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Full-Text Articles in Education

Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau Dec 2017

Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines the use of inner dialogue reading behaviors by third grade students who achieve high scores on commercial reading assessments. The study looks at one class of third grade students in Western New York, and comparatively analyzes their self-reported use of reading behaviors in relation to their achieved scores on the Next Step in Guided Reading (GRA) commercial reading assessment. The researcher collected qualitative data from the participants using results from the administered GRA assessment, structured verbal interviews, and participants’ written responses in their weekly Independent Reading Logs. Conclusions for participants who scored highly on commercial reading assessments ...


The Use Of Ipads In The Literacy Learning Of Students With Adhd, Samantha German May 2017

The Use Of Ipads In The Literacy Learning Of Students With Adhd, Samantha German

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores the use of literacy learning with technological devices with students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The purpose of this research was to implement technology in the classroom more efficiently in literacy instruction and to make sure students with diverse needs are reached through learning with technology. Data were collected for this study over a period of six weeks of six sessions using semi-structured interviews, observations notes, and student retelling notes of one on one tutoring sessions. Data were analyzed to see if technology impacts student engagement and comprehension while reading.


Technology Reading Programs And Their Impact On Listening Comprehension, Meghan C. Schott May 2017

Technology Reading Programs And Their Impact On Listening Comprehension, Meghan C. Schott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

This qualitative study explores the impact technology reading programs have on second grade students’ listening comprehension as well as, their experiences with the programs. Student participants used three reading programs daily on an iPad to assess student listening comprehension through five question assessments. The three programs used in this study were RazKids, TumbleBooks and Bookflix. Data were collected for a 5-week period using observational notes, assessment results, from all three reading programs, and student interviews. Results suggest that student engaging student body language, specific program features and student preference of reading program impacted listening comprehension results. Additional research should ...


Modes Of Reading In The Elementary Classroom, Amy B. Long May 2016

Modes Of Reading In The Elementary Classroom, Amy B. Long

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research study explores the impact of multiple text modes on student reading comprehension and literacy development in a 5th grade classroom. The research question was as follows: “How would different modes of text impact student reading comprehension?” Twenty 5th grade students took part in this study and four reading modes were explored: teacher read aloud, independent reading with a book, book on CD, and independent reading with a Nook. Data were collected over a period of four weeks through observations, surveys, comprehension checks, summaries, tracks, and discussion. Results from the data showed that students had a positive response ...


Literacy Strategies For Reading And Understanding Nonfiction Texts In The Elementary Grades, Melody L. Vanacore Oct 2015

Literacy Strategies For Reading And Understanding Nonfiction Texts In The Elementary Grades, Melody L. Vanacore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

Elementary teachers must educate their students to read and understand nonfiction text so they will not only be successful in elementary school, but will also be prepared for the increased demands placed on them in the upper grades and beyond. This literature review investigated the question, what are the most effective literacy strategies teachers can use to better teach the reading of nonfiction texts to elementary students? Data collection was accomplished by gathering academic, peer reviewed articles and scholarly texts containing information on teaching nonfiction to elementary students. The data was then analyzed through content analysis for appropriate strategies ...


Using Retrospective Miscue Analysis To Revalue Reading: A Case Study, Catherine D. Bulmahn Jun 2015

Using Retrospective Miscue Analysis To Revalue Reading: A Case Study, Catherine D. Bulmahn

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This case-study focused on a sixth grade female student who attended a suburban school district in Western New York. The student participated in Retrospective Miscue Analysis (RMA) for a period of eight weeks. She was identified as at-risk for failure in reading in fourth grade and received pull-out support at school for almost three years. She experience many perceived failures at school and did not enjoy reading. As a result of participating in RMA she improved her ability to monitor fluency and comprehension and revalued reading. She realized that reading was an interactive process and miscues in oral reading are ...


Using Technology And Multimodal Literacy To Actively Engage Struggling And Disengaged Readers, Elizabeth K. O'Donnell Jun 2015

Using Technology And Multimodal Literacy To Actively Engage Struggling And Disengaged Readers, Elizabeth K. O'Donnell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to investigate how using technology, specifically BookFlix by Scholastic Inc. and Capstone Interactive Library impacts the engagement of struggling and disengaged readers. Struggling readers are at a great risk for failure and dropping out of school; therefore, using other resources such as digital literacy can aid in supporting readers who struggle to decode words and have trouble with fluency and comprehension. School library resources can provide students with eBooks that engage and enable readers to read a variety of books. Data was gathered through parent and student surveys, observations, interviews and student response journals ...


The Role Of Talk In Literature Circles, Ashley R. Zaborowski Nov 2014

The Role Of Talk In Literature Circles, Ashley R. Zaborowski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores the kinds of talk that take place during literature circles, and how those kinds of talk impact the students’ comprehension of a text. This study also investigates how the use of reading roles or jobs impact the way students converse during literature circle discussions. The participants in this study were 4th grade students who had a variety of reading levels. Data were collected through the use of audio recordings, observations, and student work (exit tickets). The data were collected and analyzed using a constant comparison method. The findings of this study show that the students took ...


Using Reader’S Theatre In Science And The Effects On Students’ Content Knowledge, Fluency, And Comprehension, James M. Guzielek Jul 2013

Using Reader’S Theatre In Science And The Effects On Students’ Content Knowledge, Fluency, And Comprehension, James M. Guzielek

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This five week study looks at the effects of using reader’s theatre scripts while teaching a science unit. The study was looking at the impact of including reader’s theatre on five fifth grade students’ fluency, comprehension, and content knowledge. Fluency, comprehension, and assessment scores were analyzed along with observations made by the researcher. Following five weeks of using reader’s theatre in science the students demonstrated increased rates of fluency, improved content related scores on assessments, as well as showing gains in comprehension scores.


Ebook Exploration: How Ebooks Support Emergent Literacy, Amy Flynn May 2013

Ebook Exploration: How Ebooks Support Emergent Literacy, Amy Flynn

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

This research study explores how eBooks support young children’s emergent literacy development. Specifically, it focuses on what kinds and modes are available in eBooks for young children, how eBooks motivate or engage students to read and write and how they support students’ decoding and comprehension skills through a home-based qualitative active inquiry. This study took place during hour long tutoring sessions held twice per week with two elementary aged siblings in an Upstate New York middle class home. The collected data included informal and field notes, student artifacts, comprehension conversations, and student interviews. One student enjoyed reading the ...


How The Accelerated Reading Program Supports The Comprehension Development Of Struggling Readers, Emily A. Mclean Dec 2012

How The Accelerated Reading Program Supports The Comprehension Development Of Struggling Readers, Emily A. Mclean

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

When a student is identified as a struggling reader, it not only affects their literacy development but learning across all content areas as well. If this is not recognized early on, this problem can follow them throughout their entire life. This study looks closely at how the Accelerated Reading Program can support the comprehension development of struggling readers. Two focal students were chosen, both of whom were struggling readers. During this four week study, data were collected through field notes, observations, surveys and collecting work samples. Analyses of all the collected data show that the Accelerated Reading Program contains both ...


Electronic Books And Emergent Literacy Development, Joseph G. Juzwiak Dec 2012

Electronic Books And Emergent Literacy Development, Joseph G. Juzwiak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As we move further into the 21st century and beyond, the push to integrate technology into classrooms is becoming ever more apparent. Government is now moving towards making this integration a requirement through state and nationwide initiatives. As teachers scramble to become familiar with new and improved technological resources, many are turning to electronic books (e-Books) to meet their needs. While e-Books seem to be a logical source as they are essentially electronic versions of the paperback texts we already know and love, there seems to be a growing concern amongst researchers in the field as to their effectiveness ...


Literature Circles And Their Effects On Student Motivation And Reading Comprehension, Katie Covert Dec 2009

Literature Circles And Their Effects On Student Motivation And Reading Comprehension, Katie Covert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literature circles promote social interaction and cooperative learning, help target various learning styles, and promote student inquiry. Reading groups encourage reluctant readers and allow the opportunity for students to read, write, think, and talk about what they are reading. This thesis project examines the effectiveness of using literature circles as an intervention to improve interest and understanding. It evaluates the importance of student motivation and comprehension on reading competencies. The research study was conducted on two six student groups in a fourth grade classroom – a test group and a control group. Students took a pre and post survey about their ...


Incorporating Vocabulary Into Math To Support Student Comprehension, Kasey Gharet Aug 2007

Incorporating Vocabulary Into Math To Support Student Comprehension, Kasey Gharet

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to find out if incorporating vocabulary into math improved student comprehension of mathematical concepts. The researcher used several instructional strategies to incorporate vocabulary directly into the math curriculum in an urban school. Data was collected from a focus group as well as the whole class. Observation checklists and math manipulative bags were used to collect data from the focus group. A vocabulary pre and post-test, weekly math quizzes, and a math pre and post-test were used to collect data from the whole group. The results of this research support that the incorporation of math ...


The Power Of Discussion On Students' Comprehension, Jennifer A. Brock Apr 2003

The Power Of Discussion On Students' Comprehension, Jennifer A. Brock

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Through listening to one another we establish "a foundation for all aspects of language and cognitive development" (Hyslop,1988). As teachers we need to establish the need for discussion and encourage the discussion aspect of learning. This needs to be done within the classroom and at home. Parents are the first people that children talk with and learn to discuss issues with. Therefore, it is necessary that discussion be carried on throughout a child's education.

In the thesis, I will research that by discussing stories with their children, parents will increase the comprehension of their children. Through the use ...


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Sight Words Learned In Kindergarten And Reading Ability In First Grade, Paul D. Kesler Mar 2001

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Sight Words Learned In Kindergarten And Reading Ability In First Grade, Paul D. Kesler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between kindergarten sight word recognition and first grade reading ability. The subjects included 20 first graders in an urban school who had been in the researcher's kindergarten class. In kindergarten, the students were instructed in recognizing 135 sight words. The sight words were comprised from the Dolch List as well as words that were frequently used in the classroom. Their recognition of sight words varied from 10-135.

The students were tested in December of first grade to determine their reading level. The data were analyzed quantitatively to determine the ...


Comparing The Effects Of Storybook Reading And Storytelling On Preschoolers' And Kindergartners' Ability To Answer Comprehension Questions, Erin Elizabeth Brewer May 1998

Comparing The Effects Of Storybook Reading And Storytelling On Preschoolers' And Kindergartners' Ability To Answer Comprehension Questions, Erin Elizabeth Brewer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare preschoolers' and kindergartners' ability to comprehend a story as a result of either having read to them from a book or having orally told them a story. A second purpose of this study was to examine each age group individually to see if age played a factor in their comprehension of the stories with relation to the two methods of presenting the stories.

The books were introduced before they were presented. Two methods of presentation were used: reading a story from the book, or telling a story orally, without the book. In ...


What Are The Entering And Exiting Perceptions Of Students Participating In A Reading Recovery Program In Terms Of Self-Concept As A Reader?, Donna G. Prinsen Aug 1997

What Are The Entering And Exiting Perceptions Of Students Participating In A Reading Recovery Program In Terms Of Self-Concept As A Reader?, Donna G. Prinsen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare the entering and exiting self-perceptions as readers of students participating in a Reading Recovery program. The subjects, eight first graders, attended school in Ontario or Batavia, New York. The students were referred to the Reading Recovery program by their classroom teachers and were considered to be in the lowest twenty percent of their class.

The study began in January 1997, just prior to the students' entrance into the Reading Recovery program. The students were asked fourteen questions from a researcher-designed questionnaire. The questions were read to the students in order to eliminate ...


Field Dependence/Independence And Its Relationship To Schema Utilization During Discourse Processing, Janet Marie Mcconologue May 1984

Field Dependence/Independence And Its Relationship To Schema Utilization During Discourse Processing, Janet Marie Mcconologue

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the relationship between field dependence/independence and the ability to utilize prior knowledge during discourse processing.

A sample population of thirty-one eighth grade students were given the Group Embedded Figures Test, a measure of field dependence/independence, and one of two narrative passages designed to measure the degree to which an individual utilizes prior knowledge.

The scores of these two measures were analyzed to determine if there was a significant difference between the field dependents and the field independents in their performance on the constrained and unconstrained passages, measuring schema utilization.

A significant difference was found in ...