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Full-Text Articles in Education

Enhancing Citizen Engagement In Cancer Screening Through Deliberative Democracy, Lucie Rychetnik, Stacy Carter, Julia Abelson, Hazel Thornton, Alexandra Barratt, Vikki A. Entwistle, Geraldine Mackenzie, Glenn P. Salkeld, Paul Glasziou Jan 2013

Enhancing Citizen Engagement In Cancer Screening Through Deliberative Democracy, Lucie Rychetnik, Stacy Carter, Julia Abelson, Hazel Thornton, Alexandra Barratt, Vikki A. Entwistle, Geraldine Mackenzie, Glenn P. Salkeld, Paul Glasziou

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Cancer screening is widely practiced and participation is promoted by various social, technical, and commercial drivers, but there are growing concerns about the emerging harms, risks, and costs of cancer screening. Deliberative democracy methods engage citizens in dialogue on substantial and complex problems: especially when evidence and values are important and people need time to understand and consider the relevant issues. Information derived from such deliberations can provide important guidance to cancer screening policies: citizens' values are made explicit, revealing what really matters to people and why. Policy makers can see what informed, rather than uninformed, citizens would decide on …


Jointly Constructing Semantic Waves: Implications For Teacher Training, Lucy Macnaught, Karl A. Maton, James Martin, Erika S. Matruglio Jan 2013

Jointly Constructing Semantic Waves: Implications For Teacher Training, Lucy Macnaught, Karl A. Maton, James Martin, Erika S. Matruglio

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper addresses how teachers can be trained to enable cumulative knowledge-building. It focuses on the final intervention stage of the Disciplinarity, Knowledge and Schooling (DISKS) project at the University of Sydney. In this special issue, Maton identifies ‘semantic waves’ as a crucial characteristic of teaching for cumulative knowledge-building; and Martin explores a ‘power trio’ of intertwining linguistic resources which contribute to the creation of these waves. This paper draws on these complementary theoretical frameworks from Legitimation Code Theory and Systemic Functional Linguistics to explore their implications for teacher training. Specifically, it links one Year 11 Biology teacher's experience of …


Identification Of Distinct Body Mass Index Trajectories In Australian Children, C A. Magee, P Caputi, Donald C. Iverson Jan 2013

Identification Of Distinct Body Mass Index Trajectories In Australian Children, C A. Magee, P Caputi, Donald C. Iverson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background A limited number of studies have demonstrated that there may be distinct developmental trajectories of obesity during childhood. Objective To identify distinct trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in a large sample of Australian children. Methods Participants included 4601 children aged 45 years at baseline, who were followed up at ages 67 years, 89 years and 1011 years. Height and weight were measured at each of these time points, and used to calculate BMI. Growth Mixture Modelling was used to identify the presence of distinct BMI trajectories. Results Four distinct trajectories were identified (i) High Risk Overweight; (ii) Early …


The Interrelations Among The Perception Of Parental Styles And Psychological Well-Being In Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study, Farnaz Shahimi, Patrick C. L Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi Jan 2013

The Interrelations Among The Perception Of Parental Styles And Psychological Well-Being In Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study, Farnaz Shahimi, Patrick C. L Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This longitudinal study aims to examine the relationships between the perception of parental style, hope, self-esteem and Eysenck's psychoticism dimension throughout the span of four years. The sample was composed of 884 students from the Wollongong Youth Study, which commenced when students entered high school. During the course of the 4 years of the study, each participant completed the test booklets each time data was collected. Data was analyzed using one way ANOVA, Post-hoc test, Repeated Measurement, Pearson and Partial Correlation and General Linear Model in order to provide the aims of the study. The mean score of hope and …


A Comprehensive Review Of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations: Lifetime Prevalence, Correlates And Mechanisms In Healthy And Clinical Individuals, Saskia De Leede-Smith, Emma Barkus Jan 2013

A Comprehensive Review Of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations: Lifetime Prevalence, Correlates And Mechanisms In Healthy And Clinical Individuals, Saskia De Leede-Smith, Emma Barkus

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Over the years, the prevalence of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) have been documented across the lifespan in varied contexts, and with a range of potential long-term outcomes. Initially the emphasis focused on whether AVHs conferred risk for psychosis. However, recent research has identified significant differences in the presentation and outcomes of AVH in patients compared to those in non-clinical populations. For this reason, it has been suggested that auditory hallucinations are an entity by themselves and not necessarily indicative of transition along the psychosis continuum. This review will examine the presentation of auditory hallucinations across the life span, as well …


Investigation Of The Relationship Between Sleep Duration, All-Cause Mortality, And Preexisting Disease, Christopher A. Magee, Elizabeth G. Holliday, John Attia, Leonard Kritharides, Emily Banks Jan 2013

Investigation Of The Relationship Between Sleep Duration, All-Cause Mortality, And Preexisting Disease, Christopher A. Magee, Elizabeth G. Holliday, John Attia, Leonard Kritharides, Emily Banks

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: To examine the relationship between sleep duration and mortality and to quantify the likely impact of residual confounding due to poor health status on any observed association. Methods: The sample included 227,815 Australian adults aged 45 years and older recruited from 2006– 2009 (the 45 and Up Study). Sleep duration and relevant covariates (e.g., health status, demographic factors) were assessed through a self-report questionnaire. These data were linked with mortality data from the New South Wales Registry of Births, Deaths, and Marriages up to December 2010 (mean follow-up period, 2.8 y). Cox proportional hazards models examined the relationship between …


Combining Realism With Rigour: Evaluation Of A National Kitchen Garden Program In Australian Primary Schools, Karen Quinsey, Deanne Condon-Paoloni, James Dawber, Simon Eckermann, David Fildes, Pamela Grootemaat, Darcy Morris, Wendy Nielsen, Heather Yeatman Jan 2013

Combining Realism With Rigour: Evaluation Of A National Kitchen Garden Program In Australian Primary Schools, Karen Quinsey, Deanne Condon-Paoloni, James Dawber, Simon Eckermann, David Fildes, Pamela Grootemaat, Darcy Morris, Wendy Nielsen, Heather Yeatman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper will report on the framework and methods developed to evaluate the implementation and impact of a national garden and kitchen program in Australia.


Nutritional Status, Biological Maturation And Cardiorespiratory Fitness In Azorean Youth Aged 11-15 Years, Manuel J. Coelho-E-Silva, Enio Vaz Ronque, Edilson S. Cyrino, Romulo A. Fernandes, Joao Valente-Dos-Santos, Aristides Machado-Rodrigues, Raul Martins, Antonio J. Figueiredo, Rute Santos, Robert M. Malina Jan 2013

Nutritional Status, Biological Maturation And Cardiorespiratory Fitness In Azorean Youth Aged 11-15 Years, Manuel J. Coelho-E-Silva, Enio Vaz Ronque, Edilson S. Cyrino, Romulo A. Fernandes, Joao Valente-Dos-Santos, Aristides Machado-Rodrigues, Raul Martins, Antonio J. Figueiredo, Rute Santos, Robert M. Malina

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background Sex and individual differences in biological maturity status can influence height, weight, and body fat. Thus, the rigorous control of these variables seems necessary for estimating overweight and obesity in adolescents. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity and over-fatness in Azorean adolescents and to examine the contributions of chronological age, sex, estimated maturity status, and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) to the risk of overweight and obesity and over-fatness. Methods The sample comprised 1,206 youth aged 11-15 years (626 boys and 580 girls) from the Azores Islands, Portugal. Body mass, stature, and skinfolds …


An Erp Investigation Of Specific Inhibition In Experienced Table Tennis Players, Dawei Zhang, Stuart Johnstone, Anmin Li Jan 2013

An Erp Investigation Of Specific Inhibition In Experienced Table Tennis Players, Dawei Zhang, Stuart Johnstone, Anmin Li

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Forget Children, Self-Regulating Ads Only Helps The Food Industry, Sandra C. Jones Jan 2013

Forget Children, Self-Regulating Ads Only Helps The Food Industry, Sandra C. Jones

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The food industry’s commitment to actually reducing inappropriate food marketing to children is called into question by a paper published today in the open-access journal PLOS ONE. Couple this with research published last week showing drinking soft drinks makes children aggressive, and you won’t be alone in thinking it’s time to do something about how junk food and kids mix.


What Evidence Exists For Initiatives To Reduce Risk And Incidence Of Sexual Violence In Armed Conflict And Other Humanitarian Crises? A Systematic Review, Jo Spangaro, Chinelo Adogu, Geetha Ranmuthugala, Gawaine Powell, Léa Steinacker, Anthony Zwi Jan 2013

What Evidence Exists For Initiatives To Reduce Risk And Incidence Of Sexual Violence In Armed Conflict And Other Humanitarian Crises? A Systematic Review, Jo Spangaro, Chinelo Adogu, Geetha Ranmuthugala, Gawaine Powell, Léa Steinacker, Anthony Zwi

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Sexual violence is highly prevalent in armed conflict and other humanitarian crises and attracting increasing policy and practice attention. This systematic review aimed to canvas the extent and impact of initiatives to reduce incidence, risk and harm from sexual violence in conflict, post-conflict and other humanitarian crises, in low and middle income countries. Twenty three bibliographic databases and 26 websites were searched, covering publications from 1990 to September 2011 using database-specific keywords for sexual violence and conflict or humanitarian crisis. The 40 included studies reported on seven strategy types: i) survivor care; ii) livelihood initiatives; iii) community mobilisation; iv) personnel …


How Do Dentists And Their Teams Incorporate Evidence About Preventive Care? An Empirical Study, Alexandra Sbaraini, Stacy M. Carter, R Wendell Evans, Anthony Blinkhorn Jan 2013

How Do Dentists And Their Teams Incorporate Evidence About Preventive Care? An Empirical Study, Alexandra Sbaraini, Stacy M. Carter, R Wendell Evans, Anthony Blinkhorn

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objectives To identify how dentists and their teams adopt evidence‐based preventive care. Methods A qualitative study using grounded theory methodology was conducted. We interviewed 23 participants working in eight dental practices about their experience and work processes, while adopting evidence‐based preventive care. During the study, Charmaz's grounded theory methodology was employed to examine the social process of adopting preventive dental care in dental practices. Charmaz's iteration of the constant comparative method was used during the data analysis. This involved coding of interview transcripts, detailed memo‐writing and drawing diagrams. The transcripts were analyzed as soon as possible after each round of …


Smoking Mull: A Grounded Theory Model On The Dynamics Of Combined Tobacco And Cannabis Use Among Men, A Banbury, Avigdor Zask, Stacy M. Carter, Eric Van Beurden, R Tokley, Megan Passey, Jan Copeland Jan 2013

Smoking Mull: A Grounded Theory Model On The Dynamics Of Combined Tobacco And Cannabis Use Among Men, A Banbury, Avigdor Zask, Stacy M. Carter, Eric Van Beurden, R Tokley, Megan Passey, Jan Copeland

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Issue addressed Australians' use of cannabis has been increasing. Over a third of Australians (35.4%) have used cannabis at some time in their lives and 10.3% are recent users. Almost two‐thirds of cannabis users combine cannabis with tobacco. The aim of this study was to understand the process of mulling - smoking tobacco and cannabis together - using a grounded theory approach. Methods Twenty‐one in‐depth semistructured interviews were conducted with men aged 25-34 and living on the North Coast of New South Wales. Interviews explored participants' smoking practices, histories and cessation attempts. Results A model describing mulling behaviour and the …


Community Knowledge, Behaviours And Attitudes About The 2009 H1n1 Influenza Pandemic: A Systematic Review, Rebecca Tooher, Joanne Collins, Jackie M. Street, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Helen S. Marshall Jan 2013

Community Knowledge, Behaviours And Attitudes About The 2009 H1n1 Influenza Pandemic: A Systematic Review, Rebecca Tooher, Joanne Collins, Jackie M. Street, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Helen S. Marshall

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background

Effectiveness of pandemic plans and community compliance was extensively researched following the H1N1 pandemic. This systematic review examined community response studies to determine whether behavioural responses to the pandemic were related to level of knowledge about the pandemic, perceived severity of the pandemic and level of concern about the pandemic.

Methods

Literature databases were searched from March 2009 to August 2011 and included cross‐sectional or repeated population surveys undertaken during or following the H1N1 pandemic which reported on community response to the pandemic. Studies using population subgroups and other respiratory diseases were excluded, as were mathematical modelling and qualitative …


It's A Dog's Life When Man's Best Friend Becomes His Fattest, Christopher J. Degeling Jan 2013

It's A Dog's Life When Man's Best Friend Becomes His Fattest, Christopher J. Degeling

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

A study published this morning in Nature offers further insight into how dogs became domesticated. The comparative analysis of human, canine and wolf genomes suggests that humans and dogs have evolved in parallel as a response to the increasingly starchy diets on offer after the agricultural revolution. Such a wholesale change in diet has not necessarily been benign for either species.


Public Health Ethics And A Status For Pets As Person-Things: Revisiting The Place Of Animals In Urbanized Societies, Melanie Rock, Christopher J. Degeling Jan 2013

Public Health Ethics And A Status For Pets As Person-Things: Revisiting The Place Of Animals In Urbanized Societies, Melanie Rock, Christopher J. Degeling

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Within the field of medical ethics, discussions related to public health have mainly concentrated on issues that are closely tied to research and practice involving technologies and professional services, including vaccination, screening, and insurance coverage. Broader determinants of population health have received less attention, although this situation is rapidly changing. Against this backdrop, our specific contribution to the literature on ethics and law vis-à-vis promoting population health is to open up the ubiquitous presence of pets within cities and towns for further discussion. An expanding body of research suggests that pet animals are deeply relevant to people's health (negatively and …


'It Was Not Just A Walking Experience': Reflections On The Role Of Care In Dog-Walking, Christopher J. Degeling, Melanie Rock Jan 2013

'It Was Not Just A Walking Experience': Reflections On The Role Of Care In Dog-Walking, Christopher J. Degeling, Melanie Rock

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Research into physical activity and human health has recently begun to attend to dog-walking. This study extends the literature on dog-walking as a health behaviour by conceptualizing dog-walking as a caring practice. It centres on qualitative interviews with 11 Canadian dog-owners. All participants resided in urban neighbourhoods identified through previous quantitative research as conducive to dog-walking. Canine characteristics, including breed and age, were found to influence people's physical activity. The health of the dog and its position in the life-course influenced patterns of dog-walking. Frequency, duration and spatial patterns of dog-walking all depended on relationships and people's capacity to tap …


Hendra In The News: Public Policy Meets Public Morality In Times Of Zoonotic Uncertainty, Christopher J. Degeling, Ian Kerridge Jan 2013

Hendra In The News: Public Policy Meets Public Morality In Times Of Zoonotic Uncertainty, Christopher J. Degeling, Ian Kerridge

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Public discourses have influence on policymaking for emerging health issues. Media representations of unfolding events, scientific uncertainty, and real and perceived risks shape public acceptance of health policy and therefore policy outcomes. To characterize and track views in popular circulation on the causes, consequences and appropriate policy responses to the emergence of Hendra virus as a zoonotic risk, this study examines coverage of this issue in Australian mass media for the period 2007-2011. Results demonstrate the predominant explanation for the emergence of Hendra became the encroachment of flying fox populations on human settlement. Depictions of scientific uncertainty as to whom …


Community-Based Service-Learning: Partnerships Of Reciprocal Exchange?, Laura Ann Hammersley Jan 2013

Community-Based Service-Learning: Partnerships Of Reciprocal Exchange?, Laura Ann Hammersley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Community-based service-learning (CBSL) integrates experiential learning and academic goals with organized activities designed to meet the objectives of community partners. CBSL has potential to enhance (1) academic learning, (2) foster civic responsibility, (3) develop life skills and (4) transform student attitudes. However, little research supports claims that benefits are mutual amongst host counterparts. A lack of empirical research into community partner conceptualizations of best practice approaches and impacts, reflects a uni-dimensional understanding of the mutuality of programs, and fails to challenge dominant power relations embedded in traditionally uneven partnerships. It remains problematic to engage with service-learning without considering neocolonialist ideologies …


Ethical Practice In Learning Through Participation: Showcasing And Evaluating The Pace Ethical Practice Module, Michaela Baker, Alison Beale, Laura Ann Hammersley, Kate Lloyd, Anne-Louise Semple, Karolyn L. White Jan 2013

Ethical Practice In Learning Through Participation: Showcasing And Evaluating The Pace Ethical Practice Module, Michaela Baker, Alison Beale, Laura Ann Hammersley, Kate Lloyd, Anne-Louise Semple, Karolyn L. White

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In 2008, Macquarie University instituted the Participation and Community Engagement (PACE) initiative. This initiative embeds units in the curriculum that involve learning through participation (LTP) that is mutually beneficial to the student, the University and the organisation or community in which student participation activities take place. Ethical practice is thus an integral part of this initiative. The issue of ethical practice in LTP 'has not been comprehensively addressed in the literature to date' and warrants further examination. This paper discusses the development of the innovative PACE Ethical Practice Module to teach ethical practice in participation units. We evaluate the effectiveness …


A Journal For And With Health Promotion Practitioners And Researchers, Stacy M. Carter, Jonine Jancey Jan 2013

A Journal For And With Health Promotion Practitioners And Researchers, Stacy M. Carter, Jonine Jancey

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Editorial


A Public Health Ethics Approach To Non-Communicable Diseases, Stacy M. Carter, Lucie Rychetnik Jan 2013

A Public Health Ethics Approach To Non-Communicable Diseases, Stacy M. Carter, Lucie Rychetnik

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Symposium editorial


Individual And Contextual Factors Shaping Teachers' Attitudes And Responses To Bullying Among Young Children: Is Education Important?, Philippa Small, Cathrine Marguerite Neilsen-Hewett, Naomi Sweller Jan 2013

Individual And Contextual Factors Shaping Teachers' Attitudes And Responses To Bullying Among Young Children: Is Education Important?, Philippa Small, Cathrine Marguerite Neilsen-Hewett, Naomi Sweller

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This study examined how pre- and post-service early childhood teachers' beliefs and responses to bullying among young children differ by level of qualification, type of bullying and whether or not it was witnessed. Results showed 1st and 4th-year student- and diploma-qualified teachers perceived acts of physical bullying to be more serious than verbal or relational bullying to a greater extent than did degree-qualified teachers. Degree-qualified teachers were less susceptible to bullying type and indicated they would be more likely to intervene than the other three groups. Results are discussed in relation to their implication for teaching practice and the content …


Assessment Of Psychosocial Outcomes In Adolescents And Young Adults With Cancer: A Systematic Review Of Available Instruments, Claire E. Wakefield, Pandora Patterson, Fiona Ej Mcdonald, Helen L. Wilson, Esther L. Davis, Ursula Sansom-Daly Jan 2013

Assessment Of Psychosocial Outcomes In Adolescents And Young Adults With Cancer: A Systematic Review Of Available Instruments, Claire E. Wakefield, Pandora Patterson, Fiona Ej Mcdonald, Helen L. Wilson, Esther L. Davis, Ursula Sansom-Daly

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Given the burgeoning body of research relating to the psychosocial needs of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer, this review aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties and appropriateness of the instruments available for use in this unique population. Specifically, we reviewed published instruments developed to assess psychological distress (depression, anxiety, stress, and fear of recurrence), psychological growth (resilience, posttraumatic growth, and benefit finding), unmet needs, coping, quality of life, identity, and mindfulness-based practices and skills in AYAs with cancer. Given the dearth of validated instruments targeting AYAs with cancer, this review also provides a summary of promising measures yet …


Is An Independent West Papuan State Possible?, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon Jan 2013

Is An Independent West Papuan State Possible?, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The very unpredictability of politics is the greatest hope for those seeking an independent West Papuan state. Here, some of the key issues occupying West Papuan nationalists and observers of the region's politics are addressed, including whether West Papuans are entitled to their own state; whether such a state would be politically and economically viable; and what chance Papuans have of forging their national vision into a constitutional reality.


West Papua Making Waves, Jim Elmslie, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Peter King Jan 2013

West Papua Making Waves, Jim Elmslie, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Peter King

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The front pages of Australian newspapers have been awash with stories about asylum seekers travelling to our shores from Indonesia and the newly elected Abbott government's attempts to stop them. The tensions that have developed between Australia and Indonesia as a result have been well canvassed. The prominence of this issue has tended to overshadow a major development in regional geo-politics: the rise of West Papuan diplomacy and its consequences, specifically the aggressive entry of Indonesia into the domestic politics of the Melanesian countries.


Developing Aspiration, Pathways And Access, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea, Paul A. Chandler Jan 2013

Developing Aspiration, Pathways And Access, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea, Paul A. Chandler

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Keynote presentation made at The 5th Social Inclusion in Higher Education Conference, 2-3 December 2013, Sydney, Australia


Youth Gangs In A Remote Indigenous Community: Importance Of Cultural Authority And Family Support, Teresa Cunningham, Bill Ivory, Richard D. Chenhall, Rachel M. Mcmahon, Kate Senior Jan 2013

Youth Gangs In A Remote Indigenous Community: Importance Of Cultural Authority And Family Support, Teresa Cunningham, Bill Ivory, Richard D. Chenhall, Rachel M. Mcmahon, Kate Senior

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The Indigenous community of Wadeye in the Northern Territory, Australia has been described as a community 'under siege from continual gang violence' (Rioting flares again at Wadeye. The Australian 7 August; Gang violence plagues Wadeye. ABC News 1 December; Wadeye worst in 50 years. NT News 2 November). The gangs appear to have emerged in the early 1980s and are generally defined through youth aligning themselves along cultural, clan and family affiliations into groups with contemporary Americanised gang characteristics, symbolic links with heavy metal music and clearly defined turf boundaries. Although they do engage in some relatively minor drug (predominately …


Investigating The Collection Efficiency Of Ulpa Filters For The Removal Of Nano-Sized Aerosols, G R. Moradi, A Sadighzadeh, R Yarahmadi, Shahnaz Bakand, A A. Farshad, B Rzaiipour, S Musavi, M Solhi Jan 2013

Investigating The Collection Efficiency Of Ulpa Filters For The Removal Of Nano-Sized Aerosols, G R. Moradi, A Sadighzadeh, R Yarahmadi, Shahnaz Bakand, A A. Farshad, B Rzaiipour, S Musavi, M Solhi

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background and aims: With the increasing application of nanotechnology concerns about the negative effects of human exposure and environmental releases of these particles is also doubled. Among the most well-known media, ULPA filters are used to control nanoparticles. In this study, the efficiency and pressure drop of ULPA fiber bed for collection and removal of nanoparticles were investigated. Methods: ULPA filter efficiency and pressure drop was measured by using nano-scale aerosol particle size range 70 -700 nm sucrose at different flow rates 1.58 - 5 cm.s -1. The ULPA filter used had a thickness of 0.4 mm. A cylindrical …


Validation Of The Dynamic Direct Exposure Method For Toxicity Testing Of Diesel Exhaust In Vitro, Lucky Joeng, Amanda Hayes, Shahnaz Bakand Jan 2013

Validation Of The Dynamic Direct Exposure Method For Toxicity Testing Of Diesel Exhaust In Vitro, Lucky Joeng, Amanda Hayes, Shahnaz Bakand

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Diesel exhaust emission is a major health concern because of the complex nature of its gaseous content (e.g., NO2, NO, CO, and CO2) and high concentration of particulate matter (PM) less than 2.5 μm which allows for deeper penetration into the human pulmonary system upon inhalation. The aim of this research was to elucidate the potential toxic effects of diesel exhaust on a human pulmonary-based cellular system. Validation of a dynamic direct exposure method for both laboratory (230 hp Volvo truck engine) and field (Volkswagen Passat passenger car) diesel engines, at idle mode, was implemented. Human …