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Full-Text Articles in Education

Guided Reading: Its Effects On Reading Achievement And Attitudes, Colleen Vinciquerra Dec 2002

Guided Reading: Its Effects On Reading Achievement And Attitudes, Colleen Vinciquerra

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to analyze the effect of guided reading on second graders reading achievement. This study also examined the effect guided reading had on students' attitude towards reading.

The subjects included forty-two second graders from a rural school in western New York. There were two second grade classes who participated in the study. The experimental group received guided reading. The control group did not.

The researcher used Running Reading Records as the tool to determine the students' reading level. The students Running Reading Records were taken at the beginning of the study and again at the end of ...


The Effects Of Using The Modified Neurological Impress Method To Improve The Fluency Of Second And Third-Grade Low Achieving Readers, Denise T. Sprout May 2001

The Effects Of Using The Modified Neurological Impress Method To Improve The Fluency Of Second And Third-Grade Low Achieving Readers, Denise T. Sprout

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of using the modified neurological impress method to improve the reading fluency of five low achieving second and third grade students. All of the subjects attended a rural public elementary school in western New York. Students in the study received remedial reading support in addition to the modified NIM sessions. The study was conducted over an eight-week period. The researcher trained four parent volunteers and a classroom monitor to implement the modified NIM and recording procedures. Parent volunteers met with students four times a week for approximately 10 to 15 ...


Is Phonemic Awareness Directly Related To Reading Achievement In Fourth Grade Students?, Fredericka E. Schaefer May 1998

Is Phonemic Awareness Directly Related To Reading Achievement In Fourth Grade Students?, Fredericka E. Schaefer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked at the relationship between phonemic awareness and reading achievement in fourth grade students. The study involved 26 fourth graders from the same class at a suburban school in western New

York State. The question addressed was: Can phonemic awareness be used as a predictor of reading achievement with fourth grade students? The data were collected using the word recognition and passage comprehension sections of the Woodcock Reading Mastery Test and the Yopp-Singer Test of Phoneme Segmentation. The Pearson product-moment coefficient of correlation was calculated to determine to what extent reading ability and phonemic awareness are related. This ...


Reading Achievement Comparison Of Special Education Students Instructed Through The Sra Corrective Reading Program, Nancy L. Novak Aug 1997

Reading Achievement Comparison Of Special Education Students Instructed Through The Sra Corrective Reading Program, Nancy L. Novak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The objective of this study was to evaluate the reading progress of middle school special education students after being administered the SRA Corrective Reading Program for the school year 1997. The students were placed in homogeneous reading groups within the program after being given a placement test.

In April of 1996, these students were given the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests (Form H) which were used as a baseline. These same students were again tested in April of 1997 using the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests (Form G) to determine if any significant growth in reading scores occurred. The testing in 1996 ...


Comparing Reading Achievement Scores Of Fifth Grade Female Students In Lutheran Schools To Those In A National Norming Group, Sharon L. Cole May 1997

Comparing Reading Achievement Scores Of Fifth Grade Female Students In Lutheran Schools To Those In A National Norming Group, Sharon L. Cole

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference between Reading Achievement scores of fifth grade Lutheran school female students compared to national norms.

Fifth grade female students (n = 20) from eight New York Lutheran elementary schools who took the Spring 1996 Stanford Achievement Reading Test were the subjects of this study. The scores were collected from eight Lutheran elementary schools and separated by gender. These scores were compared to the national Stanford

Achievement Reading scores for fifth grade level. A t test was used to analyze the data. It was determined that there ...


The Effect On Special Education Students’ Behaviors Using Whole Language/Literature Based Instruction Versus Skill Based Instruction, Deborah M. Edwards Jul 1995

The Effect On Special Education Students’ Behaviors Using Whole Language/Literature Based Instruction Versus Skill Based Instruction, Deborah M. Edwards

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine how a particular approach to reading instruction affects students' behavior as measured by the behavior rating scale designed for this study.

Seven separate paired two sample t tests were used to investigate the research questions presented in this study: (1) will one of the instructional reading approaches produce more positive/negative behaviors than the other approach? (2) will one area of behavior be affected more than another in regards to the instructional approaches? (3) will one of the instructional reading approaches produce more positive behaviors in either the high or low reading ...


The Correlation Of Reading Outside School And Reading Proficiency, Tonya M. Lustumbo Dec 1993

The Correlation Of Reading Outside School And Reading Proficiency, Tonya M. Lustumbo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between time spent reading outside of school and reading proficiency, as measured by the Reading Comprehension component of the California Achievement Test. The underlying philosophy of this research stressed that the best way to develop reading ability is to provide abundant opportunity for experiencing reading. The research was conducted at a small, rural school in western New York State. As part of the recreational reading program, Book-It!, students were required to record the amount of reading they did outside of school each day for five months. The students' reading proficiency ...


Reading Achievement Of General Education Children In Blended Classes, Dawn J. Squicciarini Aug 1993

Reading Achievement Of General Education Children In Blended Classes, Dawn J. Squicciarini

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Using 64, sixth grade students from a rural Western New York school district, the examiner attempted to determine if the current practice of integrating special needs students into the regular classroom has any effect on the reading achievement of the general education student. To accomplish this, the examiner found two comparable groups from the current sixth grade class. Group A was the integrated students and Group B was the traditional students. The total reading scores from annual standardized reading tests were compared.

Using a calculated t test, the data showed no statistically significant difference in achievement between the two test ...


Birth Order And Self-Concept: Their Relationship To Reading Achievement, Laurie Maryjanowski Penepent Nov 1991

Birth Order And Self-Concept: Their Relationship To Reading Achievement, Laurie Maryjanowski Penepent

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant relationship between students’ birth order and reading achievement, self-concept and reading achievement, and their birth order and self-concept. Research has shown that educational achievement was influenced by birth order, and that birth order affected self-concept. A sample population of seventy-two subjects was used for this study. Subjects answered questions about their birth order and completed a self-concept scale. Their reading achievement score was taken from each subject’s permanent folder. The Chi-Square Test of Independence was used to determine if the relationship between each set of ...


The Effects Of Early Entrance To Kindergarten On Reading Achievement, Jonathan Malcolm Sanford Aug 1988

The Effects Of Early Entrance To Kindergarten On Reading Achievement, Jonathan Malcolm Sanford

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the effects of kindergarten entrance age on reading achievement scores at the end of first and sixth grade. The subjects in. this study were one hundred nineteen first grade students and ninety sixth grade students attending classes at the Albion Central School, a small rural district located in Western New York State.

Subjects were identified as either early or later kindergarten entrants. The Stanford Achievement Test (1982) was administered in May 1986 to measure subjects' total reading achievement.

A Chi-square test of independence was calculated for the categories of early and later kindergarten entrants. A separate Chi-square ...


An Investigation Of Fifth Graders Reported Reading Style Perceptual Preferences And Reading Achievement, Bethann Abballe Sanford May 1988

An Investigation Of Fifth Graders Reported Reading Style Perceptual Preferences And Reading Achievement, Bethann Abballe Sanford

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

One hundred twenty-one fifth grade students attending a rural public school and of a mixed socioeconomic and academic background were surveyed to determine their perceptual reading style preferences. The Reading Style Inventory (RSI) was used to obtain the perceptual preferences the subjects preferred during reading activities.

Reading Achievement scores were obtained from the results of the Stanford Achievement Test, administered in May of the subjects fourth year.

The study was designed to determine if there was a significant relationship between the reported preference in the reading style element of perception and the reading achievement of above average, average and below ...


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Environmental Print, Similar Words Not Derived From Environmental Print, And Reading Achievement Of First Grade Students, Kathryn Cosgrove Apr 1988

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Environmental Print, Similar Words Not Derived From Environmental Print, And Reading Achievement Of First Grade Students, Kathryn Cosgrove

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate if first graders would be more successful at decoding words derived from environmental print as compared to graphically similar words not derived from environmental print. First graders with high reading achievement and first graders with low reading achievement were also examined to see if they were more successful at decoding words derived from environmental print as compared to graphically similar words not derived from environmental print.

The subjects consisted of 79 first graders from a single rural elementary school who had had eight months of formal reading instruction. The subjects were asked ...


Kindergarten Entrance Age And Reading Achievement At The End Of First And Third Grade, Carrie Drew Oct 1987

Kindergarten Entrance Age And Reading Achievement At The End Of First And Third Grade, Carrie Drew

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to investigate kindergarten entrance age and its relationship to reading achievement at the end of first and third grade.

Standardized reading test scores of 463 third grade students in a southern Wisconsin school district were studied to test these hypotheses:

1. No significant relationship exists between kindergarten entrance age and reading achievement as measured by the CTBS at the end of first and/or third grade.

2. The strength of the relationship does not vary from first to third grade.

3. The strength of the relationship does not vary with sex at the first or third ...


The Relationship Among Children’S Reading Achievement, Parental Attitudes Towards Reading, And Parental Reading Habits, Diane La Spada Hage Jul 1987

The Relationship Among Children’S Reading Achievement, Parental Attitudes Towards Reading, And Parental Reading Habits, Diane La Spada Hage

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among children's reading achievement, parental attitudes towards reading, and parental reading habits. Fifty-seven students enrolled in grades 3, 4, 5, and 6 of a suburban parochial school in Western New York State and their parents constituted the subjects of this study.

Specific questions to be answered were:

1. Does a strong relationship exist between parental reading habits and their child's reading achievement?

2. Does a strong relationship exist between parental attitudes towards reading and their child's reading achievement?

..

3. Does a strong relationship exist between parental attitudes ...


Field Dependence/Independence And The Effect Of A Multi-Level Reading Guide On The Content Area Comprehension Of Eighth Grade Social Studies Students, Linda K. Logan Aug 1985

Field Dependence/Independence And The Effect Of A Multi-Level Reading Guide On The Content Area Comprehension Of Eighth Grade Social Studies Students, Linda K. Logan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the relationship between field dependence/independence and IQ, field dependence/independence and reading achievement, and field dependence/independence and the effect of a multi-level reading guide on reading comprehension. A sample population of forty-nine eighth grade students was given the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT), a measure of field dependence/independence. Scores from the Otis-Lennon Intelligence Test and the Stanford Achievement Test which had been administered prior to the study were obtained from the students' records. The students had been identified as below average in social studies and were members of four classes, all taught by the ...


Deep Muscle Relaxation And Guided Fantasy As Techniques In The Reduction Of Anxiety And Increase Of Reading Performance Of Third Grade Students, Laurel Didget Dec 1983

Deep Muscle Relaxation And Guided Fantasy As Techniques In The Reduction Of Anxiety And Increase Of Reading Performance Of Third Grade Students, Laurel Didget

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the techniques of Deep Muscle Relaxation (DMR) and Guided Fantasy (GF) could reduce the level of anxiety in highly anxious children. It was also the intent of this investigation to observe whether reduction of anxiety would result in improved reading achievement and elimination of various problematic reading behaviors. Finally, the study was to indicate whether a significant relationship exists between anxiety level and reading achievement. Statistical analysis of pre and post anxiety reading scores of the control and treatment groups consisting of highly anxious third graders revealed the following results. The ...


A Survey Of Out-Of-School Activities Of Third Grade Students With Above And Below Level Reading Achievement Scores, Christie A. Pietak Dec 1983

A Survey Of Out-Of-School Activities Of Third Grade Students With Above And Below Level Reading Achievement Scores, Christie A. Pietak

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study surveyed the out-of-school activities of third grade students with above and below level reading achievement scores. Twenty-one students scoring in the first through third and seventh through ninth stanines on the reading comprehension subtest of the Stanford Achievement Test participated in the study. Each child individually completed the out-of-school activities survey, designed and administered by the researcher.

Results of the survey indicated that significant differences do exist in the out-of-school activities of the subjects. The greatest number of differences existed between the above and below level third graders, and the above and below level third grade boys. A ...


The Relationships Among Teacher Self Concept, Teacher Locus Of Control And Student Reading Achievement, Karen Culmo Climek Dec 1981

The Relationships Among Teacher Self Concept, Teacher Locus Of Control And Student Reading Achievement, Karen Culmo Climek

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among teacher self-concept, teacher locus of control, and student reading achievement. Twelve male/female sixth-grade teachers from one urban school district in central New York State participated in this investigation. The Tennessee Self-Concept Scale and the Nowicki Adult Locus of

Control Scale were used to assess teacher self-concept and locus of control. The total reading score from the California Achievement Test was used to measure student achievement. Data obtained from these measuring devices were computer analyzed to determine correlation coefficients among the variables. Statistically significant relationships were not found between ...


Quantity Of Continuous Word Associations And Their Relationship To Reading Achievement Of First Grade Children, Linda Ayres Dec 1980

Quantity Of Continuous Word Associations And Their Relationship To Reading Achievement Of First Grade Children, Linda Ayres

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of first grade children to generate verbal associations to both neutral and emotional stimuli and to determine if this ability is significantly related to reading achievement.

Word associations are one element of oral expressive language which has been studied in its relationship to reading. Studies to date have only begun to examine the many different aspects of word associations and the relationship that they have to such things as beginning reading, reading comprehension, sight vocabulary acquisition and reading rate.

Four scores from the Metropolitan Achievement Test were correlated with scores ...


Factors Related To The Resettlement Of Migrant Adults In New York State, Laura B. Neale May 1979

Factors Related To The Resettlement Of Migrant Adults In New York State, Laura B. Neale

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to explore factors related to the resettlement of migrant adults in New York State. Differences among groups of resettled, intrastate, and interstate migrant adults were analyzed in the areas of formal education received, reading achievement, attitudes toward reading, and socioeconomic and cultural factors chosen as important reasons for resettlement.

Two questionnaires were developed by the researcher to aid in this study. Possible relationships between attitudes toward reading and reading achievement, between reading achievement and formal education, and between attitudes toward reading and sex were also explored. Significant differences were found among the three groups ...


Should Modality Be A Consideration In The Selection Of An Approach To Beginning Reading?, Shirley Bethlehem Wallace Aug 1978

Should Modality Be A Consideration In The Selection Of An Approach To Beginning Reading?, Shirley Bethlehem Wallace

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to examine the results of an effort to select an approach to first-grade reading for each child in accordance with his modality strength as determined by an informal modality test. In their kindergarten year, 60 middle-class children with at least average intelligence were given three readiness tests, the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Metropolitan Readiness Tests, and an informal modality test. Children were grouped (four groups) for first-grade reading instruction on the basis of their scores on the informal modality test. Those whose scores indicated an auditory strength were instructed via the Open Court Correlated ...


An Investigation Of The Relationships Among Several Language Variables And Three Categories Of Reading Achievement, Ann Mccormick Sweeting Aug 1978

An Investigation Of The Relationships Among Several Language Variables And Three Categories Of Reading Achievement, Ann Mccormick Sweeting

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among several language variables and three categories of reading achievement. The sample, thirty second grade students, was given the Test of Language Development and The Metropolitan Achievement Test – Primary II to assess various subskil1s of language development and reading achievement. The subtest scores of these measuring devices were computer analyzed to determine correlation coefficients among the variables. Significant relationships were found between children's Picture Vocabulary competence and Comprehension, and between children’s Grammatic Understanding and Comprehension. Several variables showed negative correlations and almost no relationship existed between some of ...


A Descriptive Analysis Of The Relationship Of Reading Performance And Selected Characteristics Of Pupils With Special Educational Needs, Leah Johnson May 1978

A Descriptive Analysis Of The Relationship Of Reading Performance And Selected Characteristics Of Pupils With Special Educational Needs, Leah Johnson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to identify the similarities and differences among children who are experiencing difficulty in learning to read. A review of the literature showed that physical, psychological and sociological factors including language and teacher expectations may cause reading difficulty. The literature further suggests that there is a need to assess these factors in individual learners so that reading instruction can be designed for children to experience success in reading.

The characteristics of fourteen low achieving first grade students were analyzed through data collected in a variety of ways. The data analysis included the similarities and differences within the ...