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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effectiveness Of Peer-Led Team Learning Workshops: An Action Research Approach, Stacy Marie Hooker Dec 2006

The Effectiveness Of Peer-Led Team Learning Workshops: An Action Research Approach, Stacy Marie Hooker

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In recent years, the United States has been struggling to keep abreast with international competition in terms of scientific development. This trend has led researchers to study why students abandon scientific majors in favor of pursuing nonscientific degrees and what can be done to attract students to and retain them in scientific fields of study. This thesis project focuses specifically on Peer-Led Team Learning Workshops (PLTLW) and their effectiveness in not only helping students learn course material but providing them with the motivation to finish with scientific degrees. It also explores the differences in participating in a PLTLW as a ...


Developing Technical Vocabulary And Scientific Writing Skills Of English Language Learners In General Education Science Classrooms, Shawn D. Kerr Dec 2006

Developing Technical Vocabulary And Scientific Writing Skills Of English Language Learners In General Education Science Classrooms, Shawn D. Kerr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Through weekly tutoring sessions with a 1: 1 teacher to ESL student ratio different instructional techniques and strategies were tested for their practicality, applicability, and success for developing the vocabulary comprehension and scientific writing skills. The sessions served a two-fold purpose: (1) to test various strategies and techniques relevant to the topic, and (2) to provide additional support to an at-risk student that cannot be provided by the school. The student participant was a 10th grade ESL student, who has been in the U.S. for 8 years, yet continues to struggle with science, particularly with vocabulary and writing skills ...


The Benefits Of Cooperative Learning In The Middle School Science Classroom, Michael M. Pettibone Dec 2006

The Benefits Of Cooperative Learning In The Middle School Science Classroom, Michael M. Pettibone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study presents an overview of the academic, social and behavioral benefits of cooperative learning in a middle school science classroom. Students were assessed in the second marking period during a teacher centered lecture and then introduced to a cooperative learning environment. There was an 89.7% increase in academic averages in the third marking period. This study also showed an observable improvement in classroom behavior and increase in appropriate social interactions.


The Effect Of Teacher Support On Students From Divorced Families, Jamie Kraemer Anderson Dec 2006

The Effect Of Teacher Support On Students From Divorced Families, Jamie Kraemer Anderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Statistics reveal divorce as a pervasive and real aspect of modern American society. As a result of the steady divorce rates, the implications for the classroom are far-reaching. While educators cannot resolve the challenge of divorce for students within a given classroom, a concerted effort to assist and understand the educator’s role and influence will better equip teacher’s to best meet the interests of their students. This research project addresses the potential effect of divorce on students. In order for teachers to best serve in a supportive role for their students experiencing the social, emotional, and academic impact ...


Cooperative Learning And Student Motivation, Patricia Quinn Dec 2006

Cooperative Learning And Student Motivation, Patricia Quinn

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The effects of cooperative learning on student motivation, attendance, and achievement were investigated in a school age GED program' s science lessons. Students took a pre-survey and post-survey to assess the effect of cooperative learning on motivation. Students took a pretest and post-test to assess the effect of cooperative learning on achievement. Student attendance was analyzed before and during the implementation of cooperative learning. Students exhibited more positive motivation and higher achievement after implementation of cooperative learning. It was not possible to determine the effect of cooperative learning on student attendance.


Targeting And Attempting To Correct Common Misconceptions In The High School Chemistry Classroom, Lori Jean Dolgos Dec 2006

Targeting And Attempting To Correct Common Misconceptions In The High School Chemistry Classroom, Lori Jean Dolgos

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

What is it about the nature of high school chemistry that creates obstacles to student learning? What are the common misconceptions? This thesis project notes that many high school chemistry students often struggle with misconceptions about the material. It postulates that these misconceptions are driven by the overwhelming amount of material they must master, the student’s prior “assumed” knowledge which may or may not be correct, and the reality that chemistry content tends to be more abstract in nature than previous science coursework. The project seeks to identify the common misconceptions in the chemistry classroom and create instructional strategies ...


Teaching Culture Through Dance To Kindergarten Students, Karen Ekeze Dec 2006

Teaching Culture Through Dance To Kindergarten Students, Karen Ekeze

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The arts are a defining part of our personal culture and history as well as a means to understand and experience global culture and history. According to the New York State Social Studies Curriculum, kindergarteners should be developing self-awareness and growing as individuals; teaching these concepts, through the arts, helps students answer basic questions about themselves and others. In order to address the scarcity of accessible resources, this thesis project creates and explores how to incorporate both creative dance and cultural dance into kindergarten social studies curriculum while addressing the kindergarten NYS Social Studies standards. The creative lesson plans (included ...


Using Formative Assessment To Increase Learning Of Biochemistry In High School Biology, Sheri P. Backus Aug 2006

Using Formative Assessment To Increase Learning Of Biochemistry In High School Biology, Sheri P. Backus

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper reports the outcome of a research project in regards to a biochemistry unit performed in a high school biology cooperative teaching classroom. As a result of difficulties with this topic in previous semesters, the author decided to use a variety of formative assessment teaching strategies with the intent of seeing if student learning, through active participation, would be enhanced. Along with increasing understanding, it was hoped these different assessment tools would improve the success rate of lower achieving students on the unit exam. The findings show that the use of graphic organizers, reflective journals, cooperative groups and open-book ...


Morning Meetings Used As A Strategy For Maintaining A Positive Learning Environment In An Urban Fifth Grade Classroom, Deanne M. Sittler Aug 2006

Morning Meetings Used As A Strategy For Maintaining A Positive Learning Environment In An Urban Fifth Grade Classroom, Deanne M. Sittler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in an attempt to answer the question: Are Morning Meetings an effective strategy for maintaining a positive learning environment in an urban fifth grade class room? The researcher collected baseline data from 20 students in an urban fifth grade class room in Rochester, New York to find out whether the implementation of Morning Meetings decreased negative actions and behaviors and improved the overall learning environment for fifth grade students. Research was conducted to monitor the influence of Morning Meetings on the actions and behaviors often students with the highest frequency of targeted negative actions and behaviors ...


Student Centered Learning In The Chemistry Classroom, Christopher Amesbury Aug 2006

Student Centered Learning In The Chemistry Classroom, Christopher Amesbury

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students in a chemistry classroom do not always perform to the level they are capable of. One variable that may play a part in this performance is the method the teacher uses to deliver the content. Typically a lecture format is used and students are very passive in this environment. This research focuses on investigating the effectiveness of different strategies that require students to be more active. These strategies included group work, partner work, demonstrations, inquiry lab activities and guided notes. The teacher collected students ' opinions on these strategies by using a survey. Further data was collected by recording teacher ...


Bridging The Gap In Physics Education, Aaron Harrington Aug 2006

Bridging The Gap In Physics Education, Aaron Harrington

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Over the past few years there has been a growing interest in the possible benefits of computer simulations in physics education. However, very little research has been conducted on how computer simulations can actually be integrated into a physics program (Zacharia & Anderson, 2003). This research investigated the effects of computer simulations on the development of accurate mental models when used in conjunction with traditional laboratory-based experiments. Since laboratory experiments can often have results that are very difficult to observe, these results only become evident to the trained eye of an expert. Computer simulations are able to present phenomena free of ...


Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris Aug 2006

Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in an urban elementary school in Western New York. The researcher, who was an intern in a fourth grade classroom, was interested jn determining if and how Readers' Theater might affect reading fluency in struggling readers. The students in the study exhibited a range of reading levels, but all struggled with fluency. Before beginning Readers' Theater, the researcher assessed the students for fluency. Specifically, students were tested for automaticity, accuracy and prosody. The researcher then implemented a Readers' Theater program for a total of ten weeks. The students participated in the program three days a week ...


How Listening While Reading Affects Oral Reading Fluency With At-Risk Third Grade Readers, Danielle Adelina Pietrantoni Aug 2006

How Listening While Reading Affects Oral Reading Fluency With At-Risk Third Grade Readers, Danielle Adelina Pietrantoni

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research attempted to answer the question, how does listening while reading affect reading fluency with at-risk readers? The researcher collected data from four third grade students in an urban school to find out which of the three areas of fluency (accuracy, rate, prosody) would be affected by listening while reading. The researcher used Developmental Reading Assessments (DRA), running records, the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) Fluency Scale, timed readings, and teacher observations to collect data. The data was analyzed to find generalizations about the effectiveness of listening while reading on oral reading fluency.


The Effect Teaching Methods Have On The Learning Of New Vocabulary For 7th Grade Students, Jennifer J. Young Aug 2006

The Effect Teaching Methods Have On The Learning Of New Vocabulary For 7th Grade Students, Jennifer J. Young

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted to help the author meet the instructional needs of 7th grade students in a Life Science classroom. The author used two different vocabulary instruction styles and collected data on 25 students. The first style of instruction had students complete a worksheet using the vocabulary words and then a quiz was given. The second style of instruction had the students defining the vocabulary in their own words, drawing a picture to illustrate the words, and using an antonym & synonym activity. Data was collect on student worksheets and quizzes. The results were compiled and analyzed for trends in ...


Student Motivation In The Urban Middle School Science Classroom, Sarah Laiosa Aug 2006

Student Motivation In The Urban Middle School Science Classroom, Sarah Laiosa

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Student motivation in any setting is difficult, but proves to be a unique challenge when dealing with urban middle school students. During my student teaching experience and my first year teaching in such a setting, I have found that it is extremely difficult to instill the importance of education in these students. This thesis focuses on the effects of teachers, peers, and administration on student motivation and incorporates strategies to improve motivation through a variety of techniques. At the completion of the research section of this thesis, I discovered that it was primarily the teacher that was responsible for the ...


A Focus On Making Great Problem-Solvers, Lisa Renee Malik Aug 2006

A Focus On Making Great Problem-Solvers, Lisa Renee Malik

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The main focus of this research was to design and implement a strategy that students could use to help them in problem-solving multistep problems that are the main focus of state assessments. Related literature focused on four major steps that should be used when problem-solving. These four steps are closely aligned with Polyas' problem-solving process. My goal in this research was to show that students are struggling with using problem-solving techniques to solve multi-step mathematical problems. Students struggle with reading comprehension and common mathematic vocabulary. Students can solve basic computational math problems, but when embedded within a word problem, this ...


Brain Gym, Elizabeth Anne Ramsperger Aug 2006

Brain Gym, Elizabeth Anne Ramsperger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study sought to determine the potential impact a program of exercises known as Brain Gym has on students' attention and ability to focus and retain information. Brain Gym consists of a serious of physical activities that could possibly enhance learning ability. The research was conducted in an urban elementary school before math time. An entire first grade classroom was introduced to Brain Gym and the entire class participated in Brain Gym activities before math began. Specifically, six students' behaviors and achievements were observed and recorded to help determine if Brain Gym had an impact. Various research methods were utilized ...


Motivational Strategies And Student Participation, Amanda Richards Aug 2006

Motivational Strategies And Student Participation, Amanda Richards

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The lives of today’s students are filled with video games, tablets, HD television, tweets, Facebook, smart phones, and ever increasing technologies. They have grown accustomed to the immediate feedback that technology provides and struggle to complete academic tasks that require persistence. Capturing and holding the attention of students is a daily goal of many educators yet the shrinking attention span and decrease in motivation in the school setting makes teaching and learning more difficult each year. This study explores strategies to motivate students and increase participation. It postulates that when students are actively engaged in the lesson, academic achievement ...


Using Multiple Choice Questions During Lecture To Create An Active Learning Atmosphere, Logan Mathew Newman Aug 2006

Using Multiple Choice Questions During Lecture To Create An Active Learning Atmosphere, Logan Mathew Newman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Prior to this research, lecture was the primary instructional method used to teach an urban high school Advanced Placement (AP) Biology class. Students often lose focus during the first 15 minutes of lecture (Mazur, 1 997). As a result, multiple choice questions were added to each lecture every 15-20 minutes. Students were encouraged to actively discuss the questions as a group to determine the correct answer. The focus of this method is increasing student involvement in lecture and critical thinking of the class material. Informal interviews of students and instructor observations provided qualitative data regarding the efficacy of this strategy ...


A Comparison Of Academic Expectations For Middle School Students In Hunan Province In Mainland China, Daniel Esler Jul 2006

A Comparison Of Academic Expectations For Middle School Students In Hunan Province In Mainland China, Daniel Esler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This examination of Chinese middle school students notes cultural differences as a major factor in both motivation and academic success from their counterparts in America. The uniformity of national curriculum and classroom decorum, partnered with cultural expectations in China, which helps to nurture moral development, promote potential employment, and predicts the likelihood of care for family in the future, are all examined to highlight their effect on students. Confucian philosophy permeates the curriculum and societal attitude towards learning and the added Chinese belief that ability does not affect achievement – hard work does, is diametrically opposed to similar understandings about academic ...


The Effects Of The Assistive Technology Tool, Picture Sentence Key On The Expressive Language Skills In Children With Disabilities, Mary Catherine Engle May 2006

The Effects Of The Assistive Technology Tool, Picture Sentence Key On The Expressive Language Skills In Children With Disabilities, Mary Catherine Engle

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate if the amount and quality of expressive language in children with disabilities increase or decrease as a result of assistive technology, (focused on hardware and software) that is individualized to the needs of each child. To obtain information about this topic, the researcher reviewed literature and gathered evidence on the language skills of four elementary students with disabilities through pre and post language samples during a play situation. Pre and post language samples were used to assess any increases in the students' expressive language while using the assistive technology software, Picture Sentence ...


Music Therapy: Effects On Children's Academic Work And On Task Performance, Maria L. Chavez May 2006

Music Therapy: Effects On Children's Academic Work And On Task Performance, Maria L. Chavez

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study observed the academic engaged time of seven students in a self contained classroom. The service that this study concentrated on was music therapy. The study attempted to answer the following question "Does music therapy affect the academic achievement of children with disabilities by improving their on-task behaviors in the classroom?" Undercoffer (1997) states that music can enhance student motivation, increase attendance and improve social skills. Data collection was done specifically through the use of an observational instrument, using a five point Likert scale. The instrument measured "on-task" performance before and after the already scheduled music therapy sessions for ...


How To Help English As A Second Language Students Increase Understanding Of Earth Science Core Content Knowledge And Science Literacy With The Use Of After School Vocabulary Review Sessions, Sean Metz Apr 2006

How To Help English As A Second Language Students Increase Understanding Of Earth Science Core Content Knowledge And Science Literacy With The Use Of After School Vocabulary Review Sessions, Sean Metz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the population of English as a second language (ESL) student entering our school systems increasing, and the importance for all students to have a mastery of science concepts, there needs to be a solution to help these ESL students that struggle with science. My students are all in ninth grade taking earth science and struggling with the content of the Regents course. After a conversation with each of the seven ESL students I decided to begin after school vocabulary intervention review sessions. For the second half of the year the students would meet one day each week and review ...