Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 81

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Series Of Problem Based Learning Modules To Be Used In Living Environment Classrooms, Katrina Cordeiro Dec 2014

A Series Of Problem Based Learning Modules To Be Used In Living Environment Classrooms, Katrina Cordeiro

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Problem Based Learning (PBL) is an instructional model which poses problems to students in life-like scenarios. The common feature among the many PBL models is “that it a constructivist pedagogy” (Hill & Smith, 2005, p. 20). Research has indicated that PBL offers many advantages to learning high school science, including that students experience “the nature of authentic inquiry and the different methods of finding answers to their questions” (Chin & Chia, 2006, p. 62). Research also shows that the success of PBL is dependent on the design, and on the circumstances, in which it is implemented. This project is a compilation of ...


The Declining Role Of Elementary Science Education In The United States:, Amy L. Visca Dec 2014

The Declining Role Of Elementary Science Education In The United States:, Amy L. Visca

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Nationally, the most important goal of contemporary science education is to produce scientifically literate adults (Zimmerman, 2007). The current goal of the National Framework for K-12 science education, which is to ensure that by the end of 12th grade, all students have some appreciation of the beauty and wonder of science. This includes their ability to possess sufficient knowledge of science and engineering information to adequately engage in public discussions on related issues. These abilities will increase in time with a goal of creating a student body that is able to continue to learn about science outside school. Further, it ...


Parental Involvement And The Influence Of Parents’ Prior Literacy Experiences, Joseph Dobucki Dec 2014

Parental Involvement And The Influence Of Parents’ Prior Literacy Experiences, Joseph Dobucki

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines parents’ prior literacy experiences and how those experiences influence their involvement with literacy activities at home. The data for this study were collected through interviewing parents who had children in my kindergarten classroom. After analyzing the data, multiple themes were identified, which includes positive literacy experiences may be provided by adults other than parents, parental involvement takes on many forms, and the importance of teachers and parents to establish relationships to support student literacy learning. The conclusion of this study is that parents’ prior literacy experiences have a direct influence on their involvement with their children. This ...


Building Resiliency In The Classroom, Loren M. Montrallo Dec 2014

Building Resiliency In The Classroom, Loren M. Montrallo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project is an investigation in building resiliency in students. Building resiliency in students through specific targeting techniques is crucial to the success of many students in schools across the country. This project will explore what resiliency theory is, and how the lack of resiliency can negatively affect student achievement. It includes specific educational techniques and interventions that can be immediately implemented in the classroom to target specific resiliency deficiencies. The central question this project seeks to answer is, "how can educators better address students who have resiliency deficiencies in the classroom, while still teaching to the Common Core State ...


Teaching Nutrition And Health In The Urban-Science Classroom A Blended-Approach To Culturally Relevant, And Problem Based Learning., Alexa C. Cavalli Dec 2014

Teaching Nutrition And Health In The Urban-Science Classroom A Blended-Approach To Culturally Relevant, And Problem Based Learning., Alexa C. Cavalli

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Education has been seen as the means for all young people to receive equal opportunities, however our current system of education does not currently set up all young people to have similar achievements in the field of science. Young people from urban and impoverished backgrounds are less likely to see value or purpose in their science education. For this reason it is my belief that something needs to change in the way we educate urban youth in the field science. This project aims to unite currently supported practices and theories in to a cohesive educational unit.

This unit will pull ...


Shifting To Higher Levels Of Inquiry In The Regents Physics Laboratory, Anthony P. Cali Dec 2014

Shifting To Higher Levels Of Inquiry In The Regents Physics Laboratory, Anthony P. Cali

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Inquiry in the classroom has been interpreted and explained in many different ways. However, at its foundations, inquiry is essentially learning by questioning. In the context of a classroom, inquiry is student lead learning that can occur at various levels of student responsibility. While inquiry based instruction is important in all content areas, this project focuses on using inquiry in the science laboratory. The benefits of inquiry-based instruction are significant and include increases in student engagement, critical thinking skills, creative problem solving, and autonomy in the learning process. While the benefits of inquiry-based instruction are worthwhile, the challenges of developing ...


The Legal Process To Desegregation In Public Schools And The Racial Divide In Rochester, New York, Daniel J. Travis Dec 2014

The Legal Process To Desegregation In Public Schools And The Racial Divide In Rochester, New York, Daniel J. Travis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research examines the legal process to desegregation in the United States throughout history. The focus is on the principles established during reconstruction and how they had a lasting impact on segregating public schools across the nation. The court cases leading up the landmark decision of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka are also explored and broken down. The history behind the cases is then compared to the resurfacing issue of segregation in public schools following the Civil Rights movement with a primary focus on the City of Rochester and the surrounding suburbs. Following the reading their is also ...


Racial Politics Of American History And The United Nations: The Impact Of The Cold War On The Civil Rights Movement, Amy C. Cody Dec 2014

Racial Politics Of American History And The United Nations: The Impact Of The Cold War On The Civil Rights Movement, Amy C. Cody

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Thesis research focuses around the Civil Rights Congress' 1951 United Nations Petition charging the United States with genocide against the African American race. This thesis also examines the complexities of global politics and the impact Communism had on the civil rights organization's ability to gain support for reform on the domestic and international level.


A Collection Of Computer Simulation Enhanced Units For Earth Science, Erin Jankowiak Dec 2014

A Collection Of Computer Simulation Enhanced Units For Earth Science, Erin Jankowiak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Inquiry learning has become the big thing in science education. Yet many concepts across the sciences pose challenges that have traditionally made them difficult or even impossible for this kind of learning. This project explored the implementation of computer simulations into the science classroom as a way to overcome many of the traditional challenges. While research has revealed both benefits and issues associated with their use, when implemented properly computer simulations were found to have the potential to help students develop deeper conceptual understandings of scientific concepts. Along with exploring the benefits and issues related to computer simulations, a review ...


Multimodal Literacy In The English/Language Arts Classroom: Meeting Standards And Remaining Relevant In The 21st Century, Aaron M. Smith Dec 2014

Multimodal Literacy In The English/Language Arts Classroom: Meeting Standards And Remaining Relevant In The 21st Century, Aaron M. Smith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers have long been experimenting with the incorporation of technology, media literacy, and multimodal literacy in the English/Language Arts classroom. However, the recent adoption of Common Core standards and the increased emphasis on standardized, high-stakes testing makes it seemingly more difficult than ever to make curriculum relevant and engaging. Rather than give up, teachers should instead push harder than ever to incorporate multimodal literacy in their classrooms. Studies have repeatedly documented the benefits in both student engagement and achievement of incorporating technology and multimodal literacy in the classroom. This paper provides a sampling of some of that research as ...


Technology In Education, Ryan S. Hackett Dec 2014

Technology In Education, Ryan S. Hackett

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This comprehensive project examines how overexposure to technology impacts the learning styles of students, and how teaching strategies need to be adapted to meet the changing learning needs of this generation. David Jukes (2010) book, Understanding the Digital Generation (Teaching and Learning in the New Digital Landscape), discusses how students learning styles have evolved and changed over the years due to them being inundated with technology from a young age. This paper will examine Jukes claims, discuss how modern teachers need to adapt their teaching styles to reach students of the Digital Generation, and will offer practical lessons that teachers ...


Reconstruction Delayed: How Presidents And The Southern Civil War Prolonged The End Of Reconstruction, Jason V. Shelton Dec 2014

Reconstruction Delayed: How Presidents And The Southern Civil War Prolonged The End Of Reconstruction, Jason V. Shelton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reconstruction is one of the most controversial periods in American history. The decade which followed the conclusion of the American Civil War featured debates in the North and extreme violence in the South. The major argument was over what the next steps would be in terms of reuniting the nation after a bloody conflict pitting brother against brother. Historians have confined the era into a twelve year period lasting from 1865 to 1876. However, the goals of Reconstruction were not achieved until well after the election of 1876, and even in 2014, there is still work to be done when ...


The Implementation Of Project-Based Learning (Pjbl) In An Earth Science Classroom: The Effectiveness Of Pjbl In Teaching Students About Sustainable Energy, Jeremiah E. Johnson Dec 2014

The Implementation Of Project-Based Learning (Pjbl) In An Earth Science Classroom: The Effectiveness Of Pjbl In Teaching Students About Sustainable Energy, Jeremiah E. Johnson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) (NRC, 2013) have developed a framework for more effective pedagogical approaches in the science classroom that advance student engagement in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM). The framework is cited in developing student understanding of three major aspects of learning: “understanding of science concepts, their identities as learner of science, and their appreciation of scientific practices and crosscutting concepts” (NGSS, 2012).The framework explains that the most effective way of transmitting these aspects of learning is through “investigation, collection and analysis of evidence, logical reasoning, and communication of information” (NGSS, 2013). Project-Based Learning (PjBL ...


Using Conceptual Change Texts To Address Misconceptions In The Middle School Science Classroom, Daniel M. Mckenna Dec 2014

Using Conceptual Change Texts To Address Misconceptions In The Middle School Science Classroom, Daniel M. Mckenna

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

The aim of this study is to create conceptual change texts for use in the middle school Earth Science curriculum. This project was informed by the current research on student misconceptions, the conceptual change model, and conceptual change texts. A review of the literature demonstrated that student misconceptions are prevalent in most science classrooms and that the conceptual change model is the most effective model for addressing misconceptions. The research also found that conceptual change texts are an excellent application of the conceptual change model and can be used in any science classroom. The project associated with this study ...


For Arguments Sake, Let’S Use Technology In The Science Classroom, Timothy P. Chichester Dec 2014

For Arguments Sake, Let’S Use Technology In The Science Classroom, Timothy P. Chichester

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The use of SSI argumentation has been used in the classroom to develop students understanding of scientific issues, but the current use is limited in how far the student’s understanding can go. The issues currently facing SSI argumentation in the classroom are: student’s lack of knowledge of the NOS, lack of communication between students, and engagement of students in developing evidence to support claims. My project will take these weaknesses of SSI, and improve them through the use of technology. The use of technology is becoming more prevalent in schools today, but improvements concerning the use of it ...


Investigating Student Discourse And Literacy Development Surrounding Peer Reading, Lilly M. Marino Dec 2014

Investigating Student Discourse And Literacy Development Surrounding Peer Reading, Lilly M. Marino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigates the types of talk students engage in during peer reading and its relation to literacy learning. Participants were observed when engaged in peer reading over a course of six weeks. The data for this study was collected through observations, video recordings, and interviews. After all the data was collected it was analyzed using the constant comparison method. Results from this study showed that students' talk during peer reading involved conversations that were meaningful. These conversations in addition to students scaffolding each other's learning helped students to make meaning of the text. Students also used play as ...


Gifted Students In Mathematics: A Problem Solving Approach To Enrichment, Caylin Depuy Dec 2014

Gifted Students In Mathematics: A Problem Solving Approach To Enrichment, Caylin Depuy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In the United States mathematically gifted students frequently go unnoticed and most often receive the same education as their at-level peers (Ysseldyke, Tardrew, Betts, Thill, Hannigan, 2004). There is very limited funding available for gifted students and the identification and classification varies by state, often being decided by school district (National Association, 2014). Gifted American students are exposed to less challenging problems than those in other countries and, as a result, are falling behind in academic performance (Ross, 1993). This curriculum is designed to supplement the existing Geometry curriculum by offering eight unique, challenging problems that can be used for ...


A Curriculum Project On Expressions And Equations In Mathematics 7 Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Rebecca K. Logan Dec 2014

A Curriculum Project On Expressions And Equations In Mathematics 7 Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Rebecca K. Logan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As our nation is in a time of educational reform, a curriculum project on Expressions and Equations in the Mathematics 7 curriculum is appropriate as it is aligned to the Common Core State Standards.

The created study of Expressions and Equations in Mathematics 7 addresses the New York State Standards from the Expressions and Equations Domain and includes student learning objectives that demonstrate understanding of solving equations through a modeling approach. Studies have concluded that when students are able to touch and manipulate mathematics, they learn best (Raymond & Leinenbach, 2000). A table of contents is provided for easy access to each lesson plan, worksheets, and assessments needed for the 9-day unit plan. In addition, each lesson plan includes the goal for the lesson, the instructional outcomes, and the New York State Common Core Learning Standards that are addressed.

The validity of this curriculum project was assessed by the author of the unit plan as the created lessons were implemented in the author’s classroom in October 2014. Furthermore, the validity of the curriculum project was measured by two cooperating veteran teachers that critiqued the unit plan though a questionnaire.

The paradigm shift from the NCTM standards to the Common Core State Standards provides opportunities for educators to re-design their teaching in the classroom; this curriculum project on Expressions and Equations is created to be a ...


An Algebra Unit On Quadratics For Teachers With Students With Ebd, Christopher Williams Dec 2014

An Algebra Unit On Quadratics For Teachers With Students With Ebd, Christopher Williams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The number of students identified as having an emotional and behavioral disorder (EBD) are increasing rapidly and still underreported. These students often have significant behavioral, social and academic deficits that pose challenges within and outside the school setting and are among some of the most difficult students to teach with the bleakest post-school success or employment rates. Research reveals several effective procedures for conducting interventions to increase performance, participation and engagement and in lowering the number of inappropriate behavior occurrences within the classroom. Based on these findings, an algebra unit plan on quadratics has been developed to assist and direct ...


One Student’S Use Of Multiple Literacies In The 21st Century, Essence J. Mcfadden Dec 2014

One Student’S Use Of Multiple Literacies In The 21st Century, Essence J. Mcfadden

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis is about multiple literacies and how they affect the lifestyle and literacy development of the focal participant. Through the use of observation, interview, and correspondence the participant is studied by the amount of use and methods of use of multiple and digital literacies. The purpose of this study is to gain insight on how to implement these literacies in the classroom to keep students motivated and get them to strive to do better academically. Its aim is to also be able to get a closer look at the educational benefits and perhaps any disadvantages to bringing multiple literacies ...


Differentiated Instruction: Its Effect On Proximal Development, Stephanie K. Least Nov 2014

Differentiated Instruction: Its Effect On Proximal Development, Stephanie K. Least

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research investigates how a mathematics teacher and a literacy expert co-teach to provide differentiated instruction in a general education setting within a heterogeneous classroom, i.e. instruction is tailored so that all students can work within their Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). Vygotsky's ZPD theory has been shown in research as a valuable tool towards assisting students with successful problem solving outcomes through student-to-student interaction, and through student and teacher interaction. Collaboration between a mathematics teacher and a literacy expert and how they differentiate instruction will be investigated through a case study.


The Role Of Talk In Literature Circles, Ashley R. Zaborowski Nov 2014

The Role Of Talk In Literature Circles, Ashley R. Zaborowski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores the kinds of talk that take place during literature circles, and how those kinds of talk impact the students’ comprehension of a text. This study also investigates how the use of reading roles or jobs impact the way students converse during literature circle discussions. The participants in this study were 4th grade students who had a variety of reading levels. Data were collected through the use of audio recordings, observations, and student work (exit tickets). The data were collected and analyzed using a constant comparison method. The findings of this study show that the students took ...


The Civil War Brought To Life: Civil War Re-Enactments And Their Use In The Classroom, Joshua Arie Coon Nov 2014

The Civil War Brought To Life: Civil War Re-Enactments And Their Use In The Classroom, Joshua Arie Coon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this thesis paper was to examine re-enactments and how they could be used as educational tools in the classroom. The paper starts with explaining re-enacting and what has been written about it. The research discusses how in the realm of re-enacting there is a major focus on authenticity. Authenticity is never completely defined as it is different for each individual re-enactor. The research also talks about the two main reasons why people choose to re-enact. Though every re-enactors decision to join a group is different, the two main reasons seem to be to educate the public or ...


Reading Process Comparison Between Graphic Novel And Traditional Novels, Emily M. Maniace Oct 2014

Reading Process Comparison Between Graphic Novel And Traditional Novels, Emily M. Maniace

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Through this study, I examined how readers use different reading process when reading a graphic novel and traditional novel. The guiding question for the study was how does the process differ when reading a graphic novel when compared to a traditional novel? This research is a qualitative study of one student’s processing while reading a graphic novel compared to a traditional novel through the use of verbal protocols of reading. While reading both the graphic novel and traditional novel the subject used a variety of strategies such as visual cues, inferring, predicting, connecting, questioning, author’s style and rereading ...


Utilizing The History Of Science To Enhance Student Understanding And Engagement: A Compilation Of Earth Science Lesson Plans, Jennifer Boerner Oct 2014

Utilizing The History Of Science To Enhance Student Understanding And Engagement: A Compilation Of Earth Science Lesson Plans, Jennifer Boerner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Classroom research has shown that the history of science can be used to enhance student understanding of scientific concepts and processes, as well as the context in which science is explored. Successful methods for incorporating the history of science in to the classroom can also improve student understanding and use of scientific argumentation, as well as scientific literacy. Issues with incorporating history of science into the classroom include teachers’ lack of understanding and a dearth of available materials. The following project includes a review of relevant literature and Earth Science lessons incorporating the history of science into the topics of ...


Effects Of Technology On Literacy Skills And Motivation To Read And Write, Leah C.C. Fox Oct 2014

Effects Of Technology On Literacy Skills And Motivation To Read And Write, Leah C.C. Fox

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project is an initial investigation into how technology affects one student’s literacy learning and motivation in reading and writing. Over a period of five weeks, I incorporated technology into instruction and then observed how it affected the student’s motivation and skills while reading and writing. I conducted observations, interviews and retellings to gather all data. The primary goal of this study was to answer the research questions 1) What effects do digital literacies have on a struggling reader and writer as well as his/her motivation to read and write? 2) What additional factors influence this student ...


Writing Behaviors Of A 5th Grade Bilingual Student, Zachary T. Koch Oct 2014

Writing Behaviors Of A 5th Grade Bilingual Student, Zachary T. Koch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Significant shifts in demographics across the United States continue to impact educational demands and decisions. This article is an initial investigation of the behaviors and understandings of a bilingual student participating in an academic literacy community. In order to begin exploring my topic, I posed the question: “What traits are evident in a bilingual student’s writing at home and at school?” The participants included a 5th grade male and his mother; both speak English as a second language and are of South Korean heritage. I approached my research qualitatively; using discourse analysis of written text and oral conversation ...


Native American Women Representations In American History, Margaret E. Krencik Oct 2014

Native American Women Representations In American History, Margaret E. Krencik

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The lives and actions on non-Euro-American individuals have historically been omitted from the American narrative. My research exposes how historians have, over the past few decades, begun to study Native American women in ways that honor their diversity and participation in American History. I challenge historians that discredit native oral traditions, a method that has been used to suppress native histories, through an analysis of an Oneida tradition. Finally, I created a website to educate schools and teachers of the steps they must take to rectify the disservice textbooks and curriculum have committed against minority students. The inclusion of minority ...


Sport As A Social Spectacle, Sean Cook Aug 2014

Sport As A Social Spectacle, Sean Cook

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this thesis paper was to examine the relationship that exists between sports and society. Throughout all of the research that had been conducted, the author has drawn the conclusion that sports and society are closely related. The author started by examining the relationship between society and two specific sports events in history. Those two events were Jackie Robinson crossing the color barrier into Major League Baseball and the 1980 “Miracle on Ice”. The author chose these two events because of the great impact they had on society respectively. In addition, the author also outlined outside resources that ...


Frederick Douglass And The Rochester Community, Sara D'Ambrosio Aug 2014

Frederick Douglass And The Rochester Community, Sara D'Ambrosio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The objective of this study is to determine the influence Frederick Douglass had on Rochester, New York in both the past and today. Beginning with an examination of research done on both the Reconstruction Era and Frederick Douglass, this study examines how Douglass played a crucial role in creating equality in the United States. Choosing to focus on elements other than slavery, there is an extensive look at the impact Douglass had in the areas of education, religion, politics, and global politics, and how his reach can still be felt in the present day.

Following the research on the impact ...