Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 31 - 60 of 2159

Full-Text Articles in Education

Low Levels Of After School-Hours Social Interaction And Physical Activity Of 5-7 Year Olds, Anita C. Bundy, Lina Engelen, Geraldine A. Naughton, Shirley Wyver Jan 2018

Low Levels Of After School-Hours Social Interaction And Physical Activity Of 5-7 Year Olds, Anita C. Bundy, Lina Engelen, Geraldine A. Naughton, Shirley Wyver

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

As part of a cluster randomized controlled trial (Bundy et al., 2017), the after school-hours activities of 5-7 year old children were recorded by parents and other adult carers on four consecutive weekdays between 3:30pm-7:00pm. Records of time use showed most time was spent indoors in activities involving low levels of physical activity. The most-frequently-recorded activity was screen time, accounting for approximately one quarter of all activities. Higher levels of physical activity were reported when children were outdoors (19.5% of time) and/or with peers (9.58%). If an adult was present, highest activity levels of children ...


Residential Green Space Quantity And Quality And Symptoms Of Psychological Distress: A 15-Year Longitudinal Study Of 3897 Women In Postpartum, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas E. Astell-Burt Jan 2018

Residential Green Space Quantity And Quality And Symptoms Of Psychological Distress: A 15-Year Longitudinal Study Of 3897 Women In Postpartum, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas E. Astell-Burt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Experiments and large-scale epidemiological studies indicate the importance of green space for mental health. However, little research has been conducted to elucidate whether these mental health benefits are more dependent upon the quantity or quality of the green space. Methods: Symptoms of psychological distress were measured in 3897 women who did not change neighbourhood up to 15 years postpartum using the Kessler 6 psychological distress scale from 2004 onwards. The percentage land-use of the neighbourhood was used to ascertain a measure of green space quantity. A Likert scale was used to measure green space quality in response to the ...


A Narrative Review Of School-Based Physical Activity For Enhancing Cognition And Learning: The Importance Of Relevancy And Integration, Myrto-Foteini Mavilidi, Margina Ruiter, Mirko Schmidt, Anthony D. Okely, Sofie M. M Loyens, Paul A. Chandler, Fred Paas Jan 2018

A Narrative Review Of School-Based Physical Activity For Enhancing Cognition And Learning: The Importance Of Relevancy And Integration, Myrto-Foteini Mavilidi, Margina Ruiter, Mirko Schmidt, Anthony D. Okely, Sofie M. M Loyens, Paul A. Chandler, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Engaging in regular physical activity can have substantial cognitive and academic benefits for children, and is generally promoted for its beneficial effects on children's physical and mental health. Although embodied cognition research has convincingly shown the integral relationship of the human body and mind, in schools physical activity and cognitive activity are typically treated as unrelated processes. Consequently, most physical activities used are neither sufficiently relevant for nor fully integrated into the learning tasks. In reviewing the literature regarding the integration of physical activity into education to promote cognition and learning, two main lines of research emerged: exercise and ...


How Much Free Sugar Do Australians Consume? Findings From A National Survey, Adyya Gupta, Lisa Smithers, A J. Braunack-Mayer, Jane Harford Jan 2018

How Much Free Sugar Do Australians Consume? Findings From A National Survey, Adyya Gupta, Lisa Smithers, A J. Braunack-Mayer, Jane Harford

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: To identify the characteristics of Australian adults exceeding the World Health Organization’s free sugar (FS) intake recommendations of <10% and compare the sources of FS among those exceeding (high FS consumers) and complying (low FS consumers) with the recommendations. Method: Nationally weighted data from the Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-12 was used to describe the proportions of FS consumption and sources of FS among adults aged ≥18 years (n=9,435) across demographic, socioeconomic and health behavioural subgroups. Six categories of food groups likely to contain FS were generated and analysed. Results: Almost half of all adults (47%) were high FS consumers. More than one-third of adults in each demographic, socioeconomic and health behaviour subgroup were high FS consumers. Of the food groups containing FS, beverages contributed the most FS (37%), particularly for young adults (48%). High FS consumers obtained twice as much FS from beverages (42%) than low FS consumers (21%). A reverse age gradient was observed for the FS sourced from beverages. Conclusions: Almost half the Australians surveyed exceeded the FS intake recommendations. Sugary beverages were the largest source of FS, with young adults being the highest consumers. Implications for public health: Whole population strategies targeting beverages could possibly reduce Australia’s high sugar intake.


Manual Handling In Aged Care: Impact Of Environment-Related Interventions On Mobility, Robyn Coman, Carlo Caponecchia, Andrew S. Mcintosh Jan 2018

Manual Handling In Aged Care: Impact Of Environment-Related Interventions On Mobility, Robyn Coman, Carlo Caponecchia, Andrew S. Mcintosh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The manual handling of people (MHP) is known to be associated with high incidence of musculoskeletal disorders for aged care staff. Environment-related MHP interventions, such as appropriate seated heights to aid sit-to-stand transfers, can reduce staff injury while improving the patient's mobility. Promoting patient mobility within the manual handling interaction is an endorsed MHP risk control intervention strategy. This article provides a narrative review of the types of MHP environmental controls that can improve mobility, as well as the extent to which these environmental controls are considered in MHP risk management and assessment tools. Although a range of possible ...


Opioid Use And Harms Associated With A Sustained-Release Tapentadol Formulation: A Postmarketing Study Protocol, Amy Peacock, Briony K. Larance, Michael P. Farrell, Rose Cairns, Nicholas A. Buckley, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2018

Opioid Use And Harms Associated With A Sustained-Release Tapentadol Formulation: A Postmarketing Study Protocol, Amy Peacock, Briony K. Larance, Michael P. Farrell, Rose Cairns, Nicholas A. Buckley, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction It has been argued that tapentadol may pharmacologically have lower abuse potential than other pharmaceutical opioids currently available. However, there has been no comprehensive triangulation of data regarding use and harms associated with this formulation. A sustained-release formulation (SRF) of tapentadol (Palexia) was released in Australia in 2011 and listed for public subsidy in 2013. We summarise here the methods of a postmarketing study which will measure postintroduction: (1) population level availability, (2) extramedical use and diversion, (3) attractiveness for extramedical use and (4) associated harms, of tapentadol compared against other pharmaceutical opioids. Methods and analysis We evaluated key ...


Rupaul's Drag Race Is Still Figuring Out How To Handle Gender And Race, Scott J. Mckinnon Jan 2018

Rupaul's Drag Race Is Still Figuring Out How To Handle Gender And Race, Scott J. Mckinnon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

For a reality TV show about a queer subculture, RuPaul's Drag Race has achieved extraordinary success. In the show, which winds up another series this Friday, drag queens compete to be named "America's Next Drag Superstar". Across 13 seasons (including three of RuPaul's Drag Race All Stars) it has graduated from niche programming on the LGBT cable station Logo to a mainstream, award-winning hit on the widely viewed VH1. In Australia, the show streams on Stan and is often highlighted as a drawcard in its ad campaigns. The show's wit and glamour go some way to ...


Transformative Mobilities In The Pacific: Promoting Adaptation And Development In A Changing Climate, Carol Farbotko, Celia Mcmichael, Olivia V. Dun, Hedda Ransan-Cooper, Karen Elizabeth Mcnamara, Fanny Thornton Jan 2018

Transformative Mobilities In The Pacific: Promoting Adaptation And Development In A Changing Climate, Carol Farbotko, Celia Mcmichael, Olivia V. Dun, Hedda Ransan-Cooper, Karen Elizabeth Mcnamara, Fanny Thornton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Climate change is affecting Pacific life in significant and complex ways. Human mobility is shaped by climate change and is increasingly positioned by international agencies, policymakers, and governments as having an important role in both climate change adaptation and human development. We consider the potential for human mobility to promote adaptation and development among Pacific people in a changing climate. We argue that where Pacific people choose mobility, this should be supported and create opportunities that are responsive to the histories and existing patterns of mobility and place attachment among Pacific Islanders; commence from a position of climate and development ...


Unhealthy Food And Non-Alcoholic Beverage Advertising On Children's, Youth And Family Free-To-Air And Digital Television Programmes In Thailand, Nongnuch Jaichuen, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Bridget Kelly, Vuthiphan Vongmongkol, Sirinya Phulkerd, Viroj Tangcharoensathien Jan 2018

Unhealthy Food And Non-Alcoholic Beverage Advertising On Children's, Youth And Family Free-To-Air And Digital Television Programmes In Thailand, Nongnuch Jaichuen, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Bridget Kelly, Vuthiphan Vongmongkol, Sirinya Phulkerd, Viroj Tangcharoensathien

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Food advertising is a key factor which influences children's food preferences. This study assessed the rates, nutritional quality and contents of food and beverage advertising in children's, youth and family television programmes in Thailand. Methods: Free TV was recorded for two weeks in March 2014 from six to ten am and three to eight pm on weekends and three to eight pm on weekdays across all four channels; a total of 344 h recorded. Digital TV was recorded across three channels for one week for 24 h per day in October 2014; a total 504 h recorded ...


Importance Of Welfare And Ethics Competence Regarding Animals Kept For Scientific Purposes To Veterinary Students In Australia And New Zealand, Teresa Collins, Amelia Cornish, Jennifer Hood, Christopher J. Degeling, Andrew D. Fisher, Rafael Freire, Susan J. Hazel, Jane Johnson, Janice Lloyd, Clive J. C Phillips, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul Mcgreevy Jan 2018

Importance Of Welfare And Ethics Competence Regarding Animals Kept For Scientific Purposes To Veterinary Students In Australia And New Zealand, Teresa Collins, Amelia Cornish, Jennifer Hood, Christopher J. Degeling, Andrew D. Fisher, Rafael Freire, Susan J. Hazel, Jane Johnson, Janice Lloyd, Clive J. C Phillips, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul Mcgreevy

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Veterinarians are in a strong position of social influence on animal-related issues. Hence, veterinary schools have an opportunity to raise animal health and welfare standards by improving veterinary students' animal welfare and ethics (AWE) education, including that related to animals used for scientific purposes. A survey of 818 students in the early, mid, and senior stages of their courses at all eight veterinary schools across Australia and New Zealand was undertaken on their first day of practice (or Day One Competences) to explore how veterinary students viewed the importance of their competence in the management of welfare and ethical decision-making ...


Reflective Practice As A Research Method For Co-Creating Curriculum With International Partner Organisations, Rebecca H. Bilous, Laura Ann Hammersley, Kate Lloyd Jan 2018

Reflective Practice As A Research Method For Co-Creating Curriculum With International Partner Organisations, Rebecca H. Bilous, Laura Ann Hammersley, Kate Lloyd

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Within work-integrated learning (WIL), partner communities and organisations are increasingly seen as co-educators, but not often as collaborators of research inquiry (Hammersley, 2012; 2015). This paper reflects on the research methods employed to engage partner organisations in the co-creation of curriculum to support international WIL activities in a way that recognises the valuable expertise, knowledge and skills of international community partners. In particular, it focuses on the specific role of reflection as a research method that enabled participants from diverse cultural and experiential backgrounds to critically and collectively explore the co-creation process. This paper shares the different ways reflection was ...


Perceived Facilitators And Barriers In Response To A Walking Intervention In Rural Cancer Survivors: A Qualitative Exploration, Lauren J. Frensham, Gaynor C. Parfitt, Rebecca M. Stanley, James Dollman Jan 2018

Perceived Facilitators And Barriers In Response To A Walking Intervention In Rural Cancer Survivors: A Qualitative Exploration, Lauren J. Frensham, Gaynor C. Parfitt, Rebecca M. Stanley, James Dollman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Physical activity has numerous associated benefits for cancer survivors. Compared to their urban counterparts, rural and remote Australians experience a health disadvantage, including poorer survival rate after the diagnosis of cancer. The purpose of this qualitative study was to (a) investigate factors that motivated or inhibited walking in rural participants during a 12-week intervention and (b) to investigate factors that motivated or inhibited physical activity behavior change three months post-intervention. Ten cancer survivors living in rural areas of South Australia participated in a 12-week computer-delivered walking-based intervention during which they reported daily steps, daily affect, and ratings of perceived exertion ...


Factors Associated With Under-Five Mortality In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The Bhutan National Health Survey 2012, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Deki Dema Jan 2018

Factors Associated With Under-Five Mortality In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The Bhutan National Health Survey 2012, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Deki Dema

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: As an important marker for health equity and access, under-five mortality (UFM) is a primary measure for socioeconomic development. The importance of reducing UFM has been further emphasized in an ambitious target under Sustainable Development Goals. The factors influencing UFM are not adequately understood in Bhutan. Methods: The most recent dataset of the Bhutan National Health Survey (BNHS) 2012 was used in this study. Multiple logistic regression analysis using a backwards elimination approach was performed to identify significant factors influencing UFM. All statistical analyses were adjusted for the complex study design due to the multistage stratified cluster sampling used ...


Life After Bushfire: Post-Traumatic Stress, Coping And Post-Traumatic Growth, Jackie Hooper, Lynne E. Magor-Blatch, Navjot Bhullar Jan 2018

Life After Bushfire: Post-Traumatic Stress, Coping And Post-Traumatic Growth, Jackie Hooper, Lynne E. Magor-Blatch, Navjot Bhullar

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction Research suggests that post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms are common after the experience of bushfire. However, the ways in which individuals cope with, positively grow from, and find benefit in the adverse circumstances of bushfire in Australia has not been adequately explored. The main objective of this study is to assess the relationship between PTS, coping strategies and post-traumatic growth, in a sample of Australian community members affected by a bushfire event. Methods Sixty-five participants (mean age 40.66 years, SD=13.57), who had previously experienced a bushfire event in Australia, responded to an anonymous online survey. Results Results ...


The Network Structure Of Schizotypal Personality Traits, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, J Ortuno-Sierra, M Debbane, Raymond Chan, D C. Cicero, L C. Zhang, C Brenner, Emma Barkus, R J. Linscott, T Kwapil, Neus Barrantes-Vidal, Alex S. Cohen, Adrian Raine, Michael Compton, Erin B. Tone, Julie Suhr, Felix Inchausti, Julio Bobes, Axit Fumero, Stella Giakoumaki, Ioannis Tsaousis, Antonio Preti, Michael Chmielewski, Julien Laloyaux, Anwar Mechri, Mohamed Lahmar, Viviana Wuthrich, Frank Laroi, Johanna C. Badcock, Assen Jablensky, Adela Isvoranu, Sacha Epskamp, Eiko Fried Jan 2018

The Network Structure Of Schizotypal Personality Traits, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, J Ortuno-Sierra, M Debbane, Raymond Chan, D C. Cicero, L C. Zhang, C Brenner, Emma Barkus, R J. Linscott, T Kwapil, Neus Barrantes-Vidal, Alex S. Cohen, Adrian Raine, Michael Compton, Erin B. Tone, Julie Suhr, Felix Inchausti, Julio Bobes, Axit Fumero, Stella Giakoumaki, Ioannis Tsaousis, Antonio Preti, Michael Chmielewski, Julien Laloyaux, Anwar Mechri, Mohamed Lahmar, Viviana Wuthrich, Frank Laroi, Johanna C. Badcock, Assen Jablensky, Adela Isvoranu, Sacha Epskamp, Eiko Fried

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Elucidating schizotypal traits is important if we are to understand the various manifestations of psychosis spectrum liability and to reliably identify individuals at high risk for psychosis. The present study examined the network structures of (1) 9 schizotypal personality domains and (2) 74 individual schizotypal items, and (3) explored whether networks differed across gender and culture (North America vs China). The study was conducted in a sample of 27001 participants from 12 countries and 21 sites (M age = 22.12; SD = 6.28; 37.5% males). The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) was used to assess 74 self-report items aggregated in ...


Cash Transfers For Hiv Prevention: What Do Young Women Spend It On? Mixed Methods Findings From Hptn 068, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Nomhle Khoza, Amanda Selin, Aimee Julien, Rhian Twine, Ryan Wagner, Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Jing Wang, Audrey Pettifor Jan 2018

Cash Transfers For Hiv Prevention: What Do Young Women Spend It On? Mixed Methods Findings From Hptn 068, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Nomhle Khoza, Amanda Selin, Aimee Julien, Rhian Twine, Ryan Wagner, Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Jing Wang, Audrey Pettifor

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Social grants have been found to have an impact on health and wellbeing in multiple settings. Who receives the grant, however, has been the subject of discussion with regards to how the money is spent and who benefits from the grant. Methods: Using survey data from 1214 young women who were in the intervention arm and completed at least one annual visit in the HPTN 068 trial, and qualitative interview data from a subset of 38 participants, we examined spending of a cash transfer provided to young women conditioned on school attendance. Results: We found that spending was largely ...


Cash Transfer Interventions For Sexual Health: Meanings And Experiences Of Adolescent Males And Females In Inner-City Johannesburg, Nomhle Khoza, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine L. Macphail, Admire Chikandiwa, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe Jan 2018

Cash Transfer Interventions For Sexual Health: Meanings And Experiences Of Adolescent Males And Females In Inner-City Johannesburg, Nomhle Khoza, Jonathan Stadler, Catherine L. Macphail, Admire Chikandiwa, Heena Brahmbhatt, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background In sub-Saharan Africa, there is growing interest in the use of cash transfer (CT) programs for HIV treatment and prevention. However, there is limited evidence of the consequences related to CT provision to adolescents in low-resourced urban settings. We explored the experiences of adolescents receiving CTs to assess the acceptability and unintended consequences of CT strategies in urban Johannesburg, South Africa. Methods We collected qualitative data during a pilot randomized controlled trial of three CT strategies (monthly payments unconditional vs. conditional on school attendance vs. a once-off payment conditional on a clinic visit) involving 120 adolescents aged 16-18 years ...


Role Of Sleep Duration And Sleep-Related Problems In The Metabolic Syndrome Among Children And Adolescents, Leonardo Pulido-Arjona, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos, Maria Correa-Rodriguez, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Robinson Ramirez-Velez Jan 2018

Role Of Sleep Duration And Sleep-Related Problems In The Metabolic Syndrome Among Children And Adolescents, Leonardo Pulido-Arjona, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos, Maria Correa-Rodriguez, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso, Robinson Ramirez-Velez

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: There is increasing recognition that sleep is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between self-reported sleep duration, sleep-related problems and the presence of MetS in children and adolescents from Bogotá, D.C., Colombia. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analysis from the FUPRECOL study (2014-15). Participants included 2779 (54.2% girls) youth from Bogota (Colombia). MetS was defined as the presence of ≥3 of the metabolic abnormalities (hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-c], hypertension, and increased waist circumference) according to the criteria of de Ferranti/Magge and ...


With Apartment Living On The Rise, How Do Families And Their Noisy Children Fit In?, Sophie-May Kerr Jan 2018

With Apartment Living On The Rise, How Do Families And Their Noisy Children Fit In?, Sophie-May Kerr

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A growing number of Australians live in apartments. The compact city model presents many benefits. However, living close to each other also presents challenges. Rapid growth in apartment developments in recent decades has led to a rise in noise-related complaints and disputes across urban Australia. Households with children are on the front line of such tensions. They are one of the fastest-growing demographics living in apartments. Analysis of the latest census data show, for instance, that families with children under the age of 15 comprise 25% of Sydney's apartment population. Apartment design and cultural acceptance of families in the ...


Tren Hidup Di Apartemen Terus Meningkat, Bagaimana Keluarga Dengan Anak Kecil Beradaptasi?, Sophie-May Kerr Jan 2018

Tren Hidup Di Apartemen Terus Meningkat, Bagaimana Keluarga Dengan Anak Kecil Beradaptasi?, Sophie-May Kerr

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Di Sydney, satu dari empat penghuni apartemen merupakan keluarga dengan anak. Tetapi desain serta bayangan akan kehidupan di apartemen belum mengimbangi perubahan demografi yang pesat ini.


Conceptualising Technology Practice In Education Using Bourdieu's Sociology, Karley A. Beckman, Tiffani L. Apps, Sue Bennett, Lori Lockyer Jan 2018

Conceptualising Technology Practice In Education Using Bourdieu's Sociology, Karley A. Beckman, Tiffani L. Apps, Sue Bennett, Lori Lockyer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Evidence from large-scale studies of primary and secondary students' technology practices at school over the last decade show disparities in student practices and suggest that schools need to do more to cater for all students. Research that explores the influence of social and cultural factors may be useful for understanding such inequality in student practice. Bourdieu's theory of practice [(1977). Outline of a Theory of Practice. London: Cambridge University Press] is proposed as an example of a sociological theory that can be adopted in educational technology research to move towards understanding the wider complexities of technology practice. To encourage ...


Identifying The Characteristics Of Support Australian University Teachers Use In Their Design Work: Implications For The Learning Design Field, Shirley Agostinho, Lori Lockyer, Sue Bennett Jan 2018

Identifying The Characteristics Of Support Australian University Teachers Use In Their Design Work: Implications For The Learning Design Field, Shirley Agostinho, Lori Lockyer, Sue Bennett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Quality teaching is a strategic objective for universities; thus, there is an expectation that university teachers design high quality learning experience for their students. The field of learning design has developed over the past 15 years as a way to support teachers in their design work. There has been significant research and development work that has focused on creating support tools to help teachers plan, develop and deliver learning experiences. However, little is known about what supports teachers access and use when they design and overall how teachers undertake their design work. This paper presents the findings from a qualitative ...


Strategies Of Policy Advocacy Organizations And Their Theoretical Affinities: Evidence From Q-Methodology, Sheldon Gen, Amy Conley Wright Jan 2018

Strategies Of Policy Advocacy Organizations And Their Theoretical Affinities: Evidence From Q-Methodology, Sheldon Gen, Amy Conley Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Policy advocacy is an increasingly important function for many nonprofit organizations, yet their advocacy activities have largely escaped theoretical grounding. The literature on nonprofits has described how they engage in policy advocacy, without linking them to theories of policy change. The policy studies literature, on the other hand, has explained how various forms of influence result in policy change, but has largely ignored organizational perspectives on those processes. These two literatures remain largely disconnected. Drawing upon interviews with a purposive sample of policy advocacy directors at 31 nonprofit organizations, this study applies Q-methodology to identify and describe six distinct policy ...


'Our Lives' And 'Life Happens', From Stigma To Empathy In Young People's Depictions Of Sexual Health And Relationships, Kate Senior, Laura Grozdanovski, Richard D. Chenhall, Stephen Minton Jan 2018

'Our Lives' And 'Life Happens', From Stigma To Empathy In Young People's Depictions Of Sexual Health And Relationships, Kate Senior, Laura Grozdanovski, Richard D. Chenhall, Stephen Minton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article describes qualitative research undertaken to explore young people's understanding of sex and relationships that used a scenario-driven body-mapping technique. This art-based method was designed to allow young people to think deeply about the subject and build upon each other's ideas through the medium of decorating a life-sized human body. Although this method produced rich information the depictions of young people tended to be highly stigmatized. We further refined the method to encourage young people to empathize with the character that they created and the resultant research became the basis for the sexual health resource 'Life Happens'.


Therapeutic Effects Of Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment On Psychological Symptoms And Cognitive Function In Regular Cannabis Users: A Pragmatic Open-Label Clinical Trial, Nadia Solowij, Samantha J. Broyd, Camilla Beale, Julie-Anne Prick, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Chao Suo, Peter Galettis, Nagesh B. Pai, Shanlin Fu, Rodney J. Croft, Jennifer H. Martin, Murat Yucel Jan 2018

Therapeutic Effects Of Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment On Psychological Symptoms And Cognitive Function In Regular Cannabis Users: A Pragmatic Open-Label Clinical Trial, Nadia Solowij, Samantha J. Broyd, Camilla Beale, Julie-Anne Prick, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Chao Suo, Peter Galettis, Nagesh B. Pai, Shanlin Fu, Rodney J. Croft, Jennifer H. Martin, Murat Yucel

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Chronic cannabis use has been associated with impaired cognition and elevated psychological symptoms, particularly psychotic-like experiences.


Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Effects On Hippocampal Subfield Volumes In Current Cannabis Users, Camilla Beale, Samantha J. Broyd, Yann Chye, Mark M. Schira, Peter Galettis, Jennifer H. Martin, Murat Yucel, Nadia Solowij Jan 2018

Prolonged Cannabidiol Treatment Effects On Hippocampal Subfield Volumes In Current Cannabis Users, Camilla Beale, Samantha J. Broyd, Yann Chye, Mark M. Schira, Peter Galettis, Jennifer H. Martin, Murat Yucel, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

No abstract provided.


Community Junior Sport Sponsorship: An Online Experiment Assessing Children's Responses To Unhealthy Food V. Pro-Health Sponsorship Options, Helen Dixon, Maree Scully, Melanie Dr Melanie Wakefield, Bridget Kelly, Simone Pettigrew Jan 2018

Community Junior Sport Sponsorship: An Online Experiment Assessing Children's Responses To Unhealthy Food V. Pro-Health Sponsorship Options, Helen Dixon, Maree Scully, Melanie Dr Melanie Wakefield, Bridget Kelly, Simone Pettigrew

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: To explore children's responses to sponsorship of community junior sport by unhealthy food brands and investigate the utility of alternative, pro-health sponsorship options. Design: Between-subjects experiment, with four sponsorship conditions: A, non-food branding (control); B, unhealthy food branding; C, healthier food branding; D, obesity prevention campaign branding. Setting: Online experiment conducted in schools. Participants were shown a junior sports pack for their favourite sport that contained merchandise with branding representing their assigned sponsorship condition. Participants viewed and rated the sports pack, completed a distractor task, then completed questions assessing brand awareness, brand attitudes and preference for food sponsors ...


Evidence For Sample Selection Effect And Hawthorne Effect In Behavioural Hiv Prevention Trial Among Young Women In A Rural South African Community, Molly Rosenberg, Audrey Pettifor, Rhian Twine, James Hughes, F Gomez-Olive, Ryan Wagner, Afolabi Sulaimon, Stephen Tollman, Amanda Selin, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn Jan 2018

Evidence For Sample Selection Effect And Hawthorne Effect In Behavioural Hiv Prevention Trial Among Young Women In A Rural South African Community, Molly Rosenberg, Audrey Pettifor, Rhian Twine, James Hughes, F Gomez-Olive, Ryan Wagner, Afolabi Sulaimon, Stephen Tollman, Amanda Selin, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objectives We examined the potential influence of both sample selection effects and Hawthorne effects in the behavioural HIV Prevention Trial Network 068 study, designed to examine whether cash transfers conditional on school attendance reduce HIV acquisition in young South African women. We explored whether school enrolment among study participants differed from the underlying population, and whether differences existed at baseline (sample selection effect) or arose during study participation (Hawthorne effect). Methods We constructed a cohort of 3889 young women aged 11-20 years using data from the Agincourt Health and socio-Demographic Surveillance System. We compared school enrolment in 2011 (trial start ...


Community Mobilization To Modify Harmful Gender Norms And Reduce Hiv Risk: Results From A Community Cluster Randomized Trial In South Africa, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri Lippman, Ann Gottert, Chirayath Suchindran, Amanda Selin, Dean Peacock, Suzanne Maman, Dumisani Rebombo, Rhian Twine, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, Catherine L. Mac Phail Jan 2018

Community Mobilization To Modify Harmful Gender Norms And Reduce Hiv Risk: Results From A Community Cluster Randomized Trial In South Africa, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri Lippman, Ann Gottert, Chirayath Suchindran, Amanda Selin, Dean Peacock, Suzanne Maman, Dumisani Rebombo, Rhian Twine, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, Catherine L. Mac Phail

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction: Community mobilization (CM) is increasingly recognized as critical to generating changes in social norms and behaviours needed to achieve reductions in HIV. We conducted a CM intervention to modify negative gender norms, particularly among men, in order to reduce associated HIV risk.

Methods: Twenty two villages in the Agincourt Health and Socio‐Demographic Surveillance Site in rural Mpumalanga, South Africa were randomized to either a theory‐based, gender transformative, CM intervention or no intervention. Two cross‐sectional, population‐based surveys were conducted in 2012 (pre‐intervention, n = 600 women; n = 581 men) and 2014 (post‐intervention, n = 600 women ...


Transactional Sex And Incident Hiv Infection In A Cohort Of Young Women From Rural South Africa, Kelly N. Kilburn, Meghna Ranganathan, Marie Stoner, James Hughes, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Yaw Agyei, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor Jan 2018

Transactional Sex And Incident Hiv Infection In A Cohort Of Young Women From Rural South Africa, Kelly N. Kilburn, Meghna Ranganathan, Marie Stoner, James Hughes, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Yaw Agyei, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: In sub-Saharan Africa, young women who engage in transactional sex (the exchange of sex for money or gifts) with a male partner show an elevated risk of prevalent HIV infection. We analyse longitudinal data to estimate the association between transactional sex and HIV incidence.

Design: We used longitudinal data from a cohort of 2362 HIV-negative young women (aged 13-20 years) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial in rural, South Africa who were followed for up to four visits over 6 years.

Methods: The effect of transactional sex on incident HIV was analysed using stratified Cox proportional hazards models and ...