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Teacher Attitude And Self-Efficacy Differences Regarding English Language Learners And Disabled Learners., Miriam Carballo Nov 2018

Teacher Attitude And Self-Efficacy Differences Regarding English Language Learners And Disabled Learners., Miriam Carballo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There has been little research combining both groups of students who were English Language Learners (ELLs) and Exceptional Student Education (ESE) students in relation to teacher attitudes and self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to compare teacher attitudes and self-efficacy related to instructing either ELLs with or without disabilities in elementary schools

Teachers from six elementary schools in the XYZ Excellence School District participated in a 52-item comprehensive survey. Two questionnaires and the demographic form were combined to create one comprehensive questionnaire totaling 52 questions for the purposes of this study. Teachers were solicited to participate in the study ...


Resisting Essentialism In Cultural Research: A Participatory Action Research Study Of Parent Involvement In Education Among Spanish-Speaking Students And Families, Michael J. Frank Jul 2018

Resisting Essentialism In Cultural Research: A Participatory Action Research Study Of Parent Involvement In Education Among Spanish-Speaking Students And Families, Michael J. Frank

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The present study aimed to investigate a locally-driven action research project to improve connections between Spanish-speaking Latinx parents and the high school that their children attend. Using Participatory Action Research (PAR), the study sought to create a collaborative research agenda that would empower the participants to study their own culture and practices at the school, and how the two combined to create a home-school partnership. Six parents and two members of the school’s bilingual staff comprised the PAR team, with a total of nine members including the principal investigator. The project began with the creation of a public sphere ...


Intersecting Stories: Cultural Reflexivity, Digital Storytelling, And Personal Narratives In Language Teacher Education, Julie Vivienne Dell-Jones Apr 2018

Intersecting Stories: Cultural Reflexivity, Digital Storytelling, And Personal Narratives In Language Teacher Education, Julie Vivienne Dell-Jones

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This narrative inquiry dissertation explores stories from three students over a two-year trajectory as they develop into language educators in diverse contexts. The study begins in a teacher education course focused on technology for language teaching in English as a second language (ESOL) and foreign language education (FLE) classrooms. As instructor, I implemented a digital storytelling (DS) project with the pedagogical goal of supporting the much-needed practice of reflexivity, and specifically, reflexivity of intercultural competence (IC) and culturally-responsive pedagogy (CRP). The DS, as an autoethnographic multimodal narrative activity, provided a creative outlet for undergraduate and master’s level students to ...


Critical Race Theoretical Composition Pedagogy And Its Effects, Paula Fender Jan 2018

Critical Race Theoretical Composition Pedagogy And Its Effects, Paula Fender

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research study explores the composing practices of several first-year composition students in two English 250 classes offered at Iowa State University. The study examines and analyzes intercultural awareness students have regarding race, diversity, and life, their own and others’. Using the inductive analysis research design, the research establishes a baseline perspective of students as they perceive themselves or not perceive themselves as “raced bodies.” Additionally, the baseline informs concurrent and emerging themes that students portray when exploring their own self-authorship and their persistent beliefs about how race and culture are or are not significant to composition studies. The relevance ...


The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay Jan 2018

The Effect Of Delivery Mode On L2 Students' Listening Comprehension Skills: Context Versus Animated Videos, Leyla Karatay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effect of different delivery modes on L2 students’ listening

comprehension. A mixed-methods explanatory research design was used to identify whether

animated videos or context videos facilitated better listening comprehension. Fifty-seven ESL undergraduate/graduate students were recruited from an academic speaking and pronunciation course offered at Iowa State University. The effectiveness of the delivery modes was assessed by the participant’s ability to orally summarize the videos. Two trained raters were recruited to rate participants’ audio-recorded summaries. A one-way ANOVA was used to test for a significant difference between mean scores of the two groups. Also, students ...


La Trenza De Las Fronterizas: The Cultural Worlds First-Generation Women Navigate To Access College, Katherine Cameron Seifert Jan 2018

La Trenza De Las Fronterizas: The Cultural Worlds First-Generation Women Navigate To Access College, Katherine Cameron Seifert

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

First generation female students of color face challenges in accessing and navigating the college-going realm. Scholars write about this population, but their tone is often deficit-based, focusing on these students’, families’, and communities’ shortcomings rather than highlighting their resilience and adept abilities at transitioning between different cultural worlds. Using Holland’s (1998) theory of cultural worlds, and employing portraiture methodology, tools of feminist research, and narrative ethnography, this intimate micro-study examines the college-going world that young women of minoritized identities navigates. It asks: (a) What are the identities, relationships, and resources that construe their participation in this world? (b) What ...


A Portrait In Black And White: An Analysis Of Race In The Adult Education Classroom, Tealia N. Deberry Jul 2017

A Portrait In Black And White: An Analysis Of Race In The Adult Education Classroom, Tealia N. Deberry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Adult education is a reciprocal relationship between adult learners and adult education practitioners. As such, it is essential to understand the experiences of adult educators and adult education practitioners as they teach adults. This study focuses on how ideas about race and racism are examined in the graduate-level classroom and the adult learners’ experience as they focus on subject matter that challenges their assumptions and forces them to create new understandings about race. This study examines, through the portraiture methodology, the experiences of a White researcher and the adult learners engaging in dialogues about race in a CRT course.

The ...


Latino Mothers’ Responsiveness And Bilingual Language Development In Young Children From 24 Months To 36 Months, Rica Ramirez Jul 2017

Latino Mothers’ Responsiveness And Bilingual Language Development In Young Children From 24 Months To 36 Months, Rica Ramirez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This longitudinal study examined the role maternal responsiveness had on shaping Spanish and English language development in bilingual two year-old children. Because children who are bilingual language learners are oftentimes coming from low socioeconomic families it is essential that we investigate the ways in which they develop language in order to better serve this population. Maternal responsiveness is one source in which we can examine early language development of young bilingual children. Eight Latino mother-child dyads were observed and assessed at three time points. Each observation was coded for maternal responsive behaviors. Regression and multilevel modeling was used in order ...


Benchmarks Of Equality? School-Wide Positive Behavior Interventions And Supports And School Discipline Risk And Disparities For Black And Hispanic Students, Christopher M. Barclay Jul 2017

Benchmarks Of Equality? School-Wide Positive Behavior Interventions And Supports And School Discipline Risk And Disparities For Black And Hispanic Students, Christopher M. Barclay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In U.S. schools, Black and Hispanic youth receive discipline in the form of office discipline referrals and out-of-school suspensions at a rate greater than their White peers. Contributing factors to this “discipline gap” may be found across a number of ecological variables. Therefore, multifaceted and systemic interventions such as school-wide positive behavior interventions and supports (SWPBIS) should be evaluated for their effectiveness in producing more equitable school discipline rates. In light of mixed evidence for the relationship of SWPBIS with discipline equity, the purpose of this study was to examine the merits of five critical elements of SWPBIS for ...


Predictors Of Behavior Problems In The Context Of Peer Play Interactions: A Sample Of Low-Income Latino Preschoolers, Olivia Hernandez Gonzalez Jun 2017

Predictors Of Behavior Problems In The Context Of Peer Play Interactions: A Sample Of Low-Income Latino Preschoolers, Olivia Hernandez Gonzalez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Latinos are the fastest-growing minority group in the United States and have higher dropout rates compared to other groups. Moreover, problem behaviors are common in preschool classrooms, and the incidence of these problems is higher for children from low-income families. The purpose of this study was to understand Latino children's problem behaviors in the context of peer play interactions and identify those variables that influence such behavior. 265 five and six-year-old Spanish-speaking children (53.6% female) attending Head Start or kindergarten participated in the study. Additionally, 198 mothers and 78 pre-kindergarten and kindergarten lead teachers participated in the study ...


Teachers’ Beliefs And Classroom Practices Related To Students’ Heritage Language And Culture, Liuran Fan Jan 2017

Teachers’ Beliefs And Classroom Practices Related To Students’ Heritage Language And Culture, Liuran Fan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

During the 2013-2014 school year, approximately 5 million students in U.S. public schools (K-12) were heritage language speakers (HLSs), which represented almost 10% of total enrollment. The HLS population is expected to keep growing for the next decade (National Education Association, 2011). Teachers play a critical role in the learning and teaching process of students. Teachers’ beliefs and classroom practices toward children’s maintenance of heritage language and culture can have a powerful influence on HLSs’ beliefs and their performance. Researchers have found several factors can predict teachers’ beliefs about students’ heritage language maintenance, including teachers’ personal beliefs and ...


L2 Learners’ Perceptions And Preferences Of Automated Corrective Feedback, Nawaf Alsallami Jan 2017

L2 Learners’ Perceptions And Preferences Of Automated Corrective Feedback, Nawaf Alsallami

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Form-focused automated Corrective Feedback (CF) is widely used in general-purpose and specialized writing software and research indicates a positive effect for automated CF on second language (L2) learning (AbuSeileek, 2013; AbuSeileek & Abualsha’r, 2014). As any educational practice, preferences and perceptions of learners are expected to influence how automated CF is used by L2 learners (Amrhein & Nassaji, 2010; Brown, 2009; Schulz, 2001). However, preferences and perceptions of automated CF are poorly understood due to paucity of relevant research. This study contributes to this line of investigation by exploring three pertinent topics. First, it explores L2 learners’ preferences and perceptions of automated CF and four different CF strategies: identification, direct correction, metalinguistic CF, and graduated CF. Second, it examines learners’ preferences between different CF timings and frequency choices ...


Vowel Variations Among Speakers Of Malaysian English, Sock Wun Phng Jan 2017

Vowel Variations Among Speakers Of Malaysian English, Sock Wun Phng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The language policies in Malaysia, having been controlled by the ethnic Malays ever since Independence Day in 1957, have hence dictated which language influences each major ethnic group is exposed to. With the official language as well as the language of instruction in public schools being Malay, ethnic Malays who speak it as a first language (L1) are typically monolingual speakers of Malay. The ethnic Chinese and Indians who usually speak Mandarin or Tamil as an L1 respectively are typically bilingual or trilingual. These different language influences might play a role in how speakers of each ethnic group produce Malaysian ...


Creation And Evaluation Of Multimedia Materials To Promote Development Of Current And Prospective International Students’ Pragmatic Competence In Academic Settings, Ananda Astrini Muhammad Jan 2017

Creation And Evaluation Of Multimedia Materials To Promote Development Of Current And Prospective International Students’ Pragmatic Competence In Academic Settings, Ananda Astrini Muhammad

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Literature on communicative language ability has identified pragmatic competence as a crucial aspect of second language (L2) communicative language ability. However, current literature has employed varied definitions of pragmatic competence, and little effort has been made to synthesize pragmatics studies in order to come up with a comprehensive list of components that comprise pragmatic competence. This effort was recently undertaken by Laughlin, Wain, and Schmidgall (2015), who conducted a systematic literature review of many different models, principles, and theories of pragmatics. The result was a construct of pragmatic competence which included five components, namely sociocultural knowledge, pragmatic-functional knowledge, grammatical knowledge ...


The Influence Of An Online Pronunciation Teacher’S Manual On Teachers’ Cognitions, Sinem Sonsaat Jan 2017

The Influence Of An Online Pronunciation Teacher’S Manual On Teachers’ Cognitions, Sinem Sonsaat

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite their importance, teacher’s manuals (TM) have never drawn much attention in language teaching research, and therefore they have not been researched from the perspective of pronunciation teaching. It may be that they have not been perceived as having a role more than being an answer key for student materials (Sheldon, 1987). However, TMs deserve attention since curriculum materials - including TMs - have a positive impact on teachers’ learning and professional development (Grossman & Thompson, 2008). TMs may especially be crucial in supporting teachers in pronunciation teaching since many teachers find this skill challenging because of lack of training (Foote, Holtby, & Derwing, 2011), lack of experience (Burns, 2006), lack of knowledge (Baker & Murphy, 2011), and lack of confidence (Bernat, 2008).

This study investigated native and non-native English-speaking teachers’ (NEST and NNEST) cognitions – mainly knowledge –in relation to (1) pronunciation teaching and (2) pronunciation teaching materials. In addition, the study explored (3) how teachers used an online teacher’s manual (OTM) and (4) what kind of influences the OTM had on pronunciation teachers’ cognitions about and confidence in pronunciation teaching. Data of this study for the first two research questions came from the survey responses of 54 teachers (NEST=34; NNEST=20) and interview responses of 24 teachers (NEST=14; NNEST=10). Data for the third and fourth research questions came from the weekly journal responses and ...


Modes Of Feedback In Esl Writing: Implications Of Shifting From Text To Screencast, Kelly J. Cunningham Jan 2017

Modes Of Feedback In Esl Writing: Implications Of Shifting From Text To Screencast, Kelly J. Cunningham

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

For second language writing (SLW) instructors, decisions regarding technology-mediated feedback are particularly complex as they must also navigate student language proficiency, which may vary across different areas such as reading or listening. Yet technology-mediated feedback remains an underexplored realm in SLW especially with regard to how modes of technology affect feedback and how students interact with and understand it. With the expanding pervasiveness of video and increased access to screencasting (screen recording), SLW instructors have ever-growing access to video modes for feedback, yet little research to inform their choices. Further, with video potentially requiring substantial investment from institutions through hosting ...


Spanish Listening Comprehension Test Development Project: Considering Learner L2 Listening Comprehension In The Course Placement Equation, Jennifer Elise Musgrove Jan 2017

Spanish Listening Comprehension Test Development Project: Considering Learner L2 Listening Comprehension In The Course Placement Equation, Jennifer Elise Musgrove

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Second language (L2) placement exams utilized towards course placement decisions at higher-level educational institutions are considered “high-stakes” relative to the impact that the assessment outcome has on the individual student level as well consequences at the institutional level. Therefore, providing reliable second language assessments that effectively determine L2 learner language proficiency can lower course placement error issues. I argue that assessing a learner’s L2 listening comprehension is an integral part of the learner’s L2 experience within the Target Language Use (TLU) and that it could improve course placement accuracy. Furthermore, I argue for a listening construct that includes ...


Peer Response In L1 Writing: Impact On Revisions And Student Perceptions, Altay Ozkul Jan 2017

Peer Response In L1 Writing: Impact On Revisions And Student Perceptions, Altay Ozkul

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Peer response is a strategy frequently used for improving the quality of students’ writing both in L1 and L2 writing context (Paulus, 1999; Baker, 2016). Studies has investigated how peer response impacts students’ writing influence of peer response on revisions in student writing in ESL context (e.g. Paulus, 1999; Min, 2006; Ting & Qian, 2010; Baker, 2016). However, most of the literature focuses on how peer-response influences student revisions in second-language learning context (Baker, 2016). This study addressed the gap in the literature by analyzing student revisions after peer-response in a writing classroom adopting multiple-draft approach in L1 writing context. The study ...


Engagement Experiences: Adult English Language Learner Students In Advanced Manufacturing At A Midwestern Community College, Ahmed Kwasi Onwona-Agyeman Jan 2017

Engagement Experiences: Adult English Language Learner Students In Advanced Manufacturing At A Midwestern Community College, Ahmed Kwasi Onwona-Agyeman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore and gain an in-depth understanding of the day-to-day lived engagement experiences of six adult ELL students enrolled in an advanced-manufacturing program at a midwestern community college. Specifically, this study collected the rich engagement stories andmeaning participants assignedto their stories and experiences. The essence of these experiences was solicited by asking two questions: (a) What are the perceived on-campus engagement experiences and social networks that support and promote success amongadult ELL students in advanced manufacturing and(b) Are there perceived engagement experience issues and barriers for adult ELL students? Two theories, Alexander ...


A Computer-Adaptive Test Of Productive And Contextualized Academic Vocabulary Breadth In English (Cat-Pav): Development And Validation, Victor Dias De Oliveira Santos Jan 2017

A Computer-Adaptive Test Of Productive And Contextualized Academic Vocabulary Breadth In English (Cat-Pav): Development And Validation, Victor Dias De Oliveira Santos

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation study aimed, first and foremost, to address the current scarcity of assessments of productive and contextualized academic vocabulary in English, and thus contribute to the Applied Linguistics and Language Assessment field, by developing what seems to be the first IRT-based computer-adaptive test of productive and contextualized breadth of academic vocabulary in English (henceforth, CAT-PAV), which will be made freely available online to any researchers, ESL instructors, or other interested parties who believe the test can potentially be useful for their specific scenarios. A second aim of the present study was to validate the interpretation of scores from the ...


The Impact Of Diversity On Student Engagement And Academic Success, Latosha C. Thomas Apr 2016

The Impact Of Diversity On Student Engagement And Academic Success, Latosha C. Thomas

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this study is to examine the impact of diversity on student engagement and academic success within a university setting. Understanding the impact of diversity at postsecondary institutions is important because the population of the United States is becoming increasingly diverse, a trend that is also reflected in educational institutions. Previous research has largely focused on diversity among the study body (i.e. admissions) and in the classroom (i.e. curriculum). However, the current study focuses on student experiences with diversity outside of the classroom. Student interactions with peers from diverse backgrounds were measured using the Experiences With ...


Global Leadership Competencies In Selected Adult Education Graduate Programs From The United States And Western Europe, Arthur Ray Mccrory Mar 2016

Global Leadership Competencies In Selected Adult Education Graduate Programs From The United States And Western Europe, Arthur Ray Mccrory

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Researchers in the field of global leadership have reported a growing need for leaders able to perform from a global perspective, and the lack of qualified leadership candidates to fulfill these responsibilities. Adult education graduate programs represent a unique pool of aspirants to help fill this gap. In 2008, the Commission of Professors of Adult Education (CPAE) published Standards for Graduate Programs in Adult Education. Two of these standards addressed the incorporation of globalization and leadership studies into the planning, administration, and evaluation of adult education graduate programs. This study sought to explore the connection between the phenomenon of global ...


Predictive Modeling Of Human Placement Decisions In An English Writing Placement Test, Ngan Hoa Vu Jan 2016

Predictive Modeling Of Human Placement Decisions In An English Writing Placement Test, Ngan Hoa Vu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Writing is an important component in standardized tests that are utilized for admission decisions, class placement, and academic or professional development. Placement results of the EPT Writing Test at the undergraduate level are used to determine whether international students meet English requirements for writing skills (i.e., Pass); and to direct students to appropriate ESL writing classes (i.e., 101B or 101C). Practical constraints during evaluation processes in the English Writing Placement Test (the EPT Writing Test) at Iowa State University, such as rater disagreement, rater turnover, and heavy administrative workload, have demonstrated the necessity to develop valid scoring models ...


Integration Of A Web-Based Rating System With An Oral Proficiency Interview Test: Argument-Based Approach To Validation, Hye Jin Yang Jan 2016

Integration Of A Web-Based Rating System With An Oral Proficiency Interview Test: Argument-Based Approach To Validation, Hye Jin Yang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the validation of the Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI), a component of the Oral English Certification Test for international teaching assistants. The rating of oral responses was implemented through an innovative computer technology—a web-based rating system called Rater-Platform (R-Plat). The main purpose of the dissertation was to investigate the validity of interpretations and uses of the OPI scores derived from raters’ assessment of examinees’ performance during the web-based rating process. Following the argument-based validation approach (Kane, 2006), an interpretive argument for the OPI was constructed. The interpretive argument specifies a series of inferences, warrants for each ...


Not All Word Stress Errors Are Created Equal: Validating An English Word Stress Error Gravity Hierarchy, Monica Grace Richards Jan 2016

Not All Word Stress Errors Are Created Equal: Validating An English Word Stress Error Gravity Hierarchy, Monica Grace Richards

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Spoken language has no spaces between its words. Therefore, one of the major tasks facing listeners of any language is determining from the largely continuous stream of speech where the invisible word boundaries lie. Although English is not a language where the position of a word's stressed syllable is reliably fixed, its lexical stress is nevertheless fixed enough that L1 English listeners initially apply the heuristic that strong syllables mark the first syllable of a new word, attempting alternative resegmentations only when this heuristic fails to identify a viable word string (Cutler & Butterfield, 1992; Cutler & Carter, 1987). Thus, English word stress errors can severely disrupt listener processing. This study uses auditory lexical decision and delayed word identification tasks to test a hypothesized English Word Stress Error Gravity Hierarchy synthesizing previous research that has identified vowel quality (Bond, 1979, 1999; Bond & Small, 1983; Cutler, 2012, 2015) and direction ...


The Giver As Content-Based Reading Instruction: Student Beliefs About Using Literature For Esl, Hannah Vaughn Bingham Brunner Jan 2016

The Giver As Content-Based Reading Instruction: Student Beliefs About Using Literature For Esl, Hannah Vaughn Bingham Brunner

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Although many instructors claim that literature and literary fiction are beneficial to ESL learners, little research exists to support these claims. Using literature in the language classroom through Content-Based Language Teaching (Mohan, 1971) offers a methods-based framework, but still lacks a linguistic backing to support its use in the EFL or ESL classroom. This study seeks to fill this research gap by integrating Mohan’s (1986) Knowledge Framework (KF) with his theories of CBLT in order to provide theory-driven research to the use of literature in the language classroom.

By using a single case metrology, this study aims to document ...


A Teacher Development Program On Call Materials Evaluation: Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Technology, Corry Caromawati Jan 2016

A Teacher Development Program On Call Materials Evaluation: Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes Toward Technology, Corry Caromawati

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Teacher Development Programs (TDPs) in Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) aim to develop teachers' knowledge as well as positive attitudes toward technology. Previous studies (Liu & Kelinsasser, 2015; Tai, 2015, 2013; Rienities, Brouwer, & Lygo-Baker, 2013; Wong & Benson, 2006; Chao, 2006; Hegelheimer, 2006; Yildirim, 2000) show that teachers develop their CALL technical pedagogical knowledge through participation in CALL TDPs. In addition to the development of their knowledge, teachers also increase their positive attitudes toward technology after CALL TDPs as revealed in previous studies such as Tai (2013); Kessler (2007); Hegelheimer (2006); Meskill, Anthony, Hilliker-VanStrander, Tseng, and You (2006), and Yildirim (2000). Regarding teachers' CALL knowledge, it is believed that ...


Developing And Evaluating A Pattern Grammar Inspired Call Tool: Pat Gram, Hong Ma Jan 2016

Developing And Evaluating A Pattern Grammar Inspired Call Tool: Pat Gram, Hong Ma

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation project developed and evaluated a computer-assisted language learning (CALL) tool, PAT GRAM, that provides explicit instruction on grammar patterns. Evaluation of the explicit instruction offered by PAT GRAM adopted Chapelle’s (2001) framework of criteria for CALL task appropriateness. Following this framework, evidence was collected to investigate language learning potential, learner fit, meaning focus, and impact qualities of the explicit instruction realized through PAT GRAM.

To provide evidence for these qualities, this study employed a case study research design including qualitative and quantitative data. The qualitative data encompassed participants’responses to semi-structured interviews and retrospective verbal protocols focusing ...


Transfer From Esl Academic Writing To First Year Composition And Other Disciplinary Courses: An Assessment Perspective, Jooyoung Lee Jan 2016

Transfer From Esl Academic Writing To First Year Composition And Other Disciplinary Courses: An Assessment Perspective, Jooyoung Lee

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many American universities offer ESL academic writing courses to help international students prepare for written communication in other university courses. This study investigated the connections and/or disconnections across an ESL writing course, a first-year composition course, and content courses at Iowa State University from the perspective of writing assessment. As a longitudinal mixed-methods study, data were collected over one academic year from 108 international students, 14 instructors of an ESL writing course, 18 instructors of a first-year composition course, and four instructors of content courses. Quantitative data included grades on written assignments and survey responses, while qualitative data consisted ...


Unpacking The Discipline Gap: Referral Categories And School-Wide Positive Behavior Interventions And Supports, Christopher Michael Barclay Oct 2015

Unpacking The Discipline Gap: Referral Categories And School-Wide Positive Behavior Interventions And Supports, Christopher Michael Barclay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite decades of efforts to racially integrate schools and the recent accountability movement, U.S. students’ access to equitable education remains elusive. Research demonstrates that discipline procedures disproportionately remove racial minority students from the classroom, creating a “discipline gap.” Racial disparities in discrete disciplinary infraction types (e.g., disruption, aggression) have shown nuanced patterns across groups and school levels. Moreover, the relationship between school-wide positive behavior interventions and supports (SWPBIS) – a framework for promoting positive behavior and preventing conflict – and the discipline gap is unclear. This investigation explored racial/ethnic disparities per infraction type (e.g. disruption, verbal abuse) and ...