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Full-Text Articles in Education

Crossing Boundaries: Rethinking The Ways That First-In-Family Students Navigate 'Barriers' To Higher Education, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea Jan 2020

Crossing Boundaries: Rethinking The Ways That First-In-Family Students Navigate 'Barriers' To Higher Education, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This article explores how one cohort of first-in-family students narrated their movement into and through university, proposed as a form of boundary crossing. These metaphors emerged from the stories that students told about their persistence, with references ranging from institutional or organisational boundaries through to those imposed by self and others. Applying the sensitizing lens of boundary crossing, an analysis is provided of how learners navigated their transition into university and the types of persistence behaviours adopted. The focus is on those who traversed these boundaries, considering the nature of incursions and the ways these were negotiated within students' everyday …


Better Health Choices: Feasability And Preliminary Effectiveness Of A Peer Delivered Healthy Lifestyle Intervention In A Community Mental Health Setting, Peter James Kelly, Amanda Baker, Naomi Fagan, Alyna Turner, Frank P. Deane, Rebecca Mcketin, Robin Callister, Clare Collins, Isabella Ingram, Keren Wolstencroft, Camilla Townsend, Briony Osborne, Adam Zimmermann Jan 2020

Better Health Choices: Feasability And Preliminary Effectiveness Of A Peer Delivered Healthy Lifestyle Intervention In A Community Mental Health Setting, Peter James Kelly, Amanda Baker, Naomi Fagan, Alyna Turner, Frank P. Deane, Rebecca Mcketin, Robin Callister, Clare Collins, Isabella Ingram, Keren Wolstencroft, Camilla Townsend, Briony Osborne, Adam Zimmermann

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019 Elsevier Ltd Background: To reduce smoking and improve other health behaviours of people living with severe mental illness, healthy lifestyle interventions have been recommended. One approach to improving the availability of these types of interventions is to utilise the mental health peer workforce. The current study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of peer-workers facilitating a telephone delivered healthy lifestyle intervention within community based mental health settings. The study also examined preliminary outcomes of the intervention. Methods: The study was conducted as a randomised controlled feasibility trial. In addition to treatment as usual, participants randomised to the Treatment Condition were …


Concurrent Validity Of The Actigraph Gt3x+ And Activpal For Assessing Sedentary Behaviour In 2-3-Year-Old Children Under Free-Living Conditions, Joao Rafael Rodrigues Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sa, Zhiguang Zhang, Dylan P. Cliff, Rute Santos Jan 2020

Concurrent Validity Of The Actigraph Gt3x+ And Activpal For Assessing Sedentary Behaviour In 2-3-Year-Old Children Under Free-Living Conditions, Joao Rafael Rodrigues Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sa, Zhiguang Zhang, Dylan P. Cliff, Rute Santos

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objectives

ActiGraph accelerometer cut-points are commonly used to classify sedentary behaviour (SB) in young children. However, they vary from 5counts/5 s to 301counts/15 s, resulting in different estimates and inconsistent findings. The aim was to examine the concurrent validity of ActiGraph GT3X + cut-points against the activPAL for measuring SB in 2–3-year-olds during free-living conditions.

Design

Observational validation-study.

Methods

Sixty children were fitted with the activPAL and ActiGraph simultaneously for at least 2 h. Nine ActiGraph cut-points ranging from 60 to 1488 counts per minute were used to derive SB. Bland & Altman plots and equivalent tests were performed to …


Risk Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation And Suicide Attempts In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The 2014 Bhutan Steps Survey Data, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Tandin Dorji, Sonam Phuntsho Jan 2020

Risk Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation And Suicide Attempts In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The 2014 Bhutan Steps Survey Data, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Tandin Dorji, Sonam Phuntsho

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Suicide is a major public health problem globally. Data on the factors influencing suicidal behaviours that can inform prevention policies are limited in Bhutan. This study used the dataset of the nationally-representative Bhutan STEPS Survey conducted in 2014 that assessed the non-communicable disease risk factors. Using a backward elimination approach, multiple logistic regression analysis accounting for the complex survey design was performed to identify the factors associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in adults separately. The prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt was 3.1% and 0.7%, respectively. We found female gender, being unemployed, low and middle household income …


Social Value And Its Impact Through Widening Participation: A Review Of Four Programs Working With Primary, Secondary & Higher Education Students, Jioji Ravulo, Shannon Said, Jim Micsko, Gayl Purchase Jan 2020

Social Value And Its Impact Through Widening Participation: A Review Of Four Programs Working With Primary, Secondary & Higher Education Students, Jioji Ravulo, Shannon Said, Jim Micsko, Gayl Purchase

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In 2017 the Office of Widening Participation conducted a program- wide analysis of the Social Return On Investment (SROI) to evaluate the impact of four Widening Participation programs at Western Sydney University (WSU). The programs evaluated were Fast Forward, Strive Towards Educational Participation and Success (STEPS), First Foot Forward, and Pasifika Achievement To Higher Education (PATHE). The overlapping aim amongst the four programs is to increase higher education participation rates, particularly for students coming from low socio-economic backgrounds. The SROI framework provided a holistic analysis by intertwining qualitative and quantitative data. The analysis showed that each program-albeit with differences-produced a …


"A Big Influence On My Teaching Career And My Life": A Longitudinal Study Of Learning To Teach English Pronunciation, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker Jan 2020

"A Big Influence On My Teaching Career And My Life": A Longitudinal Study Of Learning To Teach English Pronunciation, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Inquiry into learning to teach pronunciation is a growing area within the second language teacher education research paradigm. To what extent this learning process extends into instructors' early years of teaching pronunciation has yet to be explored. This article is a response to this need by exploring the 3.5-year trajectory of five teachers learning to teach English pronunciation. The study was conducted in two phases. In Phase 1, pre- and post-course questionnaires, weekly observations of the lectures, focus groups interviews, final post-course interviews, and the participants' final assessment task were triangulated to examine the development of participants' cognitions during a …


International Federation Of Clinical Neurophysiology (Ifcn) - Eeg Research Workgroup: Recommendations On Frequency And Topographic Analysis Of Resting State Eeg Rhythms. Part 1: Applications In Clinical Research Studies, Claudio Babiloni, Robert J. Barry, Erol Basar, Katarzyna Blinowska, Andrzej Cichocki, Wilhelmus Drinkenburg, Wolfgang Klimesch, Robert T. Knight, Fernando Lopes Da Silva, Paul Nunez, Robert Oostenveld, Jaeseung Jeong, Roberto Pascual-Marqui, P Valdes-Sosa, Mark Hallett Jan 2020

International Federation Of Clinical Neurophysiology (Ifcn) - Eeg Research Workgroup: Recommendations On Frequency And Topographic Analysis Of Resting State Eeg Rhythms. Part 1: Applications In Clinical Research Studies, Claudio Babiloni, Robert J. Barry, Erol Basar, Katarzyna Blinowska, Andrzej Cichocki, Wilhelmus Drinkenburg, Wolfgang Klimesch, Robert T. Knight, Fernando Lopes Da Silva, Paul Nunez, Robert Oostenveld, Jaeseung Jeong, Roberto Pascual-Marqui, P Valdes-Sosa, Mark Hallett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology In 1999, the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) published "IFCN Guidelines for topographic and frequency analysis of EEGs and EPs" (Nuwer et al., 1999). Here a Workgroup of IFCN experts presents unanimous recommendations on the following procedures relevant for the topographic and frequency analysis of resting state EEGs (rsEEGs) in clinical research defined as neurophysiological experimental studies carried out in neurological and psychiatric patients: (1) recording of rsEEGs (environmental conditions and instructions to participants; montage of the EEG electrodes; recording settings); (2) digital storage of rsEEG and control data; (3) computerized visualization of …


A Systematic Review Of Parent And Caregiver Mental Health Literacy, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian Swann, Mark S. Allen, Helen L. Ferguson, Stewart A. Vella Jan 2020

A Systematic Review Of Parent And Caregiver Mental Health Literacy, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian Swann, Mark S. Allen, Helen L. Ferguson, Stewart A. Vella

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. This study aimed to systematically review the current body of research on parent and caregiver mental health literacy. Electronic databases were searched in January 2018 with 21 studies meeting inclusion criteria. A narrative synthesis of quantitative and qualitative studies was conducted. Findings across studies suggest that parents and caregivers had limited mental health knowledge. Factors associated with help-seeking included cultural and religious beliefs, financial and knowledge barriers, fear and mistrust of treatment services, and stigma. Notable limitations include non-representative samples, cross-sectional research designs, and use of inconsistent and non-validated study measures. …


Social Anhedonia And Social Functioning: Loneliness As A Mediator, Melody Tan, Amy Shallis, Emma Barkus Jan 2020

Social Anhedonia And Social Functioning: Loneliness As A Mediator, Melody Tan, Amy Shallis, Emma Barkus

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020 The Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd Social anhedonia is associated with reduced social functioning and diminished reward from social interactions. Individuals expressing social anhedonia are likely to experience reduced social connectedness and feel lonely. Loneliness is also associated with reduced social functioning. Therefore, loneliness could account for the relationship between social anhedonia and social functioning. We aimed to determine whether loneliness mediates the relationship between social anhedonia and reduced social functioning. In total, 824 young adults (M age = 21.03, SD = 5.59; 72.3% female) completed the Revised-Social Anhedonia Scale …


Normal Variations In Personality Predict Eating Behavior, Oral Health, And Partial Syndrome Bulimia Nervosa In Adolescent Girls, Mark S. Allen, Davina A. Robson, Sylvain Laborde Jan 2020

Normal Variations In Personality Predict Eating Behavior, Oral Health, And Partial Syndrome Bulimia Nervosa In Adolescent Girls, Mark S. Allen, Davina A. Robson, Sylvain Laborde

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020 The Authors. Food Science & Nutrition published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Eating disorders are among the most prevalent disorders in adolescence and can have negative consequences including poor quality of life, medical complications, and even death. This study addresses whether normal variations in personality relate to eating behavior and eating disorder symptomatology in adolescent girls. Participants were a near-representative sample of Australian adolescent girls (n = 1,676). Three personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness) were assessed at age 12 and again at age 14, and self-reported eating and weight management behaviors were assessed at age 14. After controlling for …


A Crisis Of Underinsurance Threatens To Scar Rural Australia Permanently, Chloe Lucas, Christine Eriksen, David M. J. S Bowman Jan 2020

A Crisis Of Underinsurance Threatens To Scar Rural Australia Permanently, Chloe Lucas, Christine Eriksen, David M. J. S Bowman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Australia is in the midst of a bushfire crisis that will affect local communities for years, if not permanently, due to a national crisis of underinsurance. Already more than 1,500 homes have been destroyed - with months still to go in the bushfire season. Compare this to 2009, when Victoria's "Black Saturday" fires claimed more than 2,000 homes in February, or 1983, when the "Ash Wednesday" fires destroyed about 2,400 homes in Victoria and South Australia, also in February. The 2020 fire season could end up surpassing these tragedies, despite the lessons learned and improvements in preparedness. One lesson not …


Strength From Perpetual Grief: How Aboriginal People Experience The Bushfire Crisis, Bhiamie Williamson, Jessica Weir, Vanessa I. Cavanagh Jan 2020

Strength From Perpetual Grief: How Aboriginal People Experience The Bushfire Crisis, Bhiamie Williamson, Jessica Weir, Vanessa I. Cavanagh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

How do you support people forever attached to a landscape after an inferno tears through their homelands: decimating native food sources, burning through ancient scarred trees and destroying ancestral and totemic plants and animals? The fact is, the experience of Aboriginal peoples in the fire crisis engulfing much of Australia is vastly different to non-Indigenous peoples. Colonial legacies of eradication, dispossession, assimilation and racism continue to impact the lived realities of Aboriginal peoples. Added to this is the widespread exclusion of our peoples from accessing and managing traditional homelands. These factors compound the trauma of these unprecedented fires. As Australia …


Measurement Of Spelling Ability: Construction And Validation Of A Phonological, Orthographic And Morphological Pseudo-Word Instrument For Students In Grades 3-6, Tessa Daffern, Ajay Ramful Jan 2020

Measurement Of Spelling Ability: Construction And Validation Of A Phonological, Orthographic And Morphological Pseudo-Word Instrument For Students In Grades 3-6, Tessa Daffern, Ajay Ramful

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Building on current theoretical understandings of how children learn to spell, this paper reports the design and validation of a new pseudo-word dictation test (labelled the Components of Spelling Test: Pseudo-word version) to measure three spelling components underpinning Standard English: phonology, orthography and morphology. For the first phase of the study, the instrument was tested on a calibration sample of 381 students from Grades 3 to 6, aged between 8 and 12 years. Two versions of the test were recursively developed for Grades 3 and 4 (Pseudo-word-G-3-4) and Grades 5 and 6 (Pseudo-word-G-5-6). In the second phase of the study, …


Persisting Students' Explanations Of And Emotional Responses To Academic Failure, Rola Ajjawi, Mary Dracup, Nadine Zacharias, Sue Bennett, David J. Boud Jan 2020

Persisting Students' Explanations Of And Emotional Responses To Academic Failure, Rola Ajjawi, Mary Dracup, Nadine Zacharias, Sue Bennett, David J. Boud

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Academic failure is an important and personal event in the lives of university students, and the ways they make sense of experiences of failure matters for their persistence and future success. Academic failure contributes to attrition, yet the extent of this contribution and precipitating factors of failure are not well understood. To illuminate this world-wide problem, we analysed institutional data at a large, comprehensive Australian university and surveyed 186 undergraduate students who had failed at least one unit of study in 2016, but were still enrolled in 2017. Academic failure increased the likelihood of course attrition by 4.2 times. The …


Self-Regulation And Executive Function Longitudinally Predict Advanced Learning In Preschool, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu Jan 2020

Self-Regulation And Executive Function Longitudinally Predict Advanced Learning In Preschool, Steven J. Howard, Elena Vasseleu

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

While the early years are often regarded as a critical period for establishing and supporting the developmental trajectories of delayed and typically developing children, they also represent a critical time for advanced learners. Yet to support advanced learners, a better understanding of sources and mechanisms of precocious early learning is needed. While there is ample research separately indicating importance of executive functions (EFs) and self-regulation for learning more broadly, it remains unclear whether, which, and to what extent EFs and/or self-regulation might account for the incidence of advanced learning in the prior-to-school years. The current study sought to investigate the …


Teaching Spelling In Context Can Also Be Explicit And Systematic, Tessa Daffern, Kathy Thompson, Luke Ryan Jan 2020

Teaching Spelling In Context Can Also Be Explicit And Systematic, Tessa Daffern, Kathy Thompson, Luke Ryan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This article shares a few practical insights from an intervention study that focussed on building teacher capacity for effective instruction in spelling. For the study, four schools in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) were selected to participate through a stratified random sampling process. In total, 572 students across 31 classes in Years 3 to 6 participated. Of the 31 classes, 14 were involved in a ten-week intervention while the remaining 17 classes formed a 'comparison' group whereby a 'business as usual' approach to teaching spelling was adopted.


Identification And Evaluation Of Risk Of Generalizability Biases In Pilot Versus Efficacy/Effectiveness Trials: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Michael Beets, Robert Weaver, John Ioannidis, Marco Geraci, Keith Brazendale, Lindsay Decker, Anthony D. Okely, David Lubans, Esther Van Sluijs, Russell Jago, Gabrielle Turner-Mcgrievy, James Thrasher, Xiaming Li, Andrew Milat Jan 2020

Identification And Evaluation Of Risk Of Generalizability Biases In Pilot Versus Efficacy/Effectiveness Trials: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Michael Beets, Robert Weaver, John Ioannidis, Marco Geraci, Keith Brazendale, Lindsay Decker, Anthony D. Okely, David Lubans, Esther Van Sluijs, Russell Jago, Gabrielle Turner-Mcgrievy, James Thrasher, Xiaming Li, Andrew Milat

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

BACKGROUND: Preliminary evaluations of behavioral interventions, referred to as pilot studies, predate the conduct of many large-scale efficacy/effectiveness trial. The ability of a pilot study to inform an efficacy/effectiveness trial relies on careful considerations in the design, delivery, and interpretation of the pilot results to avoid exaggerated early discoveries that may lead to subsequent failed efficacy/effectiveness trials. "Risk of generalizability biases (RGB)" in pilot studies may reduce the probability of replicating results in a larger efficacy/effectiveness trial. We aimed to generate an operational list of potential RGBs and to evaluate their impact in pairs of published pilot studies and larger, …


More Green, More 'Zzzzz'? Trees May Help Us Sleep, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng Jan 2020

More Green, More 'Zzzzz'? Trees May Help Us Sleep, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Not feeling sharp? Finding it hard to concentrate? About 12-19% of adults in Australia regularly don't get enough sleep, defined as less than 5.5-6 hours each night. But who'd have thought the amount of tree cover in their neighbourhood could be a factor? Our latest research has found people with ample nearby green space are much more likely to get enough sleep than people in areas with less greenery. There's plenty of helpful advice online on sleep, of course. Apart from personal routines, many other things can affect our sleep. Aircraft and traffic noise isn't helpful. Other environmental factors at …


Environmental Influences On Children's Physical Activity In Early Childhood Education And Care, Karen L. Tonge, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2020

Environmental Influences On Children's Physical Activity In Early Childhood Education And Care, Karen L. Tonge, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: To examine the relationship between attributes of early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings and children's physical activity and sedentary behavior. Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 490 children aged 2-5 years from 11 ECECs. The ECEC routine, size of the outdoor environment, and time spent in the outdoor environment were calculated for each center. Children's physical activity and sedentary time were measured using accelerometers. Multivariate linear regressions were used to examine associations of the attributes of ECEC centers with the outcome variables, adjusting for the effects of center clustering and gender. Results: Children in ECECs that offered free routines (where …


Participation In Domains Of Physical Activity Among Australian Youth During The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Marijka Batterham, Dylan P. Cliff Jan 2020

Participation In Domains Of Physical Activity Among Australian Youth During The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Marijka Batterham, Dylan P. Cliff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Information about the domains of physical activity (PA) that are most prone to decline between late childhood (11 y), early adolescence (13 y), and mid-adolescence (15 y) may support more targeted health promotion strategies. This study explored longitudinal trends in nonorganized PA, organized PA, active transport and active chores/work between childhood and adolescence, and potential sociodemographic moderators of changes. Methods: Data were sourced from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n = 4108). Participation in PA domains was extracted from youth time-use diaries. Potential moderators were sex, Indigenous status, language spoken at home, socioeconomic position, and geographical remoteness. Results: …


Schools Are Open During The Coronavirus Outbreak But Should I Voluntarily Keep My Kids Home Anyway, If I Can? We Asked 5 Experts, Sunanda Creagh, Allen C. Cheng, Christopher C. Blyth, Claire Hooker, Paul Andrew Kidson, Peter Collignon Jan 2020

Schools Are Open During The Coronavirus Outbreak But Should I Voluntarily Keep My Kids Home Anyway, If I Can? We Asked 5 Experts, Sunanda Creagh, Allen C. Cheng, Christopher C. Blyth, Claire Hooker, Paul Andrew Kidson, Peter Collignon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

We asked five experts to answer the question: schools are staying open but should I voluntarily keep my kids home anyway, if I can?


How To Help Young Children Regulate Their Emotions And Behaviours During The Pandemic, Cathrine Marguerite Neilsen-Hewett, Steven J. Howard Jan 2020

How To Help Young Children Regulate Their Emotions And Behaviours During The Pandemic, Cathrine Marguerite Neilsen-Hewett, Steven J. Howard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

With governments around the world asking their citizens to avoid places, activities and gatherings to save lives, this just might be the largest ever international effort to self-regulate our actions against competing desires and impulses. To achieve this, we must overcome our desire to enjoy the sun and sand, go shopping or to the pub, and even embrace family and friends. Of course, it's not so easy for young children, who must forego activities they previously enjoyed and may be confused by contradictions - like being able to see friends at, but not after, school. But there are ways parents …


The Invisible Line: Students As Partners Or Students As Colleagues?, Michelle J. Eady, Corinne Green Jan 2020

The Invisible Line: Students As Partners Or Students As Colleagues?, Michelle J. Eady, Corinne Green

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Animal Geographies I: Hearing The Cry And Extending Beyond, Leah Maree Gibbs Jan 2020

Animal Geographies I: Hearing The Cry And Extending Beyond, Leah Maree Gibbs

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Research on animal geographies is burgeoning. This report identifies key themes emerging in the sub-discipline over the past two to three years. It begins with an overview of the growing empirical, conceptual and methodological diversity of the field. It then explores two themes, which seek, in turn, to look very closely at the animal and beyond it. The first theme incorporates efforts to attend to the lived experiences of animals and the nonhuman side of human-animal relations: to ‘hear the cry’ of the nonhuman. The second includes attempts to move beyond both the kinds of animals most commonly considered within …


Exploring Migrants’ Knowledge And Skill In Seasonal Farm Work: More Than Labouring Bodies, Natascha Klocker, Olivia V. Dun, Lesley M. Head, Ananth Gopal Jan 2020

Exploring Migrants’ Knowledge And Skill In Seasonal Farm Work: More Than Labouring Bodies, Natascha Klocker, Olivia V. Dun, Lesley M. Head, Ananth Gopal

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Migrant farmworkers dominate the horticultural workforce in many parts of the Minority (developed) World. The ‘manual’ work that they do—picking and packing fruits and vegetables, and pruning vines and trees—is widely designated unskilled. In policy, media, academic, activist and everyday discourses, hired farm work is framed as something anybody can do. We interrogate this notion with empirical evidence from the Sunraysia horticultural region of Australia. The region’s grape and almond farms depend heavily on migrant workers. By-and-large, the farmers and farmworkers we spoke to pushed back against the unskilled tag. They asserted that farmworkers acquire knowledge and skills over time …


Urban Greening And Mobility Justice In Dhaka’S Informal Settlements, Razia Sultana, Thomas Birtchnell, Nicholas J. Gill Jan 2020

Urban Greening And Mobility Justice In Dhaka’S Informal Settlements, Razia Sultana, Thomas Birtchnell, Nicholas J. Gill

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Urban greening in Dhaka, Bangladesh is fraught with injustice for slum dwellers. Access to the commons for the enactment of gardening, farming and foraging by the urban poor, many recent internal migrants from rural areas, is contested by wealthier citizens, developers and political elites. Through qualitative research with households within the informal settlement of Korail in Dhaka’s urban core, and a range of stakeholders in governmental and non-governmental organizations, this study critiques competing policy visions that involve urban greening and urban green infrastructure. Repurposing the conceptual lense of ‘mobility justice’ to analyse environmental and ecological issues in the global South, …


Facilitators And Barriers To The Self-Management Of Copd: A Qualitative Study From Rural Nepal, Uday Yadav, Jane Lloyd, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Kedar Baral, Sagar Dahal, Narendra Bhatta, Mark Harris Jan 2020

Facilitators And Barriers To The Self-Management Of Copd: A Qualitative Study From Rural Nepal, Uday Yadav, Jane Lloyd, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Kedar Baral, Sagar Dahal, Narendra Bhatta, Mark Harris

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Objective: To understand the facilitators and barriers to the self-management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in rural Nepal. Settings: Community and primary care centres in rural Nepal. Participants: A total of 14 participants (10 people with COPD and 4 health care providers) were interviewed. Primary and secondary outcome measure(s): People with COPD and healthcare provider's experience of COPD self-management in rural Nepal. Results: Facilitators and barriers affecting COPD self-management in Nepal operated at the patient-family, community and service provider levels. People with COPD were found to have a limited understanding of COPD and medications. …


A Matched Control Trial Of A Mental Health Literacy Intervention For Parents In Community Sports Clubs, Diarmuid Hurley, Mark S. Allen, Christian Swann, Stewart A. Vella Jan 2020

A Matched Control Trial Of A Mental Health Literacy Intervention For Parents In Community Sports Clubs, Diarmuid Hurley, Mark S. Allen, Christian Swann, Stewart A. Vella

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. This controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of a mental health literacy intervention for parents delivered through community sport clubs. In total, 540 parents (321 females, 219 males) of adolescent athletes participated in a brief educational workshop on youth mental health (n = 352) or a community-matched control group (n = 188). Generalised linear mixed models revealed no significant improvements in the intervention group compared to control in the primary mental health literacy outcomes, at 1 month follow-up. However, parents in the intervention group were more likely to seek formal help for …


Augmenting Cancer Registry Data With Health Survey Data With No Cases In Common: The Relationship Between Pre-Diagnosis Health Behaviour And Post-Diagnosis Survival In Oesophageal Cancer, Paul Fahey, Andrew Page, Glenn Stone, Thomas E. Astell-Burt Jan 2020

Augmenting Cancer Registry Data With Health Survey Data With No Cases In Common: The Relationship Between Pre-Diagnosis Health Behaviour And Post-Diagnosis Survival In Oesophageal Cancer, Paul Fahey, Andrew Page, Glenn Stone, Thomas E. Astell-Burt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020 The Author(s). Background: For epidemiological research, cancer registry datasets often need to be augmented with additional data. Data linkage is not feasible when there are no cases in common between data sets. We present a novel approach to augmenting cancer registry data by imputing pre-diagnosis health behaviour and estimating its relationship with post-diagnosis survival time. Methods: Six measures of pre-diagnosis health behaviours (focussing on tobacco smoking, 'at risk' alcohol consumption, overweight and exercise) were imputed for 28,000 cancer registry data records of US oesophageal cancers using cold deck imputation from an unrelated health behaviour dataset. Each data point was …


Attentional Bias For Threat And Anxiety: The Role Of Loneliness, Maryann Wei, Steven J. Roodenrys, Leonie M. Miller Jan 2020

Attentional Bias For Threat And Anxiety: The Role Of Loneliness, Maryann Wei, Steven J. Roodenrys, Leonie M. Miller

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020, 2020 Washington School of Psychiatry. Objective: There is literature to suggest that anxious individuals may be lonely. Attentional bias for threat (ABT), a mechanism implicated in the core symptoms of anxiety, has been linked to loneliness in a separate line of work. The primary aim of this study was to examine the role of loneliness in the association between ABT and anxiety. Method: An unselected sample of 260 individuals (196 Female; Mean Age = 22.43) completed measures of loneliness, ABT (a dot probe task), and anxiety. Two possible models of the role of loneliness in the ABT-anxiety link were …