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Full-Text Articles in Education

Is Cursive Handwriting A Needed Skill For The Twenty-First Century?, Margaret V. Ferris Dec 1997

Is Cursive Handwriting A Needed Skill For The Twenty-First Century?, Margaret V. Ferris

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study compared attitudes of elementary school teachers and secondary school teachers on cursive handwriting. The investigation included secondary and elementary teacher requirements of cursive handwriting and special education students’ requirement of cursive handwriting. The subjects were educators from a middle sized urban school district in Niagara County in upstate New York. The results of the study came from a researcher prepared questionnaire. The research found secondary and elementary school teachers to have similar attitudes regarding cursive handwriting being a necessity for the upcoming century. The discussion includes technology as well as opinions to support the teachers’ attitudes. The discrepancy ...


Preschooler’S Perception About Reading: Is There A Correlation Between Interest Level And Reading Concept Development Among Emergent Readers?, Julie Waldinger Lercher Dec 1997

Preschooler’S Perception About Reading: Is There A Correlation Between Interest Level And Reading Concept Development Among Emergent Readers?, Julie Waldinger Lercher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine preschoolers' interest levels in reading and their knowledge of basic reading concepts to determine if there is a statistically significant correlation between interest and concept development. In addition, preschoolers were asked twelve questions to determine their understanding of the reading process to see if any trends emerge such as age and sex.

Forty preschoolers (20 male--20 female), ages 3 and 4, participated in this study. The subjects were selected from preschools across Monroe County in upper New York State. Data were collected from preschoolers' teachers and in 1:1 sessions with the preschoolers. The ...


Does The Use Of Computer-Assisted Instruction With Incarcerated Adult Female Learner Impact On Reading Achievement When Compared To Classroom Instruction Without Computers?, Barbara J. Labelle Aug 1997

Does The Use Of Computer-Assisted Instruction With Incarcerated Adult Female Learner Impact On Reading Achievement When Compared To Classroom Instruction Without Computers?, Barbara J. Labelle

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The study investigated the impact of Computer-Assisted Instruction over a five month period on the reading levels of incarcerated adult female learners when compared to classroom instruction without computers. The experimental CAI group (N=20) consisted of Adult Basic Education students enrolled in school at least one module of three hours, five days a week. This group utilized Ideal Software for CAI reading instruction. The control group of non-CAI students (N=20) utilized the Adult Basic Education classroom for reading instruction without computers. They were enrolled in school at least one module of three hours, five days a week. Their ...


Do Students In The Fifth-Grade Benefit From The Writing Workshop With Regard To Their Scores On The New York State Fifth-Grade Writing Test?, Lisa E. Torrell Aug 1997

Do Students In The Fifth-Grade Benefit From The Writing Workshop With Regard To Their Scores On The New York State Fifth-Grade Writing Test?, Lisa E. Torrell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There are two very different approaches being used in classrooms today with regards to teaching writing. A traditional approach to teaching writing might include using a grammar textbook and/or a workbook. A holistic approach to teaching writing believes that students learn to write by writing. Students move through the entire writing process, from prewriting to publishing, for each piece of work they create. This is called the Writing Workshop. More current research was needed to determine if one approach was more beneficial than the other.

In this longitudinal study, both approaches were taught in separate classrooms for an entire ...


Retention In Spelling Learning Through Isolation Vs. Context Thesis, Amy L. Brotherton Aug 1997

Retention In Spelling Learning Through Isolation Vs. Context Thesis, Amy L. Brotherton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted to gain insight as to whether students retain spelling better if they learn the words through the context of literature or through the use of words in isolation.

The students used in this study were heterogeneously grouped eighth graders who attended a rural high school in western New York. Two English classes with the same teacher were used for a total of 40 students. The students were given six spelling lists. Three of the lists were taken from the novel Across Five Aprils which was being read and studied at the time. The other three lists ...


What Are The Entering And Exiting Perceptions Of Students Participating In A Reading Recovery Program In Terms Of Self-Concept As A Reader?, Donna G. Prinsen Aug 1997

What Are The Entering And Exiting Perceptions Of Students Participating In A Reading Recovery Program In Terms Of Self-Concept As A Reader?, Donna G. Prinsen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare the entering and exiting self-perceptions as readers of students participating in a Reading Recovery program. The subjects, eight first graders, attended school in Ontario or Batavia, New York. The students were referred to the Reading Recovery program by their classroom teachers and were considered to be in the lowest twenty percent of their class.

The study began in January 1997, just prior to the students' entrance into the Reading Recovery program. The students were asked fourteen questions from a researcher-designed questionnaire. The questions were read to the students in order to eliminate ...


Parents Of Children With Learning Disabilities: Attitudes Toward Education, Robin Ann Blake Aug 1997

Parents Of Children With Learning Disabilities: Attitudes Toward Education, Robin Ann Blake

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this study, twenty parents of children with learning disabilities were surveyed to discover their attitudes toward education. The subjects were selected from those eligible and those attending a voluntary support group for parents of children with learning disabilities. It was discovered that parents react differently to the initial diagnosis of a learning disability. The data showed parents felt comfortable discussing their children's progress with school officials and were willing to advocate for their children whenever necessary. However, these parents felt the school personnel needed to communicate more effectively with the parents and attempt to understand the difficulties of ...


A Survey Of Middle School Students’ Leisure Reading Attitudes And Habits As Related To Gender, Aileen C. Castine Aug 1997

A Survey Of Middle School Students’ Leisure Reading Attitudes And Habits As Related To Gender, Aileen C. Castine

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked at the relationship of gender to leisure reading in middle school students. The study used 190 students from 6th-8th grades who resided in Monroe County, New York. Of those 190, 97 were female and 93 were male. A survey was used to measure the reading attitudes and behaviors of the students. It was divided into 3 sections: 2 sections were open-ended statements and 1 section was a Likert-type scale. Answers were analyzed in terms of those that showed either a positive or negative attitude toward leisure reading. The total percentage of students from each grade that liked ...


Reading Achievement Comparison Of Special Education Students Instructed Through The Sra Corrective Reading Program, Nancy L. Novak Aug 1997

Reading Achievement Comparison Of Special Education Students Instructed Through The Sra Corrective Reading Program, Nancy L. Novak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The objective of this study was to evaluate the reading progress of middle school special education students after being administered the SRA Corrective Reading Program for the school year 1997. The students were placed in homogeneous reading groups within the program after being given a placement test.

In April of 1996, these students were given the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests (Form H) which were used as a baseline. These same students were again tested in April of 1997 using the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests (Form G) to determine if any significant growth in reading scores occurred. The testing in 1996 ...


Comparing The Relationship Of Verbal Imaging Instructions And Kindergartners' Abilities To Retell A Story, Sheelarani P. Webster Aug 1997

Comparing The Relationship Of Verbal Imaging Instructions And Kindergartners' Abilities To Retell A Story, Sheelarani P. Webster

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in kindergartners' abilities to retell a story when they were given verbal imaging instructions as compared to retelling a story when no verbal imaging instructions were given. The subjects of this study were twenty-six kindergarten children attending an urban school district in Western New York State.

The subjects listened to a chapter of a story and were asked to retell the structural elements in the chapter. The same subjects listened to another chapter of the same story, comparable in length and complexity, but this time ...


Does Grouping Based On Gender Affect A Child's Sight Word Recognition Ability And Their Affective Domain?, Tracy L. Watts Aug 1997

Does Grouping Based On Gender Affect A Child's Sight Word Recognition Ability And Their Affective Domain?, Tracy L. Watts

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to see if gender grouping could affect a student’s ability to increase his or her sight word recognition and to examine its connection to the affective domain. The subjects of this study received reading instruction in both single and dual sex groups. The subjects responded to a questionnaire regarding the affective domain.

The findings of the study imply that the treatment used did not solely affect the recognition of sight words. Both groups showed an increase in the recognition of sight words. The findings of this study do indicate that there was an ...


How Do A Regular Education Teacher And A Special Education Teacher Function Full-Time Within An Inclusion Classroom?, Lois Ann Grimes Aug 1997

How Do A Regular Education Teacher And A Special Education Teacher Function Full-Time Within An Inclusion Classroom?, Lois Ann Grimes

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate how two third-grade teachers, a regular and a special education teacher, worked together in an inclusion classroom in a rural

Western New York elementary school. The data were examined through qualitative analysis of transcribed protocols obtained by the researcher from observations of the teachers in their classroom. The findings revealed patterns of the classroom teachers which enabled the two teachers to work together in an inclusion classroom. It was concluded that time and care was taken in planning, instruction, the physical layout of the room, curriculum goals and modifications, behavior management, and ...


Assessment Of Growth Of Moral Development In Children Through Literature, Hilary Kretzer Jun 1997

Assessment Of Growth Of Moral Development In Children Through Literature, Hilary Kretzer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of children’s literature on moral growth in 3rd grade students. Twenty-eight 3rd graders from a suburban western New York school were examined, including 11 boys and 17 girls ages 8-9. The researcher uses a student survey to gauge initial student opinions/attitudes about honesty and respect. Students then undergo an 11 day classroom program in which they focus on those values through children’s literature. Results were mixed, with some students expressing confusion over survey questions, however, 31% of subjects showed an increase in their moral development ...


National Science Education Reform And Its Effect On Science Education Reform In North Carolina, Kyle A. Leonard Jun 1997

National Science Education Reform And Its Effect On Science Education Reform In North Carolina, Kyle A. Leonard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to give a historical background of the progress of elementary science education reform from a national perspective and to then show the impact of that reform on North Carolina's efforts towards elementary science education reform. A comparison is made between the National Research Council's 1996 publication of the National Science Education Standards and North Carolina's 1994 publication of the new Standard Course of Study: Science K-12. The comparison shows that North Carolina has made an effort to incorporate the national vision of science education reform into its own vision of science ...


Comparing Reading Achievement Scores Of Fifth Grade Female Students In Lutheran Schools To Those In A National Norming Group, Sharon L. Cole May 1997

Comparing Reading Achievement Scores Of Fifth Grade Female Students In Lutheran Schools To Those In A National Norming Group, Sharon L. Cole

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference between Reading Achievement scores of fifth grade Lutheran school female students compared to national norms.

Fifth grade female students (n = 20) from eight New York Lutheran elementary schools who took the Spring 1996 Stanford Achievement Reading Test were the subjects of this study. The scores were collected from eight Lutheran elementary schools and separated by gender. These scores were compared to the national Stanford

Achievement Reading scores for fifth grade level. A t test was used to analyze the data. It was determined that there ...


Improving Comprehension In The Content Area Of American History Through The Use Of Poetry Versus Content Through Prose Form For Fourth-Grade, Urban, African American Students, Vici Patanella May 1997

Improving Comprehension In The Content Area Of American History Through The Use Of Poetry Versus Content Through Prose Form For Fourth-Grade, Urban, African American Students, Vici Patanella

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored the effects on comprehension of content material taught through poetry as opposed to teaching through prose form. Subjects involved were twenty-two African American students in a fourth grade classroom within a large city school district in Western

New York. The researcher placed students into two heterogeneous groupings based on the comprehension levels from the May, 1996 Degrees of Reading Power test administered in that district.

All students involved in the study received instruction through both formats (poetry and prose) over a four day period. Students in both groups were taught content through poetry one day and received ...


Children Respond To Storytelling, Catherine Marion May 1997

Children Respond To Storytelling, Catherine Marion

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to find out directly from children what they think, feel and experience when listening to a story being told. Is the telling of stories merely a frivolous activity or a highly effective tool for resolving conflict, exploring values and enhancing language arts, and visualization skills?

The subjects were from three different classrooms. These were, respectively, a fourth grade classroom (n=13), a first grade classroom (n=9) and a kindergarten classroom (n=16). The students were exposed to the telling of two stories told by the same professional storyteller. Each group of children was ...


A Qualitative Study Of Personal Philosophies And Teaching Methods Regarding Whole Language, Christine Devlin May 1997

A Qualitative Study Of Personal Philosophies And Teaching Methods Regarding Whole Language, Christine Devlin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The term whole language is broad and open to many interpretations. This study examined two aspects of interpretation regarding whole language. The first aspect examined is the personal philosophy teachers hold regarding whole language. Secondly, this study looked at how teachers apply their philosophy into their actions in the classroom

The purpose of this descriptive study is to compare these perceptions and actions with the current body of research on whole language. This goal was accomplished by administering a survey to teachers. This survey consisted of questions regarding personal whole language philosophies and actions.

The data collected were analyzed qualitatively ...


School Uniforms: Background Of And Descriptive Research, Paula Roguski May 1997

School Uniforms: Background Of And Descriptive Research, Paula Roguski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study will examine the pros and cons of implementing a public school uniform policy along with the laws involved. By analyzing and comparing a few school districts which have created a uniform policy, a conclusion can be made about whether our public schools would have better environments if the students were dressed in uniform. This study includes information on both elementary and secondary schools in urban and suburban settings.


Fifth Graders Talk About Leisure Reading: A Series Of Focus Groups, Jodi A. Philipps May 1997

Fifth Graders Talk About Leisure Reading: A Series Of Focus Groups, Jodi A. Philipps

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover the attitudes, behaviors and interests of fifth grade students concerning leisure time reading.

The subjects consisted of nine focus groups of five students each (n=45) selected from fifth grade classes within Monroe County school districts. The schools were stratified by location including urban, suburban, and rural environments. Student selection was made by classroom teachers based on a variety of reading abilities and gender. Focus groups were interviewed regarding their leisure time reading habits, interests and behaviors. Group responses were then analyzed qualitatively and grouped into various categories.

While the results did ...


Non-Traditional Middle School Programs In The Rochester Area, Juliet L. Bolton May 1997

Non-Traditional Middle School Programs In The Rochester Area, Juliet L. Bolton

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to develop the characteristics of the non-traditional middle school programs in the Rochester area. Three programs were investigated, then compared to the literature for similarities. The programs were also compared to each other for similarities and differences.

Student, parent, teacher, and administrator surveys were conducted at all three programs. A considerable amount of data was collected. Students were asked: why were they in the program, what and how did they learn, their favorite way of learning and what would they like to learn more about. Parents were asked: why is your child in the ...


An Analysis Of Gender Bias In Newbery Medal Award Winning Books From 1985 To 1995, Julie J. Wantuck May 1997

An Analysis Of Gender Bias In Newbery Medal Award Winning Books From 1985 To 1995, Julie J. Wantuck

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Intended for use by educators, librarians, and parents, this study analyzed Newbery Medal Award winners from 1985 to 1995 for gender bias. The items under analysis included the number of females or males represented in the titles, the gender of the authors, the number of females and males as main characters, and the role of the main character(s).

The results indicate a trend toward a less biased representation of females who engaged in counter-gender-type activities more often than males. Seven (64%) of the 11 books were written by female authors while 4 (36%) were written by male authors. Females ...


The Effects Of Repeated Readings On Fluency Transference With Dysfluent Readers In The Middle School, Judith Maloney May 1997

The Effects Of Repeated Readings On Fluency Transference With Dysfluent Readers In The Middle School, Judith Maloney

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if improvement in middle school students' oral reading fluency through the Repeated Reading technique would transfer to their reading of new material.

Six dysfluent middle school students worked individually with the researcher twice a week. Each

20 minute session involved an initial recorded reading and subsequent recorded readings of a 150-300 word passage, until read at a rate of 100 words-per-minute or better. Passages were of narrative material at the subject's instructional reading level. Reading rate and word recognition accuracy were recorded graphically to enable the subject to monitor his/her ...