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Full-Text Articles in Education

Influences On Students' Dispositions In Key Stage 3: Exploring Enjoyment Of School, Popularity, Anxiety, Citizenship Values And Academic Self-Concepts In Year 9, Pam Sammons, Kathy Sylva, Edward Melhuish, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart, Rebecca Smees, Diana Draghici, Katalin Toth Jan 2012

Influences On Students' Dispositions In Key Stage 3: Exploring Enjoyment Of School, Popularity, Anxiety, Citizenship Values And Academic Self-Concepts In Year 9, Pam Sammons, Kathy Sylva, Edward Melhuish, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart, Rebecca Smees, Diana Draghici, Katalin Toth

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Effective Pre-school, Primary and Secondary Education Project (EPPSE) has investigated the academic and social-behavioural development of approximately 3,000 children from the age of 3+ years since 1997. This Research Brief reports on students' dispositions when they were age 14 (Year 9) in six main areas: 'enjoyment of school', 'academic self concept' (English and maths), 'popularity', 'citizenship values' and 'anxiety'. It examines how these dispositions have changed during Key Stage 3 (KS3) and the relationships between dispositions and a range of individual student, family, home, pre-, primary and secondary school measures. It shows how school experiences help to shape ...


Exploring Flow Occurrence In Elite Golf, Christian F. Swann, Richard J. Keegan, David Piggott, Lee Crust, Mark F. Smith Jan 2012

Exploring Flow Occurrence In Elite Golf, Christian F. Swann, Richard J. Keegan, David Piggott, Lee Crust, Mark F. Smith

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Research on flow (Csikszentmihalyi, 1975) has traditionally focused on reactive, externally-paced sports (e.g., tennis) without exploring those that are self-paced and stopstart in nature. This study investigated the occurrence of flow in a sample of thirteen elite golfers by conducting semi-structured interviews discussing: (i) their experiences of flow, (ii) factors that influenced flow occurrence, and (iii) the controllability of these experiences. Results shared similarity with existing research in terms of the majority of influencing factors reported, including motivation, preparation, focus, psychological state, environmental and situational conditions, and arousal, and that flow was reported to be at least potentially controllable ...


It's Only Scary If It's About Me Or My Child: Different Responses To Emotional Appeals Targeting Asthma Awareness, Sandra C. Jones, Samantha L. Reis, Karen M. Larsen-Truong Jan 2012

It's Only Scary If It's About Me Or My Child: Different Responses To Emotional Appeals Targeting Asthma Awareness, Sandra C. Jones, Samantha L. Reis, Karen M. Larsen-Truong

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at Australian and New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference, Adelaide, 3-5 Dec 2012


Implementation Of A Motivational Climate - Classroom Or Physical Education Teachers: Examination Of Preservice Teachers Ability To Implement A Motivational Climate Within Physical Education, Dana J. Perlman, Kim Mckeen Jan 2012

Implementation Of A Motivational Climate - Classroom Or Physical Education Teachers: Examination Of Preservice Teachers Ability To Implement A Motivational Climate Within Physical Education, Dana J. Perlman, Kim Mckeen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between preservice classroom and physical education teachers ability to implement a motivational climate. A total of 51 preservice teachers were enrolled in an elementary physical education methods course for (a) classroom teachers or (b) physical education specialists. Data were collected using a systematic observation instrument during their course field experience. Analysis of data utilized a one-way MANOVA with follow-up univariate ANOVAs to examine group differences. Results indicated that preservice physical education teachers were significantly more able to apply principles that developed a positive motivational climate.


The Human Foveal Confluence And High Resolution Fmri, Mark M. Schira Jan 2012

The Human Foveal Confluence And High Resolution Fmri, Mark M. Schira

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the Vision Sciences Society meeting, 11-16 May 2012, Naples FL.


University Students' Subject Matter Knowledge And Misconception Of Teaching Games For Understanding And Its Implication To Teaching Practice, Julismah Jani, Phil Pearson, Greg Forrest, Paul Webb Jan 2012

University Students' Subject Matter Knowledge And Misconception Of Teaching Games For Understanding And Its Implication To Teaching Practice, Julismah Jani, Phil Pearson, Greg Forrest, Paul Webb

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This study is to track the subject matter knowledge of and misconception about Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) of fourth year undergraduate pre-service teachers' physical education majors at an Australian university. The test of reliability on misconception scale are subjected to a Rasch analysis (KR-20 = .52) which consists of 20 dichotomous questions with true/false answers. Analyses of the data reveal that students achieve a credit on subject matter knowledge and attain four misconceptions about TGfU. There is a significant (p < 0.05) difference in the scores for subject matter knowledge and concepts of TGfU through paired samples t test. These results imply that subject matter knowledge does have an effect on students' concepts of TGfU but with very low relationship (r(53 = .19, p < 0.05). The implication of content knowledge to teaching is to resist the pre-concept or misconception of the subject matter. If pre-service teachers are to improve the quality of teaching and learning in content areas, he or she needs to possess a deep understanding of games both within and across categories in TGfU. Misconceptions tend to be very resistant to instruction because learning entails replacing or radically reorganizing student knowledge. This puts teachers in the very challenging position of needing to bring about significant conceptual change in student knowledge. Therefore pre-service teachers must know the subject matter they teach and their performance will be determined by the depth of their content knowledge in relation to teaching, making this an essential component to their teaching practice. Teachers must know the subject they teach and this is important to teacher competency.


Assessing Depression In Older Adults In The Emergency Department: Reliability Of The 5-Item Geriatric Depression Scale, M Bissett, A Cusick Jan 2012

Assessing Depression In Older Adults In The Emergency Department: Reliability Of The 5-Item Geriatric Depression Scale, M Bissett, A Cusick

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the IFA 11th Global Conference on Ageing, 28 May-1 June 2012, Prague, Czech Republic


Does Targetted Assessment Of Function Influence Emergency Department Re-Poresentation In Older Adults: An Australian Insight, M Bissett, A Cusick Jan 2012

Does Targetted Assessment Of Function Influence Emergency Department Re-Poresentation In Older Adults: An Australian Insight, M Bissett, A Cusick

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the IFA 11th Global Conference on Ageing, 28 May-1 June 2012, Prague, Czech Republic


Applying Linguistics In Making Professional Practice Re-Visible, Tom Bartlett, Honglin Chen Jan 2012

Applying Linguistics In Making Professional Practice Re-Visible, Tom Bartlett, Honglin Chen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Editorial: In their introduction to the first issue of the relaunched Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice ( JALPP), Sarangi and Candlin (2010) give two readings to the conjunction of 'applied linguistics' and 'professional practice' in the title, signalling two complementary agendas in applied linguistics research. The first agenda is to extend the study of language and communication to a wider range of professional contexts, i.e. to respecify the field of applied linguistics; the second is to contribute to the transformation and recontextualization of the professional practices of applied linguists in advancing knowledge and providing professional judgement. Following this ...


Effects Of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Administration On Human Encoding And Recall Memory Function: A Pharmacological Fmri Study, Matthijs G. Bossong, Gerry Jager, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Lineke Zuurman, J Martijn Jansma, Mitul A. Mehta, Joop M. A Van Gerven, Rene S. Kahn, Nick F. Ramsey Jan 2012

Effects Of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Administration On Human Encoding And Recall Memory Function: A Pharmacological Fmri Study, Matthijs G. Bossong, Gerry Jager, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Lineke Zuurman, J Martijn Jansma, Mitul A. Mehta, Joop M. A Van Gerven, Rene S. Kahn, Nick F. Ramsey

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Deficits in memory function are an incapacitating aspect of various psychiatric and neurological disorders. Animal studies have recently provided strong evidence for involvement of the endocannabinoid (eCB) system in memory function. Neuropsychological studies in humans have shown less convincing evidence but suggest that administration of cannabinoid substances affects encoding rather than recall of information. In this study, we examined the effects of perturbation of the eCB system on memory function during both encoding and recall. We performed a pharmacological MRI study with a placebo-controlled, crossover design, investigating the effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) inhalation on associative memory-related brain function in 13 ...


Frequency Of Smoking Cessation Interventions From Health Care Providers In Minnesota, Megan N. Whittet, Raymond G. Boyle, Jeong Kyu Lee, Ann W.St Claire, Joanne D'Silva, Peter Rode, Ann M. Kinney Jan 2012

Frequency Of Smoking Cessation Interventions From Health Care Providers In Minnesota, Megan N. Whittet, Raymond G. Boyle, Jeong Kyu Lee, Ann W.St Claire, Joanne D'Silva, Peter Rode, Ann M. Kinney

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: There is strong evidence supporting the impact of health care provider advice on patients' smoking behavior. This paper examines adult smoker reports of health care provider smoking cessation interventions. Design: The 2010 Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey (MATS) is a random digit dial telephone survey with 7057 Minnesota adults. Both landline and mobile telephone samples were included. These samples were combined and weighted to represent the population of adults in Minnesota. Results: Among adult Minnesotans, 16.1% were current smokers, 80.9% reported seeing a health care provider in the past 12 months and 80.2% of those adults were ...


Effectiveness Of 'Signs And Symptoms' Campaigns For Lun G Cancer: A Rapid Review, Ross Gordon, Christopher Magee, Sandra Jones, Lyn Phillipson, Lance Barrie Jan 2012

Effectiveness Of 'Signs And Symptoms' Campaigns For Lun G Cancer: A Rapid Review, Ross Gordon, Christopher Magee, Sandra Jones, Lyn Phillipson, Lance Barrie

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Early diagnosis of lung cancer may be important in improving the survival rate and patients' quality of life. This Evidence Check review assessed the effectiveness of 'signs and symptoms' campaigns in influencing knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and help-seeking behaviour in the general community and at-risk groups. Interventions may be effective, but the evidence is limited overall, and very limited for at risk groups. Social marketing frameworks may provide a structure for future interventions.


Improving Cancer Outcomes Among Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Communities: A Rapid Review Of The Literature, Lyn Phillipson, Karen Larsen-Truong, Sandra Jones, Leissa Pitts Jan 2012

Improving Cancer Outcomes Among Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Communities: A Rapid Review Of The Literature, Lyn Phillipson, Karen Larsen-Truong, Sandra Jones, Leissa Pitts

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This Evidence Check review examined the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of Chinese, Vietnamese and Arabic speaking communities in Australia in relation to cancer, its causes, screening, treatments, perceptions of susceptibility, and perceived outcomes. The review explores fear, stigma, taboos, and the role of family, as well as the evidence of effectiveness of cancer prevention, detection and treatment interventions. There are significant gaps in the evidence base.


Complementary Medicine, Exercise, Meditation, Diet, And Lifestyle Modification For Anxiety Disorders: A Review Of Current Evidence, J Sarris, S Moylan, David Camfield, M P. Pase, D Mischoulon, M Berk, F N. Jacka, I Schweitzer Jan 2012

Complementary Medicine, Exercise, Meditation, Diet, And Lifestyle Modification For Anxiety Disorders: A Review Of Current Evidence, J Sarris, S Moylan, David Camfield, M P. Pase, D Mischoulon, M Berk, F N. Jacka, I Schweitzer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Use of complementary medicines and therapies (CAM) and modification of lifestyle factors such as physical activity, exercise, and diet are being increasingly considered as potential therapeutic options for anxiety disorders. The objective of this metareview was to examine evidence across a broad range of CAM and lifestyle interventions in the treatment of anxiety disorders. In early 2012 we conducted a literature search of PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and the Cochrane Library, for key studies, systematic reviews, and metaanalyses in the area. Our paper found that in respect to treatment of generalized anxiety or specific disorders, CAM evidence ...


Knowledge About Language In The Australian Curriculum: English, Beverly Derewianka Jan 2012

Knowledge About Language In The Australian Curriculum: English, Beverly Derewianka

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Somewhat surprisingly, an explicit knowledge about language has been often absent from English curricula. The new Australian Curriculum: English (ACARA, 2012) has taken a fairly radical step in placing knowledge about language at the core of classroom practice, thereby raising the issue of an appropriate model of language to inform the Language Strand of the Curriculum. This paper will outline the rationale behind the Language Strand, and will then make explicit its underlying model of language. The paper thus provides a context for the ensuing articles in this Special Focus Issue of AJLL, which take up various concerns in relation ...


Serial Recall, Word Frequency, And Mixed Lists: The Influence Of Item Arrangement, Leonie M. Miller, Steven J. Roodenrys Jan 2012

Serial Recall, Word Frequency, And Mixed Lists: The Influence Of Item Arrangement, Leonie M. Miller, Steven J. Roodenrys

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Studies of the effect of word frequency in the serial recall task show that lists of high-frequency words are better recalled than lists of low-frequency words; however, when high- and low-frequency words are alternated within a list, there is no difference in the level of recall for the two types of words, and recall is intermediate between lists of pure frequency. This pattern has been argued to arise from the development of a network of activated long-term representations of list items that support the redintegration of all list items in a nondirectional and nonspecific way. More recently, it has been ...


Does Cannabis Cause Lasting Brain Damage?, Nadia Solowij, Murat Yucel, Valentina Lorenzetti, Dan Lubman Jan 2012

Does Cannabis Cause Lasting Brain Damage?, Nadia Solowij, Murat Yucel, Valentina Lorenzetti, Dan Lubman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Until recently, it was possible to state with some confi - dence that there was no evidence of cannabis-related brain damage in humans. There was some support from the animal literature, but few human studies had been conducted where the findings could not be explained by methodological or other confounding factors. Recent evidence for gross morphological, connectivity and microstructural changes has now emerged that warrants further consideration. If cannabis were found to alter the structural integrity of the brain, then this may assist us to understand the mechanisms by which cannabis triggers psychotic symptoms or overt psychosis in vulnerable individuals.


The Role Of School Counsellors In Fostering Giftedness: The Australian Experience., Wilma Vialle Jan 2012

The Role Of School Counsellors In Fostering Giftedness: The Australian Experience., Wilma Vialle

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

An African proverb that resonates strongly with educators is that "it takes a whole village to raise a child". The proverb has been the inspiration for at least two books (Cowen-Fletcher 1994; Rodham Clinton, 1996) and countless t-shirt and greeting card designs, but, more importantly, its sentiment acknowledges the collective responsibility we bear for educating our children. Franz Monks has dedicated his long academic career to the field of gifted education and his wide-ranging contributions have epitomized this shared responsibility for ensuring that the gifts and talents of our young people are nurtured. Like many educators who have interacted with ...


Web 2.0 Adoption And User Characteristics, Jennifer Allyson Dooley, Sandra C. Jones, Donald C. Iverson Jan 2012

Web 2.0 Adoption And User Characteristics, Jennifer Allyson Dooley, Sandra C. Jones, Donald C. Iverson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A literature review and online search were conducted to document the rate of Web 2.0 adoption and to profile user characteristics. Substantial increases over time in reach and growth of the Internet and Web 2.0 by geography, technology, and age were found. Usage of the Internet, blogging, wikis, video sharing, and social networking demonstrates initially high rates among teens and young adults; recent shifts suggest older age categories are now also using Web 2.0. Internet users engage in Web 2.0 for various reasons, such as to seek or create news, entertainment, and even health information. Findings ...


Peer Support In A Mental Health Service Context, Lindsay G. Oades, Frank P. Deane, Julie Anderson Jan 2012

Peer Support In A Mental Health Service Context, Lindsay G. Oades, Frank P. Deane, Julie Anderson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This chapter will first summarise the range of definitions that have been provided for peer support, in a mental health context. Clarifications of the different aims of peer support initiatives aud the potential psychological processes that underpin them are then provided. Three key forms that peer support groups may take are then described and we track Sam as he experiences peer support in the context of job seeking. A summary of existing empirical evidence for peer support groups is provided before examining some of the necessary tensions that may exist between the alternative views of those coming from inside the ...


Generalisation From Three-Quarter Views Of Faces In The Yaw And Pitch Axes., Simone K. Favelle, Stephen A. Palmisano Jan 2012

Generalisation From Three-Quarter Views Of Faces In The Yaw And Pitch Axes., Simone K. Favelle, Stephen A. Palmisano

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 39th Australasian Experimental Psychology Conference, University of New South Wales, 12-15 April 2012


The Role Of Motion In Recognising Facial Expressions., Simone K. Favelle, A Tobin, M Demayo, R Palermo Jan 2012

The Role Of Motion In Recognising Facial Expressions., Simone K. Favelle, A Tobin, M Demayo, R Palermo

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Poster presented at the 39th Australasian Experimental Psychology Conference, University of New South Wales, 12-15 April 2012


Canadian Directive With Regard To Sedentary Behavior In Young Infants (0-4 Years), Mark S. Tremblay, Allana G. Leblanc, Valerie Carson, Louise Choquette, Sarah Conor Gorber, Carrie Dillman, Mary Duggan, Mary J. Gordon, Audrey Hicks, Ian Janssen, Michelle E. Kho, Amy E. Latimer-Cheung, Claire Leblanc, Kelly Murumets, Anthony D. Okely, John Reilly, Jodie A. Stearns, Brian W. Timmons, John C. Spence Jan 2012

Canadian Directive With Regard To Sedentary Behavior In Young Infants (0-4 Years), Mark S. Tremblay, Allana G. Leblanc, Valerie Carson, Louise Choquette, Sarah Conor Gorber, Carrie Dillman, Mary Duggan, Mary J. Gordon, Audrey Hicks, Ian Janssen, Michelle E. Kho, Amy E. Latimer-Cheung, Claire Leblanc, Kelly Murumets, Anthony D. Okely, John Reilly, Jodie A. Stearns, Brian W. Timmons, John C. Spence

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP), with assistance from multiple partners, stakeholders, and researchers, developed the first Canadian Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines for the Early Years (aged 0-4 years). These national guidelines are in response to a call from health and health care professionals, child care providers, and fitness practitioners for guidance on sedentary behaviour in the early years. The guideline development process followed the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research Evaluation (AGREE) II framework. The recommendations are informed by evidence from a systematic review that examined the relationships between sedentary behaviour (predominantly screen time) and health indicators (healthy body weight ...


What Do Australian Consumers Think About Current Advertising Standards?, Sandra Carol Jones, Katherine Eagleton Jan 2012

What Do Australian Consumers Think About Current Advertising Standards?, Sandra Carol Jones, Katherine Eagleton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The concept of community standards is the cornerstone of advertising self-regulation in Australia. However, there is a dearth of research on current attitudes towards advertising and a virtual absence of such data in an Australian context. A questionnaire was developed to assess consumer attitudes towards advertising; respondents were 872 adults residing in New South Wales. We found high levels of concern regarding advertising standards in general and a consistent perception that advertising should not, for example, use coarse language or violent images, portray women or men as sex objects or show nudity, stereotype or make fun of groups of people ...


Preventing The Spread Of Colds And Flu: A University Based Social Marketing Campaign, Sandra C. Jones, Lyn Phillipson, Karen M. Larsen-Truong, Lance R. Barrie Jan 2012

Preventing The Spread Of Colds And Flu: A University Based Social Marketing Campaign, Sandra C. Jones, Lyn Phillipson, Karen M. Larsen-Truong, Lance R. Barrie

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Each year seasonal influenza in Australia causes an estimated 18,000 hospitalisations, 300,000 General Practitioner consultations, and 1,500 to 3,500 deaths (Newall et al., 2007). Influenza and other viral infections are commonly spread person-to-person by inhaling infectious droplets transmitted when talking, coughing or sneezing (NSW Ministry of Health, 2011). Viruses can survive for an hour or more in the air of closed environments (Weber and Stilianakis, 2008); transmission of the virus from tissues to hands is possible for up to 15 minutes, and from surfaces to hands for up to five minutes (Bean et al., 1982). Individuals ...


What Counts As Comprehension In Teacher Practice?, Susan Byers, Pauline T. Jones, Lisa K. Kervin Jan 2012

What Counts As Comprehension In Teacher Practice?, Susan Byers, Pauline T. Jones, Lisa K. Kervin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Comprehension is generally considered to be an essential skill required in all learning areas. The Australian Curriculum argues that much of the explicit teaching of literacy occurs in the English learning area, and is strengthened, made specific and extended in other learning areas as students engage in a range of learning activities with significant literacy demands (ACARA, 2012, p. 9). This has important ramifications for all teachers because they are charged with the responsibility of ensuring their students acquire the literacy skills necessary for success in the discipline areas. Despite this, comprehension means different things to different people. This paper ...


Alcohol Brand Websites: Implications For Social Marketing, Lance Barrie, Ross Gordon, Sandra C. Jones Jan 2012

Alcohol Brand Websites: Implications For Social Marketing, Lance Barrie, Ross Gordon, Sandra C. Jones

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper presents the findings from exploratory research that explored young people's attitudes and responses to alcohol brand websites. In recent years alcohol marketing spend has increasingly shifted away from spending on advertising in traditional media to other channels such as Internet and social media (Gordon, 2011). Systematic reviews of the evidence suggest that alcohol marketing is associated with drinking behaviours (Anderson et al. 2009). Therefore, research on the nature and impact of marketing in such channels is warranted. The findings from this study can help inform upstream social marketing (advocacy, policy making) to regulate alcohol marketing (Hastings, 2007 ...


Assessing Alcohol Consumption In Older Adults: Looking For A Solution To Inform Evaluation Of Social Marketing Campaigns, Sandra C. Jones, Lance Barrie, Laura Robinson Jan 2012

Assessing Alcohol Consumption In Older Adults: Looking For A Solution To Inform Evaluation Of Social Marketing Campaigns, Sandra C. Jones, Lance Barrie, Laura Robinson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Alcohol consumption in older people presents unique challenges due to changes in body composition, co-morbid conditions and associated mediations, as well as a reduction in metabolic capacity. As such, this generation has been identified as an at-risk group by the NHRMC (NHRMC, 2011). For the purpose of this paper "older" adults are individuals aged 65 years and over. The NHMRC produced guidelines for minimising the risks associated with alcohol consumption in 2001 (NHMRC, 2001). While the 2001 NHMRC guidelines did not provide specific recommendations regarding levels of consumption for older people the revised 2009 guidelines recommend, 'Older people are advised ...


Breathlessness Is Not A Normal Part Of Aging: Development And Testing Of Asthma Awareness Messages For Older Australians, Sandra C. Jones, Uwana Evers, Donald C. Iverson, Peter Caputi, Sara Morgan, Michele Goldman Jan 2012

Breathlessness Is Not A Normal Part Of Aging: Development And Testing Of Asthma Awareness Messages For Older Australians, Sandra C. Jones, Uwana Evers, Donald C. Iverson, Peter Caputi, Sara Morgan, Michele Goldman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

At least 420,000 Australian adults aged 55 years and over, or one in 10, currently have asthma (Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring 2008). Asthma is under-diagnosed, often misdiagnosed, and undertreated in the older adult population in Australia (Gibson, McDonald and Marks 2010, Marks and Poulos 2005, Wilson et al 2001) as it is overseas. Contrary to the perception that asthma is a childhood disease, asthma can develop in older adults (Adams and Ruffin 2005). The risk of dying from asthma increases with age (AIHW 2010). While the overall mortality rate has decreased by almost 70% since 1989, much of ...


"I Hope This Can Be Shared With Everyone In Lots Of Schools": A Novel Intervention To Improve Social Skills Of Peers Of Children With Autism, Sandra Jones, Joanne Telenta, Fiona Mckay Jan 2012

"I Hope This Can Be Shared With Everyone In Lots Of Schools": A Novel Intervention To Improve Social Skills Of Peers Of Children With Autism, Sandra Jones, Joanne Telenta, Fiona Mckay

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are lifelong developmental disabilities characterised by marked difficulties in social interaction, impaired communication, restricted and repetitive interests and behaviours, and sensory sensitivities (Aspect 2009). While there is considerable debate as to prevalence, Centrelink data shows an estimated prevalence of 62.5 per 10,000 for 6-12 year old children (McDermott et al. 2007). While young children find social situations aversive and prefer to play alone, as these children reach their teens many desire social contact with their peers but lack the ability to form and maintain friendships. Observations in schools demonstrate peer interaction in children with ...