Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effect Of Learning Vocabulary Words In American Sign Language On Hearing Fourth Grade Students, Brenda Kay Birge Zdrojewski Dec 1998

The Effect Of Learning Vocabulary Words In American Sign Language On Hearing Fourth Grade Students, Brenda Kay Birge Zdrojewski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a positive effect on heterogeneously grouped fourth graders when taught the American Sign Language sign for reading vocabulary words.

The subjects for the research consisted of forty-eight students from a suburban, upstate New York state school district. The subjects participated in weekly vocabulary instruction. The treatment group (N=24) was involved in the vocabulary lessons taught by the researcher including instruction of American Sign Language signs for each new vocabulary word for the week. The .control group (N=24) also participated in vocabulary lessons at the same time, and ...


A Study Of The Correlation Between Sixth Grade Students' Attitudes Toward Reading And Their Performance On A Standardized Test, Gina M. Laniak Dec 1998

A Study Of The Correlation Between Sixth Grade Students' Attitudes Toward Reading And Their Performance On A Standardized Test, Gina M. Laniak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a statistically significant correlation between sixth grade students' attitudes toward reading and their standardized test scores. More specifically, the area in question was whether a significant relationship existed between how well students scored on an exam and how much they enjoyed reading. The subjects consisted of 75 sixth graders who had not repeated the grade nor were in Special Education. All of the subjects took the DRP exam in May of 1998 and were given the Elementary Reading Attitude Survey in September of 1998. Four teachers and their classes ...


First And Second Grade, Bilingual (Spanish/English-Speaking) And Monolingual (English-Speaking) Teachers’ Evaluations Of What They Consider Basic Elements Of An Adequate Early Intervention Reading Program For The Population They Serve, Michelle Karam Dec 1998

First And Second Grade, Bilingual (Spanish/English-Speaking) And Monolingual (English-Speaking) Teachers’ Evaluations Of What They Consider Basic Elements Of An Adequate Early Intervention Reading Program For The Population They Serve, Michelle Karam

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the evaluated elements of an adequate early intervention reading program for bilingual (Spanish/English-speaking) and monolingual (English-speaking) students, as viewed by their first or second grade, bilingual or monolingual teacher. Fifteen bilingual and fifteen monolingual, first and second grade teachers (N=30) from three area urban school districts constituted the subjects of this study. An anonymous survey was sent to each of the thirty teachers. From a listing of key components of a reading program, teachers rated each of the fifteen elements they felt as being most important to the population they ...


Hunter Vs. Lazeer: Which Lesson Design Is Most Effective?, Michelle New Dec 1998

Hunter Vs. Lazeer: Which Lesson Design Is Most Effective?, Michelle New

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if one particular lesson design is more-effective in teaching vocabulary words and definitions to second grade students. Eight separate paired two sample t-tests were used to investigate the research questions presented in this study:

(1) Is there a statistically significant difference between the mean post-test scores of the students who were taught vocabulary words and definitions using the Hunter lesson design, and students who were taught vocabulary definitions using the multiple intelligence model, created by David Lazeer?

(2) Which lesson design will produce greater student success for retention of the already learned ...


What Are The Attitudes And Opinions Of School Personnel In Reference To The School Breakfast And Lunch Programs In Elementary Schools?, Mae T. Jones Dec 1998

What Are The Attitudes And Opinions Of School Personnel In Reference To The School Breakfast And Lunch Programs In Elementary Schools?, Mae T. Jones

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine perceptions of some school personnel regarding the Breakfast and Lunch Programs in their elementary schools. Also, the purpose of investigating the perceptions of current school personnel was to determine if the findings concur with existing research. The findings of this study were compared to previous research data, which focuses on the school personnel comments regarding their perceptions of what is considered a quality School Breakfast and Lunch Program in their elementary school. This study includes a research-designed questionnaire, which was administered to 67 voluntary participants in a city school district in western ...


Teaching Phonics To Adult Students Using Job Relevant Reading Materials, Andrea R. Stridiron Aug 1998

Teaching Phonics To Adult Students Using Job Relevant Reading Materials, Andrea R. Stridiron

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

When adult students make the decision to return to school after being away a year or more, they may have forgotten many skills, rules and/or generalizations of reading that will be crucial for their success in the work force. One of these is phonics.

Many students have forgotten basic phonics rules. This has prevented them from reading for pleasure, but more importantly, it has kept them from being successful on the job. It keeps them from reading and following simple instructions or understanding written memos from their supervisors or fellow workers. Lack of following directions can lead to accidents ...


Students’ Perceptions For The Use Of Computers In Elementary Schools, David Thomas Richardson Aug 1998

Students’ Perceptions For The Use Of Computers In Elementary Schools, David Thomas Richardson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this thesis, the author examines Rochester public school students’ perceptions of computer use in the classroom and at home, given their very limited access to school computers. The researcher surveyed 152 students from grades 4-6 using measures created by the author and modified according to teacher recommendations. Survey results showed that students had an overall positive perception of computers. Students saw computers as a ‘fun’ learning tool and used them play games, perform internet research, and type homework assignments. Study results showed that the students had overall better computer knowledge than their teachers had anticipated. Study implications include recommendations ...


The Use Of African American Children’S Literature In The Classroom, Mark Jordan Aug 1998

The Use Of African American Children’S Literature In The Classroom, Mark Jordan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is threefold beginning with determining if teachers are using African American children's literature in their classrooms. The second purpose is to determine if the books that teachers are using reflect a wide range of experiences of African Americans. The third purpose is to determine why some teachers are not using African American children's literature. One hundred surveys were distributed in two urban elementary schools and two suburban elementary schools in Monroe County. The subjects were the forty-seven teachers who responded to the surveys. The survey was designed to obtain information about the use ...


An Investigative Study Of How Cooperative Learning Can Benefit High-Achieving Students, Deanna Lynn Scotty-Ryan Aug 1998

An Investigative Study Of How Cooperative Learning Can Benefit High-Achieving Students, Deanna Lynn Scotty-Ryan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper was written to represent the findings of the benefits of cooperative learning for high achieving students. During the 1990's there was a major push for supplementing the curriculum with different learning styles. Cooperative learning is one popular example that has been researched a lot to find effectiveness of lesson delivery and benefits for students. Slavin and Johnson and Johnson are among the many advocated for believing that cooperative learning is beneficial in many ways for student development, including high achieving students. The researcher found over and over that what the advocates wrote was substantiated in detail in ...


A Multi-Sensory Approach To Teaching Sight Word Recognition, Dana L. Annechino Aug 1998

A Multi-Sensory Approach To Teaching Sight Word Recognition, Dana L. Annechino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between two approaches to sight word acquisition: audio-visual versus multi-sensory among second graders reading below grade level.

The subjects consisted of sixteen second grade students who were reading below grade level in a suburban school district. The subjects were given a pretest to determine twenty unknown sight words among sixteen students. During week 1, eight students were taught the sight words using an audio-visual method (flash cards). The remaining eight students were taught the same sight words using a multi-sensory approach that contains audio, visual, tactile, and kinesthetic modes (mobility ...


An Investigation Into A Reading Intervention Modeled After Reading Recovery, Angela R. Horvath Jul 1998

An Investigation Into A Reading Intervention Modeled After Reading Recovery, Angela R. Horvath

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

How does Reading Recovery program effect the ability and attitudes of the participating students? In this explanatory study, eight students, participating in an intervention program modeled after Reading Recovery, were examined based on skills and attitudes. All but one student showed marked improvement in attitude toward reading and writing by the end of the study. All students showed some growth in skill level, as well the study was limited in scope as well as in implementation of the Reading Recovery Program. On an individual level, Reading Recovery was successful in improving both skill and attitude of students in need of ...


A Comparison Of How Schools Diagnose And Support Growth In Reading For Third Grade Students, Rachel B. Gnage Jul 1998

A Comparison Of How Schools Diagnose And Support Growth In Reading For Third Grade Students, Rachel B. Gnage

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was three fold. First examined was how reading abilities are identified in typical third grade classrooms. Secondly, approaches, strategies, and instruments classroom teachers, remedial reading specialist, and special education teachers (reading facilitators) use to support growth were investigated. Finally, school districts were compared with each other. Forty-six third grade reading facilitators were surveyed with a researcher-made instrument that included eighty-five items and four open-ended questions. Data was gathered in frequency tables from the twenty-six surveys that were returned. The survey data displayed that reading facilitators use a wide variety of elements to diagnose reading abilities ...


What Makes A Good Teacher? Perceptions From Third And Fifth Grade Students, Julia M. Wilson Jul 1998

What Makes A Good Teacher? Perceptions From Third And Fifth Grade Students, Julia M. Wilson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers are evaluated daily by their students. By examining students' criteria for teacher evaluation, teachers are able to broaden their existing base of understanding and develop a greater perception of the complex dynamics of the classroom. Because students at the elementary level have rarely in the past been asked their opinions, four groups of elementary students participated in this study.

This study was conducted to determine whether third and fifth grade students had perceptions of "good" teacher and "bad" teachers and to see if they used similar criteria when evaluating teachers. Three themes emerged from the student responses: (1) personality ...


Case Study: The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Home Schooling : One Family's Perspective, Susan E. Carlson Jun 1998

Case Study: The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Home Schooling : One Family's Perspective, Susan E. Carlson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This case study explored the advantages and disadvantages of the home schooling experience of one family. Data collection consisted of direct observations, review of taped lessons, samples of student work, curriculum review, pre- and post- interviews with parents and student, analysis of reflective journal kept by parents, interviews with extended family members and friends of the family, and results of standardized testing. Reasons for home-schooling were concerns over the quality of the public school education the student previously attended and religious concerns. Findings indicated that the advantages were a better quality education, teaching of religious values, more family time, and ...


Student Misconceptions In Science: The Human Digestive System, Heather A. Dry Jun 1998

Student Misconceptions In Science: The Human Digestive System, Heather A. Dry

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students bring their personal belief systems with them into classrooms. In the science classroom, these beliefs may be misconceptions, ideas that are not congruent with currently accepted scientific facts and theories. This study sought to identify student misconceptions as they pertained to a unit of study on the human digestive system. The hypothesis was that students, when submitted to traditional, lecture-type teaching which does not confront students' preconceived notions, will learn the correct information for the formal unit test, but will revert back to their previously held notions upon leaving the class.

Each of the 85 high school biology students ...


Teachers' Perceptions Of Middle School In Two Rural Districts: A Companion To The Crowe Study, Dana M. Taurisano May 1998

Teachers' Perceptions Of Middle School In Two Rural Districts: A Companion To The Crowe Study, Dana M. Taurisano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine teachers' perceptions of the middle school concept, what is happening in their school and what actually should be happening. The findings of this study were compared to the Crowe study, which focuses on administrators' perceptions.

In this study, a researcher developed survey was administered to 51 rural, middle level teachers in two rural districts in Western New York. The school districts involved consisted of one that included 28 middle level teachers, 321 middle level students, and three administrators. The other district consisted of 42 middle level teachers, 500 middle level students, and ...


What Is The Correlation Between Risk-Taking Behaviors And Letter Recognition In Kindergarten Students?, Michelle Delong May 1998

What Is The Correlation Between Risk-Taking Behaviors And Letter Recognition In Kindergarten Students?, Michelle Delong

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study attempted to determine whether there was a significant correlation between the letter recognition ability of kindergarten students and their risk-taking characteristics in the classroom. To achieve this purpose, letter recognition scores from November report cards were used, along with teacher input regarding risk-taking behaviors. One hundred ten kindergarten students from an upstate New York suburban community were the subjects for this study. Eleven participating teachers listed the five students in their class who exhibited the most risk-taking behaviors in the academic setting and the five students in their class who exhibited the fewest risk-taking behaviors in the academic ...


Principles And Practices Of Reading Instruction Provided In Grades K-5 In The Fairport Central Schools, Sheila M. Spiesz May 1998

Principles And Practices Of Reading Instruction Provided In Grades K-5 In The Fairport Central Schools, Sheila M. Spiesz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to identify the principles and practices currently implemented in providing reading instruction in kindergarten through grade five in the Fairport Central School District. The subjects in this study included 149 elementary classroom teachers and 11 elementary reading teachers from the four elementary school buildings in the Fairport Central School District. Of these 160 teachers, 10 of them were also interviewed. The survey responses were presented quantitatively. All of the answers on the survey questions were compared by percentages of the total number of responses. Both the survey results and the interview responses were analyzed ...


The Long Term Effects Of The Reading Intervention Program, An Early Intervention Program Similar To Reading Recovery, Wendy Tarbox Watt May 1998

The Long Term Effects Of The Reading Intervention Program, An Early Intervention Program Similar To Reading Recovery, Wendy Tarbox Watt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

During the 1995-1997 school years, 35 students were identified at Holmes Road School (in Greece, NY) as being in the lowest 20% of their peer group in reading and related skills during first or second grade. These students received 12-16 weeks of individualized, one-on-one, reading instruction in a program similar to Reading Recovery called the Reading Intervention Program (RIP). During this program, students made significant gains. The purpose of this study was to determine if RIP has had a lasting effect on the performance of students who have had the 'treatment" as compared to their peers. Standardized test scores of ...


Administrators' Perceptions Of Middle School In Two Rural Districts: A Companion To The Taurisano Study, Karen M. Crowe May 1998

Administrators' Perceptions Of Middle School In Two Rural Districts: A Companion To The Taurisano Study, Karen M. Crowe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to identify administrators' perceptions of the current practices in their middle school as compared to what they believe a middle school should be doing. The findings of this study were also compared to the Taurisano study, which focuses on teachers' perceptions of the middle school concept.

The subjects involved were 11 administrators from two rural school districts in Western New York. One of the school districts have 28 -middle level teachers, 321 middle level students, and 3 administrators. The other school district involved consists of 42 middle level teachers, 500 middle level students, and ...


The Effects Of Parent Workshops On The Home Literacy Environments Of Urban Prekindergarten Children, Kristen Ruth Neckers May 1998

The Effects Of Parent Workshops On The Home Literacy Environments Of Urban Prekindergarten Children, Kristen Ruth Neckers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if a series of parent workshops based on early literacy development would empower parents to provide their prekindergarten children with increased literature-rich materials and experiences within their homes. The fifteen subjects were the parents of prekindergarten students attending an urban school in western New York. The subjects attended a series of parent workshops which focused on incorporating literature events into everyday life activities. The subjects completed a pre survey and post survey. This researcher-designed survey was used as a pre-assessment and post-assessment to determine the quantity of literature-rich materials which were present ...


Comparing The Effects Of Storybook Reading And Storytelling On Preschoolers' And Kindergartners' Ability To Answer Comprehension Questions, Erin Elizabeth Brewer May 1998

Comparing The Effects Of Storybook Reading And Storytelling On Preschoolers' And Kindergartners' Ability To Answer Comprehension Questions, Erin Elizabeth Brewer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare preschoolers' and kindergartners' ability to comprehend a story as a result of either having read to them from a book or having orally told them a story. A second purpose of this study was to examine each age group individually to see if age played a factor in their comprehension of the stories with relation to the two methods of presenting the stories.

The books were introduced before they were presented. Two methods of presentation were used: reading a story from the book, or telling a story orally, without the book. In ...


The Relationship Between Grouping Format Used For Reading Instruction And Fourth Grade Students' Attitudes Toward Reading, Cindy Lee Clare May 1998

The Relationship Between Grouping Format Used For Reading Instruction And Fourth Grade Students' Attitudes Toward Reading, Cindy Lee Clare

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare the reading attitude scores of fourth-grade students who are grouped homogeneously for reading instruction to those who are grouped heterogeneously. The null hypothesis stated that there would be no statistically significant differences between the mean reading attitude scores of students from the homogeneous or heterogeneous groups on the Elementary Reading Attitude Survey.

The subjects were ninety-six fourth grade students from two different suburban area school districts located in western New York. Heterogeneous grouping was used for reading instruction in one school district while homogeneous grouping was used in the other district. Both ...


Benefits Of The Current Events Component In A Humanities Program, Annette M. Wattie May 1998

Benefits Of The Current Events Component In A Humanities Program, Annette M. Wattie

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Current affairs are an important part of social studies. Text books are of little value to the classroom, because they cannot keep up with the ever changing state of current affairs. The challenge for educators is to find an alternative that facilitates learning and interest. In this master thesis, the author examined a high school to see if studying current affairs daily had increased student’s interest in world events, if students maintained interest after completing two years of studying current events, and if the program improved students’ knowledge of current events.

This study examined students from a suburban high ...


Encouraging Reading Outside Of School Through Literature Response, Rebecca J. Berbert May 1998

Encouraging Reading Outside Of School Through Literature Response, Rebecca J. Berbert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover whether time spent in the classroom responding to literature read at home would encourage children to read at home.

This study was based on the past research that states that good readers spend more time reading outside of school than weaker readers. Also, research states that giving a child time to respond to what has been read helps the reader gain better comprehension.

Twenty-four third-grade students from a suburban school district participated in the study. During the first eight weeks, the children brought home a reading log, where time spent reading and ...


The Effect Of Background Music On Retention Of Vocabulary Terms, Lori Lomker Gearinger May 1998

The Effect Of Background Music On Retention Of Vocabulary Terms, Lori Lomker Gearinger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of background music on studying and retention of vocabulary terms. Is music adversely affecting or enhancing our children's studying habits? Can music be stimulating the brain to positively affect concentration and retention?

The subjects consisted of 37 sixth graders. All of the subjects participated in the three different sessions. Three different vocabulary lists (10 words on each) were developed by the researcher. All of the vocabulary came directly from a novel called The View from Saturday by E.L. Konigsburg, a reading selection used within the students' reading class ...


The Effect Of Two Reading Conditions On Comprehension For Ninth Grade Students, Susan Wilcher Henderson May 1998

The Effect Of Two Reading Conditions On Comprehension For Ninth Grade Students, Susan Wilcher Henderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the most effective way of delivering instruction, as it related to reading, in the classroom. The study compared comprehension scores yielded from oral reading and silent reading from prose found in the world literature anthology used in a ninth grade humanities program.

Thirty-nine urban, ninth grade general education students participated in this study. In order to avoid any bias, one classroom teacher and not the researcher conducted the reading assessment during one class period. Students from four classes were tested within a one week period of time, in morning classes. The oral ...


Is Phonemic Awareness Directly Related To Reading Achievement In Fourth Grade Students?, Fredericka E. Schaefer May 1998

Is Phonemic Awareness Directly Related To Reading Achievement In Fourth Grade Students?, Fredericka E. Schaefer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked at the relationship between phonemic awareness and reading achievement in fourth grade students. The study involved 26 fourth graders from the same class at a suburban school in western New

York State. The question addressed was: Can phonemic awareness be used as a predictor of reading achievement with fourth grade students? The data were collected using the word recognition and passage comprehension sections of the Woodcock Reading Mastery Test and the Yopp-Singer Test of Phoneme Segmentation. The Pearson product-moment coefficient of correlation was calculated to determine to what extent reading ability and phonemic awareness are related. This ...


An Investigation Into The Effect That Final Exam Exemptions In Seventh And Eighth Grade Science Courses Have On Students’ Ninth Grade Earth Science Regents’ Scores, Suzanne Cavanaugh Mar 1998

An Investigation Into The Effect That Final Exam Exemptions In Seventh And Eighth Grade Science Courses Have On Students’ Ninth Grade Earth Science Regents’ Scores, Suzanne Cavanaugh

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Virtually no research has ever been conducted examining the effect that exemptions from cumulative final examinations during the middle school years have on a student’s New York State Regents examination scores. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in students' earth science Regents scores when they were given cumulative final exams during seventh and eighth grade as compared to those that were exempt from taking cumulative final exams during these years.

The subjects in this study were 48 students attending a rural school in Central New York State over a three ...