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Full-Text Articles in Education

England: Sure Start, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky Jan 2010

England: Sure Start, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Sure Start Local Programme (SSLP) initiative was launched in 1999, resulting in over 500 SSLPs by 2004, with further expansion thereafter to cover almost all deprived areas in England.


Evaluating Sure Start In England, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky Jan 2010

Evaluating Sure Start In England, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The National Evaluation of Sure Start (NESS) was commissioned to study Sure Start Local Programmes (SSLPs), addressing the nature of SSLP communities, programme implementation and impact on children, families and communities, as well as costeffectiveness.


The 2007-09 Financial Crisis: Narrating And Politicising A Calamity, Noel Castree Jan 2010

The 2007-09 Financial Crisis: Narrating And Politicising A Calamity, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The events triggered by defaults on 'sub-prime' mortgages have been widely described as constituting a 'crisis'. But a crisis of what exactly? Several different explanations of the 20 month drama that unfolded from summer 2007 have been proposed by a wide range of commentators. These include journalists, academics, politicians, business-people, pundits and public administrators, among others. This essay parses this superfluity of crisis talk into five principal accounts. It focuses on the Anglo-American scene. The interpretations presented range from the simplistic and populist to the complex and specialised. They are compared and contrasted, and in each case their diverse normative ...


Observations Of Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers In Inclusive Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter Jan 2010

Observations Of Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers In Inclusive Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The importance of social versus functional integration for children with developmental disabilities has been widely discussed in the literature. Although a great deal of research has been conducted to describe the features of relationships and friendships between typical preschool and primary school children, very little research has attempted to apply the same quantitative process to defining the relationships that children with developmental disabilities develop with their peers in inclusive settings. This article discusses the results of research conducted in Alice Springs, Australia, in which playground observations were used to systematically describe the social relationships of 25 children with developmental disabilities ...


Hiv-Positive Kidney Transplants For Hiv-Positive Individuals: Attitudes And Concerns Of South African Patients And Health Care Workers, Suzanne Gokool, June Fabian, W Venter, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Saraladevi Naicker Jan 2010

Hiv-Positive Kidney Transplants For Hiv-Positive Individuals: Attitudes And Concerns Of South African Patients And Health Care Workers, Suzanne Gokool, June Fabian, W Venter, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Saraladevi Naicker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In South Africa, an estimated 30% of the cadaveric donor pool is HIV-infected; in consequence, these organs are discarded. An undersupply of donor organs combined with limited resources, tends to exclude HIV-positive patients from renal replacement programmes. We evaluated the acceptance of using HIV-positive donor kidneys for transplantation into HIV-infected recipients, and found that the vast majority (90% of health care workers and 80% of patients, N=20 and 80, respectively) found this approach acceptable for expanding the organ donor pool, which indicates broad patient and health care worker support for using HIV-infected donor kidneys.Participants: 80 patients were recruited ...


Future Hiv Vaccine Acceptability Among Young Adults In South Africa, Jennifer Sayles, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Peter Newman, William Cunningham Jan 2010

Future Hiv Vaccine Acceptability Among Young Adults In South Africa, Jennifer Sayles, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Peter Newman, William Cunningham

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Developing and disseminating a preventive HIV vaccine is a primary scientific and public health objective. However, little is known about HIV vaccine acceptability in the high-prevalence setting of South Africa- where young adults are likely to be targeted in early dissemination efforts. This study reports on six focus groups (n = 42) conducted in 2007 with South Africans aged 18 to 24 years. A deductive framework approach is used to identify key motivators and barriers to future HIV vaccine uptake. Participants identify HIV testing, HIV stigma, mistrust of the health care system, and concerns about sexual disinhibition as barriers to vaccine ...


Putting Culture Under The 'Spotlight' Reveals Universal Information Use For Face Recognition, Roberto Caldara, Xinyue Zhou, Sebastien R. Miellet Jan 2010

Putting Culture Under The 'Spotlight' Reveals Universal Information Use For Face Recognition, Roberto Caldara, Xinyue Zhou, Sebastien R. Miellet

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Eye movement strategies employed by humans to identify conspecifics are not universal. Westerners predominantly fixate the eyes during face recognition, whereas Easterners more the nose region, yet recognition accuracy is comparable. However, natural fixations do not unequivocally represent information extraction. So the question of whether humans universally use identical facial information to recognize faces remains unresolved. Methodology/Principal Findings: We monitored eye movements during face recognition of Western Caucasian (WC) and East Asian (EA) observers with a novel technique in face recognition that parametrically restricts information outside central vision. We used 'Spotlights' with Gaussian apertures of 2°, 5° or ...


Investigating Cultural Diversity For Extrafoveal Information Use In Visual Scenes, Sebastien R. Miellet, Xinyue Zhou, Lingnan He, Helen Rodger, Roberto Caldara Jan 2010

Investigating Cultural Diversity For Extrafoveal Information Use In Visual Scenes, Sebastien R. Miellet, Xinyue Zhou, Lingnan He, Helen Rodger, Roberto Caldara

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Culture shapes how people gather information from the visual world. We recently showed that Western observers focus on the eyes region during face recognition, whereas Eastern observers fixate predominantly the center of faces, suggesting a more effective use of extrafoveal information for Easterners compared to Westerners. However, the cultural variation in eye movements during scene perception is a highly debated topic. Additionally, the extent to which those perceptual differences across observers from different cultures rely on modulations of extrafoveal information use remains to be clarified. We used a gaze-contingent technique designed to dynamically mask central vision, the Blindspot, during a ...


Influence Of Muscle Fitness Test Performance On Metabolic Risk Factors Among Adolescent Girls, Jorge Mota, Susana Vale, Clarice Martins, Anelise Gaya, Carla Moreira, Rute Santos, Jose Ribeiro Jan 2010

Influence Of Muscle Fitness Test Performance On Metabolic Risk Factors Among Adolescent Girls, Jorge Mota, Susana Vale, Clarice Martins, Anelise Gaya, Carla Moreira, Rute Santos, Jose Ribeiro

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background The purpose of this study was to examine the association between muscular fitness (MF), assessed by 2 components of Fitnessgram test battery, the Curl-Up and Push-Ups tests and the metabolic risk score among adolescent girls. Methods A total of 229 girls (aged 12-15 years old) comprised the sample of this study. Anthropometric data (height, body mass, waist circumference) were collected. Body mass index (BMI) was also calculated. Muscular strength was assessed taking into account the tests that comprised the FITNESSGRAM test battery, i.e. the curl-up and the push-up. Participants were then categorized in one of 3 categories according ...


The Relationship Of Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Birth Weight And Parental Bmi On Adolescents Obesity Status, Susana Vale, Rute Santos, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Jorge Mota Jan 2010

The Relationship Of Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Birth Weight And Parental Bmi On Adolescents Obesity Status, Susana Vale, Rute Santos, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Jorge Mota

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background/Objectives:

The aims of this study were as follows: (1) to analyze differences in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), parents’ body mass index (BMI) and birth weight (BW) between non-overweight (NOW) and overweight/obese (OV/OB) adolescents, and (2) to investigate the association of those variables with the risk of their biological offspring being OV/OB.

Subjects/Methods:

This study comprised 788 adolescents (477 girls and 311 boys), aged between 12 and 18 years. CRF was predicted by maximal multistage 20-m shuttle-run test according to the procedures described in FITNESSGRAM. Children's BMI was classified according to the International Obesity Task ...


Sitting Time And Body Mass Index, In A Portuguese Sample Of Men: Results From The Azorean Physical Activity And Health Study (Apahs), Rute Santos, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Susana Vale, Carla Moreira, Ana I. Marques, Jorge Mota Jan 2010

Sitting Time And Body Mass Index, In A Portuguese Sample Of Men: Results From The Azorean Physical Activity And Health Study (Apahs), Rute Santos, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Susana Vale, Carla Moreira, Ana I. Marques, Jorge Mota

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The aim of this study was to verify the relation between body mass index (BMI) and sitting time in a sample of 4,091 Azorean men. BMI was calculated from self-reported weight and height. Total physical activity (PA) time and total sitting time were assessed with the IPAQ (short version). Linear Regression analysis showed that total sitting time (hours/day) was positively associated with BMI (B = 0.078; p < 0.001) after adjustments for age, meal frequency, alcohol and tobacco consumptions, island of residence, education level and total PA time. Although the cross sectional design precludes us from establishing causality, our findings emphasize the importance of reducing sedentary behavior to decrease the risk of obesity.


Impact Of The Home Learning Environment On Child Cognitive Development: Secondary Analysis Of Data From 'Growing Up In Scotland', Edward Melhuish Jan 2010

Impact Of The Home Learning Environment On Child Cognitive Development: Secondary Analysis Of Data From 'Growing Up In Scotland', Edward Melhuish

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This study aims to investigate whether interview-based measures of children’s activities are associated with cognitive ability at age 34 months, and whether they have independent effects once socio-demographic factors have been taken into account.


Drought And The Future Of Rural Communities: Drought Impacts And Adaptation In Regional Victoria, Australia, Anthony S. Kiem, Louise E. Askew, Meg Sherval, Danielle C. Verdon-Kidd, Craig Clifton, Emma Austin, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Helen L. Berry Jan 2010

Drought And The Future Of Rural Communities: Drought Impacts And Adaptation In Regional Victoria, Australia, Anthony S. Kiem, Louise E. Askew, Meg Sherval, Danielle C. Verdon-Kidd, Craig Clifton, Emma Austin, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Helen L. Berry

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The National Climate Change Research Facility (NCCARF) is undertaking a program of Synthesis and Integrative Research to synthesise existing and emerging national and international research on climate change impacts and adaptation. The purpose of this program is to provide decision-makers with the information they need to manage the risks of climate change. This report on drought and the future of rural communities in regional Victoria forms part of a series of studies/reports commissioned by NCCARF that look at historical extreme weather events, their impacts and subsequent adaptations. These studies examine particular events - primarily extremes - and seek to explore prior ...


Characteristics Of The Closest Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers In Inclusive Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter Jan 2010

Characteristics Of The Closest Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers In Inclusive Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Inclusive education has become more common in schools, and children with developmental disabilities have had greater opportunities to interact, and hopefully establish relationships with their typically developing peers. While the quality of friendships between typically developing children has been examined in detail, relatively little comparable data is available on children with developmental disabilities. The current study provided an examination of the characteristics of the closest relationships between children with developmental disabilities and peers in inclusive school settings. Twenty-five children with developmental disabilities aged between approximately 5 and 12 years participated. Using an interview instrument, the relationships of these children with ...


A 'Crisis', But Of What?, Noel Castree Jan 2010

A 'Crisis', But Of What?, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The current economic crisis has generated a discussion about its fundemental causes. Five major explanations for the crisis have been put forth by different stakeholders and critics. We analyze each of the five explanations and critically reflect, from a Marxist perspective, upon the vested power interests and political consequences in promoting this or that explanation.


Pre-School Experience And Key Stage 2 Performance In English And Mathematics, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart Jan 2010

Pre-School Experience And Key Stage 2 Performance In English And Mathematics, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This report considers children's educational attainment in English and mathematics at the end of primary school (age 11). Children's educational attainment in English and mathematics was derived from their national Key Stage 2 assessments. The analyses have considered the child's level of Key Stage 2 attainment in terms of the effects of child, family, home environment and preschool experience variables as well as the child's ability at the start of primary school.


The Role Of Demonstrator Familiarity And Language Cues On Infant Imitation From Television, Sabine Seehagen, Jane S. Herbert Jan 2010

The Role Of Demonstrator Familiarity And Language Cues On Infant Imitation From Television, Sabine Seehagen, Jane S. Herbert

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

An imitation procedure was used to investigate the impact of demonstrator familiarity and language cues on infant learning from television. Eighteen-month-old infants watched two pre-recorded videos showing an adult demonstrating a sequence of actions with two sets of stimuli. Infants' familiarity with the demonstrator and the language used during the demonstration varied as a function of experimental condition. Immediately after watching each video, infants' ability to reproduce the target actions was assessed. A highly familiar demonstrator did not enhance infants' performance. However, the addition of a narrative, developed from mothers' naturalistic description of the event, facilitated learning from an unfamiliar ...


Influence Of Racism And Context On Ethnic Differences In Adolescent Mental Health Trajectories: The Determinants Of Adolescent Social Well-Being And Health (Dash) Study, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Maria J. Maynard, Erik Lenguerrand, Seeromanie Harding Jan 2010

Influence Of Racism And Context On Ethnic Differences In Adolescent Mental Health Trajectories: The Determinants Of Adolescent Social Well-Being And Health (Dash) Study, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Maria J. Maynard, Erik Lenguerrand, Seeromanie Harding

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 5th Conference of Epidemiological Longitudinal Studies in Europe (CELSE 2010), 13-15 October 2010, Paphos, Cyprus


"I Don't Eat A Hamburger And Large Chips Every Day!" A Qualitative Study Of The Impact Of Public Health Messages About Obesity On Obese Adults, Sophie Lewis, Samantha L. Thomas, Jim Hyde, David Castle, R. Warwick Blood, Paul A. Komesaroff Jan 2010

"I Don't Eat A Hamburger And Large Chips Every Day!" A Qualitative Study Of The Impact Of Public Health Messages About Obesity On Obese Adults, Sophie Lewis, Samantha L. Thomas, Jim Hyde, David Castle, R. Warwick Blood, Paul A. Komesaroff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background We are a society that is fixated on the health consequences of 'being fat'. Public health agencies play an important role in 'alerting' people about the risks that obesity poses both to individuals and to the broader society. Quantitative studies suggest people comprehend the physical health risks involved but underestimate their own risk because they do not recognise that they are obese. Methods This qualitative study seeks to expand on existing research by exploring obese individuals' perceptions of public health messages about risk, how they apply these messages to themselves and how their personal and social contexts and experiences ...


Do Health Beliefs And Behaviors Differ According To Severity Of Obesity? A Qualitative Study Of Australian Adults, Sophie Lewis, Samantha L. Thomas, R. Warwick Blood, Jim Hyde, David J. Castle, Paul A. Komesaroff Jan 2010

Do Health Beliefs And Behaviors Differ According To Severity Of Obesity? A Qualitative Study Of Australian Adults, Sophie Lewis, Samantha L. Thomas, R. Warwick Blood, Jim Hyde, David J. Castle, Paul A. Komesaroff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Public responses to obesity have focused on providing standardized messages and supports to all obese individuals, but there is limited understanding of the impact of these messages on obese adults. This descriptive qualitative study using in-depth interviews and a thematic method of analysis, compares the health beliefs and behaviors of 141 Australian adults with mild to moderate (BMI 30−39.9) and severe (BMI ≥ 40) obesity. Mildly obese individuals felt little need to change their health behaviors or to lose weight for health reasons. Most believed they could “lose weight” if they needed to, distanced themselves from the word obesity ...


Australian Media's Use Of Facebook Postings To Report Events Of National Interest, Marissa Dickins, Samantha L. Thomas, Kate Holland Jan 2010

Australian Media's Use Of Facebook Postings To Report Events Of National Interest, Marissa Dickins, Samantha L. Thomas, Kate Holland

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Online social networking sites such as Facebook have grown exponentially in recent times, yet little research has examined how the mainstream news media use the information available on these sites. This study explores how the Australian media used the social networking site Facebook in reporting three different news events: the disappearance of Australian backpacker Britt Lapthorne; the death of 4-year-old Darcey Freeman; and the devastating 'Black Saturday' Victorian bushfires. Sixty-four articles from Australian newspapers were identified pertaining to these three case studies within a seven month period from August 2008 to February 2009. An inductive thematic approach was used to ...


On Being 'Fat': Obese And Overweight Australians Respond To News Depictions Of Obesity And Overweight, Richard Warwick Blood, Kate Holland, Samantha Thomas, Asuntha Karunaratne, Sophie Lewis Jan 2010

On Being 'Fat': Obese And Overweight Australians Respond To News Depictions Of Obesity And Overweight, Richard Warwick Blood, Kate Holland, Samantha Thomas, Asuntha Karunaratne, Sophie Lewis

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

There is scarce research into the ways in which overweight and obese people interpret news media coverage of obesity and the so called obesity epidemic. This paper reports on a qualitative study using a purposive sample of 152 overweight, obese and morbidly obese people living in Melbourne, Australia. Most participants felt the news tended to portray them in negative and stereotypical ways. Characteristic portrayals identified by participants included obese and overweight people as: morally irresponsible and a burden on society; objects of ridicule and derision; and the subject of dehumanising images. Participants were highly reflexive and their personal experience as ...


'That's Not Reality For Me': Australian Audiences Respond To The Biggest Loser, Kate Holland, Richard Warwick Blood, Samantha Thomas, Asuntha Karunaratne, Sophie Lewis Jan 2010

'That's Not Reality For Me': Australian Audiences Respond To The Biggest Loser, Kate Holland, Richard Warwick Blood, Samantha Thomas, Asuntha Karunaratne, Sophie Lewis

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper focuses on how Australian audiences who meet the BMI criteria of being obese or morbidly obese read the television program The Biggest Loser. The study consisted of 152 semi-structured interviews in which people were asked about media representations of obesity in general and The Biggest Loser in particular. Four central themes emerged from our analysis of the interview data: Showing the struggle; Watching the transformation; Creating unrealistic expectations; Reinforcing misconceptions and exploiting people. Many people were reflexive about their complicity as viewers in a process in which obese people, like themselves, are ridiculed and humiliated and, while many ...


Beyond Rhetoric In Debates About The Ethics Of Marketing Prescription Medicines To Consumers: The Importance Of Vulnerability In People, Situations And Relationships, Stacy M. Carter, Gabrielle N. Samuel, Ian Kerridge, Richard Day, Rachel A. Ankeny, Christopher F. Jordens, Paul Komesaroff Jan 2010

Beyond Rhetoric In Debates About The Ethics Of Marketing Prescription Medicines To Consumers: The Importance Of Vulnerability In People, Situations And Relationships, Stacy M. Carter, Gabrielle N. Samuel, Ian Kerridge, Richard Day, Rachel A. Ankeny, Christopher F. Jordens, Paul Komesaroff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article examines community responses to the marketing of prescription medicines. Historically, debates about such marketing have focused on alleged unscrupulousness of pharmaceutical companies and on the quality of information provided. Six focus groups were conducted in Sydney, Australia, three with older and three with younger community members. Analysis examined interactions between group members, the positions participants took up, conflicting arguments, and explanations for variation. Participants argued specifically rather than generally about consumer marketing of medicines. Neither the moral purpose of corporations nor the quality of information in advertisements was particularly important. Instead, pharmaceutical marketing was assessed in relation to ...


Young Worker Injury Experience In South Australia 1998-2007, Nasreeb Jahan, Dino Pisaniello, Sasha Stewart, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Helen Winefield Jan 2010

Young Worker Injury Experience In South Australia 1998-2007, Nasreeb Jahan, Dino Pisaniello, Sasha Stewart, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Helen Winefield

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This special report has been compiled by The University of Adelaide and provides an overview of young worker injury claims experience for a 10-year period. It aims to highlight occupational injury epidemiology and time trends, and will be of interest to public health practitioners dealing with adolescents and young adults.


Supporting Patient Autonomy: The Importance Of Clinician-Patient Relationships, Vikki A. Entwistle, Stacy M. Carter, Alan Cribb, Kirsten Mccaffery Jan 2010

Supporting Patient Autonomy: The Importance Of Clinician-Patient Relationships, Vikki A. Entwistle, Stacy M. Carter, Alan Cribb, Kirsten Mccaffery

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Personal autonomy is widely valued. Recognition of its vulnerability in health care contexts led to the inclusion of respect for autonomy as a key concern in biomedical ethics. The principle of respect for autonomy is usually associated with allowing or enabling patients to make their own decisions about which health care interventions they will or will not receive. In this paper, we suggest that a strong focus on decision situations is problematic, especially when combined with a tendency to stress the importance of patients' independence in choosing. It distracts attention from other important aspects of and challenges to autonomy in ...


Adaptation Of An Interview-Based Protocol To Examine Close Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter Jan 2010

Adaptation Of An Interview-Based Protocol To Examine Close Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The purpose of this study was to determine whether an interview protocol, based on the Friendship Quality Questionnaire, could be adapted to examine the close relationships of children with developmental disabilities in an inclusive school setting. Twenty-five children with developmental disabilities aged between approximately 5 and 12 years participated and their relationships with 74 peers were examined. Several adaptations to the procedures and interview instrument were evaluated, including gathering interview data from multiple sources and the development of a short form of the interview questionnaire. Overall, the adaptations to procedures used in the current study appeared successful in catering for ...


The Quality Of Group Childcare Settings Used By 3-4 Year Old Children In Sure Start Local Programme Areas And The Relationship With Child Outcomes, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky, Kristen Macpherson, Andrew Cullis Jan 2010

The Quality Of Group Childcare Settings Used By 3-4 Year Old Children In Sure Start Local Programme Areas And The Relationship With Child Outcomes, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky, Kristen Macpherson, Andrew Cullis

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Sure Start Local Programmes (SSLPs), now Sure Start Children's Centres, aim to support young children and their families by integrating early education, childcare, healthcare and family support services in disadvantaged areas. SSLPs aim to improve the health and well-being of families and young children, so that children will have greater oppor tunity to do well in school and later life. This study investigates pre-school group childcare (ch ildminders were not include d) used by children in 150 SSLP areas, and makes comparisons with childcare used by children in England overall. Also the study investigates links between childcare quality and ...


Factors Associated With Hiv Testing Among Public Sector Clinic Attendees In Johannesburg, South Africa, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Sujit Suchindran, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe Jan 2010

Factors Associated With Hiv Testing Among Public Sector Clinic Attendees In Johannesburg, South Africa, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Sujit Suchindran, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Uptake of VCT remains low in many sub-Saharan African countries. Men and women aged 15 and older were recruited from a family planning, STI, and VCT clinic in inner-city Johannesburg between 2004 and 2005 to take part in a cross-sectional survey on HIV testing (n = 198). Fourty-eight percent of participants reported previously testing for HIV and, of these, 86.9% reported disclosing their status to their sex partner. In multivariable analyses, individuals whose partners had been tested for HIV were more likely to have tested (AOR 2.92; 95% CI: 1.38-6.20). In addition, those who reported greater blame ...


Sure Start And Its Evaluation In England, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky, Jacqueline Barnes Jan 2010

Sure Start And Its Evaluation In England, Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky, Jacqueline Barnes

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In 1998 a U.K. government review concluded that disadvantage among young children was increasing and early intervention could alleviate poor outcomes. It recommended a change in service design and delivery, integrating across all relevant agencies, to be area-based, with all children under five and their families as clients. Among the aims were avoiding the stigmatization often associated with targeted programs while fostering child, family and community functioning. From 1999 the first Sure Start Local Programmes (SSLPs) focused on the 20% most deprived areas, including about half of children living below the official poverty line. Sure Start has evolved over ...