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Full-Text Articles in Education

Case Study: A Holistic Approach In The Orthographic Development Of One Emergent Learner, Teresa I. Singh May 2015

Case Study: A Holistic Approach In The Orthographic Development Of One Emergent Learner, Teresa I. Singh

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Spelling instruction should go beyond weekly spelling assessments. This was a learning philosophy I believed in prior to conducting this case study. Through this case study, read about how one emergent learner’s orthographic knowledge was strengthened though a holistic instructional approach. Emergent learners enter the classroom with different degrees of what they conceptualize about language and the malleability of words. With this in mind, teacher should do more than approach spelling instruction through a systemic approach that ignores what individual students are capable of and what they still need to develop. By developing spelling instruction through data collection on ...


Exploring The Effects Of Using The Words Their Way Program With Teenage Boys With Autism, Emily A. Gutknecht Jan 2015

Exploring The Effects Of Using The Words Their Way Program With Teenage Boys With Autism, Emily A. Gutknecht

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project is an initial investigation into effective methods of literacy instruction for teenage boys with autism. This study specifically focused on the Words Their WayTM Program incorporating Word Study for Spelling Instruction. The program focuses on developmental levels, differentiated based on ability, and uses a variety of multi-modal activities. Through a mixed-methods approach, both qualitative and quantitative data is collected and significant themes are developed (improvement in handwriting, characteristics of autism becoming academic obstacles, issues with the program, and ways motivation and engagement have influenced student performance). It was concluded that the program does improve spelling ability though ...


Kinesthetic Approach To Word Study, Melissa A. Lewis Jan 2014

Kinesthetic Approach To Word Study, Melissa A. Lewis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not a kinesthetic approach to teaching word study in a second grade classroom would impact word feature knowledge on independent writing tasks. The study focused specifically on the Making Words (Cunningham & Hall, 2009) program, a tactile approach to the study of word feature knowledge and spelling patterns. The data were collected through pre- and post- Developmental Spelling Assessments, weekly observational notes, student writing samples, and student interviews. Data were then analyzed to determine if the kinesthetic approach to word study had an impact on the conventional spelling in independent written ...


Spelling Instruction And Young Learners' Literacy Development, Amber Gail Taylor Aug 2012

Spelling Instruction And Young Learners' Literacy Development, Amber Gail Taylor

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

For several decades, in schools across the United States, spelling instruction has been and continues to be a fundamental component of the English Language Arts curriculum in the primary and intermediate grades. Many administrators, teachers, and parents support spelling instruction, claiming that it improves student's reading and writing performance. Other interested stakeholders (including administrators, teachers, and parents) agree that spelling instruction has become a staple of the American education system because it encourages a home-school connection. This means that teachers send home weekly spelling study guides and worksheets for parents and/or guardians to help their children with in ...


How Does The Use Of Word Walls In An Intermediate Classroom Affect The Spelling Of Students With Learning Disabilities?, Renee Dastyck Aug 2007

How Does The Use Of Word Walls In An Intermediate Classroom Affect The Spelling Of Students With Learning Disabilities?, Renee Dastyck

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored the use of word walls in an intermediate classroom with students who receive special education services.The students are classified as "learning disabled" or "other health impaired." The study was conducted on five students in a fifth grade classroom who received consultant teacher support for one hour a day, five days a week.

The students were asked to complete a pre and post survey questionnaire on their feelings toward spelling. They were given a quick-write journal in which they wrote for ten uninterrupted minutes. Also, students' completed short narrative writing pieces. The researcher kept a daily log ...


How Do Student's Verbalizations Of The Spelling Strategies That They Use Compare To The Spelling Strategies That They Actually Use?, Katherine L. Merica Aug 2007

How Do Student's Verbalizations Of The Spelling Strategies That They Use Compare To The Spelling Strategies That They Actually Use?, Katherine L. Merica

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate students' verbalization of the spelling strategies that they use in comparison to the strategies that they are actually using when spelling an unknown word.

Four first grade students (two male and two female) and their female teacher were the participants in this study. The cognitive awareness of the strategies that they are using was measured using an informal interview given to the students before collection of the data through observation. After observing the students the classroom teacher was also interviewed in order to gain a more broad understanding of the strategies that ...


How Children Learn To Spell In First Grade, Jennifer Tudisco May 2004

How Children Learn To Spell In First Grade, Jennifer Tudisco

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated how first grade children learn to spell. It targeted first grade students in an urban elementary school in Western New York who are learning to spell. The researcher examined the influences that affect a student's ability to learn, the characteristics of spellers, and the strategies that teachers and students use to help them with spelling, whether teaching or learning. Data was collected through the analysis of writing samples, observation checklists, and early literacy assessments, interviews with students, questionnaires for to parents, and surveys given to first grade teachers.

Children learn to spell in stages and use ...


A Teacher Created Approach To Spelling Vs. A Textbook Approach To Spelling, Bridget Fichera-Aina May 2003

A Teacher Created Approach To Spelling Vs. A Textbook Approach To Spelling, Bridget Fichera-Aina

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of two different approaches to spelling reinforcement. The first approach used solely textbook activities and the second approach used teacher directed activities. The study included 19 students from a suburban upstate New York school district. The subjects were second grade students consisting of twelve girls and seven boys. The study took approximately 12 weeks to complete. The first ten, weeks consisted of a pretest at the beginning of each week containing 15-18 second grade spelling words. Each week the pretest was followed by either textbook reinforcement activities or teacher created ...


A Single-Subject Experimental Design: A Reading Recovery Child's Change Over Time In Writing, Kristina A. Clark Apr 2003

A Single-Subject Experimental Design: A Reading Recovery Child's Change Over Time In Writing, Kristina A. Clark

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A single-subject experimental design of one Reading Recov􀀲ry child's change over time in writing. In this thesis I will observe one of my first round Reading Recovery students writing over a twenty-week period. After the fifth, tenth, fifteenth and twentieth week intervals the child's writing will be examined against a rubric to observe the changes in vocabulary/spelling, sentence structure, directional principles and language quality. The scores of each section will be examined to see if a change in the child's writing has occurred.


Spelling Tests: Teacher-Chosen Words Vs. Student-Chosen Words, Paulette T. Reddick May 2002

Spelling Tests: Teacher-Chosen Words Vs. Student-Chosen Words, Paulette T. Reddick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated student-selected spelling words and teacher-selected spelling words. The subjects consisted of 14 urban second graders. Each week students took a spelling test of five teacher-selected words and five student-selected words. The scores on these tests were used to determine which type of spelling words the students performed better on. This study lasted four months. The data was analyzed using a t-test with dependent means. A descriptive analysis of the types of words selected was also performed.

The data from this study indicated that there is a statistically significant difference between the scores of the teacher-selected words and ...


Retention In Spelling Learning Through Isolation Vs. Context Thesis, Amy L. Brotherton Aug 1997

Retention In Spelling Learning Through Isolation Vs. Context Thesis, Amy L. Brotherton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted to gain insight as to whether students retain spelling better if they learn the words through the context of literature or through the use of words in isolation.

The students used in this study were heterogeneously grouped eighth graders who attended a rural high school in western New York. Two English classes with the same teacher were used for a total of 40 students. The students were given six spelling lists. Three of the lists were taken from the novel Across Five Aprils which was being read and studied at the time. The other three lists ...


A Textbook Approach To Spelling Vs. A Teacher Directed Approach, Armando Ramirez May 1995

A Textbook Approach To Spelling Vs. A Teacher Directed Approach, Armando Ramirez

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of two teaching approaches in spelling. The first teaching method was guided by the spelling textbook and the second was a teacher directed approach. In this study, the students were divided into two equal ability groups and were instructed using the assigned teaching approach. The 26 subjects used in this study were heterogeneously grouped and attended an urban school in the city of Rochester. The study began with the administration of a seventy five word pretest to determine the group compositions and the forty most frequently misspelled words. After calculating ...


Parental Reactions To Authentic Performance Assessment Of Spelling, Patricia Jean Williams May 1995

Parental Reactions To Authentic Performance Assessment Of Spelling, Patricia Jean Williams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine parental reactions to authentic performance assessment of spelling.

The subjects for this study were seventy heterogeneously grouped third-grade students and their parents from a small, rural, public elementary school in western New York. Three standardized written retellings of stories were collected from· the seventy students over a period of three semesters and were analyzed for misspellings. The results were recorded on a developmental spelling progress chart (see Appendix A). Parents were asked to respond to a confidential and anonymous questionnaire regarding their reactions to the Stages of Spelling Development progress chart. Since ...


A Comparison Of Two Strategies To Teach Spelling To Students Who Are Learning Disabled, Christine Gay Apr 1992

A Comparison Of Two Strategies To Teach Spelling To Students Who Are Learning Disabled, Christine Gay

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Spelling is often frustrating for students with learning disabilities. They may seem to 'learn’ the words because the words are spelled correctly on a weekly spelling list. However, the spellings may be forgotten the minute the test is over. The purpose of this study was to compare two spelling strategies to teach spelling to students with learning disabilities to determine if one helped them to retain the words better. The first strategy involved traditional activities, such as putting the words in alphabetical order. A weekly spelling test was administered. The second strategy was student-monitored. The students started with a bank ...


A Study Of Invented Spelling Progress Of First Grade Students In Whole Language Classrooms, Sharon Plutchak Aug 1990

A Study Of Invented Spelling Progress Of First Grade Students In Whole Language Classrooms, Sharon Plutchak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the spelling progress of first grade students in whole language classrooms. Using a modified version of Graves spelling stages, the study investigated students' invented spelling development from October to June.

This study examined the invented spelling stages of development of 128 first grade students; in six heterogeneous classrooms, all of which practiced the whole language philosophy of learning. The teachers, experienced at assessing stages of spelling development in students' writing samples, assigned a stage of spelling to each student in October and June. Data comparing the October spelling stage means and the ...


The Effects Of Sixth Grade Students' Processes Of Accessing Information (Following The Neuro-Linguistic Programming Model) On Their Spelling Abilities, Roxanna M. Cardon Aug 1989

The Effects Of Sixth Grade Students' Processes Of Accessing Information (Following The Neuro-Linguistic Programming Model) On Their Spelling Abilities, Roxanna M. Cardon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted to determine whether or not the process students’ use to access spelling information will predict their abilities to spell words correctly. The subjects involved in this study included 50 sixth grade students from low average, average, high average and gifted reading groups. Subjects were given an oral spelling test consisting of 12 words of mixed phonemic and visual complexity. Their eye movements were observed while they were completing the spelling task. Subjects' eye movements were then categorized as to their indication of processing in either the visual, auditory or kinesthetic mode. This analysis followed the Neuro-Linguistic ...


Invented Spelling : A Study In Its Usage To Impact Literacy, Phyllis J. Steiger Aug 1989

Invented Spelling : A Study In Its Usage To Impact Literacy, Phyllis J. Steiger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Forty-seven first grade students from an urban school district participated in a study on the use of invented spelling. The program was designed to determine if invented spelling was effective in teaching a list of grade level spelling words and whether it would impact their reading achievement. Eighteen students served as the control group.

Materials included the California Achievement Test Level 10 Form E for the pretest in reading and Level 11 for the posttest. A Core Competency Spelling List for grade one was used in measuring spelling progress.

The study took place for one school year . Twenty- nine students ...


The Relationship Between Predictive Reading And Predictive Spelling Strategies Using Cloze Tests, Sharon Baade Darnieder Aug 1984

The Relationship Between Predictive Reading And Predictive Spelling Strategies Using Cloze Tests, Sharon Baade Darnieder

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to determine if there was a relationship between predictive strategies used in reading and predictive strategies used in spelling and to see if both could be measured using cloze tests. A secondary purpose was to see if there was a relationship between a spelling score on a standardized test and a score on a spelling cloze test; a relationship between a reading comprehension score on a standardized test and a score on a reading cloze test; a relationship between a standardized spelling test score and a score on a spelling word selection test; a ...