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Full-Text Articles in Education

Proximity To Green Space Increases The Propensity For Regular Walking And Physical Activity In Adults, Gregory Kolt, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng Jan 2013

Proximity To Green Space Increases The Propensity For Regular Walking And Physical Activity In Adults, Gregory Kolt, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the American College of Sports Medicine 60th annual meeting, 28 May - 1 June 2013, Indianapolis, United States


Neighborhood Socioeconomic Circumstances And The Co-Occurrence Of Unhealthy Lifestyles: Evidence From 206,457 Australians In The 45 And Up Study, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt Jan 2013

Neighborhood Socioeconomic Circumstances And The Co-Occurrence Of Unhealthy Lifestyles: Evidence From 206,457 Australians In The 45 And Up Study, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Research on the co-occurrence of unhealthy lifestyles has tended to focus mainly upon the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of individuals. This study investigated the relevance of neighborhood socioeconomic circumstance for multiple unhealthy lifestyles. Method: An unhealthy lifestyle index was constructed for 206,457 participants in the 45 and Up Study (2006-2009) by summing binary responses on smoking, alcohol, physical activity and five diet-related variables. Higher scores indicated the co-occurrence of unhealthy lifestyles. Association with self-rated health, quality of life; and risk of psychological distress was investigated using multilevel logistic regression. Association between the unhealthy lifestyle index with neighborhood characteristics ...


Health And The 2008 Economic Recession: Evidence From The United Kingdom, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng Jan 2013

Health And The 2008 Economic Recession: Evidence From The United Kingdom, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction: The economic recession which began in 2008 has resulted in a substantial increase in unemployment across many countries, including the United Kingdom. Strong association between unemployment and poor health status among individuals is widely recognised. We investigated whether the prevalence of poor health at a population level increased concurrent to the rise in unemployment during the economic recession, and whether the impact on health varied by geographical and socioeconomic circumstances. Method: Health, demographic and socioeconomic measures on 1.36 million survey responses aged 16-64 were extracted from the Quarterly Labour Force Survey of the United Kingdom, collected every three ...


Does Access To Neighbourhood Green Space Promote A Healthy Duration Of Sleep? Novel Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study Of 259 319 Australians, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Gregory Kolt Jan 2013

Does Access To Neighbourhood Green Space Promote A Healthy Duration Of Sleep? Novel Findings From A Cross-Sectional Study Of 259 319 Australians, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Gregory Kolt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objectives Experiments demonstrate that exposure to parks and other ‘green spaces’ promote favourable psychological and physiological outcomes. As a consequence, people who reside in greener neighbourhoods may also have a lower risk of short sleep duration (<6 h). This is potentially important as short sleep duration is a correlate of obesity, chronic disease and mortality, but so far this hypothesis has not been previously investigated.

Design Cross-sectional data analysis.

Setting New South Wales, Australia.

Participants This study investigated whether neighbourhood green space was associated with a healthier duration of sleep (to the nearest hour) among 259 319 Australians who completed the 45 and Up Study baseline questionnaire between 2006 and 2009 inclusive.

Primary and secondary outcome measures Multinomial logit regression was used to investigate the influence of an objective ...


How The Factoid Of Wind Turbines Causing 'Vibroacoustic Disease' Came To Be 'Irrefutably Demonstrated', Simon Chapman, Alexis B. St George Jan 2013

How The Factoid Of Wind Turbines Causing 'Vibroacoustic Disease' Came To Be 'Irrefutably Demonstrated', Simon Chapman, Alexis B. St George

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: In recent years, claims have proliferated in cyberspace that wind turbines cause a large variety of symptoms and diseases. One of these, "vibroacoustic disease" (VAD) is frequently mentioned. The aim of this study is to examine the quality of the evidence on how VAD came to be associated with wind turbine exposure by wind farm opponents. Methods: Searches of the web (Google advanced) and major research databases for papers on VAD and wind turbines. Self-citation analysis of research papers on VAD. Results: Google returned 24,700 hits for VAD and wind turbines. Thirty-five research papers on VAD were found ...


Youth Gangs In A Remote Indigenous Community: Importance Of Cultural Authority And Family Support, Teresa Cunningham, Bill Ivory, Richard D. Chenhall, Rachel M. Mcmahon, Kate Senior Jan 2013

Youth Gangs In A Remote Indigenous Community: Importance Of Cultural Authority And Family Support, Teresa Cunningham, Bill Ivory, Richard D. Chenhall, Rachel M. Mcmahon, Kate Senior

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Indigenous community of Wadeye in the Northern Territory, Australia has been described as a community 'under siege from continual gang violence' (Rioting flares again at Wadeye. The Australian 7 August; Gang violence plagues Wadeye. ABC News 1 December; Wadeye worst in 50 years. NT News 2 November). The gangs appear to have emerged in the early 1980s and are generally defined through youth aligning themselves along cultural, clan and family affiliations into groups with contemporary Americanised gang characteristics, symbolic links with heavy metal music and clearly defined turf boundaries. Although they do engage in some relatively minor drug (predominately ...


Validation Of The Dynamic Direct Exposure Method For Toxicity Testing Of Diesel Exhaust In Vitro, Lucky Joeng, Amanda Hayes, Shahnaz Bakand Jan 2013

Validation Of The Dynamic Direct Exposure Method For Toxicity Testing Of Diesel Exhaust In Vitro, Lucky Joeng, Amanda Hayes, Shahnaz Bakand

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Diesel exhaust emission is a major health concern because of the complex nature of its gaseous content (e.g., NO2, NO, CO, and CO2) and high concentration of particulate matter (PM) less than 2.5 μm which allows for deeper penetration into the human pulmonary system upon inhalation. The aim of this research was to elucidate the potential toxic effects of diesel exhaust on a human pulmonary-based cellular system. Validation of a dynamic direct exposure method for both laboratory (230 hp Volvo truck engine) and field (Volkswagen Passat passenger car) diesel engines, at idle mode, was implemented. Human ...


Do Social Interactions Explain Ethnic Differences In Psychological Distress And The Protective Effect Of Local Ethnic Density? A Cross-Sectional Study Of 226 487 Adults In Australia, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt, Gregory Kolt Jan 2013

Do Social Interactions Explain Ethnic Differences In Psychological Distress And The Protective Effect Of Local Ethnic Density? A Cross-Sectional Study Of 226 487 Adults In Australia, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt, Gregory Kolt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background A frequently proposed, but under-researched hypothesis is that ethnic density benefits mental health through increasing social interactions. We examined this hypothesis in 226 487 adults from 19 ethnic groups aged 45 years and older in Australia. Methods Multilevel logit regression was used to measure the association between ethnicity, social interactions, own-group ethnic density and scores of 22+ on the Kessler scale of psychological distress. Self-reported ancestry was used as a proxy for ethnicity. Measures of social interactions included a number of times in the past week were (i) spent with friends or family participants did not live with; (ii ...


A Qualitative Exploration Of The "Critical Window": Factors Affecting Australian Children's After-School Physical Activity, Rebecca M. Stanley, Kobie Boshoff, James Dollman Jan 2013

A Qualitative Exploration Of The "Critical Window": Factors Affecting Australian Children's After-School Physical Activity, Rebecca M. Stanley, Kobie Boshoff, James Dollman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: The after-school period is potentially a "critical window" for promoting physical activity in children. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore children's perceptions of the factors influencing their engagement in physical activity during the after-school period as the first phase in the development of a questionnaire. Methods: Fifty-four South Australian children age 10-13 years participated in same gender focus groups. Transcripts, field notes, and activity documents were analyzed using content analysis. Through an inductive thematic approach, data were coded and categorized into perceived barriers and facilitators according to a social ecological model. Results: Children identified a ...


The Learning Life Course Of At 'Risk' Children Aged 3-16: Perceptions Of Students And Parents About 'Succeeding Against The Odds', Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Aziza Mayo, Edward Melhuish, Brenda Taggart, Pam Sammons, Kathy Sylva Jan 2013

The Learning Life Course Of At 'Risk' Children Aged 3-16: Perceptions Of Students And Parents About 'Succeeding Against The Odds', Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Aziza Mayo, Edward Melhuish, Brenda Taggart, Pam Sammons, Kathy Sylva

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Understanding how we can support children through their learning life course has become a policy imperative, particularly those children from poor homes who would normally be facing a low achiever trajectory. The paper reports on 50 in-depth Child and Family Case Studies (CFCS) that were conducted as part of the Effective Provision of Pre-School, Primary and Secondary Education (EPPSE 3-16) research project. The CFCS was designed as a mixedmethods study in order to look at why and when certain children manage to succeed 'against the odds' while others do not. Using in-depth interviews with students, parents and teachers, quantitative data ...


Valuing The Value Of Marx, Noel Castree Jan 2013

Valuing The Value Of Marx, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Book review:

George Henderson Value in Marx: The Persistence of Value in a More-Than-Capitalist World , University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, 2013; 208 pp: 9780816680955, £50.50 (hbk)


Development Of An Instrument For Measuring Different Types Of Cognitive Load, J Leppink, Fred Paas, C Van Der Vleuten, Tamara Van Gog, Jeroen Van Merrienboer Jan 2013

Development Of An Instrument For Measuring Different Types Of Cognitive Load, J Leppink, Fred Paas, C Van Der Vleuten, Tamara Van Gog, Jeroen Van Merrienboer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

According to cognitive load theory, instructions can impose three types of cognitive load on the learner: intrinsic load, extraneous load, and germane load. Proper measurement of the different types of cognitive load can help us understand why the effectiveness and efficiency of learning environments may differ as a function of instructional formats and learner characteristics. In this article, we present a ten-item instrument for the measurement of the three types of cognitive load. Principal component analysis on data from a lecture in statistics for PhD students (n = 56) in psychology and health sciences revealed a three-component solution, consistent with the ...


Cnv Resolution Does Not Cause Nogo Anteriorisation Of The P3: A Failure To Replicate Simson Et Al., Janette Smith, Robert Barry, Genevieve Steiner Jan 2013

Cnv Resolution Does Not Cause Nogo Anteriorisation Of The P3: A Failure To Replicate Simson Et Al., Janette Smith, Robert Barry, Genevieve Steiner

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

For 35 years, some researchers have argued that CNV resolution may affect or even produce the increased P3 for NoGo compared to Go trials, and thus that no 'inhibitory' NoGo P3 exists. This is based on the work of Simson et al. (1977b), the scalp topography of potentials in auditory and visual Go/NoGo tasks. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 43, 864-875, which compared Go and NoGo topography after CNV was subtracted from NoGo trials only. Specifically, the NoGo P3 topography showed the distinctive frontocentral maximum, which is often linked to motor inhibition, when referenced to a pre-target baseline. This NoGo ...


Spontaneous Postural Instability Predicts Susceptibility To Smooth Vection, Stephen Palmisano, Deborah Apthorp, Takeharu Seno, Paul J. Stapley Jan 2013

Spontaneous Postural Instability Predicts Susceptibility To Smooth Vection, Stephen Palmisano, Deborah Apthorp, Takeharu Seno, Paul J. Stapley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the Vision Sciences Society Meeting, 10-15 May 2013, Naples, United States


Familial Analysis Of Mmn In Cannabis Users: A Case Study, Felicity Webster, Samantha Broyd, Rodney J. Croft, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Stuart Johnstone, Juanita Todd, Patricia Michie, Nadia Solowij Jan 2013

Familial Analysis Of Mmn In Cannabis Users: A Case Study, Felicity Webster, Samantha Broyd, Rodney J. Croft, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Stuart Johnstone, Juanita Todd, Patricia Michie, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Equiprobable Go/Nogo Auditory Erp Components: Adults Vs. Children, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio, Jay P. Borchard Jan 2013

Equiprobable Go/Nogo Auditory Erp Components: Adults Vs. Children, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio, Jay P. Borchard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Combined Cognitive And State-Control Training For Children With And Without Ad/Hd: Effects On Behaviour, Working Memory And Resting Eeg, Rebecca Bonfield, Stuart Johnstone, Kirsten Johnson, Stephanie Carrigan, Steven Roodenrys, Sue Bennett, Emily Church, Jacob Sargeant Jan 2013

Combined Cognitive And State-Control Training For Children With And Without Ad/Hd: Effects On Behaviour, Working Memory And Resting Eeg, Rebecca Bonfield, Stuart Johnstone, Kirsten Johnson, Stephanie Carrigan, Steven Roodenrys, Sue Bennett, Emily Church, Jacob Sargeant

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Eeg Activity In Children With Asperger's Syndrome, Adam Clarke, Robert Barry, Franca Dupuy, Rory Mccarthy, Mark Selikowitz Jan 2013

Eeg Activity In Children With Asperger's Syndrome, Adam Clarke, Robert Barry, Franca Dupuy, Rory Mccarthy, Mark Selikowitz

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


An Examination Of Impulsivity In Adolescence: Frontal Alpha Eeg Markers And Relations With Emotion Regulation, Ellie Johnston, Stuart Johnstone, Joseph Ciarrochi Jan 2013

An Examination Of Impulsivity In Adolescence: Frontal Alpha Eeg Markers And Relations With Emotion Regulation, Ellie Johnston, Stuart Johnstone, Joseph Ciarrochi

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Sequential Response Processes In A Cued Cpt: A Temporal Pca Study, Diana Karamacoska, Robert Barry, Genevieve Steiner, Frances De Blasio Jan 2013

Sequential Response Processes In A Cued Cpt: A Temporal Pca Study, Diana Karamacoska, Robert Barry, Genevieve Steiner, Frances De Blasio

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Skin Conductance Responses Of Problem And Non-Problem Gamblers To Large And Small Magnitude Wins, Lisa Lole, Craig J. Gonsalvez Jan 2013

Skin Conductance Responses Of Problem And Non-Problem Gamblers To Large And Small Magnitude Wins, Lisa Lole, Craig J. Gonsalvez

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Matching-Stimulus-Interval Affects The N2 And The P3: A Principal Components Analysis, Genevieve Steiner, Robert Barry, Craig J. Gonsalvez Jan 2013

Matching-Stimulus-Interval Affects The N2 And The P3: A Principal Components Analysis, Genevieve Steiner, Robert Barry, Craig J. Gonsalvez

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Teaching About Diverse Families Through Case Studies And Authentic Performance Assessment, Amy Conley Wright Jan 2013

Teaching About Diverse Families Through Case Studies And Authentic Performance Assessment, Amy Conley Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Authentic performance assessment connects active learning pedagogy with assessment of student learning. For family sciences, authentic performance assessment presents an opportunity to evaluate knowledge and skills related to working with families within the classroom context. This form of assessment can be combined with popular teaching strategies, like using family case studies, to provide application and context for course content. This article reviews the literature on authentic performance assessment and its application in the family science literature, and provides an example of an authentic performance assessment in a course on understanding and working with diverse families. The discussion provides suggestions for ...


Teaching Cad Internship Seminar As A Hybrid Course, Amy Conley Wright Jan 2013

Teaching Cad Internship Seminar As A Hybrid Course, Amy Conley Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A presentation held at the San Francisco State University Academic Technology Summer Institute in June 2013.


Developing A Standardized Approach For Monitoring Food Marketing To Children, Bridget Kelly, Lesley King, Louise Baur, Boyd A. Swinburn, M Rayner, T Lobstein, J Macmullan, S Mohan Jan 2013

Developing A Standardized Approach For Monitoring Food Marketing To Children, Bridget Kelly, Lesley King, Louise Baur, Boyd A. Swinburn, M Rayner, T Lobstein, J Macmullan, S Mohan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 22-25 May 2013, Ghent, Belgium


Berry School Book Club: Engaging Readers And Writers, Jan Turbill Jan 2013

Berry School Book Club: Engaging Readers And Writers, Jan Turbill

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article describes one school's approach to establishing a Book Club where children learn to 'read like writers'. It offers insights into the practicalities of the project and its successes.


Effect Of Air Pollution And Racism On Ethnic Differences In Respiratory Health Among Adolescents Living In An Urban Environment, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Maria J. Maynard, Erik Lenguerrand, Melissa Whitrow, Oarabile R. Molaodi, Seeromanie Harding Jan 2013

Effect Of Air Pollution And Racism On Ethnic Differences In Respiratory Health Among Adolescents Living In An Urban Environment, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Maria J. Maynard, Erik Lenguerrand, Melissa Whitrow, Oarabile R. Molaodi, Seeromanie Harding

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Recent studies suggest that stress can amplify the harm of air pollution. We examined whether experience of racism and exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of less than 2.5 µm and 10 µm (PM2.5 and PM10) had a synergistic influence on ethnic differences in asthma and lung function across adolescence. Analyses using multilevel models showed lower forced expiratory volume (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and lower rates of asthma among some ethnic minorities compared to Whites, but higher exposure to PM2.5, PM10 and racism. Racism appeared to amplify the relationship ...


A Descriptive Examination Of The Types Of Relationships Formed Between Children With Developmental Disability And Their Closest Peers In Inclusive School Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter Jan 2013

A Descriptive Examination Of The Types Of Relationships Formed Between Children With Developmental Disability And Their Closest Peers In Inclusive School Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background One of the most commonly cited rationales for inclusive education is to enable the development of quality relationships with typically developing peers. Relatively few researchers have examined the features of the range of relationships that children with developmental disability form in inclusive school settings. Method Interviews were conducted with 25 children with developmental disability, aged 5 and 12 years, their 3 closest peers, and parents and teachers to examine 6 types of relationships. Results Behaviours associated with general friendship and acquaintance were the most commonly reported. Few dyads reported high rates of behaviour associated with special treatment, helping, ignoring ...


Mutual Liking, Enjoyment And Shared Interactions In The Closest Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers In Inclusive School Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter Jan 2013

Mutual Liking, Enjoyment And Shared Interactions In The Closest Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers In Inclusive School Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Typically analysis of the characteristics of friendships is made on the basis of nomination of a friend or best friend, with the assumption that this nomination reflects actual friendship. While it is possible that this assumption may be valid in typically developing children, this may not be the case for relationships for students with developmental disabilities. The relationships of 16 students with developmental disabilities in grades 1 through 6 and their three closest peers were examined to determine if dyads engaged in behaviors associated with defining components of friendship (i.e. shared interaction, mutual enjoyment, mutual liking) from literature on ...


Using Hpv Vaccination For Promotion Of An Adolescent Package Of Care: Opportunity And Perspectives, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Emilie Venables, Helen Rees, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe Jan 2013

Using Hpv Vaccination For Promotion Of An Adolescent Package Of Care: Opportunity And Perspectives, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Emilie Venables, Helen Rees, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Adolescents are a difficult population to access for preventive health care, particularly in less resourced countries. Evidence from developed countries indicates that the HPV vaccine schedule may be a useful platform from which to deliver other adolescent health care services. We conducted a qualitative cross sectional study to assess the potential for using the HPV vaccine in the South African public health care system as an opportunity for integrated health care services for adolescents. Methods: Parents, young adolescents, community members and key informants participated in interviews and focus group discussions about feasibility and acceptability, particularly the use of the ...