Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Education

Code Switching Ability Of Deaf Students And Its Relationship To Reading Comprehension Performance, Michelle M. Nesbit Dec 1988

Code Switching Ability Of Deaf Students And Its Relationship To Reading Comprehension Performance, Michelle M. Nesbit

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between deaf students’ ability to code switch for ASL to written English and their reading comprehension performance.

A t-test was used to test the hypotheses presented in this study. The correlations between code switching ability and reading comprehension performance were established.

The findings of this study indicated that a strong correlation exists between deaf students' code switching ability and their reading comprehension performance. The findings of this study also showed a significant difference between the code switching scores of deaf students of deaf parents and deaf students of hearing parents ...


The Effects Of Early Entrance To Kindergarten On Reading Achievement, Jonathan Malcolm Sanford Aug 1988

The Effects Of Early Entrance To Kindergarten On Reading Achievement, Jonathan Malcolm Sanford

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the effects of kindergarten entrance age on reading achievement scores at the end of first and sixth grade. The subjects in. this study were one hundred nineteen first grade students and ninety sixth grade students attending classes at the Albion Central School, a small rural district located in Western New York State.

Subjects were identified as either early or later kindergarten entrants. The Stanford Achievement Test (1982) was administered in May 1986 to measure subjects' total reading achievement.

A Chi-square test of independence was calculated for the categories of early and later kindergarten entrants. A separate Chi-square ...


Heterogeneous Versus Homogeneous Grouping For Instruction For Grades Five Through Eight, Timothy H. Tanea Aug 1988

Heterogeneous Versus Homogeneous Grouping For Instruction For Grades Five Through Eight, Timothy H. Tanea

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

It was the purpose of this study to compare two methods of grouping students in the classroom. A group of 30 students (15 girls, 15 boys) who were homogeneously grouped and then heterogeneously grouped were tested for significant differences in their SAT (Stanford Achievement Test) Reading, Language, and Math scores. There was a significant difference found between the homogeneous and heterogeneous groupings at the .05 level. The results indicate that grouping students homogeneously would be the better method of grouping. Other conclusions and recommendations are made based on the above findings.


The Influence Of The Motivational Probe Technique On The Linguistic Domain Of The Detroit Tests Of Learning Aptitude-2 Testing Ld And Emr Students, Rochelle S. Blanchard Aug 1988

The Influence Of The Motivational Probe Technique On The Linguistic Domain Of The Detroit Tests Of Learning Aptitude-2 Testing Ld And Emr Students, Rochelle S. Blanchard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the motivational probe technique on the posttest scores of learning disabled and educable mentally retarded students using the Word Opposites and Conceptual Matching subtests taken from the DTLA-2. The effect of individual testing was evaluated by a pre-probe and post-probe scoring of results. A dependent t test was used to test the hypotheses presented in this study. The findings of this study indicated that the motivational probe technique enabled both EMR and LD groups to score significantly higher on each of the four tests.


The Effects Of Story Retelling On Kindergarten Children's Listening Comprehension, Michele Nesbitt Borello Aug 1988

The Effects Of Story Retelling On Kindergarten Children's Listening Comprehension, Michele Nesbitt Borello

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Nineteen kindergarten children from a rural school participated in a story retelling treatment program. The program was designed to determine if story retelling was effective in increasing the listening comprehension scores of the participants. Eighteen students served as a control group.

Materials included The California Achievement Test Level 10 Form E for the pretest and the posttest. The comprehension subtest of the CAT was administered to examine the students' abilities in listening comprehension.

For a period of three weeks, students in the treatment group had twelve stories read aloud to them. Following eight of the read aloud sessions the children ...


An Investigation Of Kindergarten Children’S Concepts Related To Reading In Emergent Literacy, Rhonda Aileen Smith Mannara Aug 1988

An Investigation Of Kindergarten Children’S Concepts Related To Reading In Emergent Literacy, Rhonda Aileen Smith Mannara

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the literacy concepts related to reading that children have acquired by the end of kindergarten. A secondary purpose was to examine the relationship between these concepts and reading comprehension ability as indicated by performance on a standardized reading achievement test.

The subjects of this study were twenty kindergarten children randomly selected from six heterogeneous classes totaling 122 students. The students were interviewed individually and administered Clay's (1979) Concepts About Print test (CAP) entitled "Stones." The semi-structured interview was given to each child to determine the child's understanding of the ...


An Investigation Of The Test/Retest Stability Of The Stanford Achievement Test, Judy A. Misiurewicz Jul 1988

An Investigation Of The Test/Retest Stability Of The Stanford Achievement Test, Judy A. Misiurewicz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the stability of three subtests of the Stanford Achievement Test. It further analyzed reliability and validity assessment of standardized tests in general, with particular emphasis on their measurement of reading ability. It clarified the position of stability assessment within a total evaluation framework. The subjects of the study were 39 fourth grade students from an urban upstate New York Catholic school district. The Reading Comprehension, Word Study Skills and Vocabulary subtests of the Stanford Achievement Test, Intermediate Level l, Form E were administered to the subjects by their regular classroom teachers during the third week of May ...


The Relationship Between A Specific Stress Management Program And The Reading Attitudes Of First Grade Students, Mark Bower Jul 1988

The Relationship Between A Specific Stress Management Program And The Reading Attitudes Of First Grade Students, Mark Bower

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the Kiddie QR stress management technique would affect the reading attitude of first grade students. It was also the intent of the investigation to examine whether the subjects of the treatment group, identified as least stressed and most stressed, would make gains in reading attitude.

Statistical analysis of pre and post reading attitude scores of the treatment and control groups revealed the following results: There was no significant difference in the reading attitudes of the treatment group as compared to the control group after the former received instruction in Kiddie QR ...


High School Students’ Knowledge Of Aids, Donna L. Yeskey Jul 1988

High School Students’ Knowledge Of Aids, Donna L. Yeskey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The AIDS epidemic is a serious issue. With no cure currently existing, one of the best defenses against this disease is education and awareness. Is there a relationship between gender and knowledge? Will the level of knowledge increase with additional years of instruction? Can a student’s knowledge increase through outside materials? This master thesis explores all of these questions concerning high school students’ knowledge of AIDS.

A survey was taken in a public high school within Monroe County New York. 79 ninth grade students and 77 eleventh grade students participated in a survey. The survey was composed of 35 ...


The Effects Of Sustained Silent Reading And Sustained Silent Writing On The Reading Attitudes Of Fourth Grade Students, Donald Mark Voorheis Jul 1988

The Effects Of Sustained Silent Reading And Sustained Silent Writing On The Reading Attitudes Of Fourth Grade Students, Donald Mark Voorheis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sustained silent reading and sustained silent writing on the reading attitudes of fourth grade students. The sample consisted of twenty-eight fourth grade students in a self-contained general classroom in a suburban community. Fourteen students made up the treatment group and fourteen students made up the control group. A modified form of the Estes Reading Attitude Scale was used as a pretreatment equivalency measure for both groups. The treatment group was involved with daily fifteen minute periods of sustained silent reading or sustained silent writing for a period of ...


Using The Translated Concepts About Print Test By Marie Clay With Bilingual Kindergarten Students, Rose K. Boice Jul 1988

Using The Translated Concepts About Print Test By Marie Clay With Bilingual Kindergarten Students, Rose K. Boice

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether Marie Clay's test, Concepts About Print, can be translated into Spanish and used with Puerto Rican bilingual Kindergarten students to diagnose problems areas and predict reading success.


The Effect Of Direct Instruction Of Main Idea And Supporting Details On Expository Passages: A Multi-Sensory Approach, Patricia C. Thomas May 1988

The Effect Of Direct Instruction Of Main Idea And Supporting Details On Expository Passages: A Multi-Sensory Approach, Patricia C. Thomas

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of direct instruction of main idea and supporting details on expository passages using a multi-sensory approach.

The subjects of this study were 32 ninth, tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grade remedial reading and writing students in a rural high school in Western New York State.

All subjects were administered a researcher-designed pretest using expository passages. A main idea question and a supporting detail question were given for each of six passages. Three separate treatment lessons were administered using a visual, tactile, and auditory approach. A posttest, designed to be equal in ...


The Effects Of Story Previews On The Reading Comprehension Of Ninth Grade Students, Kate Klehn May 1988

The Effects Of Story Previews On The Reading Comprehension Of Ninth Grade Students, Kate Klehn

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined the effects of story previews on fifty ninth grade students from a public high school in Western New York. The students were divided into two groups: Group A and Group B. In Phase I of the study, students in Group A received the preview treatment, while students in Group B received the treatment without the preview. In Phase II of the study, students in Group B received the treatment with the preview, and students in Group A received the treatment without the preview. Materials included two potentially difficult short stories, two teacher-made previews, and two teacher-made multiple ...


The Effects Of Sustained Silent Reading On Fourth Grade Students' Reading Attitudes, Karen Carges May 1988

The Effects Of Sustained Silent Reading On Fourth Grade Students' Reading Attitudes, Karen Carges

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to initiate a Sustained Silent Reading (SSR) program into two fourth grade classrooms in order to determine whether the use of quiet reading time in the classroom changes attitudes about reading.


An Investigation Of Fifth Graders Reported Reading Style Perceptual Preferences And Reading Achievement, Bethann Abballe Sanford May 1988

An Investigation Of Fifth Graders Reported Reading Style Perceptual Preferences And Reading Achievement, Bethann Abballe Sanford

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

One hundred twenty-one fifth grade students attending a rural public school and of a mixed socioeconomic and academic background were surveyed to determine their perceptual reading style preferences. The Reading Style Inventory (RSI) was used to obtain the perceptual preferences the subjects preferred during reading activities.

Reading Achievement scores were obtained from the results of the Stanford Achievement Test, administered in May of the subjects fourth year.

The study was designed to determine if there was a significant relationship between the reported preference in the reading style element of perception and the reading achievement of above average, average and below ...


Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Proficiency In Solving Word Problems Versus Computational Problems, Elaine M. Morgan Apr 1988

Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Proficiency In Solving Word Problems Versus Computational Problems, Elaine M. Morgan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if preservice elementary teachers are able to solve word problems as proficiently as they can perform related computational problems on a word problem inventory. The subjects were 44 preservice elementary teachers at SUNY College at Brockport, Brockport, NY. They were enrolled in a course titled Methods in the Teaching of Elementary School Mathematics. A word problem inventory was created for this study by selecting word problems from the

Addison-Wesley Mathematics series for grades 4 to 8. The inventory consisted of two parts, word problems on part 1 and computations on part 2 ...


The Effect Of Cooperative Learning On Test Performance, James T. Hahn Apr 1988

The Effect Of Cooperative Learning On Test Performance, James T. Hahn

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if cooperative learning in the form of study games could have an effect on student test performance. The subjects were 96 eighth grade students at a suburban New York State school. The 96 students were divided into 4 classes of 24 each. The course that the students were enrolled in was physical science, which was a mandatory course at this particular school. The cooperative learning technique of utilizing games as a means of study was developed by Robert E. Slavin, at Johns Hopkins University. The particular series and steps of the games ...


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Environmental Print, Similar Words Not Derived From Environmental Print, And Reading Achievement Of First Grade Students, Kathryn Cosgrove Apr 1988

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Environmental Print, Similar Words Not Derived From Environmental Print, And Reading Achievement Of First Grade Students, Kathryn Cosgrove

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate if first graders would be more successful at decoding words derived from environmental print as compared to graphically similar words not derived from environmental print. First graders with high reading achievement and first graders with low reading achievement were also examined to see if they were more successful at decoding words derived from environmental print as compared to graphically similar words not derived from environmental print.

The subjects consisted of 79 first graders from a single rural elementary school who had had eight months of formal reading instruction. The subjects were asked ...