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Full-Text Articles in Education

Using The Superkids Reading Program With A First Grade Inclusive Class, Mackenzie Bailey May 2017

Using The Superkids Reading Program With A First Grade Inclusive Class, Mackenzie Bailey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores what happens when an inclusive class of first graders are taught to read through a scripted phonics-based program called Superkids (2015). This study also explores student and teacher perceptions regarding the Superkids reading program. The purpose of this research is to better support and inform both teachers and students who are mandated to use this specific reading curriculum. Data were collected for this study over a period of 4 weeks using the students’ reading assessments, student and teacher interviews, and observational notes. Data were analyzed in order to discover student and teacher perceptions of the program ...


Using Read Alouds To Support A Pre-Kindergarten Student's Emergent Literacy Skills, Kaitlin Dennis May 2017

Using Read Alouds To Support A Pre-Kindergarten Student's Emergent Literacy Skills, Kaitlin Dennis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores how read alouds may support a Pre-Kindergarten student’s emergent literacy skills. The purpose of this research is to see whether or not read alouds and teacher/student interactions can improve the emergent literacy skills of the child. Data were collected for this study over a period of 6 weeks using informal field notes, observations, video and audio recordings and student data from PALS assessment. Data were analyzed for how the student’s emergent literacy skills changed and how the student interacted with the read alouds.


First Grade Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices Influence On The Learning Of Elementary School Students In English Language Arts (Ela) And Reading, Carole A. Barkin May 2017

First Grade Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices Influence On The Learning Of Elementary School Students In English Language Arts (Ela) And Reading, Carole A. Barkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative case study investigated the literacy educational practices of five general education first grade teachers in a charter school in Western New York. Charter schools typically hire teachers with less experience; therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore how first grade teachers in English Language Arts (ELA) and reading modified their literacy instruction to support all students, including, but not limited to, students with a variety of different disabilities. Through semi-structured interviews and classroom observations, this study focused on how specific literacy instructional tools and teaching methods, such as the arts and/or technology, impacted students’ literacy ...


The Impact Of Metacognitive Learning Of Reading On Students’ Cross Curricular Success, Katherine Bretsch Apr 2017

The Impact Of Metacognitive Learning Of Reading On Students’ Cross Curricular Success, Katherine Bretsch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper explores the impact of metacognitive learning on students’ abilities to apply literacy skills across the curriculum. The research questions led to findings more complex than the idea of metacognition affecting student learning. Moreover, the literature review explores the ‘how’ while the findings explore the ‘why’. Through triangulation and constant comparison of three data sources, I deduced three findings, including; the development of metacognition, the most observable transfer of skills to non-literacy based subjects, and metacognition as it related to classroom management. This qualitative research study digests how routine metacognition supports students in transferring skills specifically related to reading.


The Use Of Reading Strategy Prompts In Math, Jessica N. Newton May 2016

The Use Of Reading Strategy Prompts In Math, Jessica N. Newton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores the use of the three main reading strategy prompts from the cueing system in small group math instruction. It discusses the need for teachers in the secondary school setting to be knowledgeable about the reading process so that they can help struggling readers. The study seeks to offer a method for teachers of all content areas to begin supporting readers. One-on-one interviews were conducted to determine the participants’ current use of reading strategies prior to and at the conclusion of five mini-lessons, in which the researcher implemented the use of three reading strategy prompts: Does that ...


Read Alouds And Their Impact On Students' Literacy Development, Rebecca L. Walch May 2016

Read Alouds And Their Impact On Students' Literacy Development, Rebecca L. Walch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores the impact of reading aloud to upper or intermediate elementary students. The purpose of this study is to research how fourth grade students respond to a variety of read aloud texts, and how these rich literacy experiences impact students’ literacy development. This study gives background information about read alouds in the classroom and explores one fourth grade class's responses to read aloud text including the impact of these read alouds on students' literacy development.


Literacy Strategies For Reading And Understanding Nonfiction Texts In The Elementary Grades, Melody L. Vanacore Oct 2015

Literacy Strategies For Reading And Understanding Nonfiction Texts In The Elementary Grades, Melody L. Vanacore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

Elementary teachers must educate their students to read and understand nonfiction text so they will not only be successful in elementary school, but will also be prepared for the increased demands placed on them in the upper grades and beyond. This literature review investigated the question, what are the most effective literacy strategies teachers can use to better teach the reading of nonfiction texts to elementary students? Data collection was accomplished by gathering academic, peer reviewed articles and scholarly texts containing information on teaching nonfiction to elementary students. The data was then analyzed through content analysis for appropriate strategies ...


How To Increase Reading Motivation Among Elementary Children Based On Teachers’ Perspectives And Teaching Methods, Gina M. Chinappi Jun 2015

How To Increase Reading Motivation Among Elementary Children Based On Teachers’ Perspectives And Teaching Methods, Gina M. Chinappi

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigates the way children react to reading based on teachers' beliefs and teaching methods. Interviews were conducted with teachers and administration in an elementary school and asked various questions regarding different aspects about reading. Also, children were observed during reading instruction. After the data was collected, it was reviewed and analyzed based on a constant comparison method. The results showed that children are more motivated to read when there is parental involvement in the school and with reading. Teachers used many reading techniques learned through professional development throughout the school year. The professional development ultimately increased reading motivation ...


Using Direct Instruction To Teach Self-Monitoring Strategies For Accuracy, Sarah Degoey May 2015

Using Direct Instruction To Teach Self-Monitoring Strategies For Accuracy, Sarah Degoey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Readers utilize three main cueing systems to comprehend text. If the graphophonic, semantic, and syntactic cueing systems are not working together, reading is not accurate and comprehension is sacrificed. An intervention was implemented with a second grade struggling reader to help him self-monitor his reading by using the following three questions: Does it look right? Does it sound right? Does it make sense? The results show an overall improvement in accuracy, comprehension, fluency and reading level.


Higher Levels Of Differentiation In Reading Instruction: A Potential Framework, Maria Behncke May 2015

Higher Levels Of Differentiation In Reading Instruction: A Potential Framework, Maria Behncke

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The current model of Reader’s Workshop does not meet the needs of all learners, it groups children into small groups based on general “reading levels”. An individualized data-driven format for reading instruction will target each student’s needs. Using a general education third grade setting, this study examined the impact of this flexible, individualized approach to reading instruction on five third grade students. Participants were students who struggled with reading but did not qualify for academic intervention services. The students were given baseline assessments and provided targeted instruction to target their specific areas of need, then the same battery ...


Reading And The Perception Of Gender Roles, Kelley L. Anzalone May 2015

Reading And The Perception Of Gender Roles, Kelley L. Anzalone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Gender stereotypes continue to influence the way students learn in the classroom, specifically while they are reading educational resources. Although many texts in the classroom display modern gender roles, there are several resources that contain gender stereotypes that may alter a student’s perception on gender. Using a qualitative study, the current study examined how students alter their perception on gender roles from various readings. Participants completed an interview and several questionnaires based on the readings they were given. Results suggest that reading does in fact change student’s perceptions on gender stereotypes. The students are also able to determine ...


Motivation To Read: A Study Of Three Primary Age Students, Kacie Castle May 2015

Motivation To Read: A Study Of Three Primary Age Students, Kacie Castle

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading motivation encourages students to practice reading skills and advance their abilities. The primary years is the start to learning to read and has importance. Using 3 primary age students, a case study was conducted to discover personal reading motivation. Participants completed an attitude survey on reading, answered 10 interview questions about their motivation to read, and participated in several reading activities such as eBooks, hard covered books, short stories, listening to stories, and interacting with print. Results suggested primary age students are motivated by self-selection of literature of interest, guidance from teachers and adults with reading skills, having personal ...


Reading Process Comparison Between Graphic Novel And Traditional Novels, Emily M. Maniace Oct 2014

Reading Process Comparison Between Graphic Novel And Traditional Novels, Emily M. Maniace

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Through this study, I examined how readers use different reading process when reading a graphic novel and traditional novel. The guiding question for the study was how does the process differ when reading a graphic novel when compared to a traditional novel? This research is a qualitative study of one student’s processing while reading a graphic novel compared to a traditional novel through the use of verbal protocols of reading. While reading both the graphic novel and traditional novel the subject used a variety of strategies such as visual cues, inferring, predicting, connecting, questioning, author’s style and rereading ...


Students' And Teachers' Perceptions Of A Basal Reading Program, Stephanie Schepis Jul 2013

Students' And Teachers' Perceptions Of A Basal Reading Program, Stephanie Schepis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The following research portrays both students' and teachers' perceptions of a basal reading program. The participants for this study are four teachers and approximately 40 students from two 3rd and 4th grade classrooms. The participants took part in an observation session, survey, and interview. Throughout the study, both positive and negative qualities of a basal reading program were discussed and analyzed.


Use Of Computer Technologies In Supporting 3rd Graders' Literacy Development, Nicole M. Pensgen Dec 2012

Use Of Computer Technologies In Supporting 3rd Graders' Literacy Development, Nicole M. Pensgen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Over the past decade school districts across the country have been trying to find ways to incorporate technology into the classroom. With the new initiatives of state and federal lawmakers, the push for this integration is greater now more than ever. As teachers across the nation try to fulfill this requirement, they are looking for ways to do this throughout the school day. Some of the ways educators are incorporating technology into their instruction is through the use of Internet websites and program software. While websites and programs seem like a wonderful idea to engage students in daily learning, there ...


The Effects Of Parental Reading And Teaching On Kindergarten Children's School Readiness, Erin M. Dawson Aug 2012

The Effects Of Parental Reading And Teaching On Kindergarten Children's School Readiness, Erin M. Dawson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project identifies and discusses parental reading and teaching patterns and the impact these same methods may or may not have on children's school readiness, specifically the student’s readiness to read. The study highlights the following research questions: What patterns of parental reading and teaching can be identified among families of children entering kindergarten in a rural school? What are the associations between parental reading and teaching patterns and the child's school readiness? The literature review section examines the topics of home environment, parent’s engagement with literacy development, school readiness, and academic success. The active ...


Integrating Social Emotional Learning With English Language Arts: Creating Relevancy To Reading And Writing, Claire E. Bateman May 2012

Integrating Social Emotional Learning With English Language Arts: Creating Relevancy To Reading And Writing, Claire E. Bateman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In an era of ever-increasing demand for student achievement, with regard to standardized test scores and the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, and research conducted over the past two decades which has shown a direct correlation between the impact of social and emotional learning and academic performance, consideration of intentional approaches to curriculum development and implementation which incorporate aspects of social and emotional learning is warranted. Since literature offers an opportunity to discuss characters' pro- or anti-social behaviors and skills, as well as the way in which their feelings motivate their actions, the study of literature, and the ...


Down The Rabbit Hole: A Look At Integrating Classic Literature Into A Secondary Mathematics Curriculum, Adam E. Sokol Jan 2012

Down The Rabbit Hole: A Look At Integrating Classic Literature Into A Secondary Mathematics Curriculum, Adam E. Sokol

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The importance of mathematics and reading is paramount to the advancement of civilization. Research has shown that mathematics and reading, along with writing, have a strong correlation. The new Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in mathematics stress the importance of applying mathematical concepts to other subjects and real life. Interestingly, the mathematics and English curriculums have some objectives in common. Classic literature provides a unique context for mathematical concepts to be applied. Using classic literature to teach mathematics could allow students to engage in mathematics and literature more deeply. Example lessons and worksheets supported by research allow teachers to another ...


Students’ Response In Terms Of Motivation And Engagement With The Use Of Informational And Nonfiction Texts, Melissa Sue Hundley Aug 2009

Students’ Response In Terms Of Motivation And Engagement With The Use Of Informational And Nonfiction Texts, Melissa Sue Hundley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Student motivation and engagement for reading is a vital part of reading instruction, reading progress, and reading success. This thesis project examines the use of informational and nonfiction texts and trade books in Academic Intervention Services (AIS) instruction. It specifically focuses on two questions - How do third-grade students enrolled in AIS services for literacy respond to the use of informational and nonfiction texts and trade books in AIS instruction and how do they self-report on their motivation and engagement for reading and reading instruction when informational or nonfiction texts and trade books are used in AIS instruction? The literature review ...


Home Literacy Environment: The Perceptions Of Second Graders And Their Parents, Kathryn Antoinette Eckert Aug 2009

Home Literacy Environment: The Perceptions Of Second Graders And Their Parents, Kathryn Antoinette Eckert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Understanding the literacy environment, and the funds of knowledge present there, are important aspects for teachers to consider when creating a balanced, student oriented literacy curriculum. The home literacy environment, coupled with other factors such as socioeconomic status, parent educational level, and cultural background all play significant roles in how a child will perform academically. This research project forms an investigation of the perceived components of the home literacy environment for a group of suburban second graders and their parents. It examines the ability of parents to support the child and maximize the potential literacy skillset of the student learner ...


Building Fluency Of Sight Words, Nadia Marzouk Aug 2008

Building Fluency Of Sight Words, Nadia Marzouk

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Words surround us. Many words, classified as high frequency words, make up a large percentage of the text we encounter on a daily basis. Educators understand the importance of recognition, memorization, and comprehension of these high frequency words as it contributes to improved reading ability in beginning readers. Teaching high frequency words supports student knowledge of language structure, speech patterns, and the language of the books we read. This thesis project asks the question - can kindergarten students master, identify, and read high frequency words in a text? The study explored the effectiveness of teaching kindergarten students sight word vocabulary in ...


Patterns Of Written Response To Literature Of Average Fifth Grade Readers, Jeanette Adams Atkinson May 1995

Patterns Of Written Response To Literature Of Average Fifth Grade Readers, Jeanette Adams Atkinson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to analyze individual and group patterns in written responses to literature.

The subjects for this study were six fifth-graders of average reading ability. The subjects attended a suburban public school which was structurally designed on an open plan model. Each day in class, the subjects read two novels, The Black Pearl, and The Moldanado Miracle. The children composed written responses in their personal reading logs to what they read the previous night. The teacher wrote back to the children in their reading logs on a daily basis. Individual student responses were then categorized into ...


What Three-, Four-, And Five-Year-Olds Do In A Classroom Library Corner: Interactions With Books, Deborah Jill Buddle Aug 1994

What Three-, Four-, And Five-Year-Olds Do In A Classroom Library Corner: Interactions With Books, Deborah Jill Buddle

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked at the types of interactions three-, four-, and five-year-olds had with books in a preschool classroom library corner. This study took place in a rural cooperative preschool program consisting of 21 students.

Questions addressed were:

  1. What percentage of time spent in the library corner was actually spent interacting with books?
  2. What Interactions did students have with books in the library corner?
  3. What percentage of time spent in the library corner was spent on each type of interaction with books?

The data were collected over 32 classroom observation periods. Each observation took place during center time which was ...


Lateral Dominance And Second Grade Reading Performance, Kurt Koehler Aug 1994

Lateral Dominance And Second Grade Reading Performance, Kurt Koehler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover if second grade students having a unilateral dominance will be academically higher in reading than their bilaterally dominant, or mixed laterally dominant classroom peers. Two separate t-tests were used to test the research questions presented in this study: a) Will there be a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of the unilateral dominant group and the mean score of the bilateral dominant group on a standardized reading achievement test? b) Will there be a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of the unilateral dominant group and the mean score of ...


Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones Aug 1991

Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in the quantity of words generated by kindergartners when retelling a story read to them from a book (read aloud) as compared to when a story was told orally, without a book (storytelling). The subjects of this study were 42 kindergarten students attending an urban school district in Western New York. The students listened to a story read aloud from a book. They then retold the story to an adult. The retellings were recorded. The same students listened to another story told orally, by an ...


An Investigation Of Public Library Summer Reading Programs: Examining Common Principles For Motivation Of Leisure Time Readers, Virginia Hughes May 1990

An Investigation Of Public Library Summer Reading Programs: Examining Common Principles For Motivation Of Leisure Time Readers, Virginia Hughes

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This investigation was conducted by interviewing twelve children’s librarians, visiting nine summer library programs, and corresponding with two librarians to gather information about their programs. The purpose of the investigation was to research the commonalities in programs and the ideas that librarians use to motivate leisure time readers. This study describes some of the attributes of summer leisure reading library programs and identifies commonalities in their goals and program guidelines. Also examined was the range of possibilities for summer programs and ideas for implementation.

From the information gathered in this investigation, it can be concluded that there are several ...


The Relationship Between Predictive Reading And Predictive Spelling Strategies Using Cloze Tests, Sharon Baade Darnieder Aug 1984

The Relationship Between Predictive Reading And Predictive Spelling Strategies Using Cloze Tests, Sharon Baade Darnieder

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to determine if there was a relationship between predictive strategies used in reading and predictive strategies used in spelling and to see if both could be measured using cloze tests. A secondary purpose was to see if there was a relationship between a spelling score on a standardized test and a score on a spelling cloze test; a relationship between a reading comprehension score on a standardized test and a score on a reading cloze test; a relationship between a standardized spelling test score and a score on a spelling word selection test; a ...


An Investigation On The Effect Of Context Method Versus The Traditional Dictionary Method On Vocabulary Development, Laurie Ault Dec 1982

An Investigation On The Effect Of Context Method Versus The Traditional Dictionary Method On Vocabulary Development, Laurie Ault

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a context approach to vocabulary instruction versus a more traditional dictionary method of vocabulary instruction. Research favored the use of context for teaching vocabulary in a meaningful way. Words acquire meaning for a person after they have been seen and heard in relation to familiar concepts. A student's personal experiences should also be fully utilized in both vocabulary and concept development.

This study combined the areas of personal experience and use of context. The study involved thirty high school students who were randomly assigned to two groups. One ...


The Child’S Concept Of Reading: Its Relationship With Cognitive Development And Reading Achievement, Patricia M. Fletcher Aug 1977

The Child’S Concept Of Reading: Its Relationship With Cognitive Development And Reading Achievement, Patricia M. Fletcher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between the child's cognitive level of development and his concept of reading. The secondary purpose was to explore the relationship between the child’s concept of reading and his performance on a standardized reading measure, the Metropolitan Reading Achievement Test. The subjects, eight girls and twelve boys from a self-contained second grade class in a suburban school in western New York, ranged in age from 7.3 years to 9.2 years. The child's cognitive level of development, either preoperational-transitional or concrete operational, was determined by performance ...