Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Education

Bilingual Education : Searching For The Ideal Elementary Bilingual Program, Vanessa J. Brumaghim Dec 2009

Bilingual Education : Searching For The Ideal Elementary Bilingual Program, Vanessa J. Brumaghim

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Bilingualism refers to an individual’s ability to proficiently use multiple languages. Bilingual education, then, refers to all programs that seek to teach using two specific languages. Bilingual education’s goals are to not only academically but also culturally embrace the student learner and prepare them for the competitive, global market. This research project heralds the merits and challenges of each teaching model (two-way immersion, transitional, and developmental) being utilized in the United States. It argues the challenging question of best practices for these models as they are employed for future generations of K-12 learners, taking into account the various ...


Disaster In The Heartland: The American Dust Bowl, Carl R. O'Connor Dec 2009

Disaster In The Heartland: The American Dust Bowl, Carl R. O'Connor

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Homestead Act, introduction of cattle and high yield crops, along with technological transformations in agriculture, and an ill-timed drought cycle began the disaster known as the Dust Bowl. The first section of this thesis project closely examines the Dust Bowl era of American history and the impact on several agricultural regions in the United States, both economically and culturally. It explores the historical cause and effect of this calamitous time in our nation’s history. Discussion of this era also touches on the Great Depression, the New Deal, and other pertinent legislation. In the second section, the project explores ...


Differentiated Instruction In The New York State Geometry Curriculum, Vicki S. Newman Dec 2009

Differentiated Instruction In The New York State Geometry Curriculum, Vicki S. Newman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In today’s heterogeneous classrooms, studies show success on a social level but on an academic level, the needs of individual learners are not necessarily being met. Typical teaching models in mathematics, lecture and student practice, teach to “the middle,” to a given class average learner, without necessarily giving attention to the struggling special needs student or to the oft times bored, gifted student. Understanding by Design is a curriculum model that focuses on teaching for understanding. It incorporates performance standards as well as essential questions and understandings. It requires the instructor to determine goals, plan lessons, and choose textbook ...


Journal Writing: Taking Math Instruction To The Next Level, Anthony Gianvecchio Dec 2009

Journal Writing: Taking Math Instruction To The Next Level, Anthony Gianvecchio

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In the last two decades literacy has been the focus across all content areas, including mathematics, allowing students to demonstrate their thinking processes and understanding. The purpose of this qualitative study was to discover if journal writing in math improves middle school students' ability to gain a greater understanding of the processes involved in mathematical reasoning. Students in an eighth grade math class in a suburban middle school in Western New York completed journal entries at the start of a new unit to discern knowledge of the topic. The conclusions imply that journal writing aids in student mathematical learning. Math ...


Literature Circles And Their Effects On Student Motivation And Reading Comprehension, Katie Covert Dec 2009

Literature Circles And Their Effects On Student Motivation And Reading Comprehension, Katie Covert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literature circles promote social interaction and cooperative learning, help target various learning styles, and promote student inquiry. Reading groups encourage reluctant readers and allow the opportunity for students to read, write, think, and talk about what they are reading. This thesis project examines the effectiveness of using literature circles as an intervention to improve interest and understanding. It evaluates the importance of student motivation and comprehension on reading competencies. The research study was conducted on two six student groups in a fourth grade classroom – a test group and a control group. Students took a pre and post survey about their ...


Independent Student Literacy Activities: What Takes Place During Guided Reading, Natalie Joanne Humphrey Dec 2009

Independent Student Literacy Activities: What Takes Place During Guided Reading, Natalie Joanne Humphrey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigates the independent activities teachers assign their students during Guided Reading instruction, as well as their rationale for choosing these activities and determining their efficacy. The research focused on elementary school students from a culturally homogenous rural, Western New York school district. The researcher used a variety of data-collection methods, including a brief survey, semi-structured interviews, and classroom observation. Fifteen teachers participated in this study, with all observations occurring within teachers’ classrooms. The researcher discovered several themes in students’ independent work, including working with a partner/small group, focusing on subjects other than literacy to address lack of ...


Implication Of Class Size Reduction For Upper Grades, Betsy A. Spanagel Dec 2009

Implication Of Class Size Reduction For Upper Grades, Betsy A. Spanagel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Government officials, policymakers, school districts and teachers have questioned the impact of class size on students’ achievement, engagement, and behavior. This thesis project examines the challenges and benefits to class size initiatives and proposes an extension from elementary grades through high school as a means to raise student achievement and involvement. It discusses prior research efforts such as Project STAR, which was conducted in Tennessee, and its significance in establishing benchmarks for studying smaller class size with regard to ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status. Further historical research considers: class size reduction initiatives as they link to student achievement, comparison of ...


What Students And Adults Are Allowed To Know About Christopher Columbus, Kimberly Ann Crawford Dec 2009

What Students And Adults Are Allowed To Know About Christopher Columbus, Kimberly Ann Crawford

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Often students and adults are told of the great accomplishments of Christopher Columbus. Columbus was an important explorer who discovered the New World. This account of history ignores many facts of Columbus. Many people do not know of the enslaving and murder of countless natives, and other atrocities that Columbus committed. The objective of this study was to see what information is provided to students, and what is omitted, and what message this sends to students.

This master thesis begins with a detailed historical account of the events preceding Columbus’ first voyage, up to and concluding with his death and ...


Science Vocabulary Achievement For English Language Learners, Krista Miglorie Dec 2009

Science Vocabulary Achievement For English Language Learners, Krista Miglorie

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A growing trend in American education suggests a rising population of students who do not speak English as their native language. Vocabulary development for these students is a necessary building block for future academic achievement. Since literacy depends on language acquisition, this research was undertaken with a focus on students within the English Learner Language population. School districts, pressured by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, are exploring ways to lessen the achievement gap. The purpose of this specific study, then, was to research potential instructional strategies for pre-kindergarten students who are English Language Learners (ELLS). The central ...


The Impact That Daily Exercise Has On A Student With Behavioral Issues In The Classroom, Kelly Radley Nov 2009

The Impact That Daily Exercise Has On A Student With Behavioral Issues In The Classroom, Kelly Radley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

From the “daydreamer” to the most severe forms it is estimated that three to five percent of children in a given classroom will be diagnosed with some type of attention deficit disorder. Developing effective interventions for children with potential disruptive behaviors is an important goal for educators. This research project explored what impact a daily exercise program would have on students with behavioral issues, due to an attention deficit disorder, with regard to improved academic performance. In researching this ever growing issue in education and society, the literature examined the effect of ADHD on brain function, characteristics prevalent in these ...


The Effectiveness Of Assistive Technology In The Inclusive, Secondary Mathematics Classroom, Krystal Barber Nov 2009

The Effectiveness Of Assistive Technology In The Inclusive, Secondary Mathematics Classroom, Krystal Barber

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Assistive technology has been an essential part of society. People use assistive technologies at many different times within the normal course of a day without their knowledge. Educators can use assistive technologies to aid their students with disabilities and without disabilities. Assistive technology devices can be used to bridge the physical, sensory, or cognitive impairments within the mathematical classroom. This study shows the connections between the use of assistive technology in an inclusion mathematics classroom and their academic achievement, self perceived satisfaction, and teacher's perception of the effectiveness. Assistive technologies proved to be noteworthy when used in the inclusive ...


The Roles Of Middle And High School Reading Specialists, Kathleen M. Stolfi Aug 2009

The Roles Of Middle And High School Reading Specialists, Kathleen M. Stolfi

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The main goal of The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 is to hold school districts accountable to close the achievement gap. One way in which the NCLB is ensuring accountability is by requiring school districts to seek better qualified and prepared classroom teachers and well-prepared reading specialists who can serve as coaches or mentors for teachers in the schools. Elementary level reading specialists and their role in the school community has been widely researched however the secondary level lacks clarity in impact on academic success and in articulation of their purpose and partnership with teaching and administrative ...


Classroom Management As An Effective Means 6fpromoting Literacy Development, Deborah Lofthouse-Crowe Aug 2009

Classroom Management As An Effective Means 6fpromoting Literacy Development, Deborah Lofthouse-Crowe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Educational research in academic success states that effective classroom management is the most important facet of effective student learning. Teacher’s attitudes can both improve and detract from their own and students’ attitudes regarding learning and scholastic experience. Research reveals that teachers who use instructional time ineffectively or unproductively, or do not involve students in meaningful and engaging activities, can risk losing students' attention and negatively impact their motivation to learn. Additionally, it is noted that many inexperienced teachers enter the classroom unprepared for the well-considered balance that is necessary for academic success; the precarious balance between instruction and classroom ...


The Effects Of Readers' Theater On The Fluency And Comprehension Of Students Reading Below Grade Level, Melinda E. Faatz Aug 2009

The Effects Of Readers' Theater On The Fluency And Comprehension Of Students Reading Below Grade Level, Melinda E. Faatz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis explored the impact that readers' theater has on the reading fluency and comprehension of students who are reading below grade level. The study was conducted in 12:1:1 self-contained special education classroom in a rural elementary school in Western New York over the course of five weeks and included four students in 3rd to 6th grades, all reading at different levels.

Data was collected through a variety of measures throughout the course of the five-week study including daily observation and note taking of students reading out loud and practicing and/or performing readers' theater scripts. Data was ...


An Exploration Of The Leisure Reading Habits And Attitudes Of Eighth-Grade Students, Karissa Alice Covert Aug 2009

An Exploration Of The Leisure Reading Habits And Attitudes Of Eighth-Grade Students, Karissa Alice Covert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of my study was to explore common factors that may have contributed to young adolescents developing or not developing a love for reading. In order to do this, I developed three research questions.

1) How many eighth grade students in my study identify themselves as readers or non-readers?

2) For those who identify themselves as readers or non-readers, what are some common factors reported including friends, family, reading habits, and leisure activities?

3) Are there any differences between the social environment of readers and non-readers?

Through a primarily qualitative study (which also includes some quantitative measures) I questioned ...


Background Classical Music In A First Grade Writer's Workshop, Ann Marie Koukides Aug 2009

Background Classical Music In A First Grade Writer's Workshop, Ann Marie Koukides

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Diverse disciplines claim music as inspiration and muse for great discovery and creativity. From Albert Einstein to Charles Schultz, they praise music for its ability to stir imaginative thought. The impetus for this research project was the desire for a better balanced literacy program. The study sought a greater understanding of the relationship between classical music played in the background of learning settings and successful writing and learning-focused behavior. The purpose then was to examine the impact of music on three components of a first grade writing workshop learning environment – engagement, motivation, and behavior. For the purposes of this study ...


Students’ Response In Terms Of Motivation And Engagement With The Use Of Informational And Nonfiction Texts, Melissa Sue Hundley Aug 2009

Students’ Response In Terms Of Motivation And Engagement With The Use Of Informational And Nonfiction Texts, Melissa Sue Hundley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Student motivation and engagement for reading is a vital part of reading instruction, reading progress, and reading success. This thesis project examines the use of informational and nonfiction texts and trade books in Academic Intervention Services (AIS) instruction. It specifically focuses on two questions - How do third-grade students enrolled in AIS services for literacy respond to the use of informational and nonfiction texts and trade books in AIS instruction and how do they self-report on their motivation and engagement for reading and reading instruction when informational or nonfiction texts and trade books are used in AIS instruction? The literature review ...


How Nuclearization Changed Americans, Jason A. Genthner Aug 2009

How Nuclearization Changed Americans, Jason A. Genthner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis contains the historiography of nuclear age, from the first atomic bombs through the use of nuclear energy today. It then explores the effect of popular culture on the nuclear age, through the use of films, media, and publications. It then suggests two teaching strategies: video reflections and student reflections, and document based learning and includes worksheets and lesson plans. It ends with bibliographies to assist in further research.

Attached here as additional files are several Power Point presentations, and a student worksheet.


The Effectiveness Of A Comprehensive Anti-Bullying Program In Reducing Reported Bullying Behaviors, Lindsay Wold Lazenby Aug 2009

The Effectiveness Of A Comprehensive Anti-Bullying Program In Reducing Reported Bullying Behaviors, Lindsay Wold Lazenby

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Adolescence is characterized as a time of great personal upheaval wherein children experience significant physical, emotional, and social changes. As they begin to seek peer approval or try to resist peer rejection, many adolescents will do almost anything to fit in with a group, even if that means remaining silent as their peers are bullied. This research project discusses the ongoing battle to reclaim the academic landscape of American schools from various types of bullying behaviors by the use of school-wide, comprehensive anti-bullying initiatives. It highlights the impact a national anti-bullying program can have on the school environment and student ...


The Impact Of Student Choice On Motivation For Struggling Readers To Complete Reading Activities, Rachael Parlett Aug 2009

The Impact Of Student Choice On Motivation For Struggling Readers To Complete Reading Activities, Rachael Parlett

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

How do teachers motivate their students to learn? Prompt, induce, or inspire – whatever word is used, educators recognize the importance of understanding students as individuals with idiosyncratic learning styles and the challenge of implementing the best practice for each. Former research in this subject defines the two types of motivation as intrinsic and extrinsic. This research project investigates and reports on the query, does giving student choices in reading activities impact their desire to learn? The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore different forms of motivation, driven by student choice as a catalyst, for learning in the classroom ...


Literacy And The Substitute Teacher, Lindsay Christine Helen Gaylor Aug 2009

Literacy And The Substitute Teacher, Lindsay Christine Helen Gaylor

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Substitute teachers maintain a significant role in the education of children in the United States. Every day substitute teachers face a variety of challenges in responding to instructional techniques and strategies for a given classroom or instructional period. The responsibility to provide the best possible education, even in the brief time they are present, can be difficult due to poorly prepared lesson plans and unfamiliarity with classroom routines. This remains an ongoing obstacle to quality instruction. In order to provide quality education to children and to help ensure that they meet educational standards, school personnel and administrators cannot dismiss the ...


Environmental Print In Kindergarten: How Reading One's Surroundings Influences Early Literacy Development, Lisa Burgin Aug 2009

Environmental Print In Kindergarten: How Reading One's Surroundings Influences Early Literacy Development, Lisa Burgin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Whether found on billboards, containers, road signs or labels, environmental print is all around us. It is the text of one’s everyday world. This project probes the question of how environmental print impacts kindergarteners' literacy development - oral language, reading and writing abilities. It discusses the school-home connection (based on environmental print) and its impact on students' literacy development. It explores the perceived self-awareness of kindergartners as both readers and writers. The purpose of the research was the examination of how students' spontaneously use environmental print as well as how they respond to activities initiated in the classroom.

The project ...


Interactive Whiteboards: Implications For K-2 Literacy Instruction, Jessica L. Flood Aug 2009

Interactive Whiteboards: Implications For K-2 Literacy Instruction, Jessica L. Flood

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of my study was to describe the implications whiteboards have on literacy instruction in K-2 literacy environments through examining the following questions.

  • How do interactive whiteboards support the literacy development of K-2 students?
  • What strategies do teachers use with interactive whiteboards during literacy lessons?
  • What are the perceptions of teachers' and students' regarding interactive whiteboards during literacy lessons in K-2 classrooms?


Home Literacy Environment: The Perceptions Of Second Graders And Their Parents, Kathryn Antoinette Eckert Aug 2009

Home Literacy Environment: The Perceptions Of Second Graders And Their Parents, Kathryn Antoinette Eckert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Understanding the literacy environment, and the funds of knowledge present there, are important aspects for teachers to consider when creating a balanced, student oriented literacy curriculum. The home literacy environment, coupled with other factors such as socioeconomic status, parent educational level, and cultural background all play significant roles in how a child will perform academically. This research project forms an investigation of the perceived components of the home literacy environment for a group of suburban second graders and their parents. It examines the ability of parents to support the child and maximize the potential literacy skillset of the student learner ...


Strategies For Teaching Literacy, Susan Michelle Wolbert Jul 2009

Strategies For Teaching Literacy, Susan Michelle Wolbert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

How do students learn to read and spell? How do they best construct meaning from literacy lessons? This study discusses a balanced approach to literacy education examining the use of phonetic and whole-language approaches to instruction. The author examines the benefits of teaching reading and spelling using each approach separately, and then in a balance of methodologies for student success. Differentiation and constructivism, defined as the way a teacher flexibly implements instruction based on student need and progress, along with student learning through experience to make meaning from information presented, as partners in the suggested balanced literacy approach. Word study ...


Developing Strategies For Regaining Focus Based On Student Needs, Barbara Anna Gardner Messmer Jun 2009

Developing Strategies For Regaining Focus Based On Student Needs, Barbara Anna Gardner Messmer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis explores the connection between visual cues and a students' ability to maintain focus in the classroom. Specifically, it focuses on whether a teacher moving around a classroom can offer visual cues for students exhibiting off-task behavior. Two seventh grade boys, an eighth grade girl, and their parents agreed to participate in the study. The students and their parents answered a pre-investigation questionnaire and a post­ investigation questionnaire in order to determine whether any changes occurred due to the intervention provided. Intervention took place in the classroom where the researcher provided a visual cue when the student appeared off-task ...


The Erie Canal: A Founding Of A Village, Early Industry, And A Century Of Change, Robert Richard Beeley Jr. May 2009

The Erie Canal: A Founding Of A Village, Early Industry, And A Century Of Change, Robert Richard Beeley Jr.

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis consists of three parts:

A Review of Scholarship on the Erie Canal and the Underground Railroad

River Phoenix: The Rebirth and the Future of the Erie Canal

Hometown History: Teaching With Historic Markers

The author did not provide an abstract within this thesis, so this summary is provided by the repository staff.