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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Exploratory Attempt To Measure Certain Comprehension Skills Necessary For The Critical Reading Of Two, Topic-Related Expository Selections, Patricia F. Borowiec Dec 1978

An Exploratory Attempt To Measure Certain Comprehension Skills Necessary For The Critical Reading Of Two, Topic-Related Expository Selections, Patricia F. Borowiec

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to describe the results of a researcher-constructed, critical reading assessment administered to 224 college students (133 first-year students and 91 third-year students) enrolled in a three-year degree program. Subjects were tested on two, longer, topic-related, expository selections.

Statistical analysis indicated that total performance score and type of conclusion reached about the selections read were significantly related to the ability to recognize overgeneralizations and contrasting views. Analysis also indicated that those subjects (a) with the higher academic averages, (b) who were humanities majors, (c) had a New York State regents diploma, and/or were college ...


The Effects Of Criterion-Referenced Reading Program On Attitude And Achievement, Jeannie P. Garnes Dec 1978

The Effects Of Criterion-Referenced Reading Program On Attitude And Achievement, Jeannie P. Garnes

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between the scores of third grade students on a criterion-referenced reading test and their attitudes toward reading. The instruments used were the Spencerport/Houghton Mifflin Criterion-Referenced Test-Read (CRT) and the Fiddler Reading Attitude Questionnaire (FRAT). There were two heterogeneously grouped classes involved, a total of fifty-two students.

Statistical analysis indicated that the correlation of the results of the pretests showed a significant relationship between positive attitude toward reading and successful performance on the CRT. The analysis of the post test results failed to show a significant correlation between attitude and ...


The Effects Of A Directed Reading-Thinking Approach In The Teaching Of Reading On The General Reading Comprehension Scores And Inferential Comprehension Scores Of Third Grade Students, Sheila V. Slusser Nov 1978

The Effects Of A Directed Reading-Thinking Approach In The Teaching Of Reading On The General Reading Comprehension Scores And Inferential Comprehension Scores Of Third Grade Students, Sheila V. Slusser

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of a directed reading-thinking approach in the teaching of reading on the general and inferential comprehension scores of third grade students of average reading ability. The subjects consisted of 32 third grade students, 17 males and 15 females, of average reading ability. The subjects were divided into two comparable average reading groups. One group was assigned as the control group and followed a regular basal reading program. The other group was designated as the experimental group and was taught by this investigator using a directed reading-thinking approach in the teaching ...


An Investigation Of The Reliability Of The Cloze Procedure Compared With Teacher Judgment For The Purpose Of Determining Instructional Reading Texts, Maryanne Eichorn Aug 1978

An Investigation Of The Reliability Of The Cloze Procedure Compared With Teacher Judgment For The Purpose Of Determining Instructional Reading Texts, Maryanne Eichorn

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Numerous investigations have been conducted to examine the cloze procedure as an assessment of both the readability of materials and reading comprehension. An extension of this research has been in the use of cloze procedure to determine performance levels. Of the research in this area, only a limited amount has been conducted that investigates the cloze procedure as a reliable predictor of instructional level as compared to teacher judgment. This study was designed to investigate the reliability of the cloze procedure as compared to teacher judgment for the purpose of placing students in an instructional reading text.

The eight participating ...


An Investigation On The Effect Of A Facilitating Visual-Verbal Method Versus The Traditional Dictionary Method On Vocabulary Development, Carla S. Katz Aug 1978

An Investigation On The Effect Of A Facilitating Visual-Verbal Method Versus The Traditional Dictionary Method On Vocabulary Development, Carla S. Katz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a facilitating visual-verbal method versus the traditional dictionary method on classroom vocabulary development. Two pretests and posttests were utilized: multiple choice and word passage. A further subtest was included to measure the pattern of noun and descriptor scores. This study incorporated 44 students who were divided into two groups. The students in the visual-verbal group illustrated their words by cutting out or by drawing pictures to accompany them. The traditional dictionary group looked up their words in the dictionary, listed a synonym or an antonym, and wrote a sentence ...


Effectiveness Of The Wark And Mogen Underlining Technique As A Study Strategy For Seventh Grade Social Studies Students, Regina E. Harbison Aug 1978

Effectiveness Of The Wark And Mogen Underlining Technique As A Study Strategy For Seventh Grade Social Studies Students, Regina E. Harbison

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A quasi-experimental, nonrandomized control, pretest-posttest design was implemented to study the effectiveness of teaching underlining using the Wark and Mogen techniques as outlined in Read, Underline, Review (1970), to 60 seventh grade social studies students. These students along with a control group of 72 seventh grade social students were selected from a suburban Monroe County school. Both groups were comparable in age, I.Q. (Otis-Lennon), and reading grade equivalent (Total Reading on Metropolitan Achievement). All 132 students were pretested on a social studies related passage and their mean comprehension test scores further determinated comparability. The treatment group received 20 minutes ...


The Cloze Procedure As A Reinforcement Technique For Content Vocabulary, Wendy S. Keeler Aug 1978

The Cloze Procedure As A Reinforcement Technique For Content Vocabulary, Wendy S. Keeler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the cloze procedure as a teaching technique for seventh grade science vocabulary. A quasi-experimental, nonrandomized, control group, pretest-posttest design was used for the study. The sample consisted of 41 students (two classes) taught by the same instructor and was equated in terms of reading levels, ages and IQ scores. One class was randomly assigned to control group status and used a variety of vocabulary exercises such as crossword puzzles, word jumbles, acrostics, categorization exercises and word searches to reinforce the content terms. The other class was the experimental group and used a ...


Should Modality Be A Consideration In The Selection Of An Approach To Beginning Reading?, Shirley Bethlehem Wallace Aug 1978

Should Modality Be A Consideration In The Selection Of An Approach To Beginning Reading?, Shirley Bethlehem Wallace

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to examine the results of an effort to select an approach to first-grade reading for each child in accordance with his modality strength as determined by an informal modality test. In their kindergarten year, 60 middle-class children with at least average intelligence were given three readiness tests, the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Metropolitan Readiness Tests, and an informal modality test. Children were grouped (four groups) for first-grade reading instruction on the basis of their scores on the informal modality test. Those whose scores indicated an auditory strength were instructed via the Open Court Correlated ...


An Investigation Of The Auditory Selective Attention Abilities Of Children Completing A Kindergarten Program, Mary Elise Dechristopher Aug 1978

An Investigation Of The Auditory Selective Attention Abilities Of Children Completing A Kindergarten Program, Mary Elise Dechristopher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the ability of beginning readers to perform auditory selective attention tasks through the use of dichotic listening tapes.

It also examined if the measurement of the task in the auditory area did complement significantly a traditional reading readiness assessment.

Subjects listened to a total of four tapes. The subjects were instructed to listen for certain categories mentioned by the female. After each tape, subjects were asked to recall those items mentioned by the female. The number of correct responses was tabulated to yield a central score. Subjects were also asked if they could recall any of the ...


An Investigation Of The Relationships Among Several Language Variables And Three Categories Of Reading Achievement, Ann Mccormick Sweeting Aug 1978

An Investigation Of The Relationships Among Several Language Variables And Three Categories Of Reading Achievement, Ann Mccormick Sweeting

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among several language variables and three categories of reading achievement. The sample, thirty second grade students, was given the Test of Language Development and The Metropolitan Achievement Test – Primary II to assess various subskil1s of language development and reading achievement. The subtest scores of these measuring devices were computer analyzed to determine correlation coefficients among the variables. Significant relationships were found between children's Picture Vocabulary competence and Comprehension, and between children’s Grammatic Understanding and Comprehension. Several variables showed negative correlations and almost no relationship existed between some of ...


Effects Of A Diagnostic-Prescriptive System On The Reading Comprehension Scores Of Fourth And Fifth Grade Students, Mary Ann Grazioplena Aug 1978

Effects Of A Diagnostic-Prescriptive System On The Reading Comprehension Scores Of Fourth And Fifth Grade Students, Mary Ann Grazioplena

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to investigate the effects of a diagnostic-prescriptive teaching system on the total reading comprehension scores of fourth and fifth grade students of varying achievements in reading. The study also examined which achievement level of students benefited the most from exposure to a diagnostic-prescriptive teaching system for reading. Three hypotheses dealing with method of instruction, achievement, and their interactions were tested. A sample, population of 108 (54 males, 54 females) fourth and fifth grade students was used. The control group utilized various basal programs. The experimental group employed various basal programs that were augmented ...


An Investigation Of The Visual Selective Attention Abilities Of Children Completing A Kindergarten Program, Carol Anne Cuccu Aug 1978

An Investigation Of The Visual Selective Attention Abilities Of Children Completing A Kindergarten Program, Carol Anne Cuccu

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the ability of children completing a kindergarten program to perform a visual selective attention task.

It also examined the data to determine if measurement of the task in the visual area would complement significantly a traditional reading readiness assessment.

Subjects were instructed to sort 25 stimulus cards according to the central feature, the Greek letter. They were told to ignore the incidental features of card shape, card background color and color of the Greek letter. The subjects were given a central score for the cards correctly grouped. After completing the task, the subjects were asked to recall ...


The Relationship Of Sex Role Stereotyped And Nonstereotyped Fiction To Achievement Motivation Imagery In Eighth Grade Honors Students, Patricia S. Canavan May 1978

The Relationship Of Sex Role Stereotyped And Nonstereotyped Fiction To Achievement Motivation Imagery In Eighth Grade Honors Students, Patricia S. Canavan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A body of research has emerged to postulate the heretofore unexplained discrepancies between the sexes as to achievement motivation. This difference has been identified as the Motive to Avoid Success (M-s).

Books convey societal values and attitudes. The characters in books provide role models for children. Since many characters in books are stereotyped with respect to sex role, it follows that children assimilate values from these models. Not the least of these values is stereotyped attitude toward role and function of gender within society.

This work was designed to study the possible relationship between the M-s in females and the ...


A Descriptive Analysis Of The Relationship Of Reading Performance And Selected Characteristics Of Pupils With Special Educational Needs, Leah Johnson May 1978

A Descriptive Analysis Of The Relationship Of Reading Performance And Selected Characteristics Of Pupils With Special Educational Needs, Leah Johnson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to identify the similarities and differences among children who are experiencing difficulty in learning to read. A review of the literature showed that physical, psychological and sociological factors including language and teacher expectations may cause reading difficulty. The literature further suggests that there is a need to assess these factors in individual learners so that reading instruction can be designed for children to experience success in reading.

The characteristics of fourteen low achieving first grade students were analyzed through data collected in a variety of ways. The data analysis included the similarities and differences within the ...