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Full-Text Articles in Education

Children's Optimism And Its Correlation With Parents' Perceptions, Carla Giambrone Dec 1996

Children's Optimism And Its Correlation With Parents' Perceptions, Carla Giambrone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the level of optimism in children ages seven through ten, and whether the parents of these same children could predict their children’s optimism. Children (N=19) in a suburban/rural day-care center were administered the Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire. The questionnaire measured whether or not children globalize events in their lives, whether they see positive and negative events as permanent, and whether they blame themselves or take credit for successes and failures in their lives. The questionnaire was administered to the entire group after school. The parents completed the same questionnaire without discussion with the ...


The Effects Of The Use Of Retellings On The Listening Comprehension Of First Grade Students, Michelle Seider Dec 1996

The Effects Of The Use Of Retellings On The Listening Comprehension Of First Grade Students, Michelle Seider

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined the effects of direct teaching of the use of retellings on the listening comprehension of twenty-two first grade students from a public elementary school in Western New York. The examiner administered the listening comprehension portion of The Bader Reading and Language Inventory to determine the students' listening comprehension levels prior to completing the treatment. The students were also asked to do a retelling, which was recorded on audiotape, prior to the treatment.

Each student spent two months participating in the direct instruction of the use of retellings. The procedure was modeled and the students were given many ...


The Relationship Between Regents Competency Test Writing Scores Of Special Education High School Students In A Self-Contained Classroom And Special Education High School Students In A Mainstreamed Classroom, Cynthia Marie Brandt Dec 1996

The Relationship Between Regents Competency Test Writing Scores Of Special Education High School Students In A Self-Contained Classroom And Special Education High School Students In A Mainstreamed Classroom, Cynthia Marie Brandt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in the mean scores of the Regents Competency Test in Writing between special education high school students in a mainstreamed English class and special education high school students in a self-contained English class. To determine this, twenty-five special education students in the eleventh grade were asked to participate in this study. The students were selected from a district in Monroe County in New York State. Fourteen of the students were in a mainstreamed English class. The remaining fourteen students were in a self-contained English class ...


A Comparison Of A Literature Based Approach With A Textbook Based Approach In Secondary Social Studies, Carroll Wetherby Dec 1996

A Comparison Of A Literature Based Approach With A Textbook Based Approach In Secondary Social Studies, Carroll Wetherby

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of using a literature based approach to instruction with a traditional textbook based approach in the content area of social studies. The study was performed at the secondary level, with eleventh grade students, in a four week unit on the Civil War and period of Reconstruction in United States history.

A treatment and control group were used in a pretest – posttest design. The sample consisted of 50 students. One class (n = 26) was instructed through the use of a literature based approach. The other class (n = 24) was instructed through ...


Deaf Students’ Metacognitive Awareness Of The Reading Process And The Characteristics They Feel Are Inherent In Proficient Readers, Suzanne R. Shafer Sep 1996

Deaf Students’ Metacognitive Awareness Of The Reading Process And The Characteristics They Feel Are Inherent In Proficient Readers, Suzanne R. Shafer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted to gain insight into deaf students' awareness of the skills and strategies they utilize during the reading process and those they feel are inherent in proficient readers. The subjects involved in this study included fourteen tenth-grade and thirteen fourth-grade deaf students taking Language Arts/English classes from various residential and nonresidential school districts in Monroe County. The students were given the Index of Reading Awareness (IRA) developed by Jacobs and Paris (1987) in the form of a questionnaire. The questionnaires were completed independently or with the help of an interpreter or teacher of the deaf to ...


A Holistic Comparison Of The Writing Abilities Of First-Grade Students Who Attended Either Full-Day Or Half-Day Kindergarten, Kirsten Carey Aug 1996

A Holistic Comparison Of The Writing Abilities Of First-Grade Students Who Attended Either Full-Day Or Half-Day Kindergarten, Kirsten Carey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Limited research has been conducted to compare full-day and half-day kindergarten programs. Most studies examined reading and math achievement. Standardized tests were generally used to measure achievement. Virtually no studies have been conducted to assess and compare writing proficiency of full-day and half-day students.

The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in the writing scores of first grade students who attended either a full-day or half-day kindergarten program the previous year. Holistic scoring was used in keeping with the need for authentic assessment.

The writings of 65 first-grade students from two rural school districts were examined and ...


Some Effects Of Directed Imaging Instruction As Reported By High School Freshman, Rose-Marie Meyer-Love Aug 1996

Some Effects Of Directed Imaging Instruction As Reported By High School Freshman, Rose-Marie Meyer-Love

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to gain insight on any self-described advantages and/or disadvantages to students of the direct teaching of imaging which will lead to a better understanding of the imaging process. Ultimately, this should lead to improving teaching methods used in imaging instruction.

The subjects were 52 students from two freshman Regents-level English classes in a suburban district in western New York. The program was designed to determine if the direct teaching of imaging had any impact upon students' reading.

The treatment consisted of the direct teaching of imaging and the practice of this technique over ...


The Effects Of The Replication Of An Experimental Reading And Thinking Strategies Curriculum On The Reading Comprehension And Metacognitive Skills Of Third Grade Students, Barbara A. Dougherty Aug 1996

The Effects Of The Replication Of An Experimental Reading And Thinking Strategies Curriculum On The Reading Comprehension And Metacognitive Skills Of Third Grade Students, Barbara A. Dougherty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the effectiveness of improving the reading comprehension of third grade students through the direct instruction of metacognitive strategies by teaching an experimental curriculum of Reading and Thinking Strategies (Paris, 1989). Awareness of strategy use was also addressed.

Thirty third-grade students from a rural setting made up the control and experimental groups. The experimental group received twenty weeks of metacognitive strategy instruction taught twice a week. Cloze tests and strategy awareness tests were administered as pre and posttests to determine reading comprehension improvement. Results indicated that students instructed in metacognitive strategies improved their reading comprehension.


Parental Reactions To A Computerized Reading Portfolio, Michele J. Dovan Aug 1996

Parental Reactions To A Computerized Reading Portfolio, Michele J. Dovan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Eighteen second graders participated in an oral reading assessment program that was intended to determine parents' reactions to an electronic reading portfolio. The Grady Profile was used to record and store data and oral reading samples for the children twice over a four month period. At the end of the four months, individual conferences gave parents an opportunity to listen to their child's reading performance and discuss anecdotal notes regarding comprehension, fluency, and general reading skills made by the teacher. At the end of the conference, the parents were asked to fill out a survey which indicated the degree ...


The Relationship Between Home Environment And Reading Achievement, Kerry Bell Jul 1996

The Relationship Between Home Environment And Reading Achievement, Kerry Bell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if research previously conducted was a replica to the data collected on the amount of family literacy present in the homes of high achieving and low achieving readers. Forty third grade and forty fourth grade students from a rural district in western New York constituted the subjects of this study.

The students were divided into two groups - high and low achieving readers based on their recent total reading score on the Stanford .Achievement Test. An anonymous survey was sent home to the parents of these students to collect information about their family ...


Case Study: The Combined Effects Of The Neurological Impress Method And The Educational Therapy Approach Upon An Adult Disabled Reader, Paula A. Mosman Jul 1996

Case Study: The Combined Effects Of The Neurological Impress Method And The Educational Therapy Approach Upon An Adult Disabled Reader, Paula A. Mosman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The adult remedial reader often exhibits diverse needs which are necessary to be taken into consideration amid remediation efforts. Low self-esteem, sense of failure, and dependency upon trusted teachers, family, and friends briefly describe the obstacles which the adult learner must contend with. This is a case study of a 38 year old woman attending Adult Basic Education classes in an urban community. Despite having progressed through the twelfth grade, her educational experiences were generally inconsistent and academically unsuccessful. The subject read at a second grade independent reading level and exhibited great need in phonological awareness at the initial stages ...


Inclusion In The Middle School Science Classroom, Bridget M. Taverna Jul 1996

Inclusion In The Middle School Science Classroom, Bridget M. Taverna

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Chief Justice, Earl Warren, in the Supreme Court decision Brown v. the Board of Education, stated that public education was foundational to good citizenship. Access, therefore, to public education should be upheld by all as a necessary part of development for tomorrow’s citizenry. However, segregation of developmentally challenged students existed well past this famous court decision. This thesis project discusses the impact of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, and subsequent legislation, as it bears on handicapped and disabled children’s access to public education in America. This year-long study examines the LRE (least restrictive educational ...


The Correlations Between Teacher Assessment Of Second Graders’ Reading Abilities And Their Performance On Subtests Of The Test Of Cognitive Skills, Melissa A. Keck May 1996

The Correlations Between Teacher Assessment Of Second Graders’ Reading Abilities And Their Performance On Subtests Of The Test Of Cognitive Skills, Melissa A. Keck

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between teacher assessment of students'

reading abilities and the students' performance on the subtests of the Test of Cognitive Skills – Second Edition - Level 1. The need for the study was prompted by the movement of districts to utilize more authentic means of assessing reading ability and explore their consequent validity. It was also to determine if teachers are focusing in a particular cognitive domain when assessing the reading abilities of their students.

Fifty-five heterogeneously grouped third grade students who attend an intermediate school in a western New York suburb served ...


The Effect Of Background Music On Reading Comprehension Test Scores, Ann S. Demers May 1996

The Effect Of Background Music On Reading Comprehension Test Scores, Ann S. Demers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of background music on reading comprehension. Would the playing of background music positively affect the scores on a reading comprehension test?

A statistical analysis of pretest scores from the Degree of Reading Power test revealed that both classes were of equal reading ability at the onset of the study.

The experimental classroom listened to Mozart's Concerto No. 21, C Major, K. 467 for several weeks prior to the study being conducted, during Sustained Silent Reading time.

The Metropolitan Achievement Test - Form L was administered to both classes as a ...


Language Interactions Between Parent And Child During A Shared Reading Storytime, Lynda S. Krens May 1996

Language Interactions Between Parent And Child During A Shared Reading Storytime, Lynda S. Krens

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the language interactions between a parent and child during a shared reading storytime. Children from a Head Start program were videotaped with a parent "reading" a wordless picture book. Transcripts were taken from these videos and the language between the parent and the child was examined. Positive and negative interactions were noted, as well as child initiated and parent initiated interactions. The data were analyzed and implications for further research and classroom practice were discussed.


Study On The Effectiveness Of A Videocassette Program Approach For Parental Involvement In An Urban School, Jose A. Mora Apr 1996

Study On The Effectiveness Of A Videocassette Program Approach For Parental Involvement In An Urban School, Jose A. Mora

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the initial effectiveness of the program, Staying Connected: Parents in Kindergarten as an additional tool to supplement the efforts of one school in Rochester, NY to promote parental involvement. The subjects were sixty-four respondents to a survey sent to all the families (137) with children in the kindergarten classes for the 1994-1995 school year. The survey was designed to obtain information on parent perceptions about the content and quality of the program as well as their receptiveness to the general idea of using videocassette technology as a tool for parental involvement. A ...


Case Study: Effects Of A Systematic Method Of Vocabulary Instruction On A Disabled Learner, Sharon A. Barrett-Bassi Apr 1996

Case Study: Effects Of A Systematic Method Of Vocabulary Instruction On A Disabled Learner, Sharon A. Barrett-Bassi

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This descriptive case study examined the effects of instruction in a systematic method of vocabulary instruction which included a mnemonic component on the fifteen-year-old learning disabled female with memory deficits. The researcher and subject met for nine forty-five minute sessions over a period of four weeks. At the end of the study, changes in the subject included increased self-confidence about her ability to learn vocabulary independently. She gained the confidence to volunteer vocabulary related answers in another class, a behavior which the subject reported was something she would not have previously done. She was able to write definitions for 21 ...