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Full-Text Articles in Education

Scaffolding The Writing Process, Hulda Yau Dec 2007

Scaffolding The Writing Process, Hulda Yau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Writing is a multiple step process that requires the integration of pre-writing, drafting, revising, and editing that later culminates in a written piece. Writing, for the Limited English Proficient student, can be a demanding task. They must balance their native language skills with English literacy and competencies in knowledge and content areas. The task is complicated by the fact that each content area has its own set of terminology/vocabulary, writing conventions, and critical thinking skills. Additionally, many refugee students fall under this category and have significant gaps in their educational backgrounds, lack knowledge in specific subject areas, and often ...


Popular Culture In The American History Classroom: Using Television, Film, And Popular Music As Primary Source Documents, Mary Kay Maslanka Dec 2007

Popular Culture In The American History Classroom: Using Television, Film, And Popular Music As Primary Source Documents, Mary Kay Maslanka

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teaching American history in the high school classroom is more than reviewing events and memorizing dates and facts, more than a preparatory course for high school students to take high-stakes tests that evaluate what they have learned. It is more than a chance to hone lifelong critical thinking skills for the young citizens who attend. Today’s educators struggle to compromise these two expectations; one that stresses student preparation as well-informed, critical-thinking citizens, and the other that emphasizes success on standardized tests. In order to be successful in both areas of significance, the study of primary sources has become a ...


The Advantages Of Class Wide Peer Tutoring In An Urban Eighth Grade Inclusion Science Class, Connie L. Arieno Dec 2007

The Advantages Of Class Wide Peer Tutoring In An Urban Eighth Grade Inclusion Science Class, Connie L. Arieno

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Class Wide Peer Tutoring (CWP) is an instructional strategy which utilizes students who are academically strong in one area, in this case science. These students have favorable behavioral characteristics which allow them to successfully tutor their peers. One eighth grade inclusion science class of 23 students from an urban middle school were divided into five groups of four students and one group of three students. Each group was assigned a student peer tutor. This tutor would assist other students in the group with the designated science activity. Weekly observations of the effects of the CWPT; student, tutor and educator surveys ...


How Mnemonic Devices And Songs Help Third And Fourth Graders Learn And Retain Information, Sarah Beth Butler Dec 2007

How Mnemonic Devices And Songs Help Third And Fourth Graders Learn And Retain Information, Sarah Beth Butler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much of the information students are required to learn in school consists of isolated facts and discrete bits of specific information and involves a process that incorporates both comprehension and memorization. Students need to learn strategies that work within their style of learning, and then apply them, to create and reinforce the links to acquired information. The concept of mnemonic devices as an aid in learning and recalling information is the focus of this research project, not as a teaching strategy but as an enhancement for students to create long-term memory associations. Mnemonic devices include rhyming, key words, peg words ...


An Analysis Of Sprawl And Its Alternatives, Cedric Horne Dec 2007

An Analysis Of Sprawl And Its Alternatives, Cedric Horne

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The suburbs have been an integral part of American history since the mid nineteenth century, a period in which cities began growing in an exponential manner. Over the last one hundred and fifty years, urban and suburban areas and what defines them have undergone an incredible metamorphosis. These changes can be identified in the political, social, and economic arenas; some examples include immigration, federal housing policies, single family houses, industrialization, racial discrimination and segregation, and the development of rural lands away from the city center.

Since the end of World War II, much has been written about the topic of ...


Establishing Effective Consultant Teacher Model Relationships, Kevin Moore Dec 2007

Establishing Effective Consultant Teacher Model Relationships, Kevin Moore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored how co-planning, shared workspace, and grade equivalent content knowledge impacted a co-teaching team (one special education teacher and one regular education teacher in the same room) working in the consultant teacher model (a special education teacher working in a classroom containing both regular and special education students). Participants for the study consisted of seven regular education teachers and three consultant (special education) teachers from a suburban, middle class, elementary school consisting of approximately four hundred students K-5. Data for the research study was collected over a period of seven weeks through pre-study questionnaires, journal entries, field notes ...


Math Anxiety Interventions, Mary Jane Klips Dec 2007

Math Anxiety Interventions, Mary Jane Klips

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Understanding and mastering mathematics is necessary for students to graduate from high school, pursue higher education, and is also critical in securing and retaining employment in the field of their choice. Driven by personal experience, difficulty with material, past performance, teacher behaviors and expectations, and language barriers, among several other noted causes, math anxiety affects more and more students each year. This thesis project examines current research and interventions in order to lessen or remove math anxiety, support academic success, and rebuild student confidence in an effort to assist learners in achieving mastery in mathematics. The study group was comprised ...


Reducing Stress Through Morning Meetings, Denell Jodine Knaub Dec 2007

Reducing Stress Through Morning Meetings, Denell Jodine Knaub

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Stress in the lives of urban students, caused by multiple factors, specifically from violence and bullying, can affect their ability to do well both academically and socially. Student observation notes that the majority of students lack the coping mechanisms needed to deal with this stress in healthy and productive ways. This thesis project examines some of the causes of urban childhood stress and how educators can help their students reduce that stress and develop appropriate coping strategies for dealing with situations students may encounter daily at school. As part of this action research project, the use of daily morning meetings ...


Technology And Motivation : Can The Use Of Technology Increase Student Motivation In The Science Classroom?, Kelly M. Kinde Oct 2007

Technology And Motivation : Can The Use Of Technology Increase Student Motivation In The Science Classroom?, Kelly M. Kinde

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project examines education and technology as they intersect in order to increase educators understanding of the use of technology as it bears on motivational factors present in today’s student population. The study explores current research regarding motivation, science education, and the use of technology in the classroom. The researcher taught students to use technology as a tool for their science learning and then used assessment measures to understand whether the use of technology in science education had any effect on their participation and motivation levels in the classroom. As part of the study, technology was utilized to ...


Effectiveness Of Dynamic Indicators Of Basic Early Literacy Skills (Dibels), Jennifer Quackenbush Sep 2007

Effectiveness Of Dynamic Indicators Of Basic Early Literacy Skills (Dibels), Jennifer Quackenbush

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research shows the effectiveness of Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) at identifying students in need of reading intervention compared to two other reading assessments, the Observation survey (OS) and Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA). The percent of time DIBELS agreed or disagreed with OS or DRA was used to determine the effectiveness. DIBELS was found to agree with the OS and DRA for the majority of the data. This shows that the school does not need to waste time and money on an assessment that is not needed. There were a few participants in which DIBELS determined ...


How Is Comprehension Affected When Reading Aloud Versus Reading Silently?, Justine Marie Fancher Aug 2007

How Is Comprehension Affected When Reading Aloud Versus Reading Silently?, Justine Marie Fancher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research project was to examine how students comprehend reading best. There are advocates for both reading aloud and reading silently, therefore this project was purposeful to find out which seems to be the most effective for comprehension alone. The objective of this project was to determine if reading silently or reading aloud is more beneficial in terms of aiding comprehension. Comprehension is a vital component to reading. It is the underlying goal in all areas of reading development. This study helped to determine how comprehension is gained more effectively. My goal for my research was to ...


Minimizing Gender Division In Sixth Grade Classrooms, Stephanie R. Schaufelberger Aug 2007

Minimizing Gender Division In Sixth Grade Classrooms, Stephanie R. Schaufelberger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis looks at gender bias in a sixth grade social studies classroom in order to develop a new strategy to minimize the gender gap and create a classroom environment that makes learning a success for all students. The author used student survey, teacher questionnaires and direct observation to gather data, specifically looking at the participation level of forty-eight female students in a suburban middle school. In order to obtain the goal of greater female participation, the results demonstrated that there is a need for more female historical figures in the social studies curriculum. Further research should be conducted on ...


Comparing Teachers' And Students' Perceptions Of Bullying: Frequency, Location, And Intervention, Danielle M. Ruhlen Aug 2007

Comparing Teachers' And Students' Perceptions Of Bullying: Frequency, Location, And Intervention, Danielle M. Ruhlen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Bullying is recognized as a significant problem in children and adolescents, and schools are a place where bullying often occurs. For this reason, schools have used programs, such as the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program (OBPP), to increase awareness of bullying and means of intervening. The purpose of this qualitative study is to gain insight into the perspectives of teachers and students on perceived aspects of the bullying problem within the school building and environment in a school where a new bullying prevention program was being implemented. The study examines differing perspectives between teachers and students regarding the frequency of occurrence ...


How Fluency Is Impacted For Struggling Readers Through Decoding, Rereading, And Word Study, Andrea Michele King Aug 2007

How Fluency Is Impacted For Struggling Readers Through Decoding, Rereading, And Word Study, Andrea Michele King

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate what happens to the fluency of struggling readers when the decoding of new or unfamiliar words were taught during small group reading instruction.

Three females and two male first and second grade students provided usable data for this study. Research was.collected over a three-month period and was taken during small reading groups. The elements of fluency that were addressed in the study were expression, accuracy, rate, and smoothness. Components that were used to increase fluency were the Dolch sight words, rereading, and word study. The students were tested three different times ...


Incorporating Self-Directed Learning Practices Into An Elementary Classroom, Charles E. Conway Iii Aug 2007

Incorporating Self-Directed Learning Practices Into An Elementary Classroom, Charles E. Conway Iii

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The current focus of many school districts has been to teach students the skills and abilities that will be necessary to become successful individuals in a constantly changing, global environment. As many districts recognize the importance of incorporating more than content and knowledge in their curriculum, they are actively pursuing the intersection of creating life-long learners with current educational requirements and reforms. This means districts are attempting to create adults that are prepared with the ability to learn beyond the settings of the classroom. The goal of every educator, from teacher to superintendent to school board member, is the development ...


Enhancing Self-Image And Reducing Risky Behaviors, Ryanne Rene Fullerton Aug 2007

Enhancing Self-Image And Reducing Risky Behaviors, Ryanne Rene Fullerton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Adolescence, a precarious and challenging time for American youth, is also a time that affects them on a physical, social, cognitive, and emotional level. Expectations connected to and regarding self-image, relationships, and other social and emotional factors combine to effect choices that may lead to risky behaviors and lowered academic success, especially for female adolescents. This research project examines the link between a positive self-image, academic success, and avoidance of risky behavioral trends in pre-adolescent females. Study of the literature regarding self-image and the teen years concludes that the pressures and anxiety of these years can have a detrimental effect ...


Using Various Strategies To Increase Reading Comprehension, Sarah Gahagan Aug 2007

Using Various Strategies To Increase Reading Comprehension, Sarah Gahagan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Reading is more than knowing how to sound out the words. It also entails comprehension and meaning, making connections with prior knowledge and learning. This thesis project examines what types of quality instructional strategies can be implemented by a general education English Language Arts teacher in order to improve the reading comprehension of students who are reading below grade level. The literature review section discusses comprehending text, decoding skills, and building fluency with the intermediate student in mind. The six week active research for the project was conducted in a western New York suburban school district with five sixth grade ...


How Does The Use Of Word Walls In An Intermediate Classroom Affect The Spelling Of Students With Learning Disabilities?, Renee Dastyck Aug 2007

How Does The Use Of Word Walls In An Intermediate Classroom Affect The Spelling Of Students With Learning Disabilities?, Renee Dastyck

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored the use of word walls in an intermediate classroom with students who receive special education services.The students are classified as "learning disabled" or "other health impaired." The study was conducted on five students in a fifth grade classroom who received consultant teacher support for one hour a day, five days a week.

The students were asked to complete a pre and post survey questionnaire on their feelings toward spelling. They were given a quick-write journal in which they wrote for ten uninterrupted minutes. Also, students' completed short narrative writing pieces. The researcher kept a daily log ...


The Ebenezers, 1843-1859, Elizabeth A. Dilcher Aug 2007

The Ebenezers, 1843-1859, Elizabeth A. Dilcher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students of history are actively engaged in processes and meanings of memory, heritage and history. The differences between memory, heritage and history generate constructive conflict and inquiry about the past. Contextualization and corroboration of primary sources accesses the past. Contextualization and corroboration of inquiry primary sources, as with other primary sources, informs understandings about the past. Construction of a webpage using primary sources of memory, heritage, history, and contextualized and corroborated inquiry may provide one model for inquiry within memory, heritage, and history.


Decreasing Homework Excuses And Increasing Homework Hand-Ins, Stacy Leigh Belden Aug 2007

Decreasing Homework Excuses And Increasing Homework Hand-Ins, Stacy Leigh Belden

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As expectations have increased for student performance on state and federally mandated examinations, teachers have experienced increased pressure to teach students a substantial amount of material in a short amount of time. Teachers assign homework in an effort to teach the required material effectively and efficiently, but this effort is thwarted as students often return with unfinished work. This thesis project charts the discussion around homework since its inception and explores not only the reasons that teachers assign homework but the reasons students fail to complete it. The author conducted her research on her own class of sixth grade students ...


Incorporating Vocabulary Into Math To Support Student Comprehension, Kasey Gharet Aug 2007

Incorporating Vocabulary Into Math To Support Student Comprehension, Kasey Gharet

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to find out if incorporating vocabulary into math improved student comprehension of mathematical concepts. The researcher used several instructional strategies to incorporate vocabulary directly into the math curriculum in an urban school. Data was collected from a focus group as well as the whole class. Observation checklists and math manipulative bags were used to collect data from the focus group. A vocabulary pre and post-test, weekly math quizzes, and a math pre and post-test were used to collect data from the whole group. The results of this research support that the incorporation of math ...


How Students Explain Their Word-Solving Strategies When They Come To A Word They Don’T Know While Reading And How Does That Explanation Change When Students Are Explicitly Taught A Variety Of Reading Strategies, Mary J. Pyszczek Aug 2007

How Students Explain Their Word-Solving Strategies When They Come To A Word They Don’T Know While Reading And How Does That Explanation Change When Students Are Explicitly Taught A Variety Of Reading Strategies, Mary J. Pyszczek

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The researcher wanted to see what strategies fourth grade students say they use when they come to a word they don't know while they are reading. The researcher asked them what they do and then had them read out loud from a text. Notes were taken on the strategies they used to see if what they said matched what they actually did. Three mini-lessons were then given on word-solving strategies that they could use to figure out unknown words. Last, the students read out loud again and were asked what they do to problem-solve a word. The results were ...


Increasing Student Motivation And Achievement Using Interactive Technology, Heather Burch Young Aug 2007

Increasing Student Motivation And Achievement Using Interactive Technology, Heather Burch Young

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

I investigated ways that the use of technology will motivate and affect fifth and sixth grade students with special needs and influence their achievement in reading and writing. I created with the students, podcasts of 3 reader's theater performances in order to practice reading fluency. The students used sound recording software, to listen and "see" (through sound waves) how they read. Various on-line tools for students to practice word formations, vowel combinations as well as other reading and language elements were used as well. I also looked at ways my students can use technology to publish and share their ...


Examining How Teaching Strategies Alter The Misconceptions Of Middle School Science Students, Kirsten Meyers Aug 2007

Examining How Teaching Strategies Alter The Misconceptions Of Middle School Science Students, Kirsten Meyers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

People observe the world using their five senses; they gain understanding and draw conclusions. Sometimes these conclusions align with scientific findings but many times personal opinions are formed that are rooted in misunderstandings or misconceptions. Misconceptions in science are common in students and affect how they learn. These false understandings hinder the acquisition of new knowledge as they try to fit scientific facts into their framework of knowledge. This thesis project examines student misconceptions in science. It studies instructional lessons designed to identify student misconceptions and then alter them through student-centered instructional strategies. The study was conducted in an eighth ...


The Effectiveness Of Phonological Awareness Instruction In Improving Reading Scores, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Hamilton Aug 2007

The Effectiveness Of Phonological Awareness Instruction In Improving Reading Scores, Gwendolyn Elizabeth Hamilton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Growing expectations surround early elementary skills regarding reading for meaning and writing – namely phonemic awareness and its impact on developing readers and writers. One of the purposes of this thesis project was discovering and understanding the relationship between phonemic awareness and the development of reading skills in early elementary students. In addition, an investigation into the effect of direct instruction in phonological awareness on struggling readers and writers was undertaken. The literature review explores phonemic awareness methods and practices including – whole language, basal, phonics, reading for meaning, small group vs. whole class instruction, and intervention strategies for at-risk students.

A ...


Teacher Collaboration: The Key To Student Success?, Jennifer L. Roe Aug 2007

Teacher Collaboration: The Key To Student Success?, Jennifer L. Roe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Co-teaching is one of the main characteristics of educational collaboration and while co-teaching may be one of the most popular forms of collaboration within a school, it is just one of many ways to collaborate as teachers to improve student success in the classroom.

This thesis project discusses the various types of collaboration - professional development, reflection, communication, common vision, mentoring, co-teaching, common planning time, and resources. It also explores the impact of staff collaboration within a school to show how it can impact student success. Student success was measured through comparison of students who have been exposed (knowingly or unknowingly ...


Connections In History: Past To Present, Cheryl A. Raleigh Aug 2007

Connections In History: Past To Present, Cheryl A. Raleigh

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project examines scholarly work on the Black Plague and considers its import on history from an historian’s perspective. The second section explores the modern epidemic, AIDS, as a similar historical event and discusses the modern day response and effect of this “plague.” The third section of the project offers a global history lesson plan based on the central idea that current events guide our understanding of historical moments utilizing the theme magazine method. The year-long instructional package focuses on foundational lessons that teach historical analysis and understanding of primary and secondary sources, strategies for historical document analysis ...


How Do Student's Verbalizations Of The Spelling Strategies That They Use Compare To The Spelling Strategies That They Actually Use?, Katherine L. Merica Aug 2007

How Do Student's Verbalizations Of The Spelling Strategies That They Use Compare To The Spelling Strategies That They Actually Use?, Katherine L. Merica

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate students' verbalization of the spelling strategies that they use in comparison to the strategies that they are actually using when spelling an unknown word.

Four first grade students (two male and two female) and their female teacher were the participants in this study. The cognitive awareness of the strategies that they are using was measured using an informal interview given to the students before collection of the data through observation. After observing the students the classroom teacher was also interviewed in order to gain a more broad understanding of the strategies that ...


Origins Of The Cold War, Michael Kiesow Aug 2007

Origins Of The Cold War, Michael Kiesow

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The United States continues its role as a world superpower in the 21st century. Since much of our involvement in global affairs today stems back to the Cold War, it raises the importance of specific instruction in the origins of the Cold War for today’s students. With the influence our nation possesses, and the integral role of citizenry that students will soon acquire as voters, this project argues the relevance of their deep understanding of our historical past which permits the individual to use said insight to form their own opinions and beliefs. This project examines the concept of ...


What Happens When Struggling Readers And Writers Produce And Read Their Own Scripted Stories?, Sara Aileen Speer Aug 2007

What Happens When Struggling Readers And Writers Produce And Read Their Own Scripted Stories?, Sara Aileen Speer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research study is an attempt to determine what happens when struggling readers and writers produce and read their own scripted stories. The purpose of the study was to take a successful method of supporting struggling readers; reader's theater, and integrate student created scripts to see if reader's theater could be used to support struggling writers as well. This study was conducted with eight second grade students struggling with both reading and writing. Research took place over three sessions where the reader's theater process was implemented each time. The first session was done in original reader's ...