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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effectiveness Of Teaching Romeo And Juliet To Ninth Graders First From An Aesthetic Stance And Then From An Efferent Stance, Kevin P. Delehanty May 2003

The Effectiveness Of Teaching Romeo And Juliet To Ninth Graders First From An Aesthetic Stance And Then From An Efferent Stance, Kevin P. Delehanty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet first from a predominately aesthetic stance and then from a predominately efferent stance. The subjects were eighteen ninth-grade students from a co-ed, heterogenous, rural high school. Two assessments for each stance were given and analyzed, as well as post-talk interviews completed by fifteen of the subjects. The results proved to me what the research emphasized, namely, with fiction, approach the piece first from an aesthetic stance, and then go back and analyze it in an efferent manner if needed. Such a method ...


The Way Sixth Graders' Achievement Levels Influence Their Perception Of Homework, Heather A. Demao May 2003

The Way Sixth Graders' Achievement Levels Influence Their Perception Of Homework, Heather A. Demao

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In my Masters Graduate Thesis, I investigated if there was a relationship between a sixth grader's perception of homework and his/her academic achievement level. Six students at seven local Monroe County schools were interviewed and asked questions regarding their perceptions on homework.

I then compared the data within each academic achievement level grouping, to see if all students felt the same way or if their academic achievement level truly did influence their perception of homework.

The data was analyzed qualitatively. The results demonstrated that although there were some interesting findings among these students, there was no relationship found ...


Balanced Literacy: What Traits Are Typically Displayed In A Balanced Literacy Classroom?, Jonathan D. Priset May 2003

Balanced Literacy: What Traits Are Typically Displayed In A Balanced Literacy Classroom?, Jonathan D. Priset

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to understand the components of balanced literacy and to see how these components were utilized within several primary school classrooms.

The study involved nine primary school teachers from a suburban, western New York school district. Four were kindergarten teachers and five were first grade teachers. The school district as well as the teachers, promoted balanced literacy.

The design of this study helped bring an understanding to the different components of balanced literacy. As teachers were observed and interviewed, the framework of balanced literacy was exposed. A questionnaire also allowed each teacher to share how often she ...


A Teacher Created Approach To Spelling Vs. A Textbook Approach To Spelling, Bridget Fichera-Aina May 2003

A Teacher Created Approach To Spelling Vs. A Textbook Approach To Spelling, Bridget Fichera-Aina

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of two different approaches to spelling reinforcement. The first approach used solely textbook activities and the second approach used teacher directed activities. The study included 19 students from a suburban upstate New York school district. The subjects were second grade students consisting of twelve girls and seven boys. The study took approximately 12 weeks to complete. The first ten, weeks consisted of a pretest at the beginning of each week containing 15-18 second grade spelling words. Each week the pretest was followed by either textbook reinforcement activities or teacher created ...


The Relationship Between Parental Involvement And The Academic Success Of Fifth Grade Students, Scott S. Kingsbury May 2003

The Relationship Between Parental Involvement And The Academic Success Of Fifth Grade Students, Scott S. Kingsbury

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant relationship between the level of parental involvement of fifth grade students and the scores that these students achieved on their fourth grade New York State Math and ELA Tests. Surveys were returned from the parents of fifty-eight students. The students were divided into two groups—high and low achievers based on their scores on the NYS Math and ELA tests. High achievement was defined as a score of 3 or 4 and low achievement was defined as a score of 1 or 2. Surveys were sent ...


The Power Of The 6 + 1 Traits Of Writing On Second Graders' Writing, Karen Turkovitz May 2003

The Power Of The 6 + 1 Traits Of Writing On Second Graders' Writing, Karen Turkovitz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Twenty-three second graders from a suburban primary school in upstate New York were the subjects of this research study. The purpose of the study was to determine if students' writing improved after receiving instruction in the 6 + 1 Traits of Writing Framework. The participants completed a narrative essay prior to instruction. Students worked through the entire writing process, from first drafts to revising, then editing, and ultimately to final copies. These essays were evaluated using a rubric that was based on the six traits or characteristics of good writing. Students then received instruction in the 6 + 1 Traits of Writing ...


The Effectiveness Of An Integrated Curriculum On Literacy Achievement Among First Graders, Kathleen A. Provost May 2003

The Effectiveness Of An Integrated Curriculum On Literacy Achievement Among First Graders, Kathleen A. Provost

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of an integrated curriculum on literacy achievement. Twenty-four first graders from western New York elementary schools were the subjects of this research study. Twelve of the students received an integrated curriculum approach for first grade, while the other twelve did not. An integrated curriculum model is an interdisciplinary approach to guiding learners, accessing multiple intelligences through thematic curriculum, utilized by all teaching professionals. All twenty-four students also received supplemental Reading Recovery instruction. Running reading records and written vocabulary lists from all twenty-four students were analyzed over a twelve-week period to ...


The Effect Of Reading And Social Studies Integration On Content Knowledge And Vocabulary, Jessica P. Schultz Apr 2003

The Effect Of Reading And Social Studies Integration On Content Knowledge And Vocabulary, Jessica P. Schultz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the integration of reading in the content area would improve students' vocabulary and content knowledge test scores. The belief of content area literacy is that students learn with text, not from them. An interaction with text provides opportunities for students to enhance their own mental models of the material. This research report reveals the positive effects of teaching reading skills in all curricular areas, and it emphasizes the benefits of immersing students with literature in science, social studies and math, as well as language arts. The researcher compared two fifth grade ...


Are Urban Parents Familiar With Ways To Be Involved In A Child's Education?, Patrick S. Doe Apr 2003

Are Urban Parents Familiar With Ways To Be Involved In A Child's Education?, Patrick S. Doe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the research was to ascertain if parents of students who attend school in an urban setting could identify ways to be involved in a child's education at home and at school.

The research was conducted over an eight week period. The subjects of the research were adults from various parts of the country. However, it should be noted that out of the twenty urban parents that took part in the research, the vast majority of them resided in the Rochester, New York area.

The research was collected through interviewing the participants. The interviews were conducted over ...


The Influence Of Visualization On Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension, Pamela Zola Smith Apr 2003

The Influence Of Visualization On Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension, Pamela Zola Smith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This quantitative research study was conducted to see what effect teaching fifth grade students techniques on how to visualize before they read would have on their comprehension. Twenty fifth-grade students from a heterogeneous elementary class in a suburb of Western New York were part of the study. Each student was given an individual copy of The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe in class. During this five-week period, the students independently read the chapters assigned to them. They then received either a standard lesson and cloze test or a visualization lesson and cloze test directly following each chapter.

The data ...


Graphic Organizers: What Are The Effects Of Writing, Attitudes Towards, And Usage Of Graphic Organizers In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Wendy Rusin Apr 2003

Graphic Organizers: What Are The Effects Of Writing, Attitudes Towards, And Usage Of Graphic Organizers In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Wendy Rusin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined the effects of a graphic organizer, the Venn Diagram, on fourth graders' writing projects. The students' views and attitudes towards the effectiveness of the graphic organizer were considered and were determined by a student survey. This information was used to determine if the students felt the organizer improved their writing compared to a previously written essay that was created without, the organizer. Students received direct instruction on several different types of graphic organizers. In February, the students took the New York State English Language Arts exam where the students wrote an essay based on two stories. There ...


Self-Identified Motivation For Avid Middle School Readers, Kathleen M. Hundley Apr 2003

Self-Identified Motivation For Avid Middle School Readers, Kathleen M. Hundley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored the motivation behind avid middle school readers. The purpose of this study was to investigate and determine the motivation behind avid middle school readers. The research question was: What motivations do avid readers possess?

The subjects of this study were 50 avid middle school readers aged 11-14. They all attended the same public suburban middle school. An anonymous survey was given to the students to complete in the fall of 2002. The resu1ts of this investigation substantiate much of the previous research in the area of what motivation is behind avid middle school readers. In addition, the ...


The Perceptions Of Elementary School Aged Children, Grades Four Through Six, On Traditional Masculine And Feminine School Subjects, Karen Macomber- Antinore Apr 2003

The Perceptions Of Elementary School Aged Children, Grades Four Through Six, On Traditional Masculine And Feminine School Subjects, Karen Macomber- Antinore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine what school subjects elementary school aged children perceived as more masculine and feminine.

A researcher-developed survey was used to obtain students’ perceptions and attitudes regarding a variety of school subjects and areas. The subjects for this study were 300 elementary school boys and girls, grades four through six from both urban and suburban school districts. The surveys were given to various elementary school teachers to administer to their students, which the students were required to complete and return to the teacher. Once these surveys were completed and returned to the researcher, the ...


Investigating High And Low Fifth Grade Urban Readers Through Reading Autobiographies, Jeffrey S. Stanley Apr 2003

Investigating High And Low Fifth Grade Urban Readers Through Reading Autobiographies, Jeffrey S. Stanley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The push for higher standards and increased performance for children in the United States, has led to many different strategies being used to assist teachers in improving their students' scores. The subjects in this study were from five fifth grade classrooms in an urban school district in Western New York. The eighty-four students consisted of fifty-five females and twenty-nine males. The students were given lessons in reading and writing autobiographies for Readers' Workshop. At the end of the week the students were asked to write an autobiography about how they learned to read. The results of the study yielded sixty-four ...


A Single-Subject Experimental Design: A Reading Recovery Child's Change Over Time In Writing, Kristina A. Clark Apr 2003

A Single-Subject Experimental Design: A Reading Recovery Child's Change Over Time In Writing, Kristina A. Clark

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A single-subject experimental design of one Reading Recov􀀲ry child's change over time in writing. In this thesis I will observe one of my first round Reading Recovery students writing over a twenty-week period. After the fifth, tenth, fifteenth and twentieth week intervals the child's writing will be examined against a rubric to observe the changes in vocabulary/spelling, sentence structure, directional principles and language quality. The scores of each section will be examined to see if a change in the child's writing has occurred.


A Study Of The Commonalities Among Adult Avid Readers, Melissa K. Vimislik Apr 2003

A Study Of The Commonalities Among Adult Avid Readers, Melissa K. Vimislik

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to determine the common characteristics of adult avid readers, find out what through their lifetime has made them avid readers and how they have been influenced. Forty-four adult avid readers completed a researcher-developed survey. The responses from the surveys were reviewed and appropriate qualitative and quantitative analyses were made. The findings from this study indicated that there were common characteristics and influences among the survey respondents. These commonalities included that most respondents read for similar reasons, most became avid readers as young children, most were influenced by parents or other close relatives or teachers, and most ...


Emerging Readers: A Look Into Emergent Literacy Scores Of Kindergarten Students Who Attended An Urban School District Pre-Kindergarten And Their Classmates, Kara Passamonte Apr 2003

Emerging Readers: A Look Into Emergent Literacy Scores Of Kindergarten Students Who Attended An Urban School District Pre-Kindergarten And Their Classmates, Kara Passamonte

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of pre-kindergarten on emergent literacy scores of children at an urban school. The need for the study was prompted by experts in early childhood about whether children that attended prekindergarten had an advantage over their peers that entered kindergarten without the prekindergarten experience.

Forty-seven kindergarten students who attend school in an, urban school district in upstate New York were the subjects in the study. Twenty-three of those students attended pre-kindergarten and twenty-four entered kindergartens without prekindergarten. The Emergent Literacy Survey was administered to all forty-seven subjects in September and November ...


The Power Of Discussion On Students' Comprehension, Jennifer A. Brock Apr 2003

The Power Of Discussion On Students' Comprehension, Jennifer A. Brock

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Through listening to one another we establish "a foundation for all aspects of language and cognitive development" (Hyslop,1988). As teachers we need to establish the need for discussion and encourage the discussion aspect of learning. This needs to be done within the classroom and at home. Parents are the first people that children talk with and learn to discuss issues with. Therefore, it is necessary that discussion be carried on throughout a child's education.

In the thesis, I will research that by discussing stories with their children, parents will increase the comprehension of their children. Through the use ...


The Perceptions Of 9th Grade Students On English Homework In A Suburban School District, Joann M. Macmullen Apr 2003

The Perceptions Of 9th Grade Students On English Homework In A Suburban School District, Joann M. Macmullen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions and attitudes of 9th grade students on English homework in a suburban school district. Homework is a complex subject. Educators find themselves dealing with students who choose not to do their homework on a daily basis. Why is this so? There are many studies of educators and parents on their perceptions of homework, but perhaps the missing link is the students' perceptions. Do they value homework? The study involved administering a survey to 4 classes of 9th grade English students. Four different English teachers taught these classes. The findings demonstrated ...


The Effects Of Visualization Instruction On First Graders' Story Retelling, Tracy Zimmerman Apr 2003

The Effects Of Visualization Instruction On First Graders' Story Retelling, Tracy Zimmerman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the effects of visualization instruction on first graders' comprehension as shown in their retelling scores that preceded a running reading record. The premise of this study was based on the need to teach students how to actively engage in comprehending text while reading. Students in this study were taught the importance of visualization as it aids comprehension of text. Students were taught how to visualize stories with no print, stories with no illustrations, and stories with illustrations and print. Journals and story maps were utilized to increase visualization usage and retelling abilities. Students were given pre and ...


The Effects Of Imagery And Concreteness On Recall Of Prose Passages Read By Ninth Grade Students, Scott D. Majka Apr 2003

The Effects Of Imagery And Concreteness On Recall Of Prose Passages Read By Ninth Grade Students, Scott D. Majka

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research was designed to study the effects of imagery and language concreteness on retention of prose passages. Thirty heterogeneously grouped ninth-grade students from two separate English classes in a suburban high school outside of Rochester, New York; were assigned to two treatment conditions. Both conditions required students to retell information and were then prompted for further information after reading two types of passages: one which was highly imageable, or concrete, the other which was less imageable, or abstract. After the first treatment condition, students received training designed to acquaint students with mental imagery and to help them use mental ...


The Effects Of Instruction In Prereading Strategies On Reading Comprehension, Dana Formicola Young Apr 2003

The Effects Of Instruction In Prereading Strategies On Reading Comprehension, Dana Formicola Young

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study evaluated the effects of instruction in prereading strategies on reading comprehension. Through using Running Reading Records as an assessment tool, I compared reading growth over an eight week period without prereading instruction against reading growth over an eight week period with prereading instruction . This study consisted of 12 students over a sixteen week period . Running Reading Records were initially given in order to find each student's instructional reading level. Over the course of eight weeks, I instructed the students, in small groups according to their ability level, in guided reading groups. After eight weeks, Running Reading Records ...