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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Determine Spanish Reading Proficiency, Sandra G. Kukuvka, Jean M.T. Hurst Aug 1994

The Theory Of Information As A Testing Technique To Determine Spanish Reading Proficiency, Sandra G. Kukuvka, Jean M.T. Hurst

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to expand on previously-limited investigations into the use of information theory as a Spanish language assessment technique, within an English-speaking setting, by providing a larger data base and employing a wider variety of reading passages. A further purpose was to attempt the development of a Spanish reading proficiency test that could be used in the classroom to provide a broad picture of a student's ability to comprehend reading material at or near his/her level of language learning. At no time was this study an attempt to analyze specific strengths or weaknesses in ...


Parent Responses To Children’S Oral Reading Miscues During At-Home Reading Experiences, Sandra Lee Hise Aug 1994

Parent Responses To Children’S Oral Reading Miscues During At-Home Reading Experiences, Sandra Lee Hise

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Two hundred twenty-five miscues made by fifteen children reading to their parents were categorized according to miscue type and parent response. Results indicate a strong parental reliance upon supplying words or providing decoding instruction when their children miscue while reading orally. This is in response to a large number of miscues made by the children in sounding out a word or hesitating when approaching a word. Miscue-response pairings were also considered according to the response's emphasis on decoding or obtaining meaning from the story. One third of the 212 miscue-response pairs that could be used toward answering this question ...


Lateral Dominance And Second Grade Reading Performance, Kurt Koehler Aug 1994

Lateral Dominance And Second Grade Reading Performance, Kurt Koehler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover if second grade students having a unilateral dominance will be academically higher in reading than their bilaterally dominant, or mixed laterally dominant classroom peers. Two separate t-tests were used to test the research questions presented in this study: a) Will there be a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of the unilateral dominant group and the mean score of the bilateral dominant group on a standardized reading achievement test? b) Will there be a statistically significant difference between the mean scores of the unilateral dominant group and the mean score of ...


The Correlation Between Fifth Grade Students Reading Comprehension And Writing Attitudes, Tania A. Chwesik Aug 1994

The Correlation Between Fifth Grade Students Reading Comprehension And Writing Attitudes, Tania A. Chwesik

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the nature of the correlation (high, medium, or low) between reading comprehension and writing attitudes of fifth grade students. There were 56 fifth grade students enrolled in an urban, public New York elementary school. The students were in an intense writing program for the school year to prepare them for the Writing PEP Test to be administered at the end of that school year.

The researcher compiled a list of reading comprehension scores obtained from each student's fourth grade Degrees of Reading Power (DRP) Test. During the twentieth week of school ...


An Examination Of Fourth Grade Students’ Perceptions Of Writing, Jill A. Davies Jul 1994

An Examination Of Fourth Grade Students’ Perceptions Of Writing, Jill A. Davies

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine fourth graders' perceptions of writing. Twenty- six fourth grade students were individually interviewed. The interview consisted of a series of ten questions eliciting the student's thoughts and ideas concerning writing. Each interview was tape recorded, and the responses were analyzed. The researcher found that female students tended to view writing more positively than males. A number of factors, including past experiences, feelings, interests, and previous writing opportunities, influenced the students' perceptions of writing. Environment also contributed to students’ perceptions.

Students are more eager to write when they have a sense of personal involvement ...


A Case Study: An Investigation On Influences Affecting The Reading Levels Of Bilingual Students, Enildo D. Avila May 1994

A Case Study: An Investigation On Influences Affecting The Reading Levels Of Bilingual Students, Enildo D. Avila

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines the reading of native Spanish-speaking Hispanic students, focusing on any influences or factors that might impede their ability to gain competence in their target language—English. It focuses on eight students from a middle school in Rochester, NY. Four students scoring in the lower half of the Pupil Evaluation Program (PEP) test and four students scoring in the upper half were selected for examination. Each student participated in a personal interview to determine whether there are any influences that impact them in the affective domain. The study reveals four primary concerns that may impact student success, including ...


A Look At Reader Response Instruction: Effects On Reading Attitudes And Comprehension, Karen Conway-Samatulski May 1994

A Look At Reader Response Instruction: Effects On Reading Attitudes And Comprehension, Karen Conway-Samatulski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The present study examined the effects of a reader-response instructional program on reading comprehension and reading attitude, with fifth-grade students. It involved a comparison of a reader-response instructional group with n=23 students and a traditional reading instructional group with n=24 students. Each instructional group was subdivided into high, middle, and low level reading ability. Attitude toward reading and reading comprehension were measured before and after a six week instructional period for both groups. The results failed to establish any significant differences between teaching approaches for either reading attitude or reading comprehension. There was a significant increase in attitude ...


Using Reading Skills As A Predictor Of Success On The Fourth Grade S-Pet Test, Francis J. Fiore Jr. May 1994

Using Reading Skills As A Predictor Of Success On The Fourth Grade S-Pet Test, Francis J. Fiore Jr.

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In the following study, the Program Evaluation Test in Science (S-PET) scores for students in the fourth grade at PS #44 within the Rochester city School District, were compared to their scores on the Degrees of Reading Power (DRP) test. The tests are administered to all fourth grade students every May.

Two groups of students were included: the first group was composed of those fourth grade students who took the S-PET test in May 1992. The second group was made up of the fourth grade students who took the S-PET test in May 1993. These same students also took the ...


Is The Standardized Test Score An Accurate Predictor Of Academic Performance?, Barbara E. Johnson Mar 1994

Is The Standardized Test Score An Accurate Predictor Of Academic Performance?, Barbara E. Johnson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the third grade Pupil Evaluation Program Test or the Otis Lennon School Ability Index or both were valid predictors of future academic performance as evidenced by high grade point averages, high eleventh grade English Regents exam grades and high SAT and ACT Reading scores. Ninety-one graduates of 1993 who attended school in a suburb of Rochester, New York were identified. All had taken the Pupil Evaluation Program Test in the third grade and the Otis Lennon School

Ability Index in grade ten. They had remained at the designated school continuously from ...


An Investigation Of Emergent Readers’ Hypotheses-Making About Print In Environmental Messages, Karen Lentz-Durrick Feb 1994

An Investigation Of Emergent Readers’ Hypotheses-Making About Print In Environmental Messages, Karen Lentz-Durrick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this study, the researcher investigated the hypothesis generating process that emergent readers apply when encountering environmental messages. A debate has arisen concerning the transition period when emergent readers begin to see the significance of print around them. The step from reading messages using all cues to reliance only on print was first seen as a natural occurrence, but recent research has been unable to prove or disprove this. Using familiar, unfamiliar, correct and altered logos and labels the researcher questioned preschoolers about the stimuli's meanings and what part of the stimuli gave them that information. The researcher then ...