Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Education

Preschool Teachers’ Stated Approaches To Imaginary Companion Behavior Among Preschool Students, Sharon Rose Stevens Dec 1992

Preschool Teachers’ Stated Approaches To Imaginary Companion Behavior Among Preschool Students, Sharon Rose Stevens

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the responses of preschool teachers toward students with imaginary companions, in particular, their reactions to situations involving imaginary companions in the classroom settings.

Past research has focused on reflections of individuals who have had imaginary companions in childhood. Professional attitudes toward these children have ranged from very positive to suggestive of mental illness, requiring treatment.

The subjects were 27 female preschool teachers currently teaching nursery school in the western New York region. Eight hypothetical imaginary companion scenarios were devised. Each scenario was comprised of three to five short sentences. Subjects responded to ...


Kindergarten Teachers’ And Parents’ Opinions Toward Preschool Program Curricula And The Methods Of Teaching, Donna Korona Roethel Dec 1992

Kindergarten Teachers’ And Parents’ Opinions Toward Preschool Program Curricula And The Methods Of Teaching, Donna Korona Roethel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in order to investigate and to compare the opinions of kindergarten teachers and parents of kindergarten children toward preschool program curricula and the methods of teaching preschool.

The subjects consisted of sixteen teachers and twenty parents. These participants were asked to complete a survey. The survey given to the teachers asked them their views concerning different aspects involving preschool programs. The parent survey asked the parents questions concerning the same matter. Fifty percent of the teachers and parents were later interviewed to gather further information on their opinions toward preschools. Different interview questions were presented to ...


Observations Of Emergent Literary Behaviors In A Literacy-Enriched Play Environment: Does Teacher Guidance Make A Difference?, Cheryl M. Totten Sep 1992

Observations Of Emergent Literary Behaviors In A Literacy-Enriched Play Environment: Does Teacher Guidance Make A Difference?, Cheryl M. Totten

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was completed to investigate whether there are differences in emergent literacy behaviors between a teacher guided literacy-enriched play environment and a literacy-enriched play environment without teacher guidance.

This study occurred over a five week period. During the first week, base-line data were collected using qualitative naturalistic observations where literacy behaviors were recorded during spontaneous play. The play area was literacy-enriched with play centers, environmental print, and literacy props. Six four-year olds were exposed to the environment for a half hour daily. During the first week of treatment, three of the subjects received teacher guidance / modeling while they played ...


To Sing Or Not To Sing: The Effect Of Singing On Recall Of Nursery Rhymes With Preschoolers, Nancy L. Kogler Aug 1992

To Sing Or Not To Sing: The Effect Of Singing On Recall Of Nursery Rhymes With Preschoolers, Nancy L. Kogler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Much research has been cited which notes a positive regard for the incorporation of music and singing with young children. The study conducted here sought to examine which method of presentation of four selected nursery rhymes, singing or read-aloud, would promote greater recall efficacy with four year olds.

The study included fifty-seven four year olds who participated in a two part study. The subjects were divided into two groups, Group A and Group B. For Part One of the study, Group A heard Rhymes One and Two through a read-aloud book experience and Group B heard the same rhymes through ...


Diagnostic Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Ascertain Spanish Reading Proficiency, Ivette V. Robles Aug 1992

Diagnostic Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Ascertain Spanish Reading Proficiency, Ivette V. Robles

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of information theory as a testing reading proficiency of bilingual students. This study is not an attempt to analyze mistakes or to debate which reading proficiency test is the best in testing Spanish language abilities or expertise. This test was constructed to determine the readability and the validity of information theory as a testing tool. A second purpose was to determine whether this technique could help increase the student's ability to comprehend reading material at his/her level of language learning. A third purpose was to try to develop ...


Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Special Education Students In Regular Classrooms, Gail Lysenko Aug 1992

Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Special Education Students In Regular Classrooms, Gail Lysenko

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of teachers toward special education students and toward integrating them into regular classrooms.

The subjects involved were 269 teachers from an upstate New York suburban school district. Of those 269 subjects, 247 were regular education teachers and 22 were special education teachers. They were from nine different schools within the district (5 elementary, 2 middle schools, and 2 high schools).

There were two different surveys used in this study, one for regular education teachers and one for special education teachers. They were asked to fill out the survey anonymously and ...


Spelling In The Middle School: The Testing Of Three Teacher Approaches, Karen A. Imburgia Aug 1992

Spelling In The Middle School: The Testing Of Three Teacher Approaches, Karen A. Imburgia

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The objective of this study was to evaluate three current practices in the teaching of spelling to see if these approaches were effective. These approaches were the teaching of spelling rules, the practice of independently assigned word lists, and the teaching of syllabication to aid in the memorization of list words.

Each method was also compared to see if any one approach was more effective than another. The subjects of this study were 51 twelve year olds heterogeneously grouped into three seventh grade classes. Data were collected from identical teacher-made pre and posttests. Posttests were administered six weeks after direct ...


The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto Aug 1992

The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Previous research indicates that children involved in a literature based reading program are actively involved in the task of reading. Research also indicates that children in literature based programs made significantly higher gains in reading versus their peers in a basal reading program. In the present study three classrooms of third graders, all of which were using a form of literature based reading instruction, were compared to determine the effect of the respective reading program on comprehension. Literature based reading programs used were student selected literature based reading, whole class literature based reading, and teacher pre-grouped literature based reading. The ...


An Evaluation Of Instructional Grouping And Achievement Within An Accelerated Science Program, John Mark Prouty Jul 1992

An Evaluation Of Instructional Grouping And Achievement Within An Accelerated Science Program, John Mark Prouty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis was designed to determine if an accelerated science program had an effect on the performance of accelerates and nonaccelerates on New York State Regents Exams.

Four groups of students representing 54 students were used in the study. Two groups were heterogeneous and two were homogeneous. A t - test analysis was performed to determine if a significant difference in Regents exams existed due to instructional grouping.

Results indicated that this study has shown that no statistically significant difference in scores occurred due to instructional grouping.


Bridging The Skills Gap: Employers’ Needs Vs. Vocational Education Students’ Perceived Capabilities, Barbara Ann Riley Jun 1992

Bridging The Skills Gap: Employers’ Needs Vs. Vocational Education Students’ Perceived Capabilities, Barbara Ann Riley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived worker qualities of vocational education students who have participated in a job training program for at least one year. In addition, this study also endeavored to reveal what these students rated as the five most important worker qualities needed for their future employment.

Sixty high school students enrolled in the WE-MO-CO Vocational Education and Technological Center participated in this study. This job training program enrolls students from 11 public high schools and two private educational institutions in western Orleans/Monroe County, New York.

A Survey of Worker Qualities was administered ...


New York State Migrant Education Program And Its Impact On Students In The Brockport Tutorial Outreach Project, Dolly Jackson-Williams May 1992

New York State Migrant Education Program And Its Impact On Students In The Brockport Tutorial Outreach Project, Dolly Jackson-Williams

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In spite of their problems the Migrant Education Program still provides effective assistance to the migrant population. It is surprising to note that many educators have no knowledge of the lifestyle and the educational process that the migrant students have to contend, in order to receive an appropriate education. Sadly, many educators do not know how to address the academic needs of the migrant students in their classroom. Because of this lack of knowledge, the special needs of the migrant child go unmet. Conversely, when a teacher knows he/she has a migrant child in class and sets out to ...


Exploring Middle Childhood Reading Responses To Self-Selected Books: A Look At Evaluative And Emotional Responses, Developmental Stages And Personal Associations, Susan M. Codding May 1992

Exploring Middle Childhood Reading Responses To Self-Selected Books: A Look At Evaluative And Emotional Responses, Developmental Stages And Personal Associations, Susan M. Codding

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The research for this study centered around three questions: 1. Do children respond emotionally and thoughtfully to the books they read, and are they able to explain these emotional and evaluative responses? 2. Does the book appeal to a child because it reflects the developmental stage of the child? 3. Does the book generate any personal associations for the child?

Fifty children from a rural-suburban school district in western New York State took part in this study. The children were members of one fifth-grade and one second-grade literature-based classroom, which represent the beginning and ending ages of the middle childhood ...


Veteran Teachers’ Perception Of Changes Over Time In The Kindergarten, Patrick James Mercer May 1992

Veteran Teachers’ Perception Of Changes Over Time In The Kindergarten, Patrick James Mercer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate and document the changes that kindergarten teachers have seen take place in kindergarten and to record kindergarten teachers' opinions of these changes.

A pilot study was conducted to narrow down the changes that have taken place in kindergarten. Three kindergarten teachers with various years of teaching kindergarten were used. Ten common threads of commentary were chosen and used as the basis for the actual study.

Seventeen kindergarten teachers with nine or more years of teaching experience in kindergarten were the subjects. All seventeen kindergarten teachers were personally interviewed by the same researcher ...


Perceptions Of Regular And Special Education Teachers Participating In An Integrated Program, Lynne Andrews May 1992

Perceptions Of Regular And Special Education Teachers Participating In An Integrated Program, Lynne Andrews

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the experience and attitudes of the regular and special education teachers who are participating in a program which utilizes the consultant teacher model to support the inclusion of children with handicapping conditions.

The subjects were the teachers from grades one through eight who are taking part in the integrated special education program of a rural district. Thirty-eight regular and special education teachers completed a questionnaire about their professional preparation and their experiences with the integrated program. The questionnaire also invited their comments and suggestions for improving the program. The data from the ...


Evaluation Of A Stress Management Program Effectiveness For Preschool Children, Pnina C. Herzbrun May 1992

Evaluation Of A Stress Management Program Effectiveness For Preschool Children, Pnina C. Herzbrun

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Thirty-two preschool children from a day care center in suburban Rochester, New York participated as an experimental group in a study to evaluate a Stress Management Program. The program was designed to provide the children with different relaxation techniques for coping with stress. Thirty four preschool children from a second day care center, also in suburban Rochester, served as the control group. It was hypothesized that the stress management program would be effective in reducing the level of stress in the treatment group as contrasted with the control group. Material included a short form of the Preschool Behavior Questionnaire (PBQ-S ...


A Comparison Study Between The Peer Relations Of Only Children And Children With Siblings, Katrina J. Schaller May 1992

A Comparison Study Between The Peer Relations Of Only Children And Children With Siblings, Katrina J. Schaller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the peer relations of only children at the primary grade level, K-2. The difference between the peer relations of only children and the peer relations of children with siblings was investigated. Teachers in a suburban Western New York school district were asked to fill out surveys for each of the only children in their classrooms and the children with siblings that the researcher randomly selected. The study was designed to determine if, on 10 items, there was a significant difference between the peer relationships of only children and children with siblings. A ...


A Comparison Of Two Strategies To Teach Spelling To Students Who Are Learning Disabled, Christine Gay Apr 1992

A Comparison Of Two Strategies To Teach Spelling To Students Who Are Learning Disabled, Christine Gay

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Spelling is often frustrating for students with learning disabilities. They may seem to 'learn’ the words because the words are spelled correctly on a weekly spelling list. However, the spellings may be forgotten the minute the test is over. The purpose of this study was to compare two spelling strategies to teach spelling to students with learning disabilities to determine if one helped them to retain the words better. The first strategy involved traditional activities, such as putting the words in alphabetical order. A weekly spelling test was administered. The second strategy was student-monitored. The students started with a bank ...


Predictors Of Success On The New York State Earth Science Regents Examination, Elaine Matthews Welch Apr 1992

Predictors Of Success On The New York State Earth Science Regents Examination, Elaine Matthews Welch

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The 1970 New York State Earth Science Regents Syllabus targeted students who displayed a high degree of ability and interest in science. The State Education Department has been reluctant to define exactly what constitutes a higher ability and interest. However it has often been suggested to represent the top 10 to 25% of any given class. This can lead parents and teachers to wonder if there is a factor that can predict a student’s performance. This master thesis examines a number of variables to determine if any of them can be used to help predict the probability of success ...