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Full-Text Articles in Education

Adapted Primary Literature (Apl): An Effective Authentic Text Option For The Science Classroom, Lauren C. Thresh Dec 2016

Adapted Primary Literature (Apl): An Effective Authentic Text Option For The Science Classroom, Lauren C. Thresh

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The intention of this literature review is to advocate for the incorporation of Adapted Primary Literature (APL) into secondary science classroom instruction in order to aid such science curriculum in achieving balanced authenticity. APL is a valuable instructional text option due to its novel design, an optimal compromise between authenticity and accessibility. APL is a superior reflection of authentic science as it is for professionals of science and in representation of the nature of science (NOS) than Secondary Literature (SL) and textbooks, the dominating scientific text genres of most secondary science classroom instruction. Yet, APL is more accessible in text ...


Describing Transformations: A Math 8 Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Jessica Stam Dec 2016

Describing Transformations: A Math 8 Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Jessica Stam

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project focuses on the 8th Grade Mathematics unit: Transformations. The project was developed as a resource for teachers transitioning to the new Common Core State Standards (CCSS). The unit plan is aligned to the New York State Common Core State Standards (NYSCCSS) and the New York State Standards for Mathematical Practices. The unit plan addresses all mathematical practice standards with emphasis on (2) Reason abstractly and quantitatively and (5) use appropriate tools strategically. The lessons in this unit plan, should be used as guide and alternate resource to support teachers who work in states where CCSS has been ...


Contemporary Strategies For The 21st Century Curriculum And Modern Student In English Language Arts, Shannon Ekas Dec 2016

Contemporary Strategies For The 21st Century Curriculum And Modern Student In English Language Arts, Shannon Ekas

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The 21st century has significantly changed socially, economically, and naturally from previous centuries. This affects every aspect of life, especially major aspects of life such as education. Today, the modern student needs different forms of support and instruction from their teachers in order to thrive academically in school. This thesis explores the strategies and mindsets that teachers must implement in the 21st century English Language Arts (ELA) classroom, influenced by the modern student’s world. Specifically, this research focuses on using research-based, contemporary strategies and educational technology to enhance a learning environment that fosters culturally-responsive and student-centered teaching instruction in ...


Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold Dec 2016

Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Argumentation is a critical goal of today’s schools as a way to develop rational citizens who can critique the validity claims about phenomenon in society and the natural world. This work reviews current educational research about the best practices when it comes to teaching and using argumentation in STEM disciplines. As a result of this literature review, three strategies are identified and implemented in a secondary STEM classroom to determine their impact. The specific strategies used to support argumentation were a clear argument structure, collaborative discourse, and engaging, inquiry based tasks. While the sample size is small, the literature ...


How Choice Influences Student Engagement And Motivation: A Case Study, Natalie K. Memmel Dec 2016

How Choice Influences Student Engagement And Motivation: A Case Study, Natalie K. Memmel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This capstone explores how choice influences student motivation and engagement in literacy. With observations, student and parent interviews, literacy based activities, and a student self-reflection. The participant is studied based on his motivation and engagement when choice is provided and when it is not. The parent participant is studied based on her parental involvement and influence on the student participant. The purpose of this study is to gain insight on how to implement choice for this specific student in and outside of the classroom, and how that influences his motivation and engagement in literacy. The study also aims to get ...


Factors That Influence The Gap In Literacy Achievement For Emergent Literacy Male Students, Samantha Tumminelli Dec 2016

Factors That Influence The Gap In Literacy Achievement For Emergent Literacy Male Students, Samantha Tumminelli

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The article discusses the need of utilizing student choice in literacy materials within the classroom, especially with emerging male students. It states the gender gap that is seen between male and female students, and how important it is to attempt to close that gap. The author explores the role that student choice has on increasing student engagement, and levels of interest.


Motivating Students To Read: A Case Study, Samantha K. Ericksen Dec 2016

Motivating Students To Read: A Case Study, Samantha K. Ericksen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper explores various literacy techniques that can be used to motivate and engage students to read. The literacy techniques examined were student choice, student interest, rereading with a purpose, and book discussions. A case study was conducted to determine whether or not these techniques increased reading engagement and motivation.


Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder And Reading Comprehension: What Works And What Does Not?, Hannah Kruger Dec 2016

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder And Reading Comprehension: What Works And What Does Not?, Hannah Kruger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative case study explores the impact Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder has upon literacy learning. The purpose of this research is to not only explore the nature of FASD, but also aid in expanding the understanding of teachers and educators regarding particular teaching and learning strategies that may address the unique literacy needs of students diagnosed with FASD. Four reading comprehension strategies were introduced to the research participant over twelve weeks; the participant indicated that two of the strategies were most beneficial because they were not only highly structured, but also contained clear steps to follow, allowing for greater ease ...


The Impact Of The Multiple Intelligences On Literacy Learning: A Case Study, Brittany Sanderson Dec 2016

The Impact Of The Multiple Intelligences On Literacy Learning: A Case Study, Brittany Sanderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

My qualitative case study looked at a particular student through the eyes of an emergent literacy learner. Through conducting this type of research, I sought to examine how student interest and motivation allow students to strive in literacy learning in reading and writing. My research participant was selected based on accessibility outside of the classroom setting. As a substitute teacher, it is rarely guaranteed that I will be in the same classroom often; therefore, my participant was selected based upon availability and familiarity. Through the various literacy learning sessions, I employed in conducting my research study with Fred (a pseudonym ...


The Impact Of Promoting Literacy Through Educational Songs, Rachel Turner Orenberg Dec 2016

The Impact Of Promoting Literacy Through Educational Songs, Rachel Turner Orenberg

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine how singing educational songs can promote literacy growth and development in emergent literacy learners. I wanted to know more about the impacts of incorporating music into education, especially when it comes to the acquisition of foundational literacy skills. While doing this research, I gained insights into different strategies and approaches that I can incorporate into my students’ literacy learning experiences.


Modification Of Linguistic Instructional Strategies For Application In Chemistry: Progressing Beyond Scientific Literacy To Chemical Fluency, Genevieve Marie Criss Dec 2016

Modification Of Linguistic Instructional Strategies For Application In Chemistry: Progressing Beyond Scientific Literacy To Chemical Fluency, Genevieve Marie Criss

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project presents multiple instructional supports, designed from modifications of bilingual and linguistic educational methods, to promote the development of chemical fluency in chemistry language learners. These chemical language-focused supports will be presented in the form of six language modules, which feature specifically tailored linguistic strategies and specialized resources. Each module is specifically designed to support and align with the chemical language needs in the first six units of a typical Regents Chemistry classroom in New York state. Linguistic strategies for use in these modules include: 1) translation supports as used in bilingual education, with particular reference to code-switching ...


Don’T Forget About Social Studies: A Unit Plan Project On Using Integration In Elementary Social Studies, Roland J. Yockel Ii Dec 2016

Don’T Forget About Social Studies: A Unit Plan Project On Using Integration In Elementary Social Studies, Roland J. Yockel Ii

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Social studies is one of the four core content areas in the elementary curriculum. With the current climate of standardized testing and the Common Core standards, social studies is facing marginalization in the elementary classroom. More and more time is being spent on English Language Arts (ELA) and mathematics and less time is being spent on social studies. Elementary social studies is facing a problem that could greatly affect the future of the elementary classroom.

This project looks at and addresses the problem of marginalization of elementary social studies. The literature review identifies the details of the current state of ...


The Question Of Digital Game Based Learning: An Investigation Into The Potential Promises And Perils Of Education's Golden Goose, Molly E. O'Riley Dec 2016

The Question Of Digital Game Based Learning: An Investigation Into The Potential Promises And Perils Of Education's Golden Goose, Molly E. O'Riley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper seeks to explore the recent research around digital game based learning (DGBL) and the K-12 classroom. Through an analytical review of the literature, this paper explores relationships between extant professional literature and empirical research, as well as examining common themes found through the exploration. There seems to be a dearth between the anecdotal literature advocating the use of DGBL in the classroom and empirical research to support its actual effect. This study looks at four different research articles written between 2010 and 2015 in order to find out if there is empirical evidence that supports the use of ...


Technology Effects On Motivation To Read: A Case Study Through Teacher Candidates, Jessica West Dec 2016

Technology Effects On Motivation To Read: A Case Study Through Teacher Candidates, Jessica West

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Technology is increasingly affecting literacy engagement of everyone. It is the job of the teacher to bring technology and literacy into the classroom, as this increases motivation and engagement. Using a series of interviews, a survey, and a daily-log, participants were examined in order to collect qualitative data on motivation to read through technology and technology usage in the classroom. It has been determined that 1.) Social networking is a daily involvement, 2.) Readers are motivated through choice, and 3.) Social networking in the classroom is dependent by many factors. More specifically, reading is motivated through social networks by the ...


The Impact Of Play On Emergent Literacy Development, Ashley Gazza Dec 2016

The Impact Of Play On Emergent Literacy Development, Ashley Gazza

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With increased standards in today’s school’s teachers are taking away play time and focusing on more specific literacy instruction. The opportunities to learn through play and exploration is a thing of the past. Although research states play is a natural part of a child’s development (Wong, Wang, & Cheng, 2011) the research focused on what reading and writing activities are embedded in play and how play can help develop emergent literacy in young children. A qualitative study was conducted with a 5-year-old male, at the emergent literacy state of development. The current study observed the research participant playing ...


Solving Systems Of Equations And Inequalities: An Algebra Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core, Nicole Scipione Dec 2016

Solving Systems Of Equations And Inequalities: An Algebra Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core, Nicole Scipione

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As a response to both the implementation of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and a recent approval of a change by the New York State Board of Regents to allow multiple pathways for graduation, this curriculum project, which will be referred to as a unit plan throughout the paper, was designed to meet the need for more units of study that address looking for and making use of structure in Algebra. The unit plan on solving systems of equations and inequalities is aligned to the New York State Common Core Learning Standards for mathematics (NYSCCLM) and addresses looking for ...


Physics Inquiry Starters: Labs To Introduce Physics Content, Jason S. Pritchard Oct 2016

Physics Inquiry Starters: Labs To Introduce Physics Content, Jason S. Pritchard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Next Generation Science standards emphasize students thinking and working like scientists. The New York State Board of Regents adopted the draft New York State Science Learning Standards based on the Next Generation Science Standards in December 2016 for implementation beginning July 1, 2017. Teachers are concerned about such a short timeline to implement new standards. While these standards do not include new content for Physics teachers, many of them deepen the content and require a higher level of Blooms Taxonomy to meet the standards than the previous standards. Research backs inquiry-based learning in the science classroom (Jackson & Ash, 2012; Marshall & Alston, 2014; Shemwell ...


Uncovering Models And Visualizations In The Chemistry Classroom, An Assessment Of Classroom Activities And Lessons, Michael Brooke-Gay Oct 2016

Uncovering Models And Visualizations In The Chemistry Classroom, An Assessment Of Classroom Activities And Lessons, Michael Brooke-Gay

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Chemistry education, although difficult, can be improved through the use of modeling and visualizations in the classroom. Example case studies throughout will show the importance of models and questioning techniques used to assess student understanding. By injecting mental models, physical scientific models, cartoons, analogies and computer simulations into the curriculum, chemistry can become a subject where seeing the unseen is possible.


Differentiation In Chemistry For Students With Various Levels Of Cognitive Efficiency, Marilyn Laistner Oct 2016

Differentiation In Chemistry For Students With Various Levels Of Cognitive Efficiency, Marilyn Laistner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Using Cognitive Load Theory as a tool to help teachers differentiate in a Chemistry classroom can benefit both teacher and student. Using this theory, teachers can evaluate their lessons and activities and gauge how challenging they will be for their students, which invites teachers to adapt their methods based on their students’ skills. Students’ capabilities can be measured using the idea of cognitive efficiency. If they complete a task quickly and with a low amount of effort, versus a peer who completes the same task over a long time, applying a great deal of effort with little result, the first ...


Building English Language Learner’S Knowledge Of Chemistry Through Inquiry Based Learning, Sarah Maggard Oct 2016

Building English Language Learner’S Knowledge Of Chemistry Through Inquiry Based Learning, Sarah Maggard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

English Language Learners (ELLs) are becoming more prevalent in classrooms across the United States. This diverse group of students is not receiving an equitable education in comparison to their native English speaking peers, causing an area for concern. Science is one of the most problematic courses that these students are not adequately instructed in. Teachers may not be prepared for ELLs in their classrooms, and need help with adequately addressing this group of students in their classrooms. The literature expresses the need for specific differentiation for ELLs in the classroom. Inquiry based learning aids in second language acquisition and provides ...


Graphic Novels As Tools For A Modern English Classroom, Erin St. James Oct 2016

Graphic Novels As Tools For A Modern English Classroom, Erin St. James

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

English teachers today often face the difficult job of providing engaging lessons to a highly diverse group of students. Teachers must teach English as a New Language students, struggling readers, and even advanced readers, sometimes in the same classroom. One way to achieve this goal is to use graphic novels in the classroom. This project reviews available literature to determine what sort of success graphic novels have seen in the classroom, why graphic novels are not used more frequently in the classroom, and how graphic novels might be best utilized in the secondary English classroom. Following the literature review is ...


Teaching Arithmetic Sequences Using Situated Problem Solving Tasks, Thomas A. Fisher Sep 2016

Teaching Arithmetic Sequences Using Situated Problem Solving Tasks, Thomas A. Fisher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project was developed to help teachers educate students about arithmetic sequences using an inquiry-based situative approach. The curriculum incorporates meaningful contexts within problem solving tasks to help students make connections between linear functions and arithmetic sequences. The materials are aligned to the Algebra I standards within the Common Core Learning Standards (CCLS).


Examining Motivation To Behave Professionally In A Positive Behavior Support Model, Warren C. Wood Aug 2016

Examining Motivation To Behave Professionally In A Positive Behavior Support Model, Warren C. Wood

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much research has been conducted on the impact that student behavior has on school and student outcomes. Loss of instruction, academic failure, and criminal activity have been linked to anti-social behavior in students. Such behaviors were more likely in schools that used a punitive form of behavior management and unclear expectations. Therefore, it is necessary for schools to teach students how to act professionally so that they are prepared for the demands of college and career. Positive Behavior Support (PBS) is a widely used behavior prevention model that has been shown to be effective in reducing behavior problems in schools ...


A First Grade Student’S Affect And Self-Perception Regarding Literacy, Jami Saladin Aug 2016

A First Grade Student’S Affect And Self-Perception Regarding Literacy, Jami Saladin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

As I entered the first grade classroom, I sought out Jake who was working quietly near the window. I sat down next to him to get an idea of what he was working on and he did not look up once. I noticed he was writing about his favorite sport. As soon as I asked what his favorite sport was, we were able to have a lively conversation. He told me all about the Miami Dolphins and right away, I brought up that I was a Bills fan. From then on, we were always able to get back into ...


Problem Based Learning And Stem Model Design In A Secondary Biology Curriculum, Caleb Stewart Aug 2016

Problem Based Learning And Stem Model Design In A Secondary Biology Curriculum, Caleb Stewart

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Education in the field of science is designed to prepare students to achieve success and understanding of the science that surrounds them and hopefully train them for a continued education and understanding of the scientific field. When educational content is demonstrated rather than discovered it inhibits a student’s ability to become a lifelong learner and explorer of the sciences. Learning through demonstration also prevents students from experiencing the collaboration between science, technology, engineering and math (STEM). The following education plan models education that is designed around discovering how real world body systems function and collaborating to apply knowledge rather ...


Parental Involvement: Barriers Hispanic Parents Face, Iris M. Cruz Aug 2016

Parental Involvement: Barriers Hispanic Parents Face, Iris M. Cruz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

Parental involvement in education is considered to be one of the key contributing factors to students’ academic success whose benefits have been well established. In spite of this, lack of parental involvement continues to be one of the leading concerns schools in the United States face, especially among Hispanic parents whose children have long been characterized by low levels of high school completion and highest dropout rates of any other ethnicity. Findings indicate that Hispanic parents face unique barriers, such as language barriers, low levels of education, and economic hardships that hinder their involvement in their children’s education ...


Hablantes De Herencia (H.H.) De Español En Las Clases De Idiomas Extranjeros En La Escuela Secundaria: Los Maestros Y Su Preparación, Hercilia I. Cassell Jul 2016

Hablantes De Herencia (H.H.) De Español En Las Clases De Idiomas Extranjeros En La Escuela Secundaria: Los Maestros Y Su Preparación, Hercilia I. Cassell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

La falta de preparación académica de los maestros de español como idioma extranjero para responder por las necesidades de los Hablantes de Herencia, HH, de este mismo idioma, los que con frecuencia son incluidos en estas clases las cuales están dirigidas exclusivamente a estudiantes monolingües en inglés, tiene un efecto adverso en el desarrollo de su competencia lingüística. Por esta razón, para averiguar que deficiencias encontraban los maestros en su preparación surgió este proyecto de investigación con el objetivo principal de ayudarles a adquirir los conocimientos que les permitirán educar de manera eficaz a los HH. En esta investigación se ...


Achieving Conceptual Change Using A Differentiated Instructional Approach, Elena R. Chmielowiec Jun 2016

Achieving Conceptual Change Using A Differentiated Instructional Approach, Elena R. Chmielowiec

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Currently, the way that science education is implemented in our schools is inadequate for enabling students to understand abstract science and all of the misconceptions that surround complicated topics, specifically in astronomy (Cil, 2014). Simply taking notes doesn’t allow the student or teacher to discover or correct these misconceptions. There must be novel lesson teaching approaches that educators may take in order to explore and correct misconceptions, ultimately achieving conceptual change.

Teachers must take into account who they are teaching. When students enter the classroom, they each have different skills, experiences and interests. It is the teacher’s responsibility ...


Rearranging Algebraic Equations Using Electrical Circuit Applications: A Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core Learning Standards, Susan L. Sommers Jun 2016

Rearranging Algebraic Equations Using Electrical Circuit Applications: A Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core Learning Standards, Susan L. Sommers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As a response to both the implementation of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and a recent approval of a change by the New York State Board of Regents to allow multiple pathways for graduation, this curriculum project, which will be referred to as a unit plan throughout the paper, was designed to meet the need for more units of study that apply mathematical modeling in algebra to real world situations that allow students to explore applications of mathematics in careers. The unit plan on rearranging algebraic equations using electrical circuit applications is aligned to the New York State Common ...


Putting The Pieces Together, Jessica Smith Jun 2016

Putting The Pieces Together, Jessica Smith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students who are non-verbal can struggle with communication and expression. The purpose of this study is to explore strategies that may support pre-kindergarten students who are non-verbal in constructing and communicating reading comprehension. It was done in their classroom as part of the curriculum. Data were collected by observation and collection of student work samples. I interviewed teachers and specialists using semi-structured questions to collect and examine their ideas and opinions on comprehension strategies. I used constant-comparison analysis methods to determine what strategies work best for the students.