jan 2017

An Examination Of Front-Line Student Services Staff’S Experience Transitioning From A Traditional To An Integrated Model Of Student Service, Christopher David Bowser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative comparative case study was to understand how front-line student services staff experience transition from a traditional model of service to an integrated model of service. There were three fundamental questions framing this research study:

1. What strategies and support systems were utilized by staff making the transition from a traditional model of student service to an integrated model of student service?

2. In what ways did staff perceive the control they had over their changing role during the transition?

3. How did the reorganization impact issues of motivation, satisfaction, productivity, and service quality?

Twenty participants ...


The Influence Of An Online Pronunciation Teacher’S Manual On Teachers’ Cognitions, Sinem Sonsaat Jan 2017

The Influence Of An Online Pronunciation Teacher’S Manual On Teachers’ Cognitions, Sinem Sonsaat

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite their importance, teacher’s manuals (TM) have never drawn much attention in language teaching research, and therefore they have not been researched from the perspective of pronunciation teaching. It may be that they have not been perceived as having a role more than being an answer key for student materials (Sheldon, 1987). However, TMs deserve attention since curriculum materials - including TMs - have a positive impact on teachers’ learning and professional development (Grossman & Thompson, 2008). TMs may especially be crucial in supporting teachers in pronunciation teaching since many teachers find this skill challenging because of lack of training (Foote, Holtby, & Derwing, 2011), lack of experience (Burns, 2006), lack of knowledge (Baker & Murphy, 2011), and lack of confidence (Bernat, 2008).

This study investigated native and non-native English-speaking teachers’ (NEST and NNEST) cognitions – mainly knowledge –in relation to (1) pronunciation teaching and (2) pronunciation teaching materials. In addition, the study explored (3) how teachers used an online teacher’s manual (OTM) and (4) what kind of influences the OTM had on pronunciation teachers’ cognitions about and confidence in pronunciation teaching. Data of this study for the first two research questions came from the survey responses of 54 teachers (NEST=34; NNEST=20) and interview responses of 24 teachers (NEST=14; NNEST=10). Data for the third and fourth research questions came from the weekly journal responses and ...


Living The Creed: How Chapters Of Sigma Lambda Beta International Fraternity, Inc., Contribute To Civic Engagement, Manuel Del Real Jan 2017

Living The Creed: How Chapters Of Sigma Lambda Beta International Fraternity, Inc., Contribute To Civic Engagement, Manuel Del Real

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

National associations such as the Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U) and Campus Compact create initiatives that promote service-learning and campus based service programs to improve civic engagement in higher education; they often fail to include Greek-letter organizations, especially Latino Greek-letter organizations, as co-curricular service opportunities. The purpose of this exploratory case study of five chapters of Sigma Lambda Beta International Fraternity Inc. (SLB) in the Midwest region of the United States, was to provide an in-depth understanding of chapters’ service experiences and perceptions of benefits. In this qualitative study, a revised version of Yosso’s (2005) community cultural wealth served as a conceptual framework to illustrate how chapters of SLB contribute to service. Implications for higher education and ...


Indistinct Boundaries And Intersections: The Role Of Threshold Concepts And Disposition In Students With Early College Credit, Kathy Sanders Rose Jan 2017

Indistinct Boundaries And Intersections: The Role Of Threshold Concepts And Disposition In Students With Early College Credit, Kathy Sanders Rose

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study investigates knowledge transfer in college students

whose high school Advanced Placement (AP) or dual credit (DC) English courses

enabled them to opt out of the first level of composition at Iowa State University

(ISU). Although early college credit (ECC) students’ university writing

performances have been studied, writing transfer has not been adequately

studied in this population before. The influence of these students’ lived

experiences require more consideration from scholars because of the growing

number of students who enter advanced university classes by virtue of credits

earned in high school.

Thirteen students from a variety of backgrounds, majors ...


Parents Enrolled In Graduate Programs And Their Experiences With Faculty, Amber Lee Kreischer Jan 2017

Parents Enrolled In Graduate Programs And Their Experiences With Faculty, Amber Lee Kreischer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Parenthood and graduate school require significant investments of time and energy. Those who engage in both roles simultaneously are at risk for increased stress, feelings of guilt, and marginalization, which may impact their ability to succeed as parents and scholars. Faculty behaviors and faculty-student relationships are known to predict student academic and emotional outcomes, yet the influence of faculty on graduate student parents has been unexamined in the literature. Guided by role conflict and role enhancement theories, the current study explores graduate student parents’ experiences, with special attention to the ways in which faculty affect those experiences. Sixteen participants who ...


Faces In The Crowd: A Narrative Inquiry Into The Relationship Violence Experienced By Four Black College Women, Lorraine D. Acker Jan 2017

Faces In The Crowd: A Narrative Inquiry Into The Relationship Violence Experienced By Four Black College Women, Lorraine D. Acker

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Relationship violence among Black college women is becoming a serious concern. However, the face of relationship violence in higher education has been predominantly that of White women, which subsequently has excluded the voices of Black college women and other women of color. The rationale for this study came from my desire to uncover how Black college women make meaning of their experiences of relationship violence. Therefore, this narrative study explored (a) how four Black college women experienced relationship violence in college, (b) how they made meaning of their relationship violence experience in college, and (c) how they navigated campus resources ...


Transitions In The Design Process, Monica Lynn Amman Jan 2017

Transitions In The Design Process, Monica Lynn Amman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The proposed research uses empirical methods to investigate designers’ use of research

throughout the design process with an emphasis on research and idea generation. The goal is to explore the factors which impact the various phases of the design process. The early phase of the design process is often referred to as the “fuzzy front end” where many variables are still in play and the design direction is not completely agreed upon. This is also when the designer is conducting user research. The connection between the user research and the design solutions that designers move forward is critical. This connection ...


Predicting Student Persistence Of Community College Transfer Students To A Large, Urban, Transfer Destination Four-Year Institution, Megan M. Scherzberg Jan 2017

Predicting Student Persistence Of Community College Transfer Students To A Large, Urban, Transfer Destination Four-Year Institution, Megan M. Scherzberg

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate the predictors of community college transfer student success. Through exploring student demographics and background characteristics (e.g. race/ethnicity, gender, first-generation student status, socioeconomic status, number of transfer credit hours, attempted/completed credits), significant predictors of community college transfer student persistence and completion can be identified and further explored. Specifically, the study examines three goals: a) the demographic and student characteristics of community college transfer students that influence persistence and completion, b) evidence of transfer shock and its longitudinal effect on student persistence and completion, c) and the identification of equity gaps ...


Augmented Reality Reading Support In Higher Education: Exploring Effects On Perceived Motivation And Confidence In Comprehension For Struggling Readers In Higher Education, Laura Anne Huisinga Jan 2017

Augmented Reality Reading Support In Higher Education: Exploring Effects On Perceived Motivation And Confidence In Comprehension For Struggling Readers In Higher Education, Laura Anne Huisinga

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Technology has shown promise to aid struggling readers in higher education, particularly through new and emerging technologies. Augmented reality (AR) has been used successfully in the classroom to motivate and engage struggling learners, yet little research exists on how augmented print might help struggling readers. This study explores this gap, specifically art/design students in higher education and their perceived motivation to read, as well as their engagement with, and comprehension of an augmented design theory text. This study employed an exploratory, mixed methods design. Analysis of the findings indicates most students, including self-identified struggling and typical readers, would use ...


Teachers’ Beliefs And Classroom Practices Related To Students’ Heritage Language And Culture, Liuran Fan Jan 2017

Teachers’ Beliefs And Classroom Practices Related To Students’ Heritage Language And Culture, Liuran Fan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

During the 2013-2014 school year, approximately 5 million students in U.S. public schools (K-12) were heritage language speakers (HLSs), which represented almost 10% of total enrollment. The HLS population is expected to keep growing for the next decade (National Education Association, 2011). Teachers play a critical role in the learning and teaching process of students. Teachers’ beliefs and classroom practices toward children’s maintenance of heritage language and culture can have a powerful influence on HLSs’ beliefs and their performance. Researchers have found several factors can predict teachers’ beliefs about students’ heritage language maintenance, including teachers’ personal beliefs and ...


Mixed Methods Assessment Of Project-Based Learning In A Senior-Level Highway Design Course, Steven Kurtis Younkin Jan 2017

Mixed Methods Assessment Of Project-Based Learning In A Senior-Level Highway Design Course, Steven Kurtis Younkin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The lack of practical real-world applications in a classroom setting has been identified as one factor inhibiting student interest in STEM fields. Project-based learning (PBL) directly addresses this concern by providing an opportunity for students to complete an extensive, semester-long project that mirrors professional practice. In addition, PBL allows students an opportunity to refine related soft skills, such as technical writing and oral communication. This study involved the redevelopment of a senior-level highway design course using a PBL framework that largely reflects professional practice. A questionnaire survey was distributed to public and private road agencies in order to assess the ...


Determining Why Agricultural Educators Are Leaving The Profession And How To Increase The Retention Rate, Jay Solomonson Jan 2017

Determining Why Agricultural Educators Are Leaving The Profession And How To Increase The Retention Rate, Jay Solomonson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The field of agricultural education has experienced a consistent labor shortage the past several decades. Consequently, many school districts struggle to fill their open positions, while others are forced to shut down their agricultural programs completely due to inadequate staffing. Research indicates teacher attrition as a predominant factor behind the teacher shortage. The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to determine why agricultural educators are leaving the profession and identify potential action steps to alleviate the problem. Specific objectives included: (1) identify factors influencing current agricultural educators’ decision to leave or stay in the profession; (2) determine factors associated with ...


Using Map-Works To Explore Early Credit Enrollment In High School And The Impact On Students’ Academic Self-Efficacy And Academic Resiliency, Linda Jean Garbisch Svenson Jan 2017

Using Map-Works To Explore Early Credit Enrollment In High School And The Impact On Students’ Academic Self-Efficacy And Academic Resiliency, Linda Jean Garbisch Svenson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the last decade participation of high school students in dual enrollment throughout the United States has grown exponentially. Enrollment in early credit aids student preparedness and/or transition into the collegiate environment, and to prepare a student academically for the academic rigor in college. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between early credits earned by high school students who enrolled full-time and self-reported academic self-efficacy scores and academic resiliency scores during students’ first semester. Additionally, this study descriptively explored characteristics of the sample and the quantity of early credits completed by high school students who ...


Exploring International Student Adaptation Through A First-Year Experience Course At Iowa State University, James Dorsett Jan 2017

Exploring International Student Adaptation Through A First-Year Experience Course At Iowa State University, James Dorsett

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Although considerable research has been conducted on the adjustment of international students to U.S universities and culture, as well as research on first-experience courses, little research is available on the impacts of first-year experience courses on international student adjustment. This dissertation focuses on how a first-year experience course affected the student adaptation of new undergraduate international students enrolled at Iowa State University for Fall 2015.

Responses from 115 undergraduate international students in this first-year experience course (serving as the treatment group) were compared against 92 other new international students not enrolled in the course (the control group) using ...


The Influence Of College Readiness And Institutional Intervention Upon Intention To Persist Among Ged Credentialed Community College Students, David Carson Jan 2017

The Influence Of College Readiness And Institutional Intervention Upon Intention To Persist Among Ged Credentialed Community College Students, David Carson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study’s purpose is to examine how institutional intervention and college readiness impact GED (General Education Development) credentialed students’ intent to persist at community college. Specifically, the study examines a) differences in background information between students possessing GED credentials vs. traditional high school diploma regarding intent to persist at community college, b) factors influencing persistence, and c) possession of a GED credential’s impact upon intention to persist.

Three theories were foundation of this study’s conceptual framework including 1) Knowles’ (1984) andragogy, Ryan & Deci’s (2000) self-determination, and Ajzen’s (1991) planned behavior. The theory of andragogy informs ...


Engagement Experiences: Adult English Language Learner Students In Advanced Manufacturing At A Midwestern Community College, Ahmed Kwasi Onwona-Agyeman Jan 2017

Engagement Experiences: Adult English Language Learner Students In Advanced Manufacturing At A Midwestern Community College, Ahmed Kwasi Onwona-Agyeman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore and gain an in-depth understanding of the day-to-day lived engagement experiences of six adult ELL students enrolled in an advanced-manufacturing program at a midwestern community college. Specifically, this study collected the rich engagement stories andmeaning participants assignedto their stories and experiences. The essence of these experiences was solicited by asking two questions: (a) What are the perceived on-campus engagement experiences and social networks that support and promote success amongadult ELL students in advanced manufacturing and(b) Are there perceived engagement experience issues and barriers for adult ELL students? Two theories, Alexander ...


User Data Spectrum Theory: Collecting, Interpreting, And Implementing User Data In Organizations, Andrea J. Peer Jan 2017

User Data Spectrum Theory: Collecting, Interpreting, And Implementing User Data In Organizations, Andrea J. Peer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Organizations interested in increasing their user experience (UX) capacity lack the tools they need to know how to do so. This dissertation addresses this challenge via three major research efforts: 1) the creation of User Data Spectrum theory and a User Data Spectrum survey for helping organizations better invest resources to grow their UX capacity, 2) a new UX method and model for organizations that want to capitalize on spoken words from end users called Rapid Meaningful Scenarios (RMS), and 3) a recommendation for UX education in response to the current ACM SIGCHI education Living Curriculum initiative. The User Data ...


At The Intersection Of Space, Place, And Experience: An Ethnographic Case Study Of Affordances In Architectural Design 1, Melissa Leigh Rands Jan 2017

At The Intersection Of Space, Place, And Experience: An Ethnographic Case Study Of Affordances In Architectural Design 1, Melissa Leigh Rands

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This ethnographic case study explored the learning environment of a studio design course to describe how interactions in the studio environment shape students’ understandings and behaviors as they learn the fundamental elements of design and architectural practice. The purpose of the study was to understand the role of the studio environment in supporting students’ architectural knowledge and identity and provide insight into how individual-environment interactions shape how students make meaning of their learning experiences. I spent a semester as a participant-observer in a beginning architecture course at a large, public university, and gathered data through approximately 106 hours of studio ...


Applicability Of Online Education To Large Undergraduate Engineering Courses, Devayan Debashis Bir Jan 2017

Applicability Of Online Education To Large Undergraduate Engineering Courses, Devayan Debashis Bir

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With the increase in undergraduate engineering enrollment, many universities have chosen to teach introductory engineering courses such as Statics of Engineering and Mechanics of Materials in large classes due to budget limitations. With the overwhelming literature against traditionally taught large classes, this study aims to see the effects of the trending online pedagogy. Online courses are the latest trend in education due to the flexibility they provide to students in terms of schedule and pace of learning with the added advantage of being less expensive for the university over a period. In this research, the effects of online lectures on ...