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Full-Text Articles in Education

Breaking The Chains That Prevent Student Comprehension: Exhuming And Rectifying Common Chemistry Misconceptions Through Music, Anthony Raymond Dec 2017

Breaking The Chains That Prevent Student Comprehension: Exhuming And Rectifying Common Chemistry Misconceptions Through Music, Anthony Raymond

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Regardless of how students construct alternative conceptions (or misconceptions) within the subject of chemistry, they serve as significant barriers to scaffolding of proper knowledge. Just as any structure must be built upon a solid foundation, student knowledge must be constructed upon an underpinning of core facts and concepts. Unfortunately, when these facts and concepts are false due to some misunderstanding, proper scaffolding of knowledge ceases. Traditional methods, such as “conceptual change texts” and “computer animations” have been shown to be effective in fostering conceptual change in students. One area in which research is limited is in the use of music ...


Living Environment Field Trips In Wyoming And Genesee Counties, New York, Breanna Hummel May 2017

Living Environment Field Trips In Wyoming And Genesee Counties, New York, Breanna Hummel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of field trips is to engage students in hands on or real world learning opportunities. Science fairs and field trips are two examples of how students can experience out of classroom activities. Through these activities, students may understand or practice an aspect of a topic as experienced in the real world, outside of the school setting (Tal, et. al., 2014); exploring skills and physical beings, having discussions with historians or scientists, and synthesizing or analyzing information (Rohlf, 2015). Especially in science, new technology and knowledge is ever changing. Field trips allow students to practice or use technology that ...


Adapted Primary Literature (Apl): An Effective Authentic Text Option For The Science Classroom, Lauren C. Thresh Dec 2016

Adapted Primary Literature (Apl): An Effective Authentic Text Option For The Science Classroom, Lauren C. Thresh

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The intention of this literature review is to advocate for the incorporation of Adapted Primary Literature (APL) into secondary science classroom instruction in order to aid such science curriculum in achieving balanced authenticity. APL is a valuable instructional text option due to its novel design, an optimal compromise between authenticity and accessibility. APL is a superior reflection of authentic science as it is for professionals of science and in representation of the nature of science (NOS) than Secondary Literature (SL) and textbooks, the dominating scientific text genres of most secondary science classroom instruction. Yet, APL is more accessible in text ...


Differentiating Science Instruction For All Learners In Problem-Based Learning, Brian Battle Dec 2015

Differentiating Science Instruction For All Learners In Problem-Based Learning, Brian Battle

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

One of the biggest challenges for science teachers today is teaching a challenging science curriculum to an extremely diverse population of students in terms of abilities, interests, backgrounds, and learning styles. Making this task even more difficult is the timeframe in which teachers have to teach all students the entire science curriculum. The pressure teachers currently face to complete this task may result in the replacement of the quality of instruction for the quantity of instruction. This thesis aims to provide teachers a way to offer quality science instruction to a diverse group of learners through a hybrid approach of ...


For Arguments Sake, Let’S Use Technology In The Science Classroom, Timothy P. Chichester Dec 2014

For Arguments Sake, Let’S Use Technology In The Science Classroom, Timothy P. Chichester

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The use of SSI argumentation has been used in the classroom to develop students understanding of scientific issues, but the current use is limited in how far the student’s understanding can go. The issues currently facing SSI argumentation in the classroom are: student’s lack of knowledge of the NOS, lack of communication between students, and engagement of students in developing evidence to support claims. My project will take these weaknesses of SSI, and improve them through the use of technology. The use of technology is becoming more prevalent in schools today, but improvements concerning the use of it ...


To What Extent Does Professional Development Influence Constructivist Science Teaching In Classrooms?: A Comparative Study Of Education In The United States Of America And Finland, Michelle A. Caton Apr 2014

To What Extent Does Professional Development Influence Constructivist Science Teaching In Classrooms?: A Comparative Study Of Education In The United States Of America And Finland, Michelle A. Caton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The goal of this study is to identify the extent to which professional development influences the implementation of constructivist science teaching. An overview of the theory of constructivism leads to an explanation of how the theory is adapted to teaching methodologies in science classrooms. Science education, constructivist teaching practices, and professional development in the United States of America and Finland are compared in order to assess how professional development affects a teacher’s ability to use constructivist teaching methods effectively in science classrooms. Research confirms that professional development can positively impact teacher epistemology when given opportunities to increase science content ...


Facilitating Motivation:Implementing Problem-Based Learning Into The Science Classroom, Danqing Li Oct 2013

Facilitating Motivation:Implementing Problem-Based Learning Into The Science Classroom, Danqing Li

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Student motivation is an important precursor to learning, and therefore, is an important component in any successful science classroom. Studies have shown that the more students are engaged in the classroom, the better they will succeed. Several decades of research have shown that students’ engagement predicts their learning, grades, achievement, retention, and graduation (National Research Council, 2004).

One of the engagement strategies include components to the Self-Determination Theory. According to the Self-Determination Theory, there are three factors that work together to motivate students: autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Autonomy refers to the degree of choice that students have about tasks and ...


Inquiry-Based Instruction: Not All Fun And Games, Sharon Kinsley Oct 2011

Inquiry-Based Instruction: Not All Fun And Games, Sharon Kinsley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study seeks to examine the role of play in learning in order to define how games may be used as an effective tool for instruction in an inquiry-based classroom. Given the multitude of games that are available that purport to be educational, an effective means of choosing games for the classroom is explored. The connection between the use of inquiry-based instruction and games is investigated with an eye toward developing criteria for assessing games for use in the classroom. Numerous online games were evaluated from four different websites to determine the usefulness of these criteria for discriminating between games ...


Technology And Motivation : Can The Use Of Technology Increase Student Motivation In The Science Classroom?, Kelly M. Kinde Oct 2007

Technology And Motivation : Can The Use Of Technology Increase Student Motivation In The Science Classroom?, Kelly M. Kinde

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project examines education and technology as they intersect in order to increase educators understanding of the use of technology as it bears on motivational factors present in today’s student population. The study explores current research regarding motivation, science education, and the use of technology in the classroom. The researcher taught students to use technology as a tool for their science learning and then used assessment measures to understand whether the use of technology in science education had any effect on their participation and motivation levels in the classroom. As part of the study, technology was utilized to ...


Rationale For And Examples Of Internet-Based, Software, And Hardware Technologies That Can Be Integrated Into The Science Classroom, Tara M. Harradine Aug 2007

Rationale For And Examples Of Internet-Based, Software, And Hardware Technologies That Can Be Integrated Into The Science Classroom, Tara M. Harradine

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The global market and workplace today demand knowledge and skills associated with technology. More often than not the responsibility to provide students with the exposure to technology is left up to the classroom teachers, whether or not the teachers themselves are experienced with it. The natural intersection of science and technology is a recognized element of science education in 21st century classrooms. This thesis project presents some of the more accessible forms of technology to understand and offer assistance to both pre-service and in-service teachers as well as suggested methods for integrating technology in a science classroom. While technology ...


Complex Realities, Simple Beauties: Interactions Between The Development Of Physics Ideas And Western Civilization, From Ancient Times To The Late Nineteenth Century, Neil Chodorow Aug 2000

Complex Realities, Simple Beauties: Interactions Between The Development Of Physics Ideas And Western Civilization, From Ancient Times To The Late Nineteenth Century, Neil Chodorow

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

An instructive text covering the history of Physics concepts within the western tradition. It begins with a brief history of the human species, including discussions of food-gathering technology, early settlements, and the development of culture. It continues on to trace the development of human intellectual culture through ancient history and European history, charting a course through Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Greek, and Arabic mathematical and scientific contributions. Much of the book examines the interaction of science with historical factors such as war and rule changes. It challenges readers to think about ways of knowing and the process of developing systematic knowledge.


An Investigation Into The Gender Bias Issue, Bonnie L. Wolcott Aug 1994

An Investigation Into The Gender Bias Issue, Bonnie L. Wolcott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Women tend to hold a smaller population within the fields of science and mathematics than men. This is believed to be largely due to gender bias coming from family, school, and society. The areas of math and science are largely considered to be male-oriented, and female students consider the fields to be largely unavailable to them. This master thesis addresses this topic by surveying a large number of high school math students, and interviewing school faculty.

A large suburban school district in Rochester, NY was used for this research. The study included 285 male students and 343 female students in ...


The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup Aug 1991

The Effect Of The Elementary Science Methods Classes And Field Work On Student Attitudes Toward Science And Science Teaching, Gretchen A. Northrup

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The attitudes of sixty-nine elementary education students toward science and science teaching were measured at three different times as they progressed through the Elementary Science Methods course at the State University of New York College at Brockport during the spring of 1991. The course was divided into two parts. During the first half of the semester, the students attended methods classes at the college. At approximately midterm, the students entered elementary schools to do field work. The instrument of measure employed was the Science Teaching Attitude Scales. The three scores for each subject were compared to determine if there was ...


The Effects Of Revised Language On The Performance Of Nine To Fourteen Year Old Deaf Students On The Stanford Achievement Test, Rhonda L. Parrish May 1980

The Effects Of Revised Language On The Performance Of Nine To Fourteen Year Old Deaf Students On The Stanford Achievement Test, Rhonda L. Parrish

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects which language revisions had on the performance of 9 to 14 year old deaf students with regard to specific subtests of the Stanford Achievement Test. An experimental design was used for the study. The sample consisted of 31 severely or profoundly deaf students, ranging in age from 9 to 14 years, who were enrolled at a residential school for the deaf. The subjects varied in grade level, intelligence, socioeconomic background, cause of hearing loss, receptive and expressive language capability and age at which formal education began. For the purposes of ...


A Study Of The Curriculum Design Process In The Field Of Science For Intermediate Grades Of Hilton Central School: 1959-1962, Carmen Scoppa Nov 1962

A Study Of The Curriculum Design Process In The Field Of Science For Intermediate Grades Of Hilton Central School: 1959-1962, Carmen Scoppa

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis investigated the intermediate science program of the Hilton Central School District, in 1959. A check list was used to verify the appropriateness of the current program with regards to pupils’ objectives, desired pupil outcomes, and personal goals and objectives of the science teachers. A newly formed Science Curriculum Committee used the results to create a more uniform curriculum for the fourth, fifth and sixth grades that used a common framework for instruction, and was built upon previous years learning.

Over a period of two years, the committee met, developed an outline that was approved by teachers and the ...


A Study Of Teacher Opinion Regarding Some Of The Means By Which Elementary School Science Instruction Can Be Made More Effective, David E. Czekanski Sep 1959

A Study Of Teacher Opinion Regarding Some Of The Means By Which Elementary School Science Instruction Can Be Made More Effective, David E. Czekanski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this master thesis the author surveys and analyzes teacher opinion on how to best improve science instruction in the elementary school. Fifty-three elementary school teachers in East Irondequoit Central School District and 35 teachers from outer districts were polled on their opinion on how to improve science in the elementary school. Polled teachers were asked to rank specific areas of improvement according to their importance. Results indicated that the most important method of science improvement was designing a science program aimed at providing children from kindergarten through the sixth grade with a basic understanding that will enable them to ...