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An Investigation Into The Impacts Of Peer Discourse On Students' Comprehension Proficiency With A Specific Focus On English Language Learners And Students With Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis, Laura A. Gallagher May 2015

An Investigation Into The Impacts Of Peer Discourse On Students' Comprehension Proficiency With A Specific Focus On English Language Learners And Students With Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis, Laura A. Gallagher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper investigated the findings of a previously conducted meta-analysis involving the impacts of peer discussion on student’s comprehension. This paper also examined, synthesized, and analyzed the previous quantitative studies that have been conducted regarding the effectiveness of engaging students in classroom discussion after reading, in order to enhance their comprehension of what they read. The present research serves the purpose of adding to and extending the current knowledge of the roles that teachers and students play in peer discourse, the ways in which classroom interactions can impact the comprehension of culturally and linguistically diverse students, make connections between ...


Decreasing Homework Excuses And Increasing Homework Hand-Ins, Stacy Leigh Belden Aug 2007

Decreasing Homework Excuses And Increasing Homework Hand-Ins, Stacy Leigh Belden

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As expectations have increased for student performance on state and federally mandated examinations, teachers have experienced increased pressure to teach students a substantial amount of material in a short amount of time. Teachers assign homework in an effort to teach the required material effectively and efficiently, but this effort is thwarted as students often return with unfinished work. This thesis project charts the discussion around homework since its inception and explores not only the reasons that teachers assign homework but the reasons students fail to complete it. The author conducted her research on her own class of sixth grade students ...


The Effects Of A Kindergarten Home Reading Program, Patricia Siracusa Jun 2002

The Effects Of A Kindergarten Home Reading Program, Patricia Siracusa

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a kindergarten home reading program with parents reading books to their children. The program required parents to read stories to their children and to discuss the stories afterwards. Subjects included 46 kindergarten students and their parents. The families came from an upstate New York suburban school district. The students participated in a half-day kindergarten program. Students participated in a home reading program that started in January and continued through March. Children (with parents' assistance) were asked to read a minimum of 26 books during the program, one for each ...


Sight Vocabulary And Computers: The Effect Of Stories Written In The Program Powerpoint On The Acquisition Of Sight Vocabulary In First Grade Students, Christopher J. Pratt May 2002

Sight Vocabulary And Computers: The Effect Of Stories Written In The Program Powerpoint On The Acquisition Of Sight Vocabulary In First Grade Students, Christopher J. Pratt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using fifth grade students' stories presented in a PowerPoint format as a tool for developing sight vocabulary for first graders.

The subjects were two heterogeneously grouped classes, a first grade and fifth grade class, from a suburban upstate school district in New York. There were twenty first graders who served as both treatment group A and treatment group B. The fifth grade students served as the cross-aged tutors that helped the first graders as they read.

Pretests of sight words were administered before the first grade students read the ...


An Investigation Of The Effects Of Using Literature To Promote The Understanding Of Mathematical Concepts In Children With Learning Disabilities, Stephanie Miller May 2001

An Investigation Of The Effects Of Using Literature To Promote The Understanding Of Mathematical Concepts In Children With Learning Disabilities, Stephanie Miller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to test the hypothesis that including children's literature in the mathematics curriculum improves understanding of math concepts for children with learning disabilities. The subjects included 47 third grade students from a suburban school district outside of Rochester, New York. The children were divided into experimental and control groups. The control group received their regular mathematics curriculum, while the experimental group received the addition of children's literature to the regular curriculum. No statistical significance was noted quantitatively, while qualitatively, improvements were noted in children's attitudes and involvement with the curriculum.


The Effects Of Using The Modified Neurological Impress Method To Improve The Fluency Of Second And Third-Grade Low Achieving Readers, Denise T. Sprout May 2001

The Effects Of Using The Modified Neurological Impress Method To Improve The Fluency Of Second And Third-Grade Low Achieving Readers, Denise T. Sprout

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of using the modified neurological impress method to improve the reading fluency of five low achieving second and third grade students. All of the subjects attended a rural public elementary school in western New York. Students in the study received remedial reading support in addition to the modified NIM sessions. The study was conducted over an eight-week period. The researcher trained four parent volunteers and a classroom monitor to implement the modified NIM and recording procedures. Parent volunteers met with students four times a week for approximately 10 to 15 ...


The Effect Of Implementing The Cognitive Strategy Of Reciprocal Teaching To Facilitate Student Comprehension, Susan M. Hasenauer Aug 1999

The Effect Of Implementing The Cognitive Strategy Of Reciprocal Teaching To Facilitate Student Comprehension, Susan M. Hasenauer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of using a particular cognitive strategy, reciprocal teaching, to foster comprehension in comparison to direct instruction.

Twenty six above average sixth graders between the ages of eleven and twelve from an upstate urban New York school participated in this study. The study involved randomly separating the 26 students into two groups. Both groups examined the same segment of content area text, however, the material was presented differently. The control group was taught by direct instruction and the experimental group used a strategy called reciprocal teaching. A multiple choice test with a short ...


Improving Comprehension In The Content Area Of American History Through The Use Of Poetry Versus Content Through Prose Form For Fourth-Grade, Urban, African American Students, Vici Patanella May 1997

Improving Comprehension In The Content Area Of American History Through The Use Of Poetry Versus Content Through Prose Form For Fourth-Grade, Urban, African American Students, Vici Patanella

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored the effects on comprehension of content material taught through poetry as opposed to teaching through prose form. Subjects involved were twenty-two African American students in a fourth grade classroom within a large city school district in Western

New York. The researcher placed students into two heterogeneous groupings based on the comprehension levels from the May, 1996 Degrees of Reading Power test administered in that district.

All students involved in the study received instruction through both formats (poetry and prose) over a four day period. Students in both groups were taught content through poetry one day and received ...


The Effects Of The Use Of Retellings On The Listening Comprehension Of First Grade Students, Michelle Seider Dec 1996

The Effects Of The Use Of Retellings On The Listening Comprehension Of First Grade Students, Michelle Seider

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined the effects of direct teaching of the use of retellings on the listening comprehension of twenty-two first grade students from a public elementary school in Western New York. The examiner administered the listening comprehension portion of The Bader Reading and Language Inventory to determine the students' listening comprehension levels prior to completing the treatment. The students were also asked to do a retelling, which was recorded on audiotape, prior to the treatment.

Each student spent two months participating in the direct instruction of the use of retellings. The procedure was modeled and the students were given many ...


A Comparison Of A Literature Based Approach With A Textbook Based Approach In Secondary Social Studies, Carroll Wetherby Dec 1996

A Comparison Of A Literature Based Approach With A Textbook Based Approach In Secondary Social Studies, Carroll Wetherby

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of using a literature based approach to instruction with a traditional textbook based approach in the content area of social studies. The study was performed at the secondary level, with eleventh grade students, in a four week unit on the Civil War and period of Reconstruction in United States history.

A treatment and control group were used in a pretest – posttest design. The sample consisted of 50 students. One class (n = 26) was instructed through the use of a literature based approach. The other class (n = 24) was instructed through ...


A Look At The Academic Benefits Of Multi-Age Science Instruction In Kindergarten, Margaret M. Johnson Jun 1995

A Look At The Academic Benefits Of Multi-Age Science Instruction In Kindergarten, Margaret M. Johnson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Multiage classroom instruction is currently receiving more attention in the public schools in the United States. The opportunity to teach in a multiage setting is becoming more readily available to educators. The primary objective of this research is to study the effects of multiage grouping on the levels of knowledge and comprehension of kindergarten students. The researcher instructed using single grade and multiage groupings to see if in effect there was a difference in the performance of the kindergarten students.

Students were assessed and the results were then compared. The results obtained by this research were not statistically significant, but ...


Diagnostic Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Ascertain Spanish Reading Proficiency, Ivette V. Robles Aug 1992

Diagnostic Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Ascertain Spanish Reading Proficiency, Ivette V. Robles

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of information theory as a testing reading proficiency of bilingual students. This study is not an attempt to analyze mistakes or to debate which reading proficiency test is the best in testing Spanish language abilities or expertise. This test was constructed to determine the readability and the validity of information theory as a testing tool. A second purpose was to determine whether this technique could help increase the student's ability to comprehend reading material at his/her level of language learning. A third purpose was to try to develop ...


The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto Aug 1992

The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Previous research indicates that children involved in a literature based reading program are actively involved in the task of reading. Research also indicates that children in literature based programs made significantly higher gains in reading versus their peers in a basal reading program. In the present study three classrooms of third graders, all of which were using a form of literature based reading instruction, were compared to determine the effect of the respective reading program on comprehension. Literature based reading programs used were student selected literature based reading, whole class literature based reading, and teacher pre-grouped literature based reading. The ...


A Comparison Of Written And Oral Responses In The Silent Reading Comprehension Of Fourth Grade Students, Maria Roides Dec 1989

A Comparison Of Written And Oral Responses In The Silent Reading Comprehension Of Fourth Grade Students, Maria Roides

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare the written and oral responses in the silent reading comprehension of fourth grade students of high-, average- and low- reading ability levels. Thirty students, enrolled in grade four of a suburban school in Western New York State constituted the subjects of this study.

The specific question to be answered was:

Does a statistically significant correlation (r2 ≥ .50) exist between the written and oral responses to comprehension questions of fourth grade students of high-, average- and low-reading ability levels?

Students silently read three reading passages and responded to a set of comprehension ...


Code Switching Ability Of Deaf Students And Its Relationship To Reading Comprehension Performance, Michelle M. Nesbit Dec 1988

Code Switching Ability Of Deaf Students And Its Relationship To Reading Comprehension Performance, Michelle M. Nesbit

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between deaf students’ ability to code switch for ASL to written English and their reading comprehension performance.

A t-test was used to test the hypotheses presented in this study. The correlations between code switching ability and reading comprehension performance were established.

The findings of this study indicated that a strong correlation exists between deaf students' code switching ability and their reading comprehension performance. The findings of this study also showed a significant difference between the code switching scores of deaf students of deaf parents and deaf students of hearing parents ...


A Study Of Children’S Perceptions About Reading In Relation To Various Reading Instructional Programs, Elaine Widay May 1985

A Study Of Children’S Perceptions About Reading In Relation To Various Reading Instructional Programs, Elaine Widay

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored the relationship between cognitive clarity of reading and various reading instructional programs with 72 first and third grade students. The programs included: language experience, analytic phonics, and synthetic phonics.

A semi-structured interview, an aural task, and two visual tasks were given to each child. The interview consisted of nine questions about the nature of reading and the vocabulary used in reading instruction. The interview was measured by a response that suggested either cognitive confusion or cognitive clarity. The aural and visual tasks were given to assess the child's ability to segment words in a written context ...


The Role Of An Adequate Schema For Reading In Good And Poor Readers’ Comprehension Of Text, Beverly Wilkin May 1984

The Role Of An Adequate Schema For Reading In Good And Poor Readers’ Comprehension Of Text, Beverly Wilkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Good and poor readers in second, fourth, and sixth grades, randomly selected from students scoring above or below grade on the reading comprehension subtest of the California Achievement Test, were given a questionnaire about reading and a set of passages altered to restrict meaning. Replies were examined to see if good and poor readers differed in their inclusion of meaning or if a significant relationship existed between meaning inclusion and grade level, meaning inclusion and comprehension achievement scores, and meaning inclusion and intelligence.

No significant difference was found between good and poor readers in their inclusion of meaning nor significant ...


The Use Of The Cloze Procedure As A Strategy For Teaching Content And Vocabulary, Diane L. Thompson May 1982

The Use Of The Cloze Procedure As A Strategy For Teaching Content And Vocabulary, Diane L. Thompson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the cloze procedure when used as a teaching strategy in the content area of social studies. A secondary purpose was to determine the effect of the use of the cloze procedure on classroom attending and motivational behaviors. A treatment and control group were used in a pretest-posttest design. The sample consisted of 28 students (two classes) taught by the same instructor and was equated in terms of reading comprehension, reading achievement, and content and vocabulary. One group was randomly assigned to be the control group and used traditional-comprehension methods ...


An Investigation To Determine If There Is A Significant Correlation Between Children’S Ability To Read And Their Ability To Do Mathematics, Patricia Duffy Sammler May 1982

An Investigation To Determine If There Is A Significant Correlation Between Children’S Ability To Read And Their Ability To Do Mathematics, Patricia Duffy Sammler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study attempted to determine whether there was a significant correlation between children's reading ability and their ability to grasp mathematical concepts, to perform mathematical computations, and to solve mathematical word problems. To achieve this purpose, the Metropolitan Achievement Tests were administered to students in both reading and mathematics.

One hundred fifteen fourth grade students from an upstate New York suburban community were the subjects for this study. The Metropolitan Achievement Tests were administered to all subjects by their regular classroom teachers during the first week in May. For the purpose of analysis, the raw score for total reading ...


Simultaneous Presentation Of Different Stimuli As An Assessment Of Modal Preference, Karen Sadowski May 1981

Simultaneous Presentation Of Different Stimuli As An Assessment Of Modal Preference, Karen Sadowski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study attempted to identify modality preferences through a simultaneous presentation of auditory and visual stimuli. To achieve this purpose, a new paradigm for modal preference testing was designed. Thirty second grade students, all experiencing some reading difficulty, were exposed to a total of three treatments. All the treatments visually presented a series of five numbers while at the same time five different digits were being presented aurally. In treatment I, the subject was asked to recall any of the numbers. In treatment II, the subject was told to attend to the numbers he heard and recall them. In treatment ...