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Full-Text Articles in Education

Negotiating Adversity With Humour: A Case Study Of Wildland Firefighter Women, Christine Eriksen Jan 2019

Negotiating Adversity With Humour: A Case Study Of Wildland Firefighter Women, Christine Eriksen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines humour as an emergent theme within a long-term study of the gendered terrain of wildfire management. It analyses a set of semi-structured interviews that the study utilised to facilitate in-depth conversations with firefighter women about everyday gender relations, politics and practices within the New South Wales National Parks and Wildfire Service, Australia. The narrative analysis unpacks the dual function of humour as an explanatory tool during interviews, and as an everyday practice to negotiate adversity within the patriarchal stronghold of wildland firefighting. The study shows: a) how humour masks widespread occurrences of gender discrimination, and b) that …


Effects Of Self-Assessment Feedback On Self-Assessment And Task-Selection Accuracy, Steven F. Raaijmakers, Martine Baars, Fred Paas, Jeroen J. G Van Merrienboer, Tamara Van Gog Jan 2019

Effects Of Self-Assessment Feedback On Self-Assessment And Task-Selection Accuracy, Steven F. Raaijmakers, Martine Baars, Fred Paas, Jeroen J. G Van Merrienboer, Tamara Van Gog

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Effective self-regulated learning in settings in which students can decide what tasks to work on, requires accurate self-assessment (i.e., a judgment of own level of performance) as well as accurate task selection (i.e., choosing a subsequent task that fits the current level of performance). Because self-assessment accuracy is often low, task-selection accuracy suffers as well and, consequently, self-regulated learning can lead to suboptimal learning outcomes. Recent studies have shown that a training with video modeling examples enhanced self-assessment accuracy on problem-solving tasks, but the training was not equally effective for every student and, overall, there was room for further improvement …


Is Childhood Overweight/Obesity Perceived As A Health Problem By Mothers Of Preschool Aged Children In Bangladesh? A Community Level Cross-Sectional Study, Mohammad Hossain, Mahbubul Siddiqee, Shameema Ferdous, Marzia Faruki, Rifat Jahan, Shah Shahik, Enayetur Raheem, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2019

Is Childhood Overweight/Obesity Perceived As A Health Problem By Mothers Of Preschool Aged Children In Bangladesh? A Community Level Cross-Sectional Study, Mohammad Hossain, Mahbubul Siddiqee, Shameema Ferdous, Marzia Faruki, Rifat Jahan, Shah Shahik, Enayetur Raheem, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Childhood obesity is rapidly rising in many developing countries such as Bangladesh; however, the factors responsible for this increase are not well understood. Being the primary caregivers of children, particularly in developing countries, maternal perceptions and knowledge could be important factors influencing the weight status of children. This study aimed to assess maternal perceptions of childhood obesity and associated socio-demographic factors in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study using stratified random sampling was conducted among 585 mothers whose children aged 4 to 7 years attended preschools in a district town. Body Mass Index of the children was calculated and weight status categorized …


Associations Between Access To Healthcare, Environmental Quality, And End-Stage Renal Disease Survival Time: Proportional-Hazards Models Of Over 1,000,000 People Over 14 Years, Marissa Kosnik, David Reif, Danelle Lobdell, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, John Hader, Jane Hoppin Jan 2019

Associations Between Access To Healthcare, Environmental Quality, And End-Stage Renal Disease Survival Time: Proportional-Hazards Models Of Over 1,000,000 People Over 14 Years, Marissa Kosnik, David Reif, Danelle Lobdell, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, John Hader, Jane Hoppin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the US increased by 74% from 2000 to 2013. To investigate the role of the broader environment on ESRD survival time, we evaluated average distance to the nearest hospital by county (as a surrogate for access to healthcare) and the Environmental Quality Index (EQI), an aggregate measure of ambient environmental quality composed of five domains (air, water, land, built, and sociodemographic), at the county level across the US. Associations between average hospital distance, EQI, and survival time for 1,092,281 people diagnosed with ESRD between 2000 and 2013 (age 18+, without changes in county …


Understanding Non-Vaccinating Parents' Views To Inform And Improve Clinical Encounters: A Qualitative Study In An Australian Community, Catherine Helps, Julie Leask, Lesley M. Barclay, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2019

Understanding Non-Vaccinating Parents' Views To Inform And Improve Clinical Encounters: A Qualitative Study In An Australian Community, Catherine Helps, Julie Leask, Lesley M. Barclay, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objectives: To explain vaccination refusal in a sample of Australian parents.

Design: Qualitative design, purposive sampling in a defined population.

Setting: A geographically bounded community of approximately 30 000 people in regional Australia with high prevalence of vaccination refusal.

Participants: Semi structured interviews with 32 non-vaccinating parents: 9 fathers, 22 mothers and 1 pregnant woman. Purposive sampling of parents who had decided to discontinue or decline all vaccinations for their children.

Recruitment: via local advertising then snowballing.

Results: Thematic analysis focused on explaining decision-making pathways of parents who refuse vaccination. Common patterns in parents' accounts included: perceived deterioration in health …


Proposing A Haptic Approach To Facilitating L2 Learners' Pragmatic Competence, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker, William Acton Jan 2019

Proposing A Haptic Approach To Facilitating L2 Learners' Pragmatic Competence, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker, William Acton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Pragmatic competence plays a critical role in successful communication. Pragmatics in the second language classroom has received substantial interest in TESOL, yet teachers often find the teaching of pragmatics challenging. Instruction generally tends to focus on grammar and vocabulary development, even though pragmatics is closely linked to the sound system (i.e., phonology) of the language. An effective method should combine attention to both pragmatic and phonological competence. We propose an integrated approach, drawing on haptic (movement and touch) pronunciation teaching techniques (Acton, Baker, Burri & Teaman, 2013) to facilitate study and uptake of pragmatics in the classroom. In part by …


Assessing Risk For Hiv Infection Among Adolescent Girls In South Africa: An Evaluation Of The Voice Risk Score (Hptn 068), Danielle Giovenco, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn, Ryan Wagner, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Jing Wang, James Hughes Jan 2019

Assessing Risk For Hiv Infection Among Adolescent Girls In South Africa: An Evaluation Of The Voice Risk Score (Hptn 068), Danielle Giovenco, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn, Ryan Wagner, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Jing Wang, James Hughes

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

INTRODUCTION: To maximize impact and minimize costs, antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) interventions should be offered to those at highest risk for HIV infection. The risk score derived from the VOICE trial is one tool currently being utilized to determine eligibility in adolescent PrEP trials in sub-Saharan Africa. This study is aimed at evaluating the utility of the risk score in predicting HIV incidence among a cohort of adolescent girls in rural South Africa.

METHODS: We utilized data from HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 068, a phase III randomized controlled trial conducted in rural Mpumalanga province, South Africa. School-attending young women …


Nature Conservation And Nature-Based Tourism: A Paradox?, Isabelle D. Wolf, David B. Croft, Ronda J. Green Jan 2019

Nature Conservation And Nature-Based Tourism: A Paradox?, Isabelle D. Wolf, David B. Croft, Ronda J. Green

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Throughout the world, areas have been reserved for their exceptional environmental values, such as high biodiversity. Financial, political and community support for these protected areas is often dependent on visitation by nature-based tourists. This visitation inevitably creates environmental impacts, such as the construction and maintenance of roads, tracks and trails; trampling of vegetation and erosion of soils; and propagation of disturbance of resilient species, such as weeds. This creates tension between the conservation of environmental values and visitation. This review examines some of the main features of environmental impacts by nature-based tourists through a discussion of observational and manipulative studies. …


Prevalence And Determinants Of Frailty In The Absence Of Disability Among Older Population: A Cross Sectional Study From Rural Communities In Nepal, Uday Narayan Yadav, Man Tamang, Tarka Thapa, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Mark Fort Harris, Krishna Yadav Jan 2019

Prevalence And Determinants Of Frailty In The Absence Of Disability Among Older Population: A Cross Sectional Study From Rural Communities In Nepal, Uday Narayan Yadav, Man Tamang, Tarka Thapa, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Mark Fort Harris, Krishna Yadav

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

BACKGROUND: Longevity and frailty have significant implications for healthcare delivery. They increase demands for healthcare service and surge risk of hospitalization. Despite gaining global attention, determinants of frailty have remained unmeasured in the rural community settings in Nepal. This study aimed to address this gap by accessing the prevalence and determinants of frailty in the absence of disability among older population living in rural communities in eastern Nepal.

METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analytical study of 794 older adults aged ≥60 living in the rural part of Sunsari and Morang district of eastern Nepal between January and April in 2018. …


Book Review: Culture Myths, Skye Playsted Jan 2019

Book Review: Culture Myths, Skye Playsted

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Book review of: DeCapua, A. (2018). Culture myths: Applying second language research to classroom teaching. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. 188pp.


Vection Strength Increases With Simulated Eye-Separation, Stephen Palmisano, Rodney G. Davies, Kevin R. Brooks Jan 2019

Vection Strength Increases With Simulated Eye-Separation, Stephen Palmisano, Rodney G. Davies, Kevin R. Brooks

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Research has previously shown that adding consistent stereoscopic information to self-motion displays can improve the vection in depth induced in physically stationary observers. In some past studies, the simulated eye-separation was always close to the observer's actual eye-separation, as the aim was to examine vection under ecological viewing conditions that provided consistent binocular and monocular self-motion information. The present study investigated whether large discrepancies between the observer's simulated and physical eye-separations would alter the vection-inducing potential of stereoscopic optic flow (either helping, hindering, or preventing the induction of vection). Our self-motion displays simulated eye-separations of 0 cm (the non-stereoscopic control), …


Sleep-Dependent Selective Imitation In Infants, Carolin Konrad, Nora D. Dirks, Annegret Warmuth, Jane S. Herbert, Silvia Schneider, Sabine Seehagen Jan 2019

Sleep-Dependent Selective Imitation In Infants, Carolin Konrad, Nora D. Dirks, Annegret Warmuth, Jane S. Herbert, Silvia Schneider, Sabine Seehagen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In adults, sleep selectively consolidates those memories that are relevant for future events. The present study tested whether napping after encoding plays a role in selective memory consolidation in infants. Infants aged 15 and 24 months (n = 48 per age) were randomly assigned to a nap or a no-nap demonstration condition, or a baseline control condition. In the demonstration conditions, infants observed an experimenter perform an irrelevant action followed by a relevant action to achieve a desirable outcome on four different toys. Infant imitation of irrelevant and relevant actions was coded at a test session that occurred after a …


"I Never Imagined" Pronunciation As "Such An Interesting Thing": Student Teacher Perception Of Innovative Practices, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker Jan 2019

"I Never Imagined" Pronunciation As "Such An Interesting Thing": Student Teacher Perception Of Innovative Practices, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Despite extensive research conducted into language teacher education practices and outcomes, student teachers' uptake of innovative practices is still largely unexplored. This study examined the perception of 15 graduate student teachers of a unique haptic (movement and touch) pronunciation teaching method in which they were trained. Focus group interviews, semi-structured interviews, and weekly observations were triangulated over a period of 16 weeks to attain insights into participants' perceptions of haptic pronunciation teaching. Findings suggested that their overall view of haptic pronunciation instruction was positive, but challenges with performing the pedagogical movements and uncertainty about the method's efficacy clouded some of …


State Of The Art In U.S. Multicultural Social Work Practice: Client Expectations And Provider Challenges, Katarzyna J. Olcon Jan 2019

State Of The Art In U.S. Multicultural Social Work Practice: Client Expectations And Provider Challenges, Katarzyna J. Olcon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

To obtain a comprehensive view of the level of knowledge and development achieved in multicultural social work practice, I conducted a scoping review of U.S. empirical literature for the 10-year period from 2007 through 2016. The review revealed that across the board racial and ethnic minority clients continue to experience marginalization and report low satisfaction with services. Conversely, providers are subject to some tensions and biases toward multicultural practice exacerbated by employers’ lack of emphasis on cultural competence. The problematic findings from the review suggest that our current approaches to cultural competence may need to be reexamined.


#Metoo Has Changed The Media Landscape, But In Australia There Is Still Much To Be Done, Bianca Fileborn, Rachel E. Loney-Howes, Sophie Hindes Jan 2019

#Metoo Has Changed The Media Landscape, But In Australia There Is Still Much To Be Done, Bianca Fileborn, Rachel E. Loney-Howes, Sophie Hindes

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Emerging in October 2017 in response to allegations of sexual assault perpetrated by Hollywood movie mogul Harvey Weinstein, #MeToo highlighted the potential for traditional and social media to work together to generate global interest in gender-based violence. Within 24 hours, survivors around the world had used the hashtag 12 million times.


Opportunities For Better Use Of Collective Action Theory In Research And Governance For Invasive Species Management, Sonia Graham, Alexander Metcalf, Nicholas J. Gill, Rebecca Niemiec, Carlo Moreno, Thomas Bach, Victoria Ikutegbe, Lars Hallstrom, Zhao Ma, Alice Lubeck Jan 2019

Opportunities For Better Use Of Collective Action Theory In Research And Governance For Invasive Species Management, Sonia Graham, Alexander Metcalf, Nicholas J. Gill, Rebecca Niemiec, Carlo Moreno, Thomas Bach, Victoria Ikutegbe, Lars Hallstrom, Zhao Ma, Alice Lubeck

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Controlling invasive species presents a public-good dilemma. Although environmental, social, and economic benefits of control accrue to society, costs are borne by only a few individuals and organizations. For decades, policy makers have used incentives and sanctions to encourage or coerce individual actors to contribute to the public good, with limited success. Diverse, subnational efforts to collectively manage invasive plants, insects, and animals provide effective alternatives to traditional command-and-control approaches. Despite this work, there has been little systematic evaluation of collective efforts to determine whether there are consistent principles underpinning success. We reviewed 32 studies to identify the extent to …


The Value Of Movement Content Knowledge In The Training Of Australian Pe Teachers: Perceptions Of Teacher Educators, Erik R. Backman, Philip J. Pearson, Gregory J. Forrest Jan 2019

The Value Of Movement Content Knowledge In The Training Of Australian Pe Teachers: Perceptions Of Teacher Educators, Erik R. Backman, Philip J. Pearson, Gregory J. Forrest

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The purpose of this paper is to describe, analyse and discuss the statements made by Australian physical education teacher educators (PETE) in terms of how they perceive and value movement content knowledge (CK) in their assessment of movement courses. Drawing on Shulman's perspective of CK, this paper builds on qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with nine teacher educators from a total of seven PETE universities in New South Wales as well as written unit outlines including assignments from these PETE universities. The main results from the study show that among the participants, movement CK is conceptualised as physical movement performance. …


The Role Of Social Cues In Supporting Students To Overcome Challenges In Online Multi-Stage Assignments, Tiffani L. Apps, Karley A. Beckman, Sue Bennett, Barney Dalgarno, Gregor Kennedy, Lori Lockyer Jan 2019

The Role Of Social Cues In Supporting Students To Overcome Challenges In Online Multi-Stage Assignments, Tiffani L. Apps, Karley A. Beckman, Sue Bennett, Barney Dalgarno, Gregor Kennedy, Lori Lockyer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Online technologies can facilitate new assessment designs, where students develop, analyse and reflect upon their learning. Online multi-stage assignments provide students with opportunities to submit and share their work over an extended period in social sharing spaces such as blogging and discussion forums. This study explores the challenges experienced by students while completing online multi-stage assignments and the processes of self-regulated learning students engaged with to overcome such challenges. We present interview data from three qualitative case studies involving 34 students across two Australian universities. The results show all students experienced challenges while working on multi-stage assignments. Students engaged with …


Raising Retention Rates Towards Achieving Vocational And Career Aspirations In Pacific Communities, Jioji Ravulo Jan 2019

Raising Retention Rates Towards Achieving Vocational And Career Aspirations In Pacific Communities, Jioji Ravulo

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

There is a need for culturally relevant and appropriate retention pro- grams within a climate of ever-increasing neo-liberalism that is seeking to change the very nature and underlying rationale of higher education. This article is posited alongside the reflections of past and current university students, who highlight various socio-economic and socio- cultural pressures which affect their ability to maintain engagement within tertiary institutions in which they strive to study. Pressures include the neo-liberal ideology of unfettered individualism within a higher education setting, which seeks to make the university a competitive producer of 'consumers' rather than life-long learners who serve and …


Understanding The Office: Using Ecological Momentary Assessment To Measure Activities, Posture, Social Interactions, Mood, And Work Performance At The Workplace, Lina Engelen, Fabian Held Jan 2019

Understanding The Office: Using Ecological Momentary Assessment To Measure Activities, Posture, Social Interactions, Mood, And Work Performance At The Workplace, Lina Engelen, Fabian Held

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Studying the workplace often involves using observational, self-report recall, or focus group tools, which all have their established advantages and disadvantages. There is, however, a need for a readily available, low-invasive method that can provide longitudinal, repeated, and concurrent in-the-moment information to understand the workplace well. In this study, ecological momentary assessment (EMA) was used to collect 508 real-time responses about activities, posture, work performance, social interactions, and mood in 64 adult office workers in three Australian workplaces. The response rate was 53%, and the time to fill out the survey was 50 seconds on average. On average, the participants …


Effects Of Pointing Gestures On Memory For (In)Congruent Stimuli In Children And Young Adults, Kim Ouwehand, Katinka Dijkstra, Tamara Van Gog, Fred Paas Jan 2019

Effects Of Pointing Gestures On Memory For (In)Congruent Stimuli In Children And Young Adults, Kim Ouwehand, Katinka Dijkstra, Tamara Van Gog, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

We investigated whether finger pointing toward picture locations can be used as an external cognitive control tool to guide attention and compensate for the immature cognitive control functions in children compared with young adults. Item and source memory performance was compared for picture-location pairs that were either semantically congruent (e.g., a cloud presented at the upper half of the screen) or incongruent (e.g., a cloud presented at the lower part of the screen). Contrary to our expectations, pointing had an adverse effect on source memory compared to visual observation only, in both age groups. As expected, superior source memory performance …


Environmental Values, Knowledge And Behaviour: Contributions Of An Emergent Literature On The Role Of Ethnicity And Migration, Lesley M. Head, Natascha Klocker, Ikerne Aguirre-Bielschowsky Jan 2019

Environmental Values, Knowledge And Behaviour: Contributions Of An Emergent Literature On The Role Of Ethnicity And Migration, Lesley M. Head, Natascha Klocker, Ikerne Aguirre-Bielschowsky

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Amidst calls for paradigm shifts in environmental scholarship, we track an emergent literature on how environmental values, knowledge and behaviour (EVKB) change (or not) with the migration process. We focus on the role of Majority World migrants to the Minority World. Large-scale survey research into EVKB is beginning to consider both ethnicity and migration history as important variables, but tends to leave the concepts of environment and environmental behaviour unexamined. Western EVKB indicators thus tend to be universalized rather than understood as themselves culturally specific. An emergent literature attempts to improve both quantitative and qualitative research on EVKB by broadening …


When A Postgraduate Student Becomes A Novice Researcher And A Supervisor Becomes A Mentor: A Journey Of Research Identity Development, Melinda Kirk, Kylie Lipscombe Jan 2019

When A Postgraduate Student Becomes A Novice Researcher And A Supervisor Becomes A Mentor: A Journey Of Research Identity Development, Melinda Kirk, Kylie Lipscombe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Developing a research identity is a critical space for novice researchers in teacher education. This co-authored self-study explores the experiences of a postgraduate Master of Education student who was working as a novice research assistant with her supervisor and how these experiences contributed to research identify development. Utilising Gee's (2000) Identity Framework as an analytical frame we, a novice researcher and supervisor, examine entries of a reflective research journal and supervisor feedback to gain insights into experiences that both support and constrain positive research identity development. Specifically, we promote mentorship and collaborative research as an effective strategy in normalising the …


Factors Supporting Retention Of Aboriginal Health And Wellbeing Staff In Aboriginal Health Services: A Comprehensive Review Of The Literature, Sara Deroy, Heike Schutze Jan 2019

Factors Supporting Retention Of Aboriginal Health And Wellbeing Staff In Aboriginal Health Services: A Comprehensive Review Of The Literature, Sara Deroy, Heike Schutze

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Introduction: Aboriginal Health and Wellbeing staff are crucial for successful primary health care for Aboriginal communities. However, they are often affected by high rates of stress, burnout, and staff turn-over, which can impact primary health care delivery to Aboriginal peoples. The aim of this review was to identify organisational factors that help support the retention of Aboriginal Health and Wellbeing staff in Aboriginal Health services.

Methods: A comprehensive literature review was undertaken. Eleven electronic databases were searched for papers published between 2002 and 2017 and supplemented by hand searching. Papers were included if they were in English, full text, peer-reviewed, …


Caffeine Affects Children's Erps And Performance In An Equiprobable Go/No-Go Task: Testing A Processing Schema, Robert J. Barry, Frances M. De Blasio, Jack Fogarty Jan 2019

Caffeine Affects Children's Erps And Performance In An Equiprobable Go/No-Go Task: Testing A Processing Schema, Robert J. Barry, Frances M. De Blasio, Jack Fogarty

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Caffeine's stimulant properties were used to test a proposed processing schema for children's processing stages in the equiprobable auditory go/no-go task. Active control-related ERP components were hypothesized to be differentially enhanced by caffeine. Caffeine (80 mg) was administered in a counterbalanced, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study of 24 children, aged 8-12 years. Four blocks of an equiprobable auditory go/no-go task were completed on each of two occasions, while on or off caffeine. ERP data sets from each condition (caffeine/go, placebo/go, caffeine/no-go, placebo/no-go) were subjected to separate temporal PCAs with extraction and varimax rotation of all components. Caffeine significantly reduced reaction …


Strategies To Improve Dietary, Fluid, Dialysis Or Medication Adherence In Patients With End Stage Kidney Disease On Dialysis: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Intervention Trials, Karumathil Murali, Judy Mullan, Steven J. Roodenrys, Hicham Ibrahim Cheikh Hassan, Kelly Lambert, Maureen A. Lonergan Jan 2019

Strategies To Improve Dietary, Fluid, Dialysis Or Medication Adherence In Patients With End Stage Kidney Disease On Dialysis: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Intervention Trials, Karumathil Murali, Judy Mullan, Steven J. Roodenrys, Hicham Ibrahim Cheikh Hassan, Kelly Lambert, Maureen A. Lonergan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Parental Involvement In Decision-Making About Their Child's Health Care At The Hospital, Antje Aarthun, Knut Oymar, Kristin Akerjordet Jan 2019

Parental Involvement In Decision-Making About Their Child's Health Care At The Hospital, Antje Aarthun, Knut Oymar, Kristin Akerjordet

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Aim: To explore parents' experiences on parental involvement in decision-making about their child's health care at the hospital and to identify how health professionals can improve parental involvement. Design: An explorative descriptive qualitative study within a constructivist research paradigm. Methods: Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 12 parents. Qualitative content analysis was performed. Results: This study gives unique insight into how parental involvement in children's healthcare decisions influence parents' ability to cope with the parental role at the hospital. The results showed that parents' competence and perceived influence and control over their child's health care appeared …


Developing Attentional Control In Naturalistic Dynamic Road Crossing Situations, Victoria Nicholls, Geraldine Jean-Charles, Junpeng Lao, Peter De Lissa, Roberto Caldara, Sebastien R. Miellet Jan 2019

Developing Attentional Control In Naturalistic Dynamic Road Crossing Situations, Victoria Nicholls, Geraldine Jean-Charles, Junpeng Lao, Peter De Lissa, Roberto Caldara, Sebastien R. Miellet

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In the last 20 years, there has been increasing interest in studying visual attentional processes under more natural conditions. In the present study, we propose to determine the critical age at which children show similar to adult performance and attentional control in a visually guided task; in a naturalistic dynamic and socially relevant context: road crossing. We monitored visual exploration and crossing decisions in adults and children aged between 5 and 15 while they watched road traffic videos containing a range of traffic densities with or without pedestrians. 5-10 year old (y/o) children showed less systematic gaze patterns. More specifically, …


Sms Sos: A Randomized Controlled Trial To Reduce Self-Harm And Suicide Attempts Using Sms Text Messaging, Garry J. Stevens, Trent Hammond, Suzanne Brownhill, Manish Anand, Anabel De La Riva, Jean Hawkins, Tristan Chapman, Richard Baldacchino, Jo Micallef, Jagadeesh Andepalli, Anita Kotak, Naren Gunja, Andrew Page, Grahame V. Gould, Christopher Ryan, Ian Whyte, Gregory L. Carter, Alison L. Jones Jan 2019

Sms Sos: A Randomized Controlled Trial To Reduce Self-Harm And Suicide Attempts Using Sms Text Messaging, Garry J. Stevens, Trent Hammond, Suzanne Brownhill, Manish Anand, Anabel De La Riva, Jean Hawkins, Tristan Chapman, Richard Baldacchino, Jo Micallef, Jagadeesh Andepalli, Anita Kotak, Naren Gunja, Andrew Page, Grahame V. Gould, Christopher Ryan, Ian Whyte, Gregory L. Carter, Alison L. Jones

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Hospital-treated deliberate self-harm (DSH) is common, costly and has high repetition rates. Since brief contact interventions (BCIs) may reduce the risk of DSH repetition, we aim to evaluate whether a SMS (Short Message Service) text message Intervention plus Treatment As Usual (TAU) compared to TAU alone will reduce hospital DSH re-presentation rates in Western Sydney public hospitals in Australia. Methods/design: Our study is a 24-month randomized controlled trial (RCT). Adult patients who present with DSH to hospital emergency, psychiatric, and mental health triage and assessment departments will be randomly assigned to an Intervention condition plus TAU receiving nine SMS …


An Internet-Supported School Physical Activity Intervention In Low Socioeconomic Status Communities: Results From The Activity And Motivation In Physical Education (Amped) Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial, Chris Lonsdale, Aidan Lester, Katherine B. Owen, Rhiannon L. White, Louisa R. Peralta, Morwenna Kirwan, Thierno M.O Diallo, Anthony Maeder, Andrew Bennie, Freya Macmillan, Gregory S. Kolt, Nikos Ntoumanis, Jennifer M. Gore, Ester Cerin, Dylan P. Cliff, David R. Lubans Jan 2019

An Internet-Supported School Physical Activity Intervention In Low Socioeconomic Status Communities: Results From The Activity And Motivation In Physical Education (Amped) Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial, Chris Lonsdale, Aidan Lester, Katherine B. Owen, Rhiannon L. White, Louisa R. Peralta, Morwenna Kirwan, Thierno M.O Diallo, Anthony Maeder, Andrew Bennie, Freya Macmillan, Gregory S. Kolt, Nikos Ntoumanis, Jennifer M. Gore, Ester Cerin, Dylan P. Cliff, David R. Lubans

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective Quality physical education (PE) is the cornerstone of comprehensive school physical activity (PA) promotion programmes. We tested the efficacy of a teacher professional learning intervention, delivered partially via the internet, designed to maximise opportunities for students to be active during PE lessons and enhance adolescents’ motivation towards PE and PA.

Methods A two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial with teachers and Grade 8 students from secondary schools in low socioeconomic areas of Western Sydney, Australia. The Activity and Motivation in Physical Education (AMPED) intervention for secondary school PE teachers included workshops, online learning, implementation tasks and mentoring sessions. The primary …