Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 290

Full-Text Articles in Education

Measuring Students' Perceptions Of Plagiarism: Modification And Rasch Validation Of A Plagiarism Attitude Scale, Steven J. Howard, John F. Ehrich, Russell Walton Jan 2014

Measuring Students' Perceptions Of Plagiarism: Modification And Rasch Validation Of A Plagiarism Attitude Scale, Steven J. Howard, John F. Ehrich, Russell Walton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Plagiarism is a significant area of concern in higher education, given university students' high self-reported rates of plagiarism. However, research remains inconsistent in prevalence estimates and suggested precursors of plagiarism. This may be a function of the unclear psychometric properties of the measurement tools adopted. To investigate this, we modified an existing plagiarism scale (to broaden its scope), established its psychometric properties using traditional (EFA, Cronbach's alpha) and modern (Rasch analysis) survey evaluation approaches, and examined results of well-functioning items. Results indicated that traditional and modern psychometric approaches differed in their recommendations. Further, responses indicated that although most respondents acknowledged …


Don't Be Scared, Be Angry: The Politics And Ethics Of Ebola, L Hooker, Christopher Mayes, Christopher J. Degeling, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert, Ian Kerridge Jan 2014

Don't Be Scared, Be Angry: The Politics And Ethics Of Ebola, L Hooker, Christopher Mayes, Christopher J. Degeling, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert, Ian Kerridge

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The current outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa is the worst so far.• The unprecedented extent of mortality and morbidity in this outbreak has followed more from imposition of neoliberal economic policies on the countries affected than from the biological virulence of Ebola virus. • The lack of vaccines and medications for Ebola virus disease is evidence that markets cannot reliably supply treatments for epidemic diseases.• We attribute the current difficulties in containmentchiefl y to the erosion or non-development of the health and medical infrastructure needed to respond effectively, as a direct result of market-privileging policies imposed in …


Movers And Shapers: Teaching In Online Environments, Janine Delahunty, Pauline Jones, Irina Verenikina Jan 2014

Movers And Shapers: Teaching In Online Environments, Janine Delahunty, Pauline Jones, Irina Verenikina

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper reports a study-in-progress examining interactions in the asynchronous discussions of a post-graduate TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) distance subject, focusing on the impact of scaffolding collaborative knowledge construction. Two complementary theories were used: sociocultural theory, which views interaction as essential to the knowledge building process, in particular dialogically between expert-novice, and students as equals; and Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL) which highlights language asa meaning-making resource deployed in social interactions and allows insight into the unfolding construal of knowledge and the interpersonal relationships being enacted. The results confirmed the significant role of the instructor in shaping …


Exploring "Openability" Of Hospital Food And Beverage Packaging By "Well Elderly", Alison Bell, Karen Walton, Jacqueline Chevis, Alaster Yoxall Jan 2014

Exploring "Openability" Of Hospital Food And Beverage Packaging By "Well Elderly", Alison Bell, Karen Walton, Jacqueline Chevis, Alaster Yoxall

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at The Fourth International Conference on Food Studies, 20-21 October 2014, Prato, Italy


The Effects Associated With New Public Management-Inspired Change Within Juvenile Justice In New South Wales, Ann Dadich, Brian Stout, Hassan Hosseinzadeh Jan 2014

The Effects Associated With New Public Management-Inspired Change Within Juvenile Justice In New South Wales, Ann Dadich, Brian Stout, Hassan Hosseinzadeh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This study is the first to examine reactions to, and the management of organisational change within the juvenile justice sector through the public administration lens. This is achieved via a state-wide study on the introduction of a policy framework in eight juvenile justice centres to manage detainee behaviour. Data on centre demographics, framework implementation, and associated outcomes were analysed. Despite the common framework, the eight centres reacted to, and managed organisational change in disparate ways with disparate effects - some of which appear counterintuitive. These findings demonstrate the ways in which organisational context shapes reactions to, and the management of …


An Exploration Of Decision Aid Effectiveness: The Impact Of Promoting Affective Vs. Deliberative Processing On A Health-Related Decision, Esther L. Davis, Kirsten Mccaffery, Barbara Mullan, Ilona Juraskova Jan 2014

An Exploration Of Decision Aid Effectiveness: The Impact Of Promoting Affective Vs. Deliberative Processing On A Health-Related Decision, Esther L. Davis, Kirsten Mccaffery, Barbara Mullan, Ilona Juraskova

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Decision aids (DAs) are non-directive communication tools that help patients make value-consistent health-care decisions. However, most DAs have been developed without an explicit theoretical framework, resulting in a lack of understanding of how DAs achieve outcomes.


Feasibility And Acceptability Of Project Connect: A Couples-Based Hiv-Risk Reduction Intervention Among Young Couples In Johannesburg, South Africa, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Nadia Nguyen, Molly Rosenberg, Lisa Parker, Jabu Sibeko Jan 2014

Feasibility And Acceptability Of Project Connect: A Couples-Based Hiv-Risk Reduction Intervention Among Young Couples In Johannesburg, South Africa, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Nadia Nguyen, Molly Rosenberg, Lisa Parker, Jabu Sibeko

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Given the importance of couples to the transmission of HIV, interventions focusing on both members of a partnership can play an important role in its prevention. We adapted and pilot-tested Project Connect, an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention for couples, to determine its acceptability and feasibility among a sample of young urban South African couples. We recruited couples from a clinic in inner-city Johannesburg to take part in the study. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were conducted at baseline and postintervention; an in-depth interview (IDI) was also conducted postintervention. Of 75 couples screened, 15 were eligible and enrolled. An important reason for ineligibility was …


'He Gave Him The Booze Because ...' Using A Projective Method To Explore Why Parents Provide Alcohol To Teenagers, Sandra C. Jones, Christopher Magee, Kelly Lee Andrews Jan 2014

'He Gave Him The Booze Because ...' Using A Projective Method To Explore Why Parents Provide Alcohol To Teenagers, Sandra C. Jones, Christopher Magee, Kelly Lee Andrews

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Conference 2014, 9-12 November 2014, Adelaide, Australia


Addressing Multiple Health Risk Behaviours In Disadvantaged Populations: Research Being Led By The National Health And Medical Research Council Centre Of Research Excellence In Mental Health And Substance Use, Peter James Kelly, Amanda Baker, Frances Kay-Lambkin Jan 2014

Addressing Multiple Health Risk Behaviours In Disadvantaged Populations: Research Being Led By The National Health And Medical Research Council Centre Of Research Excellence In Mental Health And Substance Use, Peter James Kelly, Amanda Baker, Frances Kay-Lambkin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Conference 2014, 9-12 November 2014, Adelaide, Australia


Illusory Scene Shearing During Real And Illusory Self-Rotations In Roll, Stephen Palmisano, Robert Allison, Ian Howard Jan 2014

Illusory Scene Shearing During Real And Illusory Self-Rotations In Roll, Stephen Palmisano, Robert Allison, Ian Howard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at The Asia-Pacific Conference on Vision (APCV) 2014 19-22 July 2014, Takamatsu, Japan


Personal Best Goal And Self-Regulation As Predictors Of Mathematics Achievement: A Multilevel Structural Equation Model, Magdalena Mo Ching Mok, Michael Ying Wah Wong, Michael Ronald Su, Jim S. Tognolini, Gordon Stanley Jan 2014

Personal Best Goal And Self-Regulation As Predictors Of Mathematics Achievement: A Multilevel Structural Equation Model, Magdalena Mo Ching Mok, Michael Ying Wah Wong, Michael Ronald Su, Jim S. Tognolini, Gordon Stanley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This study aimed to identify personal best goal and self-regulation as predictors of mathematics achievement for primary students. The sample comprised 3,821 (2,021 males and 1,800 females) students between Grades 3 to Grade 5 at 26 primary schools in Hong Kong. Students' personal best goals and self-regulation were used to predict their mathematics achievement six months later. Multilevel structural equation models were fitted to the data using the MPLUS software. Results showed that after controlling for student gender and grade level, students' personal best goal predicted their subsequent mathematics achievement. In contrast, self-regulation had no direct effect on students' mathematics …


Ethnic And Country-Of-Birth Differences In Co-Occurring Unhealthy Lifestyles: Findings From 190,028 Australians, Gregory Kolt, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt Jan 2014

Ethnic And Country-Of-Birth Differences In Co-Occurring Unhealthy Lifestyles: Findings From 190,028 Australians, Gregory Kolt, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the American College of Sports Medicine 61st annual meeting, 27-31 May 2014, Orlando, United States


Self-Determination Theory And Teacher Instruction: A Positive Partnership For Student Performance And Involvement, Dana Perlman Jan 2014

Self-Determination Theory And Teacher Instruction: A Positive Partnership For Student Performance And Involvement, Dana Perlman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of distinct motivationally-based instructional approaches on student's game performance and involvement. 78 secondary physical education students were taught a unit of volleyball using one in either an autonomy-supportive, controlling or balanced instructional style. Using a pretest and posttest design, students were measured on their game performance and involvement during 20-minute game of volleyball. Data analysis indicated that students engaged in the autonomy-supportive context illustrated significantly higher levels of performance and involvement when compared with the other groups.


A Convexity Bias In The Processing Of Motion Parallax Transformations, B Rogers, Harold Hill Jan 2014

A Convexity Bias In The Processing Of Motion Parallax Transformations, B Rogers, Harold Hill

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the Applied Vision Association Christmas Meeting, Leuven, Belgium 19-20 December 2013


Repositioning Urban Governments? Energy Efficiency And Australia's Changing Climate And Energy Governance Regimes, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Robyn Dowling, Harriet Bulkeley Jan 2014

Repositioning Urban Governments? Energy Efficiency And Australia's Changing Climate And Energy Governance Regimes, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Robyn Dowling, Harriet Bulkeley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Urban local governments are important players in climate governance, and their roles are evolving. This review traces the changing nexus of Australia's climate policy, energy policy and energy efficiency imperatives and its repositioning of urban local governments. We characterise the ways urban local governments' capacities and capabilities are being mobilised in light of a changing multi-level political opportunity structure around energy efficiency. The shifts we observe not only extend local governments' role in implementing climate change responses but also engage them as partners in conceiving and operationalising new measures, suggesting new ground is being opened in the urban politics of …


Toward Stronger Theory In Critical Public Health: Insights From Debates Surrounding Posthumanism, Melanie Rock, Christopher J. Degeling, Gwendolyn Blue Jan 2014

Toward Stronger Theory In Critical Public Health: Insights From Debates Surrounding Posthumanism, Melanie Rock, Christopher J. Degeling, Gwendolyn Blue

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The 'posthumanist turn' in critical theory comprises efforts to recognize and analyze the interdependence of human existence with non-human entities, including other animals, spaces, and technologies. Scholarship aligned to and debating posthumanism pertains to public health, but has yet to be clearly articulated for a public health audience. This commentary and an appended glossary illustrate the relevance of these ideas for enhancing critical theory in public health. 2013 Taylor & Francis.


A Social Networking Website That Provides Educational Support To Children Living With Type 1 Diabetes, Richard Sprod, Shirley Agostinho, Barry Harper Jan 2014

A Social Networking Website That Provides Educational Support To Children Living With Type 1 Diabetes, Richard Sprod, Shirley Agostinho, Barry Harper

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Increasing access and use of social networking websites and tools by young people is enabling new opportunities for use in health care (Kamel Boulos & Wheeler, 2007). But, little is known about how these technologies can be used by hospital-based clinicians for the purposes of communicating, educating and supporting young people. Thus the research study reported in this case study investigated how to design, build and implement a hospital-based social networking website for children and adolescents to interact with clinicians and themselves. This case explains how the site was designed to support children living with Type 1 diabetes using an …


Bushfires: Rural Residents Are The Solution, Not The Problem, Nicholas Gill Jan 2014

Bushfires: Rural Residents Are The Solution, Not The Problem, Nicholas Gill

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The return of heatwaves and bushfires to the news pages has brought fresh warnings that Australians who live in fire-prone zones still don’t fully understand the risk they are running. Deadly fires in Victoria’s Grampians and the Perth Hills, and the many other emergencies across other states, have once again brought the dangers into stark relief. Yet we have found evidence that people living near bushland are more aware of the risks and remedies than they are given credit for.


The Lgbti Community In The 2011 Queensland Floods: Marginality, Vulnerability And Resilience, Andrew W. Gorman-Murray, Sally Morris, Jessica Keppel, Scott J. Mckinnon, Dale Dominey-Howes Jan 2014

The Lgbti Community In The 2011 Queensland Floods: Marginality, Vulnerability And Resilience, Andrew W. Gorman-Murray, Sally Morris, Jessica Keppel, Scott J. Mckinnon, Dale Dominey-Howes

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Vulnerability to disasters is not inherent to particular social groups but results from existing marginality. Marginalisation from social, political and economic resources and recognition underpins vulnerability and impedes recovery. Yet concurrently, disasters can reveal the resilient capacities of some marginal groups, who often develop specific means of coping with marginality. This paper applies these perspective to the experiences of LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, intersex) sexual minorities during the 2011 disasters in Queensland, Australia. The findings come from a survey conducted by the Queensland Association for Healthy Communities (QAHC) a year after the floods. An agreement was established between QAHC …


Future Of Cities: Living In The City, John Urry, Thomas Birtchnell, Javier Caletrio, Serena Pollastri Jan 2014

Future Of Cities: Living In The City, John Urry, Thomas Birtchnell, Javier Caletrio, Serena Pollastri

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Report looking at how urban living may change over the next 50 years.


Health And Development Of Children Born After Assisted Reproductive Technology And Sub-Fertility Compared To Naturally Conceived Children: Data From A National Study, Alastair G. Sutcliffe, Edward Melhuish, Jacqueline Barnes, Julian Gardiner Jan 2014

Health And Development Of Children Born After Assisted Reproductive Technology And Sub-Fertility Compared To Naturally Conceived Children: Data From A National Study, Alastair G. Sutcliffe, Edward Melhuish, Jacqueline Barnes, Julian Gardiner

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In a non-matched case-control study using data from two large national cohort studies, we investigated whether indicators of child health and development up to 7 years of age differ between children conceived using assisted reproductive technology (ART), children born after sub-fertility (more than 24 months of trying for conception) and other children. Information on ART use/sub-fertility was available for 23,649 children. There were 227 cases (children conceived through ART) and two control groups: 783 children born to sub-fertile couples, and 22,639 children born to couples with no fertility issues. In models adjusted for social and demographic factors there were significant …


Book Review: The End Of Homosexual?, Scott J. Mckinnon Jan 2014

Book Review: The End Of Homosexual?, Scott J. Mckinnon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Book review of: Dennis Altman, The end of the homosexual? Brisbane: University of Queensland Press, 2013, ISBN 9 7807 0224 9815, 272 pp., RRP A$29.95.


Supporting Policy In Health With Research: An Intervention Trial (Spirit)-Protocol For A Stepped Wedge Trial, Anna Williamson, Sally Redman, Abby Haynes, Daniel Barker, Louisa R. Jorm, Sally Green, Fiona Blyth, Nicola Lewis, Anthony Shakeshaft, Catherine A. D'Este, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2014

Supporting Policy In Health With Research: An Intervention Trial (Spirit)-Protocol For A Stepped Wedge Trial, Anna Williamson, Sally Redman, Abby Haynes, Daniel Barker, Louisa R. Jorm, Sally Green, Fiona Blyth, Nicola Lewis, Anthony Shakeshaft, Catherine A. D'Este, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Introduction Governments in different countries have committed to better use of evidence from research in policy. Although many programmes are directed at assisting agencies to better use research, there have been few tests of the effectiveness of such programmes. This paper describes the protocol for SPIRIT (Supporting Policy In health with Research: an Intervention Trial), a trial designed to test the effectiveness of a multifaceted programme to build organisational capacity for the use of research evidence in policy and programme development. The primary aim is to determine whether SPIRIT results in an increase in the extent to which research and …


Integrating Relationship- And Research-Based Approaches In Australian Health Promotion Practice, Christiane Klinner, Stacy M. Carter, Lucie Rychetnik, Vincy Li, Michelle Daley, Avigdor Zask, Beverly Lloyd Jan 2014

Integrating Relationship- And Research-Based Approaches In Australian Health Promotion Practice, Christiane Klinner, Stacy M. Carter, Lucie Rychetnik, Vincy Li, Michelle Daley, Avigdor Zask, Beverly Lloyd

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

We examine the perspectives of health promotion practitioners on their approaches to determining health promotion practice, in particular on the role of research and relationships in this process. Using Grounded Theory methods, we analysed 58 semi-structured interviews with 54 health promotion practitioners in New South Wales, Australia. Practitioners differentiated between relationship-based and research-based approaches as two sources of knowledge to guide health promotion practice. We identify several tensions in seeking to combine these approaches in practice and describe the strategies that participants adopted to manage these tensions. The strategies included working in an evidence-informed rather than evidence-based way, creating new …


The Use Of Citizens' Juries In Health Policy Decision-Making: A Systematic Review, Jackie M. Street, Katherine M. Duszynski, Stephanie Krawczyk, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer Jan 2014

The Use Of Citizens' Juries In Health Policy Decision-Making: A Systematic Review, Jackie M. Street, Katherine M. Duszynski, Stephanie Krawczyk, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Deliberative inclusive approaches, such as citizen juries, have been used to engage citizens on a range of issues in health care and public health. Researchers engaging with the public to inform policy and practice have adapted the citizen jury method in a variety of ways. The nature and impact of these adaptations has not been evaluated.

We systematically searched Medline (PubMED), CINAHL and Scopus databases to identify deliberative inclusive methods, particularly citizens' juries and their adaptations, deployed in health research. Identified studies were evaluated focussing on principles associated with deliberative democracy: inclusivity, deliberation and active citizenship. We examined overall process, …


Disinvestment Policy And The Public Funding Of Assisted Reproductive Technologies: Outcomes Of Deliberative Engagements With Three Key Stakeholder Groups, Katherine Hodgetts, Janet E. Hiller, Jackie M. Street, D Carter, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Amber M. Watt, John R. Moss, Adam Elshaug Jan 2014

Disinvestment Policy And The Public Funding Of Assisted Reproductive Technologies: Outcomes Of Deliberative Engagements With Three Key Stakeholder Groups, Katherine Hodgetts, Janet E. Hiller, Jackie M. Street, D Carter, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Amber M. Watt, John R. Moss, Adam Elshaug

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background

Measures to improve the quality and sustainability of healthcare practice and provision have become a policy concern. In addition, the involvement of stakeholders in health policy decision-making has been advocated, as complex questions arise around the structure of funding arrangements in a context of limited resources. Using a case study of assisted reproductive technologies (ART), deliberative engagements with a range of stakeholder groups were held on the topic of how best to structure the distribution of Australian public funding in this domain.

Methods

Deliberative engagements were carried out with groups of ART consumers, clinicians and community members. The forums …


How Western National Interest Drives Ebola Drug Development, Christopher J. Degeling Jan 2014

How Western National Interest Drives Ebola Drug Development, Christopher J. Degeling

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Ebola virus disease typically only occurs in rural and remote areas among resource-poor populations. Until the large, recent outbreak in West Africa, cases of the illness were a rarity.


Faith-Based Perspectives On The Use Of Chimeric Organisms For Medical Research., Christopher J. Degeling, Rob Irvine, Ian Kerridge Jan 2014

Faith-Based Perspectives On The Use Of Chimeric Organisms For Medical Research., Christopher J. Degeling, Rob Irvine, Ian Kerridge

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Efforts to advance our understanding of neurodegenerative diseases involve the creation chimeric organisms from human neural stem cells and primate embryos--known as prenatal chimeras. The existence of potential mentally complex beings with human and non-human neural apparatus raises fundamental questions as to the ethical permissibility of chimeric research and the moral status of the creatures it creates. Even as bioethicists find fewer reasons to be troubled by most types of chimeric organisms, social attitudes towards the non-human world are often influenced by religious beliefs. In this paper scholars representing eight major religious traditions provide a brief commentary on a hypothetical …


Building Capacity Through Ethical Understanding And Practice, Michaela Baker, Erin Corderoy, Laura Ann Hammersley, Kate Lloyd, Kathryn Mclachlan, Anne-Louise Semple, Karolyn L. White Jan 2014

Building Capacity Through Ethical Understanding And Practice, Michaela Baker, Erin Corderoy, Laura Ann Hammersley, Kate Lloyd, Kathryn Mclachlan, Anne-Louise Semple, Karolyn L. White

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Fostering ethical understanding and practice in Work Integrated Learning (WIL) and other forms of experiential learning is integral to preparing students for engagement with society beyond university (Campbell, 2011; Campbell & Zegwaard, 2011a; Campbell & Zegwaard, 2011b). Ethical practice is a fundamental aspect of Macquarie University's Professional and Community Engagement (PACE) initiative, and our research and practice to date have examined how ethical understanding can be translated into ethical practice by students (Baker et al., 2013). This paper details further developments in our endeavour to prepare students for ethical complexities and build their capacity to respond to them. It also …


Unintended Outcomes? Building Organisational Capacity With Pace International Partners, Kate Lloyd, Lindie Clark, Laura Ann Hammersley, Michaela Baker, Anna Powell, Felicity Rawlings-Sanaei Jan 2014

Unintended Outcomes? Building Organisational Capacity With Pace International Partners, Kate Lloyd, Lindie Clark, Laura Ann Hammersley, Michaela Baker, Anna Powell, Felicity Rawlings-Sanaei

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

PACE International is a component of Professional and Community Engagement (PACE), a Macquarie University-wide initiative that provides opportunities for students and staff to contribute to more just, inclusive and sustainable societies by engaging in activities with partner organisations in Australia and internationally. Underpinning PACE is a commitment to mutually beneficial learning and engagement. To align with this commitment, PACE-related research engages partner perspectives and those of students and academics. The dearth of scholarly research on partner perspectives of community engagement (Bringle, Clayton & Price, 2009) underscores this imperative. Drawing on interviews and focus groups with community partner representatives from Cambodia, …