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Full-Text Articles in Education

All-N-One Learning Boxes, Sherry Susanne Coleman Starowitz Dec 2008

All-N-One Learning Boxes, Sherry Susanne Coleman Starowitz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Acknowledging the reality that education starts in the home, this study focuses on understanding effective methods as a means to increase parental involvement for those who have limited resources and knowledge of child development. The project examines the Early Intervention population, birth through age two specifically, as identified in the Individuals with Disabilities Act: Part C. Since Early Intervention classrooms have the added challenge of a short window of time for instruction with the majority of the student’s time spent in the home with family, who may or may not be prepared, or able to assist in academic, learning ...


Retention And Attrition In Higher Education: Demographic Characteristics And Therole Of The Secondary School, Michael J. Celento Dec 2008

Retention And Attrition In Higher Education: Demographic Characteristics And Therole Of The Secondary School, Michael J. Celento

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The withdrawal rate in higher education, student attrition, is an increasing area of concern and challenge for institutions at the collegiate level. There are more students who leave before their degree is finished than those who stay. Research highlights multiple factors that lead to attrition and different strategies to address the dilemma. While it is difficult to pinpoint a particular reason why attrition continues to be such a persistent problem, the factors that lead to it can be differentiated into six categories: demographic characteristics, institutional factors, student-level factors, factors beyond institutional or student control, student-institution compatibility, and extraneous factors. This ...


The Immigration Movement From 1880 To Present Day, Elizabeth Barton Grizzanti Dec 2008

The Immigration Movement From 1880 To Present Day, Elizabeth Barton Grizzanti

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Immigration is an important topic for today’s upper level high school student as it has bearing on Regents level exams and on today’s societal challenges as we address illegal immigration, its problems and solutions. The central question of this project is simply stated – what are the implications of web-based instruction in a high school history curriculum? In an effort to better equip students and educational peers, this three-part thesis project provides a comprehensive set of lessons on immigration in the United States and a section intended for website use. The first section examines US immigration from 1880-1925 and ...


Native Americans Past And Present, Tiffany Ann Diduro Aug 2008

Native Americans Past And Present, Tiffany Ann Diduro

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

For many years, the minority group of Native Americans and their changing role in our society throughout national history has been overlooked in Social Studies classrooms. This thesis project examines Native American history in the United States-its revisionist aspects as well as exemption from many instructional sources. Through an historical lens, the literature research examines the current information available to teachers and students with regard to Native Americans as they are positioned throughout the United States national timeline. Taking into consideration the roles of Native Americans in the Revolutionary War and early American period through present day, the discussion encompasses ...


The Vietnam War Era's Impact On American Society, Anthony Scott Aug 2008

The Vietnam War Era's Impact On American Society, Anthony Scott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis looks at the Vietnam War and the impact it had on American society. The paper first takes a brief look at what other historians have written about Vietnam and the scholarship that currently exists on the topic. My original scholarship focuses on the TET offensive and the impact the media had on the Presidency of Lyndon Johnson. Even though the United States was victorious during the TET offensive, it proved to the American public that the Viet Cong would not concede defeat and at that critical point public opinion changed and support for the War waned dramatically. Finally ...


Effective Approaches For Teaching Revision, Jerome James O'Neill Aug 2008

Effective Approaches For Teaching Revision, Jerome James O'Neill

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Beyond the grammatical slip, punctuation error, or misspelled word, revision is a fundamental skill that resides at the very heart of the writing and thinking process. This thesis project highlights concerns over students’ and teachers’ similar disdain for the revision process in composition. It suggests the overarching importance of this benchmark skill in all disciplines as a means to deepen consideration of issues and ideas. The concept of revision as more than correction--as a re-seeing and re-thinking--can enable students to be better prepared for further academic pursuits and extends from the classroom to life and vocation. The comprehensive literature review ...


The Impact Of Using Direct Instruction To Teach Social Skills In A Middle School Self-Contained Special Education Classroom, Julie Matukewicz Aug 2008

The Impact Of Using Direct Instruction To Teach Social Skills In A Middle School Self-Contained Special Education Classroom, Julie Matukewicz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Social skills are a central part of educational development. Students develop social skills through peer interaction, modeling, role-playing, sports, and games. Social skills are not always directly taught to students although many teachers would agree that students often lack appropriate social skills. Finding ways to increase students' appropriate social skills is a challenge for special education and general education teachers alike. Significant research has been done in the special education population because a common characteristic of students with disabilities is a deficit in social development. This research project, through literature review and active application, explores educational methods to provide special ...


An Analysis Of An Urban Elementary School’S Morning Exercise Program On Overweight/Obese Children’S Academic Ability, Rebecca Lu Beyerlein Aug 2008

An Analysis Of An Urban Elementary School’S Morning Exercise Program On Overweight/Obese Children’S Academic Ability, Rebecca Lu Beyerlein

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In recent years, surveys conducted by the Department of Health and Human Services' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention note an alarming trend in both American adults and children. The number of overweight and obese people in the United States has increased drastically. Since children spend a majority of their time in school, it can be argued that educational efforts to improve understanding of this issue and promote healthier choices should be implemented. This thesis project studied the effects of a morning exercise program for overweight and obese children and its impact on their academic ability and motivation. The literature ...


The Effectiveness Of Phonemic Awareness Instruction On Struggling Readers, Jamie Elizabeth Powers Aug 2008

The Effectiveness Of Phonemic Awareness Instruction On Struggling Readers, Jamie Elizabeth Powers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Phonemic awareness, defined as understanding phonemes, a linguistic set of units considered the basics of speech sound by which words are represented, is an important skill set to acquire in the elementary grades. The relationship between phonemic awareness, or the more commonly, phonological awareness, and reading ability has been studied for many years. Children with strong phonological awareness can detect, match, blend, segment and manipulate speech sounds, which aids in their predictive ability and leads to successful reading. This research project explores the effect of small group instruction on struggling readers at the second grade level, with specific focus on ...


Elementary Foreign Language Instruction: Teacher And Student Perspectives, Sara M. Dierks Aug 2008

Elementary Foreign Language Instruction: Teacher And Student Perspectives, Sara M. Dierks

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The United States acknowledges that its monolingual population is problematic but fails to take action to support foreign language education in its schools through policy and funding. Given the culturally diverse communities that populate our nation as well as the globalization of our economy, an increased need for foreign language instruction is apparent. A majority of school districts have historically focused foreign language instruction in the middle to high school years. This research project examines student and instructor perceptions and attitudes towards learning Spanish in the elementary grade levels. It formulates questions and offers observations on the importance and benefit ...


How Can Teachers Support Students Who Suffer From Test Anxiety?, Ashley Roth Aug 2008

How Can Teachers Support Students Who Suffer From Test Anxiety?, Ashley Roth

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the advent of the No Child Left Behind Act, annual standardized testing has become a reality for today’s elementary students and growing numbers of students report test anxiety as a concern. This thesis project examines sample strategies that classroom teachers can use to support students who experience test anxiety. The study gathered data from a select group of fifth grade teachers from a small rural school in Western New York through surveys, discussions, and one-on-one interviews. The literature section explores the history of test anxiety and its effects on test performance. Study skills, emotional capacity, possible interventions, such ...


Teaching Sight Words Through Games: Impact On Retention And Fluency Levels, Amanda Susan Tibbatts Aug 2008

Teaching Sight Words Through Games: Impact On Retention And Fluency Levels, Amanda Susan Tibbatts

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Sight words or sight vocabulary are defined as easily recognized words may be understood outside of a block of text. Many reading programs in the United States focus on the “drill and kill” method of instruction, often using flash cards to practice identification and spelling in order to increase reading fluency. This study examines the effect of teaching sight words within a gaming environment, as well as its impact on memorization and retention of sight vocabulary. For eight weeks the researcher conducted this research in a 1st grade classroom in an upstate New York urban school district. Subjects consisted ...


The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On Fifth-Grade Students’ Motivation And Learning In Math, Janelle Austin Aug 2008

The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On Fifth-Grade Students’ Motivation And Learning In Math, Janelle Austin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

An essential component of mathematics in everyday life is the ability to problem solve. Students need to be able to master problem-solving skills and one way to achieve this goal is through peer-assisted learning or peer tutoring. Historically, studies have concluded that peer tutoring increased academic achievement and motivation in tutors and students being tutored. Research suggests that peer tutoring has shown significant gains in the use of mathematical language and self-confidence. Motivation was an additional benefit of using a peer assisted model for learning to promote student progress in the mathematics classroom. The focus of this thesis project is ...


How Effective Is Guided Reading At Accelerating Reading Abilities Of Sixth Grade Struggling Readers?, Kathryn E. Franks Aug 2008

How Effective Is Guided Reading At Accelerating Reading Abilities Of Sixth Grade Struggling Readers?, Kathryn E. Franks

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Acknowledging that reading deficits can cause challenges with all core subjects, this thesis project stresses the importance of additional helps for the struggling reader. Guided reading is an instructional strategy utilized by teachers to increase the reading competencies of students performing below grade level. The research focuses specifically on how effective guided reading groups are for accelerating and improving the reading abilities of sixth grade students. Literature review, as it bears on this study, distills three main topics of import: literacy programs, reading interventions, and specific strategy instruction.

The research study was conducted in a small, rural school district throughout ...


Homogeneous Versus Heterogeneous Grouping And Differentiation, Kristin Duschen Aug 2008

Homogeneous Versus Heterogeneous Grouping And Differentiation, Kristin Duschen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The common thread that binds the many given educational policies and pedagogy employed across the country and around the globe, is the role of the classroom teacher. As more school communities move towards inclusive classroom settings, grouping students within these settings will take a larger role and potentially cause greater side effects. This research project examines the question of grouping students based on academic ability and which method, homogeneous, grouping similar academic levels together or heterogeneous, grouping different academic levels together, is more effective. The study specifically investigates tracking, its current practice, development, and consequences to assess the implications, positive ...


A Technologically Enriched Geometry Curriculum, Nicholas W. Drollette Aug 2008

A Technologically Enriched Geometry Curriculum, Nicholas W. Drollette

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Mathematics education cannot be viewed as a static science. As times change and students' experiences are altered by their constantly evolving environments, educators of all disciplines must make adjustments that reflect these changes. Careful development of technologically enriched and visually stimulating lessons is essential to the success of mathematics education. In order to gain greater understanding of the power of partnering technology and geometry curriculum, this research project asks two main questions: how the use of technology affects student motivation and engagement in a geometry class and how a technologically enriched geometry curriculum can be created and implemented. The researcher ...


Identifying False Intuitions In Probability And Laying A Foundation For Teaching It, Gregory G. Schwind Aug 2008

Identifying False Intuitions In Probability And Laying A Foundation For Teaching It, Gregory G. Schwind

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Intuition is something we rely on in our daily lives as pure, untaught truths that guide and direct us. Simple statements like “the shortest distance between two points is a straight line” are common and self-explanatory. While this simple statement can be proved mathematically, it is instinctive to easily understand this notion and accept its entrance into one's cognitive intuition. However, there are other parts of mathematics that are not intuitive and require thought and proofs to explain their existence. The question then is: how does the mind distinguish between what is intuitive and what is in need of ...


Using Literature In The Social Studies Classroom And Cross Curricular Teaching At The High School Level, Katrina Smith Aug 2008

Using Literature In The Social Studies Classroom And Cross Curricular Teaching At The High School Level, Katrina Smith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Educators in the current era acknowledge that high school level students are more sophisticated in their approaches to learning, and as such, this “multi-tasking” generation both requires different methods and desires practical application of the lessons taught. This thesis project asserts that as the American educational system ages it is important that new concepts be examined for potential inclusion of cross-curricular teaching. The research explores the benefits of collaboration between high school curriculums – history and language arts specifically. In the examination of current attitudes and feelings surrounding the practice of cross-curricular collaboration, this project suggests that trends affirm the advantages ...


The Use Of A Visual Instructional Plan To Promote Student Motivation And Achievement Within The Classroom, Todd K. Fleming Aug 2008

The Use Of A Visual Instructional Plan To Promote Student Motivation And Achievement Within The Classroom, Todd K. Fleming

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In response to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, teachers were challenged to develop and execute lessons that incorporated both mathematical concepts and accessible skills for real world application. This legislation, motivated by a desire to increase standards and accountabilities, was the impetus for the adoption of curriculum that requires the memorization of formulas and concepts as well as the ability to reach mathematical conclusions through reasoning and investigation. Many school districts have begun to take a look at the way math instruction is taught in the classroom. Historical perspectives reveal direct teaching methods as the foundation of ...


United States Foreign Policy From The Marshall Plan Through Iraqi Reconstruction*, Justin Marino Aug 2008

United States Foreign Policy From The Marshall Plan Through Iraqi Reconstruction*, Justin Marino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Marshall Plan, expressed to the world by Secretary of State George C. Marshall in a speech at Harvard University in 1947, was proposed to resolve the economic need left behind by the devastation of Europe during the conflict of World War II. Cities and towns, industry and agriculture, transportation and commerce lay in ruins. The only major power not damaged in the conflict was the United States. Although US financial and military aid was already present in European countries, Marshall believed the solution to political stability in Western Europe was to be found primarily in their economic recovery. In ...


Educating Parents Effectively To Prepare Them For Their Role In The Special Education Process, Dawn Harnischfeger Aug 2008

Educating Parents Effectively To Prepare Them For Their Role In The Special Education Process, Dawn Harnischfeger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students with a labelled learning disability comprise approximately 5% of the population in American public schools. This research project seeks to identify appropriate ways to both prepare and inform parent/caregivers to enable them to advocate for their children through the Committee on Preschool Special Education/Committee on Special Education (CPSE/CSE) processes. It determines that the children are best served through a collaboration between the educators’ experience and the parents’ intimate knowledge of both student and home environment. Additional questions considered in this research project are: parent/guardian emotional response to their child’s suspected learning disability, identification of ...


Building Fluency Of Sight Words, Nadia Marzouk Aug 2008

Building Fluency Of Sight Words, Nadia Marzouk

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Words surround us. Many words, classified as high frequency words, make up a large percentage of the text we encounter on a daily basis. Educators understand the importance of recognition, memorization, and comprehension of these high frequency words as it contributes to improved reading ability in beginning readers. Teaching high frequency words supports student knowledge of language structure, speech patterns, and the language of the books we read. This thesis project asks the question - can kindergarten students master, identify, and read high frequency words in a text? The study explored the effectiveness of teaching kindergarten students sight word vocabulary in ...


What Strategies And Activities Help Sixth-Grade Students Acquire Vocabulary?, Janette Canales Aug 2008

What Strategies And Activities Help Sixth-Grade Students Acquire Vocabulary?, Janette Canales

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Vocabulary - a list, a collection, the words of a language which lead to reading and word comprehension. These components are intrinsically, irrevocably linked as the building blocks of communication in any language and are the keys to understanding and learning. Students who lack fluency in language and strategies to acquire the necessary vocabulary struggle in all content areas. This thesis project examines the relationship between contextual reading strategies, multiple intelligence theories, and the partnership of these to improve word acquisition and reading comprehension in a sixth grade classroom. The literature review section highlights the role of the teacher, student assessment ...


Making Percents Make Sense, Melissa Leigh Abbott Aug 2008

Making Percents Make Sense, Melissa Leigh Abbott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Since our culture relies upon technology, calculators, cash registers, and other devices, to complete math calculations, the conceptual idea of figuring out percentages has been devalued. In a sense, technology has allowed our culture to disengage common mathematical knowledge without any major concerns. The usefulness of mathematics skills is often questioned by students who believe they only need basic math procedures such as simple addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division in their daily lives. Educators bear the added challenge of not only teaching these concepts and their significance in daily application but in assisting students to understand the importance of doing ...


Reading Comprehension Achievement And Peer Vs. Teacher-Directed Tutoring, Patrick James Pastore Aug 2008

Reading Comprehension Achievement And Peer Vs. Teacher-Directed Tutoring, Patrick James Pastore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Literacy is an important life skill which must be mastered in order to actively participate in today’s society. The ability to read is arguably the most important aspect of literacy skills and as such it transcends subject areas. In consequence of this, literacy has become a major focal point of today's educational system. In classrooms throughout America, tutoring is implemented as a form of supplemental instruction. This is done under the assumption that tutoring truly is an effective means of increasing student achievement in the core curricular areas. As current research suggests that tutoring is an effective means ...


Using A Teacher Website To Communicate More Effectively With Kindergarten Parents, Laura Anne Williams Swanson Aug 2008

Using A Teacher Website To Communicate More Effectively With Kindergarten Parents, Laura Anne Williams Swanson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Research in academic success and communication demonstrates a direct link between student achievement and parental involvement. Keeping parents informed of routines, fieldtrips, assignments, and the like, in addition to performance expectations, can present a challenge to educators and schools. Typically school districts use generic strategies in the form of phone calls, paper newsletters, calendars, and oral presentations to keep parents informed. Unfortunately these strategies are not always practical as this type of documentation and presentation has a limited lifespan. This research study explores parent perspective on necessary classroom and school information and communication in order to assess the efficacy and ...


Music's Effect On Performance During Writers' Workshop, Caitlin E. Philpott Aug 2008

Music's Effect On Performance During Writers' Workshop, Caitlin E. Philpott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research attempted to.answer the question, how does music affect the time on task and the number of words/sentences written during writers' workshop. The researcher collected data from a first grade class in an urban school. The researcher used classical music from various artists during writers' workshop. Organized charts and surveys were used to collect the data. The data was analyzed to determine if their was an increase in students' progress.


Varying Perspectives On Vietnam: Using Primary Sources To Show Individual Experiences Of The Vietnam War, Sheena L. Hamiter Aug 2008

Varying Perspectives On Vietnam: Using Primary Sources To Show Individual Experiences Of The Vietnam War, Sheena L. Hamiter

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project examines the realities of teaching history lessons on the Vietnam War from a uniquely “personal” perspective. It challenges educators to craft lessons with “eye witness” testimony which includes the use of multiple sources – Vietnam Era news reports, films, music, first person narratives in collected correspondence, and primary historical texts. Allowing students to “experience” war from the documented personal perspectives of those who lived through this era assists students in relating to and appreciating different viewpoints that surround historical moments of conflict. Multiple data and sources are examined in understanding key questions – Why was the United States involved in ...


Deepening Teacher Understanding Of Fundamental Concepts In Mathematics, Meghan Carr Aug 2008

Deepening Teacher Understanding Of Fundamental Concepts In Mathematics, Meghan Carr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A growing concern among educators is not just what instructional method to utilize but the actual depth of fundamental mathematical knowledge in today’s educational work force. This project does not ask if discovery is needed or if this is a concern, but declares that the problem of a conceptual understanding deficit exists. The research project, through the development of a professional workshop, addresses both the recognition and improvement of the mathematical content knowledge of teachers. It observes professional development opportunities that focus on fundamental mathematical concepts, deepened understanding, and improved instructional methods. Throughout the project “deep understanding of fundamental ...


A Comprehensive Study Of Mathematics Anxiety, Connie E. Shannon Aug 2008

A Comprehensive Study Of Mathematics Anxiety, Connie E. Shannon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project addresses math anxiety from both the student’s and the educator’s perspective. It explores topics on math anxiety that include racial and gender differences, evaluating pre-service teachers, and the potential causes and solutions for this all too common challenge. The study was conducted via questionnaire with ten teachers ranging from elementary grade through high school. The teachers responded to a 12 question survey that covered their own potential math anxiety, the anxiety, if any, observed in their classrooms, and questions that asked about teaching strategies they have employed to correct or avoid math anxiety in their ...