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Full-Text Articles in Education

Hitler: The Spread Of Nazism 1919-1945, Peter C. Osadnick Aug 2011

Hitler: The Spread Of Nazism 1919-1945, Peter C. Osadnick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to look at the causes of Nazi Germany's rise and its eventual era of violence. The Nazi party was the political party led by Adolf Hitler that took control in Germany from 1933-1945. Their political stance was to unify a broken Germany and to spread hatred against Jewish people. They wanted to use Jews as the scapegoat for their problems. Hitler took over the presidency in 1933 after then-president Paul von Hindenburg died. He fused together the presidency with his previously held chancellorship into a dictatorship. Furthermore, the Nazi party was known as ...


The Effects Of The Daily Five, Developed By Gail Boushey & Joan Moser, On Classroom Literacy Instruction, Jason Matthew Lashomb Aug 2011

The Effects Of The Daily Five, Developed By Gail Boushey & Joan Moser, On Classroom Literacy Instruction, Jason Matthew Lashomb

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study was to gain a better perspective on the Daily Five reading and writing approach in order to learn ways to implement a more efficient literacy block in my future classroom. I wanted to achieve an understanding for a structure of a whole-language approach that encourages students' independence and engagement while fostering their reading and writing development. Also through this study, I have developed my own personal skills in order to become a better educational researcher. Through my research, I answered the following question using the data collected: What are the effects ...


How Does The Use Of Read Alouds By Two Fourth-Grade Teachers Effect Their Students' Independent Reading Choices?, Margaret M. Freeman Aug 2011

How Does The Use Of Read Alouds By Two Fourth-Grade Teachers Effect Their Students' Independent Reading Choices?, Margaret M. Freeman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the use of read alouds in the classroom could introduce students to books in ways that would generate interest in an author, topic, or genre which would then enable the students to more easily find choices for independent reading books and increase their independent reading. During the course of this study, the research question, "How does the use of read alouds by two fourth-grade teachers effect their students' independent reading choices?'' was addressed. By understanding how read alouds can effect a student's independent reading choices, it will enable me, and ...


The Connection Between Play And Emergent Literacy In Universal Pre-Kindergarten Students, Megan Patricia Mcdaniels Aug 2011

The Connection Between Play And Emergent Literacy In Universal Pre-Kindergarten Students, Megan Patricia Mcdaniels

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literacy is a combination of reading, writing, viewing, listening, and speaking skills. My experiences working with and observing children has allowed me to see the types of literacy skills such as reading, writing, book handling, representation, retelling, comprehension that children incorporate into their own self initiated play. These experiences have also further inspired my main research question for this study: How do children in a pre-school classroom demonstrate emergent literacy skills in their self-initiated free play? I was also curious to research the following question: How do the classroom setting and teachers influence the use of literacy skills within play ...


The Effect Of Repeated Reading On Content Learning In A Preschool Classroom, Nicole M. Demarco Aug 2011

The Effect Of Repeated Reading On Content Learning In A Preschool Classroom, Nicole M. Demarco

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of repeated read alouds on students' understanding of content. The following research questions were addressed: To what extent do read alouds enhance learning and understanding at the preschool level? To what extent do read alouds engage the students in learning the content at the preschool level? Observations of specific students in my classroom as well as observations of all students in my class were conducted to investigate the second research question: To what extent do read alouds engage the students in learning the content at the preschool level? Read aloud ...


How The Instruction And Use Of Three Metacognitve Reading Strategies Helped Fourth Graders Find Success And Enjoyment In Reading Informational Text, Kimberly Anne Klein Aug 2011

How The Instruction And Use Of Three Metacognitve Reading Strategies Helped Fourth Graders Find Success And Enjoyment In Reading Informational Text, Kimberly Anne Klein

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to explore what would happen when I provided my students with metacognitive reading strategies in order to promote their engagement with and understanding of expository texts. To do so, I focused on three metacognitive strategies that I explicitly instructed in a series of small group settings; connecting, imaging, and predicting. I provided the students with time to practice the strategies independently using expository texts such as magazines, textbooks, and nonfiction books. I wanted to make a difference in the way my students read nonfiction information. I wanted them to see the value in reading ...


The Use Of Student Writing In Algebra To Gain Conceptual Understanding, Emily M. Gloss Aug 2011

The Use Of Student Writing In Algebra To Gain Conceptual Understanding, Emily M. Gloss

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This quantitative, action research project sought to find out how the use of writing prompts in algebra could help students to i1nprove their conceptual understanding of the content. Before starting final exam review, thirty-five students from New York algebra classes were pre-tested on several concepts. The concepts that they scored the weakest in were used in the study. Brief instructional lessons, si1nilar to the lessons taught in the original units, were reviewed. Short writing prompts were given after each lesson. In an effort to improve students conceptual understand of the content, the writing prompts asked students to explain concepts, make ...


"All My Life I'Ve Been Using Microsoft Word!": Incorporating Kidspiration, Power Point And Word Into A Second Grade Writing Workshop, Ashley Murawski Aug 2011

"All My Life I'Ve Been Using Microsoft Word!": Incorporating Kidspiration, Power Point And Word Into A Second Grade Writing Workshop, Ashley Murawski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this study, I investigated how the integration of Microsoft Word, Microsoft Power Point and Kidspiration into writing workshop influenced the writing processes and abilities of my second graders. They were provided with an open-ended writing project and had the opportunity to decide which computer program would be the most effective for presenting their writing. I used anecdotal notes and interviews to gain insight into several students' thinking, primarily focusing on their decision making regarding the use of the computer programs, the process of using the computer program he/she selected, and his/her reflections on the quality of the ...


Outside Of School Activities That May Foster Emergent Literacy Abilities Of First Graders, Kristen K. Maxwell Aug 2011

Outside Of School Activities That May Foster Emergent Literacy Abilities Of First Graders, Kristen K. Maxwell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As I have shown through the finding of my research, reading, writing, listening, speaking, viewing, and visually representing begin at an early age and involves parents and other family members as well as the children themselves. I have learned through my study that each child partakes in literacy in his or her own way. Aspects of gender, race, and socio-economic status did not play a large role in the students' involvement in literacy activities outside of the classroom. The literacy experiences do often vary, depending on these factors, but each child in my classroom participated in literacy in one way ...


Using Classroom Management Strategies In An Inquiry Classroom, Angelica Matias Aug 2011

Using Classroom Management Strategies In An Inquiry Classroom, Angelica Matias

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Current research strongly advocates for the use of a more student -centered model of instruction which goes along with the inquiry-based learning model. Because teachers face certain management challenges when attempting to implement this style of instruction in their classroom, I thought it would be useful to explore the different management strategies that could help teachers to allow students the freedom necessary to complete inquiry-based activities. The goal is to lessen teacher frustration by directly relating management strategies to inquiry lessons. The strategies would be targeted at the specific challenges that teachers face when attempting to "teach" lessons that are ...


Teacher Perceptions Of Guided Reading, Casie A. Reeves Aug 2011

Teacher Perceptions Of Guided Reading, Casie A. Reeves

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to explore teacher understandings and practices of the guided reading process. Guided reading is a process coined/originated in the United States by Irene C. Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell, literacy teachers and researchers who have made numerous contributions to the education field with their books and programs. Fountas and Pinnell (2001) state that the purpose of guided reading is to "meet the varying instructional needs of all the students in [a] class, enabling them to greatly expand their reading powers" (p. 191).

Data was collected to answer the following question: What are teacher ...


Exploring The Impact Of Learning Targets And Self-Reflection With Three Fifth Graders Who Have Special Needs, Nicole Marie Mccoy Aug 2011

Exploring The Impact Of Learning Targets And Self-Reflection With Three Fifth Graders Who Have Special Needs, Nicole Marie Mccoy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The use of learning targets is one of the assessment for learning practices that my colleagues and I are expected to incorporate within our teaching. I wanted to be become more proficient in the implementation of learning targets into my lessons, and more effective at defining learning targets that align with New York state standards. I think it is important that as a special educator I become better able to guide my students towards being active learners who take responsibility for and ownership of their learning. I want my students to be successful and realize that they can achieve their ...


The Concept Of Citizenship In The American Education System, Christine E.M. Epping-Plaisted Aug 2011

The Concept Of Citizenship In The American Education System, Christine E.M. Epping-Plaisted

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Citizenship education in the social studies curriculum has traditionally stressed the importance of the freedoms, rights and responsibilities bestowed on the American people as a privilege and an honor. U.S. citizenship has been held in esteem with such enduring American images of Ellis Island, war propaganda and rallying cries from politicians on what it means to be a citizen of the United States. This paper strives to shatter some of those long held ideals and encourage an open dialogue of citizenship rights and denials throughout the history of the United States. Citizenship education needs to examine the differing interpretations ...


Project- Based Learning And Its Effect On Motivation In The Adolescent Mathematics Classroom, Pamela J. Beres Aug 2011

Project- Based Learning And Its Effect On Motivation In The Adolescent Mathematics Classroom, Pamela J. Beres

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research is to determine how teaching practices can affect students' motivation and perceptions towards mathematics. Initial, closed-response evaluations will be used to get a baseline of students' motivational beliefs and perceptions. The evaluations will specifically address the following factors: individual attitudes and beliefs, projected future plans, classroom environment and teaching methods, and perceived teacher support. The researcher will incorporate a project-based learning sequence into the current curriculum. Upon completion of the project, students will be re-evaluated by means of closed-response and open-ended surveys on motivational levels. This information will help determine if teaching methods have any ...


A Special Education Teacher's Use Of Progress Monitoring, Louise V. Burgio Aug 2011

A Special Education Teacher's Use Of Progress Monitoring, Louise V. Burgio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored my use of progress monitoring in order to find the most effective ways to organize and gather data to support two of my students' literacy development. I investigated the purpose and reliability of my use of assessment. I have chosen the three participants based on their individual needs for literacy instruction and their quality of attendance, yet two of the three students participated. The design of this study enabled me to authentically and systematically reflect on my use of progress monitoring and the impact it had my individual students.


Universal Pre-Kindergarten And The Students Enrolled, Apryl Dragert Jul 2011

Universal Pre-Kindergarten And The Students Enrolled, Apryl Dragert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to research the benefits of Universal Pre-Kindergarten and answer the question: What reading and writing development can be observed in a Pre-Kindergarten classroom? The research for this study was done through observation and assessment of a group of students enrolled in the Universal Pre-Kindergarten program through a local suburban school district. This particular group of Universal Pre-Kindergarten students attended the program through a community-based organization near the local school district; although the program is housed in a different location, it encompassed the same curriculum as other Universal Pre-Kindergarten classrooms in the district.


Technology In The Geometry Room, Megan Schroeder Jul 2011

Technology In The Geometry Room, Megan Schroeder

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study I am going to investigate the following research questions:
1 . Does the use of technology in a mathematics classroom result in better student performance?
2. Do students feel more motivated to do better in mathematics class when technology is used in the classroom?
3. Do students have positive attitudes and perceptions towards mathematics class when technology is used in the classroom?


Writer's Workshop In Kindergarten: A Study Of Writing Mechanics, Attitudes, And Behaviors, Emily Stover Jul 2011

Writer's Workshop In Kindergarten: A Study Of Writing Mechanics, Attitudes, And Behaviors, Emily Stover

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of the writer's workshop approach in a kindergarten classroom, given the confines of Reading First. The goal was to use this information to more effectively assist kindergarten students in developing their writing skills. This study was designed to highlight the importance of writing instruction at this level and to explore one particular writing approach, writer's workshop. Furthermore, it could prove to be informative to other teachers at my school who are struggling to include writing instruction while also meeting all the requirements of Reading First. Thus, my research ...


The British Army In North America In The Mid To Late Eighteenth Century: Teaching The Topic In High School Classrooms, Stewart Dean Atkin Jul 2011

The British Army In North America In The Mid To Late Eighteenth Century: Teaching The Topic In High School Classrooms, Stewart Dean Atkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis has three parts, a historiography and original research into the British soldier and the British army in North America in the mid to late eighteenth century, followed by the development of a course curriculum to provide students with a general understanding of the chain of events that shaped; firstly, the lead up to war in North America between Great Britain a n d France in the mid eighteenth century; secondly, the war itself (in America, called the "French and Indian War", 1756-63); and thirdly, the lead up to the American Revolution.


Home Literacy Environment: How Does Parent Involvement Effect Literacy Development, Stephanie Joann Oest May 2011

Home Literacy Environment: How Does Parent Involvement Effect Literacy Development, Stephanie Joann Oest

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to explore and understand the home literacy environment of three sixth grade students in a rural western New York public elementary school. Throughout the study I explored the question: To what extent does student literacy development seem to be effected by reading and writing activities at home?


A Book Club's Impact On Parent Support Of Adolescent Reading, Rachel Nichols May 2011

A Book Club's Impact On Parent Support Of Adolescent Reading, Rachel Nichols

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Purpose

The purpose of this study, then, is to investigate, both before and after intervention, parents' perceptions of their abilities to impact their children's literacy attitudes and activities. The intervention will take the form of a book club conducted by the researcher with parents. This book club will include discussions on current authors and books for adolescents, as well as demonstrations of literacy activities parents can incorporate into their daily lives. The following research questions will be addressed. First, how do parents perceive their abilities to support their sixth grade students in the area of reading? Second, what happens ...


Buddy Reading: A Literacy Activity To Support First Graders' Academic, Social And Emotional Development, Lindsay Rogers May 2011

Buddy Reading: A Literacy Activity To Support First Graders' Academic, Social And Emotional Development, Lindsay Rogers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to observe what happened when my first grade students utilized the buddy reading activity over the course of six weeks. I was curious to see how the process enhanced my students' reading ability, enabled them to gain confidence and motivation while reading as well as enhanced their social and emotional development. Specifically, I will be researching the questions:

1. How does buddy reading help enhance a first graders' literacy abilities and skills?

2. How does buddy reading help to enhance the social and emotional development of first graders?

During the study, I focused on ...


Attitudes And Beliefs Amongst Parents And Students In Mathematics, Jamie Wainwright May 2011

Attitudes And Beliefs Amongst Parents And Students In Mathematics, Jamie Wainwright

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this quantitative teacher action research project is to investigate the relationship between the attitudes and preconceived notions that parents have with their children's drive and performance in a high school mathematics class. Many other researchers have looked at the pure involvement of parents but I would like to go farther than that and look at the actual kind of involvement. When parents have had bad experiences with mathematics, does that correlate with their child's attitudes toward the class? Do these attitudes have a connection with the expectations parents have on the grades their children should ...


Collective Action Of The American State, Collective Action Of The American Masses, Brett R. Wilcox Jan 2011

Collective Action Of The American State, Collective Action Of The American Masses, Brett R. Wilcox

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis contains three parts:

  1. Whose Side Are You On? : Mob Violence and Collective Action through the Eyes of Revolutionary America
  2. Collective Action of the American State, Collective Action of the American Masses in the 21st Century
  3. Applications of New Knowledge: Student-Centered Resources Focusing on Collective Action in America History


An Exploration Of The Success Of Implementing A Creative Movement Lesson In A Special Education Classroom, Kaleigh C. Schwarz Jan 2011

An Exploration Of The Success Of Implementing A Creative Movement Lesson In A Special Education Classroom, Kaleigh C. Schwarz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study describes the experience of implementing a creative movement lesson in a special education classroom. The lesson was videotaped for further analysis by the researcher, and students were interviewed by the researcher following the lesson to detail their feelings about the experience. The researcher hoped to identify perceived successes and note possible challenges for the instructor and students when implementing a creative movement lesson.

Participants in this study were 3rd-5th grade students from a suburban elementary school in Western, NY. The district serves primarily working, middle class families, and all participants were in the mid to low socio-economic range ...


Thinking Small: The Volkswagen Beetle In History And Educational Pedagogy, James D. Armstrong Jan 2011

Thinking Small: The Volkswagen Beetle In History And Educational Pedagogy, James D. Armstrong

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis has three parts, a historiography and original research into the Volkswagen Beetleā€™s place in history, and the reason for its success, and ending with publishable teaching materials modeled after those style guides and suggestions made by the Organization of American Historians (OAH) that encompass best practices for teaching social studies content. The overall implications of my research led me to create lessons that focus on two aspects of Volkswagen's history that have program parallels to the New York State Core Curriculum. Each lesson can be used in historical curriculums to teach societal needs and wants, political ...


Rock ' N' Roll In The 1950s: Rockin' For Civil Rights, Eric Vaillancourt Jan 2011

Rock ' N' Roll In The 1950s: Rockin' For Civil Rights, Eric Vaillancourt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis has three parts, a historiography and original research into the impact of rock and roll on civil rights in history, original research, and ending with publishable teaching materials on Rock 'n' Roll and the Civil Rights Movement that will take seven class periods to complete. Five of these class periods are set aside for the students to complete a pod cast for the summative assessment portion of the unit. The lessons are planned for seventy-two minute block classes but can easily be adapted to any class period length .


A Societal Analysis Of Females In Education, Mackenzie Marr Jan 2011

A Societal Analysis Of Females In Education, Mackenzie Marr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The current researcher became interested in whether or not the current trend of women earning degrees in higher numbers than men would continue through the early half of the twenty-first century. The researcher was also interested in finding out what subjects the current students are interested in. In order to determine this, the researcher surveyed local seventh and eighth grade students. The researcher was interested in finding ways to get male and female students interested in careers that they would usually not know about or be interested in. One method the researcher surveyed today' s students on was job shadowing ...


Guided Reading In The Elementary Classroom: Assessing Student Progress To Inform And Individualize Guided Reading Instruction, Jennifer Lyndsay Powell Dec 2010

Guided Reading In The Elementary Classroom: Assessing Student Progress To Inform And Individualize Guided Reading Instruction, Jennifer Lyndsay Powell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to determine what reading assessments teachers are using to inform their guided reading instruction. The ways that teachers use the data from the assessments in terms of guided reading instruction and grouping was also addressed. Finally, the frequency of the administration of assessments will also be a critical piece of this study.


Northern And Southern Intentionality In The Civil War: Using Graphic Representations To Help Students Visualize The Past, Allison Tavino Dec 2010

Northern And Southern Intentionality In The Civil War: Using Graphic Representations To Help Students Visualize The Past, Allison Tavino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis on the American Civil War consists of the following three parts:

Part I: Historiographical Analysis: Why the South Lost the Civil War

Part II: Original Research: Courage, Honor, and Devotion to Family: The Values of a Deserter in the Confederate Army

Part III: Curriculum Development: The Gettysburg Address and Northern Intentionality: Using Graphic Representations to Visualize the Past