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Full-Text Articles in Education

Effect Of Cannabis Use In People With Chronic Non-Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids: Findings From A 4-Year Prospective Cohort Study, Gabrielle Campbell, Wayne Hall, Amy Peacock, Nicholas Lintzeris, Raimondo Bruno, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Gary Chan, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Marian D. Shanahan, Timothy Dobbins, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2018

Effect Of Cannabis Use In People With Chronic Non-Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids: Findings From A 4-Year Prospective Cohort Study, Gabrielle Campbell, Wayne Hall, Amy Peacock, Nicholas Lintzeris, Raimondo Bruno, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Gary Chan, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Marian D. Shanahan, Timothy Dobbins, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Interest in the use of cannabis and cannabinoids to treat chronic non-cancer pain is increasing, because of their potential to reduce opioid dose requirements. We aimed to investigate cannabis use in people living with chronic non-cancer pain who had been prescribed opioids, including their reasons for use and perceived effectiveness of cannabis; associations between amount of cannabis use and pain, mental health, and opioid use; the effect of cannabis use on pain severity and interference over time; and potential opioid-sparing effects of cannabis. Methods The Pain and Opioids IN Treatment study is a prospective, national, observational cohort of people ...


How Do People Belong In The Pacific? Introduction To This Issue, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jioji Ravulo Jan 2018

How Do People Belong In The Pacific? Introduction To This Issue, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jioji Ravulo

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In early 2016, the two editors of this issue met together to discuss our common research interests. At that time, one of us (Jioji Ravulo) was a Senior Lecturer in the School of Social Sciences and Psychology at Western Sydney University (WSU), and the other of us (Camellia Webb-Gannon) was a Research Fellow in the School of Humanities and Communication Arts at the same institution. Camellia, whose research focuses on decolonisation in Melanesia, had recently returned from the 2016 Australian Association for Pacific Studies (AAPS) conference in Cairns at which she had hoped she would meet other researchers of the ...


Parental Perceptions Of Barriers To Mental Health Services For Young People, Wendy Iskra, Frank P. Deane, Tim Wahlin, Esther Davis Jan 2018

Parental Perceptions Of Barriers To Mental Health Services For Young People, Wendy Iskra, Frank P. Deane, Tim Wahlin, Esther Davis

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Aim: This study explores a range of barriers that parents encountered in accessing mental health services. The study also explored whether parents experienced similar barriers to accessing services in 2003 and 2013. Methods: One hundred and thirty-four parents of young people attending an initial assessment at a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS) or headspace centre completed a questionnaire assessing 10 general barriers to care. These data were compared to those collected from 129 participants at CAMHS in 2003. Results: The ranking of barriers to mental health care for their children was similar for both survey years, with 'wait ...


People With Epilepsy Aren't Protected In Africa: What Needs To Be Done, Jacob Mugumbate Jan 2018

People With Epilepsy Aren't Protected In Africa: What Needs To Be Done, Jacob Mugumbate

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In October 2017 Abdul Matola was stoned and burnt to death in Malawi after being accused of being a "bloodsucking vampire". Matola had lived with uncontrolled epilepsy -- a highly treatable and non-infectious condition characterised by recurring seizures.


Reflections And Recommendations For Conducting In-Depth Interviews With People With Dementia, Elizabeth Cridland, Lyn Phillipson, Christopher R. Brennan-Horley, Kate Swaffer Jan 2016

Reflections And Recommendations For Conducting In-Depth Interviews With People With Dementia, Elizabeth Cridland, Lyn Phillipson, Christopher R. Brennan-Horley, Kate Swaffer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Despite the importance and advantages of including people with dementia in research, there are various challenges for researchers and participants to their involvement. This article draws on the literature and experiences of a diverse group of authors, including a person with dementia, to provide recommendations about conducting research with people with dementia. Particular attention is given to in-depth interviews as a qualitative technique. More specifically, topics discussed include interview guide preparation, recruitment, obtaining consent/assent, conducting effective interviews, analysis and interpretation of data, effective communication of research findings, and reflections and recommendations for maintaining researcher and participant health. Given the ...


Clustering Of Cardiovascular Behavioral Risk Factors And Blood Pressure Among People Diagnosed With Hypertension: A Nationally Representative Survey In China, Yichong Li, Xiaoqi Feng, Mei Zhang, Maigeng Zhou, Ning Wang, Limin Wang Jan 2016

Clustering Of Cardiovascular Behavioral Risk Factors And Blood Pressure Among People Diagnosed With Hypertension: A Nationally Representative Survey In China, Yichong Li, Xiaoqi Feng, Mei Zhang, Maigeng Zhou, Ning Wang, Limin Wang

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This study aimed to examine association between the number of behavioral risk factors and blood pressure (BP) level among a nationally representative sample of Chinese people diagnosed with hypertension. A total of 31,694 respondents aged 18+ years with diagnosed hypertension were extracted from the 2013-2014 China Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance. BP of each respondent was classified into six levels according to criteria in 2007 Guidelines for the Management of Arterial Hypertension. Information for smoking, alcohol drinking, fruit and vegetables consumption, physical inactivity, and overweight and obesity were obtained. The average number of risk factors was determined by ...


Governing Food Choices: A Critical Analysis Of School Food Pedagogies And Young People's Responses In Contemporary Times, Deana Leahy, Jan Wright Jan 2016

Governing Food Choices: A Critical Analysis Of School Food Pedagogies And Young People's Responses In Contemporary Times, Deana Leahy, Jan Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Recently a proliferation and intensification of school programmes that are directed towards teaching children and young people about food has been witnessed. Whilst there is much to learn about food, anxieties concerning the obesity epidemic have dramatically shaped how schools address the topic. This article draws on governmentality to consider 'the conditions of possibility' for teaching about food in contemporary times. In particular the form that knowledge about food takes in the midst of an obesity epidemic, the authorities on which it draws for its legitimacy and the learnings made possible are considered. To do this two Australian studies investigating ...


'30-Minute City'? Not In My Backyard! Smart Cities Plan Must Let People Have Their Say, Crystal Legacy, Dallas Rogers, Kristian J. Ruming, Nicole T. Cook Jan 2016

'30-Minute City'? Not In My Backyard! Smart Cities Plan Must Let People Have Their Say, Crystal Legacy, Dallas Rogers, Kristian J. Ruming, Nicole T. Cook

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The federal government's Smart Cities Plan is framed around the "30-minute city". In this city, journeys will take no more than half an hour, regardless of your location. The recently released plan has significant implications for population, transport provision and land-use intensity in neighbourhoods - the places where people live and how they get around. The realisation of its goals will require ongoing densification of Australian suburbs.


Opioid Agonist Treatment For Pharmaceutical Opioid Dependent People (Review), Suzanne Nielsen, Briony K. Larance, Louisa Degenhardt, Linda Gowing, Chyanne Kehler, Nicholas Lintzeris Jan 2016

Opioid Agonist Treatment For Pharmaceutical Opioid Dependent People (Review), Suzanne Nielsen, Briony K. Larance, Louisa Degenhardt, Linda Gowing, Chyanne Kehler, Nicholas Lintzeris

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background There are increasing concerns regarding pharmaceutical opioid harms including overdose and dependence, with an associated increase in treatment demand. People dependent on pharmaceutical opioids appear to differ in important ways from people who use heroin, yet most opioid agonist treatment research has been conducted in people who use heroin. Objectives To assess the effects of maintenance agonist pharmacotherapy for the treatment of pharmaceutical opioid dependence. Search methods The search included the Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group's Specialised Register of Trials; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, 2015, Issue 5); PubMed (January 1966 to May 2015); EMBASE ...


Same-Day Use Of Opioids And Other Central Nervous System Depressants Amongst People Who Tamper With Pharmaceutical Opioids: A Retrospective 7-Day Diary Study, Amy Peacock, Raimondo Bruno, Briony K. Larance, Nicholas Lintzeris, Suzanne Nielsen, Robert Ali, Timothy Dobbins, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2016

Same-Day Use Of Opioids And Other Central Nervous System Depressants Amongst People Who Tamper With Pharmaceutical Opioids: A Retrospective 7-Day Diary Study, Amy Peacock, Raimondo Bruno, Briony K. Larance, Nicholas Lintzeris, Suzanne Nielsen, Robert Ali, Timothy Dobbins, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective The aims were to determine: (i) quantity and frequency of same-day use of opioids with benzodiazepines and/or alcohol amongst people who regularly tamper with pharmaceutical opioids; and (ii) socio-demographic, mental health, harms and treatment profile associated with same-day use of high doses. Method The cohort (n = 437) completed a retrospective 7-day diary detailing opioid, benzodiazepine, and alcohol intake. Oral morphine equivalent (OME) units and diazepam equivalent units (DEU) were calculated, with >200 mg OME, >40 mg DEU and >4 standard alcoholic drinks (each 10 g alcohol) considered a "high dose". Results One-half (47%) exclusively consumed opioids without benzodiazepines ...


Geographies Of Global Issues: Change And Threat In Young People's Lives, Natascha Klocker, Nicola Ansell Jan 2016

Geographies Of Global Issues: Change And Threat In Young People's Lives, Natascha Klocker, Nicola Ansell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Children and young people, throughout the world, are experiencing a time of immense and rapid change - environmental, social, political, economic, and cultural. This chapter introduces readers to a volume entitled Geographies of Global Issues: Change and Threat, which is part of the Geographies of Children and Young People series. It provides an overview of the chapters contained in that volume and outlines four key themes that run across those chapters. First, children's geographies are also - fundamentally - about adults. It does not make sense to do children's geographies, without taking the perspectives of adult decision-makers into account. Second, children ...


Young People In The Global North: Environmental Heroes Or Pleasure-Seeking Consumers, Elyse R. Stanes, Natascha Klocker Jan 2016

Young People In The Global North: Environmental Heroes Or Pleasure-Seeking Consumers, Elyse R. Stanes, Natascha Klocker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Young people in the Global North have disparate identities in relation to environmental sustainability; they are purportedly more knowledgeable and concerned about the environment and climate change than older generations, but are also typecast as leaders of a hedonistic consumer culture. This chapter undertakes a critical review of the key research trajectories across geography, youth studies, and the social sciences that pertain to young people, consumption, and environmentalism. It draws on recent research that has sought to complicate the positioning of contemporary young people as either "hedonistic consumers" or "environmental heroes." The reality, for many young people, lies in between ...


Listening To Children And Young People And Empowering Them - Some New Techniques Using Philosophical And Spiritual Listening. An Educational Psychologist's Story, Irvine Gersch Jan 2016

Listening To Children And Young People And Empowering Them - Some New Techniques Using Philosophical And Spiritual Listening. An Educational Psychologist's Story, Irvine Gersch

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article outlines one area of research which I, as an educational and child psychologist, have been involved in for more than 30 years. The area is 'listening to children and young people (CYP): helping to empower them through giving them a voice'. The work has involved the development of various materials, including the Student Report and a version for students excluded from school, to the more recent spiritual listening tools, inviting children and young people to discuss their views about the big questions of life; namely, life's purpose and meaning. Fundamentally, such aspects are felt to be keys ...


Crime And Victimisation In People With Intellectual Disability: A Case Linkage Study, Billy C. Fogden, Stuart Dm Thomas, Michael D. Daffern, James R. P Ogloff Jan 2016

Crime And Victimisation In People With Intellectual Disability: A Case Linkage Study, Billy C. Fogden, Stuart Dm Thomas, Michael D. Daffern, James R. P Ogloff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Studies have suggested that people with intellectual disability are disproportionately involved in crime both as perpetrators and victims. Method A case linkage design used three Australian contact-level databases, from disability services, public mental health services and police records. Rates of contact, and official records of victimisation and criminal charges were compared to those in a community sample without intellectual disability. Results Although people with intellectual disability were significantly less likely to have an official record of victimisation and offending overall, their rates of violent and sexual victimisation and offending were significantly higher. The presence of comorbid mental illness considerably ...


'We Are History In The Making And We Are Walking Together To Change Things For The Better': Exploring The Flows And Ripples Of Learning In A Mentoring Program For Indigenous Young People, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea, Samantha Mcmahon, Amy Priestly, Gawaian Bodkin-Andrews, Valerie Harwood Jan 2016

'We Are History In The Making And We Are Walking Together To Change Things For The Better': Exploring The Flows And Ripples Of Learning In A Mentoring Program For Indigenous Young People, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea, Samantha Mcmahon, Amy Priestly, Gawaian Bodkin-Andrews, Valerie Harwood

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article explores the unique mentoring model that the Australian Indigenous Mentoring Experience (AIME) has established to assist Australian Indigenous young people succeed educationally. AIME can be described as a structured educational mentoring programme, which recruits university students to mentor Indigenous high school students. The success of the programme is unequivocal, with the AIME Indigenous mentees completing high school and the transition to further education and employment at higher rates than their non-AIME Indigenous counterparts. This article reports on a study that sought to deeply explore the particular approach to mentoring that AIME adopts. The study drew upon interviews, observations ...


Defining Problematic Pharmaceutical Opioid Use Among People Prescribed Opioids For Chronic Noncancer Pain: Do Different Measures Identify The Same Patients?, Gabrielle Campbell, Raimondo Bruno, Nicholas Lintzeris, Milton Cohen, Suzanne Nielsen, Wayne Hall, Briony K. Larance, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2016

Defining Problematic Pharmaceutical Opioid Use Among People Prescribed Opioids For Chronic Noncancer Pain: Do Different Measures Identify The Same Patients?, Gabrielle Campbell, Raimondo Bruno, Nicholas Lintzeris, Milton Cohen, Suzanne Nielsen, Wayne Hall, Briony K. Larance, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) are routinely used in diagnosing illicit substance use disorders, but for people taking prescribed opioids they remain controversial. In pain medicine, the concept of "Addiction" is preferred with reduced emphasis on tolerance and withdrawal. This article examines the prevalence and characteristics of pharmaceutical opioid dependence/disorder according to ICD, DSM, and the pain medicine concept of "Addiction," among chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) patients prescribed opioids. In the current study, we used data from a national sample of 1134 people prescribed opioids for CNCP. Past 12-month "Addiction" (based ...


‘Students That Just Hate School Wouldn’T Go’: Educationally Disengaged And Disadvantaged Young People’S Talk About University, Samantha Mcmahon, Valerie Harwood, Anna Hickey-Moody Jan 2016

‘Students That Just Hate School Wouldn’T Go’: Educationally Disengaged And Disadvantaged Young People’S Talk About University, Samantha Mcmahon, Valerie Harwood, Anna Hickey-Moody

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper contributes to a growing body of literature on widening university participation and brings a focus on the classed and embodied nature of young people’s imagination to existing discussions. We interviewed 250 young people living in disadvantaged communities across five Australian states who had experienced disengagement from compulsory primary and secondary schooling. We asked them about their education and their educational futures, specifically how they imagined universities and university participation. For these young people, universities were imagined as ‘big’, ‘massive’ alienating schools. The paper explores how the elements of schooling from which these young people disengaged became tangible ...


Flexible Respite For Carers Of People With Dementia, Lyn Phillipson Jan 2015

Flexible Respite For Carers Of People With Dementia, Lyn Phillipson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 30th International Conference of Alzheimer's Disease International, 15 - 18 April 2015, Perth, Australia


Is Something Better Than Nothing? Food Insecurity And Eating Patterns Of Young People Experiencing Homelessness, Belinda Crawford, Rowena Yamazaki, Elise Franke, Sue Amanatidis, Jioji Ravulo, Siranda Torvaldsen Jan 2015

Is Something Better Than Nothing? Food Insecurity And Eating Patterns Of Young People Experiencing Homelessness, Belinda Crawford, Rowena Yamazaki, Elise Franke, Sue Amanatidis, Jioji Ravulo, Siranda Torvaldsen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: Food insecurity is an increasing problem in marginalised groups that affects diet quality. We aimed to examine the extent of food insecurity and the eating patterns of young people accessing support from specialist homelessness services. Methods: A cross-sectional survey with a researcher-administered food frequency and food insecurity questionnaire was undertaken with 50 young people experiencing homelessness, aged 14-26 years. Participants were recruited from 11 specialist homelessness services providing support and accommodation for young people in central and south-western Sydney. Results: Food insecurity was a recent experience for 70% of participants. Eighty-five per cent of participants living independently experienced food ...


The Use Of Paracetamol (Acetaminophen) Among A Community Sample Of People With Chronic Non‐Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids, Bianca Hoban, Briony K. Larance, Natasa Gisev, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Raimondo Bruno, Fiona Shand, Nicholas Lintzeris, Wayne Hall, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2015

The Use Of Paracetamol (Acetaminophen) Among A Community Sample Of People With Chronic Non‐Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids, Bianca Hoban, Briony K. Larance, Natasa Gisev, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Raimondo Bruno, Fiona Shand, Nicholas Lintzeris, Wayne Hall, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background

The regular use of simple analgesics in addition to opioids such as paracetamol (or acetaminophen) is recommended for persistent pain to enhance analgesia. Few studies have examined the frequency and doses of paracetamol among people with chronic non‐cancer pain including use above the recommended maximum daily dose.

Aims

To assess (i) the prevalence of paracetamol use among people with chronic non‐cancer pain prescribed opioids, (ii) assess the prevalence of paracetamol use above the recommended maximum daily dose and (iii) assess correlates of people who used paracetamol above the recommended maximum daily dose including: age, gender, income, education ...


Young People's Perspectives, Lynne M. Keevers, Helen Backhouse, Lisa Macleod Jan 2015

Young People's Perspectives, Lynne M. Keevers, Helen Backhouse, Lisa Macleod

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Responses to youth homelessness have undergone significant changes in New South Wales (NSW), through the Going Home Staying Home (GHSH) reform. The stated approach is focused on ensuring service approaches are evidence-based and funding is needs-based.1 In this paper, we argue the search for schematic models and specification of pre-defined measurable outcomes do not give sufficient weight to evidence articulating the importance of practices of social justice, wellbeing and relationships based on care, respect and persistence.


Study Protocol: A Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial Of A Healthy Lifestyle Intervention For People Attending Residential Substance Abuse Treatment, Peter James Kelly, Amanda Baker, Frank P. Deane, Robin Callister, Clare E. Collins, Christopher Oldmeadow, John R. Attia, Camilla Townsend, Isabella Ingram, Gerard Byrne, Carol Keane Jan 2015

Study Protocol: A Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial Of A Healthy Lifestyle Intervention For People Attending Residential Substance Abuse Treatment, Peter James Kelly, Amanda Baker, Frank P. Deane, Robin Callister, Clare E. Collins, Christopher Oldmeadow, John R. Attia, Camilla Townsend, Isabella Ingram, Gerard Byrne, Carol Keane

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Cardiovascular disease and cancer are leading causes of mortality for people with a history of alcohol or other substance use disorders. These chronic diseases share the same four primary behavioural risk factors i.e. excessive alcohol use, smoking, low intake of fruit and vegetables and physical inactivity. In addition to addressing problematic alcohol use, there is the potential for substance abuse treatment services to also address these other behaviours. Healthy Recovery is an 8-session group-based intervention that targets these multiple behavioural health risk factors and was developed specifically for people attending substance abuse treatment. This protocol describes a Cancer ...


Recognising Aspiration: The Aime Program's Effectiveness In Inspiring Indigenous Young People's Participation In Schooling And Opportunities For Further Education And Employment, Valerie Harwood, Samantha Mcmahon, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea, Gawaian Bodkin Andrews, Amy Priestly Jan 2015

Recognising Aspiration: The Aime Program's Effectiveness In Inspiring Indigenous Young People's Participation In Schooling And Opportunities For Further Education And Employment, Valerie Harwood, Samantha Mcmahon, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea, Gawaian Bodkin Andrews, Amy Priestly

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A strong feature of the widening participation agenda is improving the aspirations of groups that are underrepresented in higher education. This paper seeks to reposition the utility of this as a focal point of educational interventions by showcasing the success of a mentoring program that takes a different approach. The Australian Indigenous Mentoring Experience (AIME) significantly and positively impacts Australian Indigenous high school students' aspirations to finish school and continue to further study, training or employment. AIME is not read as a classic intervention program for raising aspirations. Instead, AIME builds upon the cultural wealth of participants and adopts an ...


Agreement Between Definitions Of Pharmaceutical Opioid Use Disorders And Dependence In People Taking Opioids For Chronic Non-Cancer Pain (Point): A Cohort Study, Louisa Degenhardt, Raimondo Bruno, Nicholas Lintzeris, Wayne Hall, Suzanne Nielsen, Briony K. Larance, Milton Cohen, Gabrielle Campbell Jan 2015

Agreement Between Definitions Of Pharmaceutical Opioid Use Disorders And Dependence In People Taking Opioids For Chronic Non-Cancer Pain (Point): A Cohort Study, Louisa Degenhardt, Raimondo Bruno, Nicholas Lintzeris, Wayne Hall, Suzanne Nielsen, Briony K. Larance, Milton Cohen, Gabrielle Campbell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background

Classification of patients with pharmaceutical opioid use disorder and dependence varies depending on which definition is used. We compared how WHO's ICD-10 and proposed ICD-11 and the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-IV and DSM-5 classified individuals in a community-based sample of Australians with chronic non-cancer pain for which opioids have been prescribed.

Methods

We studied participants in the Pain and Opioid IN Treatment (POINT) cohort, a 2 year prospective cohort study of 1514 people prescribed pharmaceutical opioids for their chronic pain who were recruited in 2012–13 from community-based pharmacies across Australia. After giving patients the Composite International ...


Why Do People Access News With Mobile Devices? Exploring The Role Of Suitability Perception And Motives On Mobile News Use, Hongjin Shim, Kyung Han You, Jeong Kyu Lee, Eun Go Jan 2015

Why Do People Access News With Mobile Devices? Exploring The Role Of Suitability Perception And Motives On Mobile News Use, Hongjin Shim, Kyung Han You, Jeong Kyu Lee, Eun Go

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Using self-reported survey data (N = 281), the present study explores the structural relationships among mobile users' perceptions of the suitability of two types of mobile news (political feature news and entertainment news), users' motivations for mobile news usage, and their behavioral patterns. Our findings show that two types of perceived suitability for mobile news, particularly for political feature news, are strongly associated with all dimensions of motivations for mobile news usage. Furthermore, as predicted, our findings show that the information-seeking motive is the very factor that determines mobile news usage. The results also reveal that the accessibility motive mediates the ...


People With Multiple Unhealthy Lifestyles Are Less Likely To Consult Primary Healthcare. Evidence From 267,153 Australians, Xiaoqi Feng, Federico Girosi, Ian S. Mcrae Jan 2014

People With Multiple Unhealthy Lifestyles Are Less Likely To Consult Primary Healthcare. Evidence From 267,153 Australians, Xiaoqi Feng, Federico Girosi, Ian S. Mcrae

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the Society for Social Medicine 58th Annual Scientific Meeting, 10-12 September 2014, Oxford, United Kingdom


People With Multiple Unhealthy Lifestyles Are Less Likely To Consult Primary Healthcare, Xiaoqi Feng, Federico Girosi, Ian S. Mcrae Jan 2014

People With Multiple Unhealthy Lifestyles Are Less Likely To Consult Primary Healthcare, Xiaoqi Feng, Federico Girosi, Ian S. Mcrae

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Behavioural interventions are often implemented within primary healthcare settings to prevent type 2 diabetes and other lifestyle-related diseases. Although smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity and poor diet are associated with poorer health that may lead a person to consult a general practitioner (GP), previous work has shown that unhealthy lifestyles cluster among low socioeconomic groups who are less likely to seek primary healthcare. Therefore, it is uncertain whether behavioural interventions in primary healthcare are reaching those in most need. This study investigated patterns of GP consultations in relation to the clustering of unhealthy lifestyles among a large sample of ...


Body Mass Index And Socio-Economic Circumstances In China: People And Places Matter, Xiaoqi Feng, Yong Jiang, Thomas Astell-Burt, Maigeng Zhou, Limin Wang, Linhong Wang, Andrew Page, Wenhua Zhao Jan 2014

Body Mass Index And Socio-Economic Circumstances In China: People And Places Matter, Xiaoqi Feng, Yong Jiang, Thomas Astell-Burt, Maigeng Zhou, Limin Wang, Linhong Wang, Andrew Page, Wenhua Zhao

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the Society for Social Medicine 58th Annual Scientific Meeting, 10-12 September 2014, Oxford, United Kingdom


Training Police To Better Respond To People With Mental Illness, James Ogloff, Stuart Dm Thomas Jan 2014

Training Police To Better Respond To People With Mental Illness, James Ogloff, Stuart Dm Thomas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Police officers encounter people with mental illnesses every day, whether they are perpetrators, victims, or witnesses of crime. In 2013 alone, NSW police responded to more than 40,000 mental health incidents; while in Victoria, the police apprehend one person every two hours and take them to hospital for assessment


Diversion Of Prescribed Opioids By People Living With Chronic Pain: Results From An Australian Community Sample, Jessica Belcher, Suzanne Nielsen, Gabrielle Campbell, Raimondo Bruno, Bianca Hoban, Briony K. Larance, Nicholas Lintzeris, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2014

Diversion Of Prescribed Opioids By People Living With Chronic Pain: Results From An Australian Community Sample, Jessica Belcher, Suzanne Nielsen, Gabrielle Campbell, Raimondo Bruno, Bianca Hoban, Briony K. Larance, Nicholas Lintzeris, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction and Aims There has been an increase in prescription of opioids for chronic non‐cancer pain, and concern exists over possible diversion of prescription opioids to the illicit marketplace. Recent media coverage suggests that elderly patients sell their prescribed opioids for additional income. This study investigated the extent to which an Australian community sample of chronic pain patients prescribed opioids reported supplying their prescribed opioids to others. Design and Methods Participants living with chronic non‐cancer pain and prescribed opioids for their pain (n = 952) were recruited across Australia via advertisements at pharmacies. A telephone interview included questions about ...